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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738656/an-ultrasensitive-fluorescent-nanosensor-for-trypsin-based-on-upconversion-nanoparticles
#1
Mingmin Wu, Xiaoyong Wang, Kun Wang, Zijian Guo
Trypsin and its inhibitors are relevant to many physiological processes and diseases. In this study, a nanosensor capable of detecting trypsin and its inhibitors was designed based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between upconversion nanoparticle (UCNP) and gold nanoparticle (AuNP). UCNP and AuNP were linked by a trypsin-sensitive peptide DDDDARC, forming the non-fluorescent UCNP-peptide-AuNP nanosensor. In the presence of trypsin, the peptide was cleaved and the quenched fluorescence was restored; in the presence of trypsin inhibitors, the recovery of the fluorescence was decreased...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738561/silver-triangular-nanoplates-as-an-high-efficiently-fret-donor-acceptor-of-upconversion-nanoparticles-for-ultrasensitive-turn-on-off-protamine-and-trypsin-sensor
#2
Hongyu Chen, Aijin Fang, Youyu Zhang, Shouzhuo Yao
Silver triangular nanoplates (STNPs) as a high efficient fluorescence quenching reagent of upconversion nanoparticles (UCNPs) was used to constract a novel label-free fluorescence nanosensor for ultrasensitive detection of protamine and trypsin based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) between STNPs and UCNPs. In this assay, the negatively charged STNPs can bind with positively charged UCNPs through electrostatic interaction, and then quenched the fluorescence of UCNPs. When protamine was added to the mixture of UCNPs-STNPs, the STNPs interacted with protamine and then detached from the surface of UCNPs and aggregated, which result in the recovery of the fluorescence of UCNPs...
November 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737377/carbon-dot-based-naphthalimide-coupled-fret-pair-for-highly-selective-ratiometric-detection-of-thioredoxin-reductase-and-cancer-screening
#3
Jagpreet Singh Sidhu, Ashutosh Singh, Neha Garg, Narinder Singh
The Fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) mechanism has been established between the carbon dots (CDs) and naphthalimide to monitor the activity of thioredoxin reductase (TrxR), which is often overexpressed in many cancer cells. The naphthalimide moiety was covalently attached to the surface of CDs through a disulfide linkage. In the normal cell conditions (when devoid of high concentrations of TrxR), the CDs act as an energy donor and naphthalimide acts as an acceptor, which establishes the FRET pair as interpreted from the emission at λem =565 nm, when excited at λex =360 nm...
July 24, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737039/effect-of-solvent-quality-on-laminar-slip-flow-penetration-of-poly-n-isopropylacrylamide-films-with-an-exploration-of-the-mass-transport-mechanism
#4
Huan Wang, Jeanne E Pemberton
The effect of solvent quality on the slip flow penetration of polymer films was evaluated by monitoring small-molecule mass transport under varying laminar flow rates using Förster resonance energy transfer in combination with total internal reflectance fluorescence microscopy (FRET-TIRFM). For thin films of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (pNIPAM), solvents with solvent quality ranging from good to poor were studied. The solvents used were composed of varying mole ratios of methanol and water in order to take advantage of the unique cononsolvency phenomenon of pNIPAM such that differences in the physicochemical properties of these solvents were insignificant for fluorescence detection...
