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Autophagy and HIF-1

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29888265/hydrogen-rich-saline-activated-autophagy-via-hif-1-%C3%AE-pathways-in-neuropathic-pain-model
#1
Huixing Wang, Xiaodong Huo, Hongguang Chen, Bo Li, Jingzhi Liu, Wenting Ma, Xiaojuan Wang, Keliang Xie, Yonghao Yu, Kemei Shi
Background: Neuropathic pain is a chronic and intractable pain, with very few effective analgesics. It involves an impaired cell autophagy process. Hydrogen-rich saline (HRS) reportedly reduces allodynia and hyperalgesia in a neuropathic pain model; however, it is unknown whether these effects involve autophagy induction. Methods: We investigated the relationship between HRS and cell autophagy in a neuropathic pain model generated by chronic constriction injury (CCI) in Sprague-Dawley rats...
2018: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29809274/upregulation-of-autophagy-and-glycolysis-markers-in-keloid-hypoxic-zone-fibroblasts-morphological-characteristics-and-implications
#2
Okuno Ryoko, Yuko Ito, Nabil Eid, Yoshinori Otsuki, Yoichi Kondo, Koichi Ueda
Keloid is a fibro-proliferative skin disorder with tumor-like behavior and dependence on anaerobic glycolysis (the Warburg effect), but its exact pathogenesis is unknown. Although autophagy is widely accepted as a lysosomal pathway for cell survival and cellular homeostasis (specifically upon exposure to stressors such as hypoxia), very few studies have investigated the involvement of autophagy and related glycolytic effectors in keloidogenesis. Here the authors examined the expression and cellular localization of autophagy proteins (LC3, pan-cathepsin), glycolytic markers (LDH, MCT1, MCT4) and the transcription factor HIF isoforms in human keloid samples using immunohistochemical analysis and double-labeling immunofluorescence methods...
May 29, 2018: Histology and Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660204/hypoxia-induces-apoptosis-of-mouse-spermatocyte-gc-2-cells-through-activation-of-autophagy
#3
Jian Zhou, Chun-Ya Qian, Rui-Qing Tong, Bin Wang, Xue-Lei Chen, Yan-Yan Zhuang, Fei Xia, Qi He, Jin-Xing Lv
The aim of this study was to investigate the underlying mechanisms of hypoxia-induced apoptosis of GC-2spd (GC-2) cells. The GC-2 cells were treated with or without hypoxia for 12, 24, 48 and 72 h. Apoptosis of GC-2 cells was detected using TUNEL and flow cytometry. Fluorescence microscopic was used to observe the autophagy of GC-2 cells. Hypoxia-inducible factor-1alpha (HIF-1α), apoptosis-related protein and marker protein of autophagy levels were measured by Western blotting. Hypoxia induced apoptosis and autophagy of GC-2 cells, and increased expression of HIF-1α, LC3-II, Beclin-1 and pro-apoptotic protein, but reduced p62 and anti-apoptotic protein level...
April 16, 2018: Cell Biology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652869/effect-of-sustained-hypoxia-on-autophagy-of-genioglossus-muscle-derived-stem-cells
#4
Hengkun Wang, Dongsheng Zhang, Shanshan Jia, Shengyun Huang, Lili Xiao, Li Ma, Guangping Liu, Kun Gong, Le Xu
BACKGROUND Previous studies have demonstrated that sustained hypoxia in people with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) impairs upper airway muscle activity, but the underlying mechanism remains poorly understood. As autophagy acts as an important regulator under hypoxia stress, we performed an in vitro investigation of the effects of sustained hypoxia on autophagy of genioglossus muscle-derived stem cells (GG MDSC), an important component of the upper airway muscle. MATERIAL AND METHODS Genioglossus MDSCs were obtained from Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and identified by using immunofluorescence staining for CD34, Sca-1, and desmin...
