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Dipti Agarwal, Prem Parkash Gupta, Sushma Sood
Background: Breathing exercises have been described to be useful in asthma management by few researchers in the past. Objective: To assess the efficacy of breathing exercises (Pranayamas) added to regular optimal medications in asthma patients in improving health impairment using St. George's Respiratory Questionnaire (SGRQ). Methods: Sixty stable asthma patients (34 females) receiving optimal treatment at our institute for 3 months or more as per the Global Initiative for Asthma guidelines were included in the study...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
Vasant Venkatraman Shastri, Alex Hankey, Bhawna Sharma, Sanjib Patra
Background: Competitive examinations, particularly in mathematics, have made emotional stress a major problem for preuniversity students, emotions like aggression toward fellow students and teachers increase. Mindfulness is a quality that reduces both emotional stress and aggression, so increasing mindfulness should be helpful. Aims: To study the effects of Yoga Pranayama (YP) and Vedic Mathematics (VM) on mindfulness, aggression, and emotion regulation. Methods: Participants were 12th graders attending a preuniversity college in Chikkamagaluru, India, of both genders...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
Archika Sudhanshu, Urvi Sharma, H S Vadiraja, Rakesh Kumar Rana, Richa Singhal
Background: Yoga is considered to be one of the most important, effective, and valuable tools available for man to overcome various physical and psychological problems. Stress contributes significantly to the pathogenesis of periodontal diseases; hence, it becomes important to reduce the level of stress for prevention and management of diseases. Aims and Objectives: The present study was aimed: (1) To understand and analyze the possibilities of employing yogic practices in the treatment of periodontal disease along with conventional dental therapy, (2) to understand the effect of stress on periodontal treatment outcome, (3) to evaluate the efficacy of yoga in the management of periodontal disease with reference to stress...
September 2017: International Journal of Yoga
Chandra Nanthakumar
The number of children suffering from stress and anxiety in Malaysia is on the rise. Evidence shows that mind-body therapies such as mindfulness therapy, meditation and yoga have been practiced in many other countries to reduce and/or manage the psychological effects of stress and anxiety. This review article looks at the intervention of yoga as a meditative movement practice in helping school children manage stress and anxiety. Articles were retrieved using a combination of databases including PubMed/MEDLINE, and PsycINFO...
January 2018: Journal of Integrative Medicine
Apar Avinash Saoji, B R Raghavendra, N K Manjunath
Pranayama or breath regulation is considered as an essential component of Yoga, which is said to influence the physiological systems. We present a comprehensive overview of scientific literature in the field of yogic breathing. We searched PubMed, PubMed Central and IndMed for citations for keywords "Pranayama" and "Yogic Breathing". The search yielded a total of 1400 references. Experimental papers, case studies and case series in English, revealing the effects of yogic breathing were included in the review...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
Sabarathinam Sarvesh, Mathivanan Koushik Muthu Raja, Muhasaparur Ganesan Rajanandh, Palanichamy Seenivasan
OBJECTIVES: The study aimed to investigate the prevalence of CAM users among asthmatic patients in a tertiary care South Indian hospital. METHODS: Prospective, cross sectional study was conducted in 394 asthmatic patients. RESULTS: 30.4% of the patients used CAM therapies. The most commonly used CAM treatment was herbal medicine followed by pranayama (controlled breathing exercises). Most of the CAM users were found to be in lower middle class...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Sümbüle Köksoy, Can Mehmet Eti, Meltem Karataş, Yusuf Vayisoglu
Introduction  Tinnitus is a perception of sound in the absence of an external source and it is a distressing issue. Yoga is a system of mind-body practices with the goal of uniting the body, mind and soul. It has been shown to reduce anxiety and stress, as well as improving the quality of life. Objective  The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of yoga in patients suffering from chronic subjective tinnitus. Methods  Twelve subjects previously diagnosed with chronic subjective tinnitus were selected for the study...
January 2018: International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology
Catherine Justice, Corjena Cheung, Amy Samson-Burke
Preliminary research indicates that yoga could be a valuable tool for people suffering from Parkinson's disease (PD). However, little has been published about the process by which the yoga interventions were designed and evaluated. This study elaborates on the process of developing and testing a bi-weekly, 12-week yoga program to determine its safety and feasibility for people with PD. The lead yoga teacher used input from a focused literature review to design an initial draft of the intervention program. This draft was reviewed by a group of yoga experts ( n = 6) to develop the final intervention program...
January 19, 2018: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Eraballi Amaravathi, Nagendra Hongasandra Ramarao, Nagarathna Raghuram, Balaram Pradhan
Objectives: This study was aimed to assess the efficacy of yoga-based lifestyle program (YLSP) in improving quality of life (QOL) and stress levels in patients after 5 years of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG). Methodology: Three hundred patients posted for elective CABG in Narayana Hrudayalaya Super Speciality Hospital, Bengaluru, were randomized into two groups: YLSP and conventional lifestyle program (CLSP), and follow-up was done for 5 years. Intervention: In YLSP group, all practices of integrative approach of yoga therapy such as yama, niyama, asana, pranayama, and meditation were used as an add-on to conventional cardiac rehabilitation...
