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myocardial revascularization

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717775/impact-of-early-coronary-angiography-on-the-survival-to-discharge-after-out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest
#1
Jikyoung Shin, Eunsil Ko, Won Chul Cha, Tae Rim Lee, Hee Yoon, Sung Yeon Hwang, Tae Gun Shin, Min Seob Sim, Ik Joon Jo, Keun Jeong Song, Joong Eui Rhee, Yeon Kwon Jeong, Jin-Ho Choi
OBJECTIVE: Acute myocardial infarction is a major cause of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). Coronary angiography (CAG) enables diagnostic confirmation of coronary artery disease and subsequent revascularization, which might improve the prognosis of OHCA survivors. Non-randomized data has shown a favorable impact of CAG on prognosis for this population. However, the optimal timing of CAG has been debated. METHODS: The clinical outcomes of 607 OHCA patients registered in CAPTURES (Cardiac Arrest Pursuit Trial with Unique Registration and Epidemiologic Surveillance), a nationwide multicenter registry performed in 27 hospitals, were analyzed...
June 2017: Clinical and Experimental Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717068/first-in-man-trial-of-sio2-inert-coated-bare-metal-stent-system-in-native-coronary-stenosis%C3%A3-the-axetis-fim-trial
#2
Taku Asano, Pannipa Suwannasom, Yuki Katagiri, Yosuke Miyazaki, Yohei Sotomi, Robin P Kraak, Joanna Wykrzykowska, Benno J Rensing, Jan J Piek, Mariann Gyöngyösi, Patrick W Serruys, Yoshinobu Onuma
BACKGROUND: A novel bare metal stent with an SiO2coating was developed to prevent excessive neointimal hyperplasia by inertization of the metallic stent surface. The efficacy of the device was demonstrated in a preclinical model. The aim of this first-in-man trial was to assess the safety and feasibility of the new device.Methods and Results:This prospective non-randomized single-arm trial was designed to enroll 35 patients with a de novo coronary lesion. Quantitative coronary angiography and optical coherence tomography (OCT) were performed at the baseline procedure and at the 6-month follow-up...
July 14, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716521/update-on-quality-of-care-in-hispanics-and-other-racial-ethnic-groups-in-the-united-states-discharged-with-the-diagnosis-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-2013
#3
Tomás Romero, Kristina L Greenwood, Dale Glaser
BACKGROUND: Disparities in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) care and outcomes have been frequently reported in racial-ethnic minorities in the U.S. Some studies have attributed disparities in Hispanics and other minorities to lower quality of services at hospitals where they seek care. Current information from hospitals with large Hispanic representations and updated quality resources is needed. METHODS: Retrospective observational study of 839 AMI patients discharged in 2013 from three Southern California Hospitals (A, B, C) with tertiary cardiac care level...
July 8, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716428/high-intensity-statin-treatments-in-clinically-stable-patients-on-aspirin-monotherapy-12-months-after-drug-eluting-stent-implantation-a-randomized-study
#4
Eui Im, Yun-Hyeong Cho, Yongsung Suh, Deok-Kyu Cho, Ae-Young Her, Yong Hoon Kim, Kyounghoon Lee, Woong Chol Kang, Kyeong Ho Yun, Sang-Yong Yoo, Sang-Sig Cheong, Dong-Ho Shin, Chul-Min Ahn, Jung-Sun Kim, Byeong-Keuk Kim, Young-Guk Ko, Donghoon Choi, Yangsoo Jang, Myeong-Ki Hong
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Current guidelines on the treatment of blood cholesterol recommend continuous maintenance of high-intensity statin treatment in drug-eluting stent (DES)-treated patients. However, high-intensity statin treatment is frequently underused in clinical practice after stabilization of DES-treated patients. Currently, the impact of continuous high-intensity statin treatment on the incidence of late adverse events in these patients is unknown. We investigated whether high-intensity statin treatment reduces late adverse events in clinically stable patients on aspirin monotherapy 12 months after DES implantation...
