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Proprioceptive training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675142/reviewing-clinical-effectiveness-of-active-training-strategies-of-platform-based-ankle-rehabilitation-robots
#1
REVIEW
Xiangfeng Zeng, Guoli Zhu, Mingming Zhang, Sheng Q Xie
Objective: This review aims to provide a systematical investigation of clinical effectiveness of active training strategies applied in platform-based ankle robots. Method: English-language studies published from Jan 1980 to Aug 2017 were searched from four databases using key words of "Ankle∗ " AND "Robot∗ " AND "Effect∗ OR Improv∗ OR Increas∗ ." Following an initial screening, three rounds of discrimination were successively conducted based on the title, the abstract, and the full paper...
2018: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670901/relationship-between-joint-position-sense-force-sense-and-muscle-strength-and-the-impact-of-gymnastic-training-on-proprioception
#2
Bartłomiej Niespodziński, Andrzej Kochanowicz, Jan Mieszkowski, Elżbieta Piskorska, Małgorzata Żychowska
The aims of this study were (1) to assess the relationship between joint position (JPS) and force sense (FS) and muscle strength (MS) and (2) to evaluate the impact of long-term gymnastic training on particular proprioception aspects and their correlations. 17 elite adult gymnasts and 24 untrained, matched controls performed an active reproduction (AR) and passive reproduction (PR) task and a force reproduction (FR) task at the elbow joint. Intergroup differences and the relationship between JPS, FS, and MS were evaluated...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661612/hearing-self-motion-perception-mobility-and-aging
#3
REVIEW
Jennifer Campos, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
Hearing helps us know where we are relative to important events and objects in our environment and it allows us to track our changing position dynamically over space and time. Auditory cues are used in combination with other sensory inputs (visual, vestibular, proprioceptive) to help us perceive our own movements through space, known as self-motion perception. Whether we are maintaining standing balance, walking, or driving, audition can provide unique and important information to help optimize self-motion perception, and consequently to support safe mobility...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629874/object-discrimination-using-electrotactile-feedback
#4
Tapas Jaywant Arakeri, Brady A Hasse, Andrew J Fuglevand
A variety of bioengineering systems are being developed to restore tactile sensations in individuals who have lost somatosensory feedback because of spinal cord injury, stroke, or amputation. These systems typically detect tactile force with sensors placed on an insensate hand (or prosthetic hand in the case of amputees) and deliver touch information by electrically or mechanically stimulating sensate skin above the site of injury. Successful object manipulation, however, also requires proprioceptive feedback representing the configuration and movements of the hand and digits...
April 9, 2018: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628803/lower-body-strength-training-versus-proprioceptive-exercises-on-vertical-jump-capacity-a-feasibility-study
#5
Charles Son, Adam Stewart, John Ward, Kimary Farrar
Objective: The purpose of this study was to test the feasibility of completing a study comparing the impact of lower body strength training to proprioceptive exercises on vertical jump capacity. Methods: Thirty-nine college students (age 27.9 ± 6.4 y, height 1.69 ± 0.10 m, body mass 73.4 ± 15.9 kg: mean ± standard deviation) underwent baseline and post-testing of their vertical jump capacity using a Vertical Challenger and VICON motion analysis system. Participants were randomly assigned to 3 interventional groups between testing sessions: (1) lower body strength training, (2) lower body proprioceptive training, and (3) a no training control...
March 2018: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622015/empathy-is-proprioceptive-the-bodily-fundament-of-empathy-a-philosophical-contribution-to-medical-education
#6
Florian Schmidsberger, Henriette Löffler-Stastka
BACKGROUND: The current philosophical debate on empathy entails accounts of theory of mind and simulation as well as a phenomenological opposition. The first focuses on a detached observation of others from a 3rd person perspective and formulates the common claim that there is no direct access to the mental and emotional life of others, only simulation or analogy can grant access to the emotions and behaviour of others. The philosophical respectively phenomenological account of Fuchs instead opposes by focusing personal interaction within a 1st or 2nd person perspective claiming that the emotions of others are experienceable through bodily expression and bodily resonance...
