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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140918/integrating-social-determinants-of-health-into-graduate-medical-education-a-call-for-action
#1
Jennifer Siegel, David L Coleman, Thea James
Social determinants of health (SDH) are the major drivers of health and disparate health outcomes across communities and populations. Given this, the authors assert that competency in recognizing and mitigating SDH should become a vital component of graduate medical education in all specialties. While the most effective approaches to educating trainees about SDH are uncertain, in this Invited Commentary, the authors offer several key principles for implementing curricula focusing on SDH. These include universalization of the material, integration into clinical education, identification of space for trainee introspection, clarification of specific competencies in identification and mitigation of SDH, and creation of robust faculty development programming...
November 14, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114348/enriching-health-professional-programs-in-global-health-development-and-implementation-of-an-interdisciplinary-and-integrated-approach
#2
Carol Valois, VĂ©ronique Foley, Paul Grand'Maison, Johanne Dumont
Background: Globalization results in a rapidly diversifying population, increased inequities, and more complex health problems affecting populations. This forces medical schools to integrate global health (GH) into the training of health-care professionals from curriculum development to practical learning activities, here and abroad. Approach: The approach aims at enriching existing programs in GH competencies in an interdisciplinary context. The goal is to ensure that all health-science students develop a certain level of GH competency...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105870/service-learning-partnerships-features-that-promote-transformational-and-sustainable-rural-and-remote-health-partnerships-and-services
#3
Debra Jones, Lindy McAllister, Robert Dyson, David Lyle
OBJECTIVE: To describe features that promote transformational and sustainable community engaged health partnerships and services in rural and remote Australian locations. DESIGN: A pragmatic qualitative study using focus groups and individual semi-structured interviews. Data were analysed using four stages of data comparison. SETTING: Far west New South Wales, Australia. The health partnership, initiated by primary school principals in 2008, aimed to address allied health service inequities experienced by regional children...
November 6, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065810/teaching-health-care-trainees-empathy-and-homelessness-iq-through-service-learning-reflective-practice-and-altruistic-attribution
#4
Leanne Chrisman-Khawam, Neelab Abdullah, Arjun Dhoopar
This article describes a novel inter-professional curriculum designed to address the needs of homeless patients in a Midwestern region of the United States which has high rates of poverty. The curriculum is intended for healthcare trainees coming from undergraduate pre-medical programs, nursing, pharmacy, social work, clinical psychology, medical school and post-graduate medical training in family medicine, medicine-pediatrics, and psychiatry. The clinical component is specifically designed to reach destitute patients and the curriculum is structured to reverse commonly held myths about homelessness among the trainees, thereby improving their Homelessness Information Quotient, the ability to more fully understand homelessness...
May 2017: International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053529/use-of-service-learning-to-teach-health-literacy-with-online-graduate-nursing-students
#5
Tracy P George, Claire DeCristofaro
To meet Healthy People 2020 goals, health literacy must be included in health care program curricula. In a fully online graduate nursing course, an innovative service-learning activity asked students to collaborate in the creation of low-literacy patient education pamphlets for practice partners at a community rehabilitation facility. Involvement with community stakeholders such as support groups and interprofessional team members enhanced interdisciplinary educational outcomes. Through this innovative project-based activity, students were able to meet the clinical education and decision support needs of rehabilitation patients while translating academic coursework to support actual community needs...
October 20, 2017: Nursing Education Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042343/systems-based-training-in-graduate-medical-education-for-service-learning-in-the-state-legislature-in-the-united-states-pilot-study
#6
Shikhar H Shah, Maureen D Clark, Kimberly Hu, Jalene A Shoener, Joshua Fogel, William C Kling, James Ronayne
BACKGROUND: There is a dearth of advocacy training in graduate medical education in the United States. To address this void, the Legislative Education and Advocacy Development (LEAD) course was developed as an interprofessional experience, partnering a cohort of pediatrics residents, fourth-year medical students, and public health students to be trained in evidence-informed health policy making. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to evaluate the usefulness and acceptability of a service-based legislative advocacy course...
