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Echocardiographic

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045974/-echocardiographic-diagnosis-of-infracardiac-total-anomalous-pulmonary-venous-connection
#1
S T Ren, Y Wang, J H Zhou, J Long, C H Wang, D B Li, Y Z Huang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical usefulness of echocardiography in the diagnosis of infracardiac total anomalous pulmonary venous connection (ITAPVC) in neonates and infants. METHODS: Retrospective analysis on 8 patients with ITAPVC was performed using echocardiography between April 2006 and December 2016. There were 4 boys and 4 girls with a mean age of 79.8 days (ranging from 15 to 195 days). A combined scanning via parasternal, subcostal and apical acoustic windows had been employed to diagnose ITAPVC and to trace the course and site of the anomalous pulmonary venous drainage, and to confirm the direction of the inter-atrial shunt and enlargement of right atrium and right ventricle...
October 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045589/standardization-of-adult-transthoracic-echocardiography-reporting-in-agreement-with-recent-chamber-quantification-diastolic-function-and-heart-valve-disease-recommendations-an-expert-consensus-document-of-the-european-association-of-cardiovascular-imaging
#2
Maurizio Galderisi, Bernard Cosyns, Thor Edvardsen, Nuno Cardim, Victoria Delgado, Giovanni Di Salvo, Erwan Donal, Leyla Elif Sade, Laura Ernande, Madalina Garbi, Julia Grapsa, Andreas Hagendorff, Otto Kamp, Julien Magne, Ciro Santoro, Alexandros Stefanidis, Patrizio Lancellotti, Bogdan Popescu, Gilbert Habib
Aims: This European Association Cardiovascular Imaging (EACVI) Expert Consensus document aims at defining the main quantitative information on cardiac structure and function that needs to be included in standard echocardiographic report following recent ASE/EACVI chamber quantification, diastolic function, and heart valve disease recommendations. The document focuses on general reporting and specific pathological conditions such as heart failure, coronary artery and valvular heart disease, cardiomyopathies, and systemic diseases...
October 17, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045290/the-prognostic-implications-of-two-dimensional-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-current-and-future-perspectives
#3
Thomas Zegkos, Despoina Parcharidou, Dimitrios Ntelios, Georgios Efthimiadis, Haralambos Karvounis
Two-dimensional (2D) speckle tracking echocardiography represents a novel, simple and reproducible technique for the estimation of left ventricular myocardial deformation (strain) and the evaluation of left ventricular twist mechanics. During the last few years, its clinical and prognostic implications in cardiomyopathies and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) in particular have been rapidly increasing. Reduced global longitudinal strain is associated with more severe disease and confers an increased risk for major cardiac events, independently of other clinical and echocardiographic risk factors...
October 17, 2017: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045277/determinants-of-improvement-in-cardiopulmonary-exercise-testing-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#4
Andrew N Rosenbaum, Shannon M Dunlay, Naveen L Pereira, Thomas G Allison, Simon Maltais, John M Stulak, Lyle D Joyce, Sudhir S Kushwaha
Although improvement in cardiac output and hemodynamic parameters is routinely demonstrated in patients implanted with continuous-flow left ventricular assist devices (CF-LVADs), improvement in exercise capacity is inconsistently seen. Our purpose was to determine whether native cardiac factors, LVAD factors, or comorbid factors were associated with lack of improvement. Review of all patients undergoing preimplant cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) and CPET on LVAD therapy at one institution was performed between 2007 and 2014 (n = 49)...
October 18, 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044678/preliminary-investigation-of-orally-administered-benazepril-in-horses-with-left-sided-valvular-regurgitation
#5
T Afonso, S Giguère, S A Brown, M H Barton, G Rapoport, M Barba, K A Dembek, R E Toribio, A E Coleman
BACKGROUND: Despite the paucity of data available, orally administered angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors are empirically used in horses with valvular regurgitation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the echocardiographic and hormonal changes in response to oral benazepril in horses with left-sided valvular regurgitation. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, randomised double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. METHODS: Horses with mitral valve (MR) and/or aortic valve regurgitation (AR) received oral benazepril (n = 6) at a dosage of 1 mg/kg q 12h or a placebo (n = 5) for 28 days...
