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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330114/human-cd4-cd25-cd127hi-cells-and-the-th1-th2-phenotype
#1
Aditi Narsale, Rosita Moya, Joanna Davida Davies
CD4+ T cells that co-express CD25 and CD127 (CD25+CD127+) make up around 20% of all circulating CD4+ memory T cells in healthy people. The clinical significance of these cells is that in children with type 1 diabetes their relative frequency at diagnosis is significantly and directly correlated with rate of disease progression. The purpose of this study was to further characterize the CD25+CD127hi cells. We show that they are a mix of Th1 and Th2 cells however, they have a significantly higher relative frequency of pre-committed and committed Th2 cells, and secrete significantly higher levels of Th2-type cytokines than CD25- memory T cells...
January 9, 2018: Clinical Immunology: the Official Journal of the Clinical Immunology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290961/dnmt3b-knock-down-in-enteric-precursors-reveals-a-possible-mechanism-by-which-this-de-novo-methyltransferase-is-involved-in-the-enteric-nervous-system-development-and-the-onset-of-hirschsprung-disease
#2
Ana Torroglosa, Leticia Villalba-Benito, Raquel María Fernández, María José Moya-Jiménez, Guillermo Antiñolo, Salud Borrego
Hirschsprung disease (HSCR, OMIM 142623) is a pathology that shows a lack of enteric ganglia along of the distal gastrointestinal tract. This aganglionosis is attributed to an abnormal proliferation, migration, differentiation and/or survival of enteric precursor cells (EPCs) derived from neural crest cells (NCCs) during the enteric nervous system (ENS) embryogenesis. DNMT3b de novo methyltransferase is associated with NCCs development and has been shown to be implicated in ENS formation as well as in HSCR...
December 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289559/geographical-distribution-and-species-identification-of-human-filariasis-and-onchocerciasis-in-bioko-island-equatorial-guinea
#3
Thuy-Huong Ta, Laura Moya, Justino Nguema, Pilar Aparicio, María Miguel Oteo, Gema Cenzual, Isabel Canorea, Marta Lanza, Agustín Benito, James Lee Crainey, José Miguel Rubio
Human filariae are vector-borne parasites and the causative agents of various diseases, including human onchocerciasis and lymphatic filariasis. Onchocerciasis causes a spectrum of cutaneous and ophthalmologic manifestations (including blindness) and has long been a major public health problem in Bioko Island (Equatorial Guinea). Bioko Island has been included in the WHO's Onchocerciasis Control Program since 1987. In Bioko Island, the specificity and sensitivity of clinical Onchocerca volvulus diagnosis is key...
December 28, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249180/the-effects-of-transdermal-rotigotine-on-non-motor-symptoms-of-parkinson-s-disease-a-multicentre-observational-retrospective-post-marketing-study
#4
Francesc Valldeoriola, Antonio Salvador, José Maria Gómez-Arguelles, José Marey, Miguel Moya, Ángel Ayuga, Francisco Ramírez
AIM: This study evaluated the effect of ≥6 months of transdermal rotigotine on non-motor and motor symptoms of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in Spain between September 2011 and December 2012 (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01504529). The primary efficacy variable was the change from baseline in non-motor symptoms, as assessed by changes in Parkinson's Disease Non-Motor Symptoms Questionnaire total scores at 6 months...
December 17, 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228333/dnaaf1-links-heart-laterality-with-the-aaa-atpase-ruvbl1-and-ciliary-intraflagellar-transport
#5
Verity L Hartill, Glenn van de Hoek, Mitali P Patel, Rosie Little, Christopher M Watson, Ian R Berry, Amelia Shoemark, Dina Abdelmottaleb, Emma Parkes, Chiara Bacchelli, Katarzyna Szymanska, Nine V Knoers, Peter J Scambler, Marius Ueffing, Karsten Boldt, Robert Yates, Paul J Winyard, Beryl Adler, Eduardo Moya, Louise Hattingh, Anil Shenoy, Claire Hogg, Eamonn Sheridan, Ronald Roepman, Dominic Norris, Hannah M Mitchison, Rachel H Giles, Colin A Johnson
DNAAF1 (LRRC50) is a cytoplasmic protein required for dynein heavy chain assembly and cilia motility, and DNAAF1 mutations cause primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD; MIM 613193). We describe four families with DNAAF1 mutations and complex congenital heart disease (CHD). In three families, all affected individuals have typical PCD phenotypes. However, an additional family demonstrates isolated CHD (heterotaxy) in two affected siblings, but no clinical evidence of PCD. We identified a homozygous DNAAF1 missense mutation, p...
