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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923347/sulforaphane-improves-disrupted-er-mitochondria-interactions-and-suppresses-exaggerated-hepatic-glucose-production
#1
Emily Tubbs, Annika S Axelsson, Guillaume Vial, Claes B Wollheim, Jennifer Reuisset, Anders H Rosengren
AIMS: Exaggerated hepatic glucose production is one of the hallmarks of type 2 diabetes. Sulforaphane (SFN) has been suggested as a new potential anti-diabetic compound. However, the effects of SFN in hepatocytes are yet unclear. Accumulating evidence points to the close structural contacts between the ER and mitochondria, known as mitochondria-associated ER membranes (MAMs), as important hubs for hepatic metabolism. We wanted to investigate whether SFN could affect hepatic glucose production and MAMs...
September 16, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923322/cycloartane-type-triterpene-glycosides-anopanins-a-c-with-monoacyldigalactosylglycerols-from-anodendron-paniculatum
#2
Viet Duc Ho, Thi Nhu Hanh Hoang, Quoc Hung Vo, Van Kiem Phan, Tuan Anh Le, Viet Ty Pham, Minh Hien Nguyen, Takeshi Kodama, Takuya Ito, Hiroyuki Morita, Ain Raal, Thi Hoai Nguyen
Three cycloartane-type triterpene glycosides (anopanins A-C), together with three known monoacyldigalactosylglycerols gingerglycolipids A-C and (2S)-1-O-palmitoyl-3-O-[α-d-galactopyranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-galactopyranosyl]-sn-glycerol, were isolated from the aerial parts of Anodendron paniculatum collected in Viet Nam. The chemical structures of the present compounds were elucidated by means of 1D and 2D NMR and HRESIMS spectroscopy, and by comparing to the reported data in the literature. These compounds did not show significant growth inhibitory activities (IC50 > 100 μg/mL) against the tested cancer cell lines LU-1 (lung adenocarcinoma), KB (epidermoid carcinoma), Hep-G2 (hepatoma cancer), MKN-7 (stomach cancer), and SW-480 (colon adenocarcinoma)...
September 15, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916158/pyrrolizines-design-synthesis-anticancer-evaluation-and-investigation-of-the-potential-mechanism-of-action
#3
Ahmed M Gouda, Ahmed H Abdelazeem, Hany A Omar, Ashraf N Abdalla, Mohammed A S Abourehab, Hamed I Ali
A novel set of pyrrolizine-5-carboxamides has been synthesized and evaluated for their anticancer potential against human breast MCF-7, lung carcinoma A549 and hepatoma Hep3B cancer cell lines. Compound 10c was the most active against MCF-7 with IC50 value of 4.72µM, while compound 12b was the most active against A549 and Hep3B cell lines. Moreover, kinases/COXs inhibition and apoptosis induction were suggested as potential molecular mechanisms for the anticancer activity of the novel pyrrolizines based on their structural features...
August 24, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915586/hepatitis-c-virus-core-protein-targets-4e-bp1-expression-and-phosphorylation-and-potentiates-myc-induced-liver-carcinogenesis-in-transgenic-mice
#4
Cosette Abdallah, Charlène Lejamtel, Nassima Benzoubir, Serena Battaglia, Nazha Sidahmed-Adrar, Christophe Desterke, Matthieu Lemasson, Arielle R Rosenberg, Didier Samuel, Christian Bréchot, Delphine Pflieger, François Le Naour, Marie-Françoise Bourgeade
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is a leading cause of liver diseases including the development of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Particularly, core protein has been involved in HCV-related liver pathologies. However, the impact of HCV core on signaling pathways supporting the genesis of HCC remains largely elusive. To decipher the host cell signaling pathways involved in the oncogenic potential of HCV core, a global quantitative phosphoproteomic approach was carried out. This study shed light on novel differentially phosphorylated proteins, in particular several components involved in translation...
