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goiter surgery

P F Alesina, B Meier, J Hinrichs, W Mohmand, M K Walz
PURPOSE: Visualization and precise dissection of the parathyroid glands are a crucial step of thyroidectomy. Moreover, identification of parathyroid adenoma in patients with primary hyperparathyroidism can be challenging due to the possible abnormal location of the enlarged parathyroid. Near-infrared fluorescence (NIR) can be adopted during video-assisted neck surgery in addition to standard endoscopic magnification to enhance the visualization of the parathyroid tissue. METHODS: Between July and August 2017, five patients (one male, four females) underwent video-assisted neck surgery at our hospital...
March 13, 2018: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
Kun Huang, Ningning Gao, Qixi Zhai, Donglin Bian, Difei Wang, Xuemei Wang
This study investigates the application of ultrasound, especially the anteroposterior diameter of nodules in the malignancy and metastasis risk assessment of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma through a retrospective analysis of 500 cases of thyroid nodule ultrasonography.We selected 500 patients with thyroid nodules (maximum nodule diameter ≤2.0 cm) that had been diagnosed clinically and graded TI-RADS 4c by ultrasonography and surgically treated. Among these, there were 258 cases of pathologically diagnosed papillary thyroid microcarcinoma, 72 cases of nodular goiter or adenoma, 137 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma, 28 cases of acinar cell carcinoma, and 5 cases of undifferentiated carcinoma...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Rohan K Henry, Monika Chaudhari
BACKGROUND: Amiodarone-induced thyrotoxicosis (AIT) type 2, characterized as a destructive thyroiditis, is well described in the medical literature; however, iodine-induced thyrotoxicosis (IIT) is not, though the latter has similar features and can be managed similarly. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a 17-year-old female who presented with a history of an intermittent goiter with thyroid function tests (TFTs): thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH)<0.015 (0.4-4 μU/mL), free thyroxine (T4)≥6 (0...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Jing Yang, Shu Liu, Zhe Yang, Yin Bing Shi
RATIONALE: Ectopic thyrotropin (TSH)-secreting pituitary adenomas are exceedingly rare. To date, there are only 6 cases reported. Here, we describe an even rarer ectopic TSH-secreting pituitary adenoma (TSH-oma) concomitant with papillary thyroid carcinoma. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 27-year-old female was admitted to the hospital in 2002 for neck enlargement and palpitation. Thyroid function test showed increased thyroid hormones and unrepressed TSH. Thyroid ultrasound examination displayed diffuse goiter...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
Theodoros Piperos, Ioannis Kaklamanos, Dimosthenis Chrysikos, Maria Zarokosta, Eleni Boumpa, Menelaos Zoulamoglou, Vasileios Kalles, Georgia-Ioanna Gkogka, Theodoros Mariolis-Sapsakos
The extralaryngeal bifurcation point of the recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) is typically located in a mean distance of 0-2 cm from the cricothyroid joint (CTJ). In the presented case though, the left RLN was unexpectedly identified bifurcating in a mean distance of 7 cm from the left CTJ in a young woman with multinodular goiter during total thyroidectomy. The RLN was carefully exposed throughout its course for the avoidance of iatrogenic injury of the nerval structure. The operation was uneventful. The present manuscript aims to highlight a scarce anatomic variation and its implications for thyroidectomy...
January 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Detlef K Bartsch, Markus Luster, Heinz J Buhr, Dietmar Lorenz, Christoph-Thomas Germer, Peter E Goretzki
BACKGROUND: Thyroidectomy is still three to six times more common in Germany than in the USA, Great Britain, and the Scandinavian countries. Thus, the question is often asked whether thyroidectomy in Germany is being performed for the correct indications. METHODS: This review is based on studies and guidelines containing information on the indications for surgery in benign goiter and Graves' disease; these publications were retrieved by a systematic literature search in the Medline and Cochrane Library databases (1990-2016)...
