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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349977/-therapeutic-effects-of-internal-drainage-by-expanding-arthroscopic-gastrocnemius-semimembranosus-bursa-and-cyst-wall-resection-for-the-treatment-of-41-patients-with-popliteal-cysts
#1
Li-Chuang Wu, Hai-Bo Zhou, Chao Zhang, Lei Chen, Cai-Long Liu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical curative effects of internal drainage by expanding arthroscopic gastrocnemius-semimembranosus bursa(GSB) and cyst wall resection for the treatment of popliteal cysts. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of patients from May 2011 to December 2015. Arthroscopic treatment for 41 patients with popliteal fossa cysts, 18 males and 23 females, aged from 34 to 67 years old, averaged 42.6 years old. All the patients had preoperative magnetic resonance imagings to confirm the diagnosis and identify the valvular opening(Gastrocnemius-Semimembranosus bursa, GSB), as well as the associated intra-articular pathology...
April 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346529/echocardiographic-criteria-to-detect-unicuspid-aortic-valve-morphology
#2
Sebastian Ewen, Irem Karliova, Petra Weber, Stephan H Schirmer, Hashim Abdul-Khaliq, Jakob Schöpe, Felix Mahfoud, Hans-Joachim Schäfers
Aims: Unicuspid aortic valve (UAV) is a rare congenital malformation associated with severe aortic stenosis or regurgitation. This study aimed to systematically determine echocardiographic criteria to identify UAV. Methods and results: All patients underwent a preoperative baseline examination, including echocardiography. A total of 69 patients with intraoperatively confirmed UAV underwent an aortic valve repair procedure between August 2001 and May 2011. To compare the findings of UAV cases with those of other valve morphologies, we examined 99 consecutive patients with a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and 103 consecutive patients with a tricuspid aortic valve (TAV) undergoing isolated aortic valve surgery before May 2016...
January 15, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345099/aortic-versus-carotid-intima-media-thickness-and-impact-of-aortic-valve-disease
#3
Johan Petrini, Margareta Ring, Anders Franco-Cereceda, Kenneth Caidahl, Maria J Eriksson
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Intima-media thickness is a marker for atherosclerosis but is also influenced by shear stress and flow. We evaluated the relation between intima-media thickness of the descending aorta (AoIMT) and the common carotid artery (CIMT) in patients with and without severe aortic valve disease (sAVD). METHODS: A total of 310 patients (233 with sAVD, 77 without) were examined with regard to AoIMT and CIMT using transesophageal echocardiography and carotid ultrasound, respectively, before valvular and/or aortic surgery...
January 17, 2018: Clinical Physiology and Functional Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338582/a-human-pericardium-biopolymeric-scaffold-for-autologous-heart-valve-tissue-engineering-cellular-and-extracellular-matrix-structure-and-biomechanical-properties-in-comparison-with-a-normal-aortic-heart-valve
#4
Frantisek Straka, David Schornik, Jaroslav Masin, Elena Filova, Tomas Mirejovsky, Zuzana Burdikova, Zdenek Svindrych, Hynek Chlup, Lukas Horny, Matej Daniel, Jiri Machac, Jelena Skibová, Jan Pirk, Lucie Bacakova
The objective of our study was to compare the cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) structure and the biomechanical properties of human pericardium (HP) with the normal human aortic heart valve (NAV). HP tissues (from 12 patients) and NAV samples (from 5 patients) were harvested during heart surgery. The main cells in HP were pericardial interstitial cells (PICs), which are fibroblast-like cells of mesenchymal origin similar to the valvular interstitial cells (VICs) in NAV tissue. The extracellular matrix (ECM) of HP had a statistically significantly (p ≤ 0...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334594/thoracic-aortic-aneurysm-in-patients-with-loss-of-function-filamin-a-mutations-clinical-characterization-genetics-and-recommendations
#5
Ming Hui Chen, Sangita Choudhury, Mami Hirata, Siri Khalsa, Bernard Chang, Christopher A Walsh
The frequency and gender distribution of thoracic aortic aneurysm as a cardiovascular manifestation of loss-of-function (LOF) X-linked FilaminA (FLNA) mutations are not known. Furthermore, there is very limited cardiovascular morbidity or mortality data in children and adults. We analyzed cardiac data on the largest series of 114 patients with LOF FLNA mutations, both children and adults, with periventricular nodular heterotopia (PVNH), including 48 study patients and 66 literature patients, median age of 22...