August 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912543/inhibition-of-fucosylation-by-2-fluorofucose-suppresses-human-liver-cancer-hepg2-cell-proliferation-and-migration-as-well-as-tumor-formation
#5
Ying Zhou, Tomohiko Fukuda, Qinglei Hang, Sicong Hou, Tomoya Isaji, Akihiko Kameyama, Jianguo Gu
Core fucosylation is one of the most important glycosylation events in the progression of liver cancer. For this study, we used an easily handled L-fucose analog, 2-fluoro-L-fucose (2FF), which interferes with the normal synthesis of GDP-fucose, and verified its potential roles in regulating core fucosylation and cell behavior in the HepG2 liver cancer cell line. Results obtained from lectin blot and flow cytometry analysis clearly showed that 2FF treatment dramatically inhibited core fucosylation, which was also confirmed via mass spectrometry analysis...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911860/glucose-elicits-serine-threonine-kinase-vrk1-to-phosphorylate-nuclear-pregnane-x-receptor-as-a-novel-hepatic-gluconeogenic-signal
#6
Saki Gotoh, Yuu Miyauchi, Rick Moore, Masahiko Negishi
Low glucose stimulated phosphorylation of pregnane X receptor (PXR) at Ser(350) in correlation with an increased gluconeogenesis in human hepatoma-derived HepG2 cells. Only glucose, but neither insulin nor glucagon, stimulated this phosphorylation. Here, serine/threonine kinase, vaccinia related kinase 1 (VRK1)-mediated phosphorylation of PXR is now defined as this glucose-elicited novel signal. In low glucose conditions, VRK1 directly phosphorylates PXR at Ser(350), enabling PO3-PXR to scaffold protein phosphatase PP2Cα...
September 11, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903311/development-of-hepatoma-derived-bidirectional-oval-like-cells-as-a-model-to-study-host-interactions-with-hepatitis-c-virus-during-differentiation
#7
Masahiko Ito, Suofeng Sun, Takasuke Fukuhara, Ryosuke Suzuki, Miho Tamai, Toyohiko Yamauchi, Kenji Nakashima, Yoh-Ichi Tagawa, Shigetoshi Okazaki, Yoshiharu Matsuura, Takaji Wakita, Tetsuro Suzuki
Directed differentiation of human stem cells including induced pluripotent stem cells into hepatic cells potentially leads to acquired susceptibility to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. However, cellular determinants that change their expression during cell reprogramming or hepatic differentiation and are pivotal for supporting the HCV life cycle remain unclear. In this study, by introducing a set of reprogramming factors, we established HuH-7-derived oval-like cell lines, Hdo-17 and -23, which possess features of bipotential liver precursors...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900305/berberine-ameliorates-fatty-acid-induced-oxidative-stress-in-human-hepatoma-cells
#8
Yixuan Sun, Xinlu Yuan, Feifei Zhang, Yamei Han, Xinxia Chang, Xi Xu, Yu Li, Xin Gao
Oxidative stress is thought to be critical for the pathogenesis of hepatic steatosis and its progress to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis. Berberine (BBR) can improve hepatic steatosis. In this study, we investigated the role of BBR in ameliorating oxidative stress. Lipid accumulation was measured in the livers of C57BL/6 mice fed a high fat diet (HFD) or a normal diet for 8 weeks, then either received BBR or vehicle for the study duration. Nrf2 distribution was detected in male Sprague-Dawley rats' livers in vivo and in Huh7 cells in vitro...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895408/sympathetic-and-parasympathetic-innervation-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#9
L Zhang, L L Wu, H B Huan, X J Chen, X D Wen, D P Yang, F Xia
Autonomic nervous system plays an important role in the development of multiple cancers via regulating cancer cell proliferation, differentiation, apoptosis, migration and invasion. However, no detailed studies have been performed to study the role of autonomic nerve fibers in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) as well as its correlation with the progression of HCC. Here, we examined the distribution of the autonomic nerve fibers and analyzed the correlation between autonomic nerve fibers and the pathological characteristics of HCC patients...
September 12, 2017: Neoplasma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894987/the-induction-of-apoptosis-and-autophagy-in-human-hepatoma-smmc-7721-cells-by-combined-treatment-with-vitamin-c-and-polysaccharides-extracted-from-grifola-frondosa
#10
Fei Zhao, Jin Zhao, Lei Song, Ya-Qing Zhang, Zhong Guo, Ke-Hu Yang
Polysaccharides extracted from the mushroom Grifola frondosa (GFP) are a potential anticancer agent. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of GFP and vitamin C (VC) alone and in combination on the viability of human hepatocarcinoma SMMC-7721 and HepG2 cells. Studies designed to detect cell apoptosis and autophagy were also conducted to investigate the mechanism. Results from the cell viability assay indicated that a combination of GFP (0.2 or 0.25 mg/mL) and VC (0.3 mmol/L) (GFP/VC) led to 52...