October 17, 2017: JMIR Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029234/keeping-education-fresh-not-just-in-microbiology
#7
Beatrix Fahnert
Innovative practice from around the globe, addressing a range of recent educational themes and trends, was published in the FEMS Microbiology Letters virtual Thematic Issue 'Keeping Education Fresh' in October 2017. Its thought-provoking content is reviewed here to more directly facilitate reflections and discussions in the professional community. The focus is on best practice approaches when enhancing student engagement, how to adjust those to the diversity of learners, learning situations and infrastructures, and to a broad range of subjects...
November 15, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894787/prevalence-of-anemia-overweight-obesity-and-undiagnosed-hypertension-and-diabetes-among-residents-of-selected-communities-in-ghana
#8
Alex Kojo Anderson
The increasing numbers of lifestyle related chronic diseases in developing countries call for awareness, early detection, and effective management. The objective of this paper is to report the prevalence of undiagnosed hypertension, diabetes, overweight/obesity, and anemia among residents of selected communities in Ghana. The data comes from a community screening conducted in Ghana as part of the University of Georgia Summer Service Learning Program. Descriptive statistics were used to summarize the data while chi-square and independent t-test compared groups...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889172/service-learning-enhances-physical-therapy-students-ability-to-examine-fall-risk-in-older-adults
#9
Amy Nordon-Craft, Brandy Schwarz, Victoria Kowalewski, Jessica Hartos, Jennifer Jurado Severance, Nicoleta Bugnariu
Service-learning (SL) is one educational methodology that provides students opportunities to practice and refine affective, cognitive and psychomotor skills in a community-based setting. PURPOSE: The aims of this study were: 1) to investigate the impact of SL on physical therapy (PT) students' attitudes and perceived clinical competence when working with older adults, and 2) to evaluate the difference between perceptions of students who developed and implemented the SL activity vs those who implemented only...
2017: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28876444/innovative-use-of-service-learning-to-enhance-baccalaureate-nursing-education
#10
Wanda Taylor, Rosanne Pruitt, Tracy Fasolino
BACKGROUND: Service-learning is an established pedagogical approach to nursing education found primarily in community nursing. With changing health care landscapes, the expansion of service-learning projects throughout the nursing program provides opportunities to enrich assessment and critical thinking and amplify exposure to determinants of health. METHOD: Implementing service-learning in foundational nursing courses allows students to be challenged with the application of complex care management within a context of caring, cultural competence, social responsibility, and self-care initiatives...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Nursing Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28857283/learning-about-a-new-kind-of-cell-sexual-health-and-service-learning-in-prison
#11
Jennifer Desrosiers
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2017: Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853969/the-active-engagement-model-of-applied-ethics-as-a-structure-for-ethical-reflection-in-the-context-of-course-based-service-learning
#12
Kathryn C Nesbit, Gail M Jensen, Clare Delany
PURPOSE: The purpose of this case report is to explore the active engagement model as a tool to illuminate the ethical reflections of student physical therapists in the context of service learning in a developing country. METHODS: The study participants were a convenience sample of six students. The study design is a case report using a phenomenological perspective. Data were collected from students' narrative writing and semi-structured interviews. The steps of the active engagement model provided the structural framework for student responses...
August 30, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841471/teaching-caring-and-competence-student-transformation-during-an-older-adult-focused-service-learning-course
#13
Karen M Brown, Leslie M Bright
Innovative teaching strategies develop nurses' knowledge, skills, and attitudes while simultaneously integrating the art of caring and transforming attitudes toward adults over age 65. The study's purpose was to explore students' experiences and attitudes toward older adults with cognitive and/or physical limitations as well as the effects on students' knowledge and skills during a baccalaureate nursing, course which included a service-learning experience. Service-learning synthesizes meaningful community service, academic instruction, and reflection...
November 2017: Nurse Education in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28837437/nursing-students-and-service-learning-research-from-a-symbiotic-community-partnership-with-local-schools-and-special-olympics
#14
Thayer McGahee, Maureen Bravo, Lisa Simmons, Tom Reid
This research is an example of a service learning partnership between a prelicensure nursing program and local school district. Through this partnership, students participated in a thoughtfully organized project that met the needs of a community and promoted the humanizing of health care education. Nursing students, under the guidance of faculty, performed required physical examinations for Special Olympics athletes who represented a wide range of age, physical, social, and intellectual levels. Research findings indicated an increase in nursing students' affective and cognitive development after this activity...
