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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630055/smoking-ban-in-psychiatric-hospital-led-to-drop-in-violent-assaults
#1
Anne Gulland
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628055/workplace-violence-and-training-required-by-new-legislation-among-nj-nurses
#2
Marilyn Lou Ridenour, Scott Hendricks, Daniel Hartley, James D Blando
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine nurses' knowledge of the state of New Jersey (NJ) Violence Prevention in Health Care Facilities Act, workplace violence training, and experience with workplace violence. METHODS: In 2013, 309 (22.5% response rate) nurses returned a mailed survey. Univariate and multivariate analyses were conducted. RESULTS: Ninety percent of respondents were female. When the perpetrator was a patient or a family member, the respondents experienced verbal abuse the most (57...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625214/post-traumatic-stress-disorder-associated-with-sexual-assault-among-women-in-the-who-world-mental-health-surveys
#3
K M Scott, K C Koenen, A King, M V Petukhova, J Alonso, E J Bromet, R Bruffaerts, B Bunting, P de Jonge, J M Haro, E G Karam, S Lee, M E Medina-Mora, F Navarro-Mateu, N A Sampson, V Shahly, D J Stein, Y Torres, A M Zaslavsky, R C Kessler
BACKGROUND: Sexual assault is a global concern with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), one of the common sequelae. Early intervention can help prevent PTSD, making identification of those at high risk for the disorder a priority. Lack of representative sampling of both sexual assault survivors and sexual assaults in prior studies might have reduced the ability to develop accurate prediction models for early identification of high-risk sexual assault survivors. METHODS: Data come from 12 face-to-face, cross-sectional surveys of community-dwelling adults conducted in 11 countries...
June 19, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624180/effect-of-implementation-of-a-smoke-free-policy-on-physical-violence-in-a-psychiatric-inpatient-setting-an-interrupted-time-series-analysis
#4
Debbie Robson, Gilda Spaducci, Ann McNeill, Duncan Stewart, Tom J K Craig, Mary Yates, Lisa Szatkowski
BACKGROUND: Smoke-free policies are important to protect health and reduce health inequalities. A major barrier to policy implementation in psychiatric hospitals is staff concern that physical violence will increase. We aimed to assess the effect of implementing a comprehensive smoke-free policy on rates of physical assaults in a large UK mental health organisation. METHODS: We did an interrupted time series analysis of incident reports of physical assault 30 months before and 12 months after the implementation of the policy in the inpatient wards of South London and Maudsley National Health Service Foundation Trust, London, UK...
June 14, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620931/assault-at-the-workplace-in-147-patients-resulting-in-cochleovestibular-dysfunction
#5
Ophir Ilan, Mohammed Iqbal Syed, Eitan Aziza, David D Pothier, John A Rutka
Assault and violence at the workplace although uncommon are occupational health and safety hazards. Although there is no paucity of literature on cochleovestibular dysfunction after head injuries, there is little published on cochleovestibular dysfunction as a consequence of assault at the workplace. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 16, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620334/longitudinal-relationship-between-self-efficacy-and-posttraumatic-stress-symptoms-8-years-after-a-violent-assault-an-autoregressive-cross-lagged-model
#6
Egil Nygaard, Venke A Johansen, Johan Siqveland, Ajmal Hussain, Trond Heir
Self-efficacy is assumed to promote posttraumatic adaption, and several cross-sectional studies support this notion. However, there is a lack of prospective longitudinal studies to further illuminate the temporal relationship between self-efficacy and posttraumatic stress symptoms. Thus, an important unresolved research question is whether posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms affect the level of self-efficacy or vice versa or whether they mutually influence each other. The present prospective longitudinal study investigated the reciprocal relationship between general self-efficacy (GSE) and posttraumatic stress symptoms in 143 physical assault victims...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620093/increased-interleukin-35-levels-in-patients-with-type-1-diabetes-with-remaining-c-peptide
#7
Daniel Espes, Kailash Singh, Stellan Sandler, Per-Ola Carlsson
OBJECTIVE: Many patients with long-standing type 1 diabetes have remaining functional β-cells. This study investigated immunological differences between patients with or without measurable remaining endogenous insulin production after ≥10 years duration of disease. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Patients (n = 113; ≥18 years of age) with type 1 diabetes and with disease duration of ≥10 years were recruited at Uppsala University Hospital. Residual β-cell function was determined with an ultrasensitive C-peptide ELISA...
