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liver perfusion

Nora Freyer, Selina Greuel, Fanny Knöspel, Florian Gerstmann, Lisa Storch, Georg Damm, Daniel Seehofer, Jennifer Foster Harris, Rashi Iyer, Frank Schubert, Katrin Zeilinger
The accurate prediction of hepatotoxicity demands validated human in vitro models that can close the gap between preclinical animal studies and clinical trials. In this study we investigated the response of primary human liver cells to toxic drug exposure in a perfused microscale 3D liver bioreactor. The cellularized bioreactors were treated with 5, 10, or 30 mM acetaminophen (APAP) used as a reference substance. Lactate production significantly decreased upon treatment with 30 mM APAP ( p < 0.05) and ammonia release significantly increased in bioreactors treated with 10 or 30 mM APAP ( p < 0...
March 15, 2018: Bioengineering
C G Hart, B E Voelz, K E Brockus, C O Lemley
Production from the corpus luteum (CL) and/or hepatic steroid inactivation impacts peripheral concentrations of P4, which can alter reproductive performance. Our primary objective was to examine hepatic steroid inactivating enzymes, portal blood flow, and luteal blood perfusion at 10 days post-insemination in pregnant versus non-pregnant beef and dairy cows. Twenty early lactation Holstein cows and 20 lactating commercial beef cows were utilized for this study. At day 10 post-insemination, hepatic portal blood flow and CL blood perfusion were measured via Doppler ultrasonography...
March 14, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
G Oriolo, E Egmond, Z Mariño, M Cavero, R Navines, L Zamarrenho, R Solà, J Pujol, N Bargallo, X Forns, R Martin-Santos
BACKGROUND: Chronic hepatitis C is considered a systemic disease because of extra-hepatic manifestations. Neuroimaging has been employed in hepatitis C virus-infected patients to find in vivo evidence of central nervous system alterations. AIMS: Systematic review and meta-analysis of neuroimaging research in chronic hepatitis C treatment naive patients, or patients previously treated without sustained viral response, to study structural and functional brain impact of hepatitis C...
March 14, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
A C Van Erp, R A Rebolledo, D Hoeksma, N R Jespersen, P J Ottens, R Nørregaard, M Pedersen, C Laustsen, J G M Burgerhof, J C Wolters, J Ciapaite, H E Bøtker, H G D Leuvenink, B Jespersen
Hepatic and renal energy status prior to transplantation correlates with graft survival. However, effects of brain death (BD) on organ-specific energy status are largely unknown. We studied metabolism, perfusion, oxygen consumption, and mitochondrial function in the liver and kidneys following BD. BD was induced in mechanically-ventilated rats, inflating an epidurally-placed Fogarty-catheter, with sham-operated rats as controls. A 9.4T-preclinical MRI system measured hourly oxygen availability (BOLD-related R2*) and perfusion (T1-weighted)...
March 13, 2018: Scientific Reports
Recep Sade, Mecit Kantarci, Berhan Genc, Hayri Ogul, Betul Gundogdu, Omer Yilmaz
Objective: Alveolar echinococcosis (AE) is a rare life-threatening parasitic infection. Computed tomography perfusion (CTP) imaging has the potential to provide both quantitative and qualitative information about the tissue perfusion characteristics. The purpose of this study was the examination of the characteristic features and feasibility of CTP in AE liver lesions. Material and Methods: CTP scanning was performed in 25 patients who had a total of 35 lesions identified as AE of the liver...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
Francesco Macrì, Simona Di Pietro, Cyndi Mangano, Michela Pugliese, Giuseppe Mazzullo, Nicola M Iannelli, Vito Angileri, Simona Morabito, Massimo De Majo
BACKGROUND: In veterinary medicine, contrast-enhanced ultrasonography allowed the accurate quantification of liver, splenic and kidney vascularization in healthy dogs and the differentiation between malignant and benign hepatic, renal, and splenic nodules in dogs and cats based on perfusion patterns. The utility of contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in other applications is still under study. The aim of this study was to develop diagnostic criteria by contrast-enhanced ultrasonography in 8 client-owned adult dogs affected by urinary bladder transitional cell carcinoma with definitive diagnosis made by cytopathologic evaluation after suction biopsy...
