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mechanism of anca

Jiajin Yang, Heng Ge, Caroline J Poulton, Susan L Hogan, Yichun Hu, Britta E Jones, Candace D Henderson, Elizabeth A McInnis, William F Pendergraft, J Charles Jennette, Ronald J Falk, Dominic J Ciavatta
BACKGROUND: Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitis (AAV) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by destructive vascular inflammation. Two prominent ANCA autoantigens are myeloperoxidase (MPO) and proteinase 3 (PR3), and transcription of MPO and PRTN3, the genes encoding the autoantigens, is associated with disease activity. We investigated whether patients with AAV have alterations in histone modifications, particularly those associated with transcriptional activation, at MPO and PRTN3...
2016: Clinical Epigenetics
Cornelia Habacher, Yanwu Guo, Richard Venz, Pooja Kumari, Anca Neagu, Dimos Gaidatzis, Eva B Harvald, Nils J Færgeman, Heinz Gut, Rafal Ciosk
Obesity is a global health issue, arousing interest in molecular mechanisms controlling fat. Transcriptional regulation of fat has received much attention, and key transcription factors involved in lipid metabolism, such as SBP-1/SREBP, LPD-2/C/EBP, and MDT-15, are conserved from nematodes to mammals. However, there is a growing awareness that lipid metabolism can also be controlled by post-transcriptional mechanisms. Here, we show that the Caenorhabditis elegans RNase, REGE-1, related to MCPIP1/Zc3h12a/Regnase-1, a key regulator of mammalian innate immunity, promotes accumulation of body fat...
October 7, 2016: Developmental Cell
Anca Macovei, Andrea Pagano, Paola Leonetti, Daniela Carbonera, Alma Balestrazzi, Susana S Araújo
The pre-germinative metabolism is among the most fascinating aspects of seed biology. The early seed germination phase, or pre-germination, is characterized by rapid water uptake (imbibition), which directs a series of dynamic biochemical events. Among those are enzyme activation, DNA damage and repair, and use of reserve storage compounds, such as lipids, carbohydrates and proteins. Industrial seedling production and intensive agricultural production systems require seed stocks with high rate of synchronized germination and low dormancy...
October 11, 2016: Plant Cell Reports
Anca D Mateescu, Ioan M Coman, Carmen C Beladan, Bogdan Radulescu, Carmen Ginghina, Bogdan A Popescu
We report the case of a rare association of a congenital Gerbode defect with severe mitral regurgitation due to abnormal linear structure of mitral valve, diagnosed in an adult patient. The case highlights the importance of a thorough examination interpreting the echocardiographic findings on a pathophysiological basis. It also underlines the complementary role of different imaging techniques with transesophageal echocardiography, allowing the precise assessment of both structural and functional abnormalities in such a complex case...
September 2016: Korean Circulation Journal
Costina Ruxandra Păsărelu, Gerhard Andersson, Lise Bergman Nordgren, Anca Dobrean
Anxiety and depressive disorders are often comorbid. Transdiagnostic and tailored treatments seem to be promising approaches in dealing with comorbidity. Although several primary studies have examined the effects of Internet-delivered cognitive behavior therapy (iCBT) for anxiety and depression, no meta-analysis including different types of iCBT that address comorbidity has been conducted so far. We conducted systematic searches in databases up to 1 July 2016. Only randomized trials comparing transdiagnostic/tailored iCBT for adult anxiety and/or depression with control groups were included...
October 7, 2016: Cognitive Behaviour Therapy
Patricia-Anca Steinmassl, Verena Wiedemair, Christian Huck, Florian Klaunzer, Otto Steinmassl, Ingrid Grunert, Herbert Dumfahrt
OBJECTIVES: Computer-aided design (CAD)/computer-aided manufacturing (CAM) dentures are assumed to have more favourable material properties than conventionally fabricated dentures, among them a lower methacrylate monomer release. The aim of this study was to test this hypothesis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CAD/CAM dentures were generated from ten different master casts by using four different CAD/CAM systems. Conventional, heat-polymerised dentures served as control group...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Oral Investigations
Gagandeep Kaur, Kanika Mohindra, Shifali Singla
Autoimmune reactions reflect an imbalance between effector and regulatory immune responses, typically develop through stages of initiation and propagation, and often show phases of resolution (indicated by clinical remissions) and exacerbations (indicated by symptomatic flares). The fundamental underlying mechanism of autoimmunity is defective elimination and/or control of self-reactive lymphocytes. Periodontal diseases are characterized by inflammatory conditions that directly affect teeth supporting structures which are the major cause of tooth loss...
September 21, 2016: Autoimmunity Reviews
Mihaela Balas, Sabrina Constanda, Adriana Duma-Voiculet, Mariana Prodana, Anca Hermenean, Sevinci Pop, Ioana Demetrescu, Anca Dinischiotu
This study focused on the fabrication and toxicity characterization of a hybrid material-based on the multiple functionalizations of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs) with carboxyl or amino groups and the anti-tumor drug carboplatin (CP). The functionalization was evidenced by Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The amount of platinum ions released in the simulated body fluid (SBF) was assessed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS)...
December 2016: Toxicology in Vitro: An International Journal Published in Association with BIBRA
Marius Raica, Adriana-Andreea Jitariu, Anca Maria Cimpean
Cutaneous malignant melanoma is an aggressive tumor characterized by early lymph node metastasis and bad prognosis. Although the spread of tumor cells in the regional lymph nodes is very important in the staging, prognosis and therapeutic strategy of malignant melanoma, the mechanism(s) of initial lymphatic vessels invasion is are) not completely understood. In the present review, we analyze the main factors involved in melanoma-associated lymphangiogenesis, based on existing available evidence. Currently, there are no anti-lymphangiogenic drugs approved for clinical trials...
September 2016: Anticancer Research
Manabu Tashiro, Yoshie Sasatomi, Renya Watanabe, Maho Watanabe, Katsuhisa Miyake, Yasuhiro Abe, Tetsuhiko Yasuno, Kenji Ito, Naoko Ueki, Aki Hamauchi, Ritsuya Noda, Satoshi Hisano, Hitoshi Nakashima
BACKGROUND: It is widely accepted that tubulointerstitial injury (TII) is caused by glomerular injury (GI) in glomerular diseases. Glomerular endocapillary inflammation may result in crescent formation and exuded protein leakage, which may induce TII in antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibody-associated glomerulonephritis (ANCAGN). However, some reports have indicated a glomerulonephritis-independent mechanism of TII in ANCAGN. The aim of this study was to determine the principle cytokines correlated with TII severity and to elucidate a characteristic mechanism for TII in ANCAGN...
October 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Roman Sandor, Christophe Der, Kevin Grosjean, Iulia Anca, Elodie Noirot, Nathalie Leborgne-Castel, Jan Lochman, Françoise Simon-Plas, Patricia Gerbeau-Pissot
Although plants are exposed to a great number of pathogens, they usually defend themselves by triggering mechanisms able to limit disease development. Alongside signalling events common to most such incompatible interactions, modifications of plasma membrane (PM) physical properties could be new players in the cell transduction cascade. Different pairs of elicitors (cryptogein, oligogalacturonides, and flagellin) and plant cells (tobacco and Arabidopsis) were used to address the issue of possible modifications of plant