October 17, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044493/combining-echo-and-natriuretic-peptides-to-guide-heart-failure-care-in-the-outpatient-setting-a-position-paper
#6
REVIEW
Frank Lloyd Dini, Erberto Carluccio, Fabrizio Montecucco, Gian Marco Rosa, Paolo Fontanive
BACKGROUND: Chronic heart failure (HF) is a relevant and growing public health problem. Although the prognosis has recently improved, it remains a lethal disease, with a mortality that equals or exceeds that of many malignancies. Furthermore, chronic HF is costly, representing a large and growing drain on healthcare resources. METHODS: This narrative review is based on the material searched for and obtained via PubMed up to May 2017. The search terms we used were: "heart failure, echocardiography, natriuretic peptides" in combination with "treatment, biomarkers, guidelines"...
October 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044094/evaluation-of-tp-e-interval-tp-e-qt-ratio-and-tp-e-qtc-ratio-in-patients-with-mitral-valve-stenosis-before-and-after-balloon-valvuloplasty
#7
Muhammet Dural, Kadir Uğur Mert, Kemal İskenderov
OBJECTIVE: Sympathetic activity increases in patients with mitral stenosis (MS). The association between prolonged Tpeak-Tend (Tp-e) interval and increased sympathetic activity has been demonstrated. This study aimed to evaluate Tp-e interval, Tp-e/QT ratio, and Tp-e/corrected QT interval (QTc) ratio in patients with MS before and after balloon valvuloplasty. METHODS: Thirty patients with severe MS and 30 sex-, body mass index-, and and age-matched healthy control subjects were enrolled...
October 13, 2017: Anatolian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044013/-acute-aortic-regurgitation-due-to-infective-endocarditis
#8
Claudia M Cortés, José H Casabé, Roberto R Favaloro, Héctor Raffaelli, Eduardo Dulbecco, José Abud, Fabián Salmo, Melina Riesco, Milagros Seijo, Eduardo Guevara
Acute aortic regurgitation (AAR) due to infective endocarditis (IE) is a serious disease and usually requires surgical treatment. Our study aims to compare the clinical, echocardiographic, and microbiological characteristics as well as in-hospital outcome of patients with AAR according to the severity of heart failure (HF) and to evaluate predictors of in-hospital mortality in a tertiary centre. In a prospective analysis, we compared patients with NYHA functional class I-II HF (G1) vs. functional class III-IV HF (G2)...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043465/comparison-of-strain-imaging-techniques-in-crt-candidates-cmr-tagging-cmr-feature-tracking-and-speckle-tracking-echocardiography
#9
Wouter M van Everdingen, Alwin Zweerink, Robin Nijveldt, Odette A E Salden, Mathias Meine, Alexander H Maass, Kevin Vernooy, Frederik J De Lange, Albert C van Rossum, Pierre Croisille, Patrick Clarysse, Bastiaan Geelhoed, Michiel Rienstra, Isabelle C Van Gelder, Marc A Vos, Cornelis P Allaart, Maarten J Cramer
Parameters using myocardial strain analysis may predict response to cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). As the agreement between currently available strain imaging modalities is unknown, three different modalities were compared. Twenty-seven CRT-candidates, prospectively included in the MARC study, underwent cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) imaging and echocardiographic examination. Left ventricular (LV) circumferential strain was analysed with CMR tagging (CMR-TAG), CMR feature tracking (CMR-FT), and speckle tracking echocardiography (STE)...
