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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792496/the-big-two-personality-traits-and-adolescents-complete-mental-health-the-mediation-role-of-perceived-school-stress
#1
Lili Tian, Siyi Jiang, E Scott Huebner
Based on Greenspoon and Saklofske's (2001) dual-factor model of mental health, we defined adolescents' mental health as comprised of two distinguishable factors: positive and negative mental health. We tested the direct relations between the Eysenck's (1967) Big Two personality traits (Extraversion and Neuroticism) and positive and negative mental health, and explored the mediation effects of perceived school stress in accounting for the relations. Direct and indirect relations were estimated by using structural equation modeling with data from 1,009 Chinese adolescents in a 3-wave study...
May 24, 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792072/contextualizing-acculturative-stress-among-latino-immigrants-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review
#2
Venera Bekteshi, Sung-Wan Kang
PURPOSE: This systematic review of the literature informed of (a) the relationship between acculturation and acculturative stress, (b) examined the determinants of acculturative stress among Latino immigrants in the U.S., and (c) provided a conceptual framework that can be used to specify the interactive effect of various factors on acculturative stress. METHODS: Using Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA), this review synthesized the results of thirty studies published between 2000 and 2015 that investigated the influence of several socio-demographic and cultural contexts on acculturative stress among Latino immigrants categorized using Family Stress Management (FSM) theory as a framework...
May 23, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#3
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788877/contribution-of-nrf2-in-gastrointestinal-protection-from-oxidative-injury
#4
Akinori Yanaka
The human gastrointestinal tract is exposed to a variety of toxic agents, such as Helicobacter pylori (H.pylori), nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), gastric acid, enteric pathogenic bacteria, excessive auto immune reactions, and chronic mental stresses. These stressors generate free radicals within the gastrointestinal tissues, causing chronic inflammatory diseases, ulcers, cancers, and functional disturbances. Recent studies have demonstrated that some natural food compounds upregulate the nuclear factor erythroid 2-related factor 2-mediated antioxidant system, ameliorating or preventing these disorders...
May 21, 2018: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788506/experiences-and-career-intentions-of-combat-deployed-uk-military-personnel
#5
R Morris-Butler, N Jones, N Greenberg, B Campion, S Wessely
Background: Most studies of the psychological impact of military deployment focus on the negative and traumatic aspects. Less is known about the full range of deployment experiences nor how these may impact on career intentions. Aims: To examine subjective operational experiences and career intentions in deployed UK military personnel using data gathered toward the end of an operational deployment. Methods: Data were gathered during deployment in Iraq and Afghanistan...
May 17, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788489/contribution-of-mental-and-physical-disorders-to-disability-in-military-personnel
#6
P J H Beliveau, D Boulos, M A Zamorski
Background: Combat operations in Southwest Asia have exposed millions of military personnel to risk of mental disorders and physical injuries, including traumatic brain injury (TBI). The contribution of specific disorders to disability is, however, uncertain. Aims: To estimate the contributions of mental and physical health conditions to disability in military personnel. Methods: The sample consisted of military personnel who participated in the cross-sectional 2013 Canadian Forces Mental Health Survey...
May 19, 2018: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788128/sleep-patterns-and-problems-among-army-national-guard-soldiers
#7
Lucas P Hansen, Caroline Kinskey, Erin Koffel, Melissa Polusny, John Ferguson, Sonja Schmer-Galunder, Christopher R Erbes
Introduction: Adequate sleep plays an integral role in the physical and mental health of individuals, while simultaneously influencing their cognitive and work performance. Having recognized this, the U.S. Army has focused efforts on improving soldiers' healthy sleep behaviors. This study examines the extent to which mental health, alcohol use, and certain sleep hygiene behaviors predict sleep problems within an Army National Guard sample (N = 438). Materials and Methods: This manuscript is part of a larger study approved through the Minneapolis Veterans Affairs Medical Center Institutional Review Board...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788111/acute-assessment-of-traumatic-brain-injury-and-post-traumatic-stress-after-exposure-to-a-deployment-related-explosive-blast
#8
Monty T Baker, John C Moring, Willie J Hale, Jim Mintz, Stacey Young-McCaughan, Richard A Bryant, Donna K Broshek, Jeffrey T Barth, Robert Villarreal, Cynthia L Lancaster, Steffany L Malach, Jose M Lara-Ruiz, William Isler, Alan L Peterson
Introduction: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are two of the signature injuries in military service members who have been exposed to explosive blasts during deployments to Iraq and Afghanistan. Acute stress disorder (ASD), which occurs within 2-30 d after trauma exposure, is a more immediate psychological reaction predictive of the later development of PTSD. Most previous studies have evaluated service members after their return from deployment, which is often months or years after the initial blast exposure...
