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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805879/downregulation-of-hepatic-multi-drug-resistance-protein-1-mdr1-after-copper-exposure
#1
Sara Reinartz Groba, Sarah Guttmann, Christoph Niemietz, Friedrich Bernick, Vanessa Sauer, Oliver Hachmöller, Uwe Karst, Hans Zischka, Andree Zibert, Hartmut H Schmidt
Copper homeostasis is strictly regulated in mammalian cells. We investigated the adaptation of hepatocytes after long-term copper exposure. Copper-resistant hepatoma HepG2 cell lines lacking ATP7B were generated. Growth, copper accumulation, gene expression, and transport were determined. Hepatocyte-like cells derived from a Wilson disease (WD) patient and the liver of a WD animal model were also studied. The rapidly gained copper resistance was found to be stable, as subculturing of cells in the absence of added copper (weaning) did not restore copper sensitivity...
August 14, 2017: Metallomics: Integrated Biometal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803055/aristolochic-acid-and-its-derivatives-as-inhibitors-of-snake-venom-l-amino-acid-oxidase
#2
Payel Bhattacharjee, Indrani Bera, Subhamoy Chakraborty, Nanda Ghoshal, Debasish Bhattacharyya
Snake venom L-amino acid oxidase (LAAO) exerts toxicity by inducing hemorrhage, pneumorrhagia, pulmonary edema, cardiac edema, liver cell necrosis etc. Being well conserved, inhibitors of the enzyme may be synthesized using the template of the substrate, substrate binding site and features of the catalytic site of the enzyme. Previous findings showed that aristolochic acid (AA), a major constituent of Aristolochia indica, inhibits Russell's viper venom LAAO enzyme activity since, AA interacts with DNA and causes genotoxicity, derivatives of this compound were synthesized by replacing the nitro group to reduce toxicity while retaining the inhibitory potency...
August 9, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802998/on-the-sulfation-of-o-desmethyltramadol-by-human-cytosolic-sulfotransferases
#3
Mohammed I Rasool, Ahsan F Bairam, Katsuhisa Kurogi, Ming-Cheh Liu
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have demonstrated that sulfate conjugation is involved in the metabolism of the active metabolite of tramadol, O-desmethyltramadol (O-DMT). The current study aimed to systematically identify the human cytosolic sulfotransferases (SULTs) that are capable of mediating the sulfation of O-DMT. METHODS: The sulfation of O-DMT under metabolic conditions was demonstrated using HepG2 hepatoma cells and Caco-2 human colon carcinoma cells. O-DMT-sulfating activity of thirteen known human SULTs and four human organ specimens was examined using an established sulfotransferase assay...
February 16, 2017: Pharmacological Reports: PR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795692/the-novel-resveratrol-derivative-3-5-diethoxy-3-4-dihydroxy-trans-stilbene-induces-mitochondrial-ros-mediated-er-stress-and-cell-death-in-human-hepatoma-cells-in-vitro
#4
Jae-Woo Park, Woo-Gyun Choi, Phil-Jun Lee, Su-Wol Chung, Byung-Sam Kim, Hun-Taeg Chung, Sungchan Cho, Jong-Heon Kim, Byoung-Heon Kang, Hyoungsu Kim, Hong-Pyo Kim, Sung-Hoon Back
Resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene) is a well-known polyphenol that is present in grapes, peanuts, pine seeds, and several other plants. Resveratrol exerts deleterious effects on various types of human cancer cells. Here, we analyzed the cell death-inducing mechanisms of resveratrol-006 (Res-006), a novel resveratrol derivative in human liver cancer cells in vitro. Res-006 was more effectively suppressed the viability of HepG2 human hepatoma cells than resveratrol (the IC50 values were 67.2 and 354...