October 17, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043398/oral-paracetamol-for-patent-ductus-arteriosus-rescue-closure
#10
Pramod Pharande, Hadley Watson, Kenneth Tan, Arvind Sehgal
The objective of this study was to ascertain the efficacy of oral paracetamol in closing a symptomatic patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) when used as 'rescue' option. After obtaining ethics approval, a retrospective appraisal of the data from April 2014 to July 2015 was performed. Infants who were administered oral paracetamol either after unsuccessful therapy with ibuprofen or where it was considered contraindicated were included. A previously published echocardiographic scoring schema to stratify for ductal disease severity was used...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042956/evaluation-of-the-hemodynamics-and-right-ventricular-function-in-pulmonary-hypertension-by-echocardiography-compared-with-right-sided-heart-catheterization
#11
Yidan Li, Yidan Wang, Hong Li, Weiwei Zhu, Xiangli Meng, Xiuzhang Lu
The present study aimed to evaluate hemodynamics and right ventricular function in patients with pulmonary hypertension (PH) using transthoracic echocardiography and to compare these results with measurements obtained using right-sided heart catheterization (RHC). A total of 75 patients with PH were examined using echocardiography and RHC. Patients were divided into the following two groups according to their difference between SPAPecho and SPAPRHC measurement: The overestimated group and underestimated group...
October 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042294/impaired-cardiac-autonomic-regulation-and-long-term-risk-of-atrial-fibrillation-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#12
Santeri Nortamo, Olavi Ukkola, Antti Kiviniemi, Mikko Tulppo, Heikki Huikuri, Juha Perkiömäki
BACKGROUND: The influence of autonomic cardiac regulation on long-term risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation (AF) in coronary artery disease (CAD) is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of heart rate variability (HRV), a marker of cardiac autonomic regulation, in predicting new-onset AF in CAD. METHODS: The Innovation to Reduce Cardiovascular Complications of Diabetes at the Intersection (ARTEMIS) study population consisted of 1,946 patients with CAD...
October 14, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042007/direct-comparison-of-the-edwards-intuity-elite-and-sorin-perceval-s-rapid-deployment-aortic-valves
#13
Oliver J Liakopoulos, Stephen Gerfer, Simone Weider, Parwis Rahmanian, Mohamed Zeriouh, Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Anton Sabashnikov, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Jens Wippermann, Thorsten Wahlers
BACKGROUND: Rapid deployment aortic valve replacement (RDAVR) has emerged as an attractive alternative to conventional aortic valve replacement. This single-center study directly compared two commercially available rapid deployment valves with regard to clinical outcomes, valve-related complications, and hemodynamic performance. METHODS: A total of consecutive 156 patients underwent RDAVR with the Intuity Elite (Edwards Lifesciences, Irvine, CA [Intuity group, n = 117] or the Perceval S (Sorin Group Italia Srl, Saluggia, Italy [Perceval group, n = 39]) between September 2012 and March 2016 at our institution...
October 14, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041912/quality-of-life-questionnaire-predicts-poor-exercise-capacity-only-in-hfpef-and-not-in-hfref
#14
Artan Ahmeti, Michael Y Henein, Pranvera Ibrahimi, Shpend Elezi, Edmond Haliti, Afrim Poniku, Arlind Batalli, Gani Bajraktari
BACKGROUND: The Minnesota Living with Heart Failure Questionnaire (MLHFQ) is the most widely used measure of quality of life (QoL) in HF patients. This prospective study aimed to assess the relationship between QoL and exercise capacity in HF patients. METHODS: The study subjects were 118 consecutive patients with chronic HF (62 ± 10 years, 57 females, in NYHA I-III). Patients answered a MLHFQ questionnaire in the same day of complete clinical, biochemical and echocardiographic assessment...
October 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041884/-syndrome-takotsubo-the-value-of-echocardiography
#15
N M Alekhin
Analysis of diagnostic and prognostic possibilities of echocardiography in patients with Takotsubo syndrome is given in this review. Special characteristics of local wall motion abnormalities of the left ventricle are presented and main variants of transitory derangements of local contractility are described. Changes of parameters of deformation of left and right ventricles in acute period and during follow-up are analyzed in detail. A spectrum of complications of the syndrome in detection of which echocardiography plays the leading role is outlined...
