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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933574/-long-term-hrv-analysis-shows-stress-reduction-by-magnesium-intake
#1
Elmar Wienecke, Claudia Nolden
BACKGROUND: Mental pressure and stress represent an ever-increasing socio-political challenge. The heart rate variability (HRV) measurement, which has its origin in the cardiac function diagnosis, gives information on the neurovegetative activity. A low HRV shows an imbalance of the sympathetic and parasympathetic efferents and thus is an indicator of stress. METHOD: A randomized, controlled, two-armed parallel study with 100 participants and a period of 90 days was performed...
December 2016: MMW Fortschritte der Medizin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933098/psychosomatic-problems-among-medical-students-a-myth-or-reality
#2
J M Chinawa, Ada R C Nwokocha, Pius C Manyike, Awoere Tamunosiki Chinawa, Elias C Aniwada, Appolos Chidi Ndukuba
BACKGROUND: Medical students are exposed to stress and this can predispose them to psychological and behavioral consequences. METHODS: Psychosomatic disorders were investigated among 385 medical students from two teaching hospitals using a stratified random sampling. The Enugu somatization Scale (ESS) was used to evaluate for presence of somatization in the participants. Statistical analysis was done with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPPS) version 19 (Chicago IL)...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932080/vitamin-c-impacts-anxiety-like-behavior-and-stress-induced-anorexia-relative-to-social-environment-in-smp30-gnl-knockout-mice
#3
Miwako Koizumi, Yoshitaka Kondo, Ayumi Isaka, Akihito Ishigami, Emiko Suzuki
The role of endogenous vitamin C (VC) in emotion and psychiatric measures has long been uncertain. We aimed to investigate how an individual's VC status impacts his or her mental health. Our hypothesis is that body VC levels modulate anxiety, anorexia, and depressive phenotypes under the influence of psychosocial rearing environments and sex. The VC status of senescence marker protein-30/gluconolactonase knockout mice, which lack the ability to synthesize VC, were continuously shifted from adequate (VC+) to depleted (VC-) by providing a water with or without VC...
November 17, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932020/night-eating-syndrome-and-the-severity-of-self-reported-depressive-symptoms-from-the-korea-nurses-health-study-analysis-of-propensity-score-matching-and-ordinal-regression
#4
O-S Kim, M S Kim, J E Lee, H Jung
OBJECTIVES: The prevalence of night-eating syndrome (NES) and depression is increasing worldwide. Although nurses, in particular, are exposed to work in an environment of irregular eating, shift work, and stressful settings, limited research exist. In fact, the prevalence of NES among Korean nurses has never been reported. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of NES as well as the association between NES and severity of self-reported depressive symptoms among South Korean female nurses...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931783/reduced-p3b-brain-response-during-sustained-visual-attention-is-associated-with-remote-blast-mtbi-and-current-ptsd-in-u-s-military-veterans
#5
Casey S Gilmore, Craig A Marquardt, Seung Suk Kang, Scott R Sponheim
Approximately 275,000 American service members deployed to Iraq or Afghanistan have sustained a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), with 75% of these incidents involving an explosive blast. Combat-related mTBI is frequently associated with comorbid mental health disorders, especially posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Attention problems, including sustained attention, are common cognitive complaints of veterans with TBI and PTSD. The present study sought to examine neural correlates of sustained attention in veterans with blast mTBI and/or current PTSD...
December 5, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930964/differences-in-psychiatric-symptoms-and-barriers-to-mental-health-care-between-volunteer-and-career-firefighters
#6
Ian H Stanley, Joseph W Boffa, Melanie A Hom, Nathan A Kimbrel, Thomas E Joiner
Firefighters are at increased risk for mental health problems. However, little is known about differences in psychiatric symptoms between volunteer and career firefighters. This study aimed to (1) describe differences in psychiatric symptoms and barriers to mental health care between U.S. firefighters in volunteer-only and career-only departments; and (2) determine if greater self-reported structural barriers to mental health care (e.g., cost, availability of resources) explain the differences in psychiatric symptom levels...
November 28, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930918/health-effects-of-informal-caregiving-across-europe-a-longitudinal-approach
#7
Judith Kaschowitz, Martina Brandt
Due to an expected increase of people in need of care, sound knowledge about health effects of informal care provision is becoming more and more important. Theoretically, there might be positive as well as negative health effects due to caregiving to relatives. Moreover, we suppose that such health effects differ by national context - since care is differently organized in Europe - and depend on the social setting in which the care relationship takes place. Using data from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement (SHARE, waves 1, 2, 3, and 5) and from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA, waves 2-5) we examined the connection between informal caregiving and self-perceived as well as mental health in a country comparative perspective...