April 13, 2018: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587264/different-adaptive-responses-to-hypoxia-in-normal-and-multiple-myeloma-endothelial-cells
#5
Irene Filippi, Ilaria Saltarella, Carlo Aldinucci, Fabio Carraro, Roberto Ria, Angelo Vacca, Antonella Naldini
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Hypoxia is a powerful stimulator of angiogenesis under physiological as well as pathological conditions. Normal endothelial cells (EC), such as human umbilical vein EC (HUVEC), are relatively affected by hypoxic insult in terms of cell survival. In contrast, EC from tumors are particularly resistant to hypoxia-induced cell death. Previous reports have shown that EC in bone marrow from multiple myeloma (MM) patients had a hypoxic phenotype, even under normoxic conditions...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568391/proline-oxidase-silencing-induces-proline-dependent-pro-survival-pathways-in-mcf-7-cells
#6
Ilona Zareba, Katarzyna Celinska-Janowicz, Arkadiusz Surazynski, Wojciech Miltyk, Jerzy Palka
Proline degradation by proline dehydrogenase/proline oxidase (PRODH/POX) contributes to apoptosis or autophagy. The identification of specific pathway of apoptosis/survival regulation is the aim of this study. We generated knocked-down PRODH/POX MCF-7 breast cancer cells (MCF-7shPRODH/POX ). PRODH/POX silencing did not affect cell viability. However, it contributed to decrease in DNA and collagen biosynthesis, increase in prolidase activity and intracellular proline concentration as well as increase in the expression of iNOS, NF-κB, mTOR, HIF-1α, COX-2, AMPK, Atg7 and Beclin-1 in MCF-7shPRODH/POX cells...
March 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511617/histone-methylation-regulates-hif-1-signaling-cascade-in-activation-of-hepatic-stellate-cells
#7
Fei Hong, Lu Wan, Jie Liu, Ke Huang, Zhenmeng Xiao, Yingjing Zhang, Chunwei Shi
Liver fibrosis is characterized by deposition of excessive extracellular matrix (ECM). The major source of ECM is activated hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). Previously, we reported that hypoxia-inducible factor-1 (Hif-1) regulates activation of HSCs through autophagy. In current work, human HSC cell line LX-2 was used as cell model. It was determined that trimethylation of H3 histone on lysine 4 (H3K4me3) occurred in the Hif-1 transcriptional complex. Inhibition of modifications of histone methylation suppressed Hif-1 nuclear transport, autophagosome formation, and activation of LX-2 cells...
March 2018: FEBS Open Bio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497029/ischemic-preconditioning-attenuates-ischemia-reperfusion-induced-kidney-injury-by-activating-autophagy-via-the-sgk1-signaling-pathway
#8
Ying Xie, Daofang Jiang, Jing Xiao, Chensheng Fu, Zhenxing Zhang, Zhibin Ye, Xiaoli Zhang
Ischemic preconditioning (IPC) has a strong renoprotective effect during renal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury that is thought to relate to autophagy. However, the role of autophagy during IPC-afforded renoprotection and the precise mechanisms involved are unknown. In this study, an in vitro hypoxia/reoxygenation (H/R) model was established in which oxygen and glucose deprivation (OGD) was applied to renal cells for 15 h followed by reoxygenation under normal conditions for 30 min, 2 h or 6 h; transient OGD and subsequent reoxygenation were implemented before prolonged H/R injury to achieve hypoxic preconditioning (HPC)...
March 1, 2018: Cell Death & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485009/oral-submucous-fibrosis-as-an-overhealing-wound-implications-in-malignant-transformation
#9
Mohit Sharma, Smitha Sammith Shetty, Raghu Radhakrishnan
BACKGROUND: Oral submucous fibrosis is an oral potentially malignant disorder with high incidence of malignant transformation and rising global prevalence. However, the genesis of oral submucous fibrosis is still unclear despite superfluity of literature. In the background of ineffective treatment, it is necessary to decode its onset and progression before designing customized treatment regimens. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to decipher the pathogenesis of oral submucous fibrosis in order to identify novel drug targets...
February 26, 2018: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416668/molecular-mechanisms-of-cardioprotective-effects-mediated-by-transplanted-cardiac-ckit-cells-through-the-activation-of-an-inflammatory-hypoxia-dependent-reparative-response
#10
Giovanni Puddighinu, Domenico D'Amario, Eleonora Foglio, Melissa Manchi, Andrea Siracusano, Elena Pontemezzo, Martina Cordella, Francesco Facchiano, Laura Pellegrini, Antonella Mangoni, Marco Tafani, Filippo Crea, Antonia Germani, Matteo Antonio Russo, Federica Limana
The regenerative effects of cardiac ckit+ stem cells (ckit+ CSCs) in acute myocardial infarction (MI) have been studied extensively, but how these cells exert a protective effect on cardiomyocytes is not well known. Growing evidences suggest that in adult stem cells injury triggers inflammatory signaling pathways which control tissue repair and regeneration. Aim of the present study was to determine the mechanisms underlying the cardioprotective effects of ckit+ CSCs following transplantation in a murine model of MI...
