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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806986/antihyperlipidaemic-and-hepatoprotective-activities-of-acidic-and-enzymatic-hydrolysis-exopolysaccharides-from-pleurotus-eryngii-si-04
#1
Chen Zhang, Juan Li, Jing Wang, Xingling Song, Jianjun Zhang, Shang Wu, Chunlong Hu, Zhiyuan Gong, Le Jia
BACKGROUND: Hyperlipidaemia is the major risk factor contributing to the development and progression of atherosclerosis, fatty liver and cerebrovascular disease. Pleurotus eryngii (P. eryngii) is rich in biologically active components, especially polysaccharides that exhibit various biological activities, including reducing blood lipids. In the present study, three novel polysaccharide types, including exopolysaccharides (EPS), enzymatic EPS (EEPS) and acidic EPS (AEPS) were isolated, and the hypolipidaemic and hepatoprotective effects were investigated to better understand possible hypolipidaemic mechanisms and their hepatoprotective effects...
August 14, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806319/transient-segmental-enhancement-of-pyogenic-liver-abscess-a-comparison-between-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound-and-computed-tomography
#2
Kun Sun, Wei Zhu, Yan Luo, Yongzhong Li, Xiang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the correlation between the transient segmental enhancement (TSE) of liver abscesses on contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) imaging and contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) scans. METHODS: In total, 42 abscesses in 38 patients were evaluated with real-time CEUS and contrast-enhanced CT imaging. The CT imaging and CEUS examinations were performed within one to 2 days of each other in all cases. The initial reports of the observations of TSE on CEUS scans were correlated later with the findings of TSE on contrast-enhanced CT images...
August 12, 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804981/lipopolysaccharide-inhibits-hepatic-gluconeogenesis-in-rats-the-role-of-immune-cells
#3
Hiroshi Tanaka, Yoshikazu Nishikawa, Toru Fukushima, Ataru Taniguchi, Yoshihito Fujita, Kinsuke Tsuda, Nobuya Inagaki, Masaya Hosokawa
AIMS/INTRODUCTION: Bacterial septicemia has diverse clinical symptoms including severe hypoglycemia. However, sepsis-induced hypoglycemia has not yet been examined in detail. The aim of the present study is to investigate the mechanisms underlying hypoglycemia in sepsis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We induced endotoxin shock in rats using lipopolysaccharide (LPS). After an intraperitoneal injection of LPS, we measured gluconeogenesis using the pyruvate tolerance test (PTT)...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799842/midterm-safety-and-efficacy-of-irreversible-electroporation-of-malignant-liver-tumors-located-close-to-major-portal-or-hepatic-veins
#4
Martina Distelmaier, Alexandra Barabasch, Philipp Heil, Nils A Kraemer, Peter Isfort, Sebastian Keil, Christiane K Kuhl, Philipp Bruners
Purpose To investigate the efficacy and safety of irreversible electroporation (IRE) in the treatment of hepatic tumors not suitable for thermal ablation (radiofrequency ablation [RFA] or microwave ablation). Materials and Methods This was an institutional review board-approved prospective study in 29 patients (15 men, 14 women; mean age, 63 years ± 12 [standard deviation]) with 43 primary (n = 8) or secondary (n = 35) malignant liver tumors who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided IRE. All target tumors were located immediately adjacent to major hepatic veins, portal veins, or both; thus, they were not considered suitable for RFA or microwave ablation...
August 11, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774830/a-physiologically-based-toxicokinetic-model-for-inhaled-ethylene-and-ethylene-oxide-in-mouse-rat-and-human
#5
Johannes Georg Filser, Dominik Klein
The olefin ethylene (ET) is the largest volume organic chemical. Mammals metabolize ET to ethylene oxide (EO), another important industrial chemical. The epoxide alkylates hemoglobin (Hb) and DNA and has mutagenic and carcinogenic properties. In order to estimate the EO burden in mice, rats, and humans resulting from inhalation exposure to gaseous ET or EO, a physiological toxicokinetic model was developed. It consists of the compartments lung, richly perfused tissues, kidneys, muscle, fat, arterial blood, venous blood, and liver containing the sub-compartment endoplasmic reticulum...