August 24, 2017: Nurse Educator
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778050/increasing-positive-attitudes-toward-individuals-with-disabilities-through-community-service-learning
#15
Janelle E Lawson, Rebecca A Cruz, Gregory A Knollman
Providing equal-status contact between those with and without disabilities can improve attitudes and reduce discrimination toward individuals with disabilities. This study investigated community service learning as a means by which to provide college students with equal-status contact with individuals with disabilities and increase their positive attitudes toward those with disabilities. A total of 166 college students in one university in the United States enrolled in an Introduction to Disability course received content on disability in society and participated in community service involving 20h of direct contact with individuals with disabilities...
August 1, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765440/teaching-cultural-competence-in-dental-education-a-systematic-review-and-exploration-of-implications-for-indigenous-populations-in-australia
#16
REVIEW
Cathryn J Forsyth, Michelle J Irving, Marc Tennant, Stephanie D Short, John A Gilroy
Indigenous and other minority populations worldwide experience higher rates of disease including poor oral health than other populations. Cultural competence of practitioners is increasingly being recognized as fundamental to health care and quality of life in addressing these disparities. The aims of this study were to conduct a systematic review of the literature about teaching cultural competence in dental education and to explore the particular relevance of that teaching for the oral health care of Indigenous populations in Australia...
August 2017: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746071/toward-a-utopian-model-for-teaching-and-nonteaching-services-every-journey-begins-with-a-first-step
#17
Lisa M Bellini, Jack Ende
Nonteaching services are an imperfect step toward enabling inpatient teaching services to transition from an unregulated, natural state, driven solely by the exigencies of patient volume and throughput, to one that is more controlled and intends to achieve the proper balance between service and education. As career educators the authors prefer to view nonteaching services as critical components of an integrated system that enables the best possible patient care and learning, yet they acknowledge that, to meet the needs of patients and learners, teaching and nonteaching services alike must be truly complementary, collaborative, and integrated components of a single system...
July 25, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738825/broadening-measures-of-success-results-of-a-behavioral-health-translational-research-training-program
#18
Julie A Baldwin, Heather J Williamson, Emery R Eaves, Bruce L Levin, Donna L Burton, Oliver T Massey
BACKGROUND: While some research training programs have considered the importance of mentoring in inspiring professionals to engage in translational research, most evaluations emphasize outcomes specific to academic productivity as primary measures of training program success. The impact of such training or mentoring programs on stakeholders and local community organizations engaged in translational research efforts has received little attention. The purpose of this evaluation is to explore outcomes other than traditional academic productivity in a translational research graduate certificate program designed to pair graduate students and behavioral health professionals in collaborative service-learning projects...
July 24, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734490/preconception-peer-educators-exploratory-outreach-to-the-bahamas-a-foundation-for-an-international-service-learning-initiative
#19
Gail H Wade, Mary B DeLashmutt, Anne DeCaire, Emily Boyce
A service learning outreach was undertaken to assess the feasibility of adapting the Preconception Peer Educator (PPE) program to Bahamian youth. By focusing on preconception health, the PPE program is a logical step toward ensuring age sensitive and developmentally appropriate education to improve potential birth outcomes and decrease infant mortality rates (IMR) associated with the complex societal problems on Grand Bahama. Concerned with the prevalence of adolescent pregnancy, lack of social support, depression, and failure to complete high school, a nurse midwife invited PPEs from a School of Nursing to meet with stakeholders to introduce the PPE program to Bahamian youth...
July 2017: Journal of Professional Nursing: Official Journal of the American Association of Colleges of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734046/effect-of-a-community-based-service-learning-experience-in-geriatrics-on-internal-medicine-residents-and-community-participants
#20
Rachel K Miller, Jennifer Michener, Phyllis Yang, Karen Goldstein, Jennine Groce-Martin, Gala True, Jerry Johnson
Community-based service learning (CBSL) provides an opportunity to teach internal medicine residents the social context of aging and clinical concepts. The objectives of the current study were to demonstrate the feasibility of a CBSL program targeting internal medicine residents and to assess its effect on medical residents and community participants. internal medicine residents participated in a CBSL experience for half a day during ambulatory blocks from 2011 to 2014. Residents attended a senior housing unit or center, delivered a presentation about a geriatric health topic, toured the facility, and received information about local older adult resources...
September 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
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