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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208940/neurological-disorders-complicating-pregnancy-focus-on-obstetric-outcome
#1
Sandya Renukesh, Lavanya Rai
INTRODUCTION: Neurological disorders in pregnancy can be pregnancy related or can be caused by exacerbation of a pre-existing neurological condition or sometimes may even be detected for the first time during pregnancy in which it might be an incidental finding. The diagnosis and management of the neurological disorders in pregnancy is always a challenging task due to varied symptomatology and risks to the fetus. The evaluation and management should be performed in a stepwise fashion and requires multidisciplinary approach...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199920/family-burden-child-disability-and-the-adjustment-of-mothers-caring-for-children-with-epilepsy-role-of-social-support-and-coping
#2
Jeffrey M Carlson, Paul A Miller
PURPOSE: This study was designed to contribute to the existing research on the coping behaviors, social support, and mental health outcomes in parents of children with epilepsy in the United States. METHODS: Participants included 152, predominantly Caucasian (89.5%), married (78.9%) women (95.4%). Via a web-based interface, mothers completed questionnaires assessing the impact of their child's disability on their family (i.e., severity of their child's disability, family burden, and personal stress), social resources (i...
February 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188601/sensitivity-of-the-uk-clinical-practice-research-datalink-to-detect-neurodevelopmental-effects-of-medicine-exposure-in-utero-comparative-analysis-of-an-antiepileptic-drug-exposed-cohort
#3
R A Charlton, A McGrogan, J Snowball, L M Yates, A Wood, J Clayton-Smith, W H Smithson, J L Richardson, N McHugh, S H L Thomas, G A Baker, R Bromley
INTRODUCTION: Electronic healthcare data have several advantages over prospective observational studies, but the sensitivity of data on neurodevelopmental outcomes and its comparability with data generated through other methodologies is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to determine whether data from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) produces similar risk estimates to a prospective cohort study in relation to the risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) following prenatal antiepileptic drug (AED) exposure...
February 10, 2017: Drug Safety: An International Journal of Medical Toxicology and Drug Experience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176327/women-treated-for-epilepsy-during-pregnancy-outcomes-from-a-nationwide-population-based-cohort-study
#4
Miia Artama, Jemina Ahola, Jani Raitanen, Jukka Uotila, Mika Gissler, Jouko Isojärvi, Anssi Auvinen
INTRODUCTION: Women with epilepsy (WWE) are generally treated as a risk group during pregnancy, but over 90% of pregnant WWE have favorable pregnancies. However, the risk of some pregnancy and delivery complications may be increased among WWE, especially regarding those on antiepileptic drugs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This nationwide, retrospective population-based cohort study includes WWE who gave birth in Finland during 1987-2008 (n=1737) and the reference cohort of random sample of women without epilepsy (n=4357)...
February 7, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167358/evaluation-of-pharmacists-knowledge-of-women-s-issues-in-epilepsy-a-cross-sectional-study-in-palestinian-pharmacy-practice
#5
Ramzi Shawahna, Ahlam Atrash, Aman Jebril, Areen Khalaf, Eman Shaheen, Hala Tahboosh
PURPOSE: Pharmacists are key players in providing healthcare for patients with chronic diseases including women with epilepsy. The purpose of this study was to assess pharmacist's knowledge of women's issues in epilepsy in the Palestinian pharmacy practice. METHOD: The study was conducted in a cross-sectional observational design using a 12-item test on women's health in epilepsy. Demographic details were collected. Scores were calculated as percentage of correct answers for each pharmacist...
January 19, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28161676/theory-of-planned-behavior-including-self-stigma-and-perceived-barriers-explain-help-seeking-behavior-for-sexual-problems-in-iranian-women-suffering-from-epilepsy
#6
Chung-Ying Lin, Sonia Oveisi, Andrea Burri, Amir H Pakpour
PURPOSE: To apply the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) and the two additional concepts self-stigma and perceived barriers to the help-seeking behavior for sexual problems in women with epilepsy. METHODS: In this 18-month follow-up study, TPB elements, including attitude, subjective norm, perceived behavioral control, and behavioral intention along with self-stigma and perceived barriers in seeking help for sexual problems were assessed in n=818 women with epilepsy (94...
February 2, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142100/epilepsy-and-treatment-gap-in-urban-and-rural-areas-of-the-southern-kazakhstan-in-adults
#7
Alla Guekht, Nazira Zharkinbekova, Alexander Shpak, W Allen Hauser
PURPOSE: There are no data in the English literature about the epidemiology of epilepsy in the large countries in the Asian region of the former Soviet Union. This paper presents the results of epidemiological studies of active epilepsy in the population 14years of age and older in the Province of South Kazakhstan. METHODS: The study population consisted of 306.44 thousand persons: 139.42 in the urban Enbekshinskiy district of the city of Shymkent and 167.02 in the rural Sairam district...
