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Proprioceptive training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513271/college-pitchers-demonstrate-directional-differences-in-shoulder-joint-position-sense-compared-to-controls
#1
John Andrew Badagliacco, Andrew Karduna
CONTEXT: The relationship between overhead throwing and its effect on proprioception is not well understood. It is important to gain a better understanding of how these are related to protect overhead athletes from an increased risk of injury. OBJECTIVE: To investigate proprioceptive alterations in the overhead thrower's shoulder. DESIGN: Cross-Sectional Study. Independent variables are: limb (dominant and non-dominant), group (thrower or control), and target angle...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504971/robust-tactile-sensory-responses-in-finger-area-of-primate-motor-cortex-relevant-to-prosthetic-control
#2
Karen E Schroeder, Zachary Irwin, Autumn Bullard, David Thompson, Nicole Bentley, William Stacey, Parag Patil, Cynthia Chestek
OBJECTIVE:  Challenges in improving the performance of dexterous upper-limb brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) have prompted renewed interest in quantifying the amount and type of sensory information naturally encoded in primary motor cortex (M1). Previous single unit studies in monkeys showed M1 is responsive to tactile stimulation, as well as passive and active movement of the limbs. However, recent work in this area has focused primarily on proprioception. Here we examined instead how tactile somatosensation of the hand and fingers is represented in M1...
May 15, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453452/the-efficacy-of-a-huber-exercise-system-mediated-sensorimotor-training-protocol-on-proprioceptive-system-lumbar-movement-control-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-chronic-non-specific-low-back-pain
#3
Amir Letafatkar, Maryam Nazarzadeh, Malihe Hadadnezhad, Niloufar Farivar
BACKGROUND: There is a relation between deficits of the proprioceptive system and movement control dysfunction in patients with chronic low back pain (LBP) but, the exact mechanism of this relation is unknown. Exercise therapy has been recognized as an effective method for low back pain treatment. In spite of this, it is not clear which of the various exercise therapy programs lead to better results. OBJECTIVE: Therefore, the present analyze the efficacy of a HUBER study aims to exercise system mediated sensorimotor training protocol on proprioceptive system, lumbar movement control (LMC) and quality of life (QOL) in patients with chronic non-specific LBP...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#4
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422632/somatosensory-discrimination-intervention-improves-body-position-sense-and-motor-performance-in-children-with-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#5
Belinda McLean, Susan Taylor, Eve Blair, Jane Valentine, Leeanne Carey, Catherine Elliott
OBJECTIVE: This study examined the use of the adult neuroscience-based Sense(©) intervention with children with hemiplegic cerebral palsy (HCP) to improve upper-limb somatosensory discrimination, motor function, and goal performance. METHOD: Seventeen children with HCP (9 boys, 8 girls; mean age = 10.2 yr) participated in this pilot matched-pairs trial with random allocation and 6-mo follow-up (intervention, n = 7; control, n = 10). The intervention group received Sense training 3×/wk for 6 wk (18 hr)...
May 2017: American Journal of Occupational Therapy: Official Publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409511/multimodal-assessment-of-sensorimotor-shoulder-function-in-patients-with-untreated-anterior-shoulder-instability-and-asymptomatic-handball-players
#6
Guillaume Mornieux, Anja Hirschmüller, Albert Gollhofer, Norbert P Südkamp, Dirk Maier
BACKGROUND: Functional evaluation of sensorimotor function of the shoulder joint is important for guidance of sports-specific training, prevention and rehabilitation of shoulder instability. Such assessment should be multimodal and comprise all qualities of sensorimotor shoulder function. This study evaluates feasibility of such multimodal assessment of glenohumeral sensorimotor function in patients with shoulder instability and handball players. METHODS: Nine patients with untreated anterior instability of their dominant shoulder and 15 asymptomatic recreational handball players performed proprioceptive joint position sense and dynamic stabilisation evaluations on an isokinetic device, as well as a functional throwing performance task...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386211/on-the-auditory-proprioception-substitution-hypothesis-movement-sonification-in-two-deafferented-subjects-learning-to-write-new-characters
#7
Jérémy Danna, Jean-Luc Velay
The aim of this study was to evaluate the compensatory effects of real-time auditory feedback on two proprioceptively deafferented subjects. The real-time auditory feedback was based on a movement sonification approach, consisting of translating some movement variables into synthetic sounds to make them audible. The two deafferented subjects and 16 age-matched control participants were asked to learn four new characters. The characters were learned under two different conditions, one without sonification and one with sonification, respecting a within-subject protocol...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28368953/effects-of-a-12-month-complex-proprioceptive-coordinative-training-program-on-soccer-performance-in-prepubertal-boys-aged-10-11-years
#8
Michał Boraczyński, Henryk Sozański, Tomasz Boraczyński
The aim was to examine the effects of a series of on-field proprioceptive-coordinative (P-C) exercises on motor performance (MP) in prepubertal soccer players. Fifty-three male soccer players aged 10.1-11.8 years were randomized among two experimental programs receiving P-C training (P-CT; n = 26) or regular training (RT; n = 27). A control group (C; n = 22) consisted of age-matched (10.3-11.9 years) cohorts not involved in any regular physical activity. Both experimental groups completed an identical 12-month comprehensive soccer program except training in P-CT was modified to substitute small-sided conditioning games with 24 multi-mode P-C exercises with modulated exercise intensity (every 8-9 weeks based on predicted HRmax)...
