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Proprioceptive training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923177/the-effect-of-exergaming-on-knee-proprioception-in-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Hassan Sadeghi, Mohammad Nazrul Hakim, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Saidon Bin Amri, Mohsen Razeghi, Mohammadreza Farazdaghi, Elham Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the ability to sense the body position, muscle sense, joint stability and posture. As balance decreases during the process of aging, knee proprioception has a critical role in body balance and daily activities. Exergaming has shown to be a potentially effective and more enjoyable form of exercise delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week Xbox Kinect exercise program on knee proprioception in healthy older adults...
November 23, 2016: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895574/robot-assisted-rehabilitation-of-ankle-plantar-flexors-spasticity-a-3-month-study-with-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation
#2
Zhihao Zhou, Yao Sun, Ninghua Wang, Fan Gao, Kunlin Wei, Qining Wang
In this paper, we aim to investigate the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)-based rehabilitation for ankle plantar flexors spasticity by using a Robotic Ankle-foot Rehabilitation System (RARS). A modified robot-assisted system was proposed, and seven poststroke patients with hemiplegic spastic ankles participated in a 3-month robotic PNF training. Their impaired sides were used as the experimental group, while their unimpaired sides as the control group. A robotic intervention for the experimental group started from a 2-min passive stretching to warming-up or relaxing the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and also ended with the same one...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874176/effects-of-tai-chi-on-cognition-and-fall-risk-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Somporn Sungkarat, Sirinun Boripuntakul, Nipon Chattipakorn, Kanokwan Watcharasaksilp, Stephen R Lord
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether combined center- and home-based Tai Chi training can improve cognitive ability and reduce physiological fall risk in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Chiang Mai, Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 60 and older who met Petersen's criteria for multiple-domain a-MCI (N = 66). INTERVENTION: Three weeks center-based and 12 weeks home-based Tai Chi (50 minutes per session, 3 times per week)...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#4
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#5
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830949/motor-control-exercises-of-the-lumbar-pelvic-region-improve-respiratory-function-in-obese-men-a-pilot-study
#6
Emanuela Bezzoli, Dianne Andreotti, Lucia Pianta, Martina Mascheroni, Lorena Piccinno, Luca Puricelli, Veronica Cimolin, Alberto Salvadori, Franco Codecasa, Paolo Capodaglio
PURPOSE: Obese subjects have decreased pulmonary function. The hypothesis of our study was that poor coordination of the lumbar-pelvic musculature secondary to obesity may hinder the synergic activation of the respiratory muscles. The aim of the paper was to evaluate whether specific motor control exercises of the lumbar-pelvic musculature were able to improve respiratory function. METHOD: Twenty obese male patients underwent a rehabilitation program including adapted physical activity and respiratory physiotherapy...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823737/a-one-year-proprioceptive-exercise-programme-reduces-the-incidence-of-falls-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-a-before-after-non-randomised-intervention-study
#7
Pilar Pérez-Ros, Francisco M Martinez-Arnau, Vincenzo Malafarina, Francisco J Tarazona-Santabalbina
BACKGROUND: The risk of falls increases with age. Balance alteration and polypharmacy are independent contributors to an increased risk of falls. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to assess whether a proprioceptive exercise programme reduces the incidence of falls. A secondary aim was to assess the association between drugs and falls. DESIGN: This was a before-after non-randomised intervention study. PARTICIPANTS: The study recruited independent and cognitively intact community-dwelling people aged over 69 years, from December 2012 to May 2014...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816779/performance-monitoring-for-brain-computer-interface-actions
#8
Aaron Schurger, Steven Gale, Olivia Gozel, Olaf Blanke
When presented with a difficult perceptual decision, human observers are able to make metacognitive judgements of subjective certainty. Such judgements can be made independently of and prior to any overt response to a sensory stimulus, presumably via internal monitoring. Retrospective judgements about one's own task performance, on the other hand, require first that the subject perform a task and thus could potentially be made based on motor processes, proprioceptive, and other sensory feedback rather than internal monitoring...
