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Proprioceptive training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091814/effects-of-forced-movements-on-learning-findings-from-a-choice-reaction-time-task-in-rats
#1
Hidekazu Kaneko, Hiroto Sano, Yasuhisa Hasegawa, Hiroshi Tamura, Shinya S Suzuki
To investigate how motor sensation facilitates learning, we used a sensory-motor association task to determine whether the sensation induced by forced movements contributes to performance improvements in rats. The rats were trained to respond to a tactile stimulus (an air puff) by releasing a lever pressed by the stimulated (compatible condition) or nonstimulated (incompatible condition) forepaw. When error rates fell below 15%, the compatibility condition was changed (reversal learning). An error trial was followed by a lever activation trial in which a lever on the correct or the incorrect response side was automatically elevated at a preset time of 120, 220, 320, or 420 ms after tactile stimulation...
January 14, 2017: Learning & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995126/discriminability-of-single-and-multichannel-intracortical-microstimulation-within-somatosensory-cortex
#2
Cynthia K Overstreet, Randall B Hellman, Ruben D Ponce Wong, Veronica J Santos, Stephen I Helms Tillery
The addition of tactile and proprioceptive feedback to neuroprosthetic limbs is expected to significantly improve the control of these devices. Intracortical microstimulation (ICMS) of somatosensory cortex is a promising method of delivering this sensory feedback. To date, the main focus of somatosensory ICMS studies has been to deliver discriminable signals, corresponding to varying intensity, to a single location in cortex. However, multiple independent and simultaneous streams of sensory information will need to be encoded by ICMS to provide functionally relevant feedback for a neuroprosthetic limb (e...
2016: Frontiers in Bioengineering and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992260/a-three-week-unexpected-disturbance-program-improves-physical-performance-of-elite-female-athletes
#3
Jorg Teichmann, Edin K Suwarganda, C Martyn Beaven, Kim Hébert-Losier, Lee Jin Wei, Florencio Tenllado Vallejo, Philip Lew Chun Foong, Ramlan Abdul Aziz, Yeo Wee Kian, Dietmar Schmidtbleicher
CONTEXT: Sensorimotor training is commonly used in a rehabilitative setting; however, the effectiveness of an unexpected disturbance program (UDP) to enhance performance measures in uninjured elite athletes is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of a three-week UDP program on strength, power, and proprioceptive measures. DESIGN: Matched-group, pre- post design. SETTING: National Sports Institute. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-one international-level female field hockey athletes...
December 19, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27992070/exercise-for-haemophilia
#4
REVIEW
Karen Strike, Kathy Mulder, Rojer Michael
BACKGROUND: Haemophilia is a bleeding disorder associated with haemorrhaging into joints and muscles. Exercise is often used to aid recovery after bleeds, and to improve joint function in the presence of arthropathy. OBJECTIVES: Our objective was to systematically review the available evidence on the safety and effectiveness of exercise for people with haemophilia. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Cystic Fibrosis and Genetic Disorders Group's Coagulopathies Trials Register and electronic databases PubMed, OVID-Embase, and CINAHL...
19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978501/balancing-sensory-inputs-sensory-reweighting-of-ankle-proprioception-and-vision-during-a-bipedal-posture-task
#5
Rakshatha Kabbaligere, Beom-Chan Lee, Charles S Layne
During multisensory integration, it has been proposed that the central nervous system (CNS) assigns a weight to each sensory input through a process called sensory reweighting. The outcome of this integration process is a single percept that is used to control posture. The main objective of this study was to determine the interaction between ankle proprioception and vision during sensory integration when the two inputs provide conflicting sensory information pertaining to direction of body sway. Sensory conflict was created by using bilateral Achilles tendon vibration and contracting visual flow and produced body sway in opposing directions when applied independently...
December 7, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942145/effect-of-proprioception-cross-training-on-repositioning-accuracy-and-balance-among-healthy-individuals
#6
Tarek Mohamed El-Gohary, Osama Ahmed Khaled, Sameh R Ibrahim, Abdullah M Alshenqiti, Mahmoud I Ibrahim
[Purpose] To investigate possible cross effects of proprioception training on proprioception repositioning accuracy of the knee joint and on balance in healthy subjects. [Subjects and Methods] Sixty healthy college students and faculty members from faculty of physical therapy, Cairo University were recruited to participate. Participants were randomly assigned to training group (n=30) and control group (n=30). The training group received proprioceptive training program only for the dominant leg while the control group did not receive any kind of training...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923177/the-effect-of-exergaming-on-knee-proprioception-in-older-men-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Hassan Sadeghi, Mohammad Nazrul Hakim, Tengku Aizan Hamid, Saidon Bin Amri, Mohsen Razeghi, Mohammadreza Farazdaghi, Elham Shakoor
BACKGROUND: Proprioception is the ability to sense the body position, muscle sense, joint stability and posture. As balance decreases during the process of aging, knee proprioception has a critical role in body balance and daily activities. Exergaming has shown to be a potentially effective and more enjoyable form of exercise delivery. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of an 8-week Xbox Kinect exercise program on knee proprioception in healthy older adults...
