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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933610/resilience-mediates-impact-of-some-childhood-maltreatment-on-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-conscripted-marines-in-the-republic-of-korea
#1
Heejung Kim, Sun Ah Kim, Seongsook Kong
Although it is known that post-traumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) can result from military service, the variance in PTSS unexplained by military service warrants further investigation, and no researchers have investigated South Korean Marines' vulnerability during their 2-year conscripted service as the first line of national defense against threats from North Korea. This study was designed to examine whether resilience mediated the relationship between childhood maltreatment and PTSS in 169 Korean conscripts into the Marine Corps...
December 9, 2016: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932771/-analysis-of-the-status-and-influential-factors-for-prenatal-care-and-postpartum-visit-among-pregnant-women-based-on-the-first-health-service-survey-in-hunan-province
#2
Wei Zhang, Xunjie Cheng, Lin Zhang, Peishan Ning, Li Li, Xin Deng, Jing Deng, Guoqing Hu
To evaluate the status and influential factors for prenatal care and postpartum visit among pregnant women in Hunan Province from 2008 to 2013 based on the data from the First Health Service Survey in Hunan Province.
 Methods: Based on the data of prenatal care and postpartum visit among pregnant women from the First Health Service Survey of Hunan Province in 2013, proportion of pregnant women, who didn't meet the criteria for prenatal care and postpartum visit, were calculated (≥5 times for prenatal care and ≥2 times for postpartum visit, according to the National Basic Public Health Service program, 2009 Edition)...
November 28, 2016: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932528/comorbidities-treatment-patterns-and-cost-of-illness-of-acromegaly-in-sweden-a-register-linkage-population-based-study
#3
Eva Lesén, Daniel Granfeldt, Aude Houchard, Jérôme Dinet, Anthony Berthon, Daniel S Olsson, Ingela Björholt, Gudmundur Johannsson
OBJECTIVE: Acromegaly is a complex endocrine disease with multiple comorbidities. Treatment to obtain biochemical remission includes surgery, medical therapy and radiation. We aimed to describe comorbidities, treatment patterns and cost-of-illness in patients with acromegaly in Sweden. DESIGN: A nationwide population-based study. METHODS: Patients with acromegaly were identified and followed in national registers in Sweden. Longitudinal treatment patterns were assessed in patients diagnosed between July 2005 and December 2013...
February 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932514/long-term-therapy-with-wu-ling-san-a-popular-antilithic-chinese-herbal-formula-did-not-prevent-subsequent-stone-surgery-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
San-Yuan Wu, Huey-Yi Chen, Kao-Sung Tsai, Jen-Huai Chiang, Chih-Hsin Muo, Fung-Chang Sung, Yung-Hsiang Chen, Wen-Chi Chen
Traditional Chinese herbal medicine (CHM), which is widely used to treat pain and urolithiasis, is a promising therapy for urinary stone prevention. This study investigated the clinical efficacy of a popular CHM, Wu-Ling-San (WLS), in Taiwan for the prophylaxis of recurrent nephrolithiasis as assessed by surgical stone treatment via a nationwide population-based cohort study. The National Health Insurance Research Database, 2000-2010, which included one million patient records. All patients diagnosed with stone disease at the beginning of the study...
2016: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932441/trophoblast-cells-inhibit-neutrophil-extracellular-trap-formation-and-enhance-apoptosis-through-vasoactive-intestinal-peptide-mediated-pathways
#5
Guillermina Calo, Florencia Sabbione, Daiana Vota, Daniel Paparini, Rosanna Ramhorst, Analía Trevani, Claudia Pérez Leirós
STUDY QUESTION: Do human trophoblast cells modulate neutrophil extracellular trap (NET) formation, reactive oxygen species (ROS) synthesis and neutrophil apoptosis through mechanisms involving vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)? SUMMARY ANSWER: Trophoblast cells inhibited NET formation and ROS synthesis and enhanced neutrophil apoptosis through VIP-mediated pathways in a model of maternal-placental interaction. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Immune homeostasis maintenance at the maternal-placental interface is mostly coordinated by trophoblast cells...
December 7, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932193/associations-between-built-environment-and-physical-activity-of-7-8-year-old-children-cross-sectional-results-from-the-lithuanian-cosi-study
#6
Vilma Žaltauskė, Aušra Petrauskienė
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Research shows that regular engagement in physical activity in childhood is associated with multiple physical and psychosocial health benefits. The data on associations between children physical activity level and built environment in Lithuania are limited. The built environment is one of many variables thought to affect children physical activity level. But consequently there is growing interest in how physical environment influences physical activity of school age children...