March 12, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
Giulio Calza, Elisabeth Nyberg, Matias Mäkinen, Rabah Soliymani, Annunziata Cascone, Dan Lindholm, Emanuele Barborini, Marc Baumann, Maciej Lalowski, Ove Eriksson
Metformin is the first line drug for type 2 diabetes but its molecular mechanisms remain unclear. Here, we have studied the acute effect of a therapeutically relevant intrahepatic concentration of metformin on glucose production from lactate. We selected the perfused rat liver as experimental system since it enables the complete control of drug dosage. We used MALDI (matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization) mass spectrometry imaging to estimate the concentration of metformin in the livers and we measured the concentration of glucose in the effluent medium under basal conditions and following lactate addition...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Peter Popovic, Ana Leban, Klara Kregar, Manca Garbajs, Rok Dezman, Matjaz Bunc
Background: The purpose of this retrospective cohort study was to evaluate the clinical value of computed tomographic perfusion imaging (CTPI) parameters in predicting the response to treatment and overall survival in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) treated with drug-eluting beads transarterial chemoembolization (DEBTACE). Patients and methods: Between December 2010 and January 2013 eighteen patients (17 men, 1 woman; mean age 69 ± 5.8 years) with intermediate stage HCC underwent CTPI of the liver prior to treatment with DEBTACE...
March 2018: Radiology and Oncology
Tomchika Maoka, Tetsuya Kawata, Takao Koike, Toshio Mochizuki, Jurgen Schnermann, Seiji Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Cirrhosis of the liver is often associated with an impairment of renal function that is usually not associated with consistent structural abnormalities of the renal parenchyma, but is thought to be the functional consequence of arterial underfilling and reduced arterial blood pressure. METHOD: We have used the cirrhosis model of chronic bile duct ligation (BDL) to assess the response of renal blood flow to a change of blood pressure. We have measured renal haemodynamics in BDL rats...
March 7, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
Wei-Chih Chang, Chang-Tsen Hung, Yuh-Shuen Chen, Chih-Chi Hsueh, Chien-Wei Hou, Horng-Liang Lay
Objectives: Antrodia cinnamomea (AC) is found with anti-inflammatory and immunomodulatory biological activities. In this study, we investigated the anti-hepatitis effect of the emulsified AC extract from RO water or supercritical fluid CO2 with ethanol co-solvent extract methods of AC preparations. Materials and Methods: Five groups of eight to ten weeks male rats with a count of ten for each group were studied to evaluate the protection of two kinds of AC extract from hepatic injury...
March 2018: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
Francesca Maione, Nicholas Gilbo, Silvia Lazzaro, Peter Friend, Giovanni Camussi, Renato Romagnoli, Jacques Pirenne, Ina Jochmans, Diethard Monbaliu
BACKGROUND: Understanding ischemia reperfusion injury (IRI) is essential to further improve outcomes after liver transplantation (LT). Porcine isolated liver perfusion (ILP) is increasingly used to reproduce LT-associated IRI in a strictly controlled environment. However, whether ILP is a reliable substitute of LT was never validated. METHODS: We systematically reviewed the current experimental set-ups for ILP and parameters of interest reflecting IRI. RESULTS: ILP was never compared to transplantation in animals...
March 5, 2018: Transplantation
Stiljan Hoxha, Riccardo Giuseppe Abbasciano, Camilla Sandrini, Lucia Rossetti, Tiziano Menon, Luca Barozzi, Daniele Linardi, Alessio Rungatscher, Giuseppe Faggian, Giovanni Battista Luciani
Aortic arch repair in newborns and infants has traditionally been accomplished using a period of deep hypothermic circulatory arrest. To reduce neurologic and cardiac dysfunction related to circulatory arrest and myocardial ischemia during complex aortic arch surgery, an alternative and novel strategy for cerebro-myocardial protection was recently developed, where regional low-flow perfusion is combined with controlled and independent coronary perfusion. The aim of the present retrospective study was to assess short-term and mid-term results of selective and independent cerebro-myocardial perfusion in neonatal aortic arch surgery...
