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Hepatic metastases

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646261/hepatic-arterial-infusion-chemotherapy-for-extensive-liver-metastases-of-breast-cancer-efficacy-safety-and-prognostic-parameters
#1
Mitra Tewes, Michael Wilhelm Peis, Simon Bogner, Jens M Theysohn, Marcus Paul Reinboldt, Martin Schuler, Anja Welt
PURPOSE: Hepatic arterial infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) is an option for patients with liver-predominant metastatic breast cancer (LMBC), when no further systemic treatment is available. But systematic reports are limited. Here we conducted a retrospective analysis of LMBC patients treated at an expert center. METHODS: Individual patient data were retrieved from the clinical data base of the West German Cancer Center. Primary endpoints included hepatic response (RECIST), progression-free survival (PFS), overall survival (OS), and toxicity...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644156/clinical-case-of-the-month-a-57-year-old-man-with-an-axillary-mass
#2
Palak Desai, Andrew Myers, Brian Boulmay, Fred A Lopez
A 57-year-old man presented to the surgical oncology clinic with a mildly tender mass under his right arm. Four years prior, the patient had a melanoma removed from his right shoulder along with an ipsilateral right axillary sentinel lymph sampling. Computed tomography (CT) scan was negative for metastatic disease at that time. The patient did not undergo completion axillary node dissection and was lost to follow-up. The patient was originally from Australia, did not tan but reported multiple sunburns before age 18...
May 2017: Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society: Official Organ of the Louisiana State Medical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639884/loss-of-tumor-suppressor-mir-126-contributes-to-the-development-of-hepatitis-b-virus-related-hepatocellular-carcinoma-metastasis-through-the-upregulation-of-adam9
#3
Le-Yang Xiang, Huo-Hui Ou, Xin-Cheng Liu, Zhan-Jun Chen, Xiang-Hong Li, Yu Huang, Ding-Hua Yang
Hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common histological type of primary liver cancer, which represents the second leading cause of cancer-related mortality. MiR-126 was reported to be downregulated in hepatocellular carcinoma tissues, compared with its levels in noncancerous tissues. However, baseline miR-126 expression levels in hepatitis B virus-related hepatocellular carcinoma patients who did not undergo pre-operational treatment remains unknown since hepatitis B virus infection and pre-operational transcatheter arterial chemoembolization were shown to upregulate miR-126 expression...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638789/multidisciplinary-approach-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastases
#4
REVIEW
Giammaria Fiorentini, Donatella Sarti, Camillo Aliberti, Riccardo Carandina, Andrea Mambrini, Stefano Guadagni
Large bowel cancer is a worldwide public health challenge. More than one third of patients present an advanced stage of disease at diagnosis and the liver is the most common site of metastases. Selection criteria for early diagnosis, chemotherapy and surgery have been recently expanded. The definition of resectability remains unclear. The presence of metastases is the most significant prognostic factor. For this reason the surgical resection of hepatic metastases is the leading treatment. The most appropriate resection approach remains to be defined...
June 10, 2017: World Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637566/evolving-role-of-hepatic-resection-for-metastatic-urologic-malignancies
#5
John B Hamner, Mustafa Raoof, Sinziana Dumitra, Hans F Schoellhammer, Carly Crowder, Philip H G Ituarte, Joseph Kim, Gagandeep Singh
Liver resection for noncolorectal, nonneuroendocrine metastases remains controversial. Here, we evaluate a single institutional experience with hepatic resection for metastatic urologic malignancies. A single-institution review of patients who underwent hepatic resection for metastatic urologic tumors between the years of 2000 and 2013 was performed. Patient charts were analyzed for pathologic data and perioperative outcomes including short- and long-term morbidity, mortality, and overall and disease-free survival...
