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Quality movement infant

Luci Wiggs, Masako Sparrowhawk, Anna L Barnett
BACKGROUND: Impaired sleep is associated with negative effects on quality of life and daytime functioning. Higher rates of sleep disturbance are reported in children with various developmental disorders. However, little is known about sleep in children with developmental coordination disorder (DCD), a condition characterized by everyday movement difficulties. Previously, in a preliminary study, we found higher rates of parent-reported sleep disturbance in children with DCD compared to controls...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Patricia A M van Iersel, Saskia C M Bakker, Arnold J H Jonker, Mijna Hadders-Algra
AIM: To evaluate in term infants associations between quality of general movements and developmental outcome in term infants at 6 years with either cerebral palsy (CP) or limited mobility without CP. METHOD: Participants of this prospective study were 145 term infants (86 male, 59 female). Their general movements quality was assessed at 'writhing' and 'fidgety' general movements age (3wks and 13wks post term). The assessment at 6 years consisted of a neurological examination, including assessment of minor neurological dysfunction (MND), evaluation of mobility with the Movement Assessment Battery for Children, and of behaviour and learning problems with questionnaires...
August 13, 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Romola Davenport
Family reconstitutions have been undertaken only rarely in urban settings due to the high mobility of historical urban populations, in both life and death. Recently Gill Newton has outlined a methodology for the reconstitution of urban populations and we applied a modified version of this method to the large Westminster parish of St. Martin in the Fields between 1752 and 1812, a period that posed particular difficulties for family reconstitution because of the rapid lengthening of the interval between birth and baptism...
2016: Local Population Studies
Saori Miyagishima, Tadayoshi Asaka, Kaori Kamatsuka, Naoki Kozuka, Masaki Kobayashi, Risa Igarashi, Tsukasa Hori, Yuko Yoto, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi
AIMS: We investigated whether spontaneous antigravity limbs movements in very low birth weight preterm infants were insufficient compared to those in term infants. The relationship between the quality of general movements (GMs) and antigravity limbs movements was also examined. METHODS: Preterm infants with very low birth weight without central nervous system disorders nor severe respiration disorders, and healthy term infants were recruited. The infants were set in a supine position...
August 2016: Infant Behavior & Development
Lidija Dimitrijević, Bojko Bjelaković, Hristina Čolović, Aleksandra Mikov, Vesna Živković, Mirjana Kocić, Stevo Lukić
BACKGROUND: Adverse neurologic outcome in preterm infants could be associated with abnormal heart rate (HR) characteristics as well as with abnormal general movements (GMs) in the 1st month of life. AIMS: To demonstrate to what extent GMs assessment can predict neurological outcome in preterm infants in our clinical setting; and to assess the clinical usefulness of time-domain indices of heart rate variability (HRV) in improving predictive value of poor repertoire (PR) GMs in writhing period...
August 2016: Early Human Development
Alison G Paquette, E Andres Houseman, Benjamin B Green, Corina Lesseur, David A Armstrong, Barry Lester, Carmen J Marsit
The placenta regulates the in utero environment and functionally impacts fetal development. Candidate gene studies identified variation in placental DNA methylation is associated with newborn neurologic and behavioral outcomes including movement quality, lethargic behavior, attention, and arousal. We sought to identify novel regions of variable DNA methylation associated with newborn attention, lethargy, quality of movement, and arousal by performing an epigenome-wide association study in 335 infants from a US birth cohort...
August 2, 2016: Epigenetics: Official Journal of the DNA Methylation Society
Oana Craciunoiu, Liisa Holsti
AIMS: For high-risk newborns, early assessment of neurobehavior that accurately predicts neurodevelopmental outcome is the first step towards determining early intervention needs. This study reviews systematically the validity of neurobehavioral assessments administered to premature newborns before term-equivalent age to predict long-term neurodevelopmental outcome. METHODS: A systematic literature search of CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, PubMed, Web of Science, PsychInfo, Cochrane Library databases was conducted...