January 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139451/correlates-of-quality-of-life-among-individuals-with-epilepsy-enrolled-in-self-management-research-from-the-us-centers-for-disease-control-and-prevention-managing-epilepsy-well-network
#8
Martha Sajatovic, Curtis Tatsuoka, Elisabeth Welter, Daniel Friedman, Tanya M Spruill, Shelley Stoll, Satya S Sahoo, Ashley Bukach, Yvan A Bamps, Joshua Valdez, Barbara C Jobst
RATIONALE: Epilepsy is a chronic neurological condition that causes substantial burden on patients and families. Quality of life may be reduced due to the stress of coping with epilepsy. For nearly a decade, the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Prevention Research Center's Managing Epilepsy Well (MEW) Network has been conducting research on epilepsy self-management to address research and practice gaps. Studies have been conducted by independent centers across the U.S. Recently, the MEW Network sites, collaboratively, began compiling an integrated database to facilitate aggregate secondary analysis of completed and ongoing studies...
January 27, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139266/-characteristics-diseases-and-mortality-of-people-admitted-to-nursing-homes-for-dependent-seniors-during-the-first-quarter-of-2013%C3%A2-in-france
#9
A Atramont, A Rigault, S Chevalier, G Leblanc, A Fagot-Campagna, P Tuppin
BACKGROUND: To describe the state of health, through healthcare consumption and mortality, of people admitted to nursing homes (Ehpad) in France. METHODS: People over the age of 65 years admitted to an Ehpad institution during the first quarter of 2013, beneficiaries of the national health insurance general scheme (69% of the population of this age), were identified from the Resid-Ehpad database and their reimbursed health care was extracted from the SNIIRAM database, identifying 56 disease groups by means of algorithms (long-term disease diagnoses and hospitalisations, medicinal products, specific procedures)...
January 27, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127505/traumatic-brain-injury-among-female-offenders-in-a-prison-population-results-of-the-fleurytbi-study
#10
Eric Durand, Laurence Watier, Anne Lécu, Michel Fix, Jean-Jacques Weiss, Mathilde Chevignard, Pascale Pradat-Diehl
AIM: The study was designed to estimate the prevalence of traumatic brain injury (TBI) in a French prison population of female offenders, study the variables known to be associated with TBI, and compare our results with those obtained among male offenders as described in a previous paper. PARTICIPANTS: All female offenders (adults and juveniles) consecutively admitted to Fleury-Mérogis prison over a 3-month period were included in the study. METHOD: During the admission procedure, female offenders were interviewed by healthcare staff using a self-reported questionnaire...
January 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125183/maternal-mortality-in-women-with-epilepsy
#11
M Holohan, R O'Doherty, S Murphy
It is estimated that, in Ireland, there are 10,000 women with epilepsy of childbearing potential1. In this paper the maternal mortality rate for women with epilepsy attending the Rotunda Hospital Epilepsy Clinic 2004 - 2013 was determined. There were 3 maternal deaths in women with epilepsy during this time, which represents a mortality rate of 0.8%. In those women who died, there were concerns in relation to risks to the foetus by taking Anti-Epileptic Drugs (AED) and also issues with access to neurology services before pregnancy, acceptance of specialist support and lack of consistency in advice from health care professionals outside of Ireland...
October 12, 2016: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122902/predictors-of-unintended-pregnancy-in-women-with-epilepsy
#12
Andrew G Herzog, Hannah B Mandle, Kaitlyn E Cahill, Kristen M Fowler, W Allen Hauser
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether rates of unintended pregnancy in women with epilepsy (WWE) vary by contraceptive category and when stratified by antiepileptic drug (AED) category. METHODS: These retrospective data come from the Epilepsy Birth Control Registry (EBCR) web-based survey of 1,144 WWE in the community, 18-47 years of age, who provided demographic, epilepsy, AED, contraceptive, and pregnancy data. Participants indicated whether pregnancies were intended or unintended, as well as the type of contraceptive and AED used at conception...
January 25, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110175/ketogenic-diet-therapy-for-epilepsy-during-pregnancy-a-case-series
#13
Elles J T M van der Louw, Tanya J Williams, Bobbie J Henry-Barron, Joanne F Olieman, Johannes J Duvekot, Marijn J Vermeulen, Natalja Bannink, Monique Williams, Rinze F Neuteboom, Eric H Kossoff, Coriene E Catsman-Berrevoets, Mackenzie C Cervenka
PURPOSE: Evaluation of ketogenic diet (KD) therapies for seizure control during pregnancy when safety and appropriate management become considerations. Until now, no information has been available on seizure reduction and human pregnancy related outcomes in women treated with KD therapies. METHOD: We describe two cases of pregnant women with epilepsy treated with KD therapy either as monotherapy (Case 1) or as adjunctive therapy (Case 2). RESULTS: Case 1: A 27 year old woman, gravida1, started the classic KD with medium chain triglyceride (MCT) emulsion and 75g carbohydrate-restriction, later reduced to 47g...
