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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692072/-effects-of-short-term-granulated-straw-incorporation-on-grain-yield-and-soil-respiration-in-a-winter-wheat-summer-maize-cropping-system
#1
Li Zhang, Jing Wang, Huan Cheng Pang, Jun Tong Zhang, Jian Jun Guo, Guo Hao Dong
Direct straw return to soils often leads to poor combination between soil and straw, decreases straw decomposition and suppresses crop growth. Those problems hamper crop yield and its stability. Granulated straw with high bulk density and small volume improves the straw quality and the soil-straw combination. It remains unknown how does the practice influence soil carbon emission and grain yield. A micro-field experiment was carried out to investigate the responses of wheat and maize yields, soil respiration and soil carbon use efficiency...
February 2018: Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao, the Journal of Applied Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691974/aboriginal-experiences-of-cancer-and-care-coordination-lessons-from-the-cancer-data-and-aboriginal-disparities-candad-narratives
#2
Rachel Reilly, Jasmine Micklem, Paul Yerrell, David Banham, Kim Morey, Janet Stajic, Marion Eckert, Monica Lawrence, Harold B Stewart, Alex Brown
BACKGROUND: Aboriginal people with cancer experience worse outcomes than other Australians for a range of complex and interrelated reasons. A younger age at diagnosis, higher likelihood of more advanced cancer or cancer type with poorer prognosis, geographic isolation and cultural and language diversity mean that patient pathways are potentially more complex for Aboriginal people with cancer. In addition, variation in the quality and acceptability of care may influence cancer outcomes...
April 24, 2018: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691969/obesity-and-the-food-system-transformation-in-latin-america
#3
REVIEW
B M Popkin, T Reardon
The Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) region faces a major diet-related health problem accompanied by enormous economic and social costs. The shifts in diet are profound: major shifts in intake of less-healthful low-nutrient-density foods and sugary beverages, changes in away-from-home eating and snacking and rapid shifts towards very high levels of overweight and obesity among all ages along with, in some countries, high burdens of stunting. Diet changes have occurred in parallel to, and in two-way causality with, changes in the broad food system - the set of supply chains from farms, through midstream segments of processing, wholesale and logistics, to downstream segments of retail and food service (restaurants and fast food chains)...
April 24, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691867/progress-towards-pig-nutrition-in-the-last-27-years
#4
REVIEW
Yi Wu, Jianfei Zhao, Chenchen Xu, Ning Ma, Ting He, Jinshan Zhao, Xi Ma, Phil A Thacker
Over the last 27 years (1990-2017), based on the revolutionary progresses of basic nutrition research, novel methods and techniques have been developed which bring a profound technological revolution to pig production from free-range system to intensive farming all over the world. Basic theoretical innovations and feed production studies have provided vital advancements in pig nutrition by developing formula feed, utilizing balanced diets, determining feed energy value, dividing pig physiological stages, enhancing gut health, and improving feed processing technique...
April 24, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691835/rufinamide-add-on-therapy-for-refractory-epilepsy
#5
REVIEW
Mariangela Panebianco, Hemanshu Prabhakar, Anthony G Marson
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder (neurological disorder). Epileptic seizures are the result of excessive and abnormal cortical nerve cell electrical activity in the brain. Despite the development of more than 10 new antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) since the early 2000s, approximately a third of people with epilepsy remain resistant to pharmacotherapy, often requiring treatment with a combination of AEDs. In this review, we summarised the current evidence regarding rufinamide, a novel anticonvulsant medication, which, as a triazole derivative, is structurally unrelated to any other currently used anticonvulsant medication, when used as an add-on treatment for refractory epilepsy...
April 25, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691771/neuropathic-pain-is-it-an-underestimated-symptom-in-systemic-sclerosis
#6
Nihan Cuzdan, Ipek Turk, Tunay Sarpel, Eren Erken, Zeliha Nazan Alparslan
Pain is one of the most common symptoms in systemic sclerosis (SSc) patients, yet not considered in the assessment of disease severity. This study aimed to investigate the frequency of neuropathic pain (NP) and to evaluate its interference with the quality of life (QoL) in SSc patients. Diffuse and Limited SSc patients diagnosed by American College of Rheumatology 2013 criteria were included in the study. Pain was evaluated with Visual Analogue Scale (VAS); presence of NP was screened with The Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANNS) questionnaire; disease activity was evaluated with modified Medsger Severity Scale (MSS) and QoL with short-form 36 (SF-36)...
April 24, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691740/integration-of-a-photocatalytic-multi-tube-reactor-for-indoor-air-purification-in-hvac-systems-a-feasibility-study
#7
Jeroen van Walsem, Jelle Roegiers, Bart Modde, Silvia Lenaerts, Siegfried Denys
This work is focused on an in-depth experimental characterization of multi-tube reactors for indoor air purification integrated in ventilation systems. Glass tubes were selected as an excellent photocatalyst substrate to meet the challenging requirements of the operating conditions in a ventilation system in which high flow rates are typical. Glass tubes show a low-pressure drop which reduces the energy demand of the ventilator, and additionally, they provide a large exposed surface area to allow interaction between indoor air contaminants and the photocatalyst...
