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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349580/perianesthetic-management-of-laparoscopic-kidney-surgery
#1
REVIEW
Georges Nasrallah, Fouad G Souki
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Laparoscopic kidney surgery is commonly used for living donor, partial, and total tumor nephrectomy. The successful emergence of laparoscopic technique was justified by the many benefits offered such as reduced blood loss, tissue trauma, pain, and hospital stay. However, this comes at the expense of physiologic changes and complications secondary to pneumoperitoneum, surgical technique, and patient positioning with significant challenges in anesthetic management. RECENT FINDINGS: A variety of laparoscopic approaches (transperitoneal, retroperitoneal, hand-assisted, robotic) are used with some having advantages over others...
January 18, 2018: Current Urology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349378/hand-arm-vibration-syndrome-a-rarely-seen-diagnosis
#2
Rebecca A Campbell, Matthew R Janko, Robert I Hacker
Hand-arm vibration syndrome (HAVS) is a collection of sensory, vascular, and musculoskeletal symptoms caused by repetitive trauma from vibration. This case report demonstrates how to diagnose HAVS on the basis of history, physical examination, and vascular imaging and its treatment options. A 41-year-old man who regularly used vibrating tools presented with nonhealing wounds on his right thumb and third digit. Arteriography revealed occlusions of multiple arteries in his hand with formation of collaterals. We diagnosed HAVS, and his wounds healed after several weeks with appropriate treatment...
June 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery Cases and Innovative Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349049/the-reliability-of-the-transconjunctival-approach-for-orbital-exposure-measurement-of-positional-changes-in-the-lower-eyelid
#3
Sung Ho Yoon, Jin Hoon Lee
Background: Lower eyelid incisions are widely used for the orbital approach in periorbital trauma and aesthetic surgery. In general, the subciliary approach is known to cause disposition of the lower eyelid by scarring the anterior lamella in some cases. On the other hand, many surgeons believe that a transconjunctival approach usually does not result in such complications and is a reliable method. We measured positional changes in the lower eyelid in blowout fracture repair since entropion is one of the most serious complications of the transconjunctival orbital approach...
December 2017: Archives of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346233/video-recordings-to-analyze-preventable-management-errors-in-pediatric-resuscitation-bay
#4
Julia Borns, Jörg Ersch, Milana Dobrovoljac, Georg Staubli, Barbara Brotschi
OBJECTIVE: In treating patients of different ages and diseases in the pediatric resuscitation bay, management errors are common. This study aimed to analyze the adherence to advanced trauma life support and pediatric advanced life support guidelines and identify management errors in the pediatric resuscitation bay by using video recordings. METHODS: Video recording of all patients admitted to the pediatric resuscitation bay at University Children's Hospital Zurich during a 13-month period was performed...
January 16, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335903/anterior-cervical-corpectomy-and-fusion-versus-posterior-laminoplasty-for-the-treatment-of-oppressive-myelopathy-owing-to-cervical-ossification-of-posterior-longitudinal-ligament-a-meta-analysis
#5
Rongqing Qin, Xiaoqing Chen, Pin Zhou, Ming Li, Jie Hao, Feng Zhang
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research is to compare the clinical efficacy, postoperative complication and surgical trauma between anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion versus posterior laminoplasty for the treatment of oppressive myelopathy owing to cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament (OPLL). STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. METHODS: An comprehensive search of literature was implemented in three electronic databases (Embase, Pubmed, and the Cochrane library)...
January 15, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334971/the-titanium-elastic-nail-serves-as-an-alternative-treatment-for-adult-proximal-radial-shaft-fractures-a-cohort-study
#6
Ying-Cheng Huang, Jenn-Huei Renn, Yih-Wen Tarng
BACKGROUND: To investigate whether closed reduction and internal fixation (CRIF) with titanium elastic nails (TENs) is a viable alternative treatment in proximal radial fractures. METHODS: In Kaohsiung Veterans General Hospital, from November 2013 to April 2015, five adult male patients with forearm injuries (average age 43 years; range 35-64 years) were treated for proximal radial shaft fractures. CRIF with TENs for radial shaft fractures was performed in these five patients...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333727/the-relation-between-maximal-voluntary-force-in-m-palmaris-longus-and-the-temporal-and-spatial-summation-of-muscle-fiber-recruitment-in-human-subjects
#7
Cécyl G Claudel, Waqas Ahmed, Vibeke S Elbrønd, Adrian P Harrison, Else Marie Bartels
This study aimed at looking at the frequency (T-score) and the amplitude (S-score) of fiber use during contraction of a forearm muscle, m. palmaris longus, as measured by acoustic myography (AMG). An additional aim was to relate the T- and S-scores to the recorded force obtained from a hand dynamometer. The hypothesis being that temporal and spatial summation of muscle fiber contraction in a given muscle during a given movement, can together describe a given obtained force. Force measurements were carried out on 12 healthy human subjects aged 19-68 years (6 men & 6 women), while their m...