July 31, 2017: Toxicology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772351/the-influence-of-functional-warm-ischemia-time-on-dcd-liver-transplant-recipients-outcomes
#6
Jessica C Coffey, Kerollos N Wanis, Diethard Monbaliu, Nicholas Gilbo, Markus Selzner, Neeta Vachharajani, Mark A Levstik, Max Marquez, Mb Majella Doyle, Jacques Pirenne, David Grant, Julie K Heimbach, William Chapman, Kelly Vogt, Roberto Hernandez-Alejandro
BACKGROUND: Duration of functional warm ischemia (f-WIT) is thought to have a causal effect on outcomes in controlled donation after circulatory death (DCD) liver transplantation (LT). METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted at five centers. Data were extracted on donor and recipient characteristics, with attention to parameters recorded during withdrawal of life support to in-situ cold perfusion. F-WIT was the time elapsed from any of the hemodynamic and oxygenation parameters to the start of in-situ cold perfusion...
August 3, 2017: Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771446/micro-hccs-in-rats-with-liver-cirrhosis-paradoxical-effects-with-vascular-disrupting-agent-ca4p
#7
Yewei Liu, Ting Yin, Frederik De Keyzer, Yuanbo Feng, Feng Chen, Jianjun Liu, Shaoli Song, Jie Yu, Vincent Vandecaveye, Johan Swinnen, Guy Bormans, Uwe Himmelreich, Raymond Oyen, Jian Zhang, Gang Huang, Yicheng Ni
We sought to investigate anticancer efficacy of a vascular disrupting agent (VDA) combretastatin A-4 phosphate (CA4P) in relation to tumor size among hepatocellular carcinomas (HCCs) in rats using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and postmortem techniques. Nineteen rats with 43 chemically-induced HCCs of 2.8-20.9 mm in size on liver cirrhosis received CA4P intravenously at 10 mg/kg. Tumor-diameter was measured by T2-weighted imaging (T2WI) to define microcancers (< 5 mm) versus larger HCCs. Vascular responses and tissue necrosis were detected by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI), contrast-enhanced T1-weighted imaging (CE-T1WI) and dynamic contrast enhanced (DCE-) MRI, which were validated by microangiography and histopathology...
July 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770824/acute-liver-failure-enhances-oral-plasma-exposure-of-zidovudine-in-rats-by-downregulation-of-hepatic-ugt2b7-and-intestinal-p-gp
#8
Fan Wang, Ming-Xing Miao, Bin-Bin Sun, Zhong-Jian Wang, Xian-Ge Tang, Yang Chen, Kai-Jing Zhao, Xiao-Dong Liu, Li Liu
HIV infection is often associated with liver failure, which alters the pharmacokinetics of many drugs. In this study we investigated whether acute liver failure (ALF) altered the pharmacokinetics of the first-line anti-HIV agent zidovudine (AZT), a P-gp/BCRP substrate, in rats. ALF was induced in rats by injecting thioacetamide (TAA, 300 mg·kg(-1)·d(-1), ip) for 2 days. On the second day after the last injection of TAA, the pharmacokinetics of AZT was investigated following both oral (20 mg/kg) and intravenous (10 mg/kg) administration...
August 3, 2017: Acta Pharmacologica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766866/enhanced-oral-bioavailability-of-diltiazem-by-the-influence-of-gallic-acid-and-ellagic-acid-in-male-wistar-rats-involvement-of-cyp3a-and-p-gp-inhibition
#9
Bhargavi Latha Athukuri, Prasad Neerati
The oral bioavailability of diltiazem is very low due to rapid first pass metabolism in liver and intestine. The purpose of the study was to investigate the effect of gallic acid and ellagic acid on intestinal transport and oral bioavailability of diltiazem in rats. The intestinal transport and permeability of diltiazem was evaluated by in vitro non-everted sac method and in situ single pass intestinal perfusion study. The oral pharmacokinetics was evaluated by conducting oral bioavailability study. The intestinal transport and apparent permeability of diltiazem were significantly enhanced in duodenum, jejunum, and ileum of gallic and ellagic acid-treated groups...
