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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543914/the-effectiveness-of-an-intervention-to-reduce-alcohol-related-violence-in-premises-licensed-for-the-sale-and-on-site-and-consumption-of-alcohol-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Simon C Moore, M Fasihul Alam, Marjukka Heikkinen, Kerenza Hood, Chao Huang, Laurence Moore, Simon Murphy, Rebecca Playle, Jonathan Shepherd, Claire Shovelton, Vaseekaran Sivarajasingam, Anne Williams
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Premises licensed for the sale and consumption of alcohol can contribute to levels of assault-related injury through poor operational practices that, if addressed, could reduce violence. We tested the real-world effectiveness of an intervention designed to change premises operation, whether any intervention effect changed over time, the effect of intervention dose and cost effectiveness of the intervention. DESIGN: A parallel randomised controlled trial with the unit of allocation and outcomes measured at the level of individual premises...
May 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541974/newscap-12-to-34-year-olds-have-the-highest-rate-of-being-sexually-assaulted
#2
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2017: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540393/computed-tomography-scans-of-the-head-for-adult-patients-with-minor-head-injury-are-clinical-decision-rules-a-necessary-evil
#3
Desmond Wei Tan, Annabelle Mei En Lim, Daniel Yuxuan Ong, Li Lee Peng, Yiong Huak Chan, Irwani Ibrahim, Win Sen Kuan
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to evaluate compliance with and performance of the Canadian Computed Tomography Head Rule (CCHR), and its applicability in the local adult population with minor head injury. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective study of consecutive patients who presented to the adult emergency department (ED) with minor head injury over six months. Data on predictor variables indicated in the CCHR was collected and compliance with the CCHR assessed by comparing the recommendations for head computed tomography (CT) scans to its actual usage...
May 25, 2017: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538460/transforming-care-for-victims-of-violence
#4
Anne C Boatright
In this month's Magnet® Perspectives column, Anne Boatright, MSN, RN, SANE, describes her efforts to develop a comprehensive forensic nursing program at Methodist Hospital in Omaha. Ms Boatright transformed a sexual assault nurse examiner (SANE) program into one that provides 24/7 coverage at Methodist's 2 SANE locations and cares not only for victims of sexual assault but also for the victims domestic violence, sex trafficking, strangulation, elder abuse, and neglect. Her work extends beyond the walls of Methodist to the community, where she serves as a core member of the Nebraska Human Trafficking Task Force...
June 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538377/time-distribution-of-injury-related-in-hospital-mortality-in-a-trauma-referral-center-in-south-of-iran-2010-2015
#5
Hamidreza Abbasi, Shahram Bolandparvaz, Mahnaz Yadollahi, Mehrdad Anvar, Zahra Farahgol
In Iran, there are no studies addressing trauma death timing and factors affecting time of death after injuries. This study aimed to examine time distribution of trauma deaths in an urban major trauma referral center with respect to victims' injury characteristics during 2010 to 2015.This was a cross-sectional study of adult trauma-related in-hospital deaths resulting from traffic-related accidents, falls, and violence-related injuries. Information on injury characteristics and time interval between admission and death was extracted from 3 hospital databases...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537201/capturing-sexual-assault-data
#6
S Aqif Mukhtar, Debbie A Smith, Maureen A Phillips, Maire C Kelly, Renate R Zilkens, James B Semmens
BACKGROUND: The Sexual Assault Resource Center (SARC) in Perth, Western Australia provides free 24-hour medical, forensic, and counseling services to persons aged over 13 years following sexual assault. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this research was to design a data management system that maintains accurate quality information on all sexual assault cases referred to SARC, facilitating audit and peer-reviewed research. METHODS: The work to develop SARC Medical Services Clinical Information System (SARC-MSCIS) took place during 2007-2009 as a collaboration between SARC and Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia...
