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M A Elkhawaga
AIMS: This search aims to study, isolation, characterization, and stability of biosurfactant isolated from actinomycetes isolated from petroleum contaminated soil. METHODS AND RESULTS: Optimizing the production of the biosurfactant from Streptomyces griseoplanus NRRL-ISP5009, SM1 was obtained on the 6th day at 30°C, pH 7, 150 rpm, Glycerol yeast extract broth (GYEB) medium supplemented with cellulose, yeast extract and 1%NaCl. The stability of the biosurfactant produced was studied at the different temperature, pH and different concentration of NaCl...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Oliver Crawley, Andrew C Giles, Muriel Desbois, Sudhanva Kashyap, Rayna Birnbaum, Brock Grill
The Pam/Highwire/RPM-1 (PHR) proteins are conserved intracellular signaling hubs that regulate synapse formation and axon termination. The C. elegans PHR protein, called RPM-1, acts as a ubiquitin ligase to inhibit the DLK-1 and MLK-1 MAP kinase pathways. We have identified several kinases that are likely to form a new MAP kinase pathway that suppresses synapse formation defects, but not axon termination defects, in the mechanosensory neurons of rpm-1 mutants. This pathway includes: MIG-15 (MAP4K), NSY-1 (MAP3K), JKK-1 (MAP2K) and JNK-1 (MAPK)...
December 11, 2017: PLoS Genetics
Jin Sung Won, Seung Jo Lee, Hyeon Hwa Park, Kyung Bin Song, Sea C Min
Grapefruit seed extract (GSE)-containing chitosan-based coating was developed and applied to cherry tomatoes to protect them from Salmonella invasion and improve their storability. The coating colloids were produced by mixing a chitosan colloid (1% [w/w] chitosan) with GSE at various concentrations (0.5%, 0.7%, 1.0%, and 1.2% [w/w]) using high-shear mixing (10000 rpm, 2 min). Coatings with chitosan colloids containing GSE at 0.0%, 0.5%, 0.7%, and 1.0% (w/w) inactivated Salmonella on cherry tomatoes by 1.0 ± 0...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Food Science
Retno Wahyu Nurhayati, Yoshihiro Ojima, Takeaki Dohda, Masahiro Kino-Oka
The increasing application of regenerative medicine has generated a growing demand for stem cells and their derivatives. Single-use bioreactors offer an attractive platform for stem cell expansion owing to their scalability for large-scale production and feasibility of meeting clinical-grade standards. The current work evaluated the capacity of a single-use bioreactor system (1 L working volume) for expanding Meg01 cells, a megakaryocytic (MK) progenitor cell line. Oxygen supply was provided by surface aeration to minimize foaming and orbital shaking was used to promote oxygen transfer...
December 11, 2017: Biotechnology Progress
Glen A Broderick
Feeding trials were conducted with lactating cows and growing lambs to quantify effects of replacing dietary alfalfa silage (AS) with red clover silage (RCS) on nutrient utilization. The lactation trial had a 2 × 4 arrangement of treatments: AS or RCS fed with no supplement, rumen-protected Met (RPM), rumen-protected Lys (RPL), or RPM plus RPL. Grass silage was fed at 13% of dry matter (DM) with AS to equalize dietary neutral detergent fiber (NDF) and crude protein contents. All diets contained (DM basis) 5% corn silage and 16% crude protein...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Mahdi Ghorbani, Alireza Shams, Orkideh Seyedin, Nahid Afshar Lahoori
In this paper, magnetic ethylene diamine-functionalized graphene oxide (MDFGO) as a novel sorbent was synthesized and applied for removal of Pb(II) and Cd(II) from real wastewater samples. The morphology and molecular structure of MDFGO were studied by different analytical methods. The effective parameters in adsorption efficiency of Pb(II) and Cd(II) were studied and optimized using experimental design. Under the optimal condition, the effective parameters including pH, sorbent dosage, shaking rate, and adsorption time were 6...
December 8, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Aaron R Kaufman, Andrea Cruzat, Kathryn A Colby
OBJECTIVES: To examine clinical outcomes of oversized titanium back plates in type I Boston keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation. METHODS: Retrospective study of 22 sequential eyes (20 patients) undergoing type I KPro implantation with an oversized titanium back plate (larger than trephined wound diameter by 1.0 mm or more), performed by a single surgeon (K.A.C.) from June 2010 to November 2014. Data were collected regarding preoperative eye characteristics, surgical details, and postoperative clinical outcomes...
