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goiter surgery

Dariusz Janczak, Wiktor Pawlowski, Tadeusz Dorobisz, Dawid Janczak, Karolina Dorobisz, Michal Leśniak, Agnieszka Ziomek, Mariusz Chabowski
BACKGROUND: Thyroid cancer (TC) comprises 1% of all carcinomas and is the most common malignancy of the endocrine system. The disease is more common in women, with its peak morbidity observed in 40-50-year-old patients. The main risk factors include radiation, iodine deficiency, hereditary background, and genetic mutations. Among all diagnosed thyroid nodules, 5%-30% will evolve into cancer. The gold-standard procedure in the preoperative evaluation of a nodular goiter, apart from ultrasonography, is fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy...
2016: OncoTargets and Therapy
Michael Vaiman, Inessa Bekerman
The anatomical approach to the intrathoracic goiter (ITG) was used to understand its etiology and to rationalize surgical technique of thyroidectomy. For a retrospective chart review, we selected cases of multinodular goiter with totally ITGs (n = 69; M 29, F 40), while 916 cases with cervical goiter were used for comparison. The topography of the thyroid gland was assessed against the tracheal rings and against the vertebrae. The regional anatomy of the thoracic inlet was assessed by its bony margins and the relations of structures traversing the area...
September 29, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Rohit Ranganath, Manish A Shaha, Bin Xu, Jocelyn Migliacci, Ronald Ghossein, Ashok R Shaha
BACKGROUND: de Quervain's thyroiditis is an inflammatory condition of the thyroid mostly treated medically, rarely requiring surgical treatment. We intend to review the surgical experience with de Quervain's thyroiditis at a tertiary cancer center over a period of 22years. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records from 1992 to 2014 at a tertiary cancer center was performed and all patients with a histopathological diagnosis of de Quervain's thyroiditis were included...
August 18, 2016: American Journal of Otolaryngology
Urte Kunz-Zurbuchen, Heinz Johannes Buhr, Hubert G Hotz, Martin E Kreis, Kai S Lehmann
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate of surgical complications during the change from subtotal resection to hemithyroidectomy or thyroidectomy over a period of 17 years. METHODS: All operations for benign goiter at our hospital were analyzed for the periods 1996-2002 (Group 1) and 2003-2012 (Group 2). The groups were compared for recurrent laryngeal nerve damage, hypocalcemia, and other surgical complications directly postoperatively. RESULTS: In total, 1462 patients were operated on for goiter between 1996 and 2012...
September 19, 2016: Asian Journal of Surgery
A N Vachev, E V Frolova, D R Sakhipov, N V Morkovskikh
AIM: to define clear individual indications for different operations for diffuse toxic goiter by research of immunological markers of thyrotoxicosis recurrence probability. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Long-term results of survey and treatment of 215 patients with diffuse toxic goiter are presented. Patients were divided into 2 groups. The 1st group consisted of 31 patienrs who underwent conventional partial thyroidectomy. Group 2 included 184 patients. They were divided into 2 subgroups depending on type of surgery...
2016: Khirurgiia
Wouter P Kluijfhout, Wessel M C M Vorselaars, Sandra A M van den Berk, Menno R Vriens, Inne H M Borel Rinkes, Gerlof D Valk, Thijs van Dalen, John M H de Klerk, Bart de Keizer
BACKGROUND: Several reports have shown good performance of fluorine-18 fluorocholine (F-FCH) PET-computed tomography (CT) for parathyroid localization, although overall evidence remains scarce. We collected data from three institutions in the Netherlands and investigated the performance of F-FCH PET-CT as a second-line imaging modality. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients at least 18 years who underwent F-FCH PET-CT for biochemically proven hyperparathyroidism (HPT) and inconclusive ultrasound and sestamibi scintigraphy...
September 8, 2016: Nuclear Medicine Communications
Ivy H Gardner, Gerard M Doherty, David McAneny
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laryngeal nerve injury, resulting in speech and swallowing dysfunction, is a feared complication of thyroid operations. Routine visualization of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) has decreased the likelihood of nerve injury, and intraoperative nerve monitoring has been applied in the hope of further enhancing safety. RECENT FINDINGS: There is conflicting evidence about the value of nerve monitoring during thyroid operations, despite ample research...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Douglas S Ross, Henry B Burch, David S Cooper, M Carol Greenlee, Peter Laurberg, Ana Luiza Maia, Scott A Rivkees, Mary Samuels, Julie Ann Sosa, Marius N Stan, Martin A Walter
BACKGROUND: Thyrotoxicosis has multiple etiologies, manifestations, and potential therapies. Appropriate treatment requires an accurate diagnosis and is influenced by coexisting medical conditions and patient preference. This document describes evidence-based clinical guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that would be useful to generalist and subspecialty physicians and others providing care for patients with this condition. METHODS: The American Thyroid Association (ATA) previously cosponsored guidelines for the management of thyrotoxicosis that were published in 2011...