November 2, 2016: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806493/proprioception-of-knee-joint-in-athletes-and-non-athletes-obese
#9
Hajar Moravveji, Ali Ghanbari, Fahimeh Kamali
BACKGROUND: Proprioception plays an integral role in the neuromotor control of the knee joint. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of knee joint proprioception deficit and regular exercise activities with obesity. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this case control study, we had 60 participants, aged 18 to 35 in four groups (15 athletes obese; 15 athletes with normal weight; 15 non-athletes obese; 15 non-athletes with normal weight). The average Body Mass Index for the obese groups was 33...
July 27, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799700/the-effect-of-age-and-body-mass-index-on-plantar-cutaneous-sensation-in-healthy-women
#10
Eylem Tütün Yümin, Tülay Tarsuslu Şimşek, Meral Sertel, Handan Ankaralı
[Purpose] This study was conducted to examine the effects of age and body mass index on plantar cutaneous sensation in healthy women. [Subjects and Methods] Two hundred and three healthy female volunteers over the age of 20 were included in the study. The statistical analyses were performed by considering the age and body mass index values of the individuals. The individuals were divided according to their ages and body mass index values. Foot pain was measured with a visual analogue scale and plantar cutaneous sensation using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791345/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-long-term-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-training-on-pain-related-outcomes-and-back-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#11
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Witchayut Wongrat, Nertnapa Neammesri, Thanaporn Thongsakul
BACKGROUND: The role of exercise therapy in improving pain-related clinical outcomes and trunk muscle activity in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been widely reported. There is little information on the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) training in patients with CLBP. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate the persistence of the effects of PNF training on pain intensity, functional disability, patient satisfaction, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and lower back muscle activity in patients with CLBP...
October 28, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747841/the-efficacy-of-exercise-in-preventing-injury-in-adult-male-football-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#12
Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735227/shoulder-muscle-activation-levels-during-exercises-with-axial-and-rotational-load-on-stable-and-unstable-surfaces
#13
Vinícius Yan Santos Nacimento, Rafaela Joyce Barbosa Torres, Natália Barros Beltrão, Priscila Soares Dos Santos, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
This study evaluated the effects of instability on the EMG activity of scapular stabilizing and upper limb muscles during exercises with axial and rotational load. 20 male volunteers (20.9 ± 1.8 years, 174.1 ± 0.04 cm, 73.17 ± 8.77 kg) experienced in strength training participated in a crossover design. Muscle activation of anterior deltoid (AD), posterior deltoid (PD), pectoralis major (PM), biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MT), lower trapezius (LT) and serratus anterior (SA) were determined on both conditions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732595/time-course-of-reach-adaptation-and-proprioceptive-recalibration-during-visuomotor-learning
#14
Jennifer E Ruttle, Erin K Cressman, Bernard Marius 't Hart, Denise Y P Henriques
Training to reach with rotated visual feedback results in adaptation of hand movements, which persist when the perturbation is removed (reach aftereffects). Training also leads to changes in felt hand position, which we refer to as proprioceptive recalibration. The rate at which motor and proprioceptive changes develop throughout training is unknown. Here, we aim to determine the timescale of these changes in order to gain insight into the processes that may be involved in motor learning. Following six rotated reach training trials (30° rotation), at three radially located targets, we measured reach aftereffects and perceived hand position (proprioceptive guided reaches)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727321/robot-assisted-proprioceptive-training-with-added-vibro-tactile-feedback-enhances-somatosensory-and-motor-performance
#15
Anna Vera Cuppone, Valentina Squeri, Marianna Semprini, Lorenzo Masia, Jürgen Konczak
