keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bone mineral density adolescent

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922240/associations-of-lean-and-fat-mass-measures-with-whole-body-bone-mineral-content-and-bone-mineral-density-in-female-adolescent-weightlifters-and-swimmers
#1
Şükran Nazan Koşar
Body composition and sport participation have been associated with bone mass. The purpose of this study was to determine the associations of lean and fat mass measures with whole body bone mineral content (BMC) and bone mineral density (BMD) in female adolescent weightlifters, swimmers and non-athletic counterparts. This study included a total of 25 female adolescents (mean age: 15.3±1.1 years). Body composition and bone mass were measured by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. In most of the studied variables weight lifters had higher values compared to swimmers and non-athletes (p < 0...
2016: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916891/comparison-of-site-specific-bone-mineral-densities-between-endurance-runners-and-sprinters-in-adolescent-women
#2
Aoi Ikedo, Aya Ishibashi, Saori Matsumiya, Aya Kaizaki, Kumiko Ebi, Satoshi Fujita
We aimed to compare site-specific bone mineral densities (BMDs) between adolescent endurance runners and sprinters and examine the relationship of fat-free mass (FFM) and nutrient intake on BMD. In this cross-sectional study, 37 adolescent female endurance runners and sprinters (16.1 ± 0.8 years) were recruited. BMD and FFM were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Nutrient intake and menstrual state were evaluated by questionnaires. After adjusting for covariates, spine and total bone less head (TBLH) BMDs were significantly higher in sprinters than endurance runners (TBLH, 1...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916839/the-association-between-weight-gain-restoration-and-bone-mineral-density-in-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Marwan El Ghoch, Davide Gatti, Simona Calugi, Ombretta Viapiana, Paola Vittoria Bazzani, Riccardo Dalle Grave
BACKGROUND: Reduced bone mineral density (BMD) is one of the most frequent medical complications of anorexia nervosa (AN). The purpose of this paper was to conduct a systematic review of the association between weight gain/restoration and BMD in adolescents with AN. METHODS: Literature searches, study selection, method, and quality appraisal were performed independently by two authors, and data were collated using a narrative approach. RESULTS: Of the 1156 articles retrieved, 19 studies met the inclusion criteria, and their analysis revealed four main findings...
November 29, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900427/the-impact-of-excess-body-fat-on-bone-remodeling-in-adolescents
#4
L N Mosca, T B L Goldberg, V N da Silva, C S Kurokawa, A C B Rizzo, C C da Silva, A Dos Santos Teixeira, J E Corrente
: The impact of excess body fat on bone remodeling was evaluated in overweight, obese, and extremely obese adolescents. In adolescents with excess weight, it was observed that the higher the bone mineral content and bone mineral density values, the lower the levels of the biomarkers. Nutritional imbalances by excess had a negative effect on bone formation in this stage of life. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of excess body fat on bone remodeling in adolescents...
November 30, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895088/hormonal-alterations-in-pcos-and-its-influence-on-bone-metabolism
#5
Abhaya Krishnan, Sridhar Muthusami
According to the World Health Organization (WHO) polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) occurs in 4-8% of women worldwide. The prevalence of PCOS in Indian adolescents is 12.2% according to ICMR (Indian Council of Medical Research) report. National Institute of Health documented that it affects approximately 5 million women of reproductive age in the United States . Hormonal imbalance is the characteristic of many women with polycystic ovarian syndrome. The impact of various endocrine changes in PCOS women and their relevance to bone remains to be documented...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878409/analysis-of-the-functional-muscle-bone-unit-of-the-forearm-in-patients-with-phenylketonuria-by-peripheral-quantitative-computed-tomography
#6
Daniela Choukair, Carolin Kneppo, Reinhard Feneberg, Eckhard Schönau, Martin Lindner, Stefan Kölker, Georg F Hoffmann, Burkhard Tönshoff
Bone disease in patients with phenylketonuria (PKU) is incompletely characterized. We therefore analyzed, in a cross-sectional study radius macroscopic bone architecture and forearm muscle size by peripheral quantitative computed tomography (pQCT) and muscle strength by hand dynamometry in a large cohort (n = 56) of adolescent and adult patients with PKU aged 26.0 ± 8.9 (range, 11.8-41.5) years. Data were compared with a reference population (n = 700) from the DONALD study using identical methodology...