April 24, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691690/-biomarkers-and-imaging-for-diagnosis-and-stratification-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-and-spondylarthritis-in-the-bmbf-consortium-arthromark
#8
REVIEW
T Häupl, A Skapenko, B Hoppe, K Skriner, H Burkhardt, D Poddubnyy, S Ohrndorf, P Sewerin, U Mansmann, B Stuhlmüller, H Schulze-Koops, G-R Burmester
Rheumatic diseases are among the most common chronic inflammatory disorders. Besides severe pain and progressive destruction of the joints, rheumatoid arthritis (RA), spondyloarthritides (SpA) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) impair working ability, reduce quality of life and if treated insufficiently may enhance mortality. With the introduction of biologics to treat these diseases, the demand for biomarkers of early diagnosis and therapeutic stratification has been growing continuously. The main goal of the consortium ArthroMark is to identify new biomarkers and to apply modern imaging technologies for diagnosis, follow-up assessment and stratification of patients with RA, SpA and PsA...
April 24, 2018: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691675/-digital-pathology-the-time-has-come
#9
REVIEW
R Grobholz
BACKGROUND: Digital pathology (DP) and whole-slide imaging (WSI) technology have matured substantially over the last few years. Meanwhile, commercial systems are available that can be used in routine practice. AIMS: Illustration of DP experiences in a routine diagnostic setting. RESULTS AND CONCLUSIONS: A DP system offers several advantages: 1) glass slides are no longer unique; 2) access to cases is possible from any location; 3) digital image analysis can be applied; and 4) archived WSI can be easily accessed...
April 24, 2018: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691628/performance-of-the-mixed-led-light-quality-on-the-growth-and-energy-efficiency-of-arthrospira-platensis
#10
Ruixin Mao, Shuangsheng Guo
The effect of mixed light quality with red, blue, and green LED lamps on the growth of Arthrospira platensis was studied, so as to lay the theoretical and technical basis for establishing a photo-bioreactor lighting system for application in space. Meanwhile, indexes, like morphology, growth rate, photosynthetic pigment compositions, energy efficiency, and main nutritional components, were measured respectively. The results showed that the blue light combined with red light could decrease the tightness of filament, and the effect of green light was opposite...
April 24, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691212/utilization-of-a-clinical-trial-management-system-for-the-whole-clinical-trial-process-as-an-integrated-database-system-development
#11
Yu Rang Park, Young Jo Yoon, HaYeong Koo, Soyoung Yoo, Chang-Min Choi, Sung-Ho Beck, Tae Won Kim
BACKGROUND: Clinical trials pose potential risks in both communications and management due to the various stakeholders involved when performing clinical trials. The academic medical center has a responsibility and obligation to conduct and manage clinical trials while maintaining a sufficiently high level of quality, therefore it is necessary to build an information technology system to support standardized clinical trial processes and comply with relevant regulations. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to address the challenges identified while performing clinical trials at an academic medical center, Asan Medical Center (AMC) in Korea, by developing and utilizing a clinical trial management system (CTMS) that complies with standardized processes from multiple departments or units, controlled vocabularies, security, and privacy regulations...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691211/developing-a-third-party-analytics-application-using-australia-s-national-personal-health-records-system-case-study
#12
Niranjan Bidargaddi, Yasmin van Kasteren, Peter Musiat, Michael Kidd
BACKGROUND: My Health Record (MyHR) is Australia's national electronic health record (EHR) system. Poor usability and functionality have resulted in low utility, affecting enrollment and participation rates by both patients and clinicians alike. Similar to apps on mobile phone app stores, innovative third-party applications of MyHR platform data can enhance the usefulness of the platform, but there is a paucity of research into the processes involved in developing third-party applications that integrate and use data from EHR systems...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Medical Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691209/experiences-of-general-practitioners-and-practice-support-staff-using-a-health-and-lifestyle-screening-app-in-primary-health-care-implementation-case-study
#13
Marianne Julie Webb, Greg Wadley, Lena Amanda Sanci
BACKGROUND: Technology-based screening of young people for mental health disorders and health compromising behaviors in general practice increases the disclosure of sensitive health issues and improves patient-centered care. However, few studies investigate how general practitioners (GPs) and practice support staff (receptionists and practice managers) integrate screening technology into their routine work, including the problems that arise and how the staff surmount them. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the implementation of a health and lifestyle screening app, Check Up GP, for young people aged 14 to 25 years attending an Australian general practice...
April 24, 2018: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691207/improving-the-usefulness-and-use-of-patient-survey-programs-national-health-service-interview-study
#14
Kelsey Flott, Ara Darzi, Sarah Gancarczyk, Erik Mayer
BACKGROUND: A growing body of evidence suggests a concerning lag between collection of patient experience data and its application in service improvement. This study aims to identify what health care staff perceive to be the barriers and facilitators to using patient-reported feedback and showcase successful examples of doing so. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to apply a systems perspective to suggest policy improvements that could support efforts to use data on the frontlines...
