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Proprioceptive training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29463157/comparing-recalibration-strategies-for-electroencephalography-based-decoders-of-movement-intention-in-neurological-patients-with-motor-disability
#1
Eduardo López-Larraz, Jaime Ibáñez, Fernando Trincado-Alonso, Esther Monge-Pereira, José Luis Pons, Luis Montesano
Motor rehabilitation based on the association of electroencephalographic (EEG) activity and proprioceptive feedback has been demonstrated as a feasible therapy for patients with paralysis. To promote long-lasting motor recovery, these interventions have to be carried out across several weeks or even months. The success of these therapies partly relies on the performance of the system decoding movement intentions, which normally has to be recalibrated to deal with the nonstationarities of the cortical activity...
December 17, 2017: International Journal of Neural Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458919/yoga-meditation-yomed-and-its-effect-on-proprioception-and-balance-function-in-elders-who-have-fallen-a-randomized-control-study
#2
Savannah V Wooten, Joseph F Signorile, Sohil S Desai, Amelia K Paine, Kiersten Mooney
OBJECTIVE: Yoga has been shown to improve muscle strength, flexibility, and balance. However, the impact of meditation on dynamic factors such as gait, reactive balance and proprioception has yet to be examined. The purpose of this study was to test if a novel yoga meditation program (YoMed) is as effective as a standard proprioceptive training in improving proprioception, balance and power in older individuals who have fallen. DESIGN: Sixteen older persons were randomly assigned to either the YoMed Group (YM) or Proprioception Training Group (PT)...
February 2018: Complementary Therapies in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413790/effectiveness-of-prowling-with-proprioceptive-training-on-knee-hyperextension-among-stroke-subjects-using-videographic-observation-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Khushboo K Dalal, Abraham M Joshua, Akshatha Nayak, Prasanna Mithra, Zulkifli Misri, Bhaskaran Unnikrishnan
INTRODUCTION: Knee hyperextension is seen in 40-68% of ambulating hemiparetics. If left untreated it may lead to laxity of posterior structures of knee resulting in early degeneration of knee leading to pain, reduced independence in activities of daily living (ADL), deformities and instability. In this study we hypothesize walking with bent knee attitude (prowling) along with proprioceptive training may help to reduce knee hyperextension during the stance phase of gait cycle. OBJECTIVE: To test the efficacy of prowling along with proprioceptive training on knee hyperextension range, dorsiflexion range and spatio temporal parameters of gait using Wisconsin gait scale (WGS) as compared to routine physiotherapy...
January 26, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410581/the-effects-of-proprioception-exercise-with-and-without-visual-feedback-on-the-pain-and-balance-in-patients-after-total-knee-arthroplasty
#4
Hyung-Taek Oh, Gak Hwangbo
[Purpose] The aim of this study was to determine the effects of proprioception exercise to decrease pain and increase the ability to balance by implementing visual feedback during early rehabilitation after total knee arthroplasty. [Subjects and Methods] In this study, 24 patients who receive a total knee arthroplasty were randomly and equally assigned to a visual feedback training group (VFT group) and a visual disuse group (Control group). They performed visual feedback training using the My Fitness Trainer (MFT, Austria) for 20 minutes, three times per week for eight weeks...
January 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385840/the-efficacy-of-virtual-reality-assisted-versus-traditional-rehabilitation-intervention-on-individuals-with-functional-ankle-instability-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Kijong Kim, Bongsam Choi, Wootaek Lim
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) training, a virtual environment commonly generated by computer systems, may enhance the therapeutic efficacy of functional rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a VR assisted intervention (VRAI) versus traditional rehabilitation intervention (TRI) on functional ankle instability (FAI). METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled study was conducted with 10 subjects for each group. The VRAI was conducted with the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus, whilst the TRI was conducted with a series of exercises with theraband...
January 31, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29370731/possibilities-of-kinesio-taping-to-prevent-injuries-of-professional-dancers
#6
Vladimir Berezutsky
The literature review comprises information about application of kinesio taping in prevention of professional dancers' injuries. The relevance of the study is determined by frequent dance related and overuse injuries and lack of organized information about this issue. The purpose of the study is to assess the impact of kinesio taping on the musculoskeletal system of dancers basing on the scientific research data of the years 2015-2017. The analysis revealed that kinesio taping can effectively reduce muscle spasms, rebuild muscle strength of the injured extremity, improve static and dynamic balance and ease the pain, due to its ability to improve the proprioception of the joints and regulate muscle tone...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Safety and Ergonomics: JOSE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366340/effects-of-strength-exercise-on-the-knee-and-ankle-proprioception-of-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis
#7
Zhangqi Lai, Yu Zhang, Seullee Lee, Lin Wang
This study aims to investigate the effects of 8-week strength exercise on knee and ankle proprioception of individuals with knee osteoarthritis (KOA). Forty participants were randomly divided into control and strength exercise groups. Strength exercise group underwent squat training of three times a week for 8 weeks, while control group received an education programme. Threshold for detection of passive movement of knee and ankle joint was tested using an electrically driven movable frame. Between- and within-group differences were evaluated through repeated-measurement analysis of variance...
