keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

microbiome tool

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103917/a-fast-and-robust-protocol-for-metataxonomic-analysis-using-rnaseq-data
#1
Jeremy W Cox, Richard A Ballweg, Diana H Taft, Prakash Velayutham, David B Haslam, Aleksey Porollo
BACKGROUND: Metagenomics is a rapidly emerging field aimed to analyze microbial diversity and dynamics by studying the genomic content of the microbiota. Metataxonomics tools analyze high-throughput sequencing data, primarily from 16S rRNA gene sequencing and DNAseq, to identify microorganisms and viruses within a complex mixture. With the growing demand for analysis of the functional microbiome, metatranscriptome studies attract more interest. To make metatranscriptomic data sufficient for metataxonomics, new analytical workflows are needed to deal with sparse and taxonomically less informative sequencing data...
January 19, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098358/subclinical-alteration-of-the-cervical-vaginal-microbiome-in-women-with-idiopathic-infertility
#2
Giuseppina Campisciano, Fiorella Florian, Angela D'Eustacchio, David Stanković, Giuseppe Ricci, Manola Comar
Biomarkers have a wide application in research and clinic, they help to choose the correct treatment for diseases. Recent studies, addressing the vaginal microbiome using next generation sequencing (NGS), reported the involvement of bacterial species in infertility. We compared the vaginal microbiome of idiopathic infertility diagnosed women with that of healthy, non-idiopathic infertile and bacterial vaginosis affected women, to identify bacterial species suitable as biomarkers. Information on microorganisms was obtained from the V3-16S rDNA sequencing of cervical-vaginal fluids of 96 women using the Ion Torrent platform...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095889/evolution-of-gut-microbiota-composition-from-birth-to-24-weeks-in-the-infantmet-cohort
#3
Cian J Hill, Denise B Lynch, Kiera Murphy, Marynka Ulaszewska, Ian B Jeffery, Carol Anne O'Shea, Claire Watkins, Eugene Dempsey, Fulvio Mattivi, Kieran Touhy, R Paul Ross, C Anthony Ryan, Paul W O' Toole, Catherine Stanton
BACKGROUND: The gut is the most extensively studied niche of the human microbiome. The aim of this study was to characterise the initial gut microbiota development of a cohort of breastfed infants (n = 192) from 1 to 24 weeks of age. METHODS: V4-V5 region 16S rRNA amplicon Illumina sequencing and, in parallel, bacteriological culture. The metabolomic profile of infant urine at 4 weeks of age was also examined by LC-MS. RESULTS: Full-term (FT), spontaneous vaginally delivered (SVD) infants' microbiota remained stable at both phylum and genus levels during the 24-week period examined...
January 17, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080023/microbial-nanoscopy-breakthroughs-challenges-and-opportunities
#4
Yves F Dufrêne
Studying the structure, properties, and interactions of microbial cells is key to understanding the functions of the microbiome. Recent advances in nanotechnology have offered new tools to probe microbes at the single-molecule and single-cell levels. In this issue of ACS Nano, Kumar et al. present an atomic force microscopy method that is capable of imaging the nanoscale organization of bacterial proteins in native, curved membranes. This study represents an important step forward in the development of nanoscopy techniques for analyzing biological systems with large curvature and vertical dimensions, such as membrane vesicles and bacterial cells...
January 12, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077565/mahmi-database-a-comprehensive-metahit-based-resource-for-the-study-of-the-mechanism-of-action-of-the-human-microbiota
#5
Aitor Blanco-Míguez, Alberto Gutiérrez-Jácome, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, Anália Lourenço, Borja Sánchez
The Mechanism of Action of the Human Microbiome (MAHMI) database is a unique resource that provides comprehensive information about the sequence of potential immunomodulatory and antiproliferative peptides encrypted in the proteins produced by the human gut microbiota. Currently, MAHMI database contains over 300 hundred million peptide entries, with detailed information about peptide sequence, sources and potential bioactivity. The reference peptide data section is curated manually by domain experts. The in silico peptide data section is populated automatically through the systematic processing of publicly available exoproteomes of the human microbiome...