January 2, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328372/differential-microrna-expression-profiles-and-bioinformatics-analysis-between-young-and-aging-spontaneously-hypertensive-rats
#11
Jingfeng Wang, Jingjing Zhang, Xuefeng Ding, Yanyan Wang, Zhiming Li, Weipeng Zhao, Jianguo Jia, Jingmin Zhou, Junbo Ge
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) serve a role as important regulators in cardiac hypertrophy. The present study aimed to reveal the differential expression profile of miRNAs between young and aging spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHRs) and studied the functional annotation of predicted targets. Briefly, 3‑month‑old and 12‑month‑old SHRs (n=3/group) were subjected to echocardiography, histopathological analysis and dihydroethidium staining. Subsequently, small RNA sequencing and data processing was conducted to identify the differentially expressed miRNAs between these two groups...
March 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299120/hif-1%C3%AE-contributes-to-hypoxia-adaptation-of-the-naked-mole-rat
#12
Bang Xiao, Shiyong Wang, Guoshi Yang, Xiaoxi Sun, Shanmin Zhao, Lifang Lin, Jishuai Cheng, Wenjing Yang, Wei Cong, Wei Sun, Guanghan Kan, Shufang Cui
Background/Aims: Naked mole rats (NMRs) spend their lives in burrow systems containing very low levels of oxygen, indicating long-term hypoxic exposure, and suggesting that pathological changes caused by hypoxia are attenuated or absent in this hypoxia-tolerant species. The mechanisms underlying NMRs hypoxia tolerance remain poorly understood. In this study, we explored whether hypoxia inducible factor 1α (HIF-1α), and vascular endothelial growth factor A (VEGFA) play a role in NMRs adaption to hypoxia...
December 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278874/silencing-the-autophagy-specific-gene-beclin-1-contributes-to-attenuated-hypoxia-induced-vasculogenic-mimicry-formation-in-glioma
#13
Shujie Duan
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of Beclin-1 on vasculogenic mimicry (VM) induced by hypoxia in glioma. METHODS: CD34-PAS staining was carried out to observe VM formation, and immunohistochemistry was used to determine the expression levels of Beclin-1, HIF-1α, VEGF and MMP2 in 105 patients with primary glioma. Human glioma U87MG cells were divided into Normoxia, Hypoxia, Hypoxia + NC siRNA and Hypoxia + Beclin-1 siRNA groups. Cobalt chloride (CoCl2) was used to stimulate hypoxic conditions, and a VM tube formation assay was used to detect VM formation...
February 14, 2018: Cancer Biomarkers: Section A of Disease Markers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250140/effects-of-dimethyl-carbonate-induced-autophagic-activation-on-follicular-development-in-the-mouse-ovary
#14
Zonghao Tang, Zhenghong Zhang, Yedong Tang, Lingbin Qi, Fafu Yang, Zhengchao Wang
Dimethyl carbonate (DMC) is a widely used industrial chemical, which may be increasingly used in the future. However, its toxicity profile remains largely unknown. The present study was designed to investigate the effects of DMC exposure on the ovaries and the effect of autophagy activation on follicular development. Rats were randomly divided into a control group and low, medium and high dose DMC groups (all n=10). Histological analyses identified no marked differences in the rate of apoptosis between the control and low dose groups; however, marked apoptosis occurred in the medium and high dose groups...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152681/trichothecenes-immunomodulatory-effects-mechanisms-and-anti-cancer-potential
#15
REVIEW
Qinghua Wu, Xu Wang, Eugenie Nepovimova, Anca Miron, Qianying Liu, Yun Wang, Dongxiao Su, Hualin Yang, Li Li, Kamil Kuca
Paradoxically, trichothecenes have both immunosuppressive and immunostimulatory effects. The underlying mechanisms have not been fully explored. Early studies show that dose, exposure timing, and the time at which immune function is assessed influence whether trichothecenes act in an immunosuppressive or immunostimulatory fashion. Recent studies suggest that the immunomodulatory function of trichothecenes is also actively shaped by competing cell-survival and death-signaling pathways. Autophagy may also promote trichothecene immunosuppression, although the mechanism may be complicated...
