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Leandro Girardi Shimba, Gabriel Carmona Latorre, Alberto de Castro Pochini, Diego Costa Astur, Carlos Vicente Andreoli
Muscle injury is the most common injury during sport practice. It represents 31% of all lesions in soccer, 16% in track and field, 10.4% in rugby, 17.7% in basketball, and between 22% and 46% in American football. The cicatrization with the formation of fibrotic tissue can compromise the muscle function, resulting in a challenging problem for orthopedics. Although conservative treatment presents adequate functional results in the majority of the athletes who have muscle injury, the consequences of treatment failure can be dramatic, possibly compromising the return to sport practice...
November 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia
Kazuaki Tanaka, Akira Hashimoto, Misato Matsumura, Toyozo Sato
A new genus, Brevicollum, is established for two new species, B. hyalosporum on Syzygium samarangense and B. versicolor on Volkameria inermis, in Japan. This genus is characterized by the presence of immersed ascomata with an excentric to central, short cylindrical ostiolar neck, thin ascomatal wall, clavate asci with a shallow ocular chamber, and broadly fusiform, hyaline to pale brown ascospores with a sheath. Molecular phylogenetic analyses based on a combined data set of sequences of 18S and 28S nuc rDNA genes and the second largest subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2) revealed that Brevicollum is a member of Neohendersoniaceae (Pleosporales, Dothideomycetes)...
July 2017: Mycologia
Corstiaan A den Uil, Mihai Strachinaru, Ben van der Hoven, J Han J Meeder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Echo Research and Practice
P V Glybochko, Yu G Alyaev, E V Shpot', A M Pshi-Khachev, K M Mosyakova, A S Nikolaeva
There are numerous options for forming an orthotopic bladder by the source tissue and the shape of the urinary reservoir. In our practice, we use the technique reported by Karolinska Institute (Sweden). This technique allows us to form a neobladder most resembling the natural urinary bladder in the shape and volume. The article presents a clinical observation describing this technique in a 63 year old patient who was initially diagnosed with bladder cancer pT2N0M0G3 and underwent transurethral resection of the bladder wall with the tumor...
July 2017: Urologii︠a︡
T Langlais, J-C Leonard, C Ursu, C Morin
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) is classified into hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy and can induce severe neuro-orthopaedics deformities, disabling at an early age. Hip dysplasia is present in 6% of CMT patients affecting preferentially CMT1 patients and can appear from the age of 8 years. The pathophysiological is paradoxical because we are confronted with proximal osteoarthritis deformations but genetics research brings use new trail. The main functional complaint is a hip joint pain during walking...
June 5, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Stefanie Reich-Schupke, Kerstin Protz, Joachim Dissemond, Eberhard Rabe
Patients with peripheral arterial occlusive disease who show an ankle arterial pressure of minimum 60 mmHg can be decongested by use of special padded bandages. Afterwards, medical compression stockings (class 1) with high strength and less elasticity are recommended. Mobile patients seem to benefit from progressive compression therapy with highest pressure above the calf. Compression after uncomplicated interventions of varicose veins or spider veins tends to be modified to a short and excentric compression in patients without risk factors...
May 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Piotr M Kasprzak, Reinhard Kobuch, Christof Schmid, Reinhard Kopp
We report successful endovascular repair of a 61-year-old man treated for a 7.1-cm excentric aortic arch aneurysm by in situ stent graft fenestration for the brachiocephalic trunk and the left common carotid artery. Cerebral perfusion during the intervention was maintained by pump-driven extracorporal bypass to the right common carotid artery and to the left axillary artery provided with a left carotid-subclavian bypass. After 5 years of follow-up, the aortic arch in situ revascularization is still patent, the aneurysm excluded, and no endoleak detectable, although endovascular reintervention with distal aortic stent graft extension due to dilatation of the descending aorta was required...
February 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
Michael Strupp, Marianne Dieterich, Thomas Brandt, Katharina Feil
Neurovascular compression syndromes are characterized by recurrent attacks of neurological symptoms and clinical signs depending on the cranial nerve affected. It is assumed that pulsatile compression of the nerve is caused mainly by an artery. The result is segmental demyelination of the transition zone or the central part of the cranial nerve, which is covered by oligodendrocytes, and subsequent ephaptic axonal transmission. Compression of the vestibular nerve can cause attacks of spinning or non-spinning vertigo: vestibular paroxysmia...
July 2016: Current Treatment Options in Neurology
I Bachmeier, H Helbig, R Greslechner
BACKGROUND: Solar retinopathy refers to damage to the central macula caused by exposure to intense solar radiation, most frequently observed after a solar eclipse. OBJECTIVE: Description of the morphological changes in spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and the clinical course in patients with acute solar retinopathy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included a retrospective analysis of 12 eyes from 7 patients with solar retinopathy after the partial solar eclipse on 20 March 2015...
January 2017: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
Mustafa Khasraw, Adrian Lee, Sally McCowatt, Zoltan Kerestes, Marc E Buyse, Michael Back, Ganessan Kichenadasse, Stephen Ackland, Helen Wheeler
Newly diagnosed glioblastoma multiforme with unmethylated MGMT promoter has a poor prognosis, with a median survival of 12 months. This phase II study investigated the efficacy and safety of combining the selective integrin inhibitor cilengitide with a combination of metronomic temozolomide and procarbazine for these patients. Eligible patients (newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed supratentorial glioblastoma with unmethylated MGMT promoter) were entered into this multicentre study. Cilengitide (2000 mg IV twice weekly) was commenced 1 week prior to radiotherapy combined with daily temozolomide (60 mg/m(2)) and procarbazine (50 or 100 mg) and, after 4 weeks' break, followed by six adjuvant cycles of temozolomide (50-60 mg/m(2)) and procarbazine (50 or 100 mg) on days 1-20, every 28 days...
May 2016: Journal of Neuro-oncology
X Roussignol
Arthroscopy has become indispensable for performing tibiotalar and subtalar arthrodesis. Now in 2015, it is the gold-standard surgical technique, and open surgery is reserved only for cases in which arthroscopy is contraindicated: material ablation after consolidation failure, osteophytes precluding a work chamber, excentric talus, severe malunion, bone defect requiring grafting, associated midfoot deformity, etc. The first reports of arthroscopic tibiotalar and subtalar arthrodesis date from the early 1990s...
February 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Jo Van Dorpe, Anne Hoorens, Nadine Van Roy, Franceska Dedeurwaerdere, David Creytens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: Histopathology
Michel Francklyn Mitsomoy, Valerica Alexoiu, Matthias Kirsch
TWe present the case of a 64 years old male patient who had recently suffered an infective aortic valve endocarditis (Streptococcus agalactiae) complicated by embolic arthritis of the right hip. Initial echocardiography revealed moderate aortic insufficiency developed on a tricuspid aortic valve with a small vegetation (5 mm × 4 mm) on the left coronary cusp. Furthermore, an aneurysmal dilatation of the ascending aorta (maximal diameter, 54 mm) was noted. Other heart valves and left ventricular function were considered normal...
2015: Journal of Cardiovascular and Thoracic Research
E Mascard, A Gomez-Brouchet, K Lambot
Simple and aneurysmal bone cysts are benign lytic bone lesions, usually encountered in children and adolescents. Simple bone cyst is a cystic, fluid-filled lesion, which may be unicameral (UBC) or partially separated. UBC can involve all bones, but usually the long bone metaphysis and otherwise primarily the proximal humerus and proximal femur. The classic aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) is an expansive and hemorrhagic tumor, usually showing characteristic translocation. About 30% of ABCs are secondary, without translocation; they occur in reaction to another, usually benign, bone lesion...
February 2015: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
V I Hutsuliak
In Autodesk Inventor 11 program, using method of end-capping elements, a three- dimensional computeric modelling of biomechanical systems of two models was conducted: I - "tibia - Ilizarov's apparatus with concentric location of supports"; II - "tibia - Ilizarov's apparatus with excentric location of supports". The loading, which was applied towards distal fragment in 6 standard degrees of freedom, was modelled for studying of the fixation rigidity of tibial fragments in these systems. Determination of the loading value in various directions, in which the fragment have had shifted by 1 mm, have constituted the main task of the investigation...
September 2014: Klinichna Khirurhiia
A L Baray, R Philippot, F Farizon, B Boyer, P Edouard
INTRODUCTION: Hemi-Castaing ligamentoplasty is a treatment for chronic ankle instability, accused of weakening a powerful stabilizing muscle: the peroneus brevis. OBJECTIVES: To assess proprioceptive and muscular impairment following hemi-Castaing and impact on postural control. METHODOLOGY: A retrospective series of 21 patients underwent clinical (Karlsson, AOFAS) and proprioceptive assessment with isokinetic assessment (evertors and invertors) on a Con-Trex dynamometer and postural assessment on a Win-Posturo force platform, at a minimum 6 months postsurgery...
October 2014: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
H Tegetmeyer
UNLABELLED: The goal of treatment for nystagmus is to reduce or to abolish the typical symptoms associated with nystagmus. These are (i) reduction of visual acuity (and amblyopia in infantile nystagmus), (ii) abnormal head posture (with possible secondary changes of cervical spine) and (iii) oscillopsia (often connected with vertigo and disorders of gait and orientation). Treatment strategies include pharmacological treatment, surgical therapy and optical devices. Choice of treatment depends on the type of nystagmus and its characteristics...
February 2015: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
Annette Franziska Luithardt, Christoph Meisner, Matthias Monhart, Elke Krapp, Andrea Mast, Ulrich Schiefer
AIMS: To validate the EyeSuite version of German Adaptive Threshold Estimation (GATE), a new thresholding algorithm for automated static perimetry. METHODS: Specification of agreement and its clinical evaluation as validation criteria. Comparison of local differential luminance sensitivity (DLS) and test time values between the prototype version of GATE (GATEp) and a clinical trial version, implemented in EyeSuite (GATEe), by means of modified Bland-Altman plots...
January 2015: British Journal of Ophthalmology
Laura Bredow, Johannes Schwartzkopff, Thomas Reinhard
PURPOSE: Little is known about the behavior of the endothelial cell (EC) layer following keratoplasty. In vitro experiments suggested that the peripheral endothelium might have a higher regenerative capacity than the central endothelium, and some authors hypothesized that endothelial progenitor cells are present in the limbal area. Thus, we analyzed the corneal endothelial regenerative capacity in vivo in a rat model of bullous keratopathy using either bullous central grafts or bullous peripheral recipient corneas to analyze differences in EC regeneration depending on central versus peripheral cell origin...
2014: Molecular Vision
C Ayer-Lelievre, D Dahl, H Björklund, A Seiger
Immunoreactivity to neurofilament (NF) antiserum appears early in the development of both the central and peripheral nervous systems of the rat fetus. In 10 somite embryos, positive cell bodies are present in the ventromedial part of anterior rhombencephalic and mesencephalic neural tube. From there the appearance of immunoreactivity spreads cranially to the prosencephalic anlage before closure of the anterior neuropore and caudally following the sequence of neural tube closure. Immunoreactivity increases rapidly in axon bundles of central and peripheral systems, but in immature cell bodies of sensory ganglia the NF material only forms a ring around the nucleus...
1985: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
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