2017: Database: the Journal of Biological Databases and Curation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077318/alcohol-microbiome-life-style-influence-alcohol-and-non-alcoholic-organ-damage
#6
REVIEW
Manuela G Neuman, Samuel W French, Samir Zakhari, Stefen Malnick, Helmut K Seitz, Lawrence B Cohen, Mikko Salaspuro, Andreea Voinea Griffin, Andrei Barasch, Irina A Kirpich, Paul G Thomes, Laura W Schrum, Terrence M Donohue, Kusum Kharbanda, Marcus Cruz, Mihai Opris
This paper is based upon the "8th Charles Lieber's Satellite Symposium" organized by Manuela G. Neuman at the Research Society on Alcoholism Annual Meeting, onJune 25, 2016 at New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. The integrative symposium investigated different aspects of alcohol-induced liver disease (ALD) as well as non-alcohol-induced liver disease (NAFLD) and possible repair. We revealedthe basic aspects of alcohol metabolism that may be responsible for the development of liver diseaseas well as the factors that determine the amount, frequency and which type of alcohol misuse leads to liver and gastrointestinal diseases...
January 7, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077127/navigating-social-and-ethical-challenges-of-biobanking-for-human-microbiome-research
#7
Kim H Chuong, David M Hwang, D Elizabeth Tullis, Valerie J Waters, Yvonne C W Yau, David S Guttman, Kieran C O'Doherty
BACKGROUND: Biobanks are considered to be key infrastructures for research development and have generated a lot of debate about their ethical, legal and social implications (ELSI). While the focus has been on human genomic research, rapid advances in human microbiome research further complicate the debate. DISCUSSION: We draw on two cystic fibrosis biobanks in Toronto, Canada, to illustrate our points. The biobanks have been established to facilitate sample and data sharing for research into the link between disease progression and microbial dynamics in the lungs of pediatric and adult patients...
January 11, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071925/gene-editing-and-genetic-engineering-approaches-for-advanced-probiotics-a-review
#8
Ruby Yadav, Vishal Kumar, Mehak Baweja, Pratyoosh Shukla
The applications of probiotics are significant and thus resulted in need of genome analysis of probiotic strains. Various omics methods and systems biology approaches enables us to understand and optimize the metabolic processes. These techniques have increased the researcher's attention towards gut microbiome and provided a new source for the revelation of uncharacterized biosynthetic pathways which enables novel metabolic engineering approaches. In recent years, the broad and quantitative analysis of modified strains relies on systems biology tools such as in silico design which are commonly used methods for improving strain performance...
January 10, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071710/micropattern-a-web-based-tool-for-microbe-set-enrichment-analysis-and-disease-similarity-calculation-based-on-a-list-of-microbes
#9
Wei Ma, Chuanbo Huang, Yuan Zhou, Jianwei Li, Qinghua Cui
The microbiota colonized on human body is renowned as "a forgotten organ" due to its big impacts on human health and disease. Recently, microbiome studies have identified a large number of microbes differentially regulated in a variety of conditions, such as disease and diet. However, methods for discovering biological patterns in the differentially regulated microbes are still limited. For this purpose, here, we developed a web-based tool named MicroPattern to discover biological patterns for a list of microbes...
January 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28066818/microbiome-helper-a-custom-and-streamlined-workflow-for-microbiome-research
#10
André M Comeau, Gavin M Douglas, Morgan G I Langille
Sequence-based approaches to study microbiomes, such as 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenomics, are uncovering associations between microbial taxa and a myriad of factors. A drawback of these approaches is that the necessary sequencing library preparation and bioinformatic analyses are complicated and continuously changing, which can be a barrier for researchers new to the field. We present three essential components to conducting a microbiome experiment from start to finish: first, a simplified and step-by-step custom gene sequencing protocol that requires limited lab equipment, is cost-effective, and has been thoroughly tested and utilized on various sample types; second, a series of scripts to integrate various commonly used bioinformatic tools that is available as a standalone installation or as a single downloadable virtual image; and third, a set of bioinformatic workflows and tutorials to provide step-by-step guidance and education for those new to the microbiome field...