March 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895574/robot-assisted-rehabilitation-of-ankle-plantar-flexors-spasticity-a-3-month-study-with-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation
#8
Zhihao Zhou, Yao Sun, Ninghua Wang, Fan Gao, Kunlin Wei, Qining Wang
In this paper, we aim to investigate the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF)-based rehabilitation for ankle plantar flexors spasticity by using a Robotic Ankle-foot Rehabilitation System (RARS). A modified robot-assisted system was proposed, and seven poststroke patients with hemiplegic spastic ankles participated in a 3-month robotic PNF training. Their impaired sides were used as the experimental group, while their unimpaired sides as the control group. A robotic intervention for the experimental group started from a 2-min passive stretching to warming-up or relaxing the soleus and gastrocnemius muscles and also ended with the same one...
2016: Frontiers in Neurorobotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874176/effects-of-tai-chi-on-cognition-and-fall-risk-in-older-adults-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Somporn Sungkarat, Sirinun Boripuntakul, Nipon Chattipakorn, Kanokwan Watcharasaksilp, Stephen R Lord
OBJECTIVES: To examine whether combined center- and home-based Tai Chi training can improve cognitive ability and reduce physiological fall risk in older adults with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (a-MCI). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Chiang Mai, Thailand. PARTICIPANTS: Adults aged 60 and older who met Petersen's criteria for multiple-domain a-MCI (N = 66). INTERVENTION: Three weeks center-based and 12 weeks home-based Tai Chi (50 minutes per session, 3 times per week)...
November 22, 2016: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849130/treatment-of-muscle-injuries-in-football
#10
Peter Ueblacker, Lutz Haensel, Hans-Wilhelm Mueller-Wohlfahrt
Muscle injuries are frequent and represent one of the most substantial medical problems in professional football. They can have both traumatic and overuse causes with direct practical consequence due to differences in terms of the post-primary care regimen and prognosis. An accurate diagnosis is the first step towards a specific treatment and usually allows to predict return to play (RTP). Current treatment principles have no firm scientific basis; they are practiced largely as empirical medicine due to a lack of prospective randomised studies...
December 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834613/patient-outcomes-utilizing-the-mulligan-concept-of-mwm-to-treat-intercollegiate-patients-diagnosed-with-lateral-ankle-sprain-an-a-priori-case-series
#11
James M May, Alan Nasypany, Julie Paolino, Russell Baker, Jeffrey Seegmiller
CONTEXT: While the incidence and re-injury rates of lateral ankle sprain (LAS) continue to persist at high rates across many sporting activities, further exploration of assessment and treatment beyond the traditional ligamentous and strength/proprioceptive model is warranted. Further, assessing and treating both arthrokinematic and osteokinematic changes associated with LAS can provide insight into a more diverse approach to treating ankle pathology. OBJECTIVE: To examine the clinical use of the Mulligan Concept MWM while treating patients diagnosed with an acute grade I or II LAS through authentic patient care...
November 11, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27830949/motor-control-exercises-of-the-lumbar-pelvic-region-improve-respiratory-function-in-obese-men-a-pilot-study
#12
Emanuela Bezzoli, Dianne Andreotti, Lucia Pianta, Martina Mascheroni, Lorena Piccinno, Luca Puricelli, Veronica Cimolin, Alberto Salvadori, Franco Codecasa, Paolo Capodaglio
PURPOSE: Obese subjects have decreased pulmonary function. The hypothesis of our study was that poor coordination of the lumbar-pelvic musculature secondary to obesity may hinder the synergic activation of the respiratory muscles. The aim of the paper was to evaluate whether specific motor control exercises of the lumbar-pelvic musculature were able to improve respiratory function. METHOD: Twenty obese male patients underwent a rehabilitation program including adapted physical activity and respiratory physiotherapy...
November 10, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27823737/a-one-year-proprioceptive-exercise-programme-reduces-the-incidence-of-falls-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-a-before-after-non-randomised-intervention-study
#13
Pilar Pérez-Ros, Francisco M Martinez-Arnau, Vincenzo Malafarina, Francisco J Tarazona-Santabalbina
BACKGROUND: The risk of falls increases with age. Balance alteration and polypharmacy are independent contributors to an increased risk of falls. OBJECTIVE: The primary aim was to assess whether a proprioceptive exercise programme reduces the incidence of falls. A secondary aim was to assess the association between drugs and falls. DESIGN: This was a before-after non-randomised intervention study. PARTICIPANTS: The study recruited independent and cognitively intact community-dwelling people aged over 69 years, from December 2012 to May 2014...
