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Infant motor profile

Rui V Simões, Emma Muñoz-Moreno, Mónica Cruz-Lemini, Elisenda Eixarch, Núria Bargalló, Magdalena Sanz-Cortes, Eduard Gratacós
BACKGROUND: Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and premature birth represent two independent problems that may occur simultaneously, and contribute to impaired neurodevelopment. OBJECTIVE: To assess changes in frontal lobe metabolic profiles of one-year-old IUGR infants born prematurely (P-IUGR) and adequate for gestational age controls, both premature (P-AGA) and born at term (T-AGA), and their association with brain structural and biophysical parameters, and neurodevelopmental outcome at two years...
September 22, 2016: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Andrea Coleman, Simona Fiori, Kelly A Weir, Robert S Ware, Roslyn N Boyd
BACKGROUND: MRI shows promise as a prognostic tool for clinical findings such as gross motor function in children with cerebral palsy(CP), however the relationship with communication skills requires exploration. AIMS: To examine the relationship between the type and severity of brain lesion on MRI and communication skills in children with CP. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: 131 children with CP (73 males(56%)), mean corrected age(SD) 28(5) months, Gross Motor Functional Classification System distribution: I=57(44%), II=14(11%), III=19(14%), IV=17(13%), V=24(18%)...
November 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Bimal Prasanna Mohanty, Satabdi Ganguly, Arabinda Mahanty, T V Sankar, R Anandan, Kajal Chakraborty, B N Paul, Debajit Sarma, J Syama Dayal, G Venkateshwarlu, Suseela Mathew, K K Asha, D Karunakaran, Tandrima Mitra, Soumen Chanda, Neetu Shahi, Puspita Das, Partha Das, Md Shahbaz Akhtar, P Vijayagopal, N Sridhar
Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is the principal constituent of a variety of cells especially the brain neurons and retinal cells and plays important role in fetal brain development, development of motor skills, and visual acuity in infants, lipid metabolism, and cognitive support and along with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) it plays important role in preventing atherosclerosis, dementia, rheumatoid arthritis, Alzheimer's disease, and so forth. Being an essential nutrient, it is to be obtained through diet and therefore searching for affordable sources of these ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) is important for consumer guidance and dietary counseling...
2016: BioMed Research International
Erna Imperatore Blanche, Megan C Chang, Juliana Gutiérrez, Janet S Gunter
OBJECTIVE: The study's objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Interdisciplinary Sensory-Enriched Early Intervention (ISEEI) group program for children with developmental delays. METHOD: We conducted a retrospective chart review of 63 children ages 18-36 mo who participated in ISEEI. We evaluated participants with the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development III (Bayley-III) and the Infant/Toddler Sensory Profile (ITSP) at enrollment and after 3-9 mo...
September 2016: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
Manoj P Menezes, Shamima Rahman, Kaustuv Bhattacharya, Damian Clark, John Christodoulou, Carolyn Ellaway, Michelle Farrar, Matthew Pitt, Hugo Sampaio, Tyson L Ware, Yehani Wedatilake, David R Thorburn, Monique M Ryan, Robert Ouvrier
INTRODUCTION: Peripheral nerve involvement is common in mitochondrial disease but often unrecognised due to the prominent central nervous system features. Identification of the underlying neuropathy may assist syndrome classification, targeted genetic testing and rehabilitative interventions. METHODS: Clinical data and the results of nerve conduction studies were obtained retrospectively from the records of four tertiary children's hospital metabolic disease, neuromuscular or neurophysiology services...
September 2016: Mitochondrion
Elisa G Hamer, Jeroen R Vermeulen, Linze J Dijkstra, Tjitske Hielkema, Claire Kos, Arend F Bos, Mijna Hadders-Algra
AIM: Having observed slow pupillary light responses (PLR) in infants at high risk of cerebral palsy, we retrospectively evaluated whether these were associated with specific brain lesions or unfavourable outcomes. METHODS: We carried out neurological examinations on 30 infants at very high risk of cerebral palsy five times until the corrected age of 21 months, classifying each PLR assessment as normal or slow. The predominant reaction during development was determined for each infant...