June 1, 2017: American Surgeon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636427/liver-directed-therapy-in-metastatic-colorectal-cancer
#6
Ciara M Kelly, Nancy E Kemeny
Colorectal cancer is a significant global health issue with over 1 million cases diagnosed annually throughout the world. 15% of patients diagnosed with colorectal cancer will have liver metastases and 60% will develop liver metastases if they have metastatic disease. Oligometastatic colorectal cancer confined to the liver represents an intermediate state in the evolution of metastatic capacity that opens the opportunity for local interventions. Area's covered: The literature supports long-term survival if patients undergo liver resection of colorectal metastases...
June 21, 2017: Expert Review of Anticancer Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634727/safety-and-efficacy-of-chemosaturation-in-patients-with-primary-and-secondary-liver-tumors
#7
Martha M Kirstein, Steffen Marquardt, Nils Jedicke, Silke Marhenke, Wolfgang Koppert, Michael P Manns, Frank Wacker, Arndt Vogel
BACKGROUND: Chemosaturation with percutaneous hepatic perfusion (CS-PHP; hepatic CHEMOSAT(®) delivery system; Delcath Systems Inc, USA) is a novel medical device, which delivers high doses of melphalan directly to the liver in patients with primary and secondary liver tumors while limiting systemic toxicity through hemofiltration of the hepatic venous blood. The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and efficacy of the second-generation CS-PHP after 54 treatments at Hannover Medical School, Germany...
June 20, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632786/diagnostic-accuracy-of-magnetic-resonance-computed-tomography-and-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-in-radiological-multimodality-assessment-of-peribiliary-liver-metastases
#8
Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Orlando Catalano, Antonio Avallone, Raffaele Palaia, Gerardo Botti, Fabiana Tatangelo, Francesco Granata, Marco Cascella, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo
PURPOSE: We compared diagnostic performance of Magnetic Resonance (MR), Computed Tomography (CT) and Ultrasound (US) with (CEUS) and without contrast medium to identify peribiliary metastasis. METHODS: We identified 35 subjects with histological proven peribiliary metastases who underwent CEUS, CT and MR study. Four radiologists evaluated the presence of peribiliary lesions, using a 4-point confidence scale. Echogenicity, density and T1-Weigthed (T1-W), T2-W and Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI) signal intensity as well as the enhancement pattern during contrast studies on CEUS, CT and MR so as hepatobiliary-phase on MRI was assessed...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629572/3t-diffusion-weighted-mri-in-the-response-assessment-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-after-chemotherapy-correlation-between-adc-value-and-histological-tumour-regression-grading
#9
Francescamaria Donati, Piero Boraschi, Federica Pacciardi, Rosa Cervelli, Maura Castagna, Lucio Urbani, Fabio Falaschi, Davide Caramella
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to correlate the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) values of diffusion-weighted MR imaging (DW-MRI) by 3T device with the histological tumour regression grading (TRG) analysis of colorectal liver metastases after preoperative chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study included thirty-five patients with colorectal liver metastases who had undergone MRI by 3T device (GE DISCOVERY MR750; GE Healthcare) after preoperative chemotherapy...
June 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628947/meta-analysis-of-determinants-of-survival-following-treatment-of-recurrent-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#10
REVIEW
S Erridge, P H Pucher, S R Markar, G Malietzis, T Athanasiou, A Darzi, M H Sodergren, L R Jiao
BACKGROUND: Intrahepatic recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) following resection is common. However, no current consensus guidelines exist to inform management decisions in these patients. Systematic review and meta-analysis of survival following different treatment modalities may allow improved treatment selection. This review aimed to identify the optimum treatment strategies for HCC recurrence. METHODS: A systematic review, up to September 2016, was conducted in accordance with MOOSE guidelines...
June 19, 2017: British Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625391/twelve-year-experience-of-radical-but-conservative-liver-surgery-for-colorectal-metastases-impact-on-surgical-practice-and-oncologic-efficacy
#11
Guido Torzilli, Luca Viganò, Andrea Gatti, Guido Costa, Matteo Cimino, Fabio Procopio, Matteo Donadon, Daniele Del Fabbro
BACKGROUND: Liver surgery for colorectal metastases (CLM) is moving toward parenchyma-sparing approaches. The authors reported the technical feasibility of parenchyma-sparing hepatectomy for deeply located tumors, but its impact on daily practice and long-term outcomes remain unclear. METHODS: The patients undergoing liver resection (LR) for CLM with vascular contact (first-/second-order pedicle or hepatic vein (HV) trunk) were considered. Those undergoing major hepatectomy were excluded...