February 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329764/-analysis-of-mortality-and-hospital-stay-in-cardiac-surgery-in-mexico-2015-data-from-the-national-cardiology-institute
#6
Alejandra Rodríguez-Hernández, Martha García-Torres, Eduardo Bucio Reta, Francisco Martín Baranda-Tovar
OBJECTIVE: To analyse hospital mortality in patients subjected to cardiac surgery in Mexico during the year 2015, and identify the mortality risks factors, and its correlation with days of hospital stay in the cardiovascular intensive care unit. METHOD: The database of Cardiovascular Intensive Care of the National Institute of Cardiology was examined for this cases and controls study that included only adult patients subjected to cardiac surgery during the year 2015...
January 9, 2018: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325012/systematic-review-of-the-cost-effectiveness-of-transcatheter-interventions-for-valvular-heart-disease
#7
Gialama Fotini, Prezerakos Panagiotis, Apostolopoulos Vasilis, Nikolaos Maniadakis
Objectives: Transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and transcatheter mitral valve repair (TMVR) are increasingly used for managing patients with valvular heart disease to whom surgery presents a high-risk. As these are costly procedures, a systematic review of studies concerned with their economic assessment was undertaken. Methods: The search was performed in PubMed and the Cochrane Library and followed recommended methodological steps. Studies were screened and their data were retrieved and were synthesized using a narrative approach...
January 9, 2018: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317120/preoperative-invasive-hemodynamic-determinants-of-survival-among-patients-undergoing-aortic-or-mitral-valve-surgery
#8
David X Zhuo, Kenneth C Bilchick, Sula Mazimba
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the association of preoperative invasive hemodynamic parameters with mortality in valvular heart surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Single tertiary academic medical center. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 382 patients who underwent preoperative right and/or left heart catheterization before open aortic valve replacement (AVR), open mitral valve repair/replacement (MVR), or combined AVR and MVR, from July 2009 to December 2014...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29311349/early-detection-of-subclinical-myocardial-damage-in-chronic-aortic-regurgitation-and-strategies-for-timely-treatment-of-asymptomatic-patients
#9
REVIEW
Joe K T Lee, Anna Franzone, Jonas Lanz, George C M Siontis, Stefan Stortecky, Christoph Gräni, Eva Roost, Stephan Windecker, Thomas Pilgrim
A series of hemodynamic and pathological responses occur in chronic aortic regurgitation, which eventually result in myocardial fibrosis and irreversible left ventricular dysfunction. According to guidelines, valvular surgery is recommended with the development of symptoms, left ventricular systolic dysfunction, or left ventricular dilatation. The optimal timing of surgical intervention has recently been questioned with documentation of irreversible myocardial damage resulting in incomplete left ventricular recovery and adverse clinical outcomes after surgery...
January 9, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301463/hospitalization-associated-disability-in-older-adults-with-valvular-heart-disease-incidence-risk-factors-and-its-association-with-care-processes
#10
Maren Jonckers, Bastiaan Van Grootven, Ester Willemyns, Miek Hornikx, Anthony Jeuris, Christophe Dubois, Marie-Christine Herregods, Mieke Deschodt
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to determine the incidence and recovery of hospitalisation-associated disability (HAD), the associated risk factors, and the link with care processes in patients aged 70 years or older hospitalised with valvular heart disease (VHD). METHODS: Prospective cohort study performed on the cardiology and cardiac surgery units of University Hospitals Leuven, Belgium. HAD was defined as the loss of independence to complete one of the Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) between hospital admission and discharge...
