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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523327/complicated-diverticulitis-in-a-de-novo-kidney-transplanted-patient
#1
Liliana Ana TuŢă, Mădălina Boşoteanu, Eugen Dumitru, Mariana Deacu
Diverticular disease is frequent amongst the elderly and immunosuppressed patients. It mainly presents as sigmoid diverticulitis, but severe complications, like bleedings, infections and colon perforation may occur, frequently due to immunosuppressive therapy. Moreover, antibiotherapy and hemostatics may not efficiently control evolution in such cases. Early diagnose and adequate treatment of colonic diverticulosis complicated with lower gastrointestinal bleeding and diverticulitis in immunocompromised patients...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514287/concurrent-igg4-related-tubulointerstitial-nephritis-and-igg4-myeloperoxidase-anti-neutrophil-cytoplasmic-antibody-positive-crescentic-glomerulonephritis-a-case-report
#2
Tao Su, Li Yang, Zhao Cui, Su-Xia Wang, Ming-Hui Zhao
RATIONALE: IgG4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is a newly recognized systemic disease. The typical pathological finding in the kidney is abundant IgG4-positive plasma cell infiltration with characteristic storiform fibrosis in the interstitium. Antibodies of the IgG4 subclass have been linked to certain autoimmune diseases including antiproteinase 3 (PR3) anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic antibody (ANCA) of the IgG4 subclass. Here, we report a rare case of kidney injury with concurrent typical IgG4-related tubulointerstitial nephritis and IgG4 subclass of myeloperoxidase (MPO) ANCA-positive necrotizing crescentic glomerulonephritis...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509130/acute-pulmonary-thromboembolism-occurring-during-treatment-with-tolvaptan-in-a-patient-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#3
Katsuhiko Morimoto, Yasuhiro Akai, Masaru Matsui, Hiroki Yano, Miho Tagawa, Ken-Ichi Samejima, Yoshihiko Saito
Autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) is the most prevalent cystic kidney disease, with approximately half of the patients reaching end-stage renal disease by the age of 60. Tolvaptan prevents renal cyst growth by inhibiting intracellular cyclic AMP and is recommended for patients with ADPKD. Reports of thrombotic complications with tolvaptan have been limited. We report a case of a 60-year-old man who developed thromboembolisms during tolvaptan treatment for ADPKD. The patient started tolvaptan in July 2014...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506052/-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-retroperitoneal-metastases-and-renal-invasion-from-breast-cancer-a-case-report
#4
Go Noguchi, Yoko Saito, Taku Mitome, Susumu Umemoto, Ayano Kakazu, Tomoko Sugiyama, Teiichiro Ueki
A 67-year-old female was hospitalized with back pain. Computed tomography (CT) incidentally revealed a tumor in her left kidney tumor (33 mm) and bilateral breast tumors. She underwent a breast biopsy and was diagnosed with breast cancer (invasive lobular cancer, cT2N0M0). The renal tumor was suspected to be clear cell carcinoma, cT1aN0M0, based on contrast-enhanced CT. Surgery was considered necessary for both the breast cancer and renal tumor. First, laparoscopic radical nephrectomy was performed for the renal tumor...
April 2017: Hinyokika Kiyo. Acta Urologica Japonica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499754/methotrexate-induced-epidermal-necrosis-a-case-series-of-24-patients
#5
Ting-Jui Chen, Wen-Hung Chung, Chun-Bing Chen, Rosaline Chung-Yee Hui, Yu-Huei Huang, Yueh-Tsung Lu, Chang-Wei Wang, Kuo-Hsien Wang, Li-Cheng Yang, Shuen-Iu Hung
BACKGROUND: Methotrexate-induced epidermal necrosis (MEN) is a rare but life-threatening cutaneous reaction that mimics Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) and toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the clinicopathology, risk factors, and prognostic factors of MEN. METHODS: We enrolled 24 patients with MEN and 150 controls and analyzed the demographics, pathology, and plasma concentrations of methotrexate (MTX). RESULTS: Patients with MEN showed extensive skin necrosis (mean, 33...
May 10, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491170/high-grade-transitional-cell-carcinoma-masquerading-as-a-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-and-perinephric-abscess
#6
Flavio V Ordones, Krishanu Das, Simon Prowse, Penelope Cohen, Nicholas R Brook
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGPN) is an atypical long-term pyelonephritis with destruction of renal parenchyma and a long-term inflammatory infiltrate of macrophages. Reported presentations of transitional cell carcinoma (TCC) are different. A 73-year-old woman presented with loin pain, prostration, and fever. Computed tomography scan revealed poor cortical enhancement of the kidney, but some of the images bore resemblance to the characteristic "bear's paw" sign, consistent with XGPN with a 7-cm perinephric collection...