April 5, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589410/six-weeks-of-multi-station-program-on-the-knee-proprioception-and-performance-of-futsal-players
#7
Ángel Pérez-Silvestre, Daniel Albert-Lucena, Guido F Gómez-Chiguano, Gustavo Plaza-Manzano, Daniel Pecos-Martín, Tomás Gallego-Izquierdo, Patricia Martín-Casas, Natalia Romero-Franco
BACKGROUND: Proprioception and vertical jump are important parameters in the performance and prevention of injuries in futsal. However, very few studies have analyzed the role of multi-station exercises to improve these variables. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a six-week multi-station exercise program on knee joint position sense (JPS) and countermovement jump (CMJ) of futsal players. METHODS: Thirty-four male futsal players randomly classified into experimental (n = 17) or control group (n = 17)...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581660/postural-stability-for-taekwondo-athletes-with-repetitive-ankle-sprains-during-a-single-leg-stance
#8
Minji Son, Changhong Youm, Jehwan Woo, Myeounggon Lee, Youkyung Kim, Jinhee Kim
[Purpose] The purpose of this study is to investigate postural stability in such group of taekwondo athletes by measuring the center-of-pressure variables in both the injured limb and uninjured limb during a single-leg stance with eyes closed. [Subjects and Methods] The study includes eleven taekwondo athletes with repetitive ankle sprains (RASs) and eleven healthy taekwondo athletes (the controls) at the college level participating in taekwondo training sessions. For the controls, the "injured" limb was taken to be the left limb...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29562561/vagus-nerve-stimulation-paired-with-tactile-training-improved-sensory-function-in-a-chronic-stroke-patient
#9
Michael P Kilgard, Robert L Rennaker, Jen Alexander, Jesse Dawson
BACKGROUND: Recent studies indicate that vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) paired with rehabilitation can enhance neural plasticity in the primary sensory and motor cortices, improve forelimb function after stroke in animal models and improve motor function in patients with arm weakness after stroke. OBJECTIVE: To gain "first-in-man" experience of VNS paired with tactile training in a patient with severe sensory impairment after stroke. METHODS: During the long-term follow-up phase of a clinical trial of VNS paired with motor rehabilitation, a 71-year-old man who had made good motor recovery had ongoing severe sensory loss in his left hand and arm...
2018: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558843/perceptual-aspects-of-postural-control-does-pure-proprioceptive-training-exist
#10
Edit Nagy, Gabriella Posa, Regina Finta, Levente Szilagyi, Edit Sziver
As proprioceptive training is popular for injury prevention and rehabilitation, we evaluated its effect on balance parameters and assessed the frequency spectra of postural sway linked with the various sensory channels. We recorded the Center of Mass displacement of 30 healthy student research participants (mean age = 21.63; SD = 1.29 years) with a single force plate under eyes open (EO) and eyes closed (EC) positions while standing on either a firm or foam surface, both before and after an 8-week balance training intervention on a foam surface with EC...
January 1, 2018: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29553516/a-simple-non-invasive-method-for-temporary-knockdown-of-upper-limb-proprioception
#11
Jacey L Janz Vernoski, Jack R Bjorkland, Talia J Kramer, Steven T Oczak, Alexandra L Borstad
Proprioception may be the least well measured of all contributors to the neural control of movement. New precise, reliable measures of proprioception are needed for clinical diagnosis of impairment, and to measure outcomes of proprioceptive training. The purpose of this simple, non-invasive method is to temporarily knockdown upper limb proprioception in healthy adults, to an extent that would be useful in the development and testing of upper limb proprioception measures. Knockdown models have two main advantages over studying humans with impaired proprioception: participant availability and the ability to control the extent of impairment across participants...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552031/development-of-a-system-architecture-for-evaluation-and-training-of-proprioceptive-deficits-of-the-upper-limb
#12
Roberto Colombo, Alessandra Mazzone, Carmen Delconte, Fabrizio Pisano
Proprioception plays a fundamental role in maintaining posture and executing movement, and the quantitative evaluation of proprioceptive deficits in poststroke patients is important. But currently it is not widely performed due to the complexity of the evaluation tools required for a reliable assessment. The aims of this pilot study were to (a) develop a system architecture for upper limb evaluation and training of proximal and distal sense of position in the horizontal plane and (b) test the system in healthy and pathological subjects...
2018: Computational Intelligence and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548935/consolidation-of-human-somatosensory-memory-during-motor-learning
#13
Anna Vera Cuppone, Marianna Semprini, Jürgen Konczak
Sensorimotor learning is a bidirectional process associated with concurrent neuroplastic changes in the motor and somatosensory system. While motor memory consolidation and retention have been extensively studied during skill acquisition, little is known about the formation and consolidation of somatosensory memory associated with motor learning. Using a robotic exoskeleton, we tracked markers of somatosensory and motor learning while healthy participants trained to make goal-directed wrist reaching movements over five days and evaluated retention for up to 10 days after practice...
