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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036872/factors-influencing-the-occupational-injuries-of-physical-therapists-in-taiwan-a-hierarchical-linear-model-approach
#1
Yu-Hui Tao, Yu-Lung Wu, Wan-Yun Huang
BACKGROUND: The evidence literature suggests that physical therapy practitioners are subjected to a high probability of acquiring work-related injuries, but only a few studies have specifically investigated Taiwanese physical therapy practitioners. OBJECTIVE: This study was conducted to determine the relationships among individual and group hospital-level factors that contribute to the medical expenses for the occupational injuries of physical therapy practitioners in Taiwan...
October 8, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036406/effects-of-computerized-decision-support-system-implementations-on-patient-outcomes-in-inpatient-care-a-systematic-review
#2
Julian Varghese, Maren Kleine, Sophia Isabella Gessner, Sarah Sandmann, Martin Dugas
Objectives: To systematically classify the clinical impact of computerized clinical decision support systems (CDSSs) in inpatient care. Materials and Methods: Medline, Cochrane Trials, and Cochrane Reviews were searched for CDSS studies that assessed patient outcomes in inpatient settings. For each study, 2 physicians independently mapped patient outcome effects to a predefined medical effect score to assess the clinical impact of reported outcome effects. Disagreements were measured by using weighted kappa and solved by consensus...
September 23, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036230/predictors-of-adverse-drug-reaction-related-hospitalisation-in-southwest-ethiopia-a-prospective-cross-sectional-study
#3
Mulugeta Tarekegn Angamo, Colin Michael Curtain, Leanne Chalmers, Daniel Yilma, Luke Bereznicki
BACKGROUND: Adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are important causes of morbidity and mortality in the healthcare system; however, there are no studies reporting on the magnitude and risk factors associated with ADR-related hospitalisation in Ethiopia. OBJECTIVES: To characterise the reaction types and the drugs implicated in admission to Jimma University Specialized Hospital, Southwest Ethiopia, and to identify risk factors associated with ADR-related hospitalisation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035984/risk-factors-for-lower-extremity-injuries-among-contemporary-dance-students
#4
Christine van Seters, Rogier M van Rijn, Marienke van Middelkoop, Janine H Stubbe
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether student characteristics, lower-extremity kinematics, and strength are risk factors for sustaining lower-extremity injuries in preprofessional contemporary dancers. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Codarts University of the Arts. PATIENTS: Forty-five first-year students of Bachelor Dance and Bachelor Dance Teacher. ASSESSMENT OF RISK FACTORS: At the beginning of the academic year, the injury history (only lower-extremity) and student characteristics (age, sex, educational program) were assessed using a questionnaire...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035965/effectiveness-of-bedrails-in-preventing-falls-among-hospitalized-older-adults-a-systematic-review
#5
Paulo Marques, Carmen Queirós, João Apóstolo, Daniela Cardoso
BACKGROUND: Falls are a major problem today affecting adults of any age, but the elderly are a population that is more susceptible to falls. Falls are the leading cause of injury or death among older adults. Hospitalized older people are particularly vulnerable to falls. Falls cause direct injuries (minor injuries, severe wounds of the soft tissues and bone fractures) to patients and increased length of stay. The prevention of falls is commonly considered an indicator of the quality of care...
October 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035925/acute-kidney-injury-in-trauma-patients
#6
Anatole Harrois, Nicolas Libert, Jacques Duranteau
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review epidemiology and pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI) in trauma patients and propose strategies that aim at preventing AKI after trauma. RECENT FINDINGS: AKI in trauma patients has been reported to be as frequent as 50% with an association to a prolonged length of stay and a raise in mortality. Among the specific risk factors encountered in trauma patients, hemorrhagic shock, rhabdomyolysis severity, age, and comorbidities are independently associated with AKI occurrence...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035924/rotational-therapy-in-thoracic-injuries-what-is-the-evidence
#7
Philipp Störmann, Ingo Marzi, Sebastian Wutzler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the current use of continuous lateral rotational therapy (CLRT) in patients with thoracic injuries and its impact on clinical course, complications and outcome. RECENT FINDINGS: Patient positioning is a key factor in the treatment of severe thoracic injuries and CLRT, and intermittent supine and prone position are basic options. There is a lack of randomized controlled studies for trauma patients with chest injury undergoing kinetic therapy as standard of care...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035401/skydiving-and-the-risk-of-cervical-disc-herniation
#8
Ayşe Coşkun Beyan, Yücel Demiral, Banu Dilek, Nur Şafak Alici, Cem Bediz, Arif Çimrin
The skydiving/parachuting sport which has recently gained popularity is also known for its accidents and injuries. However, there are a few studies related to its occupational ergonomic risks and occupational musculoskeletal diseases. It has been reported that the sudden hyperextension of the neck during the parachute opening, so called opening shock results in neck pain. It has been found that the jumpers are subjected to an average deceleration of 3-5 times the earth's gravitational acceleration (3-5 G) during parachute opening shock...
