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Pranayama

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495684/the-art-of-breathing-pranayama
#1
Tom Kotsimbos, Gary P Anderson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446827/effects-of-various-pr%C3%A4-%C3%A1-%C3%A4-y%C3%A4-ma-on-cardiovascular-and-autonomic-variables
#2
REVIEW
L Nivethitha, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath
Cardiovascular functions are controlled by neural factors, temperature, hormones, etc., Of these, neural factors primarily concern the autonomic nervous system, which plays a major role in maintaining and regulating cardiac functions, e.g., blood pressure and heart rate. Prāṇāyāma is one of the most important yogic practices. There are various review articles on Yoga and its effects but, though Prāṇāyāma is a part of yoga, there is lack of review articles. To the best of our knowledge there is no known review article on effect of various Prāṇāyāma on cardiovascular and autonomic variables...
October 2016: Ancient Science of Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437145/the-effect-of-yoga-on-menstrual-disorders-a-systematic-review
#3
Jennifer Oates
OBJECTIVE: To summarize and evaluate evidence for the effect of yoga on menstrual disorders. METHODS: PubMed, CINAHL/MEDLINE, Web of Science, AMED, and Scopus were searched for English-language literature relevant to the review question. All primary research studies were included. RESULTS: Fifteen studies described in 18 papers were included in the review. A range of yoga interventions were used. Some studies used a combination of Asana, Pranayama, and other yogic relaxation or meditation techniques...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437144/framingham-risk-score-and-estimated-10-year-cardiovascular-disease-risk-reduction-by-a-short-term-yoga-based-life-style-intervention
#4
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Kumar Sarvottam, Ritesh Netam
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of a short-term yoga-based life-style intervention program in lowering Framingham Risk Score (FRS) and estimated 10-year cardiovascular risk. METHODS: This was a single-arm, pre-post interventional study including data from a historical cohort with low to moderate risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). It was conducted in a tertiary-care hospital. Participants with low (0 or 1 CVD risk factors) to moderately high risk (10-year risk between 10% and 20% and two or more CVD risk factors) were included...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299348/beneficial-effects-of-yogasanas-and-pranayama-in-limiting-the-cognitive-decline-in-type-2-diabetes
#5
Santhakumari Rajani, Rajagopalan Archana, Yogananda Reddy Indla, P Rajesh
BACKGROUND: Out of many complications that were observed in type 2 diabetes, cognitive impairment is the most neglected. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study is to assess the cognitive decline in type 2 diabetes and to observe the role of yogasanas and pranayama in ameliorating the cognitive decline. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty eight type 2 diabetic subjects were recruited in the study, 34 of them did specific yogasanas and pranayama (test group) for six months and the remaining age and sex matched 34 subjects were recruited as (control group) who were not on any specific exercise regimen...
2017: National Journal of Physiology, Pharmacy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217594/effectiveness-of-yoga-program-in-the-management-of-diabetes-using-community-health-workers-in-the-urban-slums-of-bangalore-city-a-non-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Hemavathi Dasappa, Farah Naaz Fathima, Rugmani Prabhakar
TRIAL DESIGN: Nonrandomized controlled trial. METHODS: Nonrandomized controlled trial. This was an interventional study that was conducted in 4 slums of Bengaluru. Of the 256 diabetes participants, only 109 people agreed to participate in the program. Of 109 people, 52 people agreed to participate in the intervention (agreed to learn and practice Yoga) while the remaining 57 people were assigned to nonintervention group. Randomization and blinding could not be done...
July 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149083/cerebrovascular-hemodynamics-during-pranayama-techniques
#7
L Nivethitha, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath, Lokesh Bathala, Vijay K Sharma
BACKGROUND: Pranayama techniques are known to produce variable physiological effects on the body. We evaluated the effect of the two commonly practiced Pranayama techniques on cerebral hemodynamics. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen healthy male volunteers, trained in Yoga and Pranayama, were included in the study. Mean age was 24 years (range 22-32 years). Study participants performed 2 Pranayamas in 2 different orders. Order 1 (n = 7) performed Bhastrika (bellows breaths) followed by Kumbhaka (breath retention) while order 2 (n = 8) performed Kumbhaka followed by Bhastrika...
