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Proprioceptive training

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019743/injury-prevention-in-male-youth-soccer-current-practices-and-perceptions-of-practitioners-working-at-elite-english-academies
#1
Paul J Read, Pablo Jimenez, Jon L Oliver, Rhodri S Lloyd
Forty-one practitioners inclusive of physiotherapists, sports scientists and strength and conditioning coaches from the academies of elite soccer clubs in the United Kingdom completed an on-line questionnaire which examined their: (1) background information; (2) perceptions of injury occurrence and risk factors; (3) screening and return to play; and (4) approach to designing and delivering injury prevention programmes with a response rate of 55% (41/75). Contact injuries were the most common mechanism reported and players between 13-16 years of age were perceived to be at the greatest risk...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983841/evidence-based-concepts-for-prevention-of-knee-and-acl-injuries-2017-guidelines-of-the-ligament-committee-of-the-german-knee-society-dkg
#2
Julian Mehl, Theresa Diermeier, Elmar Herbst, Andreas B Imhoff, Thomas Stoffels, Thore Zantop, Wolf Petersen, Andrea Achtnich
INTRODUCTION: Knee injuries and especially anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears are frequent in athletes. Therefore, primary and secondary prevention of sports-related lower limb injuries is an ongoing topic of interest. The aim of present study was to establish guidelines for the prevention of knee and ACL injuries on the basis of evidence-based concepts represented in current literature. METHODS: A comprehensive literature review regarding prevention programs for knee and ACL injuries was conducted...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949820/pilates-and-proprioceptive-neuromuscular-facilitation-methods-induce-similar-strength-gains-but-different-neuromuscular-adaptations-in-elderly-women
#3
Fabiana Teixeira de Carvalho, Laiana Sepúlveda de Andrade Mesquita, Rafael Pereira, Osmar Pinto Neto, Renato Amaro Zangaro
Background/Study Context: The aging process is associated with a decline in muscle mass, strength, and conditioning. Two training methods that may be useful to improve muscle function are Pilates and proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF). Thus, the present study aimed to compare the influence of training programs using Pilates and PNF methods with elderly women. METHODS: Sixty healthy elderly women were randomly divided into three groups: Pilates group, PNF group, and control group...
September 26, 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946541/effects-of-two-proprioceptive-training-programs-on-ankle-range-of-motion-pain-functional-and-balance-performance-in-individuals-with-ankle-sprain
#4
Lazaros Lazarou, Nikolaos Kofotolis, Georgios Pafis, Eleftherios Kellis
BACKGROUND: Following ankle sprain, residual symptoms are often apparent, and proprioceptive training is a treatment approach. Evidence, however, is limited and the optimal program has to be identified. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of two post-acute supervised proprioceptive training programs in individuals with ankle sprain. METHODS: Participants were recruited from a physiotherapy center for ankle sprain rehabilitation. In a pre-post treatment, blinded-assessor design, 22 individuals were randomly allocated to a balance or a proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) group...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28945740/force-encoding-in-muscle-spindles-during-stretch-of-passive-muscle
#5
Kyle P Blum, Boris Lamotte D'Incamps, Daniel Zytnicki, Lena H Ting
Muscle spindle proprioceptive receptors play a primary role in encoding the effects of external mechanical perturbations to the body. During externally-imposed stretches of passive, i.e. electrically-quiescent, muscles, the instantaneous firing rates (IFRs) of muscle spindles are associated with characteristics of stretch such as length and velocity. However, even in passive muscle, there are history-dependent transients of muscle spindle firing that are not uniquely related to muscle length and velocity, nor reproduced by current muscle spindle models...
September 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931439/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-on-neuromuscular-function-for-individuals-with-knee-osteoarthritis-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Zhangqi Lai, Xueqiang Wang, Seullee Lee, Xihe Hou, Lin Wang
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a leading cause of public disability. Neuromuscular function contributes to the development and/or progression of KOA. Whole body vibration (WBV) exercise improve the neuromuscular function of patients with neurological disorders and even that of older patients with limited exercise options. Therefore, WBV exercise may offer an efficient and alternative treatment for individuals with KOA. However, the effects of WBV training on the neuromuscular function of individuals with KOA remain unclear...