September 11, 2017: Apoptosis: An International Journal on Programmed Cell Death
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893683/sulfation-can-enhance-antitumor-activities-of-artemisia-sphaerocephala-polysaccharide-in-vitro-and-vivo
#11
Junlong Wang, Aijuan Bao, Qi Wang, Hongyun Guo, Yongdong Zhang, Junyu Liang, Weibao Kong, Jian Yao, Ji Zhang
In this study, a sulfated Artemisia sphaerocephala polysaccharide (ASPs) was prepared and its antitumor activity was evaluated in tumor cells and Hepatoma 22 (H22) tumor-bearing mice. In vitro experiments, ASPs significantly inhibited the growth of HepG2 and Hela cells with the IC50 values of 172.03 and 161.42μg/mL, respectively. Moreover, no direct cytotoxicity against mouse fibroblast L929 normal cells was observed in vitro. After oral administration for 12days, the tumor growth was significantly suppressed by ASPs at the doses of 200mg/kg (inhibition rate of 60...
September 8, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893626/low-density-lipoprotein-docosahexaenoic-acid-nanoparticles-induce-ferroptotic-cell-death-in-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#12
Weijun Ou, Rohit S Mulik, Arnida Anwar, Jeffrey G McDonald, Xiaoshun He, Ian R Corbin
Low-density lipoprotein nanoparticles reconstituted with the natural omega-3 fatty acid, docosahexaenoic acid (LDL-DHA), have been reported to selectively kill hepatoma cells and reduce the growth of orthotopic liver tumors in the rat. To date, little is known about the cell death pathways by which LDL-DHA nanoparticles kill tumor cells. Here we show that the LDL-DHA nanoparticles are cytotoxic to both rat hepatoma and human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) cell lines. Following LDL-DHA treatment both rat and human HCC cells experience pronounced lipid peroxidation, depletion of glutathione and inactivation of the lipid antioxidant glutathione peroxidase-4 (GPX4) prior to cell death...
September 8, 2017: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893247/cell-specific-mechanisms-of-tmem16a-ca-2-activated-chloride-channel-in-cancer
#13
REVIEW
Hui Wang, Liang Zou, Ke Ma, Jiankun Yu, Huizhe Wu, Minjie Wei, Qinghuan Xiao
TMEM16A (known as anoctamin 1) Ca(2+)-activated chloride channel is overexpressed in many tumors. TMEM16A overexpression can be caused by gene amplification in many tumors harboring 11q13 amplification. TMEM16A expression is also controlled in many cancer cells via transcriptional regulation, epigenetic regulation and microRNAs. In addition, TMEM16A activates different signaling pathways in different cancers, e.g. the EGFR and CAMKII signaling in breast cancer, the p38 and ERK1/2 signaling in hepatoma, the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK1/2 signaling in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma and bladder cancer, and the NFκB signaling in glioma...
September 11, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888651/necrotic-enteritis-locus-1-diguanylate-cyclase-and-phosphodiesterase-cyclic-di-gmp-gene-mutation-attenuates-virulence-in-an-avian-necrotic-enteritis-isolate-of-clostridium-perfringens
#14
Valeria R Parreira, Shivani Ojha, Dion Lepp, Iman Mehdizadeh Gohari, Hongzhuan Zhou, Leonardo Susta, Jianhua Gong, John F Prescott
Necrotic enteritis (NE) caused by netB-positive strains of Clostridium perfringens is an important disease of intensively-reared broiler chickens. It is widely controlled by antibiotic use, but this practice that has come under increasing scrutiny and alternative approaches are required. As part of the search for alternative approaches over the last decade, advances have been made in understanding its pathogenesis but much remains to be understood and applied to the control of NE. The objective of this work was to assess the effect on virulence of mutation of the cyclic-di-GMP signaling genes present on the large pathogenicity locus (NELoc-1) in the tcp-encoding conjugative virulence plasmid, pNetB...