January 2018: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331167/the-association-between-psychotic-experiences-and-traumatic-life-events-the-role-of-the-intention-to-harm
#8
Tais Silveira Moriyama, Marjan Drukker, Ary Gadelha, Pedro Mario Pan, Giovanni Abrahão Salum, Gisele Gus Manfro, Jair de Jesus Mari, Eurípedes Constantino Miguel, Luis Augusto Rohde, Guilherme Vanoni Polanczyk, Jim van Os, Rodrigo Affonseca Bressan
BACKGROUND: Previous work showed traumatic life events (TLE) with intention to harm, like bullying and abuse, to be more strongly associated with psychotic experiences (PE) than other types of trauma, like accidents. However, this association is subject to reporting bias and can be confounded by demographic characteristics and by differences in dose of exposure across different trauma categories. We studied the association between TLE with and without intention to harm and PE, taking into account potential confounders and biases...
January 14, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322889/outcomes-of-open-reduction-and-internal-fixation-in-displaced-intra-articular-scapular-fractures-a-case-series
#9
M Zahid, E H Rashid, H Inam, A J Zubairi, N Baloch, P M Hashmi
Scapular fractures are rare injuries and usually occur due to high energy trauma. Displaced Intra articular fractures usually require operative treatment and yields better outcomes as compared to conservative management. To assess the functional and radiological outcomes of displaced intra-articular scapular fractures managed with open reduction and internal fixation. 12 patients were retrospectively reviewed and included in the study. Post-operative functional outcomes were assessed using mean quick DASH (Disability of arm, hand and shoulder) score while radiological outcomes were analyzed as percentage of implant cut-through, mal-union, non-union or infection...
March 2017: Acta Orthopaedica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313890/violence-in-paradise-cranial-trauma-in-the-prehispanic-population-of-gran-canaria-canary-islands
#10
Teresa Delgado-Darias, Verónica Alberto-Barroso, Javier Velasco-Vázquez
OBJECTIVES: This paper addresses the prevalence and pattern of physical violence in the prehispanic society of Gran Canaria and discusses its link with the social structure and insular context in which that people lived. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 347 prehispanic crania from Guayadeque Ravine (575-1415 AD) have been examined in order to determine the frequency, types, location, and timing of trauma. RESULTS: Craniofacial injuries are present in 27...
January 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29313441/hand-trauma-illustrated-surgical-guide-of-core-procedures
#11
Johan Fierens
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 9, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301025/childhood-trauma-is-associated-with-severity-of-hallucinations-and-delusions-in-psychotic-disorders-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#12
Thomas Bailey, Mario Alvarez-Jimenez, Ana M Garcia-Sanchez, Carol Hulbert, Emma Barlow, Sarah Bendall
Introduction: Childhood trauma is a risk factor for the development of psychosis. Furthermore, a number of theories propose specific mechanisms by which childhood trauma may contribute to more severe positive and negative psychotic symptoms, some of which are supported empirically. The robustness of this empirical evidence is unclear due to mixed results and methodological limitations of individual studies. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence for associations between childhood trauma and severity of hallucinations, delusions, and negative psychotic symptoms in clinical populations with a diagnosed psychotic disorder is needed...
January 2, 2018: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29291540/open-splenectomy-for-varicella-zoster-induced-spontaneous-splenic-rupture
#13
Mark Christopher Sykes, Bilal Azhar, Laurence John, Salman Bokhari
INTRODUCTION: Here we present a case of atraumatic splenic rupture secondary to varicella infection requiring emergency splenectomy. The presentation was as would be expected for epstein barr virus (EBV) related splenic injury, which is well documented in the literature. Dermatological findings however suggested varicella zoster, and viral serology subsequently confirmed the diagnosis. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A young Romanian male presented to the emergency department with peritonism without preceding trauma...
