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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530646/the-relevance-of-the-age-of-transfused-blood-for-prognosis-after-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-tavi
#1
Katarzyna Czerwińska-Jelonkiewicz, Magdalena Łętowska, Adam Witkowski, Walerian Piotrowski, Marta Załęska-Kocięcka, Janina Stępińska
INTRODUCTION    Blood transfusion after transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) is frequently required due to the high vulnerability of TAVI population and procedure related bleeding.  OBJECTIVES    We quantified the impact of post-procedural blood transfusion and the age of transfused red blood cells (RBC) units on prognosis after TAVI.  PATIENTS AND METHODS    This was a single-center, observational analysis conducted between 2009-2014. The adopted end points were early and long-term mortality after TAVI...
May 22, 2017: Polish Archives of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530624/-buccal-mucosa-graft-for-the-treatment-of-long-ureteral-stenosis-bibliographic-review
#2
Gema Del Pozo Jiménez, Ignacio Castillón-Vela, Joaquín Carballido Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: To perform a literature review on the use of buccal mucosa graft (BMG) in the treatment of extensive ureteral stenosis, according to the criteria of Evidence Based Medicine. METHODS: Pubmed search of published studies with the following keywords: "ureteral stricture treatment", "buccal mucosa graft ureteral treatment" and "buccal mucosa graft ureteroplasty", without time limits, in English and Spanish; 12 articles were identified with a total of 48 cases (46 patients) of BMG use in ureteral repair...
May 2017: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530316/-radiosurgery-for-pituitary-adenomas
#3
REVIEW
Or Cohen-Inbar
Pituitary adenomas represent one of the most common types of intracranial tumors, accounting for 10-20% of intracranial tumors. While their macroscopic appearance and anatomical location are relatively homogeneous, pituitary tumors differ widely, generating a variety of neurological and endocrine clinical sequelae. Treatment options include hormone suppressive medical therapy, microscopic or endoscopic neurosurgical resection, radiosurgery, radiation therapy, or observation depending on the biochemical profile and the clinical status of the patient...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530057/-hansen-s-disease-in-israel
#4
REVIEW
Leon Gilead, Ruth Wexler
Hansen's disease (HD) is an anthropophylic, infectious, chronic disease, caused by Mycobacterium leprae. The systemic disease, affecting both males and females at any age, involves mainly the skin and the peripheral nerves located in the limbs close to the skin. Traditionally the treatment of HD patients was entrusted to dermatologists. Current drug therapy given at an early stage can prevent many of the complications, and enables patients to go on with life. In 95% of the population there is an innate immunity, which following exposure, enables the development of an effective immune response preventing the development of overt clinical disease...
October 2016: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526905/effectiveness-of-acellular-dermal-matrix-on-autologous-split-thickness-skin-graft-in-treatment-of-deep-tissue-defect-esthetic-subjective-and-objective-evaluation
#5
Yoo Jung Lee, Myong Chul Park, Dong Ha Park, Hyung Min Hahn, Sue Min Kim, Il Jae Lee
BACKGROUND: A split-thickness skin graft (STSG) is performed to cover a large full-thickness skin defect. Esthetic and functional deficits can result, and many studies have sought to overcome them. This study compared the effectiveness of the acellular dermal matrix (ADM) graft and STSG concerning esthetic and functional effectiveness of ADM on scar quality. METHODS: Of the patients who underwent anterolateral thigh free flap from 2011 to 2015, patients who received skin graft only (n = 10) or skin graft with ADM (n = 20) for coverage of the donor site were enrolled...