July 24, 2017: Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735392/mining-and-quantifying-in-vivo-molecular-interactions-in-abiotic-stress-acclimation
#5
Thorsten Seidel, Derya Kirasi
Stress acclimation is initialized by sensing the stressor, transducing the signal, and inducing the response. In particular, the signal transduction is driven by protein-protein interactions and the response might involve de novo complex formation, shifts in subcellular localization and, thus, transportation that is mediated by other proteins. The investigation of protein-protein interactions and their regulation upon abiotic stress is crucial for a deeper understanding of the underlying mechanisms. FRET measurements by sensitized emission allow for the analysis of protein-protein interactions in real time and have a high potential to provide new insights into the regulation of protein-protein interaction with respect to subcellular localization and time...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735008/trehalose-induced-structural-modulation-of-bovine-serum-albumin-at-ambient-temperature
#6
Ahana Das, Pijush Basak, Rudradip Pattanayak, Turban Kar, Rajib Majumder, Debadrita Pal, Anindita Bhattacharya, Maitree Bhattacharyya, Samudra Prosad Banik
Trehalose is a well-known protein stabilizing osmolyte. The present study has been designed to understand the interaction of trehalose with BSA at ambient temperature. Steady state fluorescence and life-time analysis along with CD, DLS and ITC have been employed to show that trehalose causes surface-associated structural perturbation of BSA to promote its compaction. Trehalose at 0.1M concentration resulted in increased solvent exposure of one of the two tryptophans of BSA with a 5nm redshift in emission and enhanced susceptibility to acrylamide quenching with an increase in KSV from 2...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734358/fluorescent-quenching-immune-chromatographic-strips-with-quantum-dots-and-upconversion-nanoparticles-as-fluorescent-donors-for-visual-detection-of-sulfaquinoxaline-in-foods-of-animal-origin
#7
Gaoshuang Hu, Wei Sheng, Jingmin Li, Yan Zhang, Junping Wang, Shuo Wang
In this study, two novel fluorescence quenching immune chromatographic strips (FQICS) were developed to detect sulfaquinoxaline (SQX) in foods of animal origin. These proposed FQICSs were based on fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) from fluorescence donors (quantum dots or upconversion nanoparticles) to fluorescence acceptors (colloidal gold nanoparticles). Compared with traditional colloidal gold-based immune chromatographic strips (ICS), these FQICSs showed positive correlation between the fluorescent signals and the targets, and allowed user to get test results from weak fluorescent signals...
August 22, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733241/live-imaging-using-a-fret-glucose-sensor-reveals-glucose-delivery-to-all-cell-types-in-the-drosophila-brain
#8
Anne Volkenhoff, Johannes Hirrlinger, Johannes M Kappel, Christian Klämbt, Stefanie Schirmeier
All complex nervous systems are metabolically separated from circulation by a blood-brain barrier (BBB) that prevents uncontrolled leakage of solutes into the brain. Thus, all metabolites needed to sustain energy homeostasis must be transported across this BBB. In invertebrates, such as Drosophila, the major carbohydrate in circulation is the disaccharide trehalose and specific trehalose transporters are expressed by the glial BBB. Here we analyzed whether glucose is able to contribute to energy homeostasis in Drosophila...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730807/cationic-carbon-dots-for-modification-free-detection-of-hyaluronidase-via-an-electrostatic-controlled-ratiometric-fluorescence-assay
#9
Weiqiang Yang, Jiancong Ni, Fang Luo, Wen Weng, Qiao-Hua Wei, Zhenyu Lin, Guonan Chen
Carbon dots (CDs) emerge as excellent fluorescent nanomaterials, but the full exploitation and application of their exceptional properties in the development of fluorescence assay are still rare. In this work, cationic carbon dots (C-CDs) covered with a plenty of positive charges on the surface were synthesized through a facile ultrasonic method. Negatively charged hyaluronic acid (HA) caused the aggregation of positively charged C-CDs and neutral red (NR) along its linear chain via electrostatic adsorption, leading to a remarkable förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) from C-CDs to NR...
July 21, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730806/investigation-of-exciton-recombination-zone-in-quantum-dot-light-emitting-diodes-using-a-fluorescent-probe
#10
Xiaoyu Huang, Heng Zhang, Dingxin Xu, Feng Wen, Shuming Chen
Exciton recombination zone, where the photons are generated, can greatly affect the performance such as the efficiency, the color purity of the quantum dot (QD) light-emitting diodes (QLEDs). To probe the exciton recombination zone, 4-(dicyanomethylene)-2-t-butyl-6(1,1,7,7 -tetramethyljulolidyl-9-enyl)-4H-pyran (DCJTB) is doped into the charge transport layer as a fluorescent sensor; by monitoring the Förster resonant energy transfer (FRET) between QD and DCJTB, the location of the recombination zone can be determined...