October 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Enrico Papini, Rinaldo Gugliemi, Claudio Maurizio Pacella
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The majority of benign thyroid nodules are nearly asymptomatic, remain stable in size, and do not require treatment. However, a minority of patients with growing nodules may complain of local symptoms or have cosmetic concerns, and thus seek surgical consultation. RECENT FINDINGS: The timely use of ultrasound-guided minimally invasive procedures can change the natural history of benign enlarging thyroid nodules. The procedures produce persistent shrinkage of thyroid nodules and are associated with improvement of local symptoms...
October 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Ragesh Panikkath, Deepa Panikkath, S Sanchez-Iglesias, D Araujo-Vilar, Joaquin Lado-Abeal
A 46-year-old African American woman presented with severe respiratory distress requiring intubation and was diagnosed with nonischemic cardiomyopathy. She had the typical phenotype of familial partial lipodystrophy 2 (FPLD2). Sequence analysis of LMNA gene showed a heterozygous missense mutation at exon 8 (c.1444C>T) causing amino acid change, p.R482W. She later developed severe coronary artery disease requiring multiple percutaneous coronary interventions and coronary artery bypass surgery. She was later diagnosed with diabetes, primary hyperparathyroidism, and euthyroid multinodular goiter...
July 2016: Journal of Investigative Medicine High Impact Case Reports
Rajashekara Babu Gangappa, Manjunath Basavaraj Kenchannavar, Prashanth Basappa Chowdary, Adithya Malolan Patanki, Mahalakshmi Ishwar
INTRODUCTION: Total thyroidectomy has been used to treat patients with malignant thyroid disease. But for patients with benign thyroid disease, the safety and efficacy of total thyroidectomy is a matter of debate. Subtotal thyroidectomy that was previously the treatment of choice for benign thyroid disease has been associated with high recurrence rates. The risk of permanent complications is greatly increased in patients who undergo surgery for recurrence of benign thyroid disease. Total thyroidectomy is an operation that can be safely performed, with low incidence of permanent complications, which allows one to broaden its indications in various benign thyroid diseases, thus avoiding future recurrences and reoperations...
June 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Maria Angela Gosein, Dylan Narinesingh, Cemonne Ann-Alicia Celeste Nixon, Sanjeeva Reddy Goli, Paramanand Maharaj, Alexander Sinanan
BACKGROUND: Cowden syndrome is an autosomal dominant disorder with a predisposition to multiple benign and malignant tumors. In our patient, in addition to breast and endometrial malignancies as well as facial trichilemmomas, she was noted to have multiple meningiomas, pancreatic lipomas and lung cysts. These latter lesions have been noted in previous Cowden syndrome case reports, but are not included in the diagnostic criteria at this time. To our knowledge, this is the first case of multiple meningiomas in this syndrome...
2016: BMC Research Notes
Jiangke Tian, Lei Li, Peng Liu, Xuan Wang
Despite minimal evidence, thyroid drains are routinely used as a precaution against hematoma in thyroidectomy. We undertook the present meta-analysis to evaluate the patient outcomes associated with post-surgical drainage, and whether it offers any advantage over no drainage in patients undergoing thyroidectomy. Randomized and two-arm studies comparing the efficacy of total or partial thyroidectomy with or without post-surgery drainage, in patients undergoing thyroid surgery were included. Medline, Cochrane, EMBASE, and Google Scholar databases were searched until January 22, 2015, using the terms, "thyroidectomy, subtotal thyroidectomy, total thyroidectomy, drainage, thyroid cancer, and goiter...
July 28, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Abdul-Latif Hamdan, Alexander Dowli, Jad Jabbour, Alain Sabri, Sami T Azar
Our objective is to report on the prevalence of phonatory symptoms and impact on quality of life in a group of female patients with goiter who had not been selected for surgery or who had not presented to the emergency room with respiratory distress. A total of 40 patients with goiter and 14 controls were enrolled in this study. Demographic data included age, sex, laryngopharyngeal reflux disease, allergy, smoking, duration of disease, presence or absence of compressive symptoms, presence or absence of thyroid gland nodules, vascular status, presence or absence of calcifications, and thyroid-stimulating hormone levels...