August 2, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766171/cisplatin-and-cisplatin-analogues-perfusion-through-isolated-rat-heart-the-effects-of-acute-application-on-oxidative-stress-biomarkers
#10
Isidora M Stojic, Vladimir I Zivkovic, Ivan M Srejovic, Tamara R Nikolic, Nevena S Jeremic, Jovana N Jeremic, Dragan M Djuric, Nemanja Jovicic, Katarina G Radonjic, Zivadin D Bugarcic, Vladimir L J Jakovljevic, Slobodan S Novokmet
Drug-induced oxidative stress can occur in numerous tissues and organ systems (liver, kidney, ear, nervous system, and cardiovascular system). Cancer therapy with cisplatin is associated with side effects to which oxidative stress may contribute. We have compared the influences of cisplatin (reference compound) and its' analogues (dichloro(1,2-diaminocyclohexane)platinum(II) and chloro(2,2':6',2″-terpyridine)platinum(II)) in a model of isolated rat heart using the Langendorff technique. The production of oxidative stress biomarkers, antioxidant enzymes, myocardial damage, and expression of Bax, OH-1, and SODs were studied...
August 1, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755970/differences-of-first-pass-effect-in-the-liver-and-intestine-contribute-to-the-stereoselective-pharmacokinetics-of-rhynchophylline-and-isorhynchophylline-epimers-in-rats
#11
Xin Wang, Mei Zheng, Jia Liu, Zhifeng Huang, Yidan Bai, Zhuoying Ren, Ziwen Wang, Yangli Tian, Zhou Qiao, Wenyuan Liu, Feng Feng
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Uncaria rhynchophylla (Miq.) Miq. ex Havil., is a plant species used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat cardiovascular and central nervous system diseases. Rhynchophylline (RIN) and isorhynchophylline (IRN), a pair of epimers, are major alkaloids isolated from U. rhynchophylla and exhibit diverse pharmacological effects. Our previous study demonstrated that the pharmacokinetics of these epimers existed stereoselectivity after oral administration; however, the specific mechanism remains unknown and merits investigation...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752981/-ultrasonographic-features-of-hepatic-epithelioid-hemangioendothelioma-on-b-mode-and-contrast-enhanced-ultrasound
#12
Wen-Wu Ling, Yan Luo, Ling Lin, Lin Ma, Ting-Ting Qiu, Lu-Lu Yang, Qiang Lu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ultrasonographic features of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (HEHE) on B-mode and contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS). METHODS: From January 2012 to September 2016, 17 patients with surgery or biopsy confirmed HEHE were retrospectively analyzed for their clinical history, ultrasonographic data of B-mode ultrasound and CEUS characteristics. RESULTS: The mean age of the 17 patients was (42.88±13.95) yr...
July 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752456/isolation-of-kupffer-cells-and-hepatocytes-from-a-single-mouse-liver
#13
Marcela Aparicio-Vergara, Michaela Tencerova, Cecilia Morgantini, Emelie Barreby, Myriam Aouadi
Liver perfusion is a common technique used to isolate parenchymal and non-parenchymal liver cells for in vitro experiments. This method allows hepatic cells to be separated based on their size and weight, by centrifugation using a density gradient. To date, other methods allow the isolation of only one viable hepatic cellular fraction from a single mouse; either parenchymal (hepatocytes) or non-parenchymal cells (i.e., Kupffer cells or hepatic stellate cells). Here, we describe a method to isolate both hepatocytes and Kupffer cells from a single mouse liver, thereby providing the unique advantage of studying different liver cell types that have been isolated from the same organism...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742797/a-comparison-of-selective-aortic-arch-perfusion-and-resuscitative-endovascular-balloon-occlusion-of-the-aorta-for-the-management-of-hemorrhage-induced-traumatic-cardiac-arrest-a-translational-model-in-large-swine
#14
Ed B G Barnard, James E Manning, Jason E Smith, Jason M Rall, Jennifer M Cox, James D Ross
BACKGROUND: Survival rates remain low after hemorrhage-induced traumatic cardiac arrest (TCA). Noncompressible torso hemorrhage (NCTH) is a major cause of potentially survivable trauma death. Resuscitative Endovascular Balloon Occlusion of the Aorta (REBOA) at the thoracic aorta (Zone 1) can limit subdiaphragmatic blood loss and allow for IV fluid resuscitation when intrinsic cardiac activity is still present. Selective Aortic Arch Perfusion (SAAP) combines thoracic aortic balloon hemorrhage control with intra-aortic oxygenated perfusion to achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) when cardiac arrest has occurred...