May 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524827/impact-of-human-leukocyte-antigen-loci-and-haplotypes-on-intestinal-acute-graft-versus-host-disease-after-human-leukocyte-antigen-matched-sibling-peripheral-blood-stem-cell-transplantation
#6
Fa-Hong Yan, Mei Wang, Jian-Feng Yao, Er-Lie Jiang, Ming-Zhe Han
BACKGROUND: Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGVHD) is a common and severe complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT). Some studies have found that the presence of certain specific human leukocyte antigen (HLA) loci could affect the occurrence of aGVHD. Meanwhile, the impact of HLA haplotypes on aGVHD has been rarely studied. This study aimed to investigate the effects of HLA loci and haplotypes on intestinal aGVHD. METHODS: Totally, 345 consecutive patients undergoing first HLA-matched sibling peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT) from February 2004 to June 2013 at Institute of Hematology and Blood Diseases Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, were enrolled in this study...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524124/-endoscopic-endonasal-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-skull-base-meningoencephalocele
#7
D N Kapitanov, E V Shelesko, A A Potapov, A D Kravchuk, D N Zinkevich, M V Nersesyan, L A Satanin, A V Sakharov, G V Danilov
PURPOSE: The study purpose was to determine the successful outcome rate of endoscopic endonasal reconstruction of skull base CSF fistulas with removal of meningocele as well as analyze disease relapses. The second purpose of the study was to describe the treatment outcomes, depending on the type, location, and size of meningocele as well as on a technique used to reconstruct the skull base defect. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three hundred and eleven patients diagnosed with cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea who underwent surgery at the Burdenko Neurosurgical Institute in the period between 2007 and 2014 were retrospectively analyzed...
2017: Zhurnal Voprosy Neĭrokhirurgii Imeni N. N. Burdenko
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522901/transition-of-early-phase-treatment-for-acute-pancreatitis-an-analysis-of-nationwide-epidemiological-survey
#8
EDITORIAL
Shin Hamada, Atsushi Masamune, Tooru Shimosegawa
Treatment of acute pancreatitis (AP) is one of the critical challenges to the field of gastroenterology because of its high mortality rate and high medical costs associated with the treatment of severe cases. Early-phase treatments for AP have been optimized in Japan, and clinical guidelines have been provided. However, changes in early-phase treatments and the relationship between treatment strategy and clinical outcome remain unclear. Retrospective analysis of nationwide epidemiological data shows that time for AP diagnosis has shortened, and the amount of initial fluid resuscitation has increased over time, indicating the compliance with guidelines...
April 28, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520959/the-effects-of-gender-on-electrical-therapies-for-the-heart-procedural-considerations-results-and-complications-a-report-from-the-xii-congress-of-the-italian-association-on-arrhythmology-and-cardiostimulation-aiac
#9
Igor Diemberger, Raffaella Marazzi, Michela Casella, Francesca Vassanelli, Paola Galimberti, Mario Luzi, Alessio Borrelli, Ezio Soldati, Pier Giorgio Golzio, Stefano Fumagalli, Pietro Francia, Luigi Padeletti, Gianluca Botto, Giuseppe Boriani
Use of cardiac implantable devices and catheter ablation is steadily increasing in Western countries following the positive results of clinical trials. Despite the advances in scientific knowledge, tools development, and techniques improvement we still have some grey area in the field of electrical therapies for the heart. In particular, several reports highlighted differences both in medical behaviour and procedural outcomes between female and male candidates. Women are referred later for catheter ablation of supraventricular arrhythmias, especially atrial fibrillation, leading to suboptimal results...