August 10, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792537/isolation-and-functional-characterization-of-hepatitis-b-virus-specific-t-cell-receptors-as-new-tools-for-experimental-and-clinical-use
#5
Karin Wisskirchen, Kai Metzger, Sophia Schreiber, Theresa Asen, Luise Weigand, Christina Dargel, Klaus Witter, Elisa Kieback, Martin F Sprinzl, Wolfgang Uckert, Matthias Schiemann, Dirk H Busch, Angela M Krackhardt, Ulrike Protzer
T-cell therapy of chronic hepatitis B is a novel approach to restore antiviral T-cell immunity and cure the infection. We aimed at identifying T-cell receptors (TCR) with high functional avidity that have the potential to be used for adoptive T-cell therapy. To this end, we cloned HLA-A*02-restricted, hepatitis B virus (HBV)-specific T cells from patients with acute or resolved HBV infection. We isolated 11 envelope- or core-specific TCRs and evaluated them in comprehensive functional analyses. T cells were genetically modified by retroviral transduction to express HBV-specific TCRs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780115/foreign-gene-expression-and-induction-of-antibody-response-by-recombinant-fowl-adenovirus-9-based-vectors-with-exogenous-promoters
#6
James G Ackford, Juan C Corredor, Yanlong Pei, Peter J Krell, Grégoy Bédécarrats, E Va Nagy
Fowl adenoviruses (FAdVs) are promising vectors for poultry vaccines and gene therapy. The commonly used human cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter in recombinant FAdV-9 viruses (recFAdV-9s) leads to foreign gene expression that elicits an antibody response. Despite its strength, studies have shown that the CMV promoter is prone to silencing by methylation hampering the in vivo application of vectors containing this promoter. Therefore, to improve our virus vector system and circumvent potential limitations of silencing, we engineered recFAdV-9s with foreign gene expression cassettes carrying the CMV enhancer/chicken β-actin (CAG) or the human elongation factor 1 alpha (EF1α) promoters with or without the posttranscriptional regulatory element of woodchuck hepatitis virus (WPRE)...
August 2, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775168/jcad-promotes-progression-of-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-to-liver-cancer-by-inhibiting-lats2-kinase-activity
#7
Juan Ye, Tian Sheng Li, Gang Xu, Yi-Ming Zhao, Ning-Ping Zhang, Jia Fan, Jian Wu
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis-associated hepatocellular carcinoma (NASH-HCC) is a malignancy whose incidents is rapidly increasing. However, the mechanisms that drive development of HCC in a steatotic microenvironment remain unknown. Here we report that the obesity-associated protein JCAD is expressed at significantly higher levels in human NASH-HCC specimens compared to peri-carcinoma specimens. High JCAD expression was verified in multiple hepatoma cell lines. Forced overexpression of JCAD in hepatoma cells promoted tumor growth and proliferation; whereas JCAD silencing yielded opposite effects...
August 3, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772350/claudin-1-mir-122-and-apolipoprotein-e-transduction-improves-the-permissivity-of-snu-182-snu-398-and-snu-449-hepatoma-cells-to-hepatitis-c-virus
#8
Carole Fournier, Thomas Walter Hoffmann, Virginie Morel, Véronique Descamps, Jean Dubuisson, Etienne Brochot, Catherine Francois, Gilles Duverlie, Sandrine Castelain, Francois Helle
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a human hepatotropic virus but many hepatoma cell lines are not permissive to this virus. In a previous study, we observed that SNU-182, SNU-398 and SNU-449 hepatoma cell lines were non-permissive to HCV. In order to understand the non-permissivity, we evaluated the ability of each cell line to support the different steps of HCV life cycle (entry, replication and production of infectious particles). Using retroviral pseudoparticles pseudotyped with HCV envelope proteins and recombinant HCV produced in cell culture, we observed that low level or absence of claudin-1 expression limited the viral entry process in SNU-182 and SNU-398 cells, respectively...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770176/inhibition-of-plasmodium-hepatic-infection-by-antiretroviral-compounds
#9
Marta Machado, Margarida Sanches-Vaz, João P Cruz, António M Mendes, Miguel Prudêncio
Recent WHO guidelines on control of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) call for the widespread use of antiretroviral (AR) therapy (ART) for people living with HIV. Given the considerable overlap between infections by HIV and Plasmodium, the causative agent of malaria, it is important to understand the impact of AR compounds and ART regimens on infections by malaria parasites. We undertook a systematic approach to identify AR drugs and ART drug combinations with inhibitory activity against the obligatory hepatic stage of Plasmodium infection...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769986/curcumin-induces-p53-null-hepatoma-cell-line-hep3b-apoptosis-through-the-akt-pten-foxo4-pathway
#10
An-Ting Liou, Mei-Fang Chen, Chu-Wen Yang