June 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487300/granulomatosis-with-polyangiitis-seeing-the-diagnosis
#7
Max J Blumberg, Cynthia I Tung, Lindsay A May, Sangita P Patel
A 41-year-old woman presented to her primary doctor with nausea, back pain and lower extremity oedema. Initial labs showed elevated serum creatinine and white blood cell count (WBC), which her doctor attributed to ibuprofen use and a recent upper respiratory infection. Five days later, she presented to the eye clinic with eye pain, redness and blurred vision. She was diagnosed with iritis, conjunctivitis and keratitis. The inflammatory eye disease with decreased renal function prompted the ophthalmologist to initiate systemic autoimmune and infectious disease work-up...
May 9, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486924/lanthanum-carbonate-a-new-phosphate-binding-drug-in-advanced-renal-failure
#8
Jan Aaseth, Anne-Lise Bjørke-Monsen
Lanthanum (La) is considered to be a non-essential element. La has been used for several decades in China to improve yield in plant production and has also been shown to have significant performance enhancing effects in feeding trials on animal husbandry. The estimated dietary intake of La in humans is below 150 µg, which is lower than 10% of the estimated limit of safe and acceptable daily intake. Upon ingestion of La as carbonate the lanthanum ion (La3+) is released in the stomach and traps dietary phosphate as insoluble lanthanum phosphate complexes in the gut, thereby inhibiting phosphate absorption...
May 9, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28481764/ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-biopsy-of-the-native-kidney-an-axial-approach-along-br%C3%A3-del-avascular-plane-of-the-lower-pole
#9
Yunsup Hwang, Yu Ri Shin, Su Lim Lee, Yoo Dong Won, Young Mi Ku
PURPOSE: This study demonstrates the feasibility and safety of the axial approach for real-time ultrasound-guided percutaneous renal biopsy along Brödel avascular plane. METHODS: In this retrospective analysis of 41 percutaneous biopsies performed from June 2014 to June 2015, patients' medical records, pathology results, complication rate, and pain score before and during the procedure were reviewed. RESULTS: The average number of sampled glomeruli was 16...
May 4, 2017: Ultrasound Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473361/seizure-induced-by-sudden-cessation-of-pregabalin-in-a-patient-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#10
Yang Timothy Du, Anthony P Roberts, David J Torpy
A middle-aged woman with diabetic nephropathy on pregabalin for neuropathic pain presented with a diarrhoeal illness. She was found to have acute on chronic renal impairment with an estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) of 10 mL/min, and her usual 150 mg/day of pregabalin was abruptly ceased. Although renal recovery to her baseline of eGFR 15 mL/min was achieved within 3 days, her pregabalin was not restarted. She suffered a tonic-clonic seizure 4 days later, thought to be due to pregabalin withdrawal as there were no other likely causes identified...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473030/-acute-caesarian-section-due-to-renal-tumour-with-spontaneously-emerged-perirenal-haematoma
#11
Mette Høltzermann, Astrid Helene Livbjerg, Anya Sook Eidhammer
A primipara at term was admitted to the labour ward with spontaneously emerged severe abdominal pain in the right flank and kidney. The patient was not known with any obstetric or urologic conditions. An acute caesarian section was performed due to the pain and pathological results of the cardiotocography, and a healthy child was delivered. During surgery, a haematoma was detected in the retroperitoneal space. A computed tomography (CT) of abdomen showed a Bosniak type IV tumour with surrounding haematoma in the kidney...
April 24, 2017: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469738/herlyn-werner-wunderlich-syndrome-sonographic-and-magnetic-resonance-mr-imaging-findings-of-this-rare-urogenital-anomaly
#12
Sukriye Yilmaz, Adalet Elcin Yildiz, Suat Fitoz
BACKGROUND: Herlyn-Werner-Wunderlich syndrome is a rare congenital urogenital anomaly characterised by uterus didelphys with blind hemivagina and ipsilateral renal agenesis. Children usually have progressive pelvic pain after menarche, palpable mass due to hemihaemato(metro)colpos or pelvic inflammatory disease. The diagnosis usually requires a suspicion of this rare genitourinary syndrome. CASE REPORTS: We present ultrasonography and MR imaging findings of this rare anomaly in two cases...
2017: Polish Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466073/completely-isolated-retroperitoneal-enteric-duplication-cyst-with-adenocarcinoma-transformation-managed-with-robotic-radical-nephrectomy
#13
Kassem Faraj, Luke Edwards, Alia Gupta, Brian Seifman
Background: Enteric duplication cysts are congenital malformations that typically affect children in infancy, but can also affect adults. Rarely, these cysts can be complicated by malignancy. We present the first case of retroperitoneal duplication cyst that was complicated by malignancy transformation and managed by robot-assisted excision. Case presentation: A 64-year-old female with a history of a left-sided renal cyst presented with a 4-month history of abdominal pain and fatigue. MRI revealed a bilobed cyst, with components measuring 6...