June 15, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619109/type-ii-crispr-cas9-approach-in-the-oncological-therapy
#8
REVIEW
A Biagioni, A Chillà, E Andreucci, A Laurenzana, F Margheri, S Peppicelli, M Del Rosso, G Fibbi
CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats) is a prokaryotic adaptable immune mechanism used by many bacteria and archaea to protect themselves from foreign nucleic acids. This complex system can recognize and cut non-self DNA in order to provide the prokaryotic organisms a strong defense against foreign viral or plasmid attacks and make the cell immune from further assaults. Today, it has been adapted to be used in vitro and in vivo in eukaryotic cells to perform a complete and highly selective gene knockout or a specific gene editing...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618349/management-of-parotid-duct-injury-secondary-to-cow-horn-in-a-developing-country
#9
Hady Tall, Charles Edouard Molinier, Ahmed Alshamsi, El Hadj Malick Diop, Bernard Fraysse
Stensen duct injury has been reported in the medical literature following penetrating injuries of the cheek or by exeresis of tumors of the cheek or of the oral mucosa. This type of physical trauma often arises from injuries as a result being assaulted (e.g. with knife) or from road accidents. The complexity of the damage to the anatomical structures and the causative agent sometimes makes the diagnosis difficult. We report on a clinical case of managemenent Stensen duct injury secondary of goring by a cow horn...
May 31, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618290/defining-trauma-in-complex-care-management-safety-net-providers-perspectives-on-structural-vulnerability-and-time
#10
Ariana Thompson-Lastad, Irene H Yen, Mark D Fleming, Meredith Van Natta, Sara Rubin, Janet K Shim, Nancy J Burke
In this paper, we delineate how staff of two complex care management (CCM) programs in urban safety net hospitals in the United States understand trauma. We seek to (1) describe how staff in CCM programs talk about trauma in their patients' lives; (2) discuss how trauma concepts allow staff to understand patients' symptoms, health-related behaviors, and responses to care as results of structural conditions; and (3) delineate the mismatch between long-term needs of patients with histories of trauma and the short-term interventions that CCM programs provide...
June 12, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617101/facial-emotion-identification-and-sexual-assault-risk-detection-among-college-student-sexual-assault-victims-and-non-victims
#11
Alexander J Melkonian, Lindsay S Ham, Ana J Bridges, Jessica L Fugitt
OBJECTIVE: High rates of sexual victimization among college students necessitate further study of factors associated with sexual assault risk detection. The present study examined how social information processing relates to sexual assault risk detection as a function of sexual assault victimization history. PARTICIPANTS: 225 undergraduates (Mage = 19.12, SD = 1.44; 66% women). METHODS: Participants completed an online questionnaire assessing victimization history, an emotion identification task, and a sexual assault risk detection task between June 2013 and May 2014...
June 15, 2017: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610778/a-comparison-between-non-powder-gun-and-powder-gun-injuries-in-a-young-pediatric-population
#12
Jennifer J Freeman, Marielena Bachier-Rodriguez, Jessica Staszak, Alexander Feliz
INTRODUCTION: Non-powder guns (NPG) are viewed as toys for children by the general public. Literature on firearm injuries in the pediatric population is increasing, however there are still large gaps in the published literature regarding NPG. We intended to identify and compare the epidemiology, circumstances of injury and outcomes of children with NPG versus powder-gun injuries (GSW). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We performed a 6-year retrospective analysis of children 0-14 years old treated for NPG and GSW injuries at our level one pediatric trauma center...
May 29, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607825/cranioplasty-indications-procedures-and-outcome-an-institutional-experience
#13
Syed M Andrabi, Arif H Sarmast, Altaf R Kirmani, Abdul R Bhat
BACKGROUND: Cranioplasty, the repair of a skull vault defect by insertion of an object (bone or nonbiological materials such as metal or plastic plates), is a well-known procedure in modern neurosurgery. Brain protection and cosmetic aspects are the major indications of cranioplasty. A retroprospective study was conducted for evaluating the indications, materials used, complications, and outcome of cranioplasty. METHODS: This study was prospective from August 2013 to September 2015 and retrospective from August 2010 to July 2013...