September 20, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922126/functional-contour-following-via-haptic-perception-and-reinforcement-learning
#7
Randall B Hellman, Cem Tekin, Mihaela van der Schaar, Veronica J Santos
Many tasks involve the fine manipulation of objects despite limited visual feedback. In such scenarios, tactile and proprioceptive feedback can be leveraged for task completion. We present an approach for real-time haptic perception and decision-making for a haptics-driven, functional contour-following task: the closure of a ziplock bag. This task is challenging for robots because the bag is deformable, transparent, and visually occluded by artificial fingertip sensors that are also compliant. A deep neural net classifier was trained to estimate the state of a zipper within a robot's pinch grasp...
September 18, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916583/a-balance-and-proprioception-intervention-programme-to-enhance-combat-performance-in-military-personnel
#8
Shany Funk, T Jacob, D Ben-Dov, E Yanovich, O Tirosh, N Steinberg
BACKGROUND: Optimal functioning of the lower extremities under repeated movements on unstable surfaces is essential for military effectiveness. Intervention training to promote proprioceptive ability should be considered in order to limit the risk for musculoskeletal injuries. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of a proprioceptive intervention programme on static and dynamic postural balance among Israel Defense Forces combat soldiers. METHODS: Twenty-seven male soldiers, aged 18-20 years, from a physical fitness instructor's course, were randomly divided into two groups matched by age and army unit...
September 14, 2017: Journal of the Royal Army Medical Corps
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906387/a-nearly-full-recovery-from-avm-hemorrhagic-stroke-17-years-after-insult-using-a-new-integrated-neurodevelopmental-approach-a-case-report
#9
Alberto J Friedmann
RATIONAL: With the prevalence of stroke increasing in the USA and the world along with increased survival and longevity due to medical advancements, it has become increasingly necessary to look at the chronic phase of stroke recovery. Previous paradigms of stroke treatment have proven ineffective when looking at 10, 15, or 20 years of survival post insult. PATIENT CONCERNS: The patient, being a young man just out of high school, was concerned with his overall morbidity...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900572/return-to-running-following-a-knee-disarticulation-amputation-a-case-report
#10
Angela R Diebal-Lee, Robert S Kuenzi, Christopher A Rábago
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The evolution of running-specific prostheses has empowered athletes with lower extremity amputations to run farther and faster than previously thought possible; but running with proper mechanics is still paramount to an injury-free, active lifestyle. The purpose of this case report was to describe the successful alteration of intact limb mechanics from a Rearfoot Striking (RFS) to a Non-Rearfoot Striking (NRFS) pattern in an individual with a knee disarticulation amputation, the associated reduction in Average Vertical Loading Rate (AVLR), and the improvement in functional performance following the intervention...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900561/effects-of-a-band-loop-on-lower-extremity-muscle-activity-and-kinematics-during-the-barbell-squat
#11
Ryan C A Foley, Brittany D Bulbrook, Duane C Button, Michael W R Holmes
BACKGROUND: Medial knee collapse can signal an underlying movement issue that, if uncorrected, can lead to a variety of knee injuries. Placing a band around the distal thigh may act as a proprioceptive aid to minimize medial collapse of the knee during squats; however, little is known about EMG and biomechanics in trained and untrained individuals during the squat with an elastic band added. HYPOTHESIS/PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of the TheraBand® Band Loop on kinematics and muscle activity of the lower extremity during a standard barbell back squat at different intensities in both trained and untrained individuals...
August 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886473/strategies-for-injury-prevention-in-brazilian-football-perceptions-of-physiotherapists-and-practices-of-premier-league-teams
#12
Maurício Couto Meurer, Marcelo Faria Silva, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
OBJECTIVES: To describe the physiotherapists perceptions and the current practices for injury prevention in elite football (soccer) clubs in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Group of Science in Sports & Exercise, Federal University of Healthy Sciences of Porto Alegre (Brazil). PARTICIPANTS: 16 of the 20 football clubs involved in the Brazilian premier league 2015. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Physiotherapists answered a structured questionnaire...