September 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888048/involvement-of-nutrients-and-nutritional-mediators-in-mitochondrial-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-coa-synthase-gene-expression
#15
Tania Rescigno, Anna Capasso, Mario Felice Tecce
Mitochondrial 3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl-CoA (HMG-CoA) synthase (HMGCS2) catalyses the first step of ketogenesis and is critical in various metabolic conditions. Several nutrient molecules were able to differentially modulate HMGCS2 expression levels. Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6, n-3), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5, n-3), arachidonic acid (AA, C20:4, n-6) and glucose increased HMGCS2 mRNA and protein levels in HepG2 hepatoma cells, while fructose decreased them. The effect of n-6 AA resulted significantly higher than that of n-3 PUFA, but when combined all these molecules were far less efficient...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887170/synthesis-and-evaluation-of-antitumor-anti-inflammatory-and-analgesic-activity-of-novel-deoxycholic-acid-derivatives-bearing-aryl-or-hetarylsulfanyl-moieties-at-the-c-3-position
#16
Irina I Popadyuk, Andrey V Markov, Ekaterina A Morozova, Valeriya O Babich, Oksana V Salomatina, Evgeniya B Logashenko, Marina A Zenkova, Tat'yana G Tolstikova, Nariman F Salakhutdinov
Novel deoxycholic acid (DCA) derivatives were stereoselectively synthesised with -OH and -CH2SR moieties at the C-3 position, where R was a substituted aryl [2-aminophenyl (8) or 4-chlorophenyl (9)] or hetaryl [1-methylimidazolyl (5), 1,2,4-triazolyl (6), 5-amino-1,3,4-thiadiazolyl (7), pyridinyl (10) or pyrimidinyl (11)]. These compounds were prepared in good yields from the C-3β-epoxy derivative 2 in the epoxide ring-opening reaction by S-nucleophiles. These derivatives were evaluated for their in vitro anti-proliferation activity in a panel of tumor cell lines...
September 5, 2017: Steroids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885699/alteration-of-microrna-profiles-by-a-novel-inhibitor-of-human-la-protein-in-hbv-transformed-human-hepatoma-cells
#17
Jiaqian Pan, Shuangmei Tong, Jing Tang
A pyrazolopyridine HBSC11 was previously identified as a novel inhibitor of human La protein with anti-hepatitis B virus (HBV) activity. However, the underlying mechanism(s) of HBV inhibition by HBSC11 remains unclear. This study aimed to examine the regulation of microRNA (miRNA) by HBSC11 in HBV-transformed human hepatoma HepG2.2.15 cells using microarray and quantitative real-time PCR. Target genes of the differentially expressed miRNAs were predicted and subjected to bioinformatics analysis. Results showed that HBSC11 significantly upregulated the expression of miR-3912-5p, miR-6793-5p, and miR-7159-5p in HepG2...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884886/one-step-multigram-scale-biomimetic-synthesis-of-psiguadial-b
#18
Nicolai Cramer, Christopher Gordon Newton
A gram-scale synthesis of psiguadial B, a purported potent inhibitor of human hepatoma cell growth, has been achieved in one-step via a biomimetic three-component coupling of caryophyllene, benzaldehyde and diformylphloroglucinol. This cascade reaction is catalyzed by N,N'-dimethylethylenediamine, and proceeds at ambient temperature to generate four stereocenters, two rings, one C-O bond, and three C-C bonds. Combined computational and experimental investigations suggest the biosynthesis of the natural product is non-enzyme mediated, and is the result of a Michael addition between caryophyllene and a reactive ortho-quinone methide, followed by two sequential intramolecular cationic cyclization events...
September 8, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881713/therapeutic-vaccine-to-cure-large-mouse-hepatocellular-carcinomas
#19
Zhen Han, De Yang, Anna Trivett, Joost J Oppenheim
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common malignancies worldwide with limited therapeutic options. Here we report the development of a therapeutic vaccination regimen (shortened as 'TheraVac') consisting of intratumoral delivery of high-mobility group nucleosome-binding protein 1 (HMGN1), R848/resiquimod, and one of the checkpoint inhibitors (e.g. anti-CTLA4, anti-PD-L1, or low dose of Cytoxan). C57BL/6 mice harboring large (approximately 1 cm in diameter) established subcutaneous Hepa1-6 hepatomas were cured by intratumoral injections of TheraVac and became tumor-free long-term survivors...
August 8, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881553/-association-between-a-kinase-anchor-proteins-12-methylation-and-recurrence-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#20
Z J Liu, W Liu, C H Cui, L K Gu, B C Xing, D J Deng
Objective: To study the association between the AKAP12 promoter methylation and recurrence of hepatocellular carcinoma. Methods: A total of 142 primary liver cancer patients underwent surgery in department of Hepatobiliary surgery in Peking University Cancer Hospital from 2003 to 2009 were selected as subjects in the survey; with the inclusion criteria as hepatocellular carcinoma, no cancer cells were observed in the surgical margin(SM) samples. All patients had neither lymph nor distant metastasis at the time of surgery, and receiving complete follow-up data for at least 3 years...
September 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
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