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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098921/-does-less-seclusion-create-a-safer-environment-an-attempt-to-map-the-concept-of-feeling-safe
#1
C J Severs, A J K Hondius, A H Schene
The degree of restraint imposed by a psychiatrist seems to be influenced by the safety of the team. So far, there have been few attempts to map the concept of 'feeling safe'.<br/> AIM: To analyse, define and quantify the concept of 'feeling safe'.<br/> METHOD: Concept mapping involves combining, in a structured way, qualitative (item collection) and quantitative methods (multi-dimensional scaling and hierarchical clusteranalysis) with the knowledge of professionals from psychiatric practice (N=24), first on an individual basis and then as a group (N=8)...
2017: Tijdschrift Voor Psychiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098841/compressed-sensing-techniques-applied-to-ultrasonic-imaging-of-cargo-containers
#2
Yuri Álvarez López, José Ángel Martínez Lorenzo
One of the key issues in the fight against the smuggling of goods has been the development of scanners for cargo inspection. X-ray-based radiographic system scanners are the most developed sensing modality. However, they are costly and use bulky sources that emit hazardous, ionizing radiation. Aiming to improve the probability of threat detection, an ultrasonic-based technique, capable of detecting the footprint of metallic containers or compartments concealed within the metallic structure of the inspected cargo, has been proposed...
January 15, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098824/fabrication-of-a-miniature-multi-parameter-sensor-chip-for-water-quality-assessment
#3
Bo Zhou, Chao Bian, Jianhua Tong, Shanhong Xia
Water contamination is a main inducement of human diseases. It is an important step to monitor the water quality in the water distribution system. Due to the features of large size, high cost, and complicated structure of traditional water determination sensors and devices, it is difficult to realize real-time water monitoring on a large scale. In this paper, we present a multi-parameter sensor chip, which is miniature, low-cost, and robust, to detect the pH, conductivity, and temperature of water simultaneously...
January 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098591/surviving-sepsis-campaign-international-guidelines-for-management-of-sepsis-and-septic-shock-2016
#4
Andrew Rhodes, Laura E Evans, Waleed Alhazzani, Mitchell M Levy, Massimo Antonelli, Ricard Ferrer, Anand Kumar, Jonathan E Sevransky, Charles L Sprung, Mark E Nunnally, Bram Rochwerg, Gordon D Rubenfeld, Derek C Angus, Djillali Annane, Richard J Beale, Geoffrey J Bellinghan, Gordon R Bernard, Jean-Daniel Chiche, Craig Coopersmith, Daniel P De Backer, Craig J French, Seitaro Fujishima, Herwig Gerlach, Jorge Luis Hidalgo, Steven M Hollenberg, Alan E Jones, Dilip R Karnad, Ruth M Kleinpell, Younsuk Koh, Thiago Costa Lisboa, Flavia R Machado, John J Marini, John C Marshall, John E Mazuski, Lauralyn A McIntyre, Anthony S McLean, Sangeeta Mehta, Rui P Moreno, John Myburgh, Paolo Navalesi, Osamu Nishida, Tiffany M Osborn, Anders Perner, Colleen M Plunkett, Marco Ranieri, Christa A Schorr, Maureen A Seckel, Christopher W Seymour, Lisa Shieh, Khalid A Shukri, Steven Q Simpson, Mervyn Singer, B Taylor Thompson, Sean R Townsend, Thomas Van der Poll, Jean-Louis Vincent, W Joost Wiersinga, Janice L Zimmerman, R Phillip Dellinger
OBJECTIVE: To provide an update to "Surviving Sepsis Campaign Guidelines for Management of Sepsis and Septic Shock: 2012." DESIGN: A consensus committee of 55 international experts representing 25 international organizations was convened. Nominal groups were assembled at key international meetings (for those committee members attending the conference). A formal conflict-of-interest (COI) policy was developed at the onset of the process and enforced throughout. A stand-alone meeting was held for all panel members in December 2015...