November 27, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930500/effect-of-rivastigmine-augmentation-in-treatment-of-male-patients-with-combat-related-chronic-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Amir Rezaei Ardani, Golkoo Hosseini, Mohammad Reza Fayyazi Bordbar, Ali Talaei, Hesam Mostafavi Toroghi
BACKGROUND: Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is one of the chronic and disabling psychiatric disorders, particularly in combat veterans. In a case series, rivastigmine was suggested to be an effective augmentation in treatment of PTSD. The aim of the present study was to evaluate this finding in a randomized controlled trial. METHOD: A 12-week, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was performed on 36 male patients (aged 42-60 years) diagnosed with chronic, combat-related PTSD...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929700/the-mediating-effects-of-coping-strategies-on-the-relationship-between-secondary-traumatic-stress-and-burnout-in-professional-caregivers-in-the-uae
#9
Abdalla A R M Hamid, Saif A Musa
BACKGROUND: Professional caregivers dealing with traumatized victims or mental health clients are at increased risk for developing the same symptoms as persons who are exposed directly to the trauma. AIMS: This research was aimed at examining the relationship between secondary traumatic stress, burnout and coping strategies in 502 professional caregivers who work in schools, hospitals, charity institutes and welfare centers in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A further aim was to test the mediating effect of coping on the relationship between burnout and secondary traumatic stress...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929690/comparison-of-the-center-for-epidemiology-studies-depression-scale-and-beck-depression-inventory-for-research-with-latinas
#10
Melinda Bogardus
U.S. Latino farmworkers face multiple potential stressors. Research on the mental health status of this U.S. Latino subgroup has suggested high prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms when compared to other groups. Latina farmworkers may be at greater risk than their male counterparts for poor mental health because they confront many of the same stressors but may experience additional difficulties including domestic violence, taking on new roles and responsibilities on top of traditional ones, and being expected to maintain the health and integrity of their families at the expense of their own needs...
December 8, 2016: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929309/is-posttraumatic-growth-trauma-specific-invariance-across-trauma-and-stressor-exposed-groups
#11
Madison W Silverstein, Daniel J Lee, Tracy K Witte, Frank W Weathers
OBJECTIVE: Posttraumatic growth (PTG), or multidimensional positive change following a traumatic event (TE), is conceptualized as qualitatively distinct from growth following a nontraumatic stressful event (NTSE; Tedeschi & Calhoun, 2004; Zoellner & Maercker, 2006). However, the degree to which PTG is a trauma-specific phenomenon has yet to be established. Although research indicates that individuals who experience TEs endorse greater PTG than those who experience NTSEs (Kastenmüller et al...
December 8, 2016: Psychological Trauma: Theory, Research, Practice and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929299/examining-moderators-of-discrimination-and-subjective-well-being-among-lgb-individuals
#12
Richard P Douglass, Sarah E Conlin, Ryan D Duffy, Blake A Allan
Research has found perceived discrimination to be a risk factor for mental health concerns among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) people, but less clarity exists linking perceived discrimination with well-being outcomes. Building from Meyer's (2003) minority stress model, the present study examined the links between perceived discrimination and the 3 components of subjective well-being: positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. Self-esteem and stigma consciousness were explored as empirically and theoretically implied moderators...
December 8, 2016: Journal of Counseling Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928523/quality-of-life-in-elderly-iranian-population-using-the-qol-brief-questionnaire-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani, Sima Nedjat, Parvin Cheraghi, Saharnaz Nedjat
BACKGROUND: Due to the increase in the elderly population in different societies, their primary needs, physical and mental health, and quality of life, is important. This study aimed to estimate the overall mean score of the QOL based on the Qol-Brief questionnaire in the elderly population of Iran. METHODS: The international and national databases, including; Medline, Scopus, Science Direct, MagIran, and SID were searched up to Feb 2015. All studies, addressed the quality of life among the healthy Iranian elderly population using WHO-QOL-BRIEF questionnaire, were included...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928251/%C3%A2-factors-affecting-the-choice-of-psychiatry-as-a-specialty-in-%C3%A2-psychiatry-residents-in-iran
#14
Seyed Saeed Sadr, Razieh Nayerifard, Seyed Mehdi Samimi Ardestani, Massood Namjoo
Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the current factors affecting the choice of ‎psychiatry as a specialty and to detect the main factors in their choice.‎ Method: This descriptive study included 75 first year psychiatry residents in the academic year of ‎‎2014/2015. A Likert-type anonymous questionnaire consisting of academic and ‎demographic data with 43 questions, which evaluated the reason for choosing ‎psychiatry as a specialty, was given to the residents.‎ Results: The participants had a positive opinion about 28 items of the questionnaire, meaning that ‎these items had a positive effect in choosing psychiatry as a specialty (questions with P ‎value less than 0...
