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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221765/advances-in-fetal-echocardiography
#1
REVIEW
Helena M Gardiner
The development of fetal echocardiography and success in prenatal cardiac screening programs over the past 30 years has been driven by technical innovation and influenced by the different approaches of the various specialties practicing it. Screening for congenital heart defects no longer focuses on examining a limited number of pregnant women thought to be at increased risk, but instead forms an integrated part of a high-quality anatomical ultrasound performed in the second trimester using the 'five-transverse view' protocol...
December 5, 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221746/clinical-and-neuroimaging-characteristics-of-cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis-in-neonates-undergoing-cardiac-surgery
#2
Nathalie H P Claessens, Selma O Algra, Nicolaas J G Jansen, Floris Groenendaal, Esther de Wit, Alexander A Wilbrink, Felix Haas, Antonius N J Schouten, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Manon J N L Benders, Linda S de Vries
OBJECTIVES: Neonates with congenital heart disease may have an increased risk of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis, but incidence rates are lacking. This study describes the clinical and neuroimaging characteristics of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in neonates undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: Forty neonates (78% male) requiring neonatal univentricular or biventricular cardiac repair using cardiopulmonary bypass were included. All underwent preoperative (median postnatal day 7) and postoperative (median postoperative day 7) magnetic resonance imaging of the brain, including venography, to detect cerebral sinovenous thrombosis...
November 8, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221637/effect-of-previous-abdominal-surgery-and-gallbladder-appearance-on-biliary-atresia-outcomes
#3
Ayman Goneidy, Evelyn Geok Peng Ong
BACKGROUND: Biliary atresia (BA) is typically treated by Kasai portoenterostomy (KPE), and there is a relationship between age at surgery and outcome. We hypothesize that previous abdominal surgery (PAS) for associated congenital intestinal conditions could be used to identify BA earlier, perhaps improving prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective case note review was performed of all BA patients at a single centre from 1999 to 2016. Demographics and clinical outcome data were collected...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221334/minimally-invasive-multi-disciplinary-approach-for-surgical-management-of-a-mediastinal-congenital-bronchogenic-cyst-in-a-6-month-old-infant
#4
Xiao-Hua Li, Tao Zhang, Sheng Wang, Biao-Chuan He, Xue-Ning Yang, Wen-Zhao Zhong, Ji-Mei Chen
We present a case of prenatal diagnosis of a mediastinal cyst by ultrasound, confirmed during infancy through computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A 6-month-old male infant was admitted to the hospital. A mid-mediastinal cyst was detected through a province-wide fetal ultrasonography screening program. During the infancy stage, the CT scan and the MRI confirmed the finding of a mediastinal cyst. Based on the findings on prenatal ultrasonography and postnatal imaging studies (CT, MRI), a benign mediastinal cyst was suspected...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217635/early-days-in-congenital-heart-surgery-in-the-uk-the-peacock-club
#5
Tom Treasure
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 7, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217153/patterns-of-transition-experience-for-parents-going-home-from-hospital-with-their-infant-after-first-stage-surgery-for-complex-congenital-heart-disease
#6
Kerry L Gaskin
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore parents' experiences of one specific timepoint in their infant's journey: the transition from hospital to home, following the first stage of their infant's cardiac surgery for complex congenital heart disease. DESIGN AND METHODS: A prospective longitudinal mixed methods study, underpinned with Middle Range Transition Theory (Meleis, Sawyer, Im, Hilfinger Messias, & Schumacher, 2000). Face to face and telephone interviews were conducted and self-report forms completed by parents at four-time points: before discharge (T0), 2weeks after discharge (T1), 8weeks after discharge (T2) and after stage two surgery (T3)...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217055/outcome-measurement-for-vascular-malformations-of-the-head-and-neck
#7
REVIEW
Sophie E R Horbach, Amber P M Rongen, Teresa M O, Milton Waner, Chantal M A M van der Horst
Vascular malformations are congenital anomalies of the vascular and/or lymphatic system that affect the head and neck region. The most common treatment options are sclerotherapy, laser therapy, surgery, and embolization. Because vascular malformations are variable in type, size, extent, and location, it is a challenge to select methods for evaluation of treatment outcome. Without standardized outcome reporting, it is difficult to compare and combine scientific evidence to support therapeutic decision making...