May 17, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515593/role-of-penumbra-mechanical-thrombectomy-device-in-acute-dural-sinus-thrombosis
#10
Suraj Mammen, Shyamkumar Nidugala Keshava, Vinu Moses, Sanjith Aaron, Munawwar Ahmed, George K Chiramel, Sunithi E Mani, Mathew Alexander
BACKGROUND: In dural venous sinus thrombosis (DVST), the mortality ranges 5-30%. Deep venous system involvement and septic dural sinus thrombosis have a higher mortality rate. In acute occlusion, collateral flow may not be established, which may result in significant edema and mass effect. Endovascular interventions may be considered as a treatment option in appropriate high-risk patients with DVST. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eight patients with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)-confirmed dural sinus thrombosis, who did not respond to the conventional standard medical treatment, were subsequently treated with mechanical thrombectomy using the Penumbra System(®)...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512555/assessment-of-obesity-and-hepatic-late-adverse-effects-in-the-egyptian-survivors-of-pediatric-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-single-center-study
#11
Farida H El-Rashedy, Mahmoud A El-Hawy, Sally M El Hefnawy, Mona M Mohammed
BACKGROUND: Childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with current cure rates reaching 80% emphasizes the necessity to determine treatment-related long-term effects. The aim of this study is to estimate the prevalence of overweight, obesity, and hepatic late adverse effects in a cohort of ALL survivors treated at the Hematology and Oncology Unit, Pediatrics Department, Menoufia University, Egypt. METHODS: In this case-control study, height, weight, and body mass index (BMI) were assessed for 35 pediatric ALL survivors and 35 healthy children...
2017: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511466/management-of-cubitus-varus-deformity-in-children-by-closed-dome-osteotomy
#12
Partap Singh Verka, Ujjwal Kejariwal, Bijendra Singh
INTRODUCTION: Supracondylar fractures are the most common elbow injuries in skeletally immature children between 5-10 years of age and cubitus varus deformity is the most common late complication. Cubitus varus or bow elbow or gunstock deformity is the result of malunion occurring as a complication of supracondylar fracture of the humerus. Various type of corrective osteotomies are used of which lateral closed wedge French osteotomy is commomly used which has its own complications like lateral condylar prominence, unsightful scar and limitation of movement...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507748/comparison-of-the-pull-and-introducer-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-techniques-in-patients-with-head-and-neck-cancer
#13
Felipe A Retes, Fabio S Kawaguti, Marcelo S de Lima, Bruno da Costa Martins, Ricardo S Uemura, Gustavo A de Paulo, Caterina Mp Pennacchi, Carla Gusmon, Adriana Vs Ribeiro, Elisa R Baba, Sebastian N Geiger, Mauricio P Sorbello, Marco A Kulcsar, Ulysses Ribeiro, Fauze Maluf-Filho
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) in head and neck cancer (HNC) patients is associated with higher complication and mortality rates when compared to a general patient population. The pull technique is still the preferred technique worldwide but it has some limitations. The aim of this study is to compare the pull and introducer PEG techniques in patients with HNC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study is based on a retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected database of 309 patients with HNC who underwent PEG in the Cancer Institute of São Paulo...
April 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505954/manipulative-rehabilitation-applied-soon-after-lumbar-disc-surgery-improves-late-post-operative-functional-disability-a-preliminary-2-year-follow-up-study
#14
Byungho J Kim, Taeyeong Kim, Junghoon Ahn, Heecheol Cho, Dongyun Kim, Bumchul Yoon
BACKGROUND: Studies have shown late post-operative physical disability and residual pain in patients following lumbar disc surgery despite growing evidence of its beneficial effects. Therefore, rehabilitation is required to minimise the late post-operative complications. OBJECTIVE: To assess the feasibility of manipulative rehabilitation to improve late post-operative outcomes. METHODS: Twenty-one patients aged 25-65 years undergoing lumbar microdiscectomy were randomly assigned to the rehabilitation group (n = 14) or active control group (n = 7) by simple randomisation...
May 5, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503259/five-year-outcomes-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-as-a-primary-procedure-for-morbid-obesity-a-prospective-study
#15
Carlos Hoyuela
AIM: To prospectively evaluate the postoperative morbi-mortality and weight loss evolution of patients who underwent a laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) as a primary bariatric procedure during 5 years of follow-up. METHODS: Since 2006, data from patients undergoing a highly restrictive primary LSG have been prospectively registered in a database and analysed. Preoperative co-morbid conditions, operating time, hospital stay, early and late complications rate and evolution of weight loss after 5 years of follow-up were analysed...