May 18, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786898/adults-with-comorbid-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-alcohol-use-disorder-and-opioid-use-disorder-the-effectiveness-of-modified-prolonged-exposure
#9
Kelly R Peck, Julie A Schumacher, Paul R Stasiewicz, Scott F Coffey
Opioid use disorders (OUDs) are a growing problem in the United States. When OUDs co-occur with problematic drinking and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), negative drug-related mental and physical health outcomes may be exacerbated. Thus, it is important to establish whether PTSD treatments with established efficacy for dually diagnosed individuals also demonstrate efficacy in individuals who engage in problematic drinking and concurrent opioid misuse. Adults who met DSM-IV-TR criteria for PTSD and alcohol dependence were recruited from a substance use treatment facility and were randomly assigned to receive either modified prolonged exposure (mPE) therapy for PTSD or a non-trauma-focused comparison treatment...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Traumatic Stress
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786495/occupational-moral-injury-and-mental-health-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Victoria Williamson, Sharon A M Stevelink, Neil Greenberg
BACKGROUND: Many people confront potentially morally injurious experiences (PMIEs) in the course of their work which can violate deeply held moral values or beliefs, putting them at risk for psychological difficulties (e.g. post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), depression, etc.).AimsWe aimed to assess the effect of moral injury on mental health outcomes. METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the association between work-related PMIEs and mental health disorders...
June 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784221/do-psychological-characteristics-of-mothers-predict-parenting-stress-a-cross-sectional-study-among-mothers-of-children-with-different-disabilities
#11
Badroddin Najmi, Zahra Heidari, Awat Feizi, Silva Hovsepian, Farzaneh Momeni, Seied Mohammad Masood Azhar
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: We aimed at assessing the parenting stress levels among mothers of children with different disabilities and its association with various mothers' psychological characteristics. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, 302 mothers of 6-12years old children suffering from sensory motor mental, chronic physical and psychological disabilities were enrolled. Parenting stress, coping stratyles, marital satisfaction and psychological problems of mothers were assessed using validated questionnaires...
June 2018: Archives of Psychiatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782531/discrimination-and-distress-among-afghan-refugees-in-northern-california-the-moderating-role-of-pre-and-post-migration-factors
#12
Qais Alemi, Carl Stempel
This study investigates the effect of perceived discrimination on the mental health of Afghan refugees, and secondly, tests the distress moderating effects of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-resettlement adjustment factors. In a cross-sectional design, 259 Afghans completed surveys assessing perceived discrimination and a number of other factors using scales developed through inductive techniques. Multivariable analyses consisted of a series of hierarchical regressions testing the effect of perceived discrimination on distress, followed by a sequential analysis of moderator variables...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782478/the-therapeutic-relationship-enhancing-referrals
#13
Mary Kathleen Coyle
PURPOSE: This article focuses on the ways rehabilitation nurses use the therapeutic relationship to lessen barriers some veterans experience when a referral to mental health treatment is recommended. DESIGN: Veterans presenting with posttraumatic stress symptoms are discussed, and possible interventions within the therapeutic relationship are proposed. METHOD: Veterans' perception of mental health stigma, building a collaborative therapeutic relationship, recommending a referral and assessments of stress responses, posttraumatic stress symptoms, suicide risk, and intervention strategies are proposed...
May 19, 2018: Rehabilitation Nursing: the Official Journal of the Association of Rehabilitation Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781683/tuberculosis-non-communicable-disease-comorbidity-and-multimorbidity-in-public-primary-care-patients-in-south-africa
#14
Karl Peltzer
BACKGROUND:  Little is known about the prevalence of non-communicable disease (NCD) multimorbidity among tuberculosis (TB) patients in Africa.Aim and setting: The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of NCD multimorbidity, its pattern and impact on adverse health outcomes among patients with TB in public primary care in three selected districts of South Africa. METHODS:  In a cross-sectional survey, new TB and TB retreatment patients were interviewed, and medical records assessed in consecutive sampling within 1 month of anti-TB treatment...
