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Mario plebani

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882478/peripheral-imbalanced-tfh-tfr-ratio-correlates-with-intrathecal-igg-synthesis-in-multiple-sclerosis-at-clinical-onset
#1
Marco Puthenparampil, Antonio Zito, Giorgia Pantano, Lisa Federle, Erica Stropparo, Silvia Miante, Giustina De Silvestro, Mario Plebani, Paolo Gallo
BACKGROUND: Alteration of T-follicular helper (TFH) and regulatory (TFR) subpopulations may contribute to the development of auto-reactive B-cell. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether changes in TFH and TFR subsets are associated with abnormal IgG synthesis in blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients. METHODS: Paired blood and CSF samples were obtained from 31 untreated relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) patients at diagnosis...
June 1, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29874192/procalcitonin-guided-antibiotic-therapy-an-expert-consensus
#2
Michele Bartoletti, Massimo Antonelli, Francesco Arturo Bruno Blasi, Ivo Casagranda, Arturo Chieregato, Roberto Fumagalli, Massimo Girardis, Filippo Pieralli, Mario Plebani, Gian Maria Rossolini, Massimo Sartelli, Bruno Viaggi, Pierluigi Viale, Claudio Viscoli, Federico Pea
BACKGROUND: Procalcitonin (PCT) is a useful biomarker of bacterial infection and its use is associated to reduced duration of antibiotic therapy in the setting of intensive care medicine. To address the need of practical guidance for the use of PCT in various clinical settings, a group of experts was invited to participate at a consensus process with the aims of defining the rationale for appropriate use of PCT and for improving the management of critically ill patients with sepsis. METHODS: A group of 14 experts from anesthesiology and critical care, infectious diseases, internal medicine, pulmonology, clinical microbiology, laboratory medicine, clinical pharmacology and methodology provided expert opinion through a modified Delphi process, after a comprehensive literature review...
June 6, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29847020/warfarin-but-not-rivaroxaban-promotes-the-calcification-of-the-aortic-valve-in-apoe-mice
#3
Marcello Rattazzi, Elisabetta Faggin, Elisa Bertacco, Chiara Nardin, Leopoldo Pagliani, Mario Plebani, Francesco Cinetto, Diego Guidolin, Massimo Puato, Paolo Pauletto
INTRODUCTION: Vitamin K antagonists, such as warfarin, are known to promote arterial calcification through blockade of gamma-carboxylation of Matrix-Gla-Protein. It is currently unknown whether other oral anticoagulants such as direct inhibitors of Factor Xa can have protective effects on the progression of aortic valve calcification. AIMS: to compare the effect of warfarin and rivaroxaban on the progression of aortic valve calcification in atherosclerotic mice...
May 30, 2018: Cardiovascular Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29813029/clinical-laboratory-bigger-is-not-always-better
#4
Mario Plebani
Laboratory services around the world are undergoing substantial consolidation and changes through mechanisms ranging from mergers, acquisitions and outsourcing, primarily based on expectations to improve efficiency, increasing volumes and reducing the cost per test. However, the relationship between volume and costs is not linear and numerous variables influence the end cost per test. In particular, the relationship between volumes and costs does not span the entire platter of clinical laboratories: high costs are associated with low volumes up to a threshold of 1 million test per year...
June 27, 2018: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29794248/external-quality-assessment-programs-in-the-context-of-iso-15189-accreditation
#5
Laura Sciacovelli, Sandra Secchiero, Andrea Padoan, Mario Plebani
Effective management of clinical laboratories participating in external quality assessment schemes (EQAS) is of fundamental importance in ensuring reliable analytical results. The International Standard ISO 15189:2012 requires participation in interlaboratory comparison [e.g. external quality assessment (EQA)] for all tests provided by an individual laboratory. If EQAS is not commercially available, alternative approaches should be identified, although clinical laboratories may find it challenging to choose the EQAS that comply with the international standards and approved guidelines...
May 23, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777507/rankl-expression-is-increased-in-circulating-mononuclear-cells-of-patients-with-calcific-aortic-stenosis
#6
Marcello Rattazzi, Elisabetta Faggin, Elisa Bertacco, Roberta Buso, Massimo Puato, Mario Plebani, Martina Zaninotto, Davide Condotta, Giacomo Zoppellaro, Leopoldo Pagliani, Giuseppe Tarantini, Sabino Iliceto, Elisa Covolo, Giuseppe Faggian, Francesco Onorati, Mikhail Dodonov, Alessandro Daniotti, Paola Pantano, Zoran Olivari, Giovanni Benfari, Paolo Pauletto
We aimed to investigate whether the expression of the OPG/RANK/RANKL triad in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) and circulating levels of markers of ectopic mineralization (OPG, FGF-23, PPi) are modified in patients with calcific aortic valve disease (CAVD). We found that patients affected by CAVD (n = 50) had significantly higher circulating levels of OPG as compared to control individuals (p = 0.003). No differences between the two groups were found in FGF-23 and PPi levels. RANKL expression was higher in the PBMC from CAVD patients (p = 0...