November 21, 2016: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932133/metabolic-syndrome-after-liver-transplantation-five-year-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#7
F García-Pajares, I Peñas-Herrero, R Sánchez-Ocaña, R Torrres-Yuste, M Cimavilla-Román, A Carbajo-López, C Almohalla-Alvarez, B Pérez-Saborido, E Muñoz-Conejero, M Gonzalez-Sagrado, A Caro-Patón, G Sánchez-Antolín
Survival after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) has increased over the last decades, focusing on the metabolic complications that contribute to patient morbidity and mortality. The aim of our study was to describe the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MS), its components, and its associated factors in patients who underwent OLT in a hospital in Spain. From November 2001 to January 2014, we performed 415 transplantations in 386 patients. We analyzed 204 patients with a minimum follow-up of 1 year (77.6% were male and the mean age was 54...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932019/time-trend-analyses-of-child-pedestrian-morbidity-in-japan
#8
S Nakahara, M Ichikawa, T Sakamoto
OBJECTIVES: Road traffic injuries, particularly pedestrian injuries, are a major health issue among children worldwide. The present study quantitatively analyzed the time trends of child pedestrian injuries in Japan from 1975 to 2013 by age. STUDY DESIGN: Time trend analysis of nationally aggregated data. METHODS: We analyzed police data on pedestrian injuries requiring medical treatment among children aged 0-15 years occurring between 1975 and 2013...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931985/impact-of-regulatory-measures-on-antipsychotics-drug-consumption-in-castilla-y-le%C3%A3-n-spain
#9
L H Martín Arias, C Treceño Lobato, S Pérez García, P García Ortega, M Sáinz Gil, R Sanz Fadrique, A Carvajal García-Pando
OBJECTIVES: Antipsychotics are currently used to treat different diseases; even some off-labelled conditions are treated with this medication. Consumption and cost of antipsychotic drugs sharply increased in Spain after second-generation drugs were marketed; several regulatory measures were adopted to curb this trend. The aim of this study was to examine the impact of these measures upon the use and cost of antipsychotics. STUDY DESIGN: Study of drug use (SDU) from 1995 to 2012...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931767/blood-and-urinary-levels-of-metals-and-metalloids-in-the-general-adult-population-of-northern-france-the-imepoge-study-2008-2010
#10
Catherine Nisse, Romuald Tagne-Fotso, Mike Howsam, Camille Richeval, Laurence Labat, Ariane Leroyer
BACKGROUND: The assessment of human chemical risks related to occupational or environmental exposure to pollutants requires the use of both accurate exposure indicators and reference values. The objective of this study was to evaluate the blood and urinary levels of various metals and metalloids in a sample of adults aged 20-59 years of the general population of Northern France, a formerly heavily industrialised area that retains some industrial activity. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted between 2008 and 2010, enrolling 2000 residents of Northern France...
October 3, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931749/-hereditary-epidermolysis-bullosa-french-national-guidelines-pnds-for-diagnosis-and-treatment
#11
C Chiaverini, E Bourrat, J Mazereeuw-Hautier, S Hadj-Rabia, C Bodemer, J-P Lacour
Hereditary epidermolysis bullosa (EB) is a heterogeneous group of rare genetic diseases characterized by fragile skin and/or mucous membrane, and it may be either local or generalized. It is caused by mutations in genes encoding different proteins involved mainly in the structure and function of the dermal-epidermal junction. Nineteen genes have so far been identified. They are classified by level of skin cleavage (from top to bottom) into four groups: EB simplex, junctional EB, dystrophic EB and Kindler syndrome...
December 5, 2016: Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931605/bariatric-surgery-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-swedish%C3%A2-obese-subjects
#12
Shabbar Jamaly, Lena Carlsson, Markku Peltonen, Peter Jacobson, Lars Sjöström, Kristjan Karason
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, which in turn is associated with stroke, heart failure, and increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether weight loss through bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) is a prospective matched cohort study conducted at 25 surgical departments and 480 primary healthcare centers in Sweden...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931228/internal-living-environment-and-respiratory-disease-in-children-findings-from-the-growing-up-in-new-zealand-longitudinal-child-cohort-study
#13
Sandar Tin Tin, Alistair Woodward, Rajneeta Saraf, Sarah Berry, Polly Atatoa Carr, Susan M B Morton, Cameron C Grant
BACKGROUND: The incidence of early childhood acute respiratory infections (ARIs) has been associated with aspects of the indoor environment. In recent years, public awareness about some of these environmental issues has increased, including new laws and subsequent changes in occupant behaviours. This New Zealand study investigated current exposures to specific risk factors in the home during the first five years of life and provided updated evidence on the links between the home environment and childhood ARI hospitalisation...
December 8, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931203/perinatal-mortality-among-infants-born-during-health-user-fees-cash-carry-and-the-national-health-insurance-scheme-nhis-eras-in-ghana-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Abdallah Ibrahim, Ernest T Maya, Ernestina Donkor, Irene A Agyepong, Richard M Adanu
BACKGROUND: This research determined the rates of perinatal mortality among infants delivered under Ghana's national health insurance scheme (NHIS) compared to infants delivered under the previous "Cash and Carry" system in Northern Region, especially as the country takes stock of its progress toward meeting the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) 4 and 5. METHODS: The labor and maternity wards delivery records of infants delivered before and after the implementation of the NHIS in Northern Region were examined...