January 4, 2018: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297190/pulmonary-valve-and-right-ventricular-outflow-tract-surgery-in-adults-23-year-experience
#11
Marcin Szczechowicz, Sabreen Mkalaluh, Mina Farag, Ahmed Mashhour, Tsvetomir Loukanov, Jacek Kolcz, Matthias Karck, Alexander Weymann
BACKGROUND: Surgery of the pulmonary valve, right ventricular outflow tract, and pulmonary artery falls under the domain of paediatric cardiac surgery. However, 97 adult patients underwent such operations in our establishment from 1993 to 2016. AIM: This study aims to analyse preoperative risk factors, intraoperative data, postoperative outcomes, and long-term survival to identify the potential predictors of mortality and high-risk patients.
 METHODS: We divided our patient cohort into three groups in accordance with surgical indications: 17 patients with pulmonary valve endocarditis (group A), 70 patients with congenital defects involving the pulmonary valve (group B), and 10 patients who underwent pulmonary valve surgery for other indications, like tumor or other acquired valvular disease (group C)...
January 3, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286026/-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-complicated-reflux-esophagitis-followed-antireflux-surgery
#12
A F Chernousov, T V Khorobrykh, F P Vetshev, T I Ionova, D Mugadzaveta, S V Osminin, T P Nikitina
AIM: To analyze quality of life of patients with complicated reflux-esophagitis followed antireflux surgery. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The trial enrolled 200 patients who underwent surgical treatment at the Burdenko Faculty Surgery Clinic of Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University for complicated reflux esophagitis from 2008 to 2015. Inclusion criteria were long-standing reflux esophagitis irresistible to conservative treatment, hiatal hernia with shortening of the esophagus and/or peptic stricture and/or Barrett's esophagus...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284509/should-high-risk-patients-with-concomitant-severe-aortic-stenosis-and-mitral-valve-disease-undergo-double-valve-surgery-in-the-tavr-era
#13
Pey-Jen Yu, Allan Mattia, Hugh A Cassiere, Rick Esposito, Frank Manetta, Nina Kohn, Alan R Hartman
BACKGROUND: Significant mitral regurgitation in patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) is associated with increased mortality. The aim of this study is to determine if surgical correction of both aortic and mitral valves in high risk patients with concomitant valvular disease would offer patients better outcomes than TAVR alone. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 43 high-risk patients who underwent concomitant surgical aortic valve replacement and mitral valve surgery from 2008 to 2012 was performed...
December 29, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279856/corrigendum-to-rheumatological-findings-in-candidates-for-valvular-heart-surgery
#14
Mohammad Bagher Owlia, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Nafiseh Naderi, Seyed Mohammad Yousof Mostafavi Pour Manshadi, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.5402/2012/927923.].
2017: International Scholarly Research Notices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277857/percutaneous-mitral-valve-interventions-and-heart-failure
#15
Abhishek Sharma, Sunny Goel, Sahil Agarwal
Mitral regurgitation (MR) is the most frequent Valvular Heart Disease (VHD) and is an important cause of heart failure. MR can be caused by primary valve abnormality (Degenerative MR/Primary MR) or it can be secondary to cardiomyopathy (Functional MR/Secondary MR). Medical management alleviates symptoms but does not alter the progression of the disease. Current guidelines recommend surgery for moderate-to-severe (Grade > 3) MR in patients with symptoms or evidence of left ventricular dysfunction. Despite current practice guidelines, the majority of patients with severe MR do not undergo surgery...
