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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782951/clinical-consequences-of-toxic-envenomations-by-hymenoptera
#1
Justin O Schmidt
Many familiar Hymenoptera are brightly colored and can sting painfully-thus, their threat and clinical importance may be exaggerated. Most stinging insects only sting to defend themselves or their colonies from predators. The clinical nature of Hymenoptera envenomations contrasts that of other venomous animals, including other arthropods, primarily because allergic reaction, not direct intoxication, is the usual main concern. This review focuses mainly on the clinical features of direct toxicity to Hymenoptera envenomations, which can induce a high incidence of acute renal failure, liver failure, multiple organ failures, and death...
May 18, 2018: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780061/a-retroaortic-left-renal-vein-in-a-female-cadaver
#2
Yoshiko Fujishima, Koichi Watanabe, Yoko Tabira, Joe Iwanaga, Yui Odo, Tsuyoshi Saga, R Shane Tubbs, Koh-Ichi Yamaki
We encountered a case of retroaortic left renal vein (RLRV) during an anatomical dissection course at our medical school in 2017. The case was a female cadaver who was 88 years old at death. Six roots of the left renal vein (RV) arose from the hilus of the kidney and joined to form one left renal vein, crossed dorsal to the abdominal aorta (AA) at the level of the second lumbar vertebra, and then drained into the inferior vena cava (IVC). Two roots joined at the right renal hilus to become the right RV to then drain into the IVC at the level of the first lumbar vertebral body...
May 21, 2018: Kurume Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779678/spontaneous-perirenal-hemorrhage-wunderlich-syndrome-an-analysis-of-28-cases
#3
Jong Wook Kim, Jung Youn Kim, Sun Tae Ahn, Tae Yong Park, Mi Mi Oh, Du Geon Moon, Hong Seok Park
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to analyze the characteristics, etiology, and treatment of a series of patients with spontaneous perirenal hemorrhage (Wunderlich syndrome [WS]). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 26 patients hospitalized for WS in a tertiary urological center between 2011 and 2018. All patients were evaluated for perirenal hemorrhage observed on computed tomography (CT) in the emergency department. Clinical variables (age, underlying diseases, symptoms, shock, and hospitalization period), laboratory test results, and radiological and pathological results were reviewed...
April 21, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775449/-dodatkowa-t%C3%A4-tnica-nerkowa-przyczyn%C3%A4-skrajnego-wodonercza-u-5-letniego-ch%C3%A5-opca
#4
Grażyna Krzemień, Jarosław Sołtyski, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Stanisław Warchoł, Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Aleksandra Jakimów-Kostrzewa
Hydronephrosis in children is most often due to an intrinsic ureteropelvic junction obstruction or by compression on ureter by accessory renal artery coming from the aorta to the lower pole of the kidney. AIM: The aim of study was to present a case with a late onset of hydronephrosis caused by accessory renal artery. CASE REPORT: 5-year old boy with a mild pyelectasia during first 10 months of age was admitted to hospital because of abdominal pain and vomiting. Abdominal ultrasound revealed a marked dilatation of the right pelvicalyceal system with renal pelvis measuring 23 mm in anterior-posterior (ap) diameter, enlargement of calyces to 10 mm and narrowed cortex to 5 mm...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775448/pyonephrosis-as-the-first-symptom-of-congenital-hydronephrosis-in-a-6-year-old-girl
#5
Teresa Dudek-Warchoł, Stanisław Warchoł, Przemysław Bombiński, Krzysztof Toth, Agnieszka Szmigielska, Garżyna Krzemień
Pyonephrosis in the course of hydronephrosis usually provides to total or near-total loss of renal function. In adults pyonephrosis usually results from urolithiasis. In children usually congenital urinary tract anomalies are present as contributing factors. CASE REPORT: 6-year old girl was admitted to the hospital because of 2-day history of high fever, abdominal pain, progressive deterioration of general condition and ultrasonographically (US) detected left hydronephrosis. US on admission showed grossly dilated left renal collecting system together with extensive echogenic debris and laboratory tests highly elevated inflammatory markers...