July 14, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716335/management-of-chronic-total-coronary-occlusion-in-stable-ischemic-heart-disease-by-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-versus-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-versus-medical-therapy
#5
Mony Shuvy, Feng Qiu, Alyssandra Chee-A-Tow, John J Graham, Wael Abuzeid, Christopher Buller, Bradley H Strauss, Harindra C Wijeysundera
Coronary chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are found in approximately 20% of angiograms. We sought to assess the variation in the management of patients with CTOs and to compare the clinical outcomes of CTO lesions with those of non-CTO lesions. We conducted a population-based cohort study and included all patients with stable angina who underwent cardiac catheterization from October 1, 2012, to June 30, 2013, in Ontario, Canada. The primary outcome was a composite of mortality and hospitalization for myocardial infarction...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716008/does-infection-with-human-immunodeficiency-virus-have-any-impact-on-the-cardiovascular-outcomes-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#6
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Manish Pursun, Wei-Qiang Huang
BACKGROUND: A direct link between human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients and the risk of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has been shown in recent scientific research. However, this issue is controversial since other previous reports showed no apparent impact of HIV or its anti-retroviral drugs on the cardiovascular system. We aimed to systematically compare the postinterventional adverse cardiovascular outcomes which were observed in patients with and without HIV infection during a mean follow up period ranging from 1 year to 3 years...
July 17, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714525/dedicated-bifurcation-stents-or-regular-drug-eluting-stents-in-distal-left-main-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#7
Adam Kern, Robert J Gil, Krystian Bojko, Bartłomiej Rzeszowski, Krzysztof Bednarski, Jerzy Górny, Jacek Bil
BACKGROUND: Mainly atherosclerosis develops in distal left main (LM) within bifurcation or trifurcation. The aim of this study was to analyze the strategy of distal LM stenosis treatment and associated clinical outcomes in a large hospital in Northern Poland. METHODS: The study population consisted of consecutive patients with stable coronary artery disease or acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and distal LM stenosis who were hospitalized between June 2012 and June 2013...
July 17, 2017: Cardiology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712683/-stratification-of-thoracic-pain-with-modified-heart-score-and-its-relationship-to-short-term-cardiovascular-events
#8
Manuel Chacón-Diaz, Jorge Salinas, Rafael Doig
OBJECTIVE: Chest pain is a major reason for emergency room care worldwide. The relationship between the Modified Heart Score and the presence of major cardiac events at 30 days after emergency admission was evaluated. METHODS: Retrospective, observational study in a single center. In patients older than 18 years old, who were treated for chest pain, in whom the Modified HEART Score was applied at admission and related to the presence of major cardiac events (myocardial infarction, death, hospitalization due to cardiac causes and percutaneous coronary revascularization Or surgical) at 30 days of follow-up...
July 13, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712433/two-year-prognosis-after-acute-coronary-syndrome-in-younger-patients-association-with-feeling-depressed-in-the-prior-year-and-bdi-ii-score-and-endothelin-1
#9
Luba Yammine, Lorraine Frazier, Nikhil S Padhye, Jennifer E Sanner, Matthew M Burg
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effects of depressive symptoms and Endothelin (ET)-1 on 2-year prognosis in younger patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Depression is associated with poor post-ACS prognosis; however, few investigations have focused on younger patients. Importantly, the studies that did emphasize younger patients suggested that the influence of depression on prognosis could be more robust in younger subgroups. The particular links between depression and poor prognosis in younger patients have yet to be definitively determined...