December 27, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277547/recurrent-bioprosthetic-valve-thrombosis-should-long-term-anticoagulation-be-considered
#16
Matthew S Yong, Robert Grant, Pankaj Saxena, Sumit Yadav
Bioprosthetic valve thrombosis (BPVT) is an important and potentially reversible cause of valvular dysfunction. This complication can occur many years after surgery and understanding of the precise mechanisms and risk factors are limited. Anticoagulation therapy has been demonstrated to be effective in improving BPVT. However, the optimal duration of therapy and the risk of recurrence are unknown. Herein, we describe two cases-one of late BPVT and one of recurrence of BPVT after cessation of anticoagulation therapy...
December 11, 2017: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250223/california-study-of-ablation-caabl-early-utilization-after-index-hospitalization-for-non-valvular-atrial-fibrillation
#17
Uma Srivatsa, Beate Danielsen, Ezra Amsterdam, Yingbo Yang, Dali Fan, Nayereh Pezeshkian, Richard H White
Background: Catheter ablation (ABL) for non-valvular AF (NVAF) is recommended for symptomatic patients refractory to medical therapy and its success is related to the duration of the arrhythmia prior to intervention.Our aim was to assess the early utilization and the factors that prompted ABL in patients hospitalized for new onset NVAF. Methods: Using de-identified administrative discharge records for hospitalizations and emergency department (ED) visits, we determined the patients who had a first-time (since 1991) health record diagnosis of AF between2005 - 2011...
June 2017: Journal of Atrial Fibrillation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248417/altered-adamts5-expression-and-versican-proteolysis-a-possible-molecular-mechanism-in-barlow-s-disease
#18
Tarek S Absi, Cristi L Galindo, Richard J Gumina, James Atkinson, Yan Guo, Kelsey Tomasek, Douglas B Sawyer, John G Byrne, Clayton A Kaiser, Ashish S Shah, Yan Ru Su, Michael Petracek
BACKGROUND: We hypothesized that gene expression profiles of mitral valve (MV) leaflets from Barlow's disease (BD) subjects are distinct from those with fibroelastic deficiency (FED). METHODS: MVs were obtained from subjects with BD (7 males, 3 females; 61.4 ± 12.7 years old) or FED (6 males, 5 females; 54.5 ± 6.0 years old) undergoing surgery for severe mitral regurgitation (MR). Normal MVs were obtained from 6 donor hearts unmatched for transplant (3 males, 3 females; 58...
December 14, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242201/familial-aggregation-of-aortic-valvular-stenosis-a-nationwide-study-of-sibling-risk
#19
Andreas Martinsson, Xinjun Li, Bengt Zöller, Pontus Andell, Charlotte Andersson, Kristina Sundquist, J Gustav Smith
BACKGROUND: Aortic valvular stenosis (AS) is the most common cause of cardiac valvular replacement surgery. During the last century, the pathogenesis of AS has undergone transitions in developed countries, from rheumatic heart disease to a degenerative calcific pathogenesis. Although a familial component has been described for a subset of cases with a bicuspid valve, data are limited on the overall familial aggregation of this disease. METHODS AND RESULTS: Contemporary information on 6 117 263 Swedish siblings, of which 13 442 had a clinical diagnosis of AS, was collected from the nationwide Swedish Multi-Generation Register and the National Patient Register...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241492/mechanical-intervention-for-aortic-valve-stenosis%C3%A2-in-patients-with-heart-failure-and%C3%A2-reduced%C3%A2-ejection-fraction
#20
REVIEW
Johannes Steiner, Josep Rodés-Cabau, David R Holmes, Martin M LeWinter, Harold L Dauerman
The risk and benefit of mechanical interventions in valvular heart disease have been primarily described among patients with normal ejection fraction. The advent of nonsurgical mechanical interventions for aortic stenosis (transcatheter aortic valve replacement) may alter the risk-benefit ratio for patients who would otherwise be at increased risk for valve surgery. This review describes the epidemiology and pathophysiology of aortic stenosis with heart failure and reduced ejection fraction and summarizes the current registry and clinical trial data applicable to this frequently encountered high-risk group...
December 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
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