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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738083/the-influence-of-sex-and-trauma-impact-on-the-rupture-site-of-the-ulnar-collateral-ligament-of-the-thumb
#1
Sandra Boesmueller, Wolfgang Huf, Gregor Rettl, Falko Dahm, Alexander Meznik, Gabriela Muschitz, Hugo Kitzinger, Adam Bukaty, Christian Fialka, Martin Vierhapper
PURPOSE AND HYPOTHESIS: Although sex- and gender-specific analyses have been gaining more attention during the last years they have rarely been performed in orthopaedic literature. The primary purpose of this study was to investigate whether for injuries of the UCL the specific location of the rupture is influenced by sex. A secondary study question addressed the sex-independent effect of trauma intensity on the rupture site of the UCL. METHODS: This study is a retrospective analysis of all patients with either a proximal or distal bony avulsion or with a mid-substance tear or ligament avulsion of the UCL treated surgically between 1992 and 2015 at two level-I trauma centres...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729199/violent-firearm-related-conflicts-among-high-risk-youth-an-event-level-and-daily-calendar-analysis
#2
Patrick M Carter, Maureen A Walton, Jason Goldstick, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Marc A Zimmerman, Melissa C Mercado, Amanda Garcia Williams, Rebecca M Cunningham
Firearm homicide is the leading cause of violence-related youth mortality. To inform prevention efforts, we analyzed event-level data to identify unique precursors to firearm conflicts. Youth (ages:14-24) seeking Emergency Department (ED) treatment for assault or for other reasons and reporting past 6-month drug use were enrolled in a 2-year longitudinal study. Time-line follow-back substance use/aggression modules were administered at baseline and each 6-month follow-up. Violent non-partner conflicts were combined across time-points...
July 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725861/pursuing-humanistic-medicine-in-a-technological-age
#3
Stephen Bertman
The humanistic practice of medicine requires that the practitioner have sufficient time and appropriate focus. Both elements, however, are under assault by the high-speed, distraction-filled environment within which primary care is delivered today. Despite or perhaps because of modern medicine's technological advances, the potentially healing bond between doctor and patient is being frayed and the quality of care consequently degraded.
June 2017: Journal of patient experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724022/-characteristics-of-sexual-violence-against-adolescent-and-adult-women-reported-by-the-public-health-services-in-santa-catarina-state-brazil
#4
Carmem Regina Delziovo, Carolina Carvalho Bolsoni, Nazaré Otília Nazário, Elza Berger Salema Coelho
Sexual violence against women is a form of gender violence and both a severe human rights violation and public health problem. This ecological, descriptive, and temporal series study aims to analyze sexual violence against pre-adolescent, adolescent, and adult females in Santa Catarina State, Brazil, based on data from the Information System for Notifiable Diseases, in order to describe the characteristics of cases of sexual violence perpetrated against women, reported by health professionals from 2008 a 2013...
July 13, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724019/profile-of-mortality-from-external-causes-among-seventh-day-adventists-and-the-general-populations
#5
Ana Paula Costa Velten, Nágela Valadão Cade, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Elizabete Regina Araújo de Oliveira
This paper aimed to compare the profile of mortality from external causes among Seventh-day Adventists and the general population of Espírito Santo from 2003 to 2009. A search of Adventists was performed in the nominal database of the Mortality Information System containing data on Adventists provided by the administrative offices of the institution. Deaths from external causes occurred during the study period were then divided into two groups: Adventists and the general population. Adventists had lower proportional mortality from external causes (10%) than the general population (19%), and males were the main reason for this difference...
July 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723915/key-findings-from-a-prospective-trauma-registry-at-a-regional-hospital-in-southwest-cameroon
#6
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Obieze C Nwanna-Nzewunwa, Vincent Verla Siysi, Isabelle Feldhaus, Rochelle Dicker, Catherine Juillard
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Data characterizing the burden of trauma in Cameroon is limited. Regular, prospective injury surveillance can address the shortcomings of existing hospital administrative logs and medical records. This study aims to characterize trauma as seen at the emergency department (ED) of Limbe Regional Hospital (LRH) and assess the completeness of data obtained by a trauma registry. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From January 2008 to October 2013, we prospectively captured data on injured patients using a strategically designed, context-relevant trauma registry instrument...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722747/acute-care-hospitalization-of-aboriginal-children-and-youth
#7
Anne Guèvremont, Gisèle Carrière, Evelyne Bougie, Dafna Kohen
BACKGROUND: Research that has examined Aboriginal children's hospitalization rates at the national level has been limited to analyses of areas with large percentages of Aboriginal residents, rather than of Aboriginal individuals. This study uses linked census and administrative data to describe hospitalization patterns among children and youth aged 0 to 19, by Aboriginal identity, for all provinces and territories except Quebec. DATA AND METHODS: The 2006 Census was linked to the 2006/2007-to-2008/2009 Discharge Abstract Database, which contains hospital records from all acute care facilities (except Quebec)...