July 28, 2016: Acta Paediatrica
Gabriella Di Rosa, Tiziana Cavallaro, Angela Alibrandi, Lucia Marseglia, Marco Lamberti, Elisa Giaimo, Antonio Nicotera, Maria Bonsignore, Antonella Gagliano
BACKGROUND: Developmental milestones are useful signposts developed to assess the pace and the trajectory of maturation occurring during specific time-windows called critical periods. The predictive role of their clinical assessment in premature infants is challenging, however, it actually represents an easy and reliable tool at follow-up. AIM AND STUDY DESIGN: Relying on a milestone-based neurological examination, we aimed to detect the interdependence between time of achievement of each milestone with long-term neuropsychological and neurodevelopmental outcomes...
October 2016: Early Human Development
Hania Szajewska, Radosław Dryl
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Evidence suggests that the gut microbiota in subjects with infantile colic differs from the gut microbiota in an unaffected population. In colicky infants, dysbiosis may affect gut motor function and gas production resulting in abdominal pain/colic. If so, it is logical to assume that manipulation of the gut microbiota may play a therapeutic role and also could be a preventive measure in the evolution of these disorders. We aimed to evaluate evidence on the effectiveness of probiotics for treating and preventing infantile colic...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
Valentina Focaroli, Fabrizio Taffoni, Shelby M Parsons, Flavio Keller, Jana M Iverson
Recent research shows that motor difficulties are a prominent component of the behavioral profile of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and are also apparent from early in development in infants who have an older sibling with ASD (High Risk; HR). Delays have been reported for HR infants who do and who do not receive an eventual diagnosis of ASD. A growing body of prospective studies has focused on the emergence of early motor skills primarily during the first year of life. To date, however, relatively little work has examined motor skills in the second and third years...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Sirkku Setänen, Liisa Lehtonen, Riitta Parkkola, Jaakko Matomäki, Leena Haataja
BACKGROUND: Preterm infants are at a higher risk for poor motor outcome than term infants. This study aimed to describe the long-term motor profile in very preterm born children. METHODS: A total of 98 very preterm infants were included. Volumetric brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed at term age, and the Movement Assessment Battery for Children-Second Edition (The Movement ABC-2) was employed at 11 y of age. The diagnosis of Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) was determined at 11 y of age according to the International Classification of Diseases...
September 2016: Pediatric Research
Rian Eijsermans, Jacqueline Nuysink
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Céline Bouillon, Roger Léandri, Laurent Desch, Alexandra Ernst, Céline Bruno, Charline Cerf, Alexandra Chiron, Céline Souchay, Antoine Burguet, Clément Jimenez, Paul Sagot, Patricia Fauque
In animal studies, extensive data revealed the influence of culture medium on embryonic development, foetal growth and the behaviour of offspring. However, this impact has never been investigated in humans. For the first time, we investigated in depth the effects of embryo culture media on health, growth and development of infants conceived by In Vitro Fertilization until the age of 5 years old. This single-centre cohort study was based on an earlier randomized study. During six months, in vitro fertilization attempts (No...
2016: PloS One
Stéphane Chabrier, Emeline Peyric, Laure Drutel, Johanna Deron, Manoëlle Kossorotoff, Mickaël Dinomais, Leila Lazaro, Jérémie Lefranc, Guillaume Thébault, Gérard Dray, Joel Fluss, Cyrille Renaud, Sylvie Nguyen The Tich
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the epileptic, academic, and developmental status at age 7 years in a large population of term-born children who sustained neonatal arterial ischemic stroke (NAIS), and to assess the co-occurrence of these outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: A cohort study including 100 term newborns with NAIS was designed. Two infants died during the neonatal period, 13 families were lost to follow-up, and 5 families declined to participate in this evaluation. Thus, 80 families completed the 7-year clinical assessment...
May 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Belinda Lipscombe, Roslyn N Boyd, Andrea Coleman, Michael Fahey, Barry Rawicki, Koa Whittingham
BACKGROUND: Children diagnosed with neurodevelopmental conditions such as cerebral palsy (CP) are at risk of experiencing restrictions in social activities negatively impacting their subsequent social functioning. Research has identified motor and communication ability as being unique determinants of social function capabilities in children with CP, to date, no research has investigated whether communication is a mediator of the relationship between motor ability and social functioning...