May 17, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768246/the-theranos-saga-and-the-consequences
#7
EDITORIAL
Karl J Lackner, Mario Plebani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753681/quality-of-plasma-samples-and-bd-vacutainer-barricor-tubes-effects-of-centrifugation
#8
Andrea Padoan, Martina Zaninotto, Elisa Piva, Laura Sciacovelli, Ada Aita, Adriano Tasinato, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUNDS: The BD Vacutainer ® Barricor™ Plasma collection tube (BD Barricors) uses an innovative non-gel separation method. This study compared the plasma residual cell count (PRCC) obtained from BD Barricor and from BD PST II plasma tubes. METHODS: Four BD Barricors and one BD PST II were collected from 40 donors. BD PST II was centrifuged at 1300g/10 min, while the BD Barricors were centrifuged at 1800g/10 min, 4000g/3 min, 4000g/7 min and 4000g/15 min...
May 10, 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29750639/harmonization-of-units-and-reference-intervals-of-plasma-proteins-state-of-the-art-from-an-external-quality-assessment-scheme
#9
Sandra Secchiero, Laura Sciacovelli, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: The need to harmonize laboratory information is particularly intense in the field of plasma proteins, considering their clinical impact and relevance in monitoring diseases. METHODS: We evaluated units and reference intervals (RIs) utilized by participants of the External Quality Assessment Scheme (EQAS) for plasma proteins of the Centre of Biomedical Research. Moreover, we evaluated inter-laboratory analytical variability from 2001 to 2017. RESULTS: The census of participants' units employed in 2017 showed that for albumin (ALB), ~66% of laboratories still used dL instead of L, and for most other proteins, ~70% still expressed the results in mg/dL...
May 11, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29729144/improving-ibd-diagnosis-and-monitoring-by-understanding-preanalytical-analytical-and-biological-fecal-calprotectin-variability
#10
Andrea Padoan, Renata D'Incà, Maria Luisa Scapellato, Rudi De Bastiani, Roberta Caccaro, Claudia Mescoli, Stefania Moz, Dania Bozzato, Carlo-Federico Zambon, Greta Lorenzon, Massimo Rugge, Mario Plebani, Daniela Basso
BACKGROUND: The appropriate clinical use of fecal calprotectin (fCal) might be compromised by incomplete harmonization between assays and within- and between-subjects variability. Our aim was to investigate the analytical and biological variability of fCal in order to provide tools for interpreting fCal in the clinical setting. METHODS: Experiments were conducted to investigate the effects of temperature and storage time on fCal. Thirty-nine controls were enrolled to verify biological variability, and a case-control study was conducted on 134 controls and 110 IBD patients to compare the clinical effectiveness of three different fCal assays: ELISA, CLIA and turbidimetry...
May 5, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728985/prognostic-value-of-cardiac-troponin-i-assay-in-hospitalized-elderly-patients
#11
Francesca Attanasio, Pamela Carrer, Anna Zurlo, Anna Rossi, Luciano Babuin, Monica Maria Mion, Martina Zaninotto, Mario Plebani, Sabino Iliceto, Enzo Manzato, Valter Giantin
BACKGROUND: Cardiac troponin I (cTnI) has been poorly studied in elderly inpatients. AIM: This study wanted to assess factors influencing the increase in cTnI and its prognostic value in hospitalized elderly patients. METHODS: 354 elderly (mean age of 84.8 ± 6.9 years) patients consecutively admitted in the Geriatrics Division in Padua were tested for cTnI levels assay during the hospital stay. Number of subsequent patient deaths at 6 months and 2 years were registered...