April 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691206/designing-for-clinical-change-creating-an-intervention-to-implement-new-statin-guidelines-in-a-primary-care-clinic
#15
Melissa DeJonckheere, Claire H Robinson, Lindsey Evans, Julie Lowery, Bradley Youles, Adam Tremblay, Caitlin Kelley, Jeremy B Sussman
BACKGROUND: Recent clinical practice guidelines from major national organizations, including a joint United States Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) and Department of Defense (DoD) committee, have substantially changed recommendations for the use of the cholesterol-lowering statin medications after years of relative stability. Because statin medications are among the most commonly prescribed treatments in the United States, any change in their use may have significant implications for patients and providers alike...
April 24, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691167/press-ganey-outpatient-medical-practice-survey-scores-do-not-correlate-with-patient-reported-outcomes-after-primary-joint-arthroplasty
#16
Jessica M Kohring, Christopher E Pelt, Mike B Anderson, Christopher L Peters, Jeremy M Gililland
BACKGROUND: Patient delivery of care satisfaction surveys have emerged as instruments to assess the quality of health care at both the hospital and provider levels. We evaluated the correlation between these care satisfaction surveys and patient-reported outcomes (PROs). METHODS: We reviewed secondary data on 540 patients with 540 random visits who underwent primary total joint arthroplasty between January 2014 and February 2017. The Press Ganey Outpatient Medical Practice Survey was collected from outpatient clinical encounters to measure patient satisfaction with their experience and matched to PRO measures from the same encounter...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691166/improved-perioperative-care-of-elective-joint-replacement-patients-the-impact-of-an-orthopedic-perioperative-hospitalist
#17
Steven J Fitzgerald, Terrence C Palmer, Matthew J Kraay
BACKGROUND: We developed an orthopedic hospitalist fellowship program for our total joint replacement program at a large urban academic medical center. The goal of the program was to improve patient outcomes, quality, and healthcare value through collaborative perioperative care and improved care coordination. This study evaluates the implementation and impact of our modified Hospitalist-Orthopaedic Team Co-management model on quality and performance metrics. METHODS: We reviewed our Quality Institute data using 3 databases for the 16 months before (PreOH) and 18 months after (PostOH) implementation...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Arthroplasty
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691116/exploring-the-q-marker-of-sweat-soaking-method-processed-radix-wikstroemia-indica-based-on-the-effect-toxicity-chemicals-study
#18
Guo Feng, Yun-Long Chen, Wei Li, Lai-Lai Li, Zeng-Guang Wu, Zi-Jun Wu, Yue Hai, Si-Chao Zhang, Chuan-Qi Zheng, Chang-Xiao Liu, Xin He
BACKGROUND: Radix Wikstroemia indica (RWI), named "Liao Ge Wang" in Chinese, is a kind of toxic Chinese herbal medicine (CHM) commonly used in Miao nationality of South China. "Sweat soaking method" processed RWI could effectively decrease its toxicity and preserve therapeutic effect. However, the underlying mechanism of processing is still not clear, and the Q-markers database for processed RWI has not been established. PURPOSE: Our study is to investigate and establish the quality evaluation system and potential Q-markers based on "effect-toxicity-chemicals" relationship of RWI for quality/safety assessment of "sweat soaking method" processing...
March 28, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691112/plastic-flexible-films-waste-management-a-state-of-art-review
#19
REVIEW
O Horodytska, F J Valdés, A Fullana
Plastic flexible films are increasingly used in many applications due to their lightness and versatility. In 2014, the amount of plastic films represented 34% of total plastic packaging produced in UK. The flexible film waste generation rises according to the increase in number of applications. Currently, in developed countries, about 50% of plastics in domestic waste are films. Moreover, about 615,000 tonnes of agricultural flexible waste are generated in the EU every year. A review of plastic films recycling has been conducted in order to detect the shortcomings and establish guidelines for future research...
April 21, 2018: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691099/influence-of-aortic-neck-characteristics-on-successful-aortic-wall-penetration-of-endoanchors-in-therapeutic-use-during-endovascular-aneurysm-repair
#20
Seline R Goudeketting, Kim van Noort, Kenneth Ouriel, William D Jordan, Jean M Panneton, Cornelis H Slump, Jean-Paul P M de Vries
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to quantify EndoAnchor (Medtronic Vascular, Santa Rosa, Calif) penetration into the aortic wall in patients undergoing endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair and to assess predictors of successful penetration and its relationship to postprocedural type IA endoleak. METHODS: A subset of patients from the Aneurysm Treatment Using the Heli-FX Aortic Securement System Global Registry (ANCHOR) were included if they met the following criteria: the indication for EndoAnchor use was to treat a type IA endoleak, and postprocedure contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans of sufficient quality were available for core laboratory review...
April 21, 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery
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