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Canadian C-Spine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728206/-subaxial-cervical-spine-injuries-treatment-recommendations-of-the-german-orthopedic-and-trauma-society
#1
Philipp Schleicher, Matti Scholz, Frank Kandziora, Andreas Badke, Florian Hans Brakopp, Helmut Klaus Friedrich Ekkerlein, Erol Gercek, Rene Hartensuer, Philipp Hartung, Jan-Sven Gilbert Jarvers, Philipp Kobbe, Stefan Matschke, Robert Morrison, Christian W Müller, Miguel Pishnamaz, Maximilian Reinhold, Klaus John Schnake, Gregor Schmeiser, Gregor Stein, Bernhard Ullrich, Thomas Weiß, Volker Zimmermann
In a consensus process during four sessions in 2016, the working group "lower cervical spine" of the German Society for Orthopedic and Trauma Surgery (DGOU), formulated "Therapeutic Recommendations for the Lower Cervical Spine", taking into consideration the current literature. Therapeutic goals are a permanently stable, painless cervical spine and the protection against secondary neurologic damage while retaining the greatest possible amount of motion and spinal profile. Due to its ease of use and its proven good reliability, the AOSpine classification for subaxial cervical injuries should be used...
July 20, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722766/comparative-analysis-of-the-radiology-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-in-women-and-men-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-observations-from-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-camos
#2
Brian C Lentle, Claudie Berger, Linda Probyn, Jacques P Brown, Lisa Langsetmo, Ben Fine, Kevin Lian, Arvind K Shergill, Jacques Trollip, Stuart Jackson, William D Leslie, Jerilynn C Prior, Stephanie M Kaiser, David A Hanley, Jonathan D Adachi, Tanveer Towheed, K Shawn Davison, Angela M Cheung, David Goltzman
We compared two methods for osteoporotic vertebral fracture (VF) assessment on lateral spine radiographs, the Genant semi-quantitative (GSQ) technique and a modified algorithm-based qualitative (mABQ) approach. We evaluated 4465 women and 1771 men > 50 years old from the Canadian Multicentre Osteoporosis Study with available X-ray images at baseline. Observer agreement was lowest for grade 1 VFs determined by GSQ. Among physician readers, agreement was greater for VFs diagnosed by mABQ [ranging from 0...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673827/the-impact-of-spine-stability-on-cervical-spinal-cord-injury-with-respect-to-demographics-management-and-outcome-a-prospective-cohort-from-a-national-sci-registry
#3
Jérôme Paquet, Carly S Rivers, Dilinuer Kuerban, Joel Finkelstein, Jin W Tee, Vanessa K Noonan, Brian K Kwon, R John Hurlbert, Sean Christie, Eve C Tsai, Henry Ahn, Brian Drew, Christopher S Bailey, Daryl R Fourney, Najmedden Attabib, Michael G Johnson, Michael G Fehlings, Stefan Parent, Marcel F Dvorak
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Emergent surgery for patients with a traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) is seen as the gold standard in acute management. However, optimal treatment for those with the clinical diagnosis of central cord syndrome (CCS) is less clear and classic definitions of CCS do not identify a unique population of patients. PURPOSE: To test the authors' hypothesis that spine stability can identify a unique group of patients with regards to demographics, management, and outcomes, which classic CCS definitions do not...