December 7, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203868/a-microsatellite-repeat-in-pca3-long-non-coding-rna-is-associated-with-prostate-cancer-risk-and-aggressiveness
#6
John Lai, Leire Moya, Jiyuan An, Andrea Hoffman, Srilakshmi Srinivasan, Janaththani Panchadsaram, Carina Walpole, Joanna L Perry-Keene, Suzanne Chambers, Melanie L Lehman, Colleen C Nelson, Judith A Clements, Jyotsna Batra
Short tandem repeats (STRs) are repetitive sequences of a polymorphic stretch of two to six nucleotides. We hypothesized that STRs are associated with prostate cancer development and/or progression. We undertook RNA sequencing analysis of prostate tumors and adjacent non-malignant cells to identify polymorphic STRs that are readily expressed in these cells. Most of the expressed STRs in the clinical samples mapped to intronic and intergenic DNA. Our analysis indicated that three of these STRs (TAAA-ACTG2, TTTTG-TRIB1, and TG-PCA3) are polymorphic and differentially expressed in prostate tumors compared to adjacent non-malignant cells...
December 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196703/induction-of-auxin-biosynthesis-and-wox5-repression-mediate-changes-in-root-development-in-arabidopsis-exposed-to-chitosan
#7
Federico Lopez-Moya, Nuria Escudero, Ernesto A Zavala-Gonzalez, David Esteve-Bruna, Miguel A Blázquez, David Alabadí, Luis V Lopez-Llorca
Chitosan is a natural polymer with applications in agriculture, which causes plasma membrane permeabilisation and induction of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) in plants. Chitosan has been mostly applied in the phylloplane to control plant diseases and to enhance plant defences, but has also been considered for controlling root pests. However, the effect of chitosan on roots is virtually unknown. In this work, we show that chitosan interfered with auxin homeostasis in Arabidopsis roots, promoting a 2-3 fold accumulation of indole acetic acid (IAA)...
December 1, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157669/the-combination-of-il-6-and-its-soluble-receptor-is-associated-with-the-response-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-to-tocilizumab
#8
Cesar Diaz-Torne, Maria Dels Angels Ortiz, Patricia Moya, Maria Victoria Hernandez, Delia Reina, Ivan Castellvi, Juan Jose De Agustin, Diana de la Fuente, Hector Corominas, Raimon Sanmarti, Carlos Zamora, Elisabet Cantó, Silvia Vidal
BACKGROUND: IL-6 contributes significantly to the chronic inflammatory process of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Tocilizumab, a humanized anti-human IL-6 receptor antibody that blocks the signaling originated by the IL-6/IL-6R complex, is an effective treatment. However, predictors of the response to tocilizumab are still required. We aimed to combine IL-6 and soluble IL-6R (sIL-6R) levels to identify groups of responses. METHODS: Heparinized blood and clinical data from 63 RA patients were collected before treatment and after 3 and 6 months...
November 17, 2017: Seminars in Arthritis and Rheumatism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130597/co-occurring-medical-conditions-in-adults-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review-toward-the-development-of-health-care-guidelines
#9
REVIEW
George T Capone, Brian Chicoine, Peter Bulova, Mary Stephens, Sarah Hart, Blythe Crissman, Andrea Videlefsky, Katherine Myers, Nancy Roizen, Anna Esbensen, Moya Peterson, Stephanie Santoro, Jason Woodward, Barry Martin, David Smith
Adults with Down syndrome (DS) represent a unique population who are in need of clinical guidelines to address their medical care. The United States Preventive Service Task Force (USPSTF) has developed criteria for prioritizing conditions of public health importance with the potential for providing screening recommendations to improve clinical care. The quality of existing evidence needed to inform clinical guidelines has not been previously reviewed. Using the National Library of Medicine (NLM) database PubMed, we first identified 18 peer reviewed articles that addressed co-occurring medical conditions in adults with DS...
January 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115370/-febrile-syndromes-in-the-traveler-returning-from-tropical-regions-admitted-in-a-monographic-unit
#10
N Moya Notario, M Hernández-Cabrera, C Carranza-Rodríguez, E Pisos-Álamo, N Jaén-Sánchez, J L Pérez-Arellano
OBJECTIVE: The aim was to analyse those syndromes with fever in travellers who return from tropical regions evaluated at our Department of Infectology and Tropical Medicine. Clarifying these conditions intends to reach earlier diagnoses and, perhaps, to avoid the emergence and spread of imported diseases, as well as to establish appropriate preventive measures. METHODS: An observational descriptive transversal study was performed, selecting those patients who returned from tropical regions with fever, amongst all travellers evaluated in our department between 1998 and 2013...