August 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709701/optical-coherence-tomography-guidance-for-the-management-of-angiographically-intermediate-left-main-bifurcation-lesions-early-clinical-experience
#10
Ilaria Dato, Francesco Burzotta, Carlo Trani, Andrea Romano, Lazzaro Paraggio, Cristina Aurigemma, Italo Porto, Antonio Maria Leone, Giampaolo Niccoli, Filippo Crea
BACKGROUND: Left main (LM) atherosclerotic lesions affect clinical outcomes. Frequency domain-optical coherence tomography (FD-OCT) allows detailed characterization of non-ostial coronary atherosclerotic lesions. The clinical impact of FD-OCT assessment of LM bifurcation disease on the revascularization decision is unknown. METHODS: Patients who underwent FD-OCT assessment to guide management of angiographically intermediate distal LM stenosis were retrospectively selected...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707379/three-and-6-month-optical-coherence-tomographic-surveillance-following-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-with-the-angiolite%C3%A2-drug-eluting-stent-the-anchor-study
#11
Rishi Puri, Imanol Otaegui, Manel Sabaté, Antonio Serra-Peñaranda, Marti Puigfel, Armando Perez de Prado, Luis Nombela-Franco, Jose M de la Torre Hernandez, Rosario Ortas Nadal, Andres Iniguez-Romo, Gustavo Jiménez, Felipe Fernandez-Vazquez, Carlos Cuellas-Ramon, Nieves Gonzalo, Victor Alfonso Jiménez Diaz, Lluis Duocastella, Maria Molina, Marc Amoros, Isabel Perez, Alberto Barria Perez, Emilie Pelletier Beaumont, Stephen J Nicholls, Bruno Garcia Del Blanco, Josep Rodés-Cabau
BACKGROUND: Pre-clinical results of a novel open-cell, thin strut, durable polymer, laser cut cobalt chromium sirolimus-eluting stent (Angiolite) were promising. Using quantitative optical coherence tomographic (OCT) analyses, we explored the healing characteristics of the Angiolite DES system at 3- and 6-months post implantation. METHODS: A total of 103 patients with de novo coronary lesions underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with the Angiolite DES and were randomized 1:3 into two cohorts for angiographic and OCT follow-up, with 28 and 70 patients returning for 3- or 6-month post-PCI surveillance, respectively...
July 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707375/clinical-outcomes-with-reservoir-based-polymer-free-amphilimus-eluting-stents-in-real-world-patients-according-to-diabetes-mellitus-and-complexity-the-investig8-registry
#12
Gennaro Sardella, Pieter Stella, Mauro Chiarito, Antonio M Leone, Vruyr Balian, Franco Prosperi, Giovanni Sorropago, Massimo Mancone, Simone Calcagno, Carlo Briguori, Giulio G Stefanini
BACKGROUND: Patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) remain at higher risk of restenosis after percutaneous coronary intervention despite the use of contemporary drug-eluting stents. The Cre8 amphilimus-eluting stent (AES) has shown promising results in DM patients. Whether this holds true irrespective of patient's clinical and angiographic complexity is unknown. METHODS: Five hundred and ninety five consecutive patients (738 lesions) undergoing AES implantation were included in the INVESTIG8 multicenter registry...
July 14, 2017: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706125/a-meta-analysis-of-contemporary-lesion-modification-strategies-during-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-244-795-patients-from-22-studies
#13
Barbara Anna Danek, Aris Karatasakis, Judit Karacsonyi, Waleed Alharbi, Michele Roesle, Bavana V Rangan, M Nicholas Burke, Subhash Banerjee, Emmanouil S Brilakis
OBJECTIVES: Outcomes with use of lesion-modification strategies in the drug-eluting stent era have received limited study. METHODS: We conducted a meta-analysis of 22 studies published between 2004-2016 reporting outcomes after use of rotational atherectomy, cutting-balloon, and scoring-balloon angioplasty. RESULTS: In observational trials, acute luminal gain was higher after lesion modification as compared with control (standardized mean difference, 0...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705045/percutaneous-coronary-interventions-of-chronic-total-occlusions-a-review-of-clinical-indications-treatment-strategy-and-current-practice
#14
Johan Bennett, Peter Kayaert, Yoann Bataille, Jo Dens
Chronic total occlusions (CTOs) are commonly encountered in patients undergoing coronary angiography, but percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for CTO is currently infrequently performed owing to the perception of limited clinical benefit, high complexity and cost of intervention, and perceived risk of complications. Numerous observational studies have demonstrated that successful CTO revascularization is associated with better cardiovascular outcomes and enhanced quality of life (QOL). However, in the absence of randomized trials, its prognostic benefit remains debated...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704242/long-term-clinical-outcome-after-implantation-of-the-self-expandable-stentys-stent-in-a-large-multicenter-cohort
#15
Luise Gaede, Christoph Liebetrau, Oliver Dörr, Johannes Blumenstein, Albrecht Elsässer, Christian W Hamm, Helge Möllmann, Christian Schlundt, Holger M Nef, Stephan Achenbach
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to retrospectively evaluate the long-term clinical outcome after implantation of the self-expandable (SE) STENTYS stent in a large multicenter cohort. BACKGROUND: Incomplete stent apposition is known to cause higher rates of myocardial infarction (MI) and stent thrombosis. Because of its self-expanding features, the SE STENTYS stent adapts to the vessel wall and is therefore expected to minimize malapposition and therefore the rates of MI and stent thrombosis...