June 16, 2017: HPB: the Official Journal of the International Hepato Pancreato Biliary Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624022/whole-liver-ct-texture-analysis-to-predict-the-development-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-a-multicentre-study
#12
Rianne C J Beckers, Doenja M J Lambregts, Roald S Schnerr, Monique Maas, Sheng-Xiang Rao, Alfons G H Kessels, Thomas Thywissen, Geerard L Beets, Stefano Trebeschi, Janneke B Houwers, Cornelis H Dejong, Cornelis Verhoef, Regina G H Beets-Tan
OBJECTIVES: CT texture analysis has shown promise to differentiate colorectal cancer patients with/without hepatic metastases. AIM: To investigate whether whole-liver CT texture analysis can also predict the development of colorectal liver metastases. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Retrospective multicentre study (n=165). Three subgroups were assessed: patients [A] without metastases (n=57), [B] with synchronous metastases (n=54) and [C] who developed metastases within ≤24 months (n=54)...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615370/molecular-pathways-targeting-the-microenvironment-of-liver-metastases
#13
Simon Milette, Jason K Sicklick, Andrew M Lowy, Pnina Brodt
Curative treatment for metastatic solid cancers remains elusive. The liver, which is nourished by a rich blood supply from both the arterial and portal venous systems is the most common site of visceral metastases, particularly from cancers arising in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, with colorectal cancer (CRC) being the predominant primary site in Western countries. A mounting body of evidence suggests that the liver microenvironment (LME) provides autocrine and paracrine signals originating from both parenchymal and non-parenchymal cells, that collectively create both pre-and pro-metastatic niches for the development of hepatic metastases...
June 14, 2017: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614785/drag-reducing-polymers-decrease-hepatic-injury-and-metastases-after-liver-ischemia-reperfusion
#14
Samer Tohme, Marina V Kameneva, Hamza O Yazdani, Vikas Sud, Julie Goswami, Patricia Loughran, Hai Huang, Richard L Simmons, Allan Tsung
INTRODUCTION: Surgery, a crucial therapeutic modality in the treatment of solid tumors, can induce sterile inflammatory processes which can result in metastatic progression. Liver ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) injury, an inevitable consequence of hepatic resection of metastases, has been shown to foster hepatic capture of circulating cancer cells and accelerate metastatic growth. Efforts to reduce these negative consequences have not been thoroughly investigated. Drag reducing polymers (DRPs) are blood-soluble macromolecules that can, in nanomolar concentrations, increase tissue perfusion, decrease vascular resistance and decrease near-wall microvascular concentration of neutrophils and platelets thereby possibly reducing the inflammatory microenvironment...
May 31, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612017/treatment-options-in-colorectal-liver-metastases-hepatic-arterial-infusion
#15
REVIEW
Alice Zervoudakis, Taryn Boucher, Nancy E Kemeny
BACKGROUND: The liver is the most common site for metastases from colorectal cancer (CRC) with the majority of these patients having unresectable disease. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of studies using hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) therapy to treat liver metastasis from CRC. A PubMed search of randomized controlled trials and retrospective studies from 2006 to present was conducted using the search terms 'hepatic arterial infusion (HAI) therapy', 'colorectal cancer', and 'treatment of liver metastases'...
March 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612015/oligometastatic-disease-in-pancreatic-cancer-how-to-proceed
#16
REVIEW
Bernhard W Renz, Stefan Boeck, Falk Roeder, Christoph Trumm, Volker Heinemann, Jens Werner
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic cancer is a highly aggressive malignancy and will become the second leading cause of cancer-related death in the USA and also in Germany by 2030. Furthermore, the majority of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) will present with distant metastases, limiting surgical management in this population as there is little evidence available to support surgical or ablative treatment options for advanced-stage disease. However, highly selected patients suffering from synchronous and metachronous oligometastatic PDAC may potentially benefit from a surgical resection with an acceptable morbidity...