December 2017: Archives of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098039/similarity-in-the-functions-of-hif-1%C3%AE-and-hif-2%C3%AE-proteins-in-cervical-cancer-cells
#16
Lixia Jiang, Shaohua Shi, Qiaofa Shi, Huijuan Zhang, Rong Hu, Meizhen Wang
Hypoxia is a common feature of many solid tumours, including cervical cancer. Aggressive tumour progression is mostly associated with hypoxia. Furthermore, hypoxic conditions in tumours are also associated with resistance to chemotherapy and radiation, and with poor prognosis. Hypoxia inducible factor (HIF)-1, composed of a constitutively expressed β-subunit (HIF-β/ARNT) and one of the three known oxygen-regulated α-subunits, HIF-1α, HIF-2α, or HIF-3α, mediates the tumour cell response to hypoxia. The distinction between the roles of HIF-1α and HIF-2α in tumorigenesis is not clearly delineated...
November 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045477/tubastatin-ameliorates-pulmonary-fibrosis-by-targeting-the-tgf%C3%AE-pi3k-akt-pathway
#17
Shigeki Saito, Yan Zhuang, Bin Shan, Svitlana Danchuk, Fayong Luo, Martina Korfei, Andreas Guenther, Joseph A Lasky
BACKGROUND: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic, progressive and fatal disease. Histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) alters function and fate of various proteins via deacetylation of lysine residues, and is implicated in TGF-β1-induced EMT (epithelial-mesenchymal transition). However, the role of HDAC6 in pulmonary fibrosis is unknown. METHODS: HDAC6 expression in IPF and control lungs was assessed by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) and immunoblots. Lung fibroblasts were treated with TGF-β1 ± HDAC6 inhibitors (Tubacin, Tubastatin, ACY1215, or MC1568), and fibrotic markers such as type I collagen were assessed using qRT-PCR and immunoblots...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017924/lncrna-cps1-it1-suppresses-emt-and-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer-by-inhibiting-hypoxia-induced-autophagy-through-inactivation-of-hif-1%C3%AE
#18
Wei Zhang, Weitang Yuan, Junmin Song, Shijun Wang, Xiaoming Gu
OBJECTIVE: Hypoxia is a common phenomenon in solid tumor microenvironment. Thereby, the aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms of tumor metastasis and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) regulated by lncRNA CPS1 intronic transcript 1 (CPS1-IT1) under hypoxia in CRC. METHODS: Expression of lncRNA CPS1-IT1, hypoxia-inducible factor-1 alpha (HIF-1α) and autophagy related protein (LC3) were initially assessed in human CRC tissues and in a series of CRC cell lines...
January 2018: Biochimie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962169/microrna-320-regulates-autophagy-in-retinoblastoma-by-targeting-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE
#19
Yong Liang, Xi Chen, Zhu Liang
Retinoblastoma (RB) is the most common malignancy in children. Due to refractory mechanisms of chemoresistance and the toxicity of chemotherapies, novel therapies for RB treatment are urgently required. MicroRNA-320 (miR-320) is believed to be associated with the tumorigenesis of RB, although the mechanism remains unclear. Considering the hypoxic intratumoral region, the roles of miR-320 and hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in the regulation of autophagy were investigated in 30 human RB samples and WERI-RB1 cells...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924179/detrimental-effect-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1%C3%AE-induced-autophagy-on-multiterritory-perforator-flap-survival-in-rats
#20
Long Wang, Zhicheng Jin, Jieke Wang, Shao Chen, Li Dai, Dingsheng Lin, Lingfeng Wu, Weiyang Gao
Hypoxia-inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) plays a key role in angiogenesis, improves flap survival, and activates autophagy. The effect of HIF-1α-induced autophagy is still debatable. Thus, we investigated the effect of HIF-1α-induced autophagy on multiterritory perforator flap survival. In this study, 99 male Sprague-Dawley rats received multiterritory perforator flap procedure and were divided into three groups with 33 each. The dimethyloxalylglycine (DMOG) plus 3-methyladenine (3-MA) group received intraperitoneal injection of DMOG (40 mg/kg) and 3-MA (10 mg/kg)...
September 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
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