January 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149064/effect-of-a-12-week-yoga-therapy-program-on-mental-health-status-in-elderly-women-inmates-of-a-hospice
#8
Meena Ramanathan, Ananda Balayogi Bhavanani, Madanmohan Trakroo
AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga on the mental health status of elderly women inmates residing in a hospice in Puducherry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Forty elderly women were randomly divided into yoga and wait-listed control group. A yoga therapy program of 60 min was given twice a week for 12 weeks. This protocol was specially designed for senior citizens, keeping in mind their health status and physical limitations that included simple warm-up and breath-body movement coordination practices (jathis and kriyas), static stretching postures (asanas), breathing techniques (pranayamas), and relaxation...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149062/effects-of-yogic-intervention-on-pain-scores-and-quality-of-life-in-females-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#9
Rahul Saxena, Manish Gupta, Nilima Shankar, Sandhya Jain, Arushi Saxena
CONTEXT: Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) is a common condition of women of the reproductive age group. It has a negative impact on a woman's personal health and quality of life (QOL). Practicing yoga has shown numerous benefits in various chronic painful conditions. AIM: To study the effects of yogic intervention on pain scores and quality of life in females of reproductive age group with CPP, on conventional therapy. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: It is a follow-up, randomized case-control study done in a tertiary care hospital...
January 2017: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981159/emotional-aspects-and-pranayama-in-breast-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiation-therapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#10
Jyothi Chakrabarty, M S Vidyasagar, Donald Fernandes, Sreemathi Mayya
OBJECTIVE: Emotional disturbances are commonly experienced by cancer patients. The aim of this study was to determine the effectiveness of certain Pranayama techniques on the emotional aspects such as impatience, worry, anxiety, and frustration among breast cancer patients undergoing radiation therapy in India. METHODS: The study was conducted as a randomized controlled trial. Patients were recruited when they were seeking radiation therapy for breast cancer. They were allocated into two groups using block randomization technique...
April 2016: Asia-Pacific Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790427/change-in-oxidative-stress-of-normotensive-elderly-subjects-following-lifestyle-modifications
#11
Anubhav Bhatnagar, Yogesh Tripathi, Anoop Kumar
INTRODUCTION: Oxidative stress is associated with aging, which ultimately causes deterioration of muscles. Antioxidant defense system deteriorates while enhancing accumulations of Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) due to lipid peroxidation and altered enzyme activities in old age. Regular practice of yoga can maintain the antioxidants level of the body, even in stressful conditions. AIM: The present study was designed to assess the effects of lifestyle technique on oxidative stress and lipid profile in normotensive elderly subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754148/os-28-06-beneficial-effects-of-a-12-week-yoga-based-lifestyle-intervention-on-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-and-adipokines-in-subjects-with-pre-hypertension-or-hypertension
#12
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nalin Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of 12 week yoga-based lifestyle intervention on cardio-metabolic risk factors and adipocytokines in overweight/obese subjects with pre-hypertension [systolic blood pressure (SBP) 130-139 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 85-89 mmHg] or hypertension (HTN). DESIGN AND METHOD: This prospective, single arm, lifestyle intervention study was conducted in overweight/obese (body mass index; BMI 23-24.9/ ≥ 25 kg/m) subjects (n = 44), with pre-HTN or previously diagnosed HTN...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747823/workload-regulation-by-sudarshan-kriya-an-eeg-and-ecg-perspective
#13
Sushil Chandra, Greeshma Sharma, Mansi Sharma, Devendra Jha, Alok Pakash Mittal
Sudarshan Kriya Yoga (SKY) is a type of rhythmic breathing activity, trivially a form of Pranayama that stimulates physical, mental, emotional, and social well-being. The objective of the present work is to verify the effect of meditation in optimizing task efficiency and regulating stress. It builds on to quantitatively answer if SKY will increase workload tolerance for divided attention tasks in the people sank in it. EEG and ECG recordings were taken from a total of twenty-five subjects who had volunteered for the experiment...