November 8, 2017: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075858/outcomes-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-curative-intent-in-a-western-cohort-should-multimodal-therapy-be-the-gold-standard
#11
Fiachra Sheil, Claire L Donohoe, Sinéad King, Dermot O'Toole, Moya Cunningham, Sinéad Cuffe, Narayanasamy Ravi, John V Reynolds
INTRODUCTION: The standard of care for treatment of oesophageal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) continues to evolve. Neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (neoCRT) provides a significant survival benefit compared to surgery alone but it is unclear whether definitive chemoradiation (dCRT) is superior. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of outcomes from patients treated in a national high-volume centre (2000-2014) where both neoCRT and dCRT are used with curative intent. Propensity score match analysis was used to match patients undergoing dCRT with those undergoing surgery ± neoCRT...
October 26, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059109/metabolic-bone-diseases-and-total-hip-arthroplasty-preventing-complications
#12
Joaquin Moya-Angeler, Joseph M Lane, Jose A Rodriguez
Metabolic bone diseases are a diverse group of conditions characterized by abnormalities in calcium metabolism and/or bone cell physiology. These unbalanced processes can eventually lead to bony deformities and altered joint biomechanics, resulting in degenerative joint disease. Not infrequently, patients with metabolic bone diseases have restricting hip joint pain that ultimately necessitates hip arthroplasty. To minimize complications, the surgeon must consider the particular characteristics of these patients...
November 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039643/exploring-the-ph-sensitivity-of-poly-allylamine-phosphate-supramolecular-nanocarriers-for-intracellular-sirna-delivery
#13
Patrizia Andreozzi, Eleftheria Diamanti, Karen Rapp Py-Daniel, Paolin Rocio Cáceres-Vélez, Chiara Martinelli, Nikolaos Politakos, Ane Escobar, Marco Muzi-Falconi, Ricardo Azevedo, Sergio E Moya
Silencing RNA (siRNA) technologies emerge as a promising therapeutic tool for the treatment of multiple diseases. An ideal nanocarrier (NC) for siRNAs should be stable at physiological pH and release siRNAs in acidic endosomal pH, fulfilling siRNA delivery only inside cells. Here, we show a novel application of polyamine phosphate NCs (PANs) based on their capacity to load negatively charged nucleic acids and their pH stability. PANs are fabricated by complexation of phosphate anions from phosphate buffer solution (PB) with the amine groups of poly(allylamine) hydrochloride as carriers for siRNAs...
November 8, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023002/dynamics-of-huanglongbing-associated-bacterium-candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-in-citrus-aurantifolia-swingle-mexican-lime
#14
Jose Abel Lopez-Buenfil, Jose Abrahan Ramirez-Pool, Roberto Ruiz-Medrano, Maria Del Carmen Montes-Horcasitas, Claudio Chavarin-Palacio, Jesus Moya-Hinojosa, Francisco Javier Trujillo-Arriaga, Rosalia Lira Carmona, Beatriz Xoconostle-Cazares
BACKGROUND: The bacterial disease citrus huanglongbing (HLB), associated with "Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus" (C.Las) has severely impacted the citrus industry, causing a significant reduction in production and fruit quality. In the present study, it was monitored the C.Las population dynamics in symptomatic, HLB-positive Mexican lime trees (Citrus aurantifolia Swingle) in a tropical, citrus-producing area of Mexico. The objective of this study was to identify the dynamics of the population of huanglongbing-associated bacterium Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus and its insect vector in Citrus aurantifolia Swingle (Mexican lime)...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016882/intra-atrial-re-entrant-tachycardia-in-patients-with-congenital-heart-disease-factors-associated-with-disease-severity
#15
Ivo Roca-Luque, Nuria Rivas Gándara, Laura Dos Subirà, Jaume Francisco Pascual, Jordi Pérez-Rodon, Antònia Pijuan Domenech, Ma Teresa Subirana, Berta Miranda, Alba Santos Ortega, Jaume Casaldàliga Ferrer, David García-Dorado García, Angel Moya Mitjans
Aim: Intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART) is a common complication in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) and is related to increased morbidity and mortality. Few reports have been published about factors associated to IART severity. The aim of this study is to analyse factors associated to severe clinical presentation of IART. Methods and Results: Observational study of all consecutive CHD patients who underwent a first IART ablation from January 2009 to December 2015 (94 patients, 39...
July 28, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016802/intra-atrial-re-entrant-tachycardia-in-congenital-heart-disease-types-and-relation-of-isthmus-to-atrial-voltage
#16
Ivo Roca-Luque, Nuria Rivas Gándara, Laura Dos Subirà, Jaume Francisco Pascual, Antònia Pijuan Domenech, Jordi Pérez-Rodon, M Teresa Subirana, Alba Santos Ortega, Berta Miranda, Ferran Rosés-Noguer, Ignacio Ferreira-Gonzalez, Jaume Casaldàliga Ferrer, David García-Dorado García, Angel Moya Mitjans
Background: Intra-atrial re-entrant tachycardia (IART) is a frequent and severe complication in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD). Cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-related IART is the most frequent mechanism. However, due to fibrosis and surgical scars, non-CTI-related IART is also frequent. Objective: The main objective of this study was to describe the types of IART and circuit locations and to define a cut-off value for unhealthy tissue in the atria. Methods and results: This observational study included all consecutive patients with CHD who underwent a first ablation procedure for IART from January 2009 to December 2015 (94 patients, 39...