March 31, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28355147/glimpse-google-glass-interface-for-sensory-feedback-in-myoelectric-hand-prostheses
#9
Marko Markovic, Hemanth Karnal, Bernhard Graimann, Dario Farina, Strahinja Dosen
OBJECTIVE: Providing sensory feedback to the user of the prosthesis is an important challenge. The common approach is to use tactile stimulation, which is easy to implement but requires training and has limited information bandwidth. In this study, we propose an alternative approach based on augmented reality. APPROACH: We have developed the GLIMPSE, a Google Glass application which connects to the prosthesis via a Bluetooth interface and renders the prosthesis states (EMG signals, aperture, force and contact) using augmented reality (see-through display) and sound (bone conduction transducer)...
March 29, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352936/pre-surgery-exercise-and-post-operative-physical-function-of-people-undergoing-knee-replacement-surgery-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
REVIEW
Maria A Peer, Robert Rush, Peter D Gallacher, Nigel Gleeson
OBJECTIVE: To summarize the evidence regarding the effectiveness and dose-response characteristics of pre-operative exercise programmes on post-operative physical function following total knee arthroplasty. DATA SOURCES: CINAHL, Cochrane Library, PubMed, SPORTDiscus and EMBASE. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials were eligible if they provided full description of physiological stress (i.e. mode, frequency, intensity and duration)...
April 6, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350770/commentary-on-gait-training-with-visual-feedback-and-proprioceptive-input-to-reduce-gait-asymmetry-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-series
#11
Connie C Johnson, Mary Beth A Osborne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350769/gait-training-with-visual-feedback-and-proprioceptive-input-to-reduce-gait-asymmetry-in-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-case-series
#12
Ilana Levin, Michael D Lewek, Jeff Feasel, Deborah E Thorpe
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case series was to investigate the feasibility of using visual feedback on gait asymmetry during gait retraining and whether this leads to reduced asymmetry, improvement in gait speed, cost of walking, and dynamic balance in ambulant adults with cerebral palsy (CP). METHODS: Five adults with CP, who were ambulatory and had step length or stance time asymmetry, trained for 18 sessions on a split-belt treadmill with concurrent visual feedback from a virtual environment...
April 2017: Pediatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314918/oculomotor-prismatic-training-is-effective-in-ameliorating-spatial-neglect-a-pilot-study
#13
I Ronga, M Franza, P Sarasso, M Neppi-Modona
Visuomotor prismatic training has been demonstrated to be among the most effective rehabilitative techniques of spatial neglect, a neurological syndrome manifested by a number of right brain-damaged patients characterized by unawareness of the egocentric left half of the world. In the present study, we demonstrate that a novel oculomotor prismatic training procedure only consisting in a sequence of gaze shifts to visual targets, can reduce spatial neglect symptoms. Following oculomotor prismatic training, patients show a significant decrease in neglect severity in straight ahead and paper and pencil tasks...
March 17, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285406/leftward-oculomotor-prismatic-training-induces-a-rightward-bias-in-normal-subjects
#14
I Ronga, P Sarasso, F Raineri, J-R Duhamel, C Becchio, M Neppi-Modona
Wedge prisms shifting the visual field laterally create a mismatch between the straight ahead position signalled by vision and that encoded by extraretinal and head-on-trunk proprioceptive information. Short-term adaptation to left-deviating prisms in normal subjects results in a visuomotor attentional bias towards the right-hand side (aftereffect). Prismatic adaptation (PA) is usually induced through a training consisting in repeated ballistic movements of the dominant arm towards visual targets, while participants are wearing prismatic goggles...