December 8, 2016: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931158/drug-survival-on-tumour-necrosis-factor-inhibitors-in-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-in-finland
#15
K J Aaltonen, J T Joensuu, L Pirilä, M Kauppi, T Uutela, T Varjolahti-Lehtinen, T Yli-Kerttula, P Isomäki, D Nordström, T Sokka
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review found that an average of 27% of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients using tumour necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitors discontinue their treatment within 1 year. The aim of this study was to assess drug survival on TNF inhibitors among patients with RA. METHODS: Patients were identified from the National Register for Biologic Treatment in Finland (ROB-FIN), which is a longitudinal cohort study established to monitor the effectiveness and safety of biologic drugs in rheumatic diseases...
December 8, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931076/sampling-methodology-and-site-selection-in-the-national-eye-health-survey-nehs-an-australian-population-based-prevalence-study
#16
Joshua Foreman, Stuart Keel, Ross Dunn, Peter van Wijngaarden, Hugh R Taylor, Mohamed Dirani
BACKGROUND: To present the sampling methodology and selected testing sites of the National Eye Health Survey (NEHS); a cross-sectional population-based survey that aimed to determine the prevalence of vision impairment and blindness in Australia. DESIGN: Indigenous Australians aged 40 years and older and non-Indigenous Australians aged 50 years and older residing in all levels of geographic remoteness in Australia. METHODS: Using multi-stage, random-cluster sampling, 30 geographic areas were selected to provide a sample of 3000 non-Indigenous Australians and 1400 Indigenous Australians...
December 8, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931047/effect-of-population-breast-screening-on-breast-cancer-mortality-up-to-2005-in-england-and-wales-an-individual-level-cohort-study
#17
Louise E Johns, Derek A Coleman, Anthony J Swerdlow, Susan M Moss
BACKGROUND: Population breast screening has been implemented in the UK for over 25 years, but the size of benefit attributable to such programmes remains controversial. We have conducted the first individual-based cohort evaluation of population breast screening in the UK, to estimate the impact of the NHS breast screening programme (NHSBSP) on breast cancer mortality. METHODS: We followed 988 090 women aged 49-64 years in 1991 resident in England and Wales, who because of the staggered implementation of the NHSBSP, included both invited subjects and an uninvited control group...
December 8, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930967/epidemiology-and-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-management-of-febrile-seizures-in-the-italian-pediatric-emergency-departments-a-prospective-observational-study
#18
Giovanna Vitaliti, Emanuele Castagno, Fulvio Ricceri, Antonio Urbino, Alberto Verrotti Di Pianella, Riccardo Lubrano, Elisa Caramaschi, Maurizio Prota, Rita Maria Pulvirenti, Patrizia Ajovalasit, Giuseppe Signorile, Carla Navone, Maria Rosaria La Bianca, Alberto Villani, Giovanni Corsello, Raffaele Falsaperla
AIM: Febrile seizures (FS) involve 2-5% of the paediatric population, among which Complex FS (CFS) account for one third of accesses for FS in Emergency Departments (EDs). The aim of our study was to define the epidemiology, the clinical, diagnostic and therapeutic approach to FS and CFSs in the Italian EDs. METHODS: A multicenter prospective observational study was performed between April 2014 and March 2015. Patients between 1 and 60 months of age, randomly accessing to ED for ongoing FS or reported FS at home were included...
November 16, 2016: Epilepsy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930902/a-large-scale-national-study-of-gambling-severity-among-immigrant-and-non-immigrant-adolescents-the-role-of-the-family
#19
Natale Canale, Alessio Vieno, Mark D Griffiths, Alberto Borraccino, Giacomo Lazzeri, Lorena Charrier, Patrizia Lemma, Paola Dalmasso, Massimo Santinello
AIM: The primary aim of the present study was to examine the association between immigrant generation, family sociodemographic characteristics, and problem gambling severity in a large-scale nationally representative sample of Italian youth. METHOD: Data from the 2013-2014 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) Survey were used for cross-sectional analyses of adolescent problem gambling. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by a representative sample of 20,791 15-year-old students...
November 24, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930560/risk-of-secondary-cancers-in-women-with-breast-cancer-and-the-influence-of-radiotherapy-a-national-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#20
Cheng-Yao Lin, Sih-Hao Chen, Chien-Cheng Huang, Shih-Feng Weng, Song-Tay Lee, How-Ran Guo, Shu-Chun Kuo, Shih-Bin Su
Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women worldwide; thus, the prolongation of survival, and the incidence and risk factors, including radiotherapy, for developing secondary malignancies are important. We compared the incidence of secondary and new primary cancers in women with breast cancer (CA) and well-matched for age, geographic region, and monthly income cancer-free controls (CA). The risk for secondary cancers with and without radiotherapy was also compared in CA women. We enrolled 2422 CA patients and CA 12,110 controls...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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