November 22, 2016: Journal of Inherited Metabolic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868152/effect-of-buffalo-casein-derived-novel-bioactive-peptides-on-osteoblast-differentiation
#7
Srinu Reddi, Venkatesa Perumal Shanmugam, Kemgang Sonfack Tanedjeu, Suman Kapila, Rajeev Kapila
PURPOSE: Epidemiological and intervention studies show that milk consumption in childhood and during adolescence is related to higher bone mineral density. Milk and milk products prevent the bone loss in pre- and postmenopausal women. Apart from calcium, there are other biologically active compounds in milk such as bioactive peptides which may play a role in promoting bone health. Casein is the major protein in milk which has also been reported to have numerous biological active peptides within it...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856225/correlations-of-vdr-and-vdbp-genetic-polymorphisms-with-susceptibility-to-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-and-efficacy-of-brace-treatment
#8
Yu Wang, Zhi-Qiang Cui, Tian-Bao Luo, Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed to elucidate the correlations of VDR and VDBP polymorphisms with susceptibility to adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and efficacy of brace treatment. METHODS: AIS patients and healthy controls were enrolled. Lumbar spine bone mineral density (LSBMD) and femoral neck bone mineral density (FNBMD) were detected by dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. VDR and VDBP polymorphisms were detected by PCR-RFLP. Efficacy of brace treatment was evaluated by Cobb measurement...
November 14, 2016: Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27845262/effect-of-pubertal-suppression-and-cross-sex-hormone-therapy-on-bone-turnover-markers-and-bone-mineral-apparent-density-bmad-in-transgender-adolescents
#9
Mariska C Vlot, Daniel T Klink, Martin den Heijer, Marinus A Blankenstein, Joost Rotteveel, Annemieke C Heijboer
Puberty is highly important for the accumulation of bone mass. Bone turnover and bone mineral density (BMD) can be affected in transgender adolescents when puberty is suppressed by gonadotropin-releasing hormone analogues (GnRHa), followed by treatment with cross-sex hormone therapy (CSHT). We aimed to investigate the effect of GnRHa and CSHT on bone turnover markers (BTMs) and bone mineral apparent density (BMAD) in transgender adolescents. Gender dysphoria was diagnosed based on diagnostic criteria according to the DSM-IV (TR)...
November 11, 2016: Bone
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827803/is-calcaneal-broadband-ultrasound-attenuation-a-valid-index-of-dual-energy-x-ray-absorptiometry-derived-bone-mass-in-children
#10
B K Weeks, R Hirsch, R C Nogueira, B R Beck
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the current study was to assess whether calcaneal broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) can predict whole body and regional dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived bone mass in healthy, Australian children and adolescents at different stages of maturity. METHODS: A total of 389 boys and girls across a wide age range (four to 18 years) volunteered to participate. The estimated age of peak height velocity (APHV) was used to classify children into pre-, peri-, and post-APHV groups...
November 2016: Bone & Joint Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803155/bridging-the-gap-metabolic-and-endocrine-care-of-patients-during-transition
#11
REVIEW
Anita Hokken-Koelega, Aart-Jan van der Lely, Berthold Hauffa, Gabriele Häusler, Gudmundur Johannsson, Mohamad Maghnie, Jesús Argente, Jean DeSchepper, Helena Gleeson, John W Gregory, Charlotte Höybye, Fahrettin Keleştimur, Anton Luger, Hermann L Müller, Sebastian Neggers, Vera Popovic-Brkic, Eleonora Porcu, Lars Sävendahl, Stephen Shalet, Bessie Spiliotis, Maithé Tauber
OBJECTIVE: Seamless transition of endocrine patients from the paediatric to adult setting is still suboptimal, especially in patients with complex disorders, i.e., small for gestational age, Turner or Prader-Willi syndromes; Childhood Cancer Survivors, and those with childhood-onset growth hormone deficiency. METHODS: An expert panel meeting comprised of European paediatric and adult endocrinologists was convened to explore the current gaps in managing the healthcare of patients with endocrine diseases during transition from paediatric to adult care settings...