January 8, 2018: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Nuri A Sahbaz, Firat Tutal, Nihat Aksakal, Sami Acar, Kadir I Aksu, Umut Barbaros, Yesim Erbil
Retrosternal goiter prevalence is 5 to 40 per cent according to classifications in goiter series. Goiters with mediastinal extension were reported to be related with higher cancer rates. In our study, we aimed to investigate whether cancer incidence increased in retrosternal goiters compared with the cervical ones. Three hundred and ninety consecutive patients, who had surgery because of retrosternal goiter in Istanbul University Medical Faculty Department of General Surgery between 2005 and 2015 were included in the study (Group 1)...
December 1, 2017: American Surgeon
Özer Makay
Benign goiter is the most common endocrine disease that requires surgery, especially in endemic areas suffering from iodine-deficiency. Recent European and American guidelines recommended total thyroidectomy for the surgical treatment of multinodular goiter. Total thyroidectomy has now become the technique of choice and is widely considered the most reliable approach in preventing recurrence. Nevertheless, total thyroidectomy carries a substantial risk in terms of hypoparathyroidism and the morbidity associated with injury to the inferior laryngeal nerve...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
Norihiko Ishikawa, Yumiko Ohtake, Go Watanabe
A 66-year-old woman was referred to our institute for an enlarging tumor of the thyroid, and neck and chest computed tomography scan showed not only a thyroid tumor, but also an anterior mediastinal tumor and ground-glass nodules in the lung. Because of persisting symptoms, an enlarging thyroid mass, and the possibility of cancer, excision of the tumors was proposed. A 6-cm-long vertical skin incision was made in the right axilla, a mini-thoracotomy was made in the third intercostal space, and an additional port was placed in the fifth intercostal space...
January 6, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Fereidoun Azizi, Atieh Amouzegar
BACKGROUND: Diffuse toxic goiter accounts for about 15% of all childhood thyroid diseases. There is great controversy over the management of Graves' disease in children and adolescents. This article reports our experience in 304 children and juvenile patients with Graves' disease. METHODS: Between 1981 and 2015, 304 patients aged 5-19 years with diffuse toxic goiter were studied, of whom 296 patients were treated with antithyroid drugs (ATD) for 18 months. Patients with persistent or relapsed hyperthyroidism who refused ablative therapy with surgery or radioiodine were managed with continuous methimazole (MMI) treatment...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
Xiao-Wei Peng, Hui Li, Zan Li, Xiao Zhou, Da-Jiang Song, Bo Zhou, Chun-Liu Lv, Wen Peng
In this video we describe a kind of modified transoral endoscopic thyroid surgery involving meticulous dissection of mental nerve. Inclusion criteria are: the diameter of benign tumors such as thyroid cyst, nodular goiter were limited less than 50 mm; the malignant thyroid tumors including follicular and papillary microcarcinoma were defined as a papillary carcinoma <2 cm in diameter and endoscopic surgery required for the patient. A 6 cm arc-shaped incision was designed at oral vestibule. The branches of mental nerves at both sides were identified and exposed carefully...
December 2017: Gland Surgery
Riju R Menon, Sreedutt Murali, C Gopalakrishnan Nair, Misha J C Babu, Pradeep Jacob
Introductíon: Goiter is a very common problem dealt with by surgeons. Surgical treatment of thyroid requires removal of a part (hemi) or whole of the gland (total thyroidectomy). The external branch of the superior laryngeal nerve (EBSLN) is an important but less researched structure to be preserved during surgery. Various studies have described the incidence of different types of EBSLN, but have not described regarding the relationship between the change in volume of the gland to the nerve...
November 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
Line Underbjerg, Tanja Sikjaer, Lars Rejnmark
Hypoparathyroidism is associated with an increased risk of various complications, but only few data are available on risk factors. Using a case-control design, we assessed associations between biochemical findings and risk of different complications within a subpopulation of our previously identified Danish patients. We retrieved all biochemical data available on 431 (81% women) patients from the Central Region of Denmark, covering approximately 20% of the Danish population. Average age of patients was 41 years at time of diagnosis...