January 17, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098495/psychometric-characteristics-of-the-insomnia-severity-index-in-veterans-with-history-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#5
Christopher N Kaufmann, Henry J Orff, Raeanne C Moore, Lisa Delano-Wood, Colin A Depp, Dawn M Schiehser
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: The Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) is a widely used self-report measure of insomnia symptoms. However, to date this measure has not been validated or well-characterized in veterans who have experienced traumatic brain injury (TBI). This study assessed the psychometric properties and convergent, divergent, construct, and discriminate validity of the ISI in veterans with a history of TBI. PARTICIPANTS: Eighty-three veterans with history of TBI were seen in the VA San Diego Healthcare System as part of a research protocol...
January 18, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098441/ultrasmooth-perovskite-film-via-mixed-anti-solvent-strategy-with-improved-efficiency
#6
Yu Yu, Songwang Yang, Lei Lei, Qipeng Cao, Jun Shao, Sheng Zhang, Yan Liu
Most antisolvents employed in previous research were miscible with perovskite precursor solution. They always led to fast formation of perovskite even if the intermediate stage existed, which was not beneficial to obtain high quality perovskite films and made the formation process less controllable. In this work, a novel ethyl ether/n-hexane mixed antisolvent (MAS) was used to achieve high nucleation density and slow down the formation process of perovskite, producing films with improved orientation of grains and ultrasmooth surfaces...
January 18, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098436/bringing-3d-tumor-models-to-the-clinic-predictive-value-for-personalized-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Kathrin Halfter, Barbara Mayer
Current decision-guiding algorithms in cancer drug treatment are based on decades of research and numerous clinical trials. For the majority of patients, this data is successfully applied for a systemic disease management. For a number of patients however, treatment stratification according to clinically based risk criteria will not be sufficient. The most effective treatment options are ideally identified prior to the start of clinical drug therapy. This review will discuss the implementation of three-dimensional (3D) cell culture models as a preclinical testing paradigm for the efficacy of clinical cancer treatment...
January 18, 2017: Biotechnology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098265/depth-selective-photothermal-ir-spectroscopy-of-skin-potential-application-for-non-invasive-glucose-measurement
#8
Otto Hertzberg, Alexander Bauer, Arne Küderle, Miguel A Pleitez, Werner Mäntele
An infrared spectroscopic technique is described that employs a mid-IR broadband (980-1245 cm(-1)) tunable quantum cascade laser (QCL) to produce a pump beam, and a detection method based on photothermal deflection, enhanced by total internal reflection. The IR spectra thus obtained are depth-dependent by modulating the pump beam with different frequencies between 10 Hz and 500 Hz. A model system consisting of glucose and a polymer film is used to demonstrate the depth selectivity of this technique. We also apply this photothermal depth profiling method to record in vivo IR spectra of the human epidermis at different depths...
January 18, 2017: Analyst
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097858/-the-current-status-of-patient-safety-in-argentina-cross-sectional-study
#9
Lucrecia Arpí, Néstor D Panattieri, Cristina Godio, Verónica Sabio Paz, Nora Dackiewicz
BACKGROUND: Patient safety is a priority for healthcare organizations. For the PRONAP´s 2013 final exam, the Quality & Patient Safety Subcommittee and the PRONAP managers designed a survey to be answered by pediatrician students nationwide. It was destined to evaluate attitudes, practices and safety conditions in which they worked. AIM: To assess the current state of practices in patient safety. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Setting and sample: PRONAP students (7,438 pediatrician nationwide) who answered 2013 final exam...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097837/food-and-beverage-advertising-on-children-s-tv-channels-in-argentina-frequency-duration-and-nutritional-quality
#10
Alicia Rovirosa, María E Zapata, Paula Gómez, Susana Gotthelf, Daniel Ferrante
: Food and beverage marketing has been identified as one of the determinants of unhealthy food and beverage consumption in the child population. OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and duration of food and beverage advertising in children's programming and the nutritional quality of advertised food and beverages. METHODS: Descriptive, cross-sectional study. Children's cable and broadcast channel programming was recorded in two periods: over the week and on the weekend...