This study examined the trainability of the proprioceptive sense and explored the relationship between proprioception and motor learning. With vision blocked, human learners had to perform goal-directed wrist movements relying solely on proprioceptive/haptic cues to reach several haptically specified targets. One group received additional somatosensory movement error feedback in form of vibro-tactile cues applied to the skin of the forearm. We used a haptic robotic device for the wrist and implemented a 3-day training regimen that required learners to make spatially precise goal-directed wrist reaching movements without vision...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716254/learning-to-use-a-body-powered-prosthesis-changes-in-functionality-and-kinematics
#16
Laura H B Huinink, Hanneke Bouwsema, Dick H Plettenburg, Corry K van der Sluis, Raoul M Bongers
BACKGROUND: Little is known about action-perception learning processes underlying prosthetic skills in body-powered prosthesis users. Body-powered prostheses are controlled through a harness connected by a cable that might provide for limited proprioceptive feedback. This study aims to test transfer of training basic tasks to functional tasks and to describe the changes over time in kinematics of basic tasks of novice body-powered prosthesis users. METHODS: Thirty able-bodied participants and 17 controls participated in the study, using a body-powered prosthetic simulator...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676761/interest-of-a-postural-analysis-on-a-force-platform-during-a-functional-restoration-program
#17
Joséphine Métréau, Frédéric Brogniart, Claude Grandjean, Bertrand Morineaux
OBJECTIVE: Postural balance is ensured by the involvement of several coping strategies. There is however an alteration of the proprioceptive system with chronic low back pain patients making it vulnerable to any type of disruptive force (endogenous and exogenous) and physiologically compensated by the postural system. The aim of this study is to measure the postural changes during a functional restoration protocol. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Were included in this study, 8 chronic low back pain patients, seen in consultation before being included in the rehabilitative care unit of the Bourbonne-les-Bains Hospital as part of a functional restoration protocol for 5-6 weeks...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672371/the-semiology-of-motor-disorders-in-autism-spectrum-disorders-as-highlighted-from-a-standardized-neuro-psychomotor-assessment
#18
Aude Paquet, Bertrand Olliac, Manuel-Pierre Bouvard, Bernard Golse, Laurence Vaivre-Douret
BACKGROUND: Altered motor performance has been described in Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) with disturbances in walking; posture, coordination, or arm movements, but some individuals with ASD show no impairment of motor skills. The neuro-developmental processes that underpin the performance of neuro-psychomotor functions have not been widely explored, nor is it clear whether there are neuro-psychomotor functions specifically affected in ASD. Our objective was to focus on the semiology of motor disorders among children with ASD using a neuro-developmental assessment tool...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665394/effect-of-functional-electrical-stimulation-on-the-proprioception-motor-function-of-the-paretic-upper-limb-and-patient-quality-of-life-a-case-report
#19
Carlos Bustamante, Francisco Brevis, Sebastián Canales, Sebastián Millón, Rodrigo Pascual
: Functional electrical stimulation (FES) has shown to improve motor function of the affected side in stroke patients; however, the effects of FES on proprioception, the functional recovery of the paretic upper limb, and the patient quality of life (QoL) are not clear. The aim of the current case report was to determine whether FES can improve joint position sense and the scores on measurements of upper limb function and a QoL survey. The participant was assessed before and after 10 consecutive intervention sessions; in addition, the patient performed the training tasks in the workstation assisted by the FES device...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646292/impact-of-online-visual-feedback-on-motor-acquisition-and-retention-when-learning-to-reach-in-a-force-field
#20
C S Batcho, M Gagné, L J Bouyer, J S Roy, C Mercier
When subjects learn a novel motor task, several sources of feedback (proprioceptive, visual or auditory) contribute to the performance. Over the past few years, several studies have investigated the role of visual feedback in motor learning, yet evidence remains conflicting. The aim of this study was therefore to investigate the role of online visual feedback (VFb) on the acquisition and retention stages of motor learning associated with training in a reaching task. Thirty healthy subjects made ballistic reaching movements with their dominant arm toward two targets, on 2 consecutive days using a robotized exoskeleton (KINARM)...
September 17, 2016: Neuroscience
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