December 24, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287104/fetal-head-size-and-effect-of-manual-perineal-protection
#14
Magdalena Jansova, Vladimir Kalis, Zdenek Rusavy, Sari Räisänen, Libor Lobovsky, Katariina Laine
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate whether a previously identified modification of Viennese method of perineal protection remains most effective for reduction of perineal tension in cases with substantially smaller or larger fetal heads. METHODS: A previously designed finite element model was used to compare perineal tension of different modifications of the Viennese method of perineal protection to "hands-off" technique for three different sizes of the fetal head...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29260248/-chronic-refractory-ulcer-on-the-ring-finger-manifestation-of-distal-epithelioid-sarcoma
#15
N S Häring, R Strohal, S Dertinger, F Offner
The epithelioid sarcoma classic, "distal" type was first published in 1970. It is a very rare, malignant, aggressive subcutaneous soft tissue sarcoma that shows characteristic positivity for both epithelial and mesenchymal immunohistochemical markers. It grows very slowly and mostly presents in young men. Clinically the tumor is characterized as a coarse cutaneous or subcutaneous nodular induration that often ulcerates in the course of the disease. An association with trauma is often described and can lengthen time to diagnosis...
December 19, 2017: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248257/forearm-as-a-valuable-source-of-vascularized-bone-graft-for-the-distal-humerus
#16
Reza Shahryar Kamrani, Leila Farhadi, Amir Reza Farhoud
BACKGROUND: The nonunion of a distal humeral fracture is a challenging complication. Our aim was to assess the results of the application of pedicled bone flap to treat this problem. METHODS: There were 6 men and 3 women with delayed union or nonunion of the distal humerus treated by 10 procedures of rigid fixation plus radial bone forearm or posterior interosseous bone flaps. A locking plate was applied for fixation in 4 patients and a pin and plate for 5 patients...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241404/in-vivo-measurement-of-surface-pressures-and-retraction-distances-applied-on-abdominal-organs-during-surgery
#17
Dignesh Shah, Andrew Alderson, James Corden, Thomas Satyadas, Titus Augustine
This study undertook the in vivo measurement of surface pressures applied by the fingers of the surgeon during typical representative retraction movements of key human abdominal organs during both open and hand-assisted laparoscopic surgery. Surface pressures were measured using a flexible thin-film pressure sensor for 35 typical liver retractions to access the gall bladder, 36 bowel retractions, 9 kidney retractions, 8 stomach retractions, and 5 spleen retractions across 12 patients undergoing open and laparoscopic abdominal surgery...
December 1, 2017: Surgical Innovation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234826/mental-health-impact-of-social-capital-interventions-a-systematic-review
#18
Elaine C Flores, Daniela C Fuhr, Angela M Bayer, Andres G Lescano, Nicki Thorogood, Victoria Simms
PURPOSE: Mental disorders are a major contributor to the global burden of disease and disability, and can be extremely costly at both individual and community level. Social capital, (SC) defined as an individual's social relationships and participation in community networks, may lower the risk of mental disorders while increasing resilience capacity, adaptation and recovery. SC interventions may be a cost-effective way of preventing and ameliorating these conditions. However, the impact of these SC interventions on mental health still needs research...
December 12, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232419/mycobacterium-marinum-remains-an-unrecognized-cause-of-indolent-skin-infections
#19
Julie Steinbrink, Molara Alexis, Daniella Angulo-Thompson, Mayur Ramesh, George Alangaden, Marisa H Miceli
We identified 5 patients who had cutaneous lesions with cultures that yielded Mycobacterium marinum. It was discovered that all 5 patients had a home aquarium, and infection was preceded by trauma to the hand. However, the association between the development of the infection and exposure of the trauma site to the aquarium was not initially established until repeated questioning was performed. Skin biopsies or incision and drainage were performed for all patients, and the diagnosis was established by culture of the specimens...
November 2017: Cutis; Cutaneous Medicine for the Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226794/mental-health-of-immigrants-and-refugees-seeking-legal-services-on-the-us-mexico-border
#20
Yok-Fong Paat, Rachel Green
The debates on the mental health benefits associated with immigration are mixed. On the one hand, immigrants are provided with more opportunities not available in their home countries. On the other hand, they are far away from home and may have been exposed to traumatic experiences on their journeys to the receiving country. Even after settling down in the receiving country, most continue to face legal battles associated with their immigration status, as shown in this study. This study examined the risk and protective factors associated with the mental health conditions in a sample of 39 immigrants and refugees seeking legal services on the US-Mexico border...
October 2017: Transcultural Psychiatry
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