January 2018: International Journal of Yoga
Maheshkumar Kuppusamy, Dilara Kamaldeen, Ravishankar Pitani, Julius Amaldas, Poonguzhali Shanmugam
Pranayama, a branch of yoga practice is extremely beneficial to mankind in maintaining sound physical and mental health and this article aims to attain an insight on the studies conducted on the effectiveness of Bhramari Pranayama (Bhr.P) on health. The studies done until May 2016 were found using Medline, Embase, Google scholar and manual search. Studies conducted on the health effectiveness of Bhr.P specifically were included on the basis of prisma guidelines. The data were defined by their objectives, methodology, study setting, findings, interventions done and implications suggested in the study...
January 2018: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
Jhuma Sankar, Rashmi Ranjan Das
To describe the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We conducted an updated literature search and retrieved relevant literature on the role of breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama in the management of childhood asthma. We found that the breathing exercises or yoga and/or pranayama are generally multi-component packaged interventions, and are described as follows: Papworth technique, Buteyko technique, Yoga and/or Pranayam. These techniques primarily modify the pattern of breathing to reduce hyperventilation resulting in normalisation of CO2 level, reduction of bronchospasm and resulting breathlessness...
December 16, 2017: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Christine Tara Peterson, Sarah M Bauer, Deepak Chopra, Paul J Mills, Raj K Maturi
Stress-induced disorders such as anxiety represent the leading causes of adult disability worldwide. Previous studies indicate that yoga and other contemplative practices such as pranayama, or controlled yogic breathing techniques, may be effective in the treatment of mood disorders and stress. In this study, 142 individuals (mean age = 43 years; SD = 13.90) participated in a 3-day retreat program during which they learned Shambhavi Mahamudra kriya, which is a yogic practice that includes both deep breathing and meditation techniques...
October 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
L Nivethitha, A Mooventhan, N K Manjunath, Lokesh Bathala, Vijay K Sharma
Various pranayama techniques are known to produce different physiological effects. We evaluated the effect of three-different pranayama techniques on cerebrovascular hemodynamics. Eighteen healthy volunteers with the mean ± standard deviation age of 23.78 ± 2.96 years were performed three-different pranayama techniques: (1) Bhramari, (2) Kapalbhati and (3) Bahir-Kumbhaka in three-different orders. Continuous transcranial Doppler (TCD) monitoring was performed before, during and after the pranayama techniques...
November 29, 2017: Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback
Mary E Wims, Shayla M McIntyre, Ann York, Laura G Covill
How physical therapists (PTs) in the United States currently use yoga in their clinical practices is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine how PTs in the United States view yoga as a physical therapy (PT) tool and how PTs use yoga therapeutically. The authors conducted a 24-item survey via electronic communications of the Geriatric, Orthopedic, Pediatric, and Women's Health Sections of the American Physical Therapy Association. Participants (n = 333) from 47 states and the District of Columbia replied...
November 2017: International Journal of Yoga Therapy
Anuj Chandra, Manoj Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Sara Darbandi, Mahsa Darbandi, Hamid Reza Khorram Khorshid, Mohammad Reza Sadeghi
Context • Depending on the cause of the infertility, nonsurgical or surgical treatments may be used to treat men and women with infertility. Despite improved outcomes due to medical advances, assisted reproductive technology (ART) for couples with infertility is sometimes unsuccessful. Success may be affected by the patient's social, psychological, and physical status. Objective • The study examined the effects of yoga-including asanas (yoga poses), pranayama (proper breathing), shavasana, and meditation-on male and female fertility and ART outcomes...
November 7, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
Vishnu Renjith, Aparna Pai, Kurupath Radhakrishnan, Baby S Nayak, Elsa Sanatombi Devi, Elissa Ladd, Anice George
AIM: To describe a randomized controlled trial protocol that evaluates the effectiveness of a multicomponent intervention in improving the outcomes (quality of life, disability, intensity, frequency and duration) of patients with migraine. BACKGROUND: Migraine affects various facets of Quality of Life and results in moderate to high levels of disability among migraineurs. Migraine pain can be intense and unremitting that can interfere with the daily routine and reduce the ability to think and function normally...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
Shirley Telles, Sachin Kumar Sharma, Nilkamal Singh, Acharya Balkrishna
BACKGROUND: The characteristics of yoga practitioners and factors motivating people to practice yoga have been studied in the US and in Australia. This study aimed to determine the characteristics of yoga users in India, the factors that motivate them to practice yoga, and the yoga techniques of choice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was a one-time, cross-sectional survey based on convenience sampling. Inclusion criteria were (a) a minimum of 1 week experience of yoga and (b) at least 10 years of age...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
H G Namratha, Vinitha Mary George, Gagan Bajaj, J Mridula, Jayashree S Bhat
Several studies have reported improvements in cognitive communicative abilities with working memory training and alternative therapeutic methods conducted separately. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of combining yoga and working memory training among healthy middle aged adults. A total of 45 participants were randomly assigned into three groups. Group 1 received both yoga and working memory training, group 2 received only working memory training and group 3 served as the control group. Working memory training was provided on six tasks...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
Jeniffer Z Brandani, Julio Mizuno, Emmanuel G Ciolac, Henrique L Monteiro
The aim of this review was to evaluate the effect of pranayama (Yoga's breathing exercises) on BP and its applicability in the treatment of hypertension. Thirteen trials, assessing acute (eight studies) and chronic (five studies) BP response to pranayama were included. Significant BP reductions after pranayama were found in both acute (2-10 mmHg mean SBP reduction, N = 5 studies; 1 mmHg mean DBP reduction, N = 1 study) and chronic studies (4-21 mmHg mean SBP reduction, N = 3 studies; 4-7 mmHg mean DBP reduction, N = 2 studies)...
August 2017: Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice
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