February 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217020/cataract-surgery-outcomes-and-complications-in-retinal-dystrophy-patients
#8
Emma C Davies, Roberto Pineda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate intraoperative complications, postoperative findings, and visual acuity outcomes in patients with retinal dystrophy after cataract surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at an academic tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty eyes from 18 patients with retinitis pigmentosa and other retinal dystrophies (Usher syndrome, Refsum disease, and Leber congenital amaurosis) who underwent cataract surgery were identified by searching the electronic medical record system from January 2010 to September 2015 for all patients treated by a single physician with billing codes for retinal dystrophy and cataract surgery...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216946/-diagnostic-significance-of-urinary-neutrophil-gelatin-enzyme-related-lipid-delivery-protein-and-kidney-injury-molecule-1-in-acute-kidney-injury-after-cardiac-operation-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass-operation-in-children
#9
Yupeng Wen, Zongxiao Li, Cheng Chang, Peng Zhang, Yang Lyu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the diagnostic value of urinary neutrophil gelatin enzyme-related lipid delivery protein (NGAL) and kidney injury molecule-1 (KIM-1) in the acute kidney injury (AKI) after cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) operation in children with non-cyanotic congenital heart disease (CHD). METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted. 200 CPB undergoing cardiac surgery in children with non-cyanotic CHD admitted to Tianjin Children's Hospital from June 2015 to May 2017 were enrolled...
December 2017: Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216694/-evidence-level-and-grade-of-recommendation-of-the-ponseti-method-for-arthrogryposis-related-syndromic-talipes-equinovarus-and-moebius-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#10
J J Guerra-Jasso, J A Valcarce-León, H M Quíntela-Núñez-Del Prado
BACKGROUND: Adduct congenital talipes equinovarus (CTE) or clubfoot is a common musculoskeletal malformation affecting between 1 and 4.5 out of every 1000 live births. It is usually associated with arthrogryposis and Moebius syndrome with the latter two being more difficult to treat as they require aggressive surgery to achieve a plantigrade foot. We therefore ask what is the evidence level and grade of recommendation of the Ponseti method to treat syndromic talipes equinovarus resulting from arthrogryposis and Moebius syndrome...
July 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214375/review-surgical-treatment-of-giant-coronary-aneurysms-in-pediatric-patients-with-kawasaki-disease
#11
Masami Ochi
In Kawasaki disease (KD), giant coronary aneurysms in the proximal segments of the coronary arteries have long been among the serious complications associated with acute myocardial infarction. To treat myocardial ischemia in children, Kitamura et al. first performed coronary artery bypass grafting in a pediatric patient using an autologous saphenous vein. In the early 1980s, they began to use the internal thoracic artery (ITA) as a bypass graft to the left anterior descending artery, which later was proven to improve long-term life expectancy with its favorable long-term patency, as well as growth potential...
December 6, 2017: General Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212424/surgical-complications-of-cochlear-implantation-in-a-tertiary-university-hospital
#12
Al Hussein Awad, Usama M Rashad, Nihal Gamal, Mostafa A Youssif
INTRODUCTION: Cochlear implantation remains a popular and effective therapy for patients with sensorineural hearing loss that not get benefit from conventional hearing aids Objective: To analyze the surgical complications obtained in patients that underwent cochlear implantation in a tertiary university hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of the medical files of cochlear implant patients who underwent surgery at our institution between October 2014 and July 2016...
December 7, 2017: Cochlear Implants International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211219/incidence-and-treatment-of-chylothorax-in-children-undergoing-corrective-surgery-for-congenital-heart-diseases
#13
Nicolle Martin Christofe, Cristiane Felix Ximenes Pessotti, Laércio Paiva, Ieda Biscegli Jatene
INTRODUCTION: Chylothorax is a lymphatic extravasation into pleural cavity and its incidence is 0.25%-5.3% in children undergoing cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of chylothorax in pediatrics patients operated, linking it in each surgical intervention. Evaluate treatment types and efficiency. METHODS: Retrospective study using medical records of children undergoing cardiac surgery in the Hospital do Coração between 2004 and 2014...
September 2017: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210952/survey-of-the-american-neurotology-society-on-cochlear-implantation-part-1-candidacy-assessment-and-expanding-indications
#14
Matthew L Carlson, Douglas P Sladen, Richard K Gurgel, Nicole M Tombers, Christine M Lohse, Colin L Driscoll
OBJECTIVE: To examine practice variance of cochlear implant candidacy assessment and off-label indications across centers in the United States. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of the American Neurotology Society (ANS). RESULTS: A total of 81 surveys were returned from ANS members who report regular involvement in cochlear implant care. Overall there was a broad distribution in age and clinical experience, with most respondents reporting ACGME accreditation in neurotology and employment at an academic center...