July 19, 2017: Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721637/cost-of-hospitalization-for-firearm-injuries-by-firearm-type-intent-and-payer-in-the-united-states
#8
Corinne Peek-Asa, Brandon Butcher, Joseph E Cavanaugh
BACKGROUND: Firearm injuries disproportionately affect young, male, non-White populations, causing substantial individual and societal burden. Annual costs for hospitalized firearm injuries have not been widely described, as most previous cost studies have focused on lifetime costs. We examined a nationally-representative database of hospitalizations in the US to estimate per-hospital and overall hospital costs for firearm injuries by intent, type of weapon, and payer source. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all firearm injury hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721311/from-kaua-i-to-hawai-i-island-interisland-differences-in-emergency-contraceptive-pill-availability
#9
Holly Bullock, Mary Tschann, Jennifer Elia, Bliss Kaneshiro, Jennifer Salcedo
Emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs) are medications used after unprotected intercourse, underprotected intercourse, or sexual assault to decrease the risk of pregnancy. Availability of ECPs in Hawai'i's retail pharmacies was last assessed in 2007, following over-the-counter access to levonorgestrel ECPs (LNG-ECP) for women age 18 years or older and prior to U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval of prescription-only ulipristal acetate (UPA). We conducted a county-by-county subanalysis from a larger observational population-based study on statewide availability of ECPs in Hawai'i's pharmacies...
July 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720015/sexual-violence-by-juveniles-in-institutions-a-descriptive-study-on-prevalence-and-circumstances
#10
Marc Allroggen, Jeannine Ohlert, Thea Rau, Jörg M Fegert
Adolescents in institutionalized care are at a particularly high risk of exhibiting sexually aggressive behavior including sexual harassment. So far, however, studies about the prevalence of sexually aggressive behavior in institutions are lacking. In this survey, 322 adolescents (43% female, average age 16.7 years) from 32 residential care facilities and boarding schools across Germany were asked about sexually aggressive behavior via a standardized questionnaire. Overall, 23.5% of the participants engaged in some form of sexually aggressive behavior in their lives, and 4...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718910/permanent-housing-for-child-welfare-involved-families-impact-on-child-maltreatment-overview
#11
Patrick J Fowler, Michael Schoeny
A longitudinal randomized controlled trial tested whether access to permanent housing reduces child maltreatment among inadequately housed families under investigation for child abuse and neglect. The study followed homeless and child welfare-involved families randomly assigned to receive a referral for housing subsidies plus housing case management (n = 75, 196 children) or housing case management alone (n = 75, 186 children). Latent growth models examined change in caregiver-reported frequencies of psychological aggression, physical abuse, and neglect toward children at five time points across 2...
July 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715948/the-motivation-facilitation-model-of-sexual-offending
#12
Michael C Seto
In this article, I describe the motivation-facilitation model of sexual offending, which identifies the traits of paraphilia, high sex drive, and intense mating effort as primary motivations for sexual offenses, as well as trait (e.g., antisocial personality) and state (e.g., intoxication) factors that can facilitate acting on these motivations when opportunities exist. Originally developed to explain contact sexual offending against children, the motivation-facilitation model was subsequently extended as an explanation for child pornography offending and for online solicitations of young adolescents...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714673/direct-monitoring-of-exogenous-ghb-in-body-fluids-by-nmr-spectroscopy
#13
Martina Palomino-Schätzlein, Yaoyao Wang, Teodor Parella, Cristina Legido-Quigley, Míriam Pérez-Trujillo
γ-Hydroxybutyric acid (GHB) is a popular drug increasingly associated to cases of drug-facilitated sexual assault (DFSA). Currently, expanding procedures of analysis and having forensic evidence of GHB intake at a long term are mandatory. Up to now, most studies have been performed using GC-MS and LC-MS as analytical platforms, which involve significant manipulation of the sample and, often, indirect measurements. In this work, procedures used in NMR-based metabolomics were applied to a GHB clinical trial on urine and serum...
July 17, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714602/genome-wide%C3%A2-identification-and-characterization%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-hsp-gene-superfamily-in-whitefly-bemisia-tabaci-and-expression-profiling%C3%A2-analysis%C3%A2-under-temperature-stress
#14
Xin-Ru Wang, Chao Wang, Fei-Xue Ban, Dan-Tong Zhu, Shu-Sheng Liu, Xiao-Wei Wang
Heat shock proteins (Hsp) are essential molecular chaperones that play important roles in the stress stimulation of insects. Bemisia tabaci, a phloem feeder and invasive species, can cause extensive crop damage through direct feeding and transmission of plant viruses. Here we employed comprehensive genomics approaches to identity HSP superfamily members in Middle East Asia Minor 1 whitefly genome. In total, we identified 26 Hsp genes, including 3 Hsp90, 17 Hsp70, 1 Hsp60 and 5 sHSP (small heat shock protein, sHSP) genes...