March 11, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279661/dynamic-balance-training-improves-physical-function-in-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Judit Takacs, Natasha M Krowchuk, S Jayne Garland, Mark G Carpenter, Michael A Hunt
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a targeted balance training program on dynamic balance and self-reported physical function in people with medial tibiofemoral osteoarthritis (OA). DESIGN: Single-blind randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Exercise gymnasium and community dwellings. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with medial compartment knee OA (N=40). INTERVENTIONS: Ten weeks of partially supervised exercises targeting dynamic balance and strength performed 4 times per week or no intervention (nonintervention group)...
March 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28269325/somatosensory-encoding-with-cuneate-nucleus-microstimulation-detection-of-artificial-stimuli
#16
Srihari Y Sritharan, Andrew G Richardson, Pauline K Weigand, Ivette Planell-Mendez, Xilin Liu, Hongjie Zhu, Milin Zhang, Jan Van der Spiegel, Timothy H Lucas
The sense of touch and proprioception are critical to movement control. After spinal cord injury, these senses may be restored with direct, electrical microstimulation of the brain as part of a complete sensorimotor neuroprosthesis. The present study was designed to test, in part, the hypothesis that the cuneate nucleus (CN) of the brainstem is a suitable site to encode somatosensory information. Two rhesus macaques were implanted with microelectrode arrays providing chronic access to the CN. The monkeys were trained on an active touch oddity task to detect vibrotactile stimuli...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265149/effect-of-ankle-proprioceptive-exercise-on-static-and-dynamic-balance-in-normal-adults
#17
Min-Sik Yong, Yun-Seob Lee
[Purpose] The present study was conducted to investigate whether ankle proprioceptive exercise affects static and dynamic balance in normal adults. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-eight normal adults were recruited to measure their static and dynamic balancing before and after the proprioceptive exercise. A subject stood with bare feet on the round supporting platform of the device for measuring balance, and the investigator entered the age and the height of the subjects and set his/her feet on the central point of the monitor screen...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240706/manifestations-of-proprioception-during-vertical-jumps-to-specific-heights
#18
Struzik Artur, Pietraszewski Bogdan, Kawczyñski Adam, Winiarski Sławomir, Juras Grzegorz, Rokita Andrzej
Jumping and proprioception are important abilities in many sports. The efficiency of the proprioceptive system is indirectly related to jumps performed at specified heights. Therefore, this study recorded the ability of young athletes who play team sports to jump to a specific height compared to their maximum ability. A total of 154 male (age: 14.8±0.9 years, body height: 181.8±8.9 cm, body weight: 69.8±11.8 kg, training experience: 3.8±1.7 years) and 151 female (age: 14.1±0.8 years, body height: 170.5±6...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231556/compliant-support-surfaces-affect-sensory-reweighting-during-balance-control
#19
I M Schut, D Engelhart, J H Pasma, R G K M Aarts, A C Schouten
To maintain upright posture and prevent falling, balance control involves the complex interaction between nervous, muscular and sensory systems, such as sensory reweighting. When balance is impaired, compliant foam mats are used in training methods to improve balance control. However, the effect of the compliance of these foam mats on sensory reweighting remains unclear. In this study, eleven healthy subjects maintained standing balance with their eyes open while continuous support surface (SS) rotations disturbed the proprioception of the ankles...
March 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227566/somatosensory-encoding-with-cuneate-nucleus-microstimulation-detection-of-artificial-stimuli
#20
Srihari Y Sritharan, Andrew G Richardson, Pauline K Weigand, Ivette Planell-Mendez, Xilin Liu, Hongjie Zhu, Milin Zhang, Jan Van der Spiegel, Timothy H Lucas, Srihari Y Sritharan, Andrew G Richardson, Pauline K Weigand, Ivette Planell-Mendez, Xilin Liu, Hongjie Zhu, Milin Zhang, Jan Van der Spiegel, Timothy H Lucas, Srihari Y Sritharan, Andrew G Richardson, Milin Zhang, Jan Van der Spiegel, Pauline K Weigand, Xilin Liu, Timothy H Lucas, Hongjie Zhu, Ivette Planell-Mendez
The sense of touch and proprioception are critical to movement control. After spinal cord injury, these senses may be restored with direct, electrical microstimulation of the brain as part of a complete sensorimotor neuroprosthesis. The present study was designed to test, in part, the hypothesis that the cuneate nucleus (CN) of the brainstem is a suitable site to encode somatosensory information. Two rhesus macaques were implanted with microelectrode arrays providing chronic access to the CN. The monkeys were trained on an active touch oddity task to detect vibrotactile stimuli...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
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