July 2017: Kardiologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039838/-atrial-septal-aneurysm-evolution-of-diagnostic-and-clinical-judgements
#16
A S Rudoy, A A Bova, T A Nekhaichik
The article discusses anatomical and clinical judgements on atrial septal aneurysm (ASA) as a primary cardiac structural abnormality. It presents current approaches to the classification of ASA and its echocardiographic diagnosis. Special attention is focused on the clinical significance of ASA as an isolated anomaly and concurrent with other structural abnormalities of the heart, especially from the standpoint of a risk of cardioembolic stroke.
2017: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039313/transcatheter-aortic-valve-replacement-in-patients-with-non-calcific-aortic-stenosis
#17
Tian-Yuan Xiong, Yuan Feng, Yan-Biao Liao, Yi-Jian Li, Zhen-Gang Zhao, Xin Wei, Yuan-Ning Xu, Jia-Fu Wei, Yong Peng, Nicolo Piazza, Darren Mylotte, Mao Chen
AIMS: Limited information exists describing the results of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in patients with symptomatic severe non-calcific aortic stenosis (AS). METHODS AND RESULTS: We retrospectively identified patients with non-calcific AS who received TAVR with self-expanding transcatheter heart valves in our center. Clinical and echocardiographic outcomes, and post-procedural multi-detector computed tomography (MDCT) measures were compared to patients undergoing TAVR for calcific AS...
October 17, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038823/left-ventricular-twist-in-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy-predictor-of-nonsustained-ventricular-tachycardia
#18
O Candan, C Gecmen, A Kalaycı, E Bayam, A Guner, S Gunduz, S Cersit, M Ozkan
BACKGROUND: We investigated the efficacy of clinical and classic echocardiographic parameters in predicting the occurrence of nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (NsVT) in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). METHODS: The study comprised 59 patients with HCM (47 male, [80%]; mean age, 48.48 ± 14.16 years). Clinical, electrocardiographic, as well as classic two-dimensional and speckle-tracking echocardiography (STE) data were collected. All patients had Holter monitoring within 24-72 h of the echocardiographic examination...
October 16, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038355/isolated-heart-model-demonstrates-evidence-of-contractile-and-diastolic-dysfunction-in-right-ventricles-from-rats-with-sugen-hypoxia-induced-pulmonary-hypertension
#19
Evandro M Neto-Neves, Andrea L Frump, Alexandra Vayl, Jeffrey A Kline, Tim Lahm
Although extensively used for the study of left ventricular function, limited experience exists with the isolated heart model in the evaluation of right ventricular (RV) function. In particular, no published experience exists with this tool in sugen/hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension (SuHx-PH), a frequently used model of severe and progressive PH We sought to characterize markers of RV contractile and diastolic function in SuHx-PH and to establish their relationship with markers of maladaptive RV remodeling...
October 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037446/transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-futility-risk-model-development-and-validation-among-treated-patients-with-aortic-stenosis
#20
Oren Zusman, Ran Kornowski, Guy Witberg, Adi Lador, Katia Orvin, Amos Levi, Abid Assali, Hana Vaknin-Assa, Ram Sharony, Yaron Shapira, Alexander Sagie, Uri Landes
Risk-benefit assessment for transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is still evolving. A sizeable group of patients do not fully benefit from intervention despite a technically successful procedure. All patients who underwent TAVI with device success and with no Valve Academic Research Consortium (VARC)-2 defined complications were included. Various demographic data, clinical details, and echocardiographic findings were examined. The outcome was defined as 1-year composite of mortality, stroke, lack of functional-class improvement (by New York Heart Association class), and readmissions (≥1 month after the procedure)...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
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