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Embryo day 2

Katia Roberta A Belaz, Alessandra Tata, Moana R França, Maressa I Santos da Silva, Pedro Henrique Vendramini, Anna Maria A P Fernandes, Fábio L D'Alexandri, Marcos N Eberlin, Mario Binelli
Phospholipid metabolism and signaling influences on early pregnancy events in cattle are unknown. This study aimed to characterize global phospholipid composition of oviduct and uterus during early diestrus in a model of contrasting embryo receptivity. Beef cows were treated to ovulate a larger (LF-LCL group, associated with greater receptivity) or smaller follicle (SF-SCL group) and, consequently, to present greater or smaller plasma concentrations of estradiol during proestrus-estrus as well as progesterone during early diestrus...
October 19, 2016: Biology of Reproduction
V Muller, M Makhmadalieva, I Kogan, I Fedorova, E Lesik, E Komarova, L Dzhemlikhanova, D Niauri, A Gzgzyan, E Ailamazyan
BACKGROUND: Ectopic pregnancy (EP) has been reported to occur in 1.4-5.4% of all clinical pregnancies resulting from in vitro fertilization (IVF) and embryo transfer (ET). Data on factors associated with abnormal embryo implantation following assisted conception are limited. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to determine whether there is an association between the day (cleavage-stage, D3, versus blastocyst, D5) or the type (fresh versus frozen/thawed) of ET and EP rate...
October 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Xunian Zhou, Grace Gar-Lee Yue, Minghua Liu, Zhili Zuo, Julia Kin-Ming Lee, Mingyue Li, Stephen Kwok-Wing Tsui, Kwok-Pui Fung, Handong Sun, Jianxin Pu, Clara Bik-San Lau
Eriocalyxin B (EriB), a natural ent-kaurane diterpenoid isolated from the plant Isodon eriocalyx var. laxiflora, has emerged as a promising anticancer agent. The effects of EriB on angiogenesis were explored in the present study. Here we demonstrated that the subintestinal vein formation was significantly inhibited by EriB treatment (10, 15 μM) in zebrafish embryos, which was resulted from the alteration of various angiogenic genes as shown in transcriptome profiling. In human umbilical vein endothelial cells, EriB treatment (50, 100 nM) could significantly block vascular endothelial growth factors (VEGF)-induced cell proliferation, tube formation, cell migration and cell invasion...
October 14, 2016: Oncotarget
Saara Carollina Scolari, Guilherme Pugliesi, Ricardo de Francisco Strefezzi, Sónia Cristina Andrade, Luiz Lehmann Coutinho, Mario Binelli
We aimed to evaluate in the bovine endometrium whether (1) key genes involved in endometrial extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling are regulated by the endocrine peri-ovulatory milieu; and (2) specific endometrial ECM-related transcriptome can be linked to pregnancy outcome. In Experiment 1, pre-ovulatory follicle growth of cows was manipulated to obtain two groups with specific endocrine peri-ovulatory profiles: the Large Follicle-Large CL group (LF-LCL) served as a paradigm for greater receptivity and fertility and showed greater plasma pre-ovulatory estradiol and post-ovulatory progesterone concentrations when compared to the Small Follicle-Small CL group (SF-SCL)...
October 17, 2016: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Sangita Sharma, Abha Majumdar
Objective. To determine the optimal duration of progesterone supplementation prior to transfer of cryopreserved embryos and its impact on implantation and pregnancy rates. Study Design. Prospective randomised study. Materials and Methods. In an IVF unit of a tertiary centre, sixty-six patients undergoing cryopreserved embryo transfer cycles were included. Endometrial preparation was done with estradiol valerate. Once it reached a minimum of 7 mm, patients were allocated randomly into group I (n = 39) and group II (n = 27)...
2016: International Journal of Reproductive Medicine
Liying Ying, Xiaomin Chen, Lai Har Wu, Jing Shu, Xiangli Wu, Alice Yuen Loke
PURPOSE: Couples as dyads suffer from the diagnosis of infertility and related treatment. These couples commonly experience emotional and physical pain and tension in their marital lives. The purpose of this study is to report on the process of developing a potentially feasible and effective complex intervention for couples undergoing in vitro fertilization treatment in China. METHODS: The Medical Research Council (MRC) framework for developing and evaluating the complex intervention was adopted to guide the development of the Partnership and Coping Enhancement Programme (PCEP)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Kristin M Whitworth, Joshua A Benne, Lee D Spate, Stephanie L Murphy, Melissa S Samuel, Clifton N Murphy, Jürgen A Richt, Eric Walters, Randall S Prather, Kevin D Wells
The CRISPR/Cas9 genome editing tool has increased the efficiency of creating genetically modified pigs for use as biomedical or agricultural models. The objectives were to determine if DNA editing resulted in a delay in development to the blastocyst stage or in a skewing of the sex ratio. Six DNA templates (gBlocks) that were designed to express guide RNAs that target the transmembrane protease, serine S1, member 2 (TMPRSS2) gene were in vitro transcribed. Pairs of CRISPR guide RNAs that flanked the start codon and polyadenylated Cas9 were co-injected into the cytoplasm of zygotes and cultured in vitro to the blastocyst stage...