June 30, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554588/pathologic-c-spine-fracture-with-low-risk-mechanism-and-normal-physical-exam
#4
Andrew Hunter, Jolion McGreevy, Judith Linden
Cervical spinal fracture is a rare, but potentially disabling complication of trauma to the neck. Clinicians often rely on clinical decision rules and guidelines to decide whether or not imaging is necessary when a patient presents with neck pain. Validated clinical guidelines include the Canadian C-Spine Rule and the Nexus criteria. Studies suggest that the risks of a pathologic fracture from a simple rear end collision are negligible. We present a case of an individual who presented to an emergency department (ED) after a low speed motor vehicle collision complaining of lateral neck pain and had multiple subsequent visits for the same complaint with negative exam findings...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275838/economic-evaluation-of-a-population-based-osteoporosis-intervention-for-outpatients-with-non-traumatic-non-hip-fractures-the-catch-a-break-1i-type-c-fls
#5
S R Majumdar, D A Lier, D A Hanley, A G Juby, L A Beaupre
Fracture liaison services (FLS) are advocated to improve osteoporosis treatment after fragility fracture, but there are few economic analyses of different models. A population-based 1i [=type C] FLS for non-hip fractures was implemented and it costs $44 per patient and it was very cost-effective ($9200 per QALY gained). Small operational changes would convert it from cost-effective to cost-saving. INTRODUCTION: After fragility fracture, <20% of patients receive osteoporosis treatment...
June 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251880/choosing-wisely-canada%C3%A2-five-tests-procedures-and-treatments-to-question-in-emergency-medicine
#6
Amy H Y Cheng, Sam Campbell, Lucas B Chartier, Tom Goddard, Kirk Magee, Jill McEwen, Atul K Kapur, Brian R Holroyd, Suneel Upadhye, Stephanie Couperthwaite, Brian H Rowe
OBJECTIVES: Choosing Wisely Canada (CWC) is an initiative to encourage patient-physician discussions about the appropriate, evidence based use of medical tests, procedures and treatments. We present the Canadian Association of Emergency Physicians' (CAEP) top five list of recommendations, and the process undertaken to generate them. METHODS: The CAEP Expert Working Group (EWG) generated a candidate list of 52 tests, procedures, and treatments in emergency medicine whose value to care was questioned...
March 2, 2017: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034592/densitometer-specific-differences-in-the-correlation-between-body-mass-index-and-lumbar-spine-trabecular-bone-score
#7
Gillian Mazzetti, Claudie Berger, William D Leslie, Didier Hans, Lisa Langsetmo, David A Hanley, Christopher S Kovacs, Jerrilyn C Prior, Stephanie M Kaiser, K Shawn Davison, Robert Josse, Alexandra Papaioannou, Jonathan R Adachi, David Goltzman, Suzanne N Morin
Trabecular bone score (TBS) is a gray-level texture measure derived from lumbar spine dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) images that predicts fractures independent of bone mineral density (BMD). Increased abdominal soft tissue in individuals with elevated body mass index (BMI) absorbs more X-rays during image acquisition for BMD measurement and must be accommodated by the TBS algorithm. We aimed to determine if the relationship between BMI and TBS varied between 2 major manufacturers' densitometers, because different densitometers accommodate soft tissues differently...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Densitometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27842904/yield-of-computed-tomography-of-the-cervical-spine-in-cases-of-simple-assault
#8
Matthew L Uriell, Jason W Allen, Brendan P Lovasik, Marc D Benayoun, Robert M Spandorfer, Chad A Holder
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) of the cervical spine (C-spine) is routinely ordered for low-impact, non-penetrating or "simple" assault at our institution and others. Common clinical decision tools for C-spine imaging in the setting of trauma include the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) and the Canadian Cervical Spine Rule for Radiography (CCR). While NEXUS and CCR have served to decrease the amount of unnecessary imaging of the C-spine, overutilization of CT is still of concern...
January 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27506928/the-annual-marine-feeding-aggregation-of-atlantic-sturgeon-acipenser-oxyrinchus-in-the-inner-bay-of-fundy-population-characteristics-and-movement
#9
M J Dadswell, S A Wehrell, A D Spares, M F Mclean, J W Beardsall, L M Logan-Chesney, G S Nau, C Ceapa, A M Redden, M J W Stokesbury
Atlantic sturgeon Acipenser oxyrinchus aggregate to feed from May to October in Minas Basin (45° N; 64° W), a large, cul-de-sac embayment of the inner Bay of Fundy. The aggregation consists mainly of migrants from the Saint John, NB and Kennebec Rivers, ME (99%). During 2004-2015, 4393 A. oxyrinchus were taken as by-catch by commercial fish trawlers or at intertidal fishing weirs, and 1453 were marked and/or sampled and released. Fork length (LF ) ranged from 458 to 2670 mm, but 72·5% were <1500 mm. Mass (M) ranged from 0·5 to 58·0 kg...