March 6, 2018: Artificial Organs
Yuya Yajima, Chu Ning Lee, Masumi Yamada, Rie Utoh, Minoru Seki
Although the reconstruction of functional 3D liver tissue models in vitro presents numerous challenges, it is in great demand for drug development, regenerative medicine, and physiological studies. Here we propose a new approach to perform perfusion cultivation of liver cells by assembling cell-laden hydrogel microfibers. HepG2 cells were densely packed into the core of sandwich-type anisotropic microfibers, which were produced using microfluidic devices. The obtained microfibers were bundled up and packed into a perfusion chamber, and perfusion cultivation was performed...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Matthew Wong, Janette Reyes, Eveline Lapidus-Krol, Monping Chiang, Tilman Humpl, Malikah Al-Faraj, Greg Ryan, Priscilla P L Chiu
Prenatal observed/expected lung-to-head ratio (O/E LHR) by ultrasound correlates with postnatal mortality for congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) patients. The aim of this study is to determine if O/E LHR correlates with pulmonary hypertension (PH) outcomes for CDH patients. METHODS: A single center retrospective chart review was performed for CDH neonates from January 1, 2006, to December 31, 2015, (REB #1000053124) to include prenatal O/E LHR, liver position, first arterial blood gas, repair type, echocardiogram (ECHO), and lung perfusion scan (LPS) results up to 5years of age...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
G Kauffenstein, G G Yegutkin, S Khiati, V Pomozi, O Le Saux, G Leftheriotis, G Lenaers, D Henrion, L Martin
Pseudoxanthoma elasticum (PXE) is a rare genetic condition primarily caused by hepatic ABCC6 transporter dysfunction. Most clinical manifestations of PXE are due to premature calcification of elastic fibers. However, the vascular impact of PXE is pleiotropic and remains ill-defined. ABCC6 expression has recently been associated with cellular nucleotide export. We studied the impact of ABCC6 deficiency on blood levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) and related metabolites and on soluble nucleotidase activities in PXE patients and Abcc6-/- mice...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
Sabine K Maschke, Thomas Werncke, Julius Renne, Roman Kloeckner, Steffen Marquardt, Martha M Kirstein, Andrej Potthoff, Frank K Wacker, Bernhard C Meyer, Jan B Hinrichs
PURPOSE: To analyze the feasibility of 2D-perfusion angiography (2D-PA) to quantify flow and perfusion changes pre- and post-transjugular intrahepatic portosystemic shunt (TIPS) revision. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen consecutive patients (54 ± 14 years, seven men and eight women) scheduled for TIPS revision were included in this study. To quantify flow and perfusion changes caused by TIPS revision, digital subtraction angiography (DSA) series acquired during the revision were post-processed using a dedicated software...
March 3, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
Viktoriia Starokozhko, Mette Hemmingsen, Layla Larsen, Soumyaranjan Mohanty, Marjolijn Merema, C Rodrigo Pimentel, Anders Wolff, Jenny Emnéus, Anders Aspegren, Geny Groothuis, Martin Dufva
Hepatic differentiation of hiPSCs under flow conditions in a 3D scaffold is expected to be a major step forward for construction of bioartificial livers. The aims of this study were to induce hepatic differentiation of hiPSCs under perfusion conditions and to perform functional comparisons with fresh human precision cut liver slices (hPCLS), an excellent benchmark for the human liver in vivo. The majority of the mRNA expression of CYP isoenzymes and transporters and the tested CYP activities, phase II metabolism, and albumin, urea and bile acid synthesis in the hiPSC derived cells reached values that overlap those of hPCLS, which indicates a higher degree of hepatic differentiation than observed until now...
March 2, 2018: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Deyamira Matuz-Mares, Alain Hernández-Vázquez, Héctor Riveros-Rosas, Raquel Guinzberg, Tania Quesada-López, Alfonso Cárabez-Trejo, Ofelia Mora, Enrique Piña
The physiological regulation of hepatic glutathione efflux by catecholamines is poorly understood. The purpose of this work was to review the role of adrenergic receptors (AR) on total glutathione (GT ) efflux in rat liver. Two models were used: isolated hepatocytes and perfused livers. In hepatocytes 10 μM adrenaline (Adr), but not isoproterenol (Iso) a β-AR agonist, or phenylephrine (Phe) an α1 -AR agonist, (in a Krebs-Henseleit Buffer (KHB) enriched with Ca2+ and some aminoacids) increased in 13% GT efflux...
February 26, 2018: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Fang Xie, Wen-Bo Wan, Xiang Fei, Ming-Bo Zhang, Yan Zhang, Hong-Wei Wang, Jie Tang, Wen-Bo Tang, Yu-Kun Luo
This study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and repeatability of the flash-replenishment method in contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) perfusion imaging and assess quantitatively microvascular perfusion in the liver. Twenty healthy New Zealand rabbits were submitted to CEUS perfusion imaging with continuous intravenous infusion. Using flash-replenishment kinetics, the dynamic process of depletion and refilling of microbubble contrast agent was recorded. The hepatic microvascular perfusion parameters were calculated, including region of interest, peak intensity (PI), area under the curve (AUC), and hepatic artery to vein transit time (HA-HVTT)...
2018: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Yi Wei, Feifei Gao, Dandan Zheng, Zixing Huang, Min Wang, Fubi Hu, Chenyang Chen, Ting Duan, Jie Chen, Likun Cao, Bin Song
Accurate preoperative differentiation of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in the setting of cirrhotic liver is of great clinical significance because the treatment and prognosis of these entities differ markedly. Through a retrospectively research, we sought to determine the diagnostic performances of intravoxel incoherent motion (IVIM) and diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) parameters in the differentiating of ICC and HCC. According to the results, we found that apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) derived from mono-exponential model and true ADC (ADCslow ) derived from bi-exponential model can be used to distinguish the ICC and HCC, and ADCslow entailed the higher diagnostic performance than ADC...
January 30, 2018: Oncotarget
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