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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916875/traumatic-injuries-to-the-pregnant-patient-a-critical-literature-review
#1
REVIEW
P Petrone, P Jiménez-Morillas, A Axelrad, C P Marini
INTRODUCTION: Trauma during pregnancy is the leading non-obstetrical cause of maternal death and a significant public health burden. This study reviews the most common causes of trauma during pregnancy, morbidity, and mortality, and the impact upon perinatal outcomes associated with trauma, providing a management approach to pregnant trauma patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review of the current literature from January 2006 to July 2016 was performed...
September 15, 2017: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910472/a-descriptive-analysis-of-occupational-fatalities-due-to-felonious-assault-among-u-s-law-enforcement-officers-during-tactical-incidents-1996-2014
#2
Moriah S Thompson, Tyler M Hartman, Matthew D Sztajnkrycer
INTRODUCTION: Little is known about occupational fatalities among tactical officers. A greater understanding of such injuries is needed to improve officer safety. The purpose of this study was to provide a descriptive analysis of line-of-duty deaths secondary to felonious assault during tactical incidents. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was performed of open-source de-identified Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reporting Law Enforcement Officers Killed and Assaulted (LEOKA) data inclusive of the years 1996-2014...
2017: Journal of Special Operations Medicine: a Peer Reviewed Journal for SOF Medical Professionals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906037/patterns-of-smoking-and-unhealthy-alcohol-use-following-sexual-trauma-among-u-s-service-members
#3
Amber D Seelig, Anna C Rivera, Teresa M Powell, Emily C Williams, Arthur V Peterson, Alyson J Littman, Charles Maynard, Amy E Street, Jonathan B Bricker, Edward J Boyko
In the first known longitudinal study of the topic, we examined whether experiencing sexual assault or sexual harassment while in the military was associated with increased risk for subsequent unhealthy alcohol use and smoking among U.S. service members in the Millennium Cohort Study (2001-2012). Adjusted complementary log-log models were fit to estimate the relative risk of (a) smoking relapse among former smokers (men: n = 4,610; women: n = 1,453); (b) initiation of unhealthy alcohol use (problem drinking and/or drinking over recommended limits) among those with no known history of unhealthy alcohol use (men: n = 8,459; women: n = 4,816); and (c) relapse among those previously reporting unhealthy alcohol use (men: n = 3,487; women: n = 1,318)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905687/victimisation-and-life-satisfaction-of-gay-and-bisexual-individuals-in-44-european-countries-the-moderating-role-of-country-level-and-person-level-attitudes-towards-homosexuality
#4
Paraskevas Petrou, Richard Lemke
We examined the link between victimisation and life satisfaction for 85,301 gay and bisexual individuals across 44 European countries. We expected this negative link to be stronger when the internalised homonegativity of the victim was high (e.g. because the victim is more vulnerable) and weaker when victimisation occurs in countries that express intolerance towards homosexuality (e.g. because in such contexts victims expect victimisation more and they attribute it to their external environment). Additionally, we expected internalised homonegativity to relate negatively to life satisfaction...
September 14, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903713/is-it-a-dangerous-world-out-there-the-motivational-bases-of-american-gun-ownership
#5
Wolfgang Stroebe, N Pontus Leander, Arie W Kruglanski
Americans are the world's best armed citizens and public polling suggests protection/self-defense is their main reason for gun ownership. However, there is virtually no psychological research on gun ownership. The present article develops the first psychological process model of defensive gun ownership-specifically, a two-component model that considers both the antecedents and consequences of owning a gun for protection/self-defense. We demonstrate that different levels of threat construal-the specific perceived threat of assault and a diffuse threat of a dangerous world-independently predict handgun ownership; we also show how utility judgments can explain the motivated reasoning that drives beliefs about gun rights...
August 2017: Personality & Social Psychology Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899214/assaulted-and-unheard-violence-against-health-care-staff
#6
James T Brophy, Margaret M Keith, Michael Hurley
Health-care workers regularly face the risk of violent physical, sexual, and verbal assault from their patients. To explore this phenomenon, a collaborative descriptive qualitative study was undertaken by university-affiliated researchers and a union council representing registered practical nurses, personal support workers, and other health-care staff in Ontario, Canada. A total of fifty-four health-care workers from diverse communities were consulted about their experiences and ideas. They described violence-related physical, psychological, interpersonal, and financial effects...
January 1, 2017: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899210/competitive-action-video-game-players-display-rightward-error-bias-during-on-line-video-game-play
#7
Andrew J Roebuck, Aurora J B Dubnyk, David Cochran, Regan L Mandryk, John G Howland, Victoria Harms
Research in asymmetrical visuospatial attention has identified a leftward bias in the general population across a variety of measures including visual attention and line-bisection tasks. In addition, increases in rightward collisions, or bumping, during visuospatial navigation tasks have been demonstrated in real world and virtual environments. However, little research has investigated these biases beyond the laboratory. The present study uses a semi-naturalistic approach and the online video game streaming service Twitch to examine navigational errors and assaults as skilled action video game players (n = 60) compete in Counter Strike: Global Offensive...
