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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229361/a-literature-review-on-maternal-fetal-and-reproductive-disorders-of-toxoplasma-gondii-infection
#1
REVIEW
Shirzad Fallahi, Ali Rostami, Malihe Nourollahpour Shiadeh, Hamed Behniafar, Shahrokh Paktinat
BACKGROUND: Toxoplasma gondii infection is one of the most prevalent infectious disease with worldwide distribution. Congenital toxoplasmosis is annually responsible for 1.20 million disability-adjusted life years around the world, but often it is overlooked many countries. METHODS: We performed an updated review to summarize the current researches on fetal, neonatal and maternal consequences of T. gondii infection and also adverse effects of toxoplasmosis on women reproductive organs...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225525/depression-and-epilepsy-we-are-no-longer-one-direction
#2
COMMENT
Jay Salpekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Epilepsy Currents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220065/clinical-profile-of-patients-with-psychogenic-non-epileptic-seizures-in-puerto-rico
#3
Joashlie M Méndez-Ruiz, Alfonso Martínez-Taboas, Yeira M Valdez-Pimentel, Miguel Torres-Narváez, Marianette Colón-Laboy, Gisela G Jiménez-Colón, José Rodríguez-Gómez, Christian J González-Jiménez
OBJECTIVE: Specialized epilepsy clinics receive many cases (20%-30% of total cases) in which the patients are diagnosed with psychogenic non-epileptic seizures (PNES). In Puerto Rico, there has been a lack of research on and data about patients with PNES. This study examined the clinical profile of 34 patients with a confirmed diagnosis of PNES. METHODS: A secondary analysis of 34 clinical records of patients with PNES was conducted. The resulting profile was based on clinical interviews, the behavioral presentation of seizures, the history of traumatic experiences or abuse, and the relationship between PNES events and life stressors...
December 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217174/n-propyl-2-2-diphenyl-2-hydroxyacetamide-a-novel-%C3%AE-hydroxyamide-with-anticonvulsant-anxiolytic-and-antidepressant-like-effects-that-inhibits-voltage-gated-sodium-channels
#4
Valentina Pastore, Cristina Wasowski, Pedro Martin, Andrea Enrique, Josefina Higgs, Luis E Bruno-Blanch, Veronica Milesi, Mariel Marder
In patients with epilepsy, anxiety and depression are the most frequent psychiatric comorbidities but they often remain unrecognized and untreated. We report herein the antidepressant-like activity in two animal models, tail suspension and forced swimming tests, of six anticonvulsants α-hydroxyamides. From these, N-propyl-2,2-diphenyl-2-hydroxyacetamide (compound 5) emerged not only as the most active as anticonvulsant (ED50= 2.5mg/kg, MES test), but it showed the most remarkable antidepressant-like effect in the tail suspension and forced swimming tests (0...
December 4, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215804/cognitive-function-and-neuropsychological-comorbidities-in-children-with-newly-diagnosed-idiopathic-epilepsy
#5
Seung Yun Lee, Jang Ho Park, Sin Jae Park, Yangho Kim, Kyung Yeon Lee
BACKGROUND: In this study, we aimed to identify cognitive function and neuropsychological comorbidities in children with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 97 antiepileptic drug-naïve children (9.7 ± 2.9 years; 54 males and 43 females) with newly diagnosed idiopathic epilepsy, all of whom underwent a neuropsychological battery. The battery consisted of the Korean Wechsler Intelligence Scale, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) Rating Scale, ADHD Diagnostic System, Children's Depression Inventory, and State-Trait Anxiety Inventory for Children...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Korean Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204183/evaluation-of-outcomes-for-psychosis-and-epilepsy-treatment-delivered-by-primary-health-care-workers-in-nepal-a-cohort-study
#6
M J D Jordans, L Aldridge, N P Luitel, F Baingana, B A Kohrt
Background: Most evaluations of task-shifting have focused on common mental disorders. Much less work has been done on severe mental neurological and substance use (MNS) disorders, such as chronic psychosis and epilepsy. Given the high burden associated with severe MNS and the lack of mental health professionals in low and middle income countries, evaluations on the impact of task-shifting for these disorders are important. Methods: In a rural district of Nepal, a community mental health program, based on World Health Organization's Mental Health Gap Action Programme guidelines, was evaluated using a cohort study design...