January 24, 2018: Research in Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29364062/water-filled-training-tubes-increase-core-muscle-activation-and-somatosensory-control-of-balance-during-squat
#8
Massimiliano Ditroilo, Rory O'Sullivan, Brian Harnan, Aislinn Crossey, Beth Gillmor, William Dardis, Adam Grainger
This study examined trunk muscle activation, balance and proprioception while squatting with a water-filled training tube (WT) and a traditional barbell (BB), with either closed (CE) or open eyes (OE). Eighteen male elite Gaelic footballers performed an isometric squat under the following conditions: BB-OE, BB-CE, WT-OE and WT-CE. The activity of rectus abdominis (RA), external oblique (EO) and multifidus (MF) was measured using electromyography, along with sway of the centre of pressure (CoP) using a force platform...
January 24, 2018: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324862/taking-two-to-tango-fmri-analysis-of-improvised-joint-action-with-physical-contact
#9
Léa A S Chauvigné, Michel Belyk, Steven Brown
Many forms of joint action involve physical coupling between the participants, such as when moving a sofa together or dancing a tango. We report the results of a novel two-person functional MRI study in which trained couple dancers engaged in bimanual contact with an experimenter standing next to the bore of the magnet, and in which the two alternated between being the leader and the follower of joint improvised movements. Leading showed a general pattern of self-orientation, being associated with brain areas involved in motor planning, navigation, sequencing, action monitoring, and error correction...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311614/closed-loop-control-of-trunk-posture-improves-locomotion-through-the-regulation-of-leg-proprioceptive-feedback-after-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Eduardo Martin Moraud, Joachim von Zitzewitz, Jenifer Miehlbradt, Sophie Wurth, Emanuele Formento, Jack DiGiovanna, Marco Capogrosso, Grégoire Courtine, Silvestro Micera
After spinal cord injury (SCI), sensory feedback circuits critically contribute to leg motor execution. Compelled by the importance to engage these circuits during gait rehabilitation, assistive robotics and training protocols have primarily focused on guiding leg movements to reinforce sensory feedback. Despite the importance of trunk postural dynamics on gait and balance, trunk assistance has comparatively received little attention. Typically, trunk movements are either constrained within bodyweight support systems, or manually adjusted by therapists...
January 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29310456/online-physical-therapy-protocol-quality-variability-and-availability-in-achilles-tendon-repair
#11
Harry M Lightsey, Peter C Noback, Jon-Michael E Caldwell, David P Trofa, Justin K Greisberg, J Turner Vosseller
BACKGROUND: Substantial progress has been made in characterizing the benefit of early functional rehabilitation following Achilles tendon repair (ATR). However, standardized ATR rehabilitation guidelines have yet to be produced. Furthermore, as patients increasingly use the Internet to independently retrieve health care content, access to standardized, clinically effective rehabilitation protocols is necessary. METHODS: Online ATR physical therapy protocols from US academic orthopaedic programs were reviewed...
January 1, 2018: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289541/supervised-balance-training-and-wii-fit-based-exercises-lower-falls-risk-in-older-adults-with-type-2-diabetes
#12
Steven Morrison, Rachel Simmons, Sheri R Colberg, Henri K Parson, Aaron I Vinik
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the benefits of and differences between 12 weeks of thrice-weekly supervised balance training and an unsupervised at-home balance activity (using the Nintendo Wii Fit) for improving balance and reaction time and lowering falls risk in older individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). DESIGN: Before-after trial. SETTING: University research laboratory, home environment. PARTICIPANTS: Sixty-five older adults with type 2 diabetes were recruited for this study...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246606/sensory-training-with-vibration-induced-kinesthetic-illusions-improves-proprioceptive-integration-in-patients-with-parkinson-s-disease
#13
Edith Ribot-Ciscar, Jean-Marc Aimonetti, Jean-Philippe Azulay
The present study investigates whether proprioceptive training, based on kinesthetic illusions, can help in re-educating the processing of muscle proprioceptive input, which is impaired in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). The processing of proprioceptive input before and after training was evaluated by determining the error in the amplitude of voluntary dorsiflexion ankle movement (20°), induced by applying a vibration on the tendon of the gastrocnemius-soleus muscle (a vibration-induced movement error)...