April 11, 2018: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781629/finding-peace-of-mind-when-there-still-is-so-much-left-undone-a-diary-study-on-how-job-stress-competence-need-satisfaction-and-proactive-work-behavior-contribute-to-work-related-rumination-during-the-weekend
#15
Oliver Weigelt, Christine J Syrek, Antje Schmitt, Tina Urbach
Unfinished work tasks have been identified as a significant job-related stressor in recent occupational stress research. Extending this research, we examine how and when not finishing one's tasks by the end of the work week affects work-related rumination at the weekend. Drawing on control theory, we examined competence need satisfaction as a mediating mechanism that links unfinished tasks at the end of the work week to work-related rumination at the weekend. Furthermore, we scrutinized whether proactive work behavior within the work week may neutralize the detrimental effects of unfinished tasks on competence need satisfaction and rumination...
May 21, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781526/the-correlation-between-occupational-stress-coping-strategies-and-the-levels-of-psychological-distress-among-nurses-working-in-mental-health-hospital-in-jordan
#16
Abd Alhadi Hasan, Hussein Tumah
PURPOSE: Psychiatric nurses encounter variety of demanding and stressful events such as dealing with aggressive patients, and hostile. This study purposed to assess workplace stress, coping strategies, and psychiatric distress among psychiatric nurses. DESIGN AND METHODS: A descriptive explanatory design was employed. One hundred and nineteen psychiatric nurses were recruited in the study and data were collected in the period between June and September 2017. FINDINGS: The results showed that participants experienced moderate level of occupational stress and psychiatric distress...
May 21, 2018: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779549/care-coordinators-in-integrated-care-burnout-risk-perceived-supports-and-job-satisfaction
#17
Melanie Au, Matthew Kehn, Henry Ireys, Crystal Blyler, Jonathan Brown
INTRODUCTION: This study examined burnout risk and job satisfaction reported by care coordinators in three programs integrating physical and behavioral health care; it also assessed the relationship between job support and burnout and the organizational supports helpful to care coordinators. METHODS: As part of an evaluation of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' Health Care Innovation Awards, the research team performed secondary data analysis of interviews conducted with staff (including care coordinators) in three integrated behavioral health models in 2014 and 2015 (n=88, n=69); focus groups with care coordinators in 2015 (n=3); and a survey of care coordinators in 2015 (n=231) that included the Maslach Burnout Inventory...
June 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778986/breaking-through-the-dilemma-of-whether-to-continue-nursing-newly-graduated-nurses-experiences-of-work-challenges
#18
Hwey-Fang Liang, Chun-Chih Lin, Kuang-Ming Wu
BACKGROUND: Newly graduated nurses (NGNs) often encounter unique work challenges. PURPOSE: To discover Taiwanese NGNs' experiences of work challenges. METHOD: An interpretive qualitative design was chosen. In-depth interviews were completed with 25 NGNs working in clinical settings in Taiwan. Data were analyzed using content analysis. RESULTS: The essential structure of NGNs' experiences of work challenges was described as struggling and breaking through the dilemma of deciding whether to continue nursing or quit...
May 4, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778018/phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-anti-depressant-medicinal-plants-a-review
#19
REVIEW
Jeanette Martins, Brijesh S
Stress renders an individual to experience mental pressure and exhaustion which brings about feelings of anxiety, depression, anger and/or other negative emotions. Depression affects a person's state of mind, behaviour, health and is often associated with suicide. The use of anti-depressant drugs as therapeutic agents is associated with symptoms such as, delayed onset of action, side-effects, drug-drug and dietary interactions, sexual dysfunction, cardiac toxicity, etc. Thus, there is need to target these issues and improve current treatment options...
May 16, 2018: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778017/the-preconception-care-experiences-of-women-with-epilepsy-on-sodium-valproate
#20
Lorna Lawther, Helen Dolk, Marlene Sinclair, Jim Morrow
PURPOSE: To understand the preconception experiences of women with epilepsy who have been taking the teratogenic drug valproate. METHODS: Seven women were recruited, three from a preconception clinic and four from an antenatal clinic in a region of the UK. All had taken valproate preconceptionally. Three preconception clinic encounters were observed and audio-recorded. Interviews with all women were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). RESULTS: Women experienced a "trajectory of balance"...
May 16, 2018: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
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