December 26, 2016: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109988/epilepsy-and-restless-legs-syndrome
#14
James D Geyer, Emery E Geyer, Zachary Fetterman, Paul R Carney
OBJECTIVE: Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common neurological movement disorder occurring in approximately 10% of the general population. The prevalence of moderately severe RLS is 2.7% overall (3.7% for women and 1.7% for men). Epilepsy is also a common neurological disorder with significant associated morbidity and impact on quality of life. We evaluated the severity and frequency of primary RLS in patients with localization-related temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and investigated the role of prodromal RLS symptoms as a warning sign and lateralizing indicator...
January 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088682/female-sexual-function-mediates-the-effects-of-medication-adherence-on-quality-of-life-in-people-with-epilepsy
#15
Chung-Ying Lin, Andrea Burri, Bengt Fridlund, Amir H Pakpour
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to understand the mediating effects of female sexual functioning in the association between medication adherence and quality of life (QoL) in Iranian women with epilepsy (WWE). METHODS: Women's sexual functioning was measured using Female Sexual Function Index; QoL using Quality of Life in Epilepsy; epilepsy severity using Liverpool Seizure Severity Scale; subjective medication adherence using Medication Adherence Report Scale; and objective medication adherence using serum level for antiepileptic drugs in 567 WWE...
January 12, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077749/survey-of-obstetrician-gynecologists-in-the-united-states-about-taeniasis-and-cysticercosis
#16
Rebecca L Hall, Britta Anderson, Jay Schulkin, Paul T Cantey, Susan P Montgomery, Jeffrey L Jones
An estimated 50 million persons worldwide are infected with cysticerci, the larval forms of the Taenia solium tapeworm. Neurocysticercosis can cause seizures, epilepsy, and hydrocephalus, and fatal cases have been reported in the United States in immigrants and in travelers returning from endemic countries. Pregnant women with symptomatic neurocysticercosis present treatment challenges, whereas those with the adult tapeworm infection (i.e., taeniasis) can put their infants and other family members, as well as obstetrician-gynecologists and their staff, at risk for cysticercosis...
January 11, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076834/risk-factors-for-posttraumatic-epilepsy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Tao Xu, Xinyuan Yu, Shu Ou, Xi Liu, Jinxian Yuan, Hao Huang, Juan Yang, Liang He, Yangmei Chen
OBJECTIVE: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to identify risk factors for posttraumatic epilepsy (PTE). METHODS: Two electronic databases (Medline and Embase) were searched to identify studies with a cohort, case-control, or cross-sectional design reporting on epidemiologic evidence regarding risk factors for PTE. RESULTS: Men had a higher risk of developing PTE than women [relative ratio (RR), 1.32; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1...
January 8, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055074/surgical-treatment-of-nonlesional-neocortical-epilepsy-long-term-longitudinal-study
#18
Dong Wook Kim, Sang Kun Lee, Hye-Jin Moon, Ki-Young Jung, Kon Chu, Chun-Ki Chung
Importance: The proportion of surgery for nonlesional neocortical epilepsy has recently increased, with a decrease in surgery for mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. However, there are only a few studies regarding the long-term surgical outcome and the potential prognostic factors for patients with nonlesional neocortical epilepsy. Objective: To evaluate the long-term surgical outcome and to identify possible prognostic factors in patients with nonlesional neocortical epilepsy...
January 3, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050973/behavioral-state-classification-in-epileptic-brain-using-intracranial-electrophysiology
#19
Vaclav Kremen, Juliano J Duque, Benjamin H Brinkmann, Brent M Berry, Michal T Kucewicz, Fatemeh Khadjevand, Jamie Van Gompel, Matt Stead, Erik K St Louis, Gregory A Worrell
OBJECTIVE: Automated behavioral state classification can benefit next generation implantable epilepsy devices. In this study we explored the feasibility of automated awake (AW) and slow wave sleep (SWS) classification using wide bandwidth intracranial EEG (iEEG) in patients undergoing evaluation for epilepsy surgery. APPROACH: Data from seven patients (age [Formula: see text], 4 women) who underwent intracranial depth electrode implantation for iEEG monitoring were included...
January 4, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038386/cognitive-functions-in-children-exposed-to-antiepileptic-drugs-in-utero-study-in-georgia
#20
Sofia Kasradze, Nino Gogatishvili, Giorgi Lomidze, Tamar Ediberidze, Marine Lazariashvili, Ketevan Khomeriki, Shorena Mamukadze, Mariam Metreveli, Tamar Gagoshidze, Nino Tatishvili, Torbjörn Tomson
OBJECTIVE: The cognitive teratogenicity of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) has gained increasing attention in the last decade. The objective of the current study was to assess the effects of AED fetal exposure on the cognitive development of children of mothers with epilepsy from Georgia in a controlled study taking into consideration major confounding factors. METHODS: A prospective cohort group was formed from children and mothers registered in the Georgian National AED-Pregnancy Registry...
December 27, 2016: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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