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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786590/hepatitis-c-and-human-rights-comparison-of-legal-experience-of-ukraine-and-georgia
#1
Iryna Y Senyuta
A comparative legal research of human rights provision in Ukraine and Georgia, in the aspect of combating viral HCV, was conducted. Ukrainian advocacy experience and Georgian strategic litigation experience with regard to human rights and HCV was analyzed. Key international instruments, which lay the conceptual foundations as well as outline the measures, which are directed at human rights in patient care provision and fighting viral hepatitis, were elucidated. Attention was paid to the Global health sector strategy...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786019/measuring-situation-awareness-in-medical-education-objective-structured-clinical-examination-guides
#2
Margaret Frere, John Tepper, Markus Fischer, Kieran Kennedy, Thomas Kropmans
Background: Medical errors are among the most prevalent and serious adverse events in health care. Lack of situation awareness (SA) is an important factor leading to such errors. SA can be understood using Endsley's three-tier model: level 1 is perception, level 2 is comprehension, and level 3 is projection. While there is extensive literature on the theory of SA, it is difficult to measure and quantify. The purpose of this pilot study was to measure, identify, and characterize SA in some medical objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) guides, including a 1st year National University of Ireland, Galway (NUIG) OSCE...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785879/blood-and-hair-mercury-concentrations-among-cree-first-nations-of-eeyou-istchee-quebec-canada-time-trends-prenatal-exposure-and-links-to-local-fish-consumption
#3
Susannah Ripley, Elizabeth Robinson, Louise Johnson-Down, Anne Andermann, Pierre Ayotte, Michel Lucas, Evert Nieboer
To describe exposure to methylmercury among Cree, focusing on women of childbearing age, we used data from 2 studies. Multiple regression was employed to examine associations between blood and hair mercury concentrations and consumption of locally harvested fish. Approximately 9.9% of non-pregnant women aged 15-44 y and 3.9% of pregnant women required follow-up according to Health Canada's blood mercury guidance value of 40 nmol/L. 8% of hair mercury observations in the non-pregnant women and 2.5% among pregnant women exceeded the equivalent threshold of 10 nmol/g...
December 2018: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785797/relationship-between-handgrip-strength-and-pulmonary-function-in-apparently-healthy-older-women
#4
Da-Hye Son, Ji-Won Yoo, Mi-Ra Cho, Yong-Jae Lee
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the relationship between handgrip strength and pulmonary function. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of a representative sample of older Korean women. SETTING: The Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. PARTICIPANTS: Community-dwelling women aged 65 and older without chronic diseases or pulmonary disease (N=605). MEASUREMENTS: Handgrip strength was measured using a digital hand dynamometer, and pulmonary function was tested according to guidelines of the American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society using a spirometry system...
May 21, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785751/the-american-society-for-preventive-cardiology-aspc-has-started-2018-with-noteworthy-initiatives-a-recap-of-just-a-few-will-be-beneficial-for-members-as-well-as-non-members-who-will-hopefully-be-inspired-to-join-our-burgeoning-society
#5
Seth J Baum
First, we have continued and augmented our Town Hall Series exploring and solving medication access problems in the US. The 2016 and 2017 meetings were an extraordinary success as we led the nation in the mission to help appropriate patients gain access to PCSK9i, while simultaneously creating methods to ease the massive burdens on our offices. Continuing such advocacy efforts, the ASPC organized five 2018 programs to convene at the ACC, PriMed California, ASPC, CMHC, and the AHA. This article is protected by copyright...
May 21, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785559/childbirth-after-adolescent-and-young-adult-cancer-a-population-based-study
#6
Hazel B Nichols, Chelsea Anderson, Kathryn J Ruddy, Kristin Z Black, Barbara Luke, Stephanie M Engel, Jennifer E Mersereau
PURPOSE: Annually, > 45,000 US women are diagnosed with cancer during adolescence and young adulthood (AYA). Since 2006, national guidelines have recommended fertility counseling for cancer patients. We examined childbirth after AYA cancer by calendar period, cancer diagnosis, and maternal characteristics. METHODS: We identified a cohort of women with an incident invasive AYA cancer diagnosis at ages 15-39 during 2000-2013 in North Carolina. Cancer records were linked with statewide birth certificates through 2014...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cancer Survivorship: Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785467/impact-of-a-safe-resident-handling-program-in-nursing-homes-on-return-to-work-and-re-injury-outcomes-following-work-injury
#7
Alicia Kurowski, Glenn Pransky, Laura Punnett
Purpose This study examined the impact of a Safe Resident Handling Program (SRHP) on length of disability and re-injury, following work-related injuries of nursing home workers. Resident handling-related injuries and back injuries were of particular interest. Methods A large national nursing home corporation introduced a SRHP followed by three years of training for 136 centers. Lost-time workers' compensation claims (3 years pre-SRHP and 6 years post-SRHP) were evaluated. For each claim, length of first episode of disability and recurrence of disabling injury were evaluated over time...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785463/the-north-american-forest-database-going-beyond-national-level-forest-resource-assessment-statistics
#8
W Brad Smith, Rubí Angélica Cuenca Lara, Carina Edith Delgado Caballero, Carlos Isaías Godínez Valdivia, Joseph S Kapron, Juan Carlos Leyva Reyes, Carmen Lourdes Meneses Tovar, Patrick D Miles, Sonja N Oswalt, Mayra Ramírez Salgado, Xilong Alex Song, Graham Stinson, Sergio Armando Villela Gaytán
Forests cannot be managed sustainably without reliable data to inform decisions. National Forest Inventories (NFI) tend to report national statistics, with sub-national stratification based on domestic ecological classification systems. It is becoming increasingly important to be able to report statistics on ecosystems that span international borders, as global change and globalization expand stakeholders' spheres of concern. The state of a transnational ecosystem can only be properly assessed by examining the entire ecosystem...
