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Balance error scoring system

Stephen P Bird, William J Markwick
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Youth participation in basketball is on the rise, with basketball one of the top five participation sports in Australia. With increased participation there is a need for greater awareness of the importance of the pre-participation examination, including musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing as part of a multidisciplinary approach to reducing the risk for future injuries. As majority of all basketball injuries affect the lower extremities, pre-participation musculoskeletal screening and functional performance testing should assess fundamental movement qualities throughout the kinetic chain with an emphasis on lower extremity force characteristics, specifically eccentric loading tasks...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Patrick Grabowski, John Wilson, Alyssa Walker, Dan Enz, Sijian Wang
OBJECTIVE: Demonstrate implementation, safety and feasibility of multimodal, impairment-based physical therapy (PT) combining vestibular/oculomotor and cervical rehabilitation with sub-symptom threshold exercise for the treatment of patients with post-concussion syndrome (PCS). SETTING: University hospital outpatient sports medicine facility. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-five patients (12-20 years old) meeting World Health Organization criteria for PCS following sport-related concussion referred for supervised PT consisting of sub-symptom cardiovascular exercise, vestibular/oculomotor and cervical spine rehabilitation...
June 7, 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
David Barbado, Janice Moreside, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Although unstable seat methodology has been used to assess trunk postural control, the reliability of the variables that characterize it remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: To analyze reliability and learning effect of center of pressure (COP) and kinematic parameters that characterize trunk postural control performance in unstable seating. The relationships between kinematic and COP parameters also were explored. DESIGN: Test-retest reliability design...
September 9, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
Traci R Snedden, Margaret Alison Brooks, Scott Hetzel, Tim McGuine
OBJECTIVE: Establish sex, age, and concussion history-specific normative baseline sport concussion assessment tool 3 (SCAT3) values in adolescent athletes. DESIGN: Prospective cohort. SETTING: Seven Wisconsin high schools. PARTICIPANTS: Seven hundred fifty-eight high school athletes participating in 19 sports. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Sex, age, and concussion history. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (SCAT3): total number of symptoms; symptom severity; total Standardized Assessment of Concussion (SAC); and each SAC component (orientation, immediate memory, concentration, delayed recall); Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) total errors (BESS, floor and foam pad)...
September 7, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Mitchell J Odom, Young M Lee, Scott L Zuckerman, Rachel P Apple, Theodore Germanos, Gary S Solomon, Allen K Sills
This study evaluated the test-retest reliability of a novel computer-based, portable balance assessment tool, the Equilibrate System (ES), used to diagnose sports-related concussion. Twenty-seven students participated in ES testing consisting of three sessions over 4 weeks. The modified Balance Error Scoring System was performed. For each participant, test-retest reliability was established using the intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). The ES test-retest reliability from baseline to week 2 produced an ICC value of 0...
2016: Journal of Surgical Orthopaedic Advances
(no author information available yet)
UNLABELLED: Reports an error in "Cognitive, emotion control, and motor performance of adolescents in the NCANDA study: Contributions from alcohol consumption, age, sex, ethnicity, and family history of addiction" by Edith V. Sullivan, Ty Brumback, Susan F. Tapert, Rosemary Fama, Devin Prouty, Sandra A. Brown, Kevin Cummins, Wesley K. Thompson, Ian M. Colrain, Fiona C. Baker, Michael D. De Bellis, Stephen R. Hooper, Duncan B. Clark, Tammy Chung, Bonnie J. Nagel, B. Nolan Nichols, Torsten Rohlfing, Weiwei Chu, Kilian M...
October 2016: Neuropsychology
Noah D Silverberg, Grant L Iverson, Michael McCrea, Jennifer N Apps, Thomas A Hammeke, Danny G Thomas
Importance: Recovery from concussion generally follows a trajectory of gradual improvement, but symptoms can abruptly worsen with exertion. This phenomenon is poorly understood. Objectives: To characterize the incidence, course, and clinical significance of symptom exacerbations (spikes) in children after concussion. Design, Setting, and Participants: This secondary analysis of clinical trial data analyzes 63 eligible participants prospectively recruited from an emergency department who were asked to complete a postconcussion symptom scale and record their activities in a structured diary for the next 10 days...
October 1, 2016: JAMA Pediatrics
Lindsay D Nelson, Michelle M Loman, Ashley A LaRoche, Robyn E Furger, Michael A McCrea
OBJECTIVE: To determine the normative, baseline performance and psychometric properties of the Child Sport Concussion Assessment Tool 3 (Child-SCAT3) in 5- to 13-year-old athletes. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Practice fields. PARTICIPANTS: Contact sport athletes (N = 155) 5 to 13 years old. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Age, gender, verbal intellectual functioning (receptive vocabulary). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Child-SCAT3: self-reported and parent-reported symptoms, cognitive performance (child form of the Standardized Assessment of Concussion; SAC-C), and balance (modified Balance Error Scoring System, mBESS-C; tandem gait)...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
David R Howell, Emily Hanson, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: Postural stability is often affected by sport-related injuries and subsequently evaluated during postinjury examinations. Intrinsic factors, however, may also affect postural control. We sought to compare the postural control of female and male athletes as measured simultaneously by (1) the modified balance error scoring system (mBESS) and (2) a video-force plate system. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Sports injury prevention center...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Edwenia O'Malley, John C Murphy, Ulrik McCarthy Persson, Conor Gissane, Catherine Blake
Team-based neuromuscular training programs for injury prevention have been tested primarily in female and adolescent athletes in soccer, handball and basketball, with limited research in adult male field sports. This study explored whether the GAA 15, a multifaceted 8-week neuromuscular training program could improve risk factors for lower limb injury in male Gaelic footballers and hurlers. Four Gaelic sports collegiate teams were randomized into intervention or control groups. Two teams, one football, one hurling, (n=41), were allocated to the intervention, undertaking a 15 minute program of neuromuscular training exercises at the start of team training sessions, twice weekly for 8 weeks...