February 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097634/schizophrenia-impact-on-family-dynamics
#11
REVIEW
Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar, Mar Rus-Calafell, Thomas K J Craig, Matias Irarrazaval, Alfonso Urzúa, Laurent Boyer, David R Williams
In many societies, family members are now the primary caregivers of mental health patients, taking on responsibilities traditionally under the purview of hospitals and medical professionals. The impact of this shift on the family is high, having both an emotional and economic toll. The aim of this paper is to review the main changes that occur in family dynamics for patients with schizophrenia. The article addresses three central themes: (i) changes in the family at the onset of the disorder, (ii) consequences for family members because of their caregiver role, and (iii) family interventions aimed at improving the complex dynamics within the family...
January 2017: Current Psychiatry Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097497/gopro-hero-cameras-for-creation-of-a-three-dimensional-educational-neurointerventional-video
#12
Min S Park, Andrea Brock, Vance Mortimer, Philipp Taussky, William T Couldwell, Edward Quigley
Neurointerventional education relies on an apprenticeship model, with the trainee observing and participating in procedures with the guidance of a mentor. While educational videos are becoming prevalent in surgical cases, there is a dearth of comparable educational material for trainees in neurointerventional programs. We sought to create a high-quality, three-dimensional video of a routine diagnostic cerebral angiogram for use as an educational tool. A diagnostic cerebral angiogram was recorded using two GoPro HERO 3+ cameras with the Dual HERO System to capture the proceduralist's hands during the case...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Digital Imaging: the Official Journal of the Society for Computer Applications in Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096002/factors-influencing-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-advanced-cancer
#13
Sun-A Park, Seung Hyun Chung, Youngjin Lee
The present study aimed to determine the predictors of quality of life (QOL) of patients with advanced cancer. A cross-sectional study involving 494 patients with advanced cancer was conducted using the Memorial Symptom Assessment Scale-Short Form, the Karnofsky Performance Status Scale, the World Health Organization Disability Assessment Schedule (Korean version), and the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Core 30. Regression analyses showed that physical and psychological symptoms significantly predicted the patients' QOL and explained 28...
February 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095954/predicting-air-quality-at-first-ingress-into-vehicles-visiting-the-international-space-station
#14
Amelia A Romoser, Robert R Scully, Thomas F Limero, Vanessa De Vera, Patti F Cheng, Jennifer J Hand, John T James, Valerie E Ryder
INTRODUCTION: NASA regularly performs ground-based offgas tests (OGTs), which allow prediction of accumulated volatile pollutant concentrations at first entry on orbit, on whole modules and vehicles scheduled to connect to the International Space Station (ISS). These data guide crew safety operations and allow for estimation of ISS air revitalization systems impact from additional pollutant load. Since volatiles released from vehicle, module, and payload materials can affect crew health and performance, prediction of first ingress air quality is important...
February 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095901/risk-assessment-tools-to-predict-location-of-discharge-and-need-for-supportive-services-for-medical-patients-after-discharge-from-hospital-a-systematic-review-protocol
#15
Daniel M Kobewka, Daniel McIsaac, Michaël Chassé, Kednapa Thavorn, Sunita Mulpuru, Luke T Lavallée, Shane English, Justin Presseau, Alan J Forster
BACKGROUND: Patients who are discharged from hospital after an acute medical illness often have impaired function that prevents them from returning to their previous place of residence. Assessing each patient's post-discharge needs takes time and resources but is important in order to reduce unplanned readmissions and adverse events post-discharge. METHODS/DESIGN: We will conduct a systematic review to synthesize the evidence on prognostic models and their reported accuracy in predicting the location of discharge after a medical admission to an acute care hospital...