May 21, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785264/delay-and-inequalities-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-pulmonary-fibrosis-the-case-of-two-nordic-countries
#9
Ida Pesonen, Lisa Carlson, Nicola Murgia, Riitta Kaarteenaho, Carl Magnus Sköld, Marjukka Myllärniemi, Giovanni Ferrara
Background: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is characterized by progressive loss of lung function with high mortality within the first 5 years from diagnosis. In 2011-2014, two drugs, pirfenidone and nintedanib, have been approved worldwide for prevention of IPF progression. National IPF-registries have been established in both Finland and Sweden. Our study explored potential differences in the care of IPF in these two countries. Methods: Patients included consecutively in the Finnish and Swedish IPF-registries from January 1, 2014 through December 31, 2016 were included in the study...
2018: Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785203/conflict-and-tuberculosis-in-sudan-a-10-year-review-of-the-national-tuberculosis-programme-2004-2014
#10
Sara A Hassanain, Jeffrey K Edwards, Emilie Venables, Engy Ali, Khadiga Adam, Hafiz Hussien, Asma Elsony
Background: Sudan is a fragile developing country, with a low expenditure on health. It has been subjected to ongoing conflicts ever since 1956, with the Darfur crisis peaking in 2004. The conflict, in combination with the weak infrastructure, can lead to poor access to healthcare. Hence, this can cause an increased risk of infection, greater morbidity and mortality from tuberculosis (TB), especially amongst the poor, displaced and refugee populations. This study will be the first to describe TB case notifications, characteristics and outcomes over a ten-year period in Darfur in comparison with the non-conflict Eastern zones within Sudan...
2018: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784606/associated-with-ischemic-stroke-risk-reduction-after-endoscopic-thoracic-sympathectomy-for-palmar-sweating
#11
Chun-Gu Cheng, Chun-An Cheng, Wu-Chien Chien, Chi-Hsiang Chung, Jiunn-Tay Lee
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy (ETS) was performed to cure palmar hyperhidrosis (PH). After ETS, blood pressure decreased, and cerebral flow velocity increased within 1 month. However, no studies distinguish between subsequent ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke following ETS for PH. The association between stroke type and PH after ETS must be evaluated. METHODS: We surveyed newly diagnosed patients with PH using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD-9-CM) diagnostic code 708...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784168/prevalence-and-determinants-of-visual-impairment-in-canada-cross-sectional-data-from-the-canadian-longitudinal-study-on-aging
#12
Rumaisa Aljied, Marie-Josée Aubin, Ralf Buhrmann, Saama Sabeti, Ellen E Freeman
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence and determinants of visual impairment in Canada. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. PARTICIPANTS: 30,097 people in the Comprehensive Cohort of the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging METHODS: Inclusion criteria included being between the ages of 45 and 85 years old, community-dwelling, and living near one of the 11 data collection sites across 7 Canadian provinces. People were excluded if they were in an institution, living on a First Nations reserve, were a full-time member of the Canadian Armed Forces, did not speak French or English, or had cognitive impairment...
June 2018: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784137/factors-influencing-the-documentation-of-fertility-related-discussions-for-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-cancer
#13
G Skaczkowski, V White, K Thompson, H Bibby, M Coory, R Pinkerton, W Nicholls, L M Orme, R Conyers, M B Phillips, M Osborn, R Harrup, A Anazodo
PURPOSE: A cancer diagnosis and treatment may have significant implications for a young patient's future fertility. Documentation of fertility-related discussions and actions is crucial to providing the best follow-up care, which may occur for many years post-treatment. This study examined the rate of medical record documentation of fertility-related discussions and fertility preservation (FP) procedures for adolescents and young adults (AYAs) with cancer in Australia. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records for 941 patients in all six Australian states...