June 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Eva Hecker, Gillian D Baer, Christina Stark, Peter Herkenrath, Mijna Hadders-Algra
PURPOSE: To investigate inter- and intrarater reliability scoring the Infant Motor Profile (IMP). METHODS: A total of 20 infants at risk for motor developmental delay were assessed using the IMP. Six infants were born at term (gestational age: 38-42 weeks), and 14 infants were preterm (gestational age: 24-35 weeks). Videos were analyzed twice with an interval of 1 month by 4 assessors after 2 days of IMP training. RESULTS: Spearman rank scores demonstrated strong interrater and intrarater reliability for total IMP scores (inter: r = 0...
2016: Pediatric Physical Therapy
Giuseppina Sgandurra, Laura Bartalena, Francesca Cecchi, Giovanni Cioni, Matteo Giampietri, Gorm Greisen, Anna Herskind, Emanuela Inguaggiato, Jakob Lorentzen, Jens Bo Nielsen, Martina Orlando, Paolo Dario
BACKGROUND: CareToy is an intelligent system, inspired by baby gyms, aimed to provide an intensive, individualized, home-based and family-centred early intervention (EI) program. AIMS: A pilot study was carried out to explore the feasibility of CareToy intervention in preterm infants, aged 3-9 months of corrected age. METHODS: Twenty low-risk preterm infants, without brain lesion or other clinical complications (14 allocated to CareToy intervention and 6 to Standard Care) were recruited...
June 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Tara L Crapnell, Lianne J Woodward, Cynthia E Rogers, Terrie E Inder, Roberta G Pineda
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of difficult feeding behaviors in very preterm infants at age 2 years with growth and neurodevelopmental outcomes and family factors and functioning. STUDY DESIGN: Eighty children born ≤30 weeks gestation were studied from birth until age 2 years. Feeding difficulties were assessed using the Eating Subscale of the Infant-Toddler Social Emotional Assessment at age 2 years, along with growth measurement and developmental testing...
December 2015: Journal of Pediatrics
Jelske W van der Burg, Elizabeth N Allred, Karl Kuban, T Michael O'Shea, Olaf Dammann, Alan Leviton
AIM: To evaluate to what extent extremely preterm children (<28 weeks' gestational age) of overweight (BMI 25-29) or obese (BMI ≥30) women are at increased risk of adverse development at 2 years measured with the Bayley Scales of Infant Development II in a multicenter prospective cohort study. METHODS: Heights and prepregnancy weights of the mothers of 852 preterm born children were collected and included in multinomial logistic regression models. RESULTS: Compared to newborns born to mothers with normal BMIs, newborns of obese mothers, but not those of overweight mothers, were more likely to have Bayley Scales indices more than 3 standard deviations below the reference mean (mental: OR = 2...
September 2015: Acta Paediatrica
Carina Pedrosa, Priscila Caçola, Maria Isabel Martins Mourão Carvalhal
OBJECTIVE: To identify environment factors predicting sensory profile of infants between 4 and 18 months old. METHODS: This cross-sectional study evaluated 97 infants (40 females e 57 males), with a mean age of 1.05±0.32 years with the Test of Sensory Functions in Infants (TSFI) and also asked 97 parents and 11 kindergarten teachers of seven daycare centers to answer the Affordances in the Home Environment for Motor Development- Infant Scale (AHEMD-IS). The AHEMD-IS is a questionnaire that characterizes the opportunities in the home environment for infants between 3 and 18 months of age...
April 2015: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
Julie Brisson, Karine Martel, Josette Serres, Sylvain Sirois, Jean-Louis Adrien
Research on early signs of autism in social interactions often focuses on infants' motor behaviors; few studies have focused on speech characteristics. This study examines infant-directed speech of mothers of infants later diagnosed with autism (LDA; n = 12) or of typically developing infants (TD; n = 11) as well as infants' productions (13 LDA, 13 TD). Since LDA infants appear to behave differently in the first months of life, it can affect the functioning of dyadic interactions, especially the first vocal productions, sensitive to expressiveness and emotions sharing...
May 2014: Infant Mental Health Journal
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