March 2017: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608276/a-comparison-of-yttrium-90-microsphere-radioembolization-to-hepatic-arterial-infusional-chemotherapy-for-patients-with-chemo-refractory-hepatic-colorectal-metastases
#17
REVIEW
Andrea Cercek, Vyacheslav Gendel, Salma Jabbour, Dirk Moore, Chunxia Chen, John Nosher, Marinela Capanu, Joanne F Chou, Taryn Boucher, Nancy Kemeny, Darren R Carpizo
Patients with unresectable hepatic colorectal metastases who become chemo-refractory have limited treatment options. Systemic chemotherapies such as TAS102 and regorafenib have been used in the refractory setting, but with only modest improvement in overall survival compared to best supportive care. In patients with liver-only or liver-dominant disease, direct chemotherapy to the liver such as hepatic artery infusional (HAI) chemotherapy and radioembolization (yttrium-90 (Y90)) should be considered. Due to the difficulty of HAI therapy post Y90 for technical reasons, we recommend HAI therapy prior to Y90...
July 2017: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607592/the-role-of-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-colorectal-liver-metastasectomy-after-pre-operative-chemotherapy-is-the-treatment-worthwhile
#18
Yun Wang, Zhi-Qiang Wang, Feng-Hua Wang, Yun-Fei Yuan, Bin-Kui Li, Pei-Rong Ding, Gong Chen, Xiao-Jun Wu, Zhen-Hai Lu, Zhi-Zhong Pan, De-Sen Wan, Peng Sun, Shu-Mei Yan, Rui-Hua Xu, Yu-Hong Li
Peri-operative chemotherapy has been proposed to improve the survival of patients with colorectal cancer hepatic metastases (CRCHM). However, the role of the adjuvant chemotherapy post-metastasectomy for CRCHM patients who have undergone pre-operative chemotherapy is still undetermined. We retrospectively analyzed the role of adjuvant chemotherapy post-metastasectomy on relapse-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) in 163 CRCHM patients who received pre-operative chemotherapy using a Kaplan-Meier curve and univariate/multiple Cox model...
2017: Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603942/primary-hepatic-choriocarcinoma-in-an-83-year-old-woman
#19
Akihiko Fukagawa, Naoto Fujita, Kenji Ohira, Hajime Fujimoto, Nobuaki Goto, Akinori Nozawa
We present a case of primary hepatic choriocarcinoma in an 83-year-old Japanese woman with gastric wall and lymph node metastases and a splenic vein tumor thrombus. Multiple irregular hepatic tumors with massive necrosis and hemorrhage were observed during autopsy. Syncytiotrophoblast-like and mononucleated cytotrophoblast-like cell morphology with focal hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC)-like trabecular structures was observed. In immunohistochemical analyses, the tumor cells expressed human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) and cytokeratins (AE1/AE3, CK7, CK19) but were negative for alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), glypican-3, and vimentin...
June 11, 2017: Pathology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597000/intraoperative-ultrasound-as-a-screening-modality-for-the-detection-of-liver-metastases-during-resection-of-primary-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
Signe Bremholm Ellebæk, Claus Wilki Fristrup, Michael Bau Mortensen
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common cancer diseases worldwide. One in 4 patients with CRC will have a disseminated disease at the time of diagnosis and often in the form of synchronous liver metastases. Studies suggest that up to 30% of patients have non-recognized hepatic metastases during primary surgery for CRC. Intraoperative ultrasonography examination (IOUS) of the liver to detect liver metastases was considered the gold standard during open CRC surgery. Today laparoscopic surgery is the standard procedure, but laparoscopic ultrasound examination (LUS) is not performed routinely...
April 2017: Ultrasound International Open
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