January 2017: MSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052549/adsorption-of-norovirus-and-ostreid-herpesvirus-type-1-to-polymer-membranes-for-the-development-of-passive-samplers
#11
Françoise Vincent-Hubert, Benjamin Morga, Tristan Renault, Françoise S Le Guyader
AIMS: This study was performed to develop passive sampling methodology for the detection of two viruses in seawater in the area of shellfish production, The Norovirus (NoV), a human pathogen implicated in gastroenteritis outbreaks linked to oyster consumption and the ostreid herpesvirus type 1 (OsHV-1) a virus associated with mass mortalities of Pacific oysters. METHODS AND RESULTS: Commercially membranes were tested for their capacity to adsorb virus: Zetapor, gauze, nylon, low density polyethylene (LDPE) and Polyvinylidene difluoride (PVDF)...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052134/assessment-of-common-and-emerging-bioinformatics-pipelines-for-targeted-metagenomics
#12
Léa Siegwald, Hélène Touzet, Yves Lemoine, David Hot, Christophe Audebert, Ségolène Caboche
Targeted metagenomics, also known as metagenetics, is a high-throughput sequencing application focusing on a nucleotide target in a microbiome to describe its taxonomic content. A wide range of bioinformatics pipelines are available to analyze sequencing outputs, and the choice of an appropriate tool is crucial and not trivial. No standard evaluation method exists for estimating the accuracy of a pipeline for targeted metagenomics analyses. This article proposes an evaluation protocol containing real and simulated targeted metagenomics datasets, and adequate metrics allowing us to study the impact of different variables on the biological interpretation of results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049411/accelerating-metagenomic-read-classification-on-cuda-enabled-gpus
#13
Robin Kobus, Christian Hundt, André Müller, Bertil Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Metagenomic sequencing studies are becoming increasingly popular with prominent examples including the sequencing of human microbiomes and diverse environments. A fundamental computational problem in this context is read classification; i.e. the assignment of each read to a taxonomic label. Due to the large number of reads produced by modern high-throughput sequencing technologies and the rapidly increasing number of available reference genomes software tools for fast and accurate metagenomic read classification are urgently needed...
January 3, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049409/negative-binomial-mixed-models-for-analyzing-microbiome-count-data
#14
Xinyan Zhang, Himel Mallick, Zaixiang Tang, Lei Zhang, Xiangqin Cui, Andrew K Benson, Nengjun Yi
BACKGROUND: Recent advances in next-generation sequencing (NGS) technology enable researchers to collect a large volume of metagenomic sequencing data. These data provide valuable resources for investigating interactions between the microbiome and host environmental/clinical factors. In addition to the well-known properties of microbiome count measurements, for example, varied total sequence reads across samples, over-dispersion and zero-inflation, microbiome studies usually collect samples with hierarchical structures, which introduce correlation among the samples and thus further complicate the analysis and interpretation of microbiome count data...
January 3, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039862/isolation-and-high-dimensional-phenotyping-of-gastrointestinal-immune-cells
#15
Bruna Araujo David, Stephen Rubino, Thais Garcias Moreira, Maria Alice Freitas Lopes, Alan Moreira de Araújo, Nicole E Paul, Rafael Machado Rezende, Gustavo Batista Menezes
The gastrointestinal immune system (GIS) plays a pivotal role in the host relationship with food antigens, the homeostatic microbiome, and enteric pathogens. Here, we describe how to collect and process liver and intestinal samples to efficiently isolate and analyse resident immune cells. Furthermore, we describe a step-by-step methodology showing how to high-dimensionally immunophenotype resident leukocytes using cytometry by time of flight (CyTOF), providing a well-characterized antibody platform that allows the identification of every leukocyte subset simultaneously...