October 15, 2016: Transgenic Research
Adrian G Murphy, Rory Casey, Aoife Maguire, Miriam Tosetto, Clare T Butler, Emer Conroy, Alison L Reynolds, Kieran Sheahan, Diarmuid O'Donoghue, William M Gallagher, David Fennelly, Breandán N Kennedy, Jacintha O'Sullivan
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is a leading cause of cancer deaths. Molecularly targeted therapies (e.g. bevacizumab) have improved survival rates but drug resistance ultimately develops and newer therapies are required. We identified quininib as a small molecule drug with anti-angiogenic activity using in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo screening models. Quininib (2-[(E)-2-(Quinolin-2-yl) vinyl] phenol), is a small molecule drug (molecular weight 283.75 g/mol), which significantly inhibited blood vessel development in zebrafish embryos (p < 0...
October 14, 2016: Scientific Reports
W P Martins, C O Nastri, L Rienzi, S Z van der Poel, C Gracia, C Racowsky
OBJECTIVES: Blastocyst transfer could be advantageous because it allows a more physiologic timing of exposure of the embryo to the uterine environment and permit embryo self-selection after activation of the embryonic genome on day 3. Conversely, the in vitro environment is probably inferior to that provided in vivo and in vitro culture beyond embryonic genomic activation could potentially harm embryos. Our objective was to identify, appraise and summarize the available evidence comparing the effectiveness of blastocyst and cleavage stage embryo transfer...
October 12, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Reetika Singh, Sarvesh Pratap Kashyap, Nishi Kumari, Major Singh
Somatic embryogenic system was developed in Sapindus mukorossi Gaertn. using rachis as explants from a mature tree. Explants showed callus initiation on Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with TDZ (1-Phenyl-3-(1, 2, 3-thiadiazol-5-yl) urea), zeatin or 6-benzylaminopurine. Induction of somatic embryogenesis was achieved on both MS basal medium and MS medium supplemented with 8.88 µM 6-benzylaminopurine. Hundred percent embryogenesis was observed on MS medium supplemented with 8.88 µM 6-benzylaminopurine with maximum intensity of embryogenesis (51...
July 2016: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
Yuka Machida, Shiro Murata, Ayumi Matsuyama-Kato, Masayoshi Isezaki, Akira Taneno, Eishi Sakai, Satoru Konnai, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Gallid herpesvirus 2 (GaHV-2) causes malignant lymphomas in chickens (Marek's disease, MD). Although MD is controlled through vaccination efforts, field isolates of GaHV-2 have increased in virulence worldwide and even cause MD in vaccinated chickens. GaHV-2 strains are classified into four categories (mild, virulent, very virulent and very virulent +) based on the virulence exhibited in experimental infection in unvaccinated or MD-vaccinated susceptible chickens. Although MD cases are sporadically reported in Japan, the recent field strains of GaHV-2 in Japan have not been characterized...
October 8, 2016: Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Waleed F A Marei, D Claire Wathes, Kabir A Raheem, Omnia Mohey-Elsaeed, Fataneh Ghafari, Ali A Fouladi-Nashta
An increasing number of reports suggests a role of hyaluronan (HA) in female reproduction and interest in its application in assisted reproduction is rising. However, there are contrasting data about the effectiveness of adding HA to the embryo-transfer medium on improving pregnancy rates. Using sheep as an experimental model, the studies reported here analysed the impact of HA infusion into the uterus on embryo attachment to uterine luminal epithelium (LE) and expression of selected markers of uterine receptivity...
October 11, 2016: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
Vladimir Isachenko, Karl Sterzik, Robert Maettner, Evgenia Isachenko, Plamen Todorov, Gohar Rahimi, Peter Mallmann, Erwin Strehler, Igor Pereligin, José Luis Alabart, Markus Merzenich
In natural conditions the oocyte and embryo are subjected to ever changing dynamic processes. However, the routine assisted reproductive technologies today involve the use of static in vitro culture systems. Objective was to determine whether there is any difference in the viability of embryos after in vitro culture under static and mechanical micro-vibration condition. It was evaluated the viability of embryonic cells (9,624 embryos) generated from 4,436 couples after in vitro culture. For Groups <29 years, 30-34 years, 35-39 years and >40 years, the following rate of high quality embryos without fragmentation (2 to 4 blastomeres on Day 2; 6 to 8 blastomeres and compacting morula on Day 3; blastocyst, expanded and hatching blastocyst on Day 5) was detected (static vs...