November 2016: Endocrine Connections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789350/bone-mineral-density-and-weight-changes-in-adolescents-randomized-to-three-doses-of-depot-medroxyprogesterone-acetate
#12
Hannah L H Lange, Brittny E Manos, M David Gothard, Lynette K Rogers, Andrea E Bonny
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between medroxyprogesterone acetate exposure and bone mineral density (BMD) loss and weight change in adolescents. DESIGN: 48-week prospective, randomized trial conducted May 2012-April 2014. SETTING: Recruitment occurred in the general community and outpatient clinics in Central Ohio. PARTICIPANTS: Self-referred sample of 34 adolescent females aged 12-21 years initiating depot medroxyprogesterone acetate (DMPA)...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27786155/impact-of-tenofovir-disoproxil-fumarate-on-bone-metabolism-and-bone-mass-among-perinatally-hiv-infected-asian-adolescents
#13
Tavitiya Sudjaritruk, Torsak Bunupuradah, Linda Aurpibul, Pope Kosalaraksa, Nia Kurniati, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Jintanat Ananworanich, Thanyawee Puthanakit
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to determine the effect of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) on bone metabolism and bone mass in HIV-infected adolescents. METHODS: This was a sub-study of a cross-sectional multicenter bone health trial that enrolled perinatally HIV-infected Thai and Indonesian adolescents (10-18 years) with viral suppression on antiretroviral therapy. Participants were classified into 2 groups as TDF users and non-users. Bone metabolism-related markers [25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH), bone turnover biomarkers], and lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were assessed...
October 27, 2016: Antiviral Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766367/increased-levels-of-dickkopf-1-are-indicative-of-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-downregulation-and-lower-osteoblast-signaling-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-contributing-to-lower-bone-mineral-density
#14
C Tsentidis, D Gourgiotis, L Kossiva, A Marmarinos, A Doulgeraki, K Karavanaki
: Higher levels of Dickkopf-1, which is an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin bone metabolic pathway, could be indicative of downregulated Wnt system, with possible lower osteoblast activation and higher osteoclast signaling in type 1 diabetes mellitus children and adolescents. Dickkopf-1 could significantly contribute to diabetes osteopathy. INTRODUCTION: Increased fracture risk and elevated Dickkopf-1 levels, which is an inhibitor of Wnt/β-catenin bone metabolic pathway, have been documented in adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), while no relevant data exist on childhood type 1 diabetes (T1D)...
October 20, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765666/safety-efficacy-and-pharmacokinetics-of-a-single-tablet-regimen-containing-elvitegravir-cobicistat-emtricitabine-and-tenofovir-alafenamide-in-treatment-naive-hiv-infected-adolescents-a-single-arm-open-label-trial
#15
Aditya H Gaur, Hilda Kizito, Wasana Prasitsueubsai, Natella Rakhmanina, Mohammed Rassool, Rana Chakraborty, Jagmohan Batra, Pope Kosalaraksa, Wicharn Luesomboon, Danielle Porter, Yongwu Shao, Michael Myers, Lillian Ting, Devi SenGupta, Erin Quirk, Martin S Rhee
BACKGROUND: The prodrug tenofovir alafenamide is associated with improved renal and bone safety compared with tenofovir disoproxil fumarate. We aimed to assess safety, pharmacokinetics, and efficacy of this single-tablet, fixed-dose combination of elvitegravir, cobicistat, emtricitabine, and tenofovir alafenamide in HIV-infected, treatment-naive adolescents. METHODS: We did a 48 week, single-arm, open-label trial in treatment-naive adolescents with HIV from ten hospital clinics in South Africa, Thailand, Uganda, and the USA...