September 12, 2017: Laterality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895801/prevalence-of-sexual-assault-victimization-among-college-men-aged-18-24-a-review
#8
R Lane Forsman
PURPOSE: The current review provides summary and evaluation of prevalence data for the sexual victimization of college men ages 18 - 24. METHODS: Potential studies were selected by searching electronic bibliographic databases. Studies were initially selected for inclusion if they (1) assessed prevalence rates of sexual victimization on college campuses and (2) were published in a scholarly journal (3) in the English language. Utilizing this strategy, 3,973 studies were initially identified, of which 5 underwent complete review...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Evidence-informed Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893406/legal-access-to-alcohol-and-criminality
#9
Benjamin Hansen, Glen R Waddell
Previous research has found strong evidence that legal access to alcohol is associated with sizable increases in criminality. We revisit this relationship using the census of judicial records on criminal charges filed in Oregon Courts, the ability to separately track crimes involving firearms, and to track individuals over time. We find that crime increases at age 21, with increases mostly due to assaults that lack premeditation, and alcohol-related nuisance crimes. We find no evident increases in rape or robbery...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Health Economics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880678/assault-related-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-expectations-of-injury-outcome-and-the-effect-of-different-perpetrators-a-vignette-study
#10
Karen A Sullivan, Christina Wade
Few studies have examined the effect of varying the assault perpetrator on expectations of outcome from mild TBI. Using a cross sectional between groups design, individuals with no history of mild TBI were randomly allocated to one of two vignette conditions. The vignette depicted a mild TBI with fixed injury parameters and a different assault perpetrator (partner, n = 27; or stranger, n = 27). The participants were instructed to imagine that they had been injured as per the depiction, and then to anticipate the injury consequences 6-months later...
September 7, 2017: Applied Neuropsychology. Adult
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880395/predictors-of-depressive-symptoms-among-psychiatric-nurses-who-suffered-from-workplace-violence
#11
Hsiu-Fen Hsieh, Hsiu-Hung Wang, Shu-Hua Shen, Yu-Chi Li
AIMS: We examined the possible factors that contributed to or prevented developing depressive symptoms among psychiatric nurses who suffered from workplace violence under Hill's ABC-X Model. BACKGROUND: Workplace violence-related depressive symptoms are some of the major causes leading to impaired quality of life of victims and a heavy burden on society. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional and correlational study. METHOD: All participants were recruited from psychiatric wards of six hospitals in Taiwan...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875887/the-spectrum-and-outcome-of-paediatric-traumatic-brain-injury-in-kwazulu-natal-province-south-africa-has-not-changed-over-the-last-two-decades
#12
J J P Buitendag, V Y Kong, J L Bruce, G L Laing, D L Clarke, P Brysiewicz
OBJECTIVES: This retrospective review of a prospectively entered and maintained hybrid electronic trauma registry was intended to develop a comprehensive overview of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in children and adolescents and to compare it with previous audits from our local environment and from other developing world centres. All TBI patients admitted to hospital were included in this study. We reviewed the age, gender, outcomes, radiological findings and treatment of the patients. METHODS: All patients aged ≤18 years old who were admitted by the Pietermaritzburg Metropolitan Trauma Service (PMTS) with TBI between December 2012 and December 2016 were included in this audit...
August 25, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875614/post-traumatic-cognition-mediates-the-relationship-between-a-history-of-sexual-abuse-and-the-post-traumatic-stress-symptoms-in-sexual-assault-victims
#13
Kyoung Min Shin, Young Ki Chung, Yee Jin Shin, Miran Kim, Nam Hee Kim, Kyoung Ah Kim, Hanbyul Lee, Hyoung Yoon Chang
More than half of all sexual assault victims report experiencing sexual victimization more than once. The aim of this paper was to determine the role post-traumatic cognition plays in the relationship between a history of sexual abuse and post-traumatic stress symptoms in sexual assault victims. The relationship between a history of sexual assault and the severity of post-traumatic stress symptoms was investigated retrospectively using data from a sexual assault crisis center in Korea. Data on psychological symptoms were collected in person at the initial assessment and by telephone 1 month later using the Post-traumatic Cognitions Inventory and the Post-traumatic Stress Disorder Symptoms Scale: Self-report Version...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875612/trends-in-testicular-injury-in-korea-1986-2015
#14
Sang Hyub Lee, Dong Gi Lee, Seung Kwon Choi, Taesoo Choi, Koo Han Yoo
The objectives of this study were to investigate patients treated for scrotal trauma at our institute for the last three decades to describe our experience with an emphasis on the etiologies and ultrasonographic findings in these patients. We reviewed medical records of patients who underwent scrotal ultrasonography for evaluation of testicular trauma at our institutes from 1986 to 2015. Trends regarding the etiology of scrotal trauma were evaluated during each decade. The echo pattern and contour definition of the testicular parenchyma and the pattern of hematoma development were recorded to evaluate radiographic findings of testicular injury...