December 5, 2017: Eye & Contact Lens
Hamid Bakhteyar, Clayton Cassone, Hamed Gilzad Kohan, Shabnam N Sani
The purpose of this study was to formulate extemporaneously compounded Liothyronine Sodium (T3) slow-release capsules and to evaluate their in vitro drug release performance. Twenty-one formulations containing T3 (7.5 µg) with various compositions of two different grades of Methocel E4M and K100M premium (30% to 90%), and/or SimpleCap/Lactose (10% to 70%) were examined. Quality assessment of the capsules was conducted by standard quality control criteria of the United States Pharmacopeia (i.e., weight variation, content uniformity) to ensure their compliance...
September 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutical Compounding
Pey-Shiuan Wu, Yi-Ching Lee, Yi-Ching Kuo, Chih-Chien Lin
Although octyl methoxy cinnamates (OMC) is the most used Ultraviolet B (UVB) filter in sunscreen, it has poor light stability in emulsion system. In this study, OMC/SiO₂ nanoparticles were prepared via sol-gel emulsion method. Tetraethoxy silane (TEOS) was used as the silica source to encapsulate OMC. Modification of experimental parameters such as stirring speed of condensation reaction and emulsion condition, pH value of acid-catalyzed, surfactant and different percentage of TEOS and OMC, adding of OMC and surfactant to different phase may affect the particle size, and yield and entrapment efficiency in preparation process of OMC/SiO₂ nanoparticles...
December 7, 2017: Nanomaterials
Olushola S Ayanda, Simphiwe M Nelana, Leslie F Petrik, Eliazer B Naidoo
The application of nano-TiO2 as adsorbent combined with ultrasound for the degradation of N-acetyl-para-aminophenol (AAP) from aqueous solution was investigated. The nano-TiO2 was characterized by means of powder X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS), and attenuated total reflection-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR). Experimental results revealed that the adsorption of AAP by nano-TiO2 fitted the pseudo-second-order kinetic model, the equilibrium could be explained by the Freundlich isotherm and the treatment process is exothermic...
October 2017: Journal of Water and Health
Wing L J Kwok, Dana-Georgiana Crivoi, Chunping Chen, Jean-Charles Buffet, Dermot O'Hare
A series of silica@layered double hydroxides (SiO2@Mg2Al-CO3-AMO-LDHs) have been synthesised by in situ precipitation of Mg2Al-CO3-LDH at room temperature in the presence of amorphous spherical silica particles (∼500 nm). We have systematically investigated a number of synthetic parameters in order to evaluate their effects on the composition, morphological and physical properties of the isolated materials. Syntheses carried out at moderate stirring speeds (e.g. 500 rpm) were found to promote the formation of vertically aligned LDH platelets with respect to the silica surface...
December 6, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
S Jeza, S B Maseko, J Lin
This study intended to purify and characterise exo-inulinase of diesel-degrading Paenibacillus sp. D9. The whole genome sequencing of Paenibacillus sp. D9 revealed to possess the sacC gene that is encoded as exo-inulinase/levanase. This isolate was capable of producing a maximum of 50.9 IU/mL of exo-inulinase activity within 3 days at 30 °C, 200 rpm and pH of 7.0 on minimal salt medium agar supplemented with 1% (w/v) inulin. An exo-inulinase of 58.5 kDa was purified using ammonium sulphate precipitation, HiTrap QFF column and MMC column chromatographies with a specific activity of 4333 IU/mg, 7...
December 5, 2017: Protein Journal
Andrew Shoffstall, Jennifer Paiz, David Miller, Griffin Rial, Mitchell Willis, Dhariyat Menendez, Stephen Hostler, Jeffrey R Capadona
Our objective was to determine how readily blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption occurred as a result of bone drilling during a craniotomy to implant microelectrodes in rat cortex. While the phenomenon of heat production during bone-drilling is well-known, practices to evade damage to the underlying brain tissue are inconsistently practiced and reported in the literature. Approach: We conducted a review of intracortical microelectrode literature to summarize typical approaches to mitigate drill heating during rodent craniotomies...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
F Simonacci, M P Grieco, N Bertozzi, E Raposio
BACKGROUND: Autologous fat transplantation is used after breast reconstruction to improve the breast profile. There are a variety of different methods used for fat harvesting, preparation, and reinjection. This study describes the specific techniques we used in this series of autologous fat transplantations in breast reconstruction patients and reports their outcomes compared with other studies in the literature. PATIENTS AND METHODS: At the University Hospital of Parma between May 2012 and December 2016, we performed 53 autologous fat transplantations for secondary breast reconstruction patients with an average age of 49 years (range: 34-65 y)...