December 2016: Lancet HIV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742529/association-of-gross-motor-function-classification-system-level-and-school-attendance-with-bone-mineral-density-in-patients-with-cerebral-palsy
#16
Ki Jin Jung, Soon-Sun Kwon, Chin Youb Chung, Kyoung Min Lee, Ki Hyuk Sung, Byung Chae Cho, Myoung Ki Chung, Seung Jun Moon, Jaeyoung Kim, Moon Seok Park
The present study aimed to evaluate bone mineral density (BMD) in children and adolescents with cerebral palsy (CP) and to critically analyze the effects of a variety of factors, particularly the Gross Motor Function Classification System (GMFCS) level, the Caregiver Priorities and Child Health Index of Life with Disabilities questionnaire, and the Pediatric Outcomes Data Collection Instrument (PODCI), on BMD. Fifty patients with CP who underwent dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry were included. Collected data included the extent of involvement, muscle tone, demographic data, factors determined through chart review, and laboratory results...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27699440/are-milk-and-alternatives-and-fruit-and-vegetable-intakes-during-adolescence-associated-with-cortical-and-trabecular-bone-structure-density-and-strength-in-adulthood
#17
E Z Movassagh, S Kontulainen, A D G Baxter-Jones, S Whiting, M Szafron, M Papadimitropoulos, H Vatanparast
: We investigated the impact of food group intake during adolescence on bone structure and strength during adulthood. In females, we found a beneficial effect of adolescent milk and alternatives and fruit and vegetable intake on adult radius shaft and distal tibia bone structure, respectively. No association was observed in males. INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to investigate whether adolescents with high intake of milk and alternatives (M&A) or fruit and vegetables (F&V) had better adult bone structure and strength compared to those with low intake levels...
October 3, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695823/association-of-stimulant-medication-use-with-bone-mass-in-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#18
Alexis J Feuer, Ashley Thai, Ryan T Demmer, Maria Vogiatzi
Importance: Murine studies reveal that sympathetic nervous system activation leads to decreased bone mass. Stimulant medications used to treat attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) increase sympathetic tone and may affect bone remodeling. Because bone mass accrual is completed by young adulthood, assessing stimulant effects on bone density in growing children is of critical importance. Objective: To investigate associations between stimulant use and bone mass in children and adolescents...
December 5, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27685942/obesity-impact-evaluated-from-fat-percentage-in-bone-mineral-density-of-male-adolescents
#19
Wagner Luis Ripka, Jhomyr Dias Modesto, Leandra Ulbricht, Pedro Miguel Gewehr
OBJECTIVE: To analyze bone mineral density (BMD) values in adolescents and to assess obesity impact, measured through body fat #x2013;on this variable through the assessment by DEXA. METHODOLOGY: A total of 318 males adolescents (12-17 years) were evaluated considering weight, height, body mass index (BMI), bone mineral density (BMD), fat and lean mass. BMD was assessed for the arms, legs, hips, and lumbar regions, as well as for total amount. Stratification of the nutritional status was determined by body fat (%BF) percentage; comparison of groups was scrutinized by analysis of variance; and the association of variables was performed using Pearson's test...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669735/bone-densitometry-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Laura K Bachrach, Catherine M Gordon
Concerns about bone health and potential fragility in children and adolescents have led to a high interest in bone densitometry. Pediatric patients with genetic and acquired chronic diseases, immobility, and inadequate nutrition may fail to achieve expected gains in bone size, mass, and strength, leaving them vulnerable to fracture. In older adults, bone densitometry has been shown to predict fracture risk and reflect response to therapy. The role of densitometry in the management of children at risk of bone fragility is less clear...
September 26, 2016: Pediatrics
keyword
keyword
47113
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"