October 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477359/retraction-notice-to-kidney-function-and-rate-of-bone-loss-at-the-hip-and-spine-the-canadian-multicentre-osteoporosis-study-am-j-kidney-dis-55-2-291-299
#10
Sophie A Jamal, Victoria J D Swan, Jacques P Brown, David A Hanley, Jerilynn C Prior, Alexandra Papaioannou, Lisa Langsetmo, Robert G Josse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454805/utility-of-computed-tomographic-imaging-of-the-cervical-spine-in-trauma-evaluation-of-ground-level-fall
#11
Marc D Benayoun, Jason W Allen, Brendan P Lovasik, Matthew L Uriell, Robert M Spandorfer, Chad A Holder
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) of the cervical spine (C-spine) is routinely ordered for low-risk mechanisms of injury, including ground-level fall. Two commonly used clinical decision rules (CDRs) to guide C-spine imaging in trauma are the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) and the Canadian Cervical Spine Rule for Radiography (CCR). METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study of 3,753 consecutive adult patients presenting to an urban Level I emergency department who received C-spine CT scans were obtained over a 6-month period...
August 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330655/prospective-validation-of-modified-nexus-cervical-spine-injury-criteria-in-low-risk-elderly-fall-patients
#12
John Tran, Donald Jeanmonod, Darin Agresti, Khalief Hamden, Rebecca K Jeanmonod
INTRODUCTION: The National Emergency X-radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) criteria are used extensively in emergency departments to rule out C-spine injuries (CSI) in the general population. Although the NEXUS validation set included 2,943 elderly patients, multiple case reports and the Canadian C-Spine Rules question the validity of applying NEXUS to geriatric populations. The objective of this study was to validate a modified NEXUS criteria in a low-risk elderly fall population with two changes: a modified definition for distracting injury and the definition of normal mentation...
May 2016: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161303/the-canadian-c-spine-rule
#13
Bruno Tirotti Saragiotto, Zoe A Michaleff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032898/a-comparison-of-two-methods-to-evaluate-a-narrow-spinal-canal-routine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-versus-three-dimensional-reconstruction
#14
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Luciana Gazzi Macedo, Anna Bodnar, Michele C Battié
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: In routine clinical practice, the presence of lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) is assessed on axial magnetic resonance images (MRI) typically acquired using a preselected spine sagittal angle. Given the natural lordosis of the lumbar spine, not all axial slices will be parallel to the disc and perpendicular to the spinal canal and, thus, are not optimal for the assessment of dural sac cross-sectional area (DCSA). PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to compare DCSA measurements from routinely acquired clinical images with three-dimensional (3D)-reconstructed images...
July 2016: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27032009/utility-of-computed-tomography-imaging-of-the-cervical-spine-in-trauma-evaluation-of-ground-level-fall
#15
Marc D Benayoun, Jason W Allen, Brendan P Lovasik, Matthew Uriell, Robert M Spandorfer, Chad A Holder
BACKGROUND: CT of the cervical spine is routinely ordered for low-risk mechanisms of injury, including ground level fall (GLF). Two commonly employed clinical decision rules (CDRs) to guide C-spine imaging in trauma are the National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) and the Canadian Cervical Spine Rule for Radiography (CCR). METHODS: Retrospective cross-sectional study of 3,753 consecutive adult patients presenting to an urban Level I ED who received C-spine CT scans were obtained over a six month period...