January 1, 2017: HIM Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536190/pediatric-firearm-related-injuries-in-the-united-states
#7
REVIEW
Kavita Parikh, Alyssa Silver, Shilpa J Patel, Sabah F Iqbal, Monika Goyal
Pediatric firearm-related deaths and injuries are a national public health crisis. In this Special Review Article, we characterize the epidemiology of firearm-related injuries in the United States and discuss public health programs, the role of pediatricians, and legislative efforts to address this health crisis. Firearm-related injuries are leading causes of unintentional injury deaths in children and adolescents. Children are more likely to be victims of unintentional injuries, the majority of which occur in the home, and adolescents are more likely to suffer from intentional injuries due to either assault or suicide attempts...
May 23, 2017: Hospital Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535713/the-relationship-between-shiftwork-and-violence-against-nurses-a-case-control-study
#8
Steve Sun, Susan Goodwin Gerberich, Andrew D Ryan
This study investigated the potential relationship between shiftwork and work-related physical assault (PA) against nurses who are at high risk of violence globally. Nurses (6,300), randomly selected from the licensing database and working in Minnesota, were surveyed regarding PA experiences. Through a nested case-control study, nurses who reported a PA in the previous 12 months and controls who were randomly selected from their assault-free working months, respectively, identified exposures experienced during the month prior to the assault month (cases) and the random non-PA months (controls)...
May 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534243/elevated-prevalence-of-suicide-attempts-among-victims-of-police-violence-in-the-usa
#9
Jordan E DeVylder, Jodi J Frey, Courtney D Cogburn, Holly C Wilcox, Tanya L Sharpe, Hans Y Oh, Boyoung Nam, Bruce G Link
Recent evidence suggests that police victimization is widespread in the USA and psychologically impactful. We hypothesized that civilian-reported police victimization, particularly assaultive victimization (i.e., physical/sexual), would be associated with a greater prevalence of suicide attempts and suicidal ideation. Data were drawn from the Survey of Police-Public Encounters, a population-based survey of adults (N = 1615) residing in four US cities. Surveys assessed lifetime exposure to police victimization based on the World Health Organization domains of violence (i...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Urban Health: Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533730/forensic-odontology-the-new-dimension-in-dental-analysis
#10
K P Divakar
Forensic Odontology a branch of Forensic sciences uses the skill of the dentist in personal identification during mass calamities, sexual assault and child abuse to name a few. This branch not stranger to many has been growing tenfold in its potential and its ability to bring the forlorn to justice where a dental remains is the only available evidence. It's role and importance in the judiciary is fast growing and hence in depth knowledge in this field seems more than justified.
March 2017: International Journal of Biomedical Science: IJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529389/effects-of-greening-and-community-reuse-of-vacant-lots-on-crime
#11
Michelle Kondo, Bernadette Hohl, SeungHoon Han, Charles Branas
The Youngstown Neighborhood Development Corporation initiated a 'Lots of Green' programme to reuse vacant land in 2010. We performed a difference-in-differences analysis of the effects of this programme on crime in and around newly treated lots, in comparison to crimes in and around randomly selected and matched, untreated vacant lot controls. The effects of two types of vacant lot treatments on crime were tested: a cleaning and greening 'stabilisation' treatment and a 'community reuse' treatment mostly involving community gardens...
November 2016: Urban Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528127/determining-the-effectiveness-of-an-elder-abuse-nurse-examiner-curriculum-a-pilot-study
#12
Janice Du Mont, Daisy Kosa, Rebecca Yang, Shirley Solomon, Sheila Macdonald
OBJECTIVES: To pilot and evaluate a novel Elder Abuse Nurse Examiner Curriculum and its associated training materials for their efficacy in improving Sexual Assault Nurse Examiner (SANE)s' knowledge of elder abuse and competence in delivering care to abused older adults. METHODS: Pilot training was held with 18 SANEs from across Ontario, Canada. A 52-item pre- and post-training questionnaire was administered that assessed participants' self-reported knowledge and perceived skills-based competence related to elder abuse care...