December 27, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
Akif Enes Arıkan, Serkan Teksöz, İsmail Ahmet Bilgin, Özge Tarhan, Ateş Özyeğin
Although vocal cord paralysis (VCP) following thyroidectomy is primarily associated with surgical trauma, it is not the sole etiology. Vocal cord paralysis following thyroidectomy can be caused by a vocal cord hematoma with an incidence of 1.4% due to direct injury during orotracheal intubation. In this article, we present a case of VCP caused by vocal cord hematoma. A 32-year-old male patient who has been receiving propylthiouracil treatment for toxic multinodular goiter since 10 years was admitted to our hospital to be operated because of persisting complaints...
2017: Turkish Journal of Surgery
Maria Elena De Piero, Diego Fontana, Francesco Quaglino, Matteo Attisani, Francesca Baroncelli, Alice Cavallo, Tiziana Gentile, Sergio Livigni
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 17, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
Ayse Cigdem Tutuncu, Emre Erbabacan, Serkan Teksoz, Birsel Ekici, Guniz Koksal, Fatis Altintas, Guner Kaya, Murat Ozcan
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to assess possible risk factors related to difficult intubation in patients undergoing thyroid surgery. METHODS: We prospectively collected data of 200 patients scheduled for thyroid surgery. Clinical risk factors were defined as: Mallampati score, interincisor gap, thyromental distance, sternomental distance, range of neck motion, body mass index, neck circumference, goiter, the presence of radiological findings suggesting compression and thyroid weight...
December 12, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
Jesper Roed Sorensen, Jeppe Faurholdt Lauridsen, Helle Døssing, Nina Nguyen, Laszlo Hegedüs, Steen Joop Bonnema, Christian Godballe
Objective: A large goiter may cause compression of the trachea. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of thyroidectomy on tracheal anatomy and airflow and to correlate this with changes in health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients with benign nodular goiter. Methods: Magnetic resonance images of the neck and respiratory flow-volume curves, including both inspiration and expiration, were performed prior to and 6 months following surgery. HRQoL was measured by selected scales from the thyroid-specific patient-reported outcome (ThyPRO)...
November 2017: European Thyroid Journal
Sepideh Siadati, Seyed Mozafar Rabiee, Ebrahim Alijanpour, Mohammad Ali Bayani, Novin Nikbakhsh
Background: Fine needle aspiration (FNA) is the most important method in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules before surgery. Recently, the efficiency of FNA in thyroid nodule management has been debatable. On the other hand, intraoperative frozen section (FS) has been used to confirm the diagnosis of FNA and select the proper surgical approach. In this regard, the present study aimed to assess the diagnostic value of FNA as compared to FS in the diagnosis of thyroid nodules. Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 69 patients with FNA and FS and histopathological examination from 1993 to 2014 in Babol, northern Iran...
2017: Caspian Journal of Internal Medicine
Naomi Rabinovics, Gideon Bachar, Tom Raz-Yarkoni, Raphael Feinmesser
AIMS: To review the experience of a single-center with RATS and to assess its outcome, feasibility and safety. BACKGROUND: With the advent of minimally invasive techniquesin thyroid surgery, robot-assisted transaxillary thyroid surgery (RATS) has become one of the most popular approaches. Its main advantages are improved cosmetic outcome, thereby increasing patient satisfaction, improved visualization and range of motion. Several large-scale studies, have demonstrated its safety and feasibility...
November 2017: Harefuah
Chisato Tomoda, Kiminori Sugino, Tomoaki Tanaka, Yuna Ogimi, Chie Masaki, Junko Akaishi, Kiyomi Y Hames, Akifumi Suzuki, Kenichi Matsuzu, Takashi Uruno, Keiko Ohkuwa, Wataru Kitagawa, Mitsuji Nagahama, Koichi Ito
BACKGROUND: The number of patients who need thyroid surgery has increased worldwide in recent decades. Patients with thyroid disease experience globus pharyngeus as a result of direct compression and edema of the surrounding organs. Thyroid surgery is needed to improve these symptoms or as treatment for thyroid cancer. After thyroid surgery, globus symptoms may become worse and may affect the daily life of the patient for a long time. Psychogenic problems have also been thought to cause the globus sensation...
January 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
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