July 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742516/prevention-of-renal-ischemia-perfusion-induced-renal-and-hepatic-injury-in-adult-male-albino-rats-by-oxytocin-role-of-nitric-oxide
#15
Merhan Mamdouh Ragy, Neven Makram Aziz
BACKGROUND: Oxytocin (OT) has an anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effect in the different inflammatory models. The current study aimed to evaluate the protective function of OT in renal and hepatic damages triggered by renal ischemia/reperfusion (IR) in rats. Moreover, the effect of NG-nitro-l-arginine methyl ester (l-NAME) was investigated on the kidney and liver functions in renal IR model. METHODS: Twenty-four rats were divided into four groups (six rats each) as follows: (1) Sham-operated group; (2) Renal IR group; (3) Renal IR+OT group; (4) Renal IR+OT+l-NAME...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742190/the-research-on-the-influences-of-hyperthermal-perfusion-chemotherapy-combined-with-immunologic-therapy-on-the-immunologic-function-and-levels-of-circulating-tumor-cells-of-the-advanced-colorectal-cancer-patients-with-liver-metastasis
#16
J-J Sun, G-L Fan, X-G Wang, K Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigated the influence of hyperthermal perfusion chemotherapy combined with immunologic therapy on the immunologic function and levels of circulating tumor cells of the advanced colorectal cancer patients with liver metastasis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We enrolled 98 advanced colorectal cancer patients with liver metastasis that were admitted to this hospital for treatment and were randomly divided into two groups, the observation group (n = 49) and the control group (n = 49)...
July 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737131/pharmacokinetics-of-flucloxacillin-and-its-metabolites-in-patients-with-renal-failure-impact-on-liver-toxicity%C3%A2
#17
Alexandra Maier-Salamon, Salwa Ahmed Elgendy, Brigitte Meyer, Matthias Vossen, Theresia Thalhammer, Florian Thalhammer, Walter Jäger
OBJECTIVE: The antimicrobial agent flucloxacillin is a potential cause of drug-induced liver disease, but the underlying mechanisms for toxicity have not been fully elucidated. As in-vitro and in-vivo findings suggest that biotransformation products contribute to hepatotoxicity, the purpose of this study was to characterize formation and accumulation of its metabolites in patients with renal failure. METHODS: Twelve intensive care patients undergoing continuous venovenous hemofiltration received 4...
July 24, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735525/oxygen-tension-independent-protection-against-hypoxic-cell-killing-in-rat-liver-by-low-sodium
#18
Andrea Ferrigno, Laura G Di Pasqua, Clarissa Berardo, Veronica Siciliano, Plinio Richelmi, Mariapia Vairetti
The role of Na+ in hypoxic injury was evaluated by a time-course analysis of damage in isolated livers perfused with N2-saturated buffer containing standard (143 mM) or low (25 mM) Na+ levels. Trypan blue uptake was used to detect non-viable cells. Under hypoxia with standard-Na+, trypan blue uptake began at the border between pericentral areas and periportal regions and increased in the latter zone; using a low-Na+ buffer, no trypan blue zonation occurred but a homogenous distribution of dye was found associated with sinusoidal endothelial cell (SEC) staining...
May 30, 2017: European Journal of Histochemistry: EJH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735385/preparation-of-decellularized-liver-scaffolds-and-recellularized-liver-grafts
#19
Yibin Chen, Sharon Geerts, Maria Jaramillo, Basak E Uygun
Severe liver disease is the 12th leading cause of death in the USA, with organ transplantation often being the only viable option for treatment. However, due to the shortage of viable donor livers, it is estimated that over 1200 patients died in 2015 while waiting for liver transplantation. This highlights the need for alternative sources of viable organs. In this study, we describe a method that provides the groundwork for the development of functional liver grafts. The approach described here is for removal of cells from intact livers and subsequently repopulating them with functional liver cells...
July 23, 2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734125/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-cold-in-situ-perfusion-and-preservation-of-the-hepatic-allograft-working-towards-a-unified-approach
#20
REVIEW
Ahmer M Hameed, Jerome M Laurence, Vincent W T Lam, Henry C Pleass, Wayne J Hawthorne
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of cold in situ perfusion and static storage of the liver is one possible determinant of transplantation outcomes. The aim of this study was to determine whether there is evidence to substantiate a preference for a particular perfusion route (aortic or dual) or perfusion/preservation solution in donation after brain-death (DBD) liver transplantation. METHODS: The Embase, Medline and Cochrane databases were utilized (1980-2017). Random effects modeling was used to estimate effects on transplantation outcomes based upon (i) aortic or dual in situ perfusion, and (ii) the use of University of Wisconsin (UW), histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate (HTK), Celsior and/or Institut Georges Lopez-1 (IGL-1) for perfusion/preservation...
July 22, 2017: Liver Transplantation
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