July 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726898/probe-location-dependent-resonance-energy-transfer-at-lipid-water-interfaces-comparison-between-the-gel-and-fluid-phase-of-lipid-bilayer
#11
Moirangthem Kiran Singh, Mohammad Firoz Khan, Him Shweta, Sobhan Sen
Despite significant interest in understanding the role of the local dielectric environment and lipid-bilayer fluidity/rigidity in resonance energy transfer between chromophores at lipid/water interfaces, a comprehensive approach to quantify such environmental dependence on energy transfer is missing - primarily because of the scarcity of suitable probes. Here we present the results on multi-chromophoric Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) from a series of 4-aminophthalimide-based molecules (4AP-Cn; n = 2-10, 12) of different lipophilicity (donors), which reside at different depths across the lipid/water interfaces, to rhodamine-6G (Rh6G; acceptor) molecules that stay in a water-rich region near the lipid headgroups...
July 20, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725533/controllable-photodynamic-therapy-implemented-by-regulating-singlet-oxygen-efficiency
#12
REVIEW
Wenting Wu, Xiaodong Shao, Jianzhang Zhao, Mingbo Wu
With singlet oxygen ((1)O2) as the active agent, photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a promising technique for the treatment of various tumors and cancers. But it is hampered by the poor selectivity of most traditional photosensitizers (PS). In this review, we present a summary of controllable PDT implemented by regulating singlet oxygen efficiency. Herein, various controllable PDT strategies based on different initiating conditions (such as pH, light, H2O2 and so on) have been summarized and introduced. More importantly, the action mechanisms of controllable PDT strategies, such as photoinduced electron transfer (PET), fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET), intramolecular charge transfer (ICT) and some physical/chemical means (e...
July 2017: Advanced Science (Weinheim, Baden-Wurttemberg, Germany)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723206/evaluating-dye-labeled-dna-dendrimers-for-potential-applications-in-molecular-biosensing
#13
Carl W Brown, Susan Buckhout-White, Sebastián A Díaz, Joseph S Melinger, Mario G Ancona, Ellen R Goldman, Igor L Medintz
DNA nanostructures provide a reliable and predictable scaffold for precisely positioning fluorescent dyes to form energy transfer cascades. Furthermore, these structures and their attendant dye networks can be dynamically manipulated by biochemical inputs, with the changes reflected in the spectral response. However, the complexity of DNA structures that have undergone such types of manipulation for direct biosensing applications is quite limited. Here, we investigate four different modification strategies to effect such dynamic manipulations using a DNA dendrimer scaffold as a testbed, and with applications to biosensing in mind...
March 24, 2017: ACS Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721412/effect-of-ligand-binding-on-a-protein-with-a-complex-folding-landscape
#14
Hisham Mazal, Haim Aviram, Inbal Riven, Gilad Haran
Ligand binding to a protein can stabilize it significantly against unfolding. The variation of the folding free energy, ΔΔG(0), due to ligand binding can be derived from a simple reaction scheme involving exclusive binding to the native state. One obtains the following expression: , where Kd is the ligand dissociation constant and L is its concentration, R is the universal gas constant and T is the temperature. This expression has been shown to correctly describe experimental results on multiple proteins...
July 19, 2017: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716943/visualizing-context-dependent-calcium-signaling-in-encephalitogenic-t-cells-in-vivo-by-two-photon-microscopy
#15
Nikolaos I Kyratsous, Isabel J Bauer, Guokun Zhang, Marija Pesic, Ingo Bartholomäus, Marsilius Mues, Ping Fang, Miriam Wörner, Stephanie Everts, Joachim W Ellwart, Joanna M Watt, Barry V L Potter, Reinhard Hohlfeld, Hartmut Wekerle, Naoto Kawakami
In experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE), autoimmune T cells are activated in the periphery before they home to the CNS. On their way, the T cells pass through a series of different cellular milieus where they receive signals that instruct them to invade their target tissues. These signals involve interaction with the surrounding stroma cells, in the presence or absence of autoantigens. To portray the serial signaling events, we studied a T-cell-mediated model of EAE combining in vivo two-photon microscopy with two different activation reporters, the FRET-based calcium biosensor Twitch1 and fluorescent NFAT...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716919/decoupling-of-size-and-shape-fluctuations-in-heteropolymeric-sequences-reconciles-discrepancies-in-saxs-vs-fret-measurements
#16
Gustavo Fuertes, Niccolò Banterle, Kiersten M Ruff, Aritra Chowdhury, Davide Mercadante, Christine Koehler, Michael Kachala, Gemma Estrada Girona, Sigrid Milles, Ankur Mishra, Patrick R Onck, Frauke Gräter, Santiago Esteban-Martín, Rohit V Pappu, Dmitri I Svergun, Edward A Lemke
Unfolded states of proteins and native states of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) populate heterogeneous conformational ensembles in solution. The average sizes of these heterogeneous systems, quantified by the radius of gyration (RG ), can be measured by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Another parameter, the mean dye-to-dye distance (RE ) for proteins with fluorescently labeled termini, can be estimated using single-molecule Förster resonance energy transfer (smFRET). A number of studies have reported inconsistencies in inferences drawn from the two sets of measurements for the dimensions of unfolded proteins and IDPs in the absence of chemical denaturants...