July 7, 2016: Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research
Alicia M Sufrinko, Anne Mucha, Tracey Covassin, Greg Marchetti, R J Elbin, Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos
OBJECTIVE: To examine sex differences in vestibular and oculomotor symptoms and impairment in athletes with sport-related concussion (SRC). The secondary purpose was to replicate previously reported sex differences in total concussion symptoms, and performance on neurocognitive and balance testing. DESIGN: Prospective cross-sectional study of consecutively enrolled clinic patients within 21 days of a SRC. SETTING: Specialty Concussion Clinic...
July 1, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Laura J Davis, Anna M McGarr, Claudia Espina Bresnahan, Acadia L Clohesey, Michelle E Judge, Miran D McCash, Juhanna T Roberts, Christopher Villarosa, Toshiki Kobayashi, Michael S Orendurff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Cameron Powden, Johanna Hoch, Emily Hartley, Lauren Welsch, Matthew Hoch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Bryan L Riemann, George J Davies
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Jason A Hugentobler, Resmi Gupta, Robert Slater, Mark V Paterno, Michael A Riley, Catherine Quatman-Yates
OBJECTIVE: To examine the influence of age, sex, attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) status, previous history of concussion, and days since injury on postconcussion postural control assessment in adolescents who have suffered a concussion. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Hospital-based outpatient clinic. PARTICIPANTS: Seventy-one participants (42 males; 29 females) with mean age 14.14 ± 2.44. INDEPENDENT VARIABLES: Age, sex, previous concussion history, ADHD status, total and severity of postconcussion symptoms, and days since injury...
June 22, 2016: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
Sung Ho Jang, Ji Hyun Yi, Hyeok Gyu Kwon
OBJECTIVES: No study on injury of the inferior cerebellar peduncle (ICP) in patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) has been reported. This study, using diffusion tensor tractography (DTT), attempted to demonstrate injury of the ICP in patients with mTBI. METHODS: Three patients with mTBI resulting from a car accident and 18 normal healthy control subjects were enrolled in this study. Diffusion tensor imaging data were acquired at 2 months (patient 1) and 3 months (patients 2 and 3) after onset and the ICP was reconstructed...
2016: Brain Injury: [BI]
Esther Y Chin, Lindsay D Nelson, William B Barr, Paul McCrory, Michael A McCrea
BACKGROUND: The Sport Concussion Assessment Tool-3 (SCAT3) facilitates sideline clinical assessments of concussed athletes. Yet, there is little published research on clinically relevant metrics for the SCAT3 as a whole. PURPOSE: We documented the psychometric properties of the major SCAT3 components (symptoms, cognition, balance) and derived clinical decision criteria (ie, reliable change score cutoffs and normative conversation tables) for clinicians to apply to cases with and without available preinjury baseline data...
September 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
David R Howell, Benjamin J Shore, Emily Hanson, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVES: The Balance Error Scoring System (BESS) has been documented as a useful way to evaluate postural control following sport-related concussions sustained by youth athletes. However, limitations have been reported with its use due to the reliance on visual observation as the primary measurement outcome. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the correlation between the modified BESS (mBESS) as rated by a clinician and a simultaneous analysis performed by an integrated video-force plate system...
September 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
J McDevitt, K O Appiah-Kubi, R Tierney, W G Wright
In this study, we collected and analyzed preliminary data for the internal consistency of a new condensed model to assess vestibular and oculomotor impairments following a concussion. We also examined this model's ability to discriminate concussed athletes from healthy controls. Each participant was tested in a concussion assessment protocol that consisted of the Neurocom's Sensory Organization Test (SOT), Balance Error Scoring System exam, and a series of 8 vestibular and oculomotor assessments. Of these 10 assessments, only the SOT, near point convergence, and the signs and symptoms (S/S) scores collected following optokinetic stimulation, the horizontal eye saccades test, and the gaze stabilization test were significantly correlated with health status, and were used in further analyses...
August 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
David T Larres, Walter Carr, Elizandro G Gonzales, Jason S Hawley
Traumatic brain injury (TBI) secondary to blast exposure is a common injury in the Global War on Terrorism, but little is known about the acute effects, recovery, pathophysiology, and neuropathology of blast-induced mild TBI (mTBI) in humans in a battlefield environment. Moreover, there is ongoing debate whether blast-induced mTBI is a different injury with a unique pathophysiology compared with mTBI from blunt trauma. In the case series reported here from Craig Joint Theater Hospital at Bagram Airfield, Afghanistan, 15 military service members with acute concussion/mTBI associated with blast exposure were evaluated within the first 24 hours after concussion and on days 2, 3, 5, and 7 with a Graded Symptom Checklist and a balance assessment, the Balance Error Scoring System...
May 2016: Military Medicine
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