2017: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606439/the-epidemiological-analysis-of-maxillofacial-fractures-in-italy-the-experience-of-a-single-tertiary-center-with-1720-patients
#14
Paola Bonavolontà, Giovanni Dell'aversana Orabona, Vincenzo Abbate, Luigi Angelo Vaira, Carmelo Lo Faro, Marzia Petrocelli, Federica Attanasi, Giacomo De Riu, Giorgio Iaconetta, Luigi Califano
PURPOSE: Maxillofacial fractures represent a serious public health problem. Their epidemiology is extremely variable, and its analysis is crucial to establish effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. However only two works have been published about maxillofacial fracture epidemiology in Italy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The records of 1720 patients diagnosed with maxillofacial fractures in a 15-years period (2001-2015) in our department were retrospectively reviewed...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605652/screening-and-confirmation-of-microrna-markers-for-distinguishing-between-menstrual-and-peripheral-blood
#15
Zhilong Li, Peng Bai, Duo Peng, Hui Wang, Yadong Guo, Youjing Jiang, Wang He, Huan Tian, Yu Yang, Yuan Huang, Bing Long, Weibo Liang, Lin Zhang
The identification of menstrual blood (MB) and peripheral blood (PB) left at a crime scene is crucial for crime reconstruction, especially in sexual assaults. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), a class of non-protein coding molecules, have been demonstrated to be a viable tool for body fluid identification in forensic casework. Several groups have searched for miRNAs that are specific to different body fluids. Blood has been studied the most extensively. However, menstrual blood was only involved in five studies, and the results confirming the presence of specific miRNAs could not be reproduced in other studies...
June 3, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605228/sexual-assault-and-hiv-postexposure-prophylaxis-at-an-urban-african-hospital
#16
Eric Munene Muriuki, Joshua Kimani, Zipporah Machuki, James Kiarie, Alison C Roxby
Antiretroviral postexposure prophylaxis (PEP) may be underutilized in sexual assault cases in Kenya. This study evaluated the characteristics of survivors of sexual violence attending the Gender-Based Violence Recovery Center (GBVRC) at the Kenyatta National Hospital and reviewed the uptake, adherence, and outcomes of those initiated on PEP. In a retrospective cohort, data from charts of the assaulted seen at the GBVRC from 2009 to 2012 were abstracted. Data were collected describing sociodemographic characteristics, nature of sexual assault, HIV serostatus, and aspects of the PEP care cascade...
June 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604325/characteristics-and-outcomes-of-gunshot-acquired-spinal-cord-injury-in-south-africa
#17
Conran Joseph
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord injuries (SCIs) caused by assault present a unique challenge facing the healthcare system, in that very little is known about how these injuries manifest compared with other causes of injury. Understanding the nuances of gunshot SCIs could contribute towards better care provision. OBJECTIVE: To determine the characteristics of gunshot SCI and compare both injury characteristics and outcomes between gunshot SCI and all other traumatic causes taken together...
May 24, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602858/verbal-abuse-and-physical-assault-in-the-emergency-department-rates-of-violence-perceptions-of-safety-and-attitudes-towards-security
#18
Bradley Partridge, Julia Affleck
INTRODUCTION: Emergency Department (ED) workers are prone to occupational violence, however the extent and impact of this may not be evenly felt across all roles in the ED. AIMS: Explore: 1) the rate of verbal abuse and physical assaults experienced by ED staff, 2) perceptions of safety, 3) attitudes towards security officers, and 4) formal reporting of incidents. METHODS: 330 ED workers were surveyed at four public hospitals in one metropolitan health service district in Queensland, Australia, including 179 nurses, 83 medical staff, 44 administration staff, 14 allied health, and 9 operational...
June 8, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602470/further-evidence-for-ghb-naturally-occurring-in-common-non-alcoholic-beverages
#19
Simon P Elliott, Paolo Fais
GHB has been implicated in many cases of suspected surreptitious administration with the purpose of increasing victim vulnerability to sexual assault. Low amounts of endogenous (or naturally occurring) GHB, which do not reach pharmacologically active levels, have been detected in alcoholic and non-alcoholic beverages. Due to the continued requirement to obtain data on the presence of endogenous GHB in various beverage types, GHB concentrations were measured in a series of non-alcoholic beverages. Tonic water and lemon flavoured tonic water beverages were analysed at 0, 24 and 96h after the bottle opening using gas chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (GC-MS/MS) on an Agilent 6890/7000C Triple Quadrupole...
May 20, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601422/exposure-to-surgery-and-anesthesia-after-concussion-due-to-mild-traumatic-brain-injury
#20
Arnoley S Abcejo, Rodolfo Savica, William L Lanier, Jeffrey J Pasternak
OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of surgical and anesthetic procedures in patients recently diagnosed as having a concussion due to mild traumatic brain injury. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Study patients presented to a tertiary care center after a concussion due to mild traumatic brain injury from July 1, 2005, through June 30, 2015, and underwent a surgical procedure and anesthesia support under the direct or indirect care of a physician anesthesiologist. RESULTS: During the study period, 1038 patients met all the study inclusion criteria and subsequently received 1820 anesthetics...
June 7, 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
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