OBJECTIVE: Curcumin (diferuloylmethane) is a yellow-colored polyphenol with antiproliferative and proapoptotic activities to various types of cancer cells. This study explored the mechanism by which curcumin induces p53-null hepatoma cell apoptosis. RESULTS: AKT, FOXO1, and FOXO3 proteins were downregulated after curcumin treatment. Conversely, PTEN was upregulated. Subcellular fractionations revealed that the FOXO4 protein translocated from cytosol into the nucleus after curcumin treatment...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768874/pgc1%C3%AE-transcriptional-adaptor-function-governs-hepatitis-b-virus-replication-by-controlling-hbcag-p21-protein-mediated-capsid-formation
#11
Rasha E Shalaby, Saira Iram, Bülent Çakal, Claudia E Oropeza, Alan McLachlan
In the human hepatoma cell line, Huh7, co-expression of the coactivators, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma coactivator 1α (PGC1α), cAMP responsive element binding protein binding protein (CBP), steroid receptor coactivator 1 (SRC1) and protein arginine methyltransferase 1 (PRMT1) only modestly increase HBV biosynthesis. However, utilizing the human embryonic kidney cell line, HEK293T, it was possible to demonstrate that PGC1α alone can support viral biosynthesis independently of additional coactivator or transcription factor expression...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765889/downregulation-of-microrna-143-promotes-cell-proliferation-by-regulating-pkc%C3%AE%C2%B5-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#12
Hanqiu Tang, Xiaotao Li, Rui Yang
The abnormal expression of microRNAs (miRNAs) has been reported in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), however, the functional role of miR‑143 in HCC remains to be fully elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the effects of the downregulation of miR‑143 on HCC cell proliferation and apoptosis, and elucidated the underlying mechanism. Hepg2 and Hep3B human hepatoma cell lines cells were transfected with miR‑143 inhibitor. Following transfection, the cell viability and apoptosis were respectively determined using a 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2‑H‑tetrazolium bromide assay and flow cytometry, and the mRNA and protein levels of protein kinase Cε (PKCε) were examined...
July 27, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763865/-effect-of-platycodin-d-on-radiosensitivity-of-human-hepatoma-cell-line-and-related-mechanisms-of-action
#13
C G Zhu, L S Zhang
Objective: To investigate the effect of platycodin D on the radiosensitivity of human hepatoma cell lines HepG2 and SMMC-7721 and related mechanisms of action. Methods: MTT assay was used to analyze the effect of different concentrations of platycodin D with different treatment times on cell viability. The cells were pretreated with 5 μg/ml platycodin D for 24 hours followed by X-ray irradiation at different radiation doses. Colony-forming assay was used to measure the radiosensitizing effect of platycodin D on cells...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763863/-influence-of-phosphoglycerate-kinase-1-on-metastasis-and-invasion-of-hepatoma-cells-and-prognosis-of-liver-cancer
#14
L Zhang, Y C Wang, X Y Xie, J Chen, D M Gao, Z G Ren
Objective: To investigate the association between expression of phosphoglycerate kinase 1 (PGK1) in liver cancer tissue and prognosis, as well as its influence on metastasis and invasion of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cells. Methods: Overexpression and downregulated expression of PGK1 in HCC cells were mediated by lentivirus to establish hepatoma cell lines with different expression levels of PGK1. The Transwell chamber invasion assay, wound healing assay, and colony-forming assay were used to investigate the influence of PGK1 on metastasis, invasion, and proliferation of HCC cells...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763862/-a-screening-system-for-anti-metastatic-small-molecule-compounds-based-on-perinucleolar-compartment-prevalence-in-liver-cancer-cells
#15
F F Liu, G H Lou, Y N Liu, H H Zhu, Z Chen
Objective: To establish a screening system for anti-metastatic small-molecule compounds based on perinucleolar compartment (PNC) prevalence in liver cancer cells and to investigate its validity. Methods: Polypyrimidine tract-binding protein (PTB) monoclonal antibody was used to measure the PNC prevalence in HepG2, HepG2M, and Huh7 cells, and wound healing assay and transwell assay were used to analyze the migration and invasion abilities of hepatoma cells. HepG2M cells were used as the model for the screening of anti-metastatic small-molecule compounds, and after the treatment with the compounds A1, A4, and E696, qPCR was used to measure the expression of metastasis-related miRNAs (miR-141 and miR-200c)...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763860/-role-of-enolase-1-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma-and-possible-mechanism
#16
T T Yan, L N Ma, X Luo, Z H Lu, Q Liu, Y H Xu, X L Liu, X C Ding
Objective: To investigate the role of enolase 1 (ENO1) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and possible mechanism. Methods: Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression of ENO1 in HCC tissue, adjacent tissue, hepatoma cells, and normal hepatocytes. The siRNA interference technique was used for ENO1 knockout in HepG2 cells, and then CCK-8, colony formation assay, and transwell assay were used to measure the proliferation, migration, and invasion abilities of HepG2 cells. Real-time PCR and Western blot were used to measure the expression of proteins and genes involved in the activation of the Notch signaling pathway...