July 25, 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885356/correlations-between-lumbar-neuromuscular-function-and-pain-lumbar-disability-in-patients-with-nonspecific-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Haoyu Hu, Yili Zheng, Xueqiang Wang, Binglin Chen, Yulin Dong, Juan Zhang, Xiaochen Liu, Di Gong
This study aims to examine the correlations between lumbar neuromuscular function and pain, lumbar disability in patients with nonspecific low back pain (NSLBP).Ninety patients, with ages 18 to 37 years old, with NSLBP were recruited in this study. The lumbar neuromuscular function was tested by the CON-TREX multijoint isokinetic test and training machine. This study uses the visual analog scale (VAS) and Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) to evaluate the pain and the dysfunction index of patients who have low back pain, respectively...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855793/the-use-of-compression-tack-and-flossing-along-with-lacrosse-ball-massage-to-treat-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-adolescent-athlete-a-case-report
#14
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813934/a-hybrid-brain-machine-interface-based-on-eeg-and-emg-activity-for-the-motor-rehabilitation-of-stroke-patients
#15
Andrea Sarasola-Sanz, Nerea Irastorza-Landa, Eduardo Lopez-Larraz, Carlos Bibian, Florian Helmhold, Doris Broetz, Niels Birbaumer, Ander Ramos-Murguialday
Including supplementary information from the brain or other body parts in the control of brain-machine interfaces (BMIs) has been recently proposed and investigated. Such enriched interfaces are referred to as hybrid BMIs (hBMIs) and have been proven to be more robust and accurate than regular BMIs for assistive and rehabilitative applications. Electromyographic (EMG) activity is one of the most widely utilized biosignals in hBMIs, as it provides a quite direct measurement of the motion intention of the user...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813843/addition-of-forelimb-training-reduces-gains-from-robotic-gait-training-in-a-rat-model-of-spinal-cord-injury
#16
Nathan D Neckel, Haining Dai, Olga C Rodriguez
To restore locomotor function following spinal cord injury the disrupted descending supraspinal drive needs to be re-connected to regions caudal to the injury. Robotic gait training aims to facilitate recovery by stimulating the proprioceptive networks of the legs in a coordinated walking pattern while the descending supraspinal connections are re-established. In incomplete injuries, it is believed that the interneuronal networks near the injury site form relay circuits to reroute the supraspinal signals through the spared tissue...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813802/movement-therapy-without-moving-first-results-on-isometric-movement-training-for-post-stroke-rehabilitation-of-arm-function
#17
A Melendez-Calderon, E Rodrigues, K Thielbar, J L Patton
This study explores the use of isometric movement training for arm rehabilitation after stroke. The aim of this approach is to enhance movement skill even when the person training is not moving. This is accomplished by deceptively displaying virtual motions, exploiting known cross-modal sensory interactions between vision and proprioception. This approach can be advantageous in situations where actual movement is prohibitive due to weakness, spasticity, instability, or unsafe conditions. We present early insights on usability of and tolerance to this training approach and quantitative results that can power future clinical trials...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813788/a-novel-pneumatic-stimulator-for-the-investigation-of-noise-enhanced-proprioception
#18
Anna-Maria Georgarakis, Harshal A Sonar, Mike D Rinderknecht, Olivier Lambercy, Bernard J Martin, Verena Klamroth-Marganska, Jamie Paik, Robert Riener, Jaime E Duarte
Executing coordinated movements requires that motor and sensory systems cooperate to achieve a motor goal. Impairment of either system may lead to unstable and/or inaccurate movements. In rehabilitation training, however, most approaches have focused on the motor aspects of the control loop. We are examining mechanisms that may enhance the sensory system to improve motor control. More precisely, the effects of stochastic subliminal vibratory tactile stimulation on wrist proprioception. We developed a device - based on a novel soft pneumatic actuator skin technology - to stimulate multiple sites simultaneously and independently...
July 2017: IEEE ... International Conference on Rehabilitation Robotics: [proceedings]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803535/robotic-assistance-for-training-finger-movement-using-a-hebbian-model-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Justin B Rowe, Vicky Chan, Morgan L Ingemanson, Steven C Cramer, Eric T Wolbrecht, David J Reinkensmeyer
BACKGROUND: Robots that physically assist movement are increasingly used in rehabilitation therapy after stroke, yet some studies suggest robotic assistance discourages effort and reduces motor learning. OBJECTIVE: To determine the therapeutic effects of high and low levels of robotic assistance during finger training. METHODS: We designed a protocol that varied the amount of robotic assistance while controlling the number, amplitude, and exerted effort of training movements...
August 2017: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800501/learning-effects-of-dynamic-postural-control-by-auditory-biofeedback-versus-visual-biofeedback-training
#20
Naoya Hasegawa, Kenta Takeda, Moe Sakuma, Hiroki Mani, Hiroshi Maejima, Tadayoshi Asaka
Augmented sensory biofeedback (BF) for postural control is widely used to improve postural stability. However, the effective sensory information in BF systems of motor learning for postural control is still unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the learning effects of visual versus auditory BF training in dynamic postural control. Eighteen healthy young adults were randomly divided into two groups (visual BF and auditory BF). In test sessions, participants were asked to bring the real-time center of pressure (COP) in line with a hidden target by body sway in the sagittal plane...
October 2017: Gait & Posture
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