May 6, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527983/when-a-death-apparently-associated-to-sexual-assault-is-instead-a-natural-death-due-to-idiopathic-hypereosinophilic-syndrome-the-importance-of-gamma-hydroxybutyric-acid-analysis-in-vitreous-humor
#13
Francesco Paolo Busardò, Francesca Portelli, Angelo Montana, Maria Concetta Rotolo, Simona Pichini, Emiliano Maresi
We here report a case involving a 21-year-old female, found dead in a central square of a city in the south of Italy. Initial evidences and circumstances were suggestive of a death associated with a sexual assault. Two peripheral blood and two vitreous humor samples were collected for the purpose of gamma-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) testing from the dead body at two different post-mortem intervals (PMIs): approximately 2 (t0) and 36 (t1) hours. The obtained results showed that, between t0 and t1, there was an increase of GHB concentrations in peripheral blood and vitreous humor of 66...
April 11, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526372/the-impact-of-drinking-age-laws-on-perpetration-of-sexual-assault-crimes-in-canada-2009-2013
#14
Jodi M Gatley, Marcos Sanches, Claire Benny, Samantha Wells, Russell C Callaghan
PURPOSE: Sexual-assault crimes, primarily perpetrated by males against female victims, impose a substantial burden on societies worldwide, especially on youth. Given that approximately half of all sexual assaults involve alcohol consumption by the perpetrator or victim, it is reasonable to expect that minimum legal drinking age (MLDA) restrictions might have an effect on sexual-assault patterns. Canadian MLDA laws are 18 years in Quebec, Alberta, and Manitoba (MLDA-18), and 19 years in the rest of the country (MLDA-19)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526371/the-psychosocial-needs-of-adolescent-males-following-interpersonal-assault
#15
Rachel K Myers, Laura Vega, Alison J Culyba, Joel A Fein
PURPOSE: We examined the self-identified, postassault psychosocial needs of male adolescents to guide recovery and healing after being seen in an emergency department (ED) for a violence-related injury. METHODS: We analyzed deidentified data from 49 adolescent male adolescents who participated in a postdischarge case management program following a violence-related injury. Descriptive statistics summarized youths' demographic characteristics and self-identified needs and goals for postassault recovery...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525435/anogenital-and-physical-injuries-in-adolescent-sexual-assault-patients-the-role-of-victim-offender-relationship-alcohol-use-and-memory-impairment
#16
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525434/adult-and-adolescent-sexual-assault-patients-in-the-emergency-care-setting
#17
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525431/knowledge-attitudes-and-beliefs-of-prenursing-and-nursing-students-about-sexual-assault
#18
Judith L Strunk
Sexual assault has been identified as a major public health problem in the United States, yet little research has been done regarding nursing students' knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault. Lack of knowledge, or victim-blaming attitudes held by healthcare providers can be problematic for the care of the sexual assault victim, leaving them feeling upset and distressed after the healthcare encounter. Prenursing and nursing students were surveyed about their knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about sexual assault...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525430/qualitative-analysis-of-prosecutors-perspectives-on-sexual-assault-nurse-examiners-and-the-criminal-justice-response-to-sexual-assault
#19
Thaddeus Schmitt, Theodore P Cross, Megan Alderden
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to understand prosecutors' perspectives on the contribution of Sexual Assault Nurse Examiners (SANEs) to evidence collection and trials in sexual assault cases. BACKGROUND: Several studies have suggested that a sexual assault case is more likely to progress in the criminal justice system when a SANE conducts the forensic medical examination. However, little is known about how prosecutors perceive SANEs and what they value about SANEs versus other medical professionals...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525429/anogenital-and-physical-injuries-in-adolescent-sexual-assault-patients-the-role-of-victim-offender-relationship-alcohol-use-and-memory-impairment
#20
Hannah Feeney, Danielle Chiaramonte, Rebecca Campbell, Megan R Greeson, Giannina Fehler-Cabral
Prior research has documented high rates of anogenital and physical injuries among adolescent sexual assault patients. Although a number of factors related to rates of injury detection in adolescents have been identified, there may be additional features of the assault that are disclosed in the patient history that could be important indicators of injury risk. The purpose of the current study was to expand this literature by examining whether factors that are salient in sexual assaults committed against adolescents-victim-offender relationship, substance use, and memory impairment-are associated with documented anogenital and physical injury rates...
April 2017: Journal of Forensic Nursing
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