January 17, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095846/associations-between-degrees-of-task-delegation-and-job-satisfaction-of-general-practitioners-and-their-staff-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Helle Riisgaard, Jens Søndergaard, Maria Munch, Jette V Le, Loni Ledderer, Line B Pedersen, Jørgen Nexøe
BACKGROUND: In recent years, the healthcare system in the western world has undergone a structural development caused by changes in demography and pattern of disease. In order to maintain the healthcare system cost-effective, new tasks are placed in general practice urging the general practitioners to rethink the working structure without compromising the quality of care. However, there is a substantial variation in the degree to which general practitioners delegate tasks to their staff, and it is not known how these various degrees of task delegation influence the job satisfaction of general practitioners and their staff...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095840/medical-complexity-and-time-to-lung-cancer-treatment-a-three-year-retrospective-chart-review
#17
Trine Stokstad, Sveinung Sørhaug, Tore Amundsen, Bjørn H Grønberg
BACKGROUND: The time from a referral for suspected lung cancer is received at a hospital until treatment start has been defined as a quality indicator. Current Norwegian recommendation is that ≥70% should start surgery or radiotherapy within 42 calendar days and systemic therapy within 35 days. However, delays can occur due to medical complexity. The aim of this study was to quantify the proportion of patients who started treatment within the recommended timeframes; and to assess the proportion of non-complex patients for which there were no good reasons for delays...
January 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095565/successful-treatment-of-rhinophyma-with-fractionated-carbon-dioxide-co2-laser-in-an-african-american-man-case-report-and-review-of-literature-of-fractionated-co2-laser-treatment-of-rhinophyma
#18
Ekaterina Kraeva, Derek Ho, Jared Jagdeo
Rhinophyma, a late complication of rosacea (phymatous subtype), is a chronic, progressive dermatological condition. The classic pre- sentation of rhinophyma is nodular, thickened skin over the distal nose, and is often accompanied by underlying erythema secondary to in ammation. Due to the unpleasant aesthetic and dis guring appearance, rhinophyma may be associated with a signi cant nega- tive psychosocial impact, resulting in decreased patient quality-of-life. Treatment of rhinophyma is challenging as topical and systemic pharmacotherapies have shown limited ef cacy...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095524/combination-of-collagen-barrier-membrane-with-enamel-matrix-derivative-liquid-improves-osteoblast-adhesion-and-differentiation
#19
Richard J Miron, Masako Fujioka-Kobayashi, Daniel Buser, Yufeng Zhang, Dieter D Bosshardt, Anton Sculean
PURPOSE: Collagen barrier membranes were first introduced to regenerative periodontal and oral surgery to prevent fast ingrowing soft tissues (ie, epithelium and connective tissue) into the defect space. More recent attempts have aimed at combining collagen membranes with various biologics/growth factors to speed up the healing process and improve the quality of regenerated tissues. Recently, a new formulation of enamel matrix derivative in a liquid carrier system (Osteogain) has demonstrated improved physico-chemical properties for the adsorption of enamel matrix derivative to facilitate protein adsorption to biomaterials...
January 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095435/evaluation-of-a-silver-embedded-ceramic-tablet-as-a-primary-and-secondary-point-of-use-water-purification-technology-in-limpopo-province-s-africa
#20
Beeta Ehdaie, Chloe T Rento, Veronica Son, Sydney S Turner, Amidou Samie, Rebecca A Dillingham, James A Smith
The World Health Organization (WHO) recognizes point-of-use water treatment (PoUWT) technologies as effective means to improve water quality. This paper investigates long-term performance and social acceptance of a novel PoUWT technology, a silver-infused ceramic tablet, in Limpopo Province, South Africa. When placed in a water storage container, the silver-embedded ceramic tablet releases silver ions into water, thereby disinfecting microbial pathogens and leaving the water safe for human consumption. As a result of its simplicity and efficiency, the silver-embedded ceramic tablet can serve as a stand-alone PoUWT method and as a secondary PoUWT to improve exisitng PoUWT methods, such as ceramic water filters...
2017: PloS One
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