June 17, 2016: Physical & Occupational Therapy in Pediatrics
Nicki Aubuchon-Endsley, Monique Morales, Christina Giudice, Margaret H Bublitz, Barry M Lester, Amy L Salisbury, Laura R Stroud
Maternal weight before and during pregnancy is associated with offspring neurobehaviour in childhood. We investigated maternal weight prior to and during pregnancy in relation to neonatal neurobehaviour. We hypothesized that maternal obesity and excessive gestational weight gain would be associated with poor neonatal attention and affective functioning. Participants (n = 261) were recruited, weighed and interviewed during their third trimester of pregnancy. Pre-pregnancy weight was self-reported and validated for 210 participants, with robust agreement with medical chart review (r = 0...
May 10, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
N Korsaga/Somé, L Salissou, G P Tapsoba, M S Ouédraogo, F Traoré, M Doulla, F Barro/Traoré, P Niamba, A Traoré
BACKGROUND: Through the story of two families presenting ichthyosis, we report the support and social integration difficulties inherent in these genetic diseases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Family No. 1: a 38-year-old shepherd and his wife of 25 years both had lamellar ichthyosis that had been present continually since childhood. They had had 2 stillborn infants as well as a live newborn that were all presenting lamellar ichthyosis. Family No. 2: a 45-year-old housewife was seen at our consultation with her 3 youngest children aged 8 years, 6 years and 18 months...
August 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
Elisa G Hamer, Linze J Dijkstra, Siebrigje J Hooijsma, Inge Zijdewind, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: Following our clinical observation of tonic responses in response to the knee jerk in infants at very high risk for cerebral palsy (VHR infants), we systematically studied tonic responses, clonus, and reflex irradiation. We questioned (i) whether these responses occurred more often in VHR infants than in typically developing (TD) infants, and (ii) whether they were associated with abnormal general movement quality. METHODS: Twenty-four VHR and 26 TD infants were assessed around 3 mo corrected age...
September 2016: Pediatric Research
Jana Speth, Clemens Speth
This study investigates if anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) of areas above the motor cortex (C3) influences the quantity and quality of spontaneous motor imagery experienced in REM sleep. A randomized triple-blinded design was used, combining neurophysiological techniques with a tool of quantitative mentation report analysis developed from cognitive linguistics and generative grammar. The results indicate that more motor imagery, and more athletic motor imagery, is induced by anodal tDCS in comparison to cathodal and sham tDCS...
June 2016: Neuropsychologia
Y Q Wang, Z X Yang, P Zhu, G X Gu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the correlation of twisting motion phase and infantile spasms in high risk infants. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred seventy-eight high-risk newborns experiencing follow-up in the rehabilitation phase were selected and full-body motion quality assessment was performed in the twisting motion phase. The occurrence of infants with infantile spasms after 12 months (corrected age) was statistically analyzed. RESULTS: No clear correlation was found between monotonous movement twisting motion phase and infantile spasms, and spasm synchronized movement had no definite prediction for infantile spasms...
2016: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Catherine Morgan, Johanna Darrah, Andrew M Gordon, Regina Harbourne, Alicia Spittle, Robert Johnson, Linda Fetters
AIM: To systematically review the evidence on the effectiveness of motor interventions for infants from birth to 2 years with a diagnosis of cerebral palsy or at high risk of it. METHOD: Relevant literature was identified by searching journal article databases (PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane, Web of Knowledge, and PEDro). Selection criteria included infants between the ages of birth and 2 years diagnosed with, or at risk of, cerebral palsy who received early motor intervention...
September 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Margareth Gurgel de Castro Silva, Marina Carvalho de Moraes Barros, Úrsula Maria Lima Pessoa, Ruth Guinsburg
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of kangaroo-mother care (KMC) in preterm (PT) neurobehavior between 36 and 41 weeks post-conceptual age (PCA). METHOD: A prospective cohort of 61 preterm infants with gestational age (GA) of 28-32 w evaluated by the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit Network Neurobehavioral Scale (NNNS), with 36-41 w PCA. Infants with clinical instability were excluded. They were analyzed in 2 groups: - Kangaroo (KAN): KMC for 7 or more days; Conventional (CON): did not receive KMC...