October 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874106/an-opportunity-view-of-child-sexual-offending-investigating-nonpersuasion-and-circumstances-of-offending-through-criminological-lens
#15
Benoit Leclerc, Jean Proulx
The empirical evidence indicating that sexual offenders against children manipulate their victims to participate in sexual activities dominates the literature on sex offenders and their modus operandi. However, recent evidence suggests that a high proportion of these offenders do not try to persuade their victims for sexual contact in the first place by using coercion or manipulation but simply assault them when an opportunity arises. Using self-reported data from a sample of incarcerated adult sexual offenders against children, we investigate whether sexual offenses against children committed by the use of nonpersuasion are characterized by little planning and by offense features that are indicative of opportunistic offending...
September 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873251/imported-fire-ant-envenomation-a-clinicopathologic-study-of-a-recognizable-form-of-arthropod-assault-reaction
#16
Gabriel Villada, Farhaan Hafeez, Jose Ollague, Carlos H Nousari, George W Elgart
BACKGROUND: Skin reactions to the sting of the imported fire ant have characteristic clinicopathological features. METHODS: One case of experimental envenomation was prospectively followed during 48 hours, with biopsies. In addition, six cases from our laboratory were retrospectively evaluated histopathologically for the following features: spongiosis, exocytosis (and type of cells), pustule formation, erosion/ulceration, epidermal necrosis, scale/crust, papillary dermal edema, inflammatory dermal infiltrate (cell type, density, depth, distribution, shape), red blood cell extravasation, vasculopathy, vasculitis...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872933/improving-the-asthma-disparity-gap-with-legal-advocacy-a-qualitative-study-of-patient-identified-challenges-to-improve-social-and-environmental-factors-that-contribute-to-poorly-controlled-asthma
#17
Drew A Harris, Anne Mainardi, Osatohamwen Iyamu, Marjorie S Rosenthal, R Douglas Bruce, Margaret A Pisani, Carrie A Redlich
OBJECTIVE: To identify challenges disadvantaged adults with asthma face in mitigating social and environmental factors associated with poor symptom control. METHODS: Using a community-engaged approach, we partnered with a community health center in New Haven, CT to conduct in-person interviews and a written survey of asthmatic adults with poor symptom control. Using the constant comparative method, we analyzed participant interviews to establish emerging themes and identify common barriers to improved outcomes...
September 5, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871846/traits-of-vulnerability-in-repetitive-sexual-assaults-of-mentally-disabled-people
#18
Elmas Shaqiri, Granit Shahu, Bledar Xhemali, Gentian Vyshka
The issue of sexual abuse, assault, rape and unwanted pregnancies among mentally disabled women is largely under-reported for many reasons. Several myths prevail including that mentally disabled women offer little interest to sexual predators, together with a negative public attitude and this contributes to the problem. We report the case of a single centre in Albania, where repetitive sexual assaults were perpetrated against three mentally disabled women. Three unwanted pregnancies followed. The issue gained public attention after three criminal abortions were performed secretly with the aim of covering up the story...
January 1, 2017: Medico-legal Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870721/factors-associated-with-severity-of-irritable-bowel-syndrome-symptoms-in-patients-with-endometriosis
#19
Caroline E Lee, Paul J Yong, Christina Williams, Catherine Allaire
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to examine factors associated with severity of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) by using the Birmingham IBS symptom scale in patients presenting with endometriosis to a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: A prospective research cohort of patients presenting to a tertiary referral centre for endometriosis was evaluated for the presence and severity of IBS between December 2013 and April 2015. Patients with endometriosis had a diagnosis of IBS by using the Rome III criteria and were evaluated for severity of IBS symptoms by using the Birmingham IBS symptom scale...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870621/is-weather-related-to-the-number-of-assaults-seen-at-emergency-departments
#20
D J Lemon, R Partridge
BACKGROUND: It is often suggested that the weather can effect behaviour, increasing the likelihood of assaults and resulting in increased admissions to emergency departments (ED). Therefor a better understanding of the effect of climatic conditions could be useful to help EDs in capacity planning. Whilst other studies have looked at this, none have used data collected specifically to look at ED attendance for assaults or have taken account of potential behaviour modifiers. METHODS: We use data from our ED violence surveillance system, the Cardiff Model (CM), married to daily meteorological data to construct negative-binomial regression models...
August 24, 2017: Injury
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