April 23, 2018: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754159/deep-venous-thrombosis-in-a-child-with-inferior-vena-cava-and-renal-anomalies-kilt-syndrome
#6
Christy B Pomeranz, Danielle L Cullen, Richard D Bellah
Kidney and inferior vena cava abnormalities with leg thrombosis is a newly described entity in the literature termed KILT (kidney and inferior vena cava (IVC) abnormalities with leg thrombosis) syndrome. We present a case of newly diagnosed KILT syndrome in an 11-year-old girl presenting with pain and problems with ambulation. We also review the few cases of KILT syndrome previously reported in the literature.
May 12, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751751/primary-synovial-sarcoma-of-the-kidney-a-case-report-of-complete-pathological-response-at-a-lebanese-tertiary-care-center
#7
Alissar El Chediak, Deborah Mukherji, Sally Temraz, Samer Nassif, Sara Sinno, Rami Mahfouz, Ali Shamseddine
BACKGROUND: Primary synovial sarcoma of the kidney is a rare type of soft tissue sarcoma. Its presenting features can resemble those of other renal tumors; rendering its early diagnosis, a dilemma. Several cases of renal synovial sarcoma have been reported in the literature with varying treatment options and outcomes. This article describes a rare case of primary renal synovial sarcoma and reviews all cases in the literature. CASE PRESENTATION: A 26-year-old male presented with flank pain and hematuria...
May 11, 2018: BMC Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743334/randomised-controlled-trial-of-high-versus-ad-libitum-water-intake-in-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease-rationale-and-design-of-the-drink-feasibility-trial
#8
Ragada El-Damanawi, Michael Lee, Tess Harris, Laura B Mader, Simon Bond, Holly Pavey, Richard N Sandford, Ian B Wilkinson, Alison Burrows, Przemyslaw Woznowski, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Fiona E Karet Frankl, Thomas F Hiemstra
INTRODUCTION: Vasopressin stimulates cyst growth in autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) leading to enlarged kidneys, hypertension and renal failure. Vasopressin receptor blockade slows disease progression. Physiological suppression of vasopressin secretion through high water (HW) intake could achieve a similar effect, necessitating a definitive large-scale trial of HW intake in ADPKD. The objective of the DRINK trial is to answer the key design and feasibility questions required to deliver a successful definitive water intake trial...
May 9, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739453/spontaneous-renal-hemorrhage-secondary-to-choriocarcinoma-in-a-man-with-congenital-hypospadias-and-cryptorchidism-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#9
Yi Li, Gang Chen, Han Chen, Shuang Wen, Chao-Yu Xiong, Zi-Yi Yang, Yun-Xiao Zhu, Nathan Jeffreys
BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinoma is a rare malignant germ-cell tumour, most commonly found in adult women. It infrequently presents as spontaneous renal haemorrhage (SRH). Genital malformation and SRH secondary to choriocarcinoma has previously been only reported in females. We present what we believe to be the first case of a male patient with genital malformation (hypospadias and cryptorchidism) and SRH at presentation of choriocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 25-year-old man presented to the department with intense pain in the right flank region and lower back...
May 8, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733801/evaluation-of-renal-tumors-in-children
#10
Gülçin Bozlu, Elvan Çağlar Çıtak
OBJECTIVE: Renal tumors are not uncommon in children. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical and pathological features of renal tumors in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2017, the records of children with renal tumors in our institution were retrospectively analyzed. Data collected were composed of demographic and clinical characteristics including gender, age at time of diagnosis, symptoms, laterality of the tumor and pathological evaluation...