December 31, 2016: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017520/microbial-dysbiosis-in-common-variable-immune-deficiencies-evidence-causes-and-consequences
#16
REVIEW
Roos-Marijn Berbers, Stefan Nierkens, Jacob M van Laar, Debby Bogaert, Helen L Leavis
Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is an immune disorder that not only causes increased susceptibility to infection, but also to inflammatory complications such as autoimmunity, lymphoid proliferation, malignancy, and granulomatous disease. Recent findings implicate the microbiome as a driver of this systemic immune dysregulation. Here, we critically review the current evidence for a role of the microbiome in the pathogenesis of CVID immune dysregulation, and describe the possible immunologic mechanisms behind causes and consequences of microbial dysbiosis in CVID...
December 22, 2016: Trends in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008834/-impact-of-newly-developed-metagenomic-tools-on-our-knowledge-of-the-gut-microbiota-and-its-role-in-human-health-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-issues
#17
Hervé M Blottière, Joël Doré
Over the last years, our vision of the intestinal microbiota and its contribution to human physiology has been fully revisited, thanks to metagenomics. Next generation sequencing allowed a full characterization of the microbiome. Quantitative metagenomic permitted a deep understanding of the intestinal ecosystem, its structure, and potential dysbiosis in several human pathologies. The microbiome may be used as biomarker of disease or of risk to progress toward a disease. A good understanding of the mechanisms of interaction between gut microbiota and its host is needed; functional metagenomic is a useful tool to identify genes and metabolites able to interact with host's cells...
November 2016: Médecine Sciences: M/S
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005908/a-machine-learning-approach-for-using-the-postmortem-skin-microbiome-to-estimate-the-postmortem-interval
#18
Hunter R Johnson, Donovan D Trinidad, Stephania Guzman, Zenab Khan, James V Parziale, Jennifer M DeBruyn, Nathan H Lents
Research on the human microbiome, the microbiota that live in, on, and around the human person, has revolutionized our understanding of the complex interactions between microbial life and human health and disease. The microbiome may also provide a valuable tool in forensic death investigations by helping to reveal the postmortem interval (PMI) of a decedent that is discovered after an unknown amount of time since death. Current methods of estimating PMI for cadavers discovered in uncontrolled, unstudied environments have substantial limitations, some of which may be overcome through the use of microbial indicators...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005526/introducing-ezbiocloud-a-taxonomically-united-database-of-16s-rrna-and-whole-genome-assemblies
#19
Seok-Hwan Yoon, Sung-Min Ha, Soonjae Kwon, Jeongmin Lim, Yeseul Kim, Hyungseok Seo, Jongsik Chun
The recent advent of DNA sequencing technologies facilitates the use of genome sequencing data that provide means for more informative and precise classification and identification of Bacteria and Archaea. Because the current species definition is based on the comparison of genome sequences between type and other strains in a given species, building a genome database with correct taxonomic information is a premium need to enhance our efforts in exploring prokaryotic diversity and discovering new species as well as for routine identifications...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003256/recycler-an-algorithm-for-detecting-plasmids-from-de-novo-assembly-graphs
#20
Roye Rozov, Aya Brown Kav, David Bogumil, Naama Shterzer, Eran Halperin, Itzhak Mizrahi, Ron Shamir
MOTIVATION: Plasmids and other mobile elements are central contributors to microbial evolution and genome innovation. Recently, they have been found to have important roles in antibiotic resistance and in affecting production of metabolites used in industrial and agricultural applications. However, their characterization through deep sequencing remains challenging, in spite of rapid drops in cost and throughput increases for sequencing. Here, we attempt to ameliorate this situation by introducing a new circular element assembly algorithm, leveraging assembly graphs provided by a conventional de novo assembler and alignments of paired-end reads to assemble cyclic sequences likely to be plasmids, phages and other circular elements...
December 21, 2016: Bioinformatics
keyword
keyword
47147
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"