October 7, 2016: Cell Transplantation
Jigal Haas, Jim Meriano, Carl Laskin, Yaakov Bentov, Eran Barzilay, Robert F Casper, Ken Cadesky
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the pregnancy rates between good quality blastocysts vitrified on day 6 versus blastocysts vitrified on day 5 after fertilization. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of 791 freeze-thaw cycles of blastocysts vitrified either on day 5 or on day 6 and transferred between January 2012 and October 2015. Five hundred and thirty-seven cycles included blastocysts vitrified on day 5, and 254 cycles included blastocysts vitrified on day 6...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Ying-Xue Zhang, Heng-Heng Xu, Shu-Jun Liu, Ni Li, Wei-Qing Wang, Ian M Møller, Song-Quan Song
Seed aging is a process that results in a delayed germination, a decreased germination percentage, and finally a total loss of seed viability. However, the mechanism of seed aging is poorly understood. In the present study, Yliangyou 2 hybrid rice (Oryza sativa L.) seeds were artificially aged at 100% relative humidity and 40°C, and the effect of artificial aging on germination, germination time course and the change in protein profiles of embryo and endosperm was studied to understand the molecular mechanism behind seed aging...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
María Paz Bidondo, Boris Groisman, Agostina Tardivo, Fabián Tomasoni, Verónica Tejeiro, Inés Camacho, Mariana Vilas, Rosa Liascovich, Pablo Barbero
BACKGROUND: Diprosopus is a subtype of symmetric conjoined twins with one head, facial duplication and a single trunk. Diprosopus is a very rare congenital anomaly. METHODS: This is a systematic review of published cases and the presentation of two new cases born in Argentina. We estimated the prevalence of conjoined twins and diprosopus using data from the National Network of Congenital Anomalies of Argentina (RENAC). RESULTS: The prevalence of conjoined twins in RENAC was 19 per 1,000,000 births (95% confidence interval, 12-29)...
October 5, 2016: Birth Defects Research. Part A, Clinical and Molecular Teratology
A R Crane, R R Redden, M L Van Emon, T L Neville, L P Reynolds, J S Caton, C S Schauer
In sheep, embryonic and fetal death during pregnancy can account for 25% to 50% of the total number of corpora lutea (and thus potential embryos). The objective of this study was to determine the effects of injectable and oral Arg supplementation provided for 14 d postbreeding on the reproductive performance of naturally stimulated fall lambing ewes. Rambouillet ewes ( = 210) were exposed to rams equipped with marking harnesses to induce cyclicity in April 2012. Upon estrus detection (d 0) ewes were randomly assigned, in a completely random design, to 1 of 6 treatments for a 14-d treatment period: injectable saline (CON; = 25), injectable Ala (IVALA; = 20), injectable Arg (IVARG; = 23), oral rumen-protected Arg (RPARG; = 20), oral fish meal (FM; = 24), or oral soybean meal (SBM; = 23)...
August 2016: Journal of Animal Science
Pouria HosseinNia, Mehdi Hajian, Mojtaba Tahmoorespur, Sayyed Morteza Hosseini, Somayyeh Ostadhosseini, Mohammad Reza Nasiri, Mohammad Hossein Nasr-Esfahani
BACKGROUND: Little is understood about the regulation of gene expression during early goat embryo development. This study investigated the expression profile of 19 genes, known to be critical for early embryo development in mouse and human, at five different stages of goat in vitro embryo development (oocyte, 8-16 cell, morula, day-7 blastocyst, and day 14 blastocyst). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this experimental study, stage-specific profiling using real time-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) revealed robust and dynamic patterns of stage-specific gene activity that fall into four major clusters depending on their respective mRNA profiles...
October 2016: International Journal of Fertility & Sterility
Chan Woo Park, Min Hye Choi, Kwang Moon Yang, In Ok Song
OBJECTIVE: To determine the preferred regimen for women with adenomyosis undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF), we compared the IVF outcomes of fresh embryo transfer (ET) cycles with or without gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist pretreatment and of frozen-thawed embryo transfer (FET) cycles following GnRH agonist treatment. METHODS: This retrospective study included 241 IVF cycles of women with adenomyosis from January 2006 to January 2012. Fresh ET cycles without (147 cycles, group A) or with (105 cycles, group B) GnRH agonist pretreatment, and FET cycles following GnRH agonist treatment (43 cycles, group C) were compared...
September 2016: Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine
Xuming Hu, Wenqi Zhu, Shihao Chen, Yangyang Liu, Zhen Sun, Tuoyu Geng, Chengyi Song, Bo Gao, Xiaoyan Wang, Aijian Qin, Hengmi Cui
Endogenous retroviruses (ERVs) are genomic elements that are present in a wide range of vertebrates and have been implicated in a variety of human diseases, including cancer. However, the characteristic expression patterns of ERVs, particularly in virus-induced tumours, is not fully clear. DNA methylation was analysed by bisulfite pyrosequencing, and gene expression was analysed by RT-qPCR. In this study, we first found that the endogenous avian retrovirus ALVE1 was highly expressed in some chicken tissues (including the heart, bursa, thymus, and spleen) at 2 days of age, but its expression was markedly decreased at 35 days of age...
September 29, 2016: Archives of Virology
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