July 17, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713707/epidemiology-of-acid-burns-in-a-major-referral-hospital-in-tehran-iran
#15
Reza Vaghardoost, Jafar Kazemzadeh, Mostafa Dahmardehei, Soheila Rabiepoor, Ramyar Farzan, Ali Asghar Kheiri, Rahman Khosravy, Farzad Manafi
BACKGROUND: Most of the acid- burns are due to assault or accidental. The epidemiology of burns is diverse across the world and within a country. We evaluated the epidemiology and outcome of acid-burns in tertiary health care center in Tehran, Iran. METHODS: This study was retrospective descriptive among patients referred for acid-burn injury that was done in a referral Burn Care Center in Tehran, Iran, during a ten-year period since 2005 to 2014. Patient's data collected by a specially designed check list...
May 2017: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708283/acute-stress-symptoms-in-seriously-injured-patients-precipitating-versus-cumulative-trauma-and-the-contribution-of-peritraumatic-distress
#16
John Briere, Colin P Dias, Randye J Semple, Catherine Scott, Noémie Bigras, Natacha Godbout
The relationship between type of trauma exposure, cumulative trauma, peritraumatic distress, and subsequent acute stress disorder (ASD) symptoms was examined prospectively in 96 individuals presenting with acute medical injuries to a Level 1 emergency/trauma department. Common precipitating traumas included motor vehicle-related events, stabbings, shootings, and physical assaults. At 2 to 3 weeks follow-up, 22.9% of participants had developed ASD. Univariate analysis revealed no relationship between type of precipitating trauma and ASD symptoms, whereas robust path analysis indicated direct effects of gender, lifetime cumulative trauma exposure, and peritraumatic distress...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705744/the-relationship-between-ocular-trauma-and-substance-abuse-in-emergency-department-patients
#17
Sylvia L Chang, Vaama Patel, John Giltner, Richard Lee, Catherine A Marco
INTRODUCTION: Eye injury is the second most common cause of visual impairment and a leading cause of monocular blindness in the United States. There are approximately 6 million ED visits related to drug use annually, including misuse or abuse of pharmaceuticals and illicit drug use. The purpose of this study was to assess the relationship between ocular trauma and substance abuse among emergency department patients and to assess that relationship with demographic factors, including age and gender...
July 8, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704207/the-adult-male-rape-victim-forensic-description-of-a-series-of-57-cases
#18
Michelangelo Bruno Casali, Elisa Palazzo, Alberto Blandino, Alessio Battistini, Francesca Motta, Alessandra Kustermann, Cristina Cattaneo
A retrospective analysis on 57 adult male victims of sexual violence has been performed. Age, nationality and anamnesis of the victims, location of the assault, type of violence, number and identity of the assailants, presence of physical injuries, lapse of time between the assault and the request of medical assistance, and toxicological and semen detection tests were analyzed. Victims were mostly in the 31- to 40-year age group. Ten victims referred themselves as either active homosexuals or bisexuals. Forced oral and/or anal penetration was registered in 86...
July 13, 2017: American Journal of Forensic Medicine and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704109/heterogeneity-in-drinking-practices-in-england-and-wales-and-its-association-with-violent-behavior-a-latent-class-analysis
#19
Carly Lightowlers
BACKGROUND: Crude single-item consumption metrics, such as "binge drinking" measures, mask the complexity and heterogeneity in young people's drinking; thus limiting our understanding of young people's drinking patterns as well as how alcohol drinking is associated with violent outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The current study employed a range of consumption and contextual indicators to explore heterogeneity in young people's (16-29 years) drinking practices, giving due consideration to their social nature...
July 13, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703951/secondary-prevention-of-chronic-ptsd-by-early-and-short-term-administration-of-escitalopram-a-prospective-randomized-placebo-controlled-double-blind-trial
#20
Joseph Zohar, Leah Fostick, Alzabeta Juven-Wetzler, Zeev Kaplan, Hadar Shalev, Gavriel Schreiber, Natalie Miroshnik, Arieh Y Shalev, Dan J Stein, Soraya Seedat, Sharain Suliman, Ehud Klein
OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies have not identified a viable pharmacologic strategy for secondary prevention of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The authors examined whether preventive intervention via early and short-term administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI), within 1 month of exposure to a traumatic event (before diagnosis of PTSD could be made), may reduce the severity of PTSD symptoms according to DSM-IV at 13 months' follow-up. METHODS: Over 25,000 screening calls to patients referred to an emergency department for a traumatic event performed between June 2006 and December 2008 yielded 353 participants who were recruited within the month following a traumatic event ...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
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