March 13, 2018: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525292/effects-of-balance-and-proprioceptive-training-on-total-hip-and-knee-replacement-rehabilitation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Fernando Domínguez-Navarro, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Antonio Silvestre-Muñoz, Sergio Roig-Casasús, José María Blasco
BACKGOUND: Balance and proprioceptive deficits are frequently persistent after total joint replacement, limiting functionality and involving altered movement patterns and difficulties in walking and maintaining postural control among patients. RESEARCH QUESTION: The goal of this systematic review was to evaluate the short- and mid-term effects of proprioceptive and balance training for patients undergoing total knee and hip replacement. METHODS: This is a systematic review of literature...
March 5, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511700/variability-of-united-states-online-rehabilitation-protocols-for-proximal-hamstring-tendon-repair
#15
Harry M Lightsey, David E Kantrowitz, Hasani W Swindell, David P Trofa, Christopher S Ahmad, T Sean Lynch
Background: The optimal postoperative rehabilitation protocol following repair of complete proximal hamstring tendon ruptures is the subject of ongoing investigation, with a need for more standardized regimens and evidence-based modalities. Purpose: To assess the variability across proximal hamstring tendon repair rehabilitation protocols published online by United States (US) orthopaedic teaching programs. Study Design: Cross-sectional study...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510103/proprioception
#16
John C Tuthill, Eiman Azim
Although familiar to each of us, the sensation of inhabiting a body is ineffable. Traditional senses like vision and hearing monitor the external environment, allowing humans to have shared sensory experiences. But proprioception, the sensation of body position and movement, is fundamentally personal and typically absent from conscious perception. Nonetheless, this 'sixth sense' remains critical to human experience, a fact that is most apparent when one considers those who have lost it. Take, for example, the case of Ian Waterman who, at the age of 19, suffered a rare autoimmune response to a flu infection that attacked the sensory neurons from his neck down...
March 5, 2018: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484608/effectiveness-of-a-functional-rehabilitation-program-after-bariatric-surgery-a-pilot-study
#17
Claire Morana, Marie Collignon, David Nocca
BACKGROUND: Beyond obesity-related comorbidities, overweight patients have a high risk of developing osteoarticular pathologies. Moreover, weight loss following bariatric surgery induces a decrease in fat mass but also in muscle mass, thus affecting the physical capacities of these patients. Functional rehabilitation is a solution to correct these imbalances. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a functional rehabilitation program after bariatric surgery. METHODS: Twenty-three patients with severe obesity (BMI = 37...
February 26, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463157/comparing-recalibration-strategies-for-electroencephalography-based-decoders-of-movement-intention-in-neurological-patients-with-motor-disability
#18
Eduardo López-Larraz, Jaime Ibáñez, Fernando Trincado-Alonso, Esther Monge-Pereira, José Luis Pons, Luis Montesano
Motor rehabilitation based on the association of electroencephalographic (EEG) activity and proprioceptive feedback has been demonstrated as a feasible therapy for patients with paralysis. To promote long-lasting motor recovery, these interventions have to be carried out across several weeks or even months. The success of these therapies partly relies on the performance of the system decoding movement intentions, which normally has to be recalibrated to deal with the nonstationarities of the cortical activity...
December 17, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458919/yoga-meditation-yomed-and-its-effect-on-proprioception-and-balance-function-in-elders-who-have-fallen-a-randomized-control-study
#19
Savannah V Wooten, Joseph F Signorile, Sohil S Desai, Amelia K Paine, Kiersten Mooney
OBJECTIVE: Yoga has been shown to improve muscle strength, flexibility, and balance. However, the impact of meditation on dynamic factors such as gait, reactive balance and proprioception has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study was to test if a novel yoga meditation program (YoMed) is as effective as a standard proprioceptive training in improving proprioception, balance and power in older individuals who have fallen. DESIGN: Sixteen older persons were randomly assigned to either the YoMed Group (YM) or Proprioception Training Group (PT)...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413790/effectiveness-of-prowling-with-proprioceptive-training-on-knee-hyperextension-among-stroke-subjects-using-videographic-observation-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#20
Khushboo K Dalal, Abraham M Joshua, Akshatha Nayak, Prasanna Mithra, Zulkifli Misri, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Knee hyperextension is seen in 40-68% of ambulating hemiparetics. If left untreated it may lead to laxity of posterior structures of knee resulting in early degeneration of knee leading to pain, reduced independence in activities of daily living (ADL), deformities and instability. In this study we hypothesize walking with bent knee attitude (prowling) along with proprioceptive training may help to reduce knee hyperextension during the stance phase of gait cycle. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of prowling along with proprioceptive training on knee hyperextension range, dorsiflexion range and spatio temporal parameters of gait using Wisconsin gait scale (WGS) as compared to routine physiotherapy...
January 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
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