May 2018: Turkish Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29732138/a-rare-presentation-of-acute-appendicitis-in-right-upper-quadrant-caused-by-renal-agenesis
#11
Han N Beh, Yuni F Ongso
Diagnosing acute abdominal pain will always be a challenging task, patients frequently present with atypical symptoms. It is crucial for a clinician to have good differential diagnosis to avoid delay in diagnosis and treatment. We present 37-year-old male who presented to emergency department with 2 days of abdominal pain. The pain started centrally around his umbilicus and localized to his right upper quadrant (RUQ). Clinical examination showed he has localized peritonitism on the RUQ hence he was further investigated with CT abdomen...
April 2018: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701413/true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-in-a-patient-with-vascular-access-for-haemodialysis-and-kidney-graft
#12
Mafalda Correia, André Marinho, Carolina Mendes, Luís Antunes, Óscar Gonçalves
INTRODUCTION: True brachial artery aneurysms are rare and some of them have been described as a late complication in patients with vascular access for haemodialysis and kidney graft. The purpose of this paper is to present a clinical case of a patient with a true brachial artery aneurysm and its following treatment. METHODS: This case concerns a caucasian male patient with 43 years old who had vesicoureteral reflux at 7 years old, and subsequent end-stage renal disease, and started on haemodialysis at the age of twelve...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701411/true-brachial-artery-aneurysm-after-arteriovenous-fistula-for-hemodialysis-case-report
#13
Tiago Soares, Ricardo Castro-Ferreira, João Rocha Neves, Marina Neto, Joel Sousa, José Pedro Pinto, Luis Gamas, Alfredo Cerqueira, Sérgio Sampaio, José Fernando Teixeira
INTRODUCTION: Brachial artery aneurysms are relatively uncommon and generally due to infectious, post-traumatic or iatrogenic etiology. They seem to affect 4.5% of arteriovenous fistula. The usual manifestation is an accidental finding of a pulsatile, painless, and asymptomatic mass. Complications include sac thrombosis, thromboembolic ischaemic events, and disruption with profuse bleeding. METHODS: The aim of this study is to present a case of true brachial artery aneurysm in end-stage renal disease patient after arteriovenous fistula creation...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697866/etiologies-and-predictors-of-30-day-readmissions-in-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-mechanical-circulatory-support-assisted-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-the-united-states-insights-from-the-nationwide-readmissions-database
#14
Chirag Bavishi, Alejandro Lemor, Vrinda Trivedi, Saurav Chatterjee, Pedro Moreno, John Lasala, Herbert D Aronow, J Dawn Abbott
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing percutaneous mechanical circulatory support (pMCS)-assisted percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) represent a high-risk group vulnerable to complications and readmissions. HYPOTHESIS: Thirty-day readmissions after pMCS-assisted PCI are common among patients with comorbidities and account for a significant amount of healthcare spending. METHODS: Patients undergoing PCI and pMCS (Impella, TandemHeart, or intra-aortic balloon pump) for any indication between January 1, 2012, and November 30, 2014, were selected from the Nationwide Readmissions Database...
April 26, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697354/comparison-between-bipolar-lymphatic-vessels-cautery-and-suture-ligature-in-prevention-of-postrenal-transplant-lymphocele-formation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Nasser Simforoosh, Ali Tabibi, Hamed Mohseni Rad, Hamid Reza Gholamrezaie
OBJECTIVES: In this randomized controlled trial, our aim was to compare bipolar cautery of lymphatic vessels with standard silk-tie ligation in renal transplant procedures for prevention of lymphocele formation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty end-stage renal disease patients were enrolled in a prospective randomized controlled trial. The mean age of recipients in the suture ligature group was 41.6 years (range, 6-65 years) and 40.9 years in the bipolar cautery group...