October 13, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035084/traffic-injury-prevention
#9
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: Traffic Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034376/exploring-the-pregnant-guinea-pig-as-a-model-for-group-b-streptococcus-intrauterine-infection
#10
Maria I Harrell, Kellie Burnside, Christopher Whidbey, Jay Vornhagen, Kristina M Adams Waldorf, Lakshmi Rajagopal
Infection of the amniotic cavity remains a major cause of preterm birth, stillbirth, fetal injury and early onset, fulminant infections in newborns. Currently, there are no effective therapies to prevent in utero infection and consequent co-morbidities. This is in part due to the lack of feasible and appropriate animal models to understand mechanisms that lead to in utero infections. Use of mouse and rat models do not fully recapitulate human pregnancy, while pregnant nonhuman primate models are limited by ethical considerations, technical constraints, and cost...
September 2017: J Infect Dis Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034358/acute-kidney-injury-recognition-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#11
Jorge Cerdá, Sumit Mohan, Guillermo Garcia-Garcia, Vivekanand Jha, Srinivas Samavedam, Swarnalata Gowrishankar, Arvind Bagga, Rajasekara Chakravarthi, Ravindra Mehta
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is increasingly common around the world. Because of the low availability of effective therapies and resource limitations, early preventive and therapeutic measures are essential to decrease morbidity, mortality, and cost. Timely recognition and diagnosis of AKI requires a heightened degree of suspicion in the appropriate clinical and environmental context. In low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), early detection is impaired by limited resources and low awareness. In this article, we report the consensus recommendations of the 18th Acute Dialysis Quality Initiative meeting in Hyderabad, India, on how to improve recognition of AKI...
July 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033992/patient-safety-culture-in-intensive-care-units-from-the-perspective-of-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Sedigheh Farzi, Azam Moladoost, Masoud Bahrami, Saba Farzi, Reza Etminani
BACKGROUND: One of the goals of nursing is providing safe care, prevention of injury, and health promotion of patients. Patient safety in intensive care units is threatened for various reasons. This study aimed to survey patient safety culture from the perspective of nurses in intensive care units. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in 2016. Sampling was done using the convenience method. The sample consisted of 367 nurses working in intensive care units of teaching hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033830/the-decrease-of-uch-l1-activity-is-a-common-mechanism-responsible-for-a%C3%AE-42-accumulation-in-alzheimer-s-and-vascular-disease
#13
Michela Guglielmotto, Debora Monteleone, Valeria Vasciaveo, Ivan Enrico Repetto, Giusi Manassero, Massimo Tabaton, Elena Tamagno
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a multifactorial pathology causing common brain spectrum disorders in affected patients. These mixed neurological disorders not only include structural AD brain changes but also cerebrovascular lesions. The main aim of the present issue is to find the factors shared by the two pathologies. The decrease of ubiquitin C-terminal hydrolase L1 (Uch-L1), a major neuronal enzyme involved in the elimination of misfolded proteins, was observed in ischemic injury as well as in AD, but its role in the pathogenesis of AD is far to be clear...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033507/syntax-score-of-infarct-related-artery-other-than-the-number-of-coronary-balloon-inflations-and-deflations-as-an-independent-predictor-of-contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-in-patients-with-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#14
Cheng-Wei Liu, Pen-Chih Liao, Kuo-Chin Chen, Jung-Cheng Hsu, Chung-Ming Tu, Yen-Wen Wu, Ai-Hsien Li, Shin-Rong Ke, Jiunn-Lee Lin
BACKGROUND: Although remote ischemic post-conditioning (RIPC) has been shown to prevent contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CIAKI) in patients with acute coronary syndrome, its efficacy in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) remains unclear. We examined the relationship among balloon inflations and deflations (BID) times, SYNTAX score of infarction-related artery (SI), periprocedural complications, and CIAKI in STEMI patients undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI)...