July 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Yann-Sheng Lin, Hsin-Yi Wu, Ming-Chin Yu, Chih-Chieh Hsu, Tzu-Chieh Chao
BACKGROUND: the difference in the risk of thyroid malignancy for patients with multinodular goiter (MNG) and solitary nodular goiter (SNG) remains controversial. Although total thyroidectomy (TT) is the current preferred surgical option for MNG, permanent hypothyroidism in these patients may be a concern. Therefore, we discuss whether nontotal thyroidectomy is a reasonable alternative surgical option. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed for 1598 consecutive patients who underwent thyroid surgery for nodular goiter between January 2007 and December 2012...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Elena González-Sánchez-Migallón, Benito Flores-Pastor, Carmen Victoria Pérez-Guarinos, Joana Miguel-Perelló, Asunción Chaves-Benito, Fátima Illán-Gómez, Andrés Carrillo-Alcaraz, José Luis Aguayo-Albasini
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Thyroid cancer may be clinically evident as a tumor mass in the neck or as a histopathological incidental finding after thyroid surgery for an apparent benign condition. Our objective was to assess the differences in clinical signs, surgical management, and course between incidental and clinically diagnosed thyroid tumors. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted on patients operated on for benign or malignant thyroid disease from January 2000 to March 2014...
July 11, 2016: Endocrinología y Nutrición: órgano de la Sociedad Española de Endocrinología y Nutrición
Doh Young Lee, Jae-Kyung Won, Hoon Sung Choi, Do Joon Park, Kyeong Cheon Jung, Myung-Whun Sung, Kwang Hyun Kim, J Hun Hah, Young Joo Park
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to evaluate the recurrence and survival after initial curative-intent surgery of resectable anaplastic thyroid cancer (ATC) and poorly differentiated thyroid cancer (PDTC). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients with ATC and PDTC who had been treated between 1985 and 2013. Among them, 119 patients who had undergone surgery with curative intent were included in this study. The outcome measures included the clinical response to treatment and the recurrence rates of three separate thyroid cancer groups: ATC, differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) with anaplastic foci, and PDTC...
September 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
Elżbieta Andrysiak-Mamos, Ewa Żochowska, Agnieszka Kaźmierczyk-Puchalska, Michał Popow, Dorota Kaczmarska-Turek, Janusz Pachucki, Tomasz Bednarczuk, Anhelli Syrenicz
INTRODUCTION: Hypocalcaemia is a common postoperative complication, both after the resection of parathyroid adenoma associated with primary hyperparathyroidism and after total thyroidectomy due to thyroid cancer or nodular goitre. For a few years, in patients with postoperative hypoparathyroidism and severe hypocalcaemia, who cannot discontinue intravenous calcium preparations even with the use of high vitamin D doses, attempts have been made to add recombinant human parathormone (rhPTH) to the treatment schedule...
2016: Endokrynologia Polska
Yuanyuan Tang, Xiuzhen Sun, Jizhe Wang
A 67-year-old male patient was admitted because of "the right side nasal obstruction repeatedly for 4 years". He got nasal obstruction 4 years ago, especially for the right side nasal cavity, sometimes got blood in his nasal discharge, then the symptom relieved after accepting treatment in local hospital. During the 4 years, the symptom repeatedly occurrence. Three days before hospitalization, the CT examination indicated abnormal things in his nasal cavity and the bone of his nasal sinus had been destroyed...
February 2016: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
Per Cramon, Kristian Hillert Winther, Torquil Watt, Steen Joop Bonnema, Jakob Bue Bjorner, Ola Ekholm, Mogens Groenvold, Laszlo Hegedüs, Ulla Feldt-Rasmussen, Åse Krogh Rasmussen
BACKGROUND: The treatment of hyperthyroidism is aimed at improving health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and reducing morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have used validated questionnaires to assess HRQoL prospectively in such patients. The purpose of this study was to assess the impact of hyperthyroidism and its treatment on HRQoL using validated disease-specific and generic questionnaires. METHODS: This prospective cohort study enrolled 88 patients with Graves' hyperthyroidism and 68 with toxic nodular goiter from endocrine outpatient clinics at two Danish university hospitals...
August 2016: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
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