April 27, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28502883/comparative-evaluation-of-colonoscopy-assisted-transanal-minimally-invasive-surgery-via-glove-port-and-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-early-rectal-tumor
#16
Weiming Mao, Xiujun Liao, Shuxian Shao, Wenjing Wu, Yanyan Yu, Guangen Yang
BACKGROUND: Early rectal tumor is usually managed by local excision. A novel method-colonoscopy-assisted transanal minimally invasive surgery via glove port (CA-TAMIS-GP)-for resecting early rectal tumor was developed and compared with endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We performed CA-TAMIS-GP surgery on 26 patients from January 2014 to February 2016. For better analysis, we retrospectively collected data from 31 patients who underwent ESD between October 2012 and December 2013; overall, 57 patients diagnosed with early rectal tumor were included in this study...
May 11, 2017: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499892/tocilizumab-for-giant-cell-arteritis-with-corticosteroid-resistant-progressive-anterior-ischemic-optic-neuropathy
#17
Julien Vionnet, Guillaume Buss, Cédric Mayer, Arseny A Sokolov, François-Xavier Borruat, François Spertini
BACKGROUND: Giant cell arteritis is an inflammatory disorder of the medium- and large-size arteries. Permanent visual loss related to arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy is among the most serious complications of this disease and initial treatment usually consists in high dose corticosteroids. There is no consensus in the literature concerning the optimal therapeutic approach in giant cell arteritis patients with corticosteroid-resistant arteritic anterior ischemic optic neuropathy...
May 9, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492062/intraoperative-injection-of-technetium-99m-sulfur-colloid-for-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-single-institution-experience
#18
Julian Berrocal, Lawrence Saperstein, Baiba Grube, Nina R Horowitz, Anees B Chagpar, Brigid K Killelea, Donald R Lannin
Background. Most institutions require a patient undergoing sentinel lymph node biopsy to go through nuclear medicine prior to surgery to be injected with radioisotope. This study describes the long-term results using intraoperative injection of radioisotope. Methods. Since late 2002, all patients undergoing a sentinel lymph node biopsy at the Yale-New Haven Breast Center underwent intraoperative injection of technetium-99m sulfur colloid. Endpoints included number of sentinel and nonsentinel lymph nodes obtained and number of positive sentinel and nonsentinel lymph nodes...
2017: Surgery Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490978/radiobiology-of-stereotactic-body-radiation-therapy-sbrt
#19
REVIEW
Miquel Macià I Garau
Recent advances in the technology of radiotherapy have enabled the development of new therapeutic modalities that deliver radiation with very high accuracy, reduced margins and high dose conformation, allowing the reduction of healthy tissue irradiated and therefore minimizing the risk of toxicity. The next step was to increase the total tumor dose using conventional fractionation (which remains the best way to relatively radioprotect healthy tissues when large volumes are treated) or to use new fractionation schemes with greater biological effectiveness...
March 2017: Reports of Practical Oncology and Radiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489834/endoscopic-gastrostomy-critical-analysis-in-a-regional-referral-hospital
#20
Gabriel Marques Fávaro, Tiago Franco Filho, Diego Soares Coca, Marco Antonio Cunha, Ricardo Sato Uemura, Carlos Kyoshi Furuya Júnior, Dayse Aparício, Everson L A Artifon
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is a safe and effective endoscopic surgical procedure for enteral access and gastrointestinal decompression, and it is an excellent alternative to surgical gastrostomy. There are various clinical indications and these mainly include the need for prolonged enteral nutritional support due to complications from neurological, geriatric and oncological diseases and decompression of the gastrointestinal tract. Although safe and effective, a number of possible complications relating to the time (early or late complications) and severity (minor or major complications) may occur...
January 2017: Revista de Gastroenterología del Perú: órgano Oficial de la Sociedad de Gastroenterología del Perú
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