2017: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28463460/contrast-induced-acute-kidney-injury-following-peripheral-angiography-with-carbon-dioxide-versus-iodinated-contrast-media-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-current-literature
#14
Saad S Ghumman, Jonathan Weinerman, Aazib Khan, Mubeen S Cheema, Marlene Garcia, Daniel Levin, Rajeev Suri, Anand Prasad
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a meta-analysis to compare the incidence of acute kidney injury (AKI) with carbon dioxide (CO2 ) versus iodinated contrast media (ICM). BACKGROUND: Contrast induced-acute kidney injury (CI-AKI) is a known complication following endovascular procedures with ICM. CO2 has been employed as an alternative imaging medium as it is nontoxic to the kidneys. METHODS: Search of indexed databases was performed and 1,732 references were retrieved...
May 2, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28461995/is-a-ureteral-stent-required-after-use-of-ureteral-access-sheath-in-presented-patients-who-undergo-flexible-ureteroscopy
#15
Gastón Astroza, Manuel Catalán, Lucas Consigliere, Tomás Selman, José Salvadó, Francisco Rubilar
INTRODUCTION: Use of a ureteral access sheath (UAS) within flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) for the management of kidney and ureteral stones has shown improvements in its effectiveness, but it is also associated with increased risk of ureteral injury. Use of ureteral stent (US) after fURS is recommended by some authors, because of its role in reducing postoperative pain and preventing complications. Our objective is to determine if postoperative stenting is necessary in pre-stented patients that underwent fURS using UAS...
2017: Central European Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458835/immediate-successful-renal-autotransplantation-after-proximal-ureteral-avulsion-fallowing-ureteroscopy-a-case-report
#16
Mansor Alizadeh, Rohollah Valizadeh, Mohsen Mohammad Rahimi
The patient was a 51-year-old lady with left flank colicky pain accompanied with nausea and vomiting for a month. Transurethral lithotripsy and ureteral stent placement was considered for the patient. The patient had a narrow ureteral lumen and while bringing the ureteroscope out, ureteral avulsion occurred at a distance approximately 4 cm from ureteropelvic junction. After bringing the uretroscope out, the avulsed ureter was observed hanging at the tip of the ureteroscope. Anastomosis of the ureter to the bladder was accomplished with Lich-Gregoir technique...
February 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451413/a-case-of-metastatic-xp11-2-translocation-renal-cell-carcinoma-successfully-managed-by-cytoreductive-nephrectomy-followed-by-axitinib-therapy
#17
Koichi Nishimura, Toshio Takagi, Naohiro Toda, Tomoko Yamamoto, Tsunenori Kondo, Hideki Ishida, Yoji Nagashima, Kazunari Tanabe
Targeted medications for metastatic adult Xp11.2 translocation renal cell carcinoma (RCC) remain to be identified. We herein report a case of metastatic Xp11.2 translocation RCC controlled with cytoreductive nephrectomy (CN) and axitinib therapy. A 57-year-old woman complained of fatigue and low back pain. Imaging studies revealed a right renal tumor, with multiple lung and mediastinal lymph node metastases. Although the patient received 10 mg axitinib therapy for 5 months at the hospital she was initially admitted to, the size of the primary and metastatic lesions was not reduced...
March 2017: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424736/a-case-of-xanthogranulomatous-pyelonephritis-associated-with-renoduodenal-fistula
#18
R Conor Holton-Burke, Mini Varughese
Xanthogranulomatous pyelonephritis (XGP) is a rare form of pyelonephritis associated with repeated infection, chronic inflammation, and obstruction. Various fistulas, including those to the intestine, are a known association with XGP. Here, a 55-year-old woman with a history of multiple previous renal calculi presented with dysuria and back pain. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed a soft tissue density in her renal pelvis and perirenal space consistent with XGP along with a tract connecting the upper pole of her right kidney to the second portion of the duodenum...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422842/the-role-of-renoscintigraphy-and-surgery-in-the-management-of-page-kidney-a-case-report
#19
Yu-Li Chiu, Chin Hu, Sin-Di Lee, Po-Yin Chen, Cheng-Pin Wang
RATIONALE: Page kidney is an uncommon condition that hypertension occurs secondary to microvascular ischemia and alternation of small-vessel hemodynamics due to external compression of renal parenchyma and activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. There are no specific guidelines for the management of Page kidney in the literatures. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 17-year-old teenager who had Fontan procedure for tricuspid and pulmonary atresia in early childhood suffered from sudden onset of severe left flank pain during cardiac catheterization procedure...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414680/a-rare-cause-of-abdominal-pain
#20
E M Dauchy, M Modica, N Masri
CASE: A 54 year old woman with hypothyroidism presented with right flank pain that began acutely one week prior to presentation. She was told initially she had a urinary tract infection and treatment resulted in mild symptomatic improvement. The pain returned and she presented to another Emergency Department (ED); and was told the pain was due to constipation. She returned to the ED the next day when her pain worsened and her labs were notable for WBC of 19,000/uL, BUN/Cr of 28/0.75 mg/dL, AST of 31 U/L, ALT of 92 U/L and total bilirubin of 0...
March 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
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