May 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Sylwester Kujach, Kyeongho Byun, Kazuki Hyodo, Kazuya Suwabe, Takemune Fukuie, Radoslaw Laskowski, Ippeita Dan, Hideaki Soya
Although growing attention has been drawn to attainable, high-intensity intermittent exercise (HIE)-based intervention, which can improve cardiovascular and metabolic health, for sedentary individuals, there is limited information on the impact and potential benefit of an easily attainable HIE intervention for cognitive health. We aimed to reveal how acute HIE affects executive function focusing on underlying neural substrates. To address this issue, we examined the effects of acute HIE on executive function using the color-word matching Stroop task (CWST), which produces a cognitive conflict in the decision-making process, and its neural substrate using functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS)...
December 1, 2017: NeuroImage
Khaled Brahmi, Wided Bouguerra, Soumaya Harbi, Elimame Elaloui, Mouna Loungou, Béchir Hamrouni
This laboratory study investigated the parameters efficiency of the new technology: ballasted electro-flocculation (BEF) using aluminum (Al) electrodes to remove cadmium and zinc from industrial mining wastewater (MWW). The principle of the BEF process is based on the use of micro-sand and polymer together to increase the weight of the flocs and the rate at which they settle is radically changing the electrocoagulation-electroflocculation settling methodology. Based on the examination of the operation parameters one by one, the best removal percentage was obtained at a current intensity of 2A, a the flow rate of 20L/h, a micro-sand dose of 6g/L, a polyéthylèneimine (PEI) polymer dose of 100mg, the contact times of 30min, a stirring speed of 50 RPM, a monopolar configuration of the electrodes, and an electrodes number of 10...
November 27, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Ojo Sunday Isaac Fayomi
In this study, a comprehensive effect of particle loading and optimised process parameter on the developed zinc electrolyte was presented. The depositions were performed between 10-30 min at a stirring rate of 200 rpm at room temperature of 30 °C. The effect of coating difference on the properties and interfacial surface was acquired, at a voltage interval between 0.6 and 1.0 V for the coating duration. The framework of bath condition as it influences the coating thickness was put into consideration. Hence, the electrodeposition data for coating thickness, and coating per unit area at constant distance between the anode and cathode with depth of immersion were acquired...
February 2018: Data in Brief
Ling Fei Tee, Hui-Min Neoh, Sue Mian Then, Nor Azian Murad, Mohd Fairos Asillam, Mohd Helmy Hashim, Sheila Nathan, Rahman Jamal
Studies of multigenerational Caenorhabditis elegans exposed to long-term spaceflight have revealed expression changes of genes involved in longevity, DNA repair, and locomotion. However, results from spaceflight experiments are difficult to reproduce as space missions are costly and opportunities are rather limited for researchers. In addition, multigenerational cultures of C. elegans used in previous studies contribute to mixture of gene expression profiles from both larvae and adult worms, which were recently reported to be different...
November 2017: Life Sciences in Space Research
Bin Zhao, Dan Yang Cheng, Pan Tan, Qiang An, Jin Song Guo
An aerobic denitrifier was newly isolated and identified as Pseudomonas stutzeri strain XL-2. Strain XL-2 removed 97.9% of nitrate with an initial concentration about 100 mg/L. Nitrogen balance indicates that 12.4% of the initial nitrogen was converted to N2O, and 62.4% was converted to N2. Single factor experiments indicate that the optimal conditions for nitrate removal were C/N ratio of 10, temperature of 30 °C and shaking speed of 120 rpm. Sequence amplification indicates that the denitrification genes of napA, nirS, norB and nosZ were present in strain XL-2...
November 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
Fatin Myra Abdul Manan, Nursyafreena Attan, Nashi Widodo, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein, Roswanira Abdul Wahab
An alternative environmentally benign support was prepared from chitosan-chitin nanowhiskers (CS/CNWs) for covalent immobilization of Rhizomucor miehei lipase (RML) to increase the operational stability and recyclability of RML in synthesizing eugenyl benzoate. The CS/CNWs support and RML-CS/CNWs were characterized using X-ray diffraction (XRD), fluorescent microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Efficiency of the RML-CS/CNWs was compared to the free RML to synthesize eugenyl benzoate for parameters: reaction temperature, stirring rate, reusability and thermal stability...
December 1, 2017: Preparative Biochemistry & Biotechnology
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