July 17, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715872/a-novel-compound-lingh2-10-inhibits-the-growth-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-cells-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-as-a-selective-inverse-agonist-of-estrogen-related-receptor-%C3%AE
#17
Yang Ning, Haifei Chen, Yongli Du, Hao Ling, Liudi Zhang, Lu Chen, Huijie Qi, Xiaojin Shi, Qunyi Li
Unlike other breast cancer subtypes, targeted therapies for triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) have yet to progress past clinical trial stage to approval. Accumulating evidences demonstrated that expression of estrogen-related receptor alpha (ERRα) indicated worse prognosis and correlated with poor outcome in breast cancers including TNBC. Therefore, ERRα modulators/regulators may be potential in the therapeutic treatment of breast cancers. In the current study, we presented a novel compound LingH2-10 that bound to ERRα, as identified using a time-resolved fluorescence resonance energy transfer assay (TR-FRET) with the IC50 value of 0...
July 13, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713242/the-distance-between-n-and-c-termini-of-tau-and-of-ftdp-17-mutants-is-modulated-by-microtubule-interactions-in-living-cells
#18
Cristina Di Primio, Valentina Quercioli, Giacomo Siano, Matteo Rovere, Branislav Kovacech, Michal Novak, Antonino Cattaneo
The microtubule (MT)-associated protein Tau is a natively unfolded protein, involved in a number of neurodegenerative disorders, collectively called tauopathies, aggregating in neurofibrillary tangles (NFT). It is an open question how the conversion from a MT bound molecule to an aggregation-prone Tau species occurs and, also, if and how tauopathy-related mutations affect its behavior in the cell. To address these points, we exploited a genetically encoded FRET sensor based on the full length Tau protein, to monitor in real time Tau conformational changes in different conditions in live cells...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711716/impact-of-paroxetine-on-proximal-%C3%AE-adrenergic-receptor-signaling
#19
Shuchi Guo, Rhonda L Carter, Laurel A Grisanti, Walter J Koch, Douglas G Tilley
β-adrenergic receptors (βAR) regulate numerous functions throughout the body, however G protein-coupled receptor kinase (GRK)-dependent desensitization of βAR has long been recognized as a maladaptive process in the progression of various disease states. Thus, the development of small molecule inhibitors of GRKs for the study of these processes and as potential therapeutics has been at the forefront of recent research efforts. Via structural and biochemical analyses, the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor (SSRI) paroxetine was identified as a GRK2 inhibitor that enhances βAR-dependent cardiomyocyte and cardiac contractility and reverses cardiac dysfunction and myocardial βAR expression in mouse models of heart failure...
July 12, 2017: Cellular Signalling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710749/express-fret-labeling-and-analysis-of-phagocytic-clearance
#20
Vladimir V Didenko
Lysosomal DNase II in phagocytic digestion produces DNA ends with 3'PO4/5'OH, which differ from those created in apoptotic DNA fragmentation, and can be used to label phagocytic clearance of cell death. Here, we describe the use of these specific DNA ends as selective markers of phagocytic reaction in cell suspensions. The approach does not require cell fixation. It selectively labels blunt-ended DNA breaks with terminal 5'OH. The detection is performed by ultra-fast FRET probes in a single step, closed-tube procedure...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
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