March 2017: Brain Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27649634/can-yoga-therapy-stimulate-stem-cell-trafficking-from-bone-marrow
#14
Nitya Shree, Ramesh R Bhonde
It has been established that mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) from bone marrow enter the peripheral circulation intermittently for possible tissue regeneration, repair and to take care of daily wear and tear. This is evident from the detection of MSCs from peripheral blood. The factors governing this migration remain elusive. These MSCs carry out the work of policing and are supposed to repair the injured tissues. Thus, these cells help in maintaining the tissue and organ homeostasis. Yoga and pranayama originated in India and is now being practiced all over the world for positive health...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643078/os-28-06-beneficial-effects-of-a-12-week-yoga-based-lifestyle-intervention-on-cardio-metabolic-risk-factors-and-adipokines-in-subjects-with-pre-hypertension-or-hypertension
#15
Rashmi Yadav, Raj Kumar Yadav, Rajesh Khadgawat, Nalin Mehta
OBJECTIVE: To study the effects of 12 week yoga-based lifestyle intervention on cardio-metabolic risk factors and adipocytokines in overweight/obese subjects with pre-hypertension [systolic blood pressure (SBP) 130-139 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure (DBP) 85-89 mmHg] or hypertension (HTN). DESIGN AND METHOD: This prospective, single arm, lifestyle intervention study was conducted in overweight/obese (body mass index; BMI 23-24.9/ ≥ 25 kg/m) subjects (n = 44), with pre-HTN or previously diagnosed HTN...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622961/yoga-practice-improves-physiological-and-biochemical-status-at-high-altitudes-a-prospective-case-control-study
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gidugu Himashree, Latika Mohan, Yogesh Singh
UNLABELLED: Context • High altitude (HA) is a psychophysiological stressor for natives of lower altitudes. Reducing the morbidity and optimizing the performance of individuals deployed in an HA region has been attempted and reported with varied results. Objective • The present study intended to explore the effects of comprehensive yogic practices on the health and performance of Indian soldiers deployed at HAs. Design • The research team designed a prospective, randomized, case-control study...
September 2016: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27552065/a-qualitative-study-on-the-practice-of-yoga-for-women-with-pain-associated-endometriosis
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Andrea Vasconcelos Gonçalves, Maria Y Makuch, Maria Silvia Setubal, Nelson Filice Barros, Luis Bahamondes
OBJECTIVES: To understand the meaning women with pain-associated endometriosis attribute to yoga practice regarding their physical and emotional state at the beginning of the practice; pain management by integrating body and mind; secondary benefits of the practice of yoga, such as self-knowledge, self-care, and autonomy; and the role of the yoga group as psychosocial support. DESIGN: Qualitative study conducted simultaneously with a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Public university hospital in southeastern Brazil between August 2013 and December 2014...
December 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27545747/yoga-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-the-management-of-dyspnea-in-coal-miners-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Rajashree Ranjita, Alex Hankey, H R Nagendra, Soubhagylaxmi Mohanty
BACKGROUND: Coal mine dust exposure causes chronic airflow limitation in coal miners resulting in dyspnea, fatigue, and eventually chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Yoga can alleviate dyspnea in COPD by improving ventilatory mechanics, reducing central neural drive, and partially restoring neuromechanical coupling of the respiratory system. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of Integrated Approach of Yoga Therapy (IAYT) in the management of dyspnea and fatigue in coal miners with COPD...
July 2016: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512324/kapalabhati-pranayama-an-answer-to-modern-day-polycystic-ovarian-syndrome-and-coexisting-metabolic-syndrome
#19
Reshma Mohamed Ansari
Breath, the vital force of life, is controlled positively by pranayama to ensure homeostasis and wellbeing in humans. Kapalabhati is the rapid breathing technique of pranayama, which is considered as a cure for various ailments. The possible use of this technique to combat metabolic syndrome (MS) and polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) has been discussed in this article. Various published literature from PubMed, Scopus, and theses were reviewed to reinforce the hypothesis that this technique is the answer to ailments due to modernization...
July 2016: International Journal of Yoga
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27437210/immediate-effects-of-bhramari-pranayama-on-resting-cardiovascular-parameters-in-healthy-adolescents
#20
Maheshkumar Kuppusamy, Dilara Kamaldeen, Ravishankar Pitani, Julius Amaldas
INTRODUCTION: In yoga, Pranayama has a very important role in maintaining sound health. There is some strong scientific basis on constant physiological changes produced when pranayama is practiced for long duration. Still, there exists a dearth of literature on the effect of Bhramari pranayama (Bhr.p) on physiological systems. AIM: To assess the immediate effect of Bhramari pranayama (Bhr.P) practice on the resting cardiovascular parameters in healthy adolescents...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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