June 2018: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783887/a-vision-for-global-heath-diplomacy-in-the-foreign-policy-process-using-smart-power-to-prevent-and-resolve-international-conflict
#14
Sebastian Kevany
In the twenty-first Century, the developed world attempts to provide global health assistance, to poorer countries - at least in part in the pursuit and maintenance of world order and stability. Rarely, however - and in most cases, then on an ad hoc basis - are related foreign policy tools deployed in combination with each other. Nonetheless, there is currently greater openness than ever before to such interdigitation. Not least this reflects the unprecedented challenges of modern political and security conditions - struggling to operate amidst a broader culture of global adverserialism, and conflict which conventional systems of intervention have struggled to successfully resolve...
May 21, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783231/allergenic-weed-pollen-forecast-under-the-mathematical-modeling-method-implementation-in-ukraine
#15
Irina I Motruk, Michael Yu Antomonov, Victoria V Rodinkova, Olena E Aleksandrova, Oleh V Yermishev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Allergies are the most common reason of the chronic diseases in developed countries and represent an important medical, social and economic issue, the relevance of which is growing both in these countries and in Ukraine. The most famous of these allergens group is the pollen of ambrosia and pollen of poaceae, which are ubiquitously distributed in the subtropical and temperate climate. The aim: The objective of our study was to develop the mathematical models, which will be able to indicate the probability of the pollen circulation, and thus these models can simplify the forecast of symptoms risk and improve the prophylaxis of pollinosis...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#16
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782586/reflective-practices-at-the-security-council-children-and-armed-conflict-and-the-three-united-nations
#17
Ingvild Bode
The United Nations Security Council passed its first resolution on children in armed conflict in 1999, making it one of the oldest examples of Security Council engagement with a thematic mandate and leading to the creation of a dedicated working group in 2005. Existing theoretical accounts of the Security Council cannot account for the developing substance of the children and armed conflict agenda as they are macro-oriented and focus exclusively on states. I argue that Security Council decision-making on thematic mandates is a productive process whose outcomes are created by and through practices of actors across the three United Nations: member states (the first United Nations), United Nations officials (the second United Nations) and non-governmental organizations (the third United Nations)...
June 2018: European journal of international relations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782528/threat-of-wheat-blast-to-south-asia-s-food-security-an-ex-ante-analysis
#18
Khondoker Abdul Mottaleb, Pawan Kumar Singh, Kai Sonder, Gideon Kruseman, Thakur Prasad Tiwari, Naresh C D Barma, Paritosh Kumar Malaker, Hans-Joachim Braun, Olaf Erenstein
New biotic stresses have emerged around the globe over the last decades threatening food safety and security. In 2016, scientists confirmed the presence of the devastating wheat-blast disease in Bangladesh, South Asia-its first occurrence outside South America. Severely blast-affected wheat fields had their grain yield wiped out. This poses a severe threat to food security in a densely-populated region with millions of poor inhabitants where wheat is a major staple crop and per capita wheat consumption has been increasing...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782363/regional-lymph-node-metastases-in-groin-sarcomas-a-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenge
#19
Deanna Wan Jie Ng, Ye Xin Koh, Grace Hwei Ching Tan, Khee Chee Soo, Melissa Ching Ching Teo
INTRODUCTION: The evaluation of lymph nodes and the role of groin dissection for groin sarcomas has been controversial where there have not been previous studies or guidelines published. In this study, we aim to first formulate a clinical approach in the evaluation of regional lymph nodal metastases. Second, we aim to also evaluate the role of regional lymphadenectomy in the setting of pathologically involved regional lymph nodes for groin sarcomas. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 43 consecutive patients with groin sarcomas underwent treatment at the National Cancer Centre Singapore between 2002 and 2015...
May 18, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782305/tatami-mats-a-source-of-pitted-keratolysis-in-a-martial-arts-athlete
#20
Anamaria Balić, Zrinka Bukvić Mokos, Branka Marinović, Daniela Ledić Drvar
Dear Editor, Pitted keratolysis (PK), also known as keratosis plantaris sulcatum, is a non-inflammatory, bacterial, superficial cutaneous infection, characterized by many discrete superficial crateriform ''pits'' and erosions in the thickly keratinized skin of the weight-bearing regions of the soles of the feet (1). The disease often goes unnoticed by the patient, but when it is noticed it is because of the unbearable malodor and hyperhidrosis of the feet, which are socially unacceptable and cause great anxiety to many of the patients...
April 2018: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
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