December 15, 2017: Journal of the Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245244/effect-of-joint-mobilization-techniques-for-primary-total-knee-arthroplasty-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jiao Xu, Juan Zhang, Xue-Qiang Wang, Xuan-Lin Wang, Ya Wu, Chan-Cheng Chen, Han-Yu Zhang, Zhi-Wan Zhang, Kai-Yi Fan, Qiang Zhu, Zhi-Wei Deng
BACKGROUND: Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has become the most preferred procedure by patients for the relief of pain caused by knee osteoarthritis. TKA patients aim a speedy recovery after the surgery. Joint mobilization techniques for rehabilitation have been widely used to relieve pain and improve joint mobility. However, relevant randomized controlled trials showing the curative effect of these techniques remain lacking to date. Accordingly, this study aims to investigate whether joint mobilization techniques are valid for primary TKA...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234284/the-efficacy-of-wrestling-style-compression-suits-to-improve-maximum-isometric-force-and-movement-velocity-in-well-trained-male-rugby-athletes
#15
Daniel T McMaster, Christopher M Beaven, Brad Mayo, Nicholas Gill, Kim Hébert-Losier
Purpose: The prevalence of compression garment (CG) use is increasing with athletes striving to take advantage of the purported benefits to recovery and performance. Here, we investigated the effect of CG on muscle force and movement velocity performance in athletes. Methods: Ten well-trained male rugby athletes wore a wrestling-style CG suit applying 13-31 mmHg of compressive pressure during a training circuit in a repeated-measures crossover design. Force and velocity data were collected during a 5-s isometric mid-thigh pull (IMTP) and repeated countermovement jump (CMJ), respectively; and time to complete a 5-m horizontal loaded sled push was also measured...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221471/in-home-versus-hospital-preoperative-balance-and-proprioceptive-training-in-patients-undergoing-tkr-rationale-design-and-method-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
José-María Blasco, Celedonia Igual-Camacho, Sergio Roig-Casasús
BACKGROUND: Severe knee osteoarthritis, as well as the surgical procedure of total knee replacement that aims to reduce its symptoms, cause great deterioration on the proprioceptive system. Taking this fact into account, and considering that balance abilities positively influence the capacity to perform basic functional tasks, this trial aims to find the short and mid-term effects of a preoperative balance and proprioceptive training when conducted by patients undergoing total knee replacement...
December 8, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213051/a-robot-aided-visuo-motor-training-that-improves-proprioception-and-spatial-accuracy-of-untrained-movement
#17
Naveen Elangovan, Leonardo Cappello, Lorenzo Masia, Joshua Aman, Jürgen Konczak
Proprioceptive function can become enhanced during motor learning. Yet, we have incomplete knowledge to what extent proprioceptive function is trainable and how a training that enhances proprioception may influence performance in untrained motor skills. To address this knowledge gap, healthy young adults (N = 14) trained in a visuomotor task that required learners to make increasingly accurate wrist movements. Using a robotic exoskeleton coupled with a virtual visual environment, participants tilted a virtual table through continuous wrist flexion/extension movements with the goal to position a rolling ball on table into a target...
December 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209829/adaptation-to-proprioceptive-targets-following-visuomotor-adaptation
#18
Jenna C Flannigan, Ruth J Posthuma, Jesse N Lombardo, Chelsea Murray, Erin K Cressman
In the following study, we asked if reaches to proprioceptive targets are updated following reach training with a gradually introduced visuomotor perturbation. Subjects trained to reach with distorted hand-cursor feedback, such that they saw a cursor that was rotated or translated relative to their actual hand movement. Following reach training trials with the cursor, subjects reached to Visual (V), Proprioceptive (P) and Visual + Proprioceptive (VP) targets with no visual feedback of their hand. Comparison of reach endpoints revealed that reaches to VP targets followed similar trends as reaches to P targets, regardless of the training distortion introduced...
December 5, 2017: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209188/age-related-decline-of-wrist-position-sense-and-its-relationship-to-specific-physical-training
#19
Ann Van de Winckel, Yu-Ting Tseng, Daniel Chantigian, Kaitlyn Lorant, Zinat Zarandi, Jeffrey Buchanan, Thomas A Zeffiro, Mia Larson, Becky Olson-Kellogg, Jürgen Konczak, Manda L Keller-Ross
Perception of limb and body positions is known as proprioception. Sensory feedback, especially from proprioceptive receptors, is essential for motor control. Aging is associated with a decline in position sense at proximal joints, but there is inconclusive evidence of distal joints being equally affected by aging. In addition, there is initial evidence that physical activity attenuates age-related decline in proprioception. Our objectives were, first, to establish wrist proprioceptive acuity in a large group of seniors and compare their perception to young adults, and second, to determine if specific types of training or regular physical activity are associated with preserved wrist proprioception...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199518/improvement-on-upper-limb-body-powered-prostheses-1921-2016-a-systematic-review
#20
Nur Afiqah Hashim, Nasrul Anuar Abd Razak, Noor Azuan Abu Osman, Hossein Gholizadeh
Body-powered prostheses are known for their advantages of cost, reliability, training period, maintenance, and proprioceptive feedback. This study primarily aims to analyze the work related to the improvement of upper limb body-powered prostheses prior to 2016. A systematic review conducted via the search of the Web of Science electronic database, Google Scholar, and Google Patents identified 155 papers from 1921 to 2016. Sackett's initial rules of evidence were used to determine the levels of evidence, and only papers categorized in the design and development category and patents were analyzed...
December 1, 2017: Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers. Part H, Journal of Engineering in Medicine
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