July 2017: Acta Cardiologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033400/protective-effects-of-luteolin-7-o-glucoside-against-starvation-induced-injury-through-upregulation-of-autophagy-in-h9c2-cells
#15
Hong Yao, Lichun Zhou, Linlin Tang, Yanhui Guan, Shang Chen, Yu Zhang, Xiuzhen Han
Cardiomyocyte nutrient deprivation is a common clinical event that mediates various cardiac ischemic processes and is associated with autophagy activation and cell survival or death. Luteolin-7-O-glucoside (LUTG) was one of the flavonoid glycosides isolated from Dracocephalum tanguticum. Previous research had showed that LUTG pretreatment had significant protective effects against doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity. However, whether LUTG could protect cardiomyocytes from starvation-induced injury was not clear...
October 16, 2017: Bioscience Trends
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032947/temporal-distribution-of-alcohol-related-facial-fractures
#16
Kai H Lee, Michael Qiu, Jiandong Sun
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to address 2 important aspects of temporal pattern in alcohol-related facial fractures: (1) comparison of temporal pattern of alcohol-related facial fracture (alcohol group) presentation with non-alcohol-related fracture (non-alcohol group) presentation; (2) temporal pattern of patient demographic characteristics, injury characteristics, and surgical management in the alcohol group presentation. STUDY DESIGN: This study retrospectively examined the Victorian admitted episodes data set (VAED) for the years 2010 to 2013...
September 19, 2017: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032759/predictable-and-preventable-historical-and-current-efforts-to-improve-child-injury-prevention
#17
Karen E Forward, Rod Lim, Eman Loubani
Childhood injuries are a global epidemic. Accidents resulting in childhood injury and death were first identified as a concern over a century ago. However, "accidents" leading to injury were not recognized as being predictable and preventable until more recently. Over the past seventy years, the concepts behind injury prevention were developed, and impressive reductions in childhood mortality were noted in countries such as Sweden, a world leader in multi-focal and targeted injury prevention strategies. Following their example, other countries have been called upon to improve and expand their injury prevention measures...
October 10, 2017: Current Pediatric Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032364/gymnastics-injury-incidence-during-the-2008-2012-and-2016-olympic-games-analysis-of-prospectively-collected-surveillance-data-from-963-registered-gymnasts-during-olympic-games
#18
Pascal Edouard, Kathrin Steffen, Astrid Junge, Michel Leglise, Torbjørn Soligard, Lars Engebretsen
OBJECTIVE: To determine the incidence and characteristics of injuries in female and male gymnastics disciplines (artistic, rhythmic and trampoline) during three Olympic Games with a view to ultimately improving injury prevention. METHODS: The National Olympic Committee's head physicians and the medical teams of the Local Organising Committee of the Olympic Games reported daily the occurrence (or non-occurrence) of newly sustained injuries in artistic, rhythmic and trampoline gymnastics on a standardised report form during the 2008, 2012 and 2016 Summer Olympic Games...
October 14, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032218/the-hypoglossal-nerve-anatomical-study-of-its-entire-course
#19
Giorgio Iaconetta, Domenico Solari, Alessandro Villa, Clotilde Castaldo, Rosa Maria Gerardi, Gianluigi Califano, Stefania Montagnani, Paolo Cappabianca
OBJECT: Only a few anatomic studies concerning the entire course of the hypoglossal nerve (cranial nerve XII) have been reported. The purpose of the present study is to analyze all the relationships of the XII nerve with the surrounding structures from the brainstem to the tongue through a microscopic perspective. A comprehensive anatomically and clinically oriented classification of its different segments is proposed. METHODS: Ten formalin-fixed adult human cadaveric heads (20 sides) were dissected with the aim to explore the entire course of the XII cranial nerve via the lateral suboccipital, the far lateral partial or total transcondilar routes...
October 11, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032190/transient-increase-in-sapp%C3%AE-secretion-in-response-to-a%C3%AE-1-42-oligomers-an-attempt-of-neuronal-self-defense
#20
Christiane Rose, Emilie Dorard, Mickael Audrain, Lucie Gorisse-Hussonnois, Nathalie Cartier, Jérome Braudeau, Bernadette Allinquant
Amyloid precursor protein (APP), a key molecule of Alzheimer disease, is metabolized in 2 antagonist pathways generating the soluble APP alpha (sAPPα) having neuroprotective properties and the beta amyloid (Aβ) peptide at the origin of neurotoxic oligomers, particularly Aβ1-42. Whether extracellular Aβ1-42 oligomers modulate the formation and secretion of sAPPα is not known. We report here that the addition of Aβ1-42 oligomers to primary cortical neurons induced a transient increase in α-secretase activity and secreted sAPPα 6-9 hours later...
September 19, 2017: Neurobiology of Aging
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