December 2016: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816779/performance-monitoring-for-brain-computer-interface-actions
#14
Aaron Schurger, Steven Gale, Olivia Gozel, Olaf Blanke
When presented with a difficult perceptual decision, human observers are able to make metacognitive judgements of subjective certainty. Such judgements can be made independently of and prior to any overt response to a sensory stimulus, presumably via internal monitoring. Retrospective judgements about one's own task performance, on the other hand, require first that the subject perform a task and thus could potentially be made based on motor processes, proprioceptive, and other sensory feedback rather than internal monitoring...
February 2017: Brain and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806493/proprioception-of-knee-joint-in-athletes-and-non-athletes-obese
#15
Hajar Moravveji, Ali Ghanbari, Fahimeh Kamali
BACKGROUND: Proprioception plays an integral role in the neuromotor control of the knee joint. The objective of this study was to evaluate the relationship of knee joint proprioception deficit and regular exercise activities with obesity. MATERIALS & METHODS: In this case control study, we had 60 participants, aged 18 to 35 in four groups (15 athletes obese; 15 athletes with normal weight; 15 non-athletes obese; 15 non-athletes with normal weight). The average Body Mass Index for the obese groups was 33...
July 27, 2016: Global Journal of Health Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799700/the-effect-of-age-and-body-mass-index-on-plantar-cutaneous-sensation-in-healthy-women
#16
Eylem Tütün Yümin, Tülay Tarsuslu Şimşek, Meral Sertel, Handan Ankaralı
[Purpose] This study was conducted to examine the effects of age and body mass index on plantar cutaneous sensation in healthy women. [Subjects and Methods] Two hundred and three healthy female volunteers over the age of 20 were included in the study. The statistical analyses were performed by considering the age and body mass index values of the individuals. The individuals were divided according to their ages and body mass index values. Foot pain was measured with a visual analogue scale and plantar cutaneous sensation using Semmes-Weinstein monofilaments...
September 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27791345/a-randomized-controlled-trial-on-the-long-term-effects-of-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-training-on-pain-related-outcomes-and-back-muscle-activity-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#17
Pattanasin Areeudomwong, Witchayut Wongrat, Nertnapa Neammesri, Thanaporn Thongsakul
BACKGROUND: The role of exercise therapy in improving pain-related clinical outcomes and trunk muscle activity in patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) has been widely reported. There is little information on the effect of proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) training in patients with CLBP. The purpose of the present study was therefore to investigate the persistence of the effects of PNF training on pain intensity, functional disability, patient satisfaction, health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and lower back muscle activity in patients with CLBP...
October 28, 2016: Musculoskeletal Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747841/the-efficacy-of-exercise-in-preventing-injury-in-adult-male-football-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-controlled-trials
#18
Tom Porter, Alison Rushton
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention measures might reduce the impact of injury on footballers and football clubs. Increasing research has evaluated the use of exercise for injury prevention. However, research has focused on adolescent females. No high-quality systematic reviews have evaluated the efficacy of all forms of exercise on preventing injury in adult male football. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to conduct a systematic review to evaluate the efficacy of exercise in preventing injury in adult male football...
December 2015: Sports Medicine—Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27735227/shoulder-muscle-activation-levels-during-exercises-with-axial-and-rotational-load-on-stable-and-unstable-surfaces
#19
Vinícius Yan Santos Nacimento, Rafaela Joyce Barbosa Torres, Natália Barros Beltrão, Priscila Soares Dos Santos, André Luiz Torres Pirauá, Valéria Mayaly Alves de Oliveira, Ana Carolina Rodarti Pitangui, Rodrigo Cappato de Araújo
This study evaluated the effects of instability on the EMG activity of scapular stabilizing and upper limb muscles during exercises with axial and rotational load. 20 male volunteers (20.9 ± 1.8 years, 174.1 ± 0.04 cm, 73.17 ± 8.77 kg) experienced in strength training participated in a crossover design. Muscle activation of anterior deltoid (AD), posterior deltoid (PD), pectoralis major (PM), biceps brachii (BB), triceps brachii (TB), upper trapezius (UT), middle trapezius (MT), lower trapezius (LT) and serratus anterior (SA) were determined on both conditions...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732595/time-course-of-reach-adaptation-and-proprioceptive-recalibration-during-visuomotor-learning
#20
Jennifer E Ruttle, Erin K Cressman, Bernard Marius 't Hart, Denise Y P Henriques
Training to reach with rotated visual feedback results in adaptation of hand movements, which persist when the perturbation is removed (reach aftereffects). Training also leads to changes in felt hand position, which we refer to as proprioceptive recalibration. The rate at which motor and proprioceptive changes develop throughout training is unknown. Here, we aim to determine the timescale of these changes in order to gain insight into the processes that may be involved in motor learning. Following six rotated reach training trials (30° rotation), at three radially located targets, we measured reach aftereffects and perceived hand position (proprioceptive guided reaches)...
2016: PloS One
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