August 9, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985450/patterns-of-periodontal-disease-progression-based-on-linear-mixed-models-of-clinical-attachment-loss
#17
Ricardo Teles, Kevin Moss, John S Preisser, Robert Genco, William V Giannobile, Patricia Corby, Nathalia Garcia, Heather Jared, Gay Torresyap, Elida Salazar, Julie Moya, Cynthia Howard, Robert Schifferle, Karen L Falkner, Jane Gillespie, Debra Dixon, MaryAnn Cugini
AIM: The goal of the present longitudinal cohort study was to examine patterns of periodontal disease progression at progressing sites and subjects defined based on linear mixed models (LMM) of clinical attachment loss (CAL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 113 periodontally healthy and 302 periodontitis subjects had their CAL calculated bimonthly for 12 months. LMMs were fitted for each site and the predicted CAL levels used to categorize their progression state...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978344/the-expect-examining-exercise-prostate-cancer-and-circulating-tumour-cells-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Gráinne Sheill, Lauren Brady, Emer Guinan, Brian Hayes, Orla Casey, John Greene, Tatjana Vlajnic, Fidelma Cahill, Mieke Van Hemelrijck, Nicola Peat, Sarah Rudman, Juliette Hussey, Moya Cunningham, Liam Grogan, Thomas Lynch, Rustom P Manecksha, John McCaffrey, Lorelei Mucci, Orla Sheils, John O'Leary, Dearbhaile M O'Donnell, Ray McDermott, Stephen Finn
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer (PrCa) is the second most common cancer in Ireland. Many men present with locally advanced or metastatic cancer for whom curative surgery is inappropriate. Advanced cancer patients are encouraged to remain physically active and therefore there is a need to investigate how patients with metastatic disease tolerate physical activity programmes. Physical activity reduces levels of systemic inflammatory mediators and so an aerobic exercise intervention may represent an accessible and cost-effective means of ameliorating the pro-inflammatory effects of obesity and subsequently decrease poor cancer-specific outcomes in this patient population...
October 4, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973390/association-of-krouse-classification-for-sinonasal-inverted-papilloma-with-recurrence-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Quentin Lisan, Antoine Moya-Plana, Pierre Bonfils
Importance: The risk factors for the recurrence of sinonasal inverted papilloma are still unclear. Objective: To investigate the potential association between the Krouse classification and the recurrence rates of sinonasal inverted papilloma. Data Sources: The EMBASE and MEDLINE databases were searched for the period January 1, 1964, through September 30, 2016, using the following search strategy: (paranasal sinuses [Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) terms] OR sinonasal [all fields]) AND (inverted papilloma [MeSH terms] OR (inverted [all fields] AND papilloma [all fields])...
November 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28966146/understanding-gene-functions-and-disease-mechanisms-phenotyping-pipelines-in-the-german-mouse-clinic
#20
REVIEW
Helmut Fuchs, Juan Antonio Aguilar-Pimentel, Oana V Amarie, Lore Becker, Julia Calzada-Wack, Yi-Li Cho, Lillian Garrett, Sabine M Hölter, Martin Irmler, Martin Kistler, Markus Kraiger, Philipp Mayer-Kuckuk, Kristin Moreth, Birgit Rathkolb, Jan Rozman, Patricia da Silva Buttkus, Irina Treise, Annemarie Zimprich, Kristine Gampe, Christine Hutterer, Claudia Stöger, Stefanie Leuchtenberger, Holger Maier, Manuel Miller, Angelika Scheideler, Moya Wu, Johannes Beckers, Raffi Bekeredjian, Markus Brielmeier, Dirk H Busch, Martin Klingenspor, Thomas Klopstock, Markus Ollert, Carsten Schmidt-Weber, Tobias Stöger, Eckhard Wolf, Wolfgang Wurst, Ali Önder Yildirim, Andreas Zimmer, Valérie Gailus-Durner, Martin Hrabě de Angelis
Since decades, model organisms have provided an important approach for understanding the mechanistic basis of human diseases. The German Mouse Clinic (GMC) was the first phenotyping facility that established a collaboration-based platform for phenotype characterization of mouse lines. In order to address individual projects by a tailor-made phenotyping strategy, the GMC advanced in developing a series of pipelines with tests for the analysis of specific disease areas. For a general broad analysis, there is a screening pipeline that covers the key parameters for the most relevant disease areas...
September 29, 2017: Behavioural Brain Research
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