April 2016: Early Human Development
Anne N Bennema, Pamela Schendelaar, Jorien Seggers, Maaike L Haadsma, Maas Jan Heineman, Mijna Hadders-Algra
BACKGROUND: General movement (GM) assessment is a well-established tool to predict cerebral palsy in high-risk infants. Little is known on the predictive value of GM assessment in low-risk populations. AIMS: To assess the predictive value of GM quality in early infancy for the development of the clinically relevant form of minor neurological dysfunction (complex MND) and behavioral problems at preschool age. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cohort study...
March 2016: Early Human Development
Toril Fjørtoft, Kari Anne I Evensen, Gunn Kristin Øberg, Nils Thomas Songstad, Cathrine Labori, Inger Elisabeth Silberg, Marianne Loennecken, Unn Inger Møinichen, Randi Vågen, Ragnhild Støen, Lars Adde
AIMS: To compare early motor repertoire between extremely preterm and term-born infants. An association between the motor repertoire and gestational age and birth weight was explored in extremely preterm infants without severe ultrasound abnormalities. METHODS: In a multicentre study, the early motor repertoire of 82 infants born extremely preterm (ELGAN:<28 weeks) and/or with extremely low birth weight (ELBW:<1000 g) and 87 term-born infants were assessed by the "Assessment of Motor Repertoire - 2 to 5 Months" (AMR) which is part of Prechtl's "General Movement Assessment", at 12 weeks post-term age...
March 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Neurology: EJPN
Diana M Bond, Adrienne Gordon, Jon Hyett, Bradley de Vries, Angela E Carberry, Jonathan Morris
BACKGROUND: Fetal compromise in the term pregnancy is suspected when the following clinical indicators are present: intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), decreased fetal movement (DFM), or when investigations such as cardiotocography (CTG) and ultrasound reveal results inconsistent with standard measurements. Pathological results would necessitate the need for immediate delivery, but the management for 'suspicious' results remains unclear and varies widely across clinical centres. There is clinical uncertainty as to how to best manage women presenting with a suspected term compromised baby in an otherwise healthy pregnancy...
2015: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
M Zahed, J Berbis, V Brevaut-Malaty, M Busuttil, B Tosello, C Gire
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the use of nests on general movements (GM) and posture in very preterm infants at term age. METHOD: Seventeen high-risk preterm infants-less than 30 weeks of gestation (GA)-underwent a video recording, lying in supine position, with or without nest. Posture, GM quality, and movements made around the child's midline, as well as abrupt movements and frozen postures-in extension or flexion of the four limbs-were analyzed...
December 2015: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
C-H Lee, W-C Hsu, W-H Chang, M-T Lin, K-T Kang
BACKGROUND: Use of polysomnography (PSG) is the gold standard of diagnosis and measurement of treatment effectiveness for paediatric obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA). Although adenotonsillectomy (T&A) is effective in diminishing the apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI), a meta-analysis of postoperative changes for all other PSG parameters and outcome comparisons between obese and non-obese children following T&A have never been conducted. OBJECTIVE OF REVIEW: To comprehensively review polysomnographic findings after surgery for obese and non-obese children with OSA...
October 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Jonathan T Delafield-Butt, Colwyn Trevarthen
Narrative, the creation of imaginative projects and experiences displayed in expressions of movement and voice, is how human cooperative understanding grows. Human understanding places the character and qualities of objects and events of interest within stories that portray intentions, feelings, and ambitions, and how one cares about them. Understanding the development of narrative is therefore essential for understanding the development of human intelligence, but its early origins are obscure. We identify the origins of narrative in the innate sensorimotor intelligence of a hypermobile human body and trace the ontogenesis of narrative form from its earliest expression in movement...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
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