July 2016: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927031/challenges-for-females-with-high-functioning-autism-in-the-workplace-a-systematic-review
#15
Susan M Hayward, Keith R McVilly, Mark A Stokes
PURPOSE: Individuals with High Functioning Autism (HFA) experience high levels of underemployment and unemployment, resulting in negative economic, social, and health outcomes. Given what is known about labor market participation difficulties experienced by women generally, and the paucity of research concerning women with HFA, this systematic review synthesized what is known about the labor market experiences of women with HFA. METHOD: A systematic review of the literature concerning adult females with HFA in relation to the workplace yielded 1947 results; 11 met inclusion criteria being based on original data, but not necessarily focusing solely on women...
December 7, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925776/providers-and-administrators-perceptions-of-complementary-and-integrative-health-practices-across-the-veterans-health-administration
#16
Carol E Fletcher, Allison R Mitchinson, Erika Trumble, Daniel B Hinshaw, Jeffery A Dusek
OBJECTIVES: Use of complementary and integrative health (CIH) therapies is being promoted by the Veterans Health Administration (VA), but promotion may not equate to adoption. The purpose of this study was to explore whether perceptions regarding CIH at one VA medical center (VAMC) were similar to perceptions from a sample of other VAMCs. DESIGN: This article reports a subset of qualitative findings from a mixed-methods study. SETTING/PARTICIPANTS: Sites were recruited through a VA-wide CIH listserver...
December 7, 2016: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924635/performance-feedback-self-esteem-and-cardiovascular-adaptation-to-recurring-stressors
#17
Eoin G Brown, Ann-Marie Creaven
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: This study sought to examine the effects of performance feedback and individual differences in self-esteem on cardiovascular habituation to repeat stress exposure. METHODS: Sixty-six university students (n = 39 female) completed a self-esteem measure and completed a cardiovascular stress-testing protocol involving repeated exposure to a mental arithmetic task. Cardiovascular functioning was sampled across four phases: resting baseline, initial stress exposure, a recovery period, and repeated stress exposure...
December 7, 2016: Anxiety, Stress, and Coping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924461/life-satisfaction-and-hemodynamic-reactivity-to-mental-stress
#18
Andreas Schwerdtfeger, Kerstin Gaisbachgrabner, Claudia Traunmüller
BACKGROUND: Satisfaction with life has been considered a health-protective variable, which could impact cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. However, few studies have examined the physiological pathways involved in the potentially salutary effect of life satisfaction. It was hypothesized that life satisfaction should be associated with a cardiovascular response profile that signals challenge (i.e., higher cardiac output, lower peripheral resistance), rather than threat during a mental stress task...
December 6, 2016: Annals of Behavioral Medicine: a Publication of the Society of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923347/subjective-burden-among-spousal-and-adult-child-informal-caregivers-of-older-adults-results-from-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#19
Marloes Oldenkamp, Mariët Hagedoorn, Joris Slaets, Ronald Stolk, Rafael Wittek, Nynke Smidt
BACKGROUND: Pressures on informal caregivers are likely to increase due to increasing life expectancy and health care costs, which stresses the importance of prevention of subjective burden. The present study examined the correlates of overall subjective burden and multiple burden dimensions among spousal and adult-child caregivers of Dutch older adults, both cross-sectional and longitudinal (12-months follow-up). METHODS: In 2010 and 2011 baseline and follow-up data was collected in a sample of informal caregivers and care recipients in the Northern provinces of the Netherlands...
December 7, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923339/-mental-health-in-children-from-families-seeking-asylum-in-mecklenburg-western-pomerania-2007-2009-personal-and-contextual-risk-factors
#20
Olaf Reis, Petra Jung, Frank Häßler
Mental Health in Children from Families Seeking Asylum in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania 2007-2009 - Personal and Contextual Risk Factors The study presented describes severity and conditions of various psychiatric symptoms in children from families seeking refuge in Germany 2007-2009 and registered in the province of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. Mothers of 58 children (aged 12 years on average, 23 girls, 33 boys) answered the items of the Child Behavior Checklist (Achenbach, 1991). First, the burden of disease among refugee children was compared to standard burdens of German children...
December 2016: Praxis der Kinderpsychologie und Kinderpsychiatrie
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