April 26, 2018: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695573/fat-forming-solitary-fibrous-tumor-of-the-kidney-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#16
Nicolae Bacalbasa, Irina Balescu, George Jinescu, Madalina Marcu, Andreea Contolenco, Doina Pop, Dragos Dobritoiu, Olivia Ionescu, Paris Ionescu, Claudia Stoica
Fat-forming solitary fibrous tumors arising from the kidney are extremely rare, with only few cases reported so far. We report the case of a 49-year-old patient investigated for lumbar pain and diagnosed preoperatively with a large retroperitoneal tumor destroying the right kidney. The patient was submitted to surgery, the tumor being resected en bloc with right nephrectomy. The histopathological studies demonstrated the presence of a hemangiopericytoma-like tumor with adipocytary component; the immunohistochemical studies demonstrated the presence of cluster of differentiation 34 (CD34), while human melanoma black (HMB45) staining was negative...
May 2018: In Vivo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693458/segmental-ureterectomy-is-acceptable-for-high-risk-ureteral-carcinoma-comparing-to-radical-nephroureterectomy
#17
Zixiong Huang, Xiaowei Zhang, Xiaopeng Zhang, Qing Li, Shijun Liu, Luping Yu, Tao Xu
PURPOSE: To determine if segmental ureterectomy (SU) could be chosen for wider oncological indications than low-risk ureteral carcinoma, given the difficulties in accurate preoperative risk stratification determination and kidney-sparing needs for successive therapy. METHODS: Data from ureteral carcinoma patients who underwent open SU or laparoscopic radical nephroureterectomy (RNU) between 2011 and 2016 were retrospectively reviewed. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox regression model with patients' baseline characteristics (age, bladder cancer history, hydronephrosis), procedure type, and tumor characteristics (site, size, pathological features) as covariates were used to evaluate oncological outcomes...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29690967/clinical-profile-and-outcome-of-paraphenylene-diamine-poisoning
#18
Salma Tanweer, Mehwish Saeed, Saira Zaidi, Wasif Aslam
OBJECTIVE: To determine the clinical presentation, complications, and outcome of paraphenylene diamine (PPD) poisoning in patients presenting to Nishtar Hospital, Multan. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Medical Unit II and III, Nishtar Hospital, Multan, from April 2015 to September 2016. METHODOLOGY: All adult patients admitted with history of paraphenylene diamine ingestion were evaluated for clinical features, complications, and outcomes on a pre-designed proforma...
May 2018: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686177/bilateral-giant-renal-angiomyolipoma-in-a-patient-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-a-case-report
#19
Andika Afriansyah, Abdul M Yusuf, Harry Nusaly
Tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC) has several renal manifestations including angiomyolipomas (AML) and renal epithelial neoplasms. A bilateral giant renal AML is extremely rare. We report a case of giant bilateral AML and discuss the diagnosis and treatment of it. The 22-year-old man was admitted due to bilateral flank pain, gross hematuria, and abdominal fullness. He had history of epilepsy, mental retardation, and delayed development during childhood. He had angiofibroma on his face since 10 years ago. Abdominal CT and MRI revealed large lobulated heterogeneous mass with fatty content...
January 2018: Acta Medica Indonesiana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682611/unilateral-renal-tumor-cryoablation-and-contralateral-radical-nephrectomy-of-bilateral-renal-tumors-by-transumbilical-3d-multichannel-laparoendoscopic-single-site-surgery
#20
Guopeng Yu, Ke Zhang, Wenzhi Li, Long Li, Yanliang Zhao, Yiwei Wang, Mingxi Xu, Jun Da, Guoqin Dong, Zhong Wang, Bin Xu
Background: Unilateral renal tumor cryoablation and contralateral radical nephrectomy of bilateral renal tumors were performed by transumbilical three-dimensional (3D) multichannel laparoendoscopic single-site (LESS) surgery, in an attempt to verify the feasibility and safety of the procedure, sum up the operational experience, and evaluate the surgical outcome. Case Presentation: This was a 47-year-old female patient with a body mass index of 27.34 kg/m2 without backache, low back pain, hematuria, urinary urgency, frequent urination, dysuria, and other symptoms...
2018: Journal of Endourology Case Reports
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