November 28, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210924/intraventricular-hemorrhage-in-moderate-to-severe-congenital-heart-disease
#15
Cynthia M Ortinau, Jagruti S Anadkat, Christopher D Smyser, Pirooz Eghtesady
OBJECTIVES: Determine the prevalence of intraventricular hemorrhage in infants with moderate to severe congenital heart disease, investigate the impact of gestational age, cardiac diagnosis, and cardiac intervention on intraventricular hemorrhage, and compare intraventricular hemorrhage rates in preterm infants with and without congenital heart disease. DESIGN: A single-center retrospective review. SETTING: A tertiary care children's hospital...
November 28, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207816/non-catheter-related-perioperative-superior-vena-cava-syndrome-following-surgical-vsd-closure-role-of-transesophageal-echocardiography
#16
Tanveer Singh Kundra, Divya Gopal, Manasa Dhananjaya
Unintentional iatrogenic surgical complications can complicate the operative and postoperative courses of paediatric cardiac surgery patients. Unless recognized and treated early, it's possible, these complications may lead to a prolonged hospital stay, increased treatment cost, morbidity, and even death. Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD) is the most common congenital heart defect in children, occurring in 50% of all children with congenital heart disease and in 20% as an isolated lesion. Herein, we discuss the development of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome following surgical repair of VSD in a nine-month-old child...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207807/epididymal-cystic-lymphangioma-presenting-as-scrotal-swelling-in-a-post-surgery-case-of-carcinoma-rectum-a-case-report
#17
Mohammad Haroon, Yashmin Nisha, Kashif Iqubal
Cystic lymphangiomas are usually congenital malformations of draining lymphatic channels with most common sites including neck, axilla, mediastinum and retroperitoneum. Occurrence of lymphangiomas in scrotum or inguinal region is a rare entity and epididymal origin of these lesions is even more infrequent. We herein report a case of epididymal lymphangioma detected on USG, which developed after surgical abdominal lymph nodal dissection in an adult patient of carcinoma rectum presenting as painless scrotal swelling...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207383/thoracic-changes-after-full-laser-ablation-of-the-feeding-artery-in-fetuses-with-bronchopulmonary-sequestration
#18
Rogelio Cruz-Martínez, Belén Nieto-Castro, Miguel Martínez-Rodríguez, Alma Gámez-Varela, Edgar Ahumada-Angulo, Jonahtan Luna-García, Maria José Pineda-Pérez, Carlos Rebolledo-Fernández
OBJECTIVE: To assess longitudinal intrathoracic changes after fetal laser surgery in fetuses with bronchopulmonary sequestration (BPS) with hydrops and/or hydrothorax. STUDY DESIGN: The presence of intrafetal fluid effusions, the lung mass volume ratio (congenital pulmonary airway malformation volume ratio [CVR]), and the observed/expected lung-to-head circumference ratio (O/E-LHR) of both lungs were evaluated in a cohort of BPS fetuses with hydrops and/or hydrothorax treated with full laser ablation of the feeding artery (FLAFA)...
December 6, 2017: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207321/a-multi-institutional-registry-of-pediatric-hospital-acquired-thrombosis-cases-the-children-s-hospital-acquired-thrombosis-chat-project
#19
Julie Jaffray, Arash Mahajerin, Guy Young, Neil Goldenberg, Lingyun Ji, Richard Sposto, Amy Stillings, Emily Krava, Brian Branchford
BACKGROUND: Pediatric hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (HA-VTE) rates have increased dramatically. To achieve generalizable knowledge in the derivation and validation of HA-VTE risk factors and risk prediction models and inform future risk-stratified prevention strategies, multi-institutional studies are needed. OBJECTIVES: This paper presents an investigator-initiated, multicenter pediatric case-cohort study designed to identify risk factors for HA-VTE to create a HA-VTE risk prediction model...
December 1, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206730/understanding-the-impact-of-fluid-restriction-on-growth-outcomes-in-infants-following-cardiac-surgery
#20
Melissa Li, Adriana Campa, Fatma G Huffman, Anthony F Rossi
OBJECTIVE: Fluid restriction is reported to be a barrier in providing adequate nutrition following cardiac surgery. The specific aim of this study was to evaluate the adequacy of nutritional intake during the postoperative period using anthropometrics by comparing preoperative weight status, as measured by weight-for-age z scores, to weight status at discharge home. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Cardiac ICU at Miami Children's Hospital...
December 4, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
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