May 4, 2018: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702484/hcv-core-antigen-comes-of-age-a-new-opportunity-for-the-diagnosis-of-hepatitis-c-virus-infection
#12
REVIEW
Claudio Galli, Paul Julicher, Mario Plebani
The diagnosis of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection has been traditionally based on the detection of the host antibody response. Although antibody assays are available in different formats and are fairly accurate, they cannot distinguish between an ongoing infection with HCV replicative activity and a past infection where HCV has been cleared, spontaneously or after a successful therapy. As a chronic infection is mostly asymptomatic until the late clinical stages, there is a compelling need to detect active HCV infection by simple and reproducible methods...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601295/diagnosis-is-now-indexed-in-pubmed
#13
EDITORIAL
Mark L Graber, Giuseppe Lippi, Mario Plebani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 28, 2018: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29579081/genetics-in-tnf-tnfr-pathway-a-complex-network-causing-spondyloarthritis-and-conditioning-response-to-anti-tnf%C3%AE-therapy
#14
Ada Aita, Daniela Basso, Roberta Ramonda, Stefania Moz, Mariagrazia Lorenzin, Filippo Navaglia, Carlo-Federico Zambon, Andrea Padoan, Mario Plebani, Leonardo Punzi
OBJECTIVES: We investigated whether polymorphisms (SNPs) in the promoter region of TNFA, or in the autoinflammatory TNFRSF1A and MEFV genes, concur with HLA-B27 in enhancing the risk of Spondyloarthritis (SpA) and/or in predicting the response to anti-TNFα treatment. METHODS: 373 controls and 137 SpA (82 with Psoriatic Arthritis-PsA and 55 with Ankylosing Spondylitis- AS; 98/137 under TNFα inhibitor therapy) from the Veneto Region (Italy) were studied. TNFA polymorphisms (-1031T>C;-857C>T;-376G>A;-308G>A;-238G>A) and HLA-B27 were assayed by RT-PCR...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548924/measurement-uncertainty-in-laboratory-reports-a-tool-for-improving-the-interpretation-of-test-results
#15
Andrea Padoan, Laura Sciacovelli, Ada Aita, Giorgia Antonelli, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: Measurement uncertainty (MU) estimation has been introduced by ISO 15189 for the accreditation of clinical laboratories. Although MU reporting is not required, its inclusion in medical reports is of potential assistance to physicians in results interpretation. METHODS: MU reporting was evaluated with respect to different test purposes, namely comparison with reference intervals (RI), patient monitoring or comparison with clinical decision limits. Clinical Biochemistry, Hematology, Coagulation and Clinical Immunology measurands were used as examples...
March 13, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29546738/multidimensional-prognostic-index-mpi-and-proadrenomedullin-plasma-levels-in-predicting-one-month-mortality-risk-in-older-patients-hospitalized-with-community-acquired-pneumonia-cap-a-prospective-study
#16
Alberto Pilotto, Simone Dini, Nicola Veronese, Julia Daragjati, Manuela Miolo, Monica M Mion, Andrea Fontana, Mario Lo Storto, Martina Zaninotto, Giada Bragato, Alberto Cella, Paolo Carraro, Filomena Addante, Massimiliano Copetti, Mario Plebani
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the prognostic accuracy of pro-ADM (adrenomedullin) in comparison with and in addition to the Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI), a validated predictive tool for mortality derived from a Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA), to predict one-month mortality risk in older patients hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). METHODS: All patients aged 65 years and older, consecutively admitted to an acute geriatric ward with a diagnosis of CAP from February to July 2012...
March 15, 2018: Panminerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536942/laboratory-related-errors-you-cannot-manage-what-you-don-t-measure-you-manage-what-you-know-and-measure
#17
EDITORIAL
Ada Aita, Laura Sciacovelli, Mario Plebani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 27, 2017: Diagnosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29486186/clinical-usefulness-of-glycated-albumin-in-the-diagnosis-of-diabetes-results-from-an-italian-study
#18
Chiara Bellia, Martina Zaninotto, Chiara Cosma, Luisa Agnello, Giulia Bivona, Mariela Marinova, Bruna Lo Sasso, Mario Plebani, Marcello Ciaccio
OBJECTIVES: Glycated Albumin (GA) has been proposed as a screening marker for diabetes in Asian countries in the last years. Nevertheless, few studies have been conducted in Caucasian population. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical usefulness of GA in diabetes diagnosis in Caucasian asymptomatic subjects considered at risk of diabetes based on medical history and Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG). DESIGN AND METHODS: Three hundred and thirty-four Caucasian subjects having one or more risk factor for diabetes, and/or FPG ranging from 5...
April 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427552/quality-and-future-of-clinical-laboratories-the-vico-s-whole-cyclical-theory-of-the-recurring-cycles
#19
Mario Plebani
In the last few decades, laboratory medicine has undergone monumental changes, and laboratory technology, which has made enormous advances, now has new clinical applications thanks to the identification of a growing number of biomarkers and risk factors conducive to the promotion of predictive and preventive interventions that have enhanced the role of laboratory medicine in health care delivering. However, the paradigm shift in the past 50 years has led to a gap between laboratory and clinic, with an increased risk of inappropriateness in test request and interpretation, as well as the consolidation of analytical work in focused factories and megastructurers oriented only toward achieving greater volumes, decreasing cost per test and generating a vision of laboratory services as simple commodities...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29402416/what-information-on-measurement-uncertainty-should-be-communicated-to-clinicians-and-how
#20
REVIEW
Mario Plebani, Laura Sciacovelli, Daniela Bernardi, Ada Aita, Giorgia Antonelli, Andrea Padoan
The communication of laboratory results to physicians and the quality of reports represent fundamental requirements of the post-analytical phase in order to assure the right interpretation and utilization of laboratory information. Accordingly, the International Standard for clinical laboratories accreditation (ISO 15189) requires that "laboratory reports shall include the information necessary for the interpretation of the examination results". Measurement uncertainty (MU) is an inherent property of any quantitative measurement result which express the lack of knowledge of the true value and quantify the uncertainty of a result, incorporating the factors known to influence it...
February 2, 2018: Clinical Biochemistry
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