July 12, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704241/prognostic-value-of-electrocardiogram-exercise-testing-for-risk-stratification-in-asymptomatic-coronary-artery-disease
#16
Sara L Guerreiro, Jorge M Ferreira, João M Calqueiro, Miguel S Mendes
BACKGROUND: Several variables of electrocardiogram exercise testing (EET) predict cardiovascular events in the general population and in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). However, most of the studies have not included patients with asymptomatic CAD. The aim of this study was to evaluate the prognostic value of EET in asymptomatic CAD patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective single-center analysis including all patients with asymptomatic CAD documented by angiography who underwent EET from January 2010 to December 2013...
July 12, 2017: Coronary Artery Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703300/a-point-based-prediction-model-for-cardiovascular-risk-in-orthotopic-liver-transplantation-the-car-olt-score
#17
Lisa B VanWagner, Hongyan Ning, Maureen Whitsett, Josh Levitsky, Sarah Uttal, John T Wilkins, Michael M Abecassis, Daniela P Ladner, Anton I Skaro, Donald M Lloyd-Jones
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) complications are important causes of morbidity and mortality after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). There is currently no preoperative risk assessment tool that allows physicians to estimate the risk for CVD events following OLT. We sought to develop a point-based prediction model (risk score) for CVD complications after OLT, the CAR-OLT risk score, among a cohort of 1024 consecutive patients aged 18-75 years who underwent first OLT in a tertiary-care teaching hospital (2002-2011)...
July 13, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701632/clinical-features-and-gaps-in-the-management-of-probable-familial-hypercholesterolemia-and-cardiovascular-disease
#18
Barak Zafrir, Ayman Jubran, Gil Lavie, David A Halon, Moshe Y Flugelman, Chen Shapira
BACKGROUND: Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is associated with premature atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). The introduction of potent therapeutic agents underlies the importance of improving clinical diagnosis and treatment gaps in FH.Methods and Results:A regional database of 1,690 adult patients with high-probability FH based on age-dependent peak-low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) cut-offs and exclusion of secondary causes of severe hypercholesterolemia, was examined to explore the clinical manifestations and current needs in the management of ASCVD, which was present in 248 patients (15%), of whom 83% had coronary artery disease (CAD); 19%, stroke; and 13%, peripheral artery disease...
July 12, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700669/long-term-health-outcomes-in-patients-with-a-history-of-myocardial-infarction-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Navdeep Tangri, Thomas W Ferguson, Reid H Whitlock, Claudio Rigatto, Davinder S Jassal, Malek Kass, Olga Toleva, Paul Komenda
BACKGROUND: Myocardial infarction (MI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality, particularly in the first 12 months post-event. Interventions such as dual antiplatelet therapy can reduce the risk of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE), but the duration of the high-risk time interval and the optimal prescription time frame for these interventions remains unknown. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, AND MEASUREMENTS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from medical services and hospitalizations in Manitoba, Canada for patients admitted with a MI between April 2006 and March 2010, and followed until Nov 30, 2014...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700502/adverse-cardiovascular-events-associated-with-biodegradable-polymer-drug-eluting-stents-and-durable-polymer-everolimus-eluting-stents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-10-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Pravesh Kumar Bundhun, Girish Janoo, Chandra Mouli Yanamala, Feng Huang
BACKGROUND: Controversies have been observed among network meta-analyses comparing biodegradable polymer drug-eluting stents (BP-DES) with durable polymer drug-eluting stents (DP-DES). We aimed to compare the adverse cardiovascular events associated with BP-DES and durable polymer everolimus-eluting stents (DP-EES) using a large number of patients obtained from randomized controlled trials (RCTs). METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for randomized trials comparing BP-DES with DP-EES...
July 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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