June 20, 2017: Zhonghua Gan Zang Bing za Zhi, Zhonghua Ganzangbing Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763157/a-unifying-mathematical-model-of-lipid-droplet-metabolism-reveals-key-molecular-players-in-the-development-of-hepatic-steatosis
#17
Christin Wallstab, Dimitra Eleftheriadou, Theresa Schulz, Georg Damm, Daniel Seehofer, Jürgen Borlak, Hermann-Georg Holzhütter, Nikolaus Berndt
The liver responds to elevated plasma concentrations of free fatty acids (FFAs) with an enhanced uptake of FFAs and their esterification to triacylglycerol (TAG). On the long term this may result in massive hepatic TAG accumulation called steatosis hepatitis. In hepatocytes, the poor water-soluble TAG is packed in specialized organelles: Lipid droplets (LDs) serving as transient cellular deposit and lipoproteins (LPs) transporting TAG and cholesterol esters to extra-hepatic tissues. The dynamics of these organelles is controlled by a variety of regulatory surface proteins (RSPs)...
August 1, 2017: FEBS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757460/critical-role-of-p21-on-olaquindox-induced-mitochondrial-apoptosis-and-s-phase-arrest-involves-activation-of-pi3k-akt-and-inhibition-of-nrf2-ho-1pathway
#18
Daowen Li, Chongshan Dai, Xiayun Yang, Fuyun Wang, Xiaohong Yu, Xilong Xiao, Shusheng Tang
Olaquindox, a quinoxaline 1,4-di-N-oxide, is known as an antibacterial agent and feed additive to treat bacterial infections and promote animal growth. However, the potential mechanism of toxicity is still unknown. The present study aims to explore the molecular mechanism of p21 on olaquindox-induced mitochondrial apoptosis and S-phase arrest in human hepatoma G2 cells (HepG2). As a result, olaquindox promoted production of ROS, suppressed the protein expression p21 in p53-independent way and phosphorylated p21...
July 27, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754854/anti-cancer-efficacy-of-biotinylated-chitosan-nanoparticles-in-liver-cancer
#19
Mingrong Cheng, Weiping Zhu, Qing Li, Dejian Dai, Yiming Hou
The present study investigated the synthesis of biotinylated chitosan (Bio-CS) from chitosan using a nanomaterial skeleton with biotin and the successful targeting of the formulation in liver cancer cells. Bio-CS was validated by fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy and hydrogen-1 nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. Bio-CS and plasmid DNA were used to construct Bio-CS/plasmid DNA nanoparticles according to the optimal molar ratio of 1:1 and the optimal pH-value of 5.5. Under these conditions, the parameters mean particle size, potential, encapsulation rate and drug loading, were 82...
July 10, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752973/-differences-of-therapeutic-efficacy-between-different-kinds-of-somatostatin-analogue-for-primary-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Xiu-He Lü, Chun-Hui Wang, Yan Xie
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of SOM230, octreotide and lanreotide on hepatocellular carcinoma cell line Bel-7402 In vivoand In vitro, and to analyze the differences of their therapeutic efficacy with relevant mechanisms. METHODS: At different time points (24, 48, 72 h), the cell counting kit-8 (CCK8) was used to evaluate cell proliferation (drug concentration 1×10(-10)-1×10(-5)mol/L) and the Annexin Ⅴ-FITC/PI staining was used to assess cell apoptosis (drug concentration 1×10(-5)mol/L), while the real-time quantitative PCR was used to detect cellular SSTRexpression changes before and after interventions...
July 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
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