March 30, 2016: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26827890/cervical-spine-evaluation-in-the-bluntly-injured-patient
#16
REVIEW
Tanya L Zakrison, Brian H Williams
BACKGROUND: Cervical spine injuries causing spinal cord trauma are rare in blunt trauma yet lead to devastating morbidity and mortality when they occur. There exists considerable debate in the literature about the best way for clinicians to proceed in ruling out cervical spine injuries in alert or obtunded blunt trauma patients. METHODS: We reviewed the current literature and practice management guidelines to generate clinical recommendations for the detection and clearance of cervical spine injuries in the blunt trauma patient...
September 2016: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26796288/facilitators-and-barriers-to-application-of-the-canadian-c-spine-rule-by-emergency-department-triage-nurses
#17
Catherine M Clement, Ian G Stiell, Maureen A Lowe, Jamie C Brehaut, Lisa A Calder, Christian Vaillancourt, Jeffrey J Perry
OBJECTIVES: We recently conducted a multicentre implementation study on the use of the Canadian C-Spine Rule (CCR) by emergency department (ED) nurses to clear the c-spine in alert and stable trauma patients (n = 4506). The objective of this study was to conduct a survey of nurses, physicians, and administrators to evaluate their views on the facilitators and barriers to the implementation of the CCR. METHODS: We conducted both a paper-based and an electronic survey of the three different ED hospital staff groups of nine large teaching hospitals in Ontario, including six regional trauma centres...
July 2016: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26030221/reference-values-of-the-pain-disability-index-in-patients-with-painful-musculoskeletal-and-spinal-disorders-a-cross-national-study
#18
Remko Soer, Albère J A Köke, Bert L G N Speijer, Patrick C A J Vroomen, Rob J E M Smeets, Maarten H Coppes, Michiel F Reneman, Douglas P Gross
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. OBJECTIVE: To examine reference data for the Pain Disability Index (PDI) in Dutch and Canadian patient samples with a variety of musculoskeletal pain disorders and to test which potential factors are independently associated with the PDI score. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The PDI is a widely used generic instrument for measuring disability related to pain. It is unknown whether patients with spinal and other musculoskeletal diagnoses have different levels of disability when scored on the PDI...
May 1, 2015: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25796374/adjusting-fracture-probability-by-trabecular-bone-score
#19
Eugene V McCloskey, Anders Odén, Nicholas C Harvey, William D Leslie, Didier Hans, Helena Johansson, John A Kanis
The aim of the present study was to determine the impact of trabecular bone score on the probability of fracture above that provided by the clinical risk factors utilized in FRAX. We performed a retrospective cohort study of 33,352 women aged 40-99 years from the province of Manitoba, Canada, with baseline measurements of lumbar spine trabecular bone score (TBS) and FRAX risk variables. The analysis was cohort-specific rather than based on the Canadian version of FRAX. The associations between trabecular bone score, the FRAX risk factors and the risk of fracture or death were examined using an extension of the Poisson regression model and used to calculate 10-year probabilities of fracture with and without TBS and to derive an algorithm to adjust fracture probability to take account of the independent contribution of TBS to fracture and mortality risk...
June 2015: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25710414/prospective-derivation-of-a-clinical-decision-rule-for-thoracolumbar-spine-evaluation-after-blunt-trauma-an-american-association-for-the-surgery-of-trauma-multi-institutional-trials-group-study
#20
MULTICENTER STUDY
Kenji Inaba, Lauren Nosanov, Jay Menaker, Patrick Bosarge, Lashonda Williams, David Turay, Riad Cachecho, Marc de Moya, Marko Bukur, Jordan Carl, Leslie Kobayashi, Stephen Kaminski, Alec Beekley, Mario Gomez, Dimitra Skiada
BACKGROUND: Unlike the cervical spine (C-spine), where National Emergency X-Radiography Utilization Study (NEXUS) and the Canadian C-spine Rules can be used, evidence-based thoracolumbar spine (TL-spine) clearance guidelines do not exist. The aim of this study was to develop a clinical decision rule for evaluating the TL-spine after injury. METHODS: Adult (≥15 years) blunt trauma patients were prospectively enrolled at 13 US trauma centers (January 2012 to January 2014)...
March 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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