2017: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203753/-definition-and-treatment-of-stroke-over-the-centuries
#7
Anna Starostka-Tatar, Beata Łabuz-Roszak, Michał Skrzypek, Mariusz Gąsior, Marek Gierlotka
Stroke was already diagnosed in the ancient times. For hundreds of years the treatment of this disease has changed radically. According to the current WHO definition, stroke is a clinical syndrome caused by focal or generalized brain injury that lasts more than 24 hours or leads to death and has no other cause than vascular. Stroke constitutes a big social and economic problem, as it can lead to death or disability. In the highly developed countries stroke is the third most common cause of adult deaths, the second leading cause of dementia, and the most common cause of disability...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29194113/anger-assessment-in-patients-treated-with-brivaracetam
#8
Gemma Ortega, Laura Abraira, Glòria Martí, Manuel Quintana, Gonzalo Mazuela, Estevo Santamarina, Xavier Salas-Puig, Manuel Toledo
OBJECTIVES: To assess state and trait anger, adjusted by epilepsy type, seizure control, anxiety-depression status and quality of life, in patients treated with brivaracetam (BRV) from an open study. METHODS: We evaluated prospectively consecutive patients with partial onset seizures in an open-label study. Patients had 5 years or longer of epilepsy and were taking between 1 and 3 antiepileptic drugs. They were treated with BRV and compared with a control group selected from outpatients attending our epilepsy unit who met the following criteria: age ≥16 years and diagnosis of epilepsy with focal-onset seizures at least 1 year before inclusion in the study...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187863/smooth-an-hnrnp-l-homolog-might-decrease-mitochondrial-metabolism-by-post-transcriptional-regulation-of-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-idh-and-other-metabolic-genes-in-the-sub-acute-phase-of-traumatic-brain-injury
#9
Arko Sen, Katherine Gurdziel, Jenney Liu, Wen Qu, Oluwademi O Nuga, Rayanne B Burl, Maik Hüttemann, Roger Pique-Regi, Douglas M Ruden
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can cause persistent pathological alteration of neurons. This may lead to cognitive dysfunction, depression and increased susceptibility to life threatening diseases, such as epilepsy and Alzheimer's disease. To investigate the underlying genetic and molecular basis of TBI, we subjected w1118Drosophila melanogaster to mild closed head trauma and found that mitochondrial activity is reduced in the brains of these flies 24 h after inflicting trauma. To determine the transcriptomic changes after mild TBI, we collected fly heads 24 h after inflicting trauma, and performed RNA-seq analyses...
2017: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186699/seizure-induced-activation-of-the-hpa-axis-increases-seizure-frequency-and-comorbid-depression-like-behaviors
#10
Andrew Hooper, Rumzah Paracha, Jamie Maguire
Our laboratory recently demonstrated that seizures activate the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis, increasing circulating levels of corticosterone (O'Toole et al., 2013). Given the well-established proconvulsant actions of corticosterone, we hypothesized that seizure-induced activation of the HPA axis may contribute to future seizure susceptibility. Further, since hypercortisolism is associated with depression, we propose that seizure-induced activation of the HPA axis may contribute to comorbid depression and epilepsy...
November 26, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185556/online-tools-for-individuals-with-depression-and-neurologic-conditions-a-scoping-review
#11
REVIEW
Sara Lukmanji, Tram Pham, Laura Blaikie, Callie Clark, Nathalie Jetté, Samuel Wiebe, Andrew Bulloch, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc, Sophia Macrodimitris, Aaron Mackie, Scott B Patten
Background: Patients with neurologic conditions commonly have depression. Online tools have the potential to improve outcomes in these patients in an efficient and accessible manner. We aimed to identify evidence-informed online tools for patients with comorbid neurologic conditions and depression. Methods: A scoping review of online tools (free, publicly available, and not requiring a facilitator) for patients with depression and epilepsy, Parkinson disease (PD), multiple sclerosis (MS), traumatic brain injury (TBI), or migraine was conducted...
August 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185533/depression-in-epilepsy-migraine-and-multiple-sclerosis-epidemiology-and-how-to-screen-for-it
#12
REVIEW
Nathalie Jetté, Farnaz Amoozegar, Scott B Patten
Purpose of review: To provide an overview of the epidemiology of depression in chronic neurologic conditions that can affect individuals throughout the lifespan (epilepsy, migraine, multiple sclerosis [MS]) and examine depression screening tools for adults with these conditions. Recent findings: Depression is common in neurologic conditions and can be associated with lower quality of life, higher health resource utilization, and poor adherence to treatment. It affects around 20%-30% of those with epilepsy, migraine, and MS, and evidence for a bidirectional association exists for each of these conditions...
April 2017: Neurology. Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183659/are-there-gender-differences-in-those-diagnosed-with-psychogenic-nonepileptic-seizures
#13
Lorna Myers, Robert Trobliger, Kirsty Bortnik, Marcelo Lancman
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether male and female populations of patients with psychogenic nonepileptic seizures (PNES) differ, in terms of demographic, social/clinical, and etiological factors as well as psychological measures. BACKGROUND: Psychogenic nonepileptic seizures are overrepresented by females; therefore, information about PNES in males is limited. Only a handful of studies have examined PNES and gender, and of those, one was a literature review and with the exception of two, most have had small sample sizes...
November 25, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181088/improving-detection-of-mental-health-problems-in-community-settings-in-nepal-development-and-pilot-testing-of-the-community-informant-detection-tool
#14
Prasansa Subba, Nagendra P Luitel, Brandon A Kohrt, Mark J D Jordans
Background: Despite increasing efforts to expand availability of mental health services throughout the world, there continues to be limited utilization of these services by persons with mental illness and their families. Community-based detection that facilitates identification and referral of people with mental health problems has been advocated as an effective strategy to increase help-seeking and service utilization. The Community Informant Detection Tool (CIDT) was developed for the community informants to identify people with depression, psychosis, alcohol use problems, epilepsy, and child behavioral problems in community settings...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179104/who-are-the-individuals-diagnosed-with-epilepsy-using-the-public-health-system-in-the-city-of-pelotas-southern-brazil
#15
César Augusto Häfele, Matheus Pintanel Freitas, Bianca Lamas Gervini, Raquel Machado de Carvalho, Airton José Rombaldi
The aim of this study was to describe sociodemographic, clinical, behavioral, nutritional, and health-related variables from people with epilepsy. A descriptive observational study was carried out in the city of Pelotas, southern Brazil. Sociodemographic, clinical, behavioral, nutritional, and health-related variables were collected. A univariate analysis was performed, calculating the measures of central tendency for continuous variables and proportions for categorical ones. The sample consisted of 101 people, age ranging from 12 to 75years, mostly male (50...
November 24, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169028/relationships-of-depression-and-anxiety-symptoms-with-seizure-frequency-results-from-a-multicenter-follow-up-study
#16
Lorenz B Dehn, Margarete Pfäfflin, Sabine Brückner, Martin T Lutz, Bernhard J Steinhoff, Thomas Mayer, Christian G Bien, Fridtjof W Nussbeck, Theodor W May
PURPOSE: Depressive and anxiety disorders are frequent among people with epilepsies. There are, however, only few longitudinal studies, which examine the relationship between these comorbid psychiatric disorders and epilepsy-related variables. Thus, we investigated the interrelationships of depression and anxiety symptoms with seizure frequency across time. METHODS: Before admittance to an epilepsy center (T1) and six months after discharge (T2), patients (n=198) with mainly difficult-to-treat epilepsies completed the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
November 13, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163522/the-vagus-nerve-in-the-neuro-immune-axis-implications-in-the-pathology-of-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#17
REVIEW
Bruno Bonaz, Valérie Sinniger, Sonia Pellissier
The vagus nerve (VN) is the longest nerve of the organism and a major component of the parasympathetic nervous system which constitutes the autonomic nervous system (ANS), with the sympathetic nervous system. There is classically an equilibrium between the sympathetic and parasympathetic nervous systems which is responsible for the maintenance of homeostasis. An imbalance of the ANS is observed in various pathologic conditions. The VN, a mixed nerve with 4/5 afferent and 1/5 efferent fibers, is a key component of the neuro-immune and brain-gut axes through a bidirectional communication between the brain and the gastrointestinal (GI) tract...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161968/assessment-of-depression-in-epilepsy-the-utility-of-common-and-disease-specific-self-report-depression-measures
#18
Lauren B Strober, Jessica Chapin, Angela Spirou, George Tesar, Adele Viguera, Imad Najm, Robyn M Busch
OBJECTIVES: Depression is common in epilepsy, with rates ranging from 20 to 55% in most samples and reports as high as 70% in patients with intractable epilepsy. However, some contend that depression may be over- and/or under-reported and treated in this population. This may be due to the use of common self-report depression measures that fail to take into account the overlap of disease and depressive symptoms and also the host of side effects associated with antiepileptic medication, which may also be construed as depression...
November 22, 2017: Clinical Neuropsychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161628/stigma-accounts-for-depression-in-patients-with-epilepsy
#19
Zerrin Yıldırım, Devrimsel Harika Ertem, Ayten Ceyhan Dirican, Sevim Baybaş
OBJECTIVE: Epilepsy is a chronic disease with an increased risk of stigmatization due to psychosocial consequences of the seizures. Intuitively, one may well conclude that stigmatization would lead to depression in patients with epilepsy as well as in other patient groups with increased risk of stigmatization. Indeed, there are a few studies in support of this intuition. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between level of stigmatization and the severity of the depressive symptoms in our patients with epilepsy...
November 18, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152443/psychiatric-comorbidities-and-outcomes-in-epilepsy-patients-an-insight-from-a-nationwide-inpatient-analysis-in-the-united-states
#20
Rikinkumar S Patel, Ahmed Elmaadawi, Zeeshan Mansuri, Mandeep Kaur, Kaushal Shah, Suhayl Nasr
Background Psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy impose significant burdens on patients and their families. It affects their quality of life and medical care and results in cost increases. This study reports the impact of various psychiatric comorbidities in epilepsy patients regarding hospital outcomes and in-hospital mortality. Methods We used the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) from years 2013-2014. We identified epilepsy as the primary diagnosis and psychiatric comorbidities, namely, alcohol abuse, depression, drug abuse, and psychosis, using validated International Classification of Diseases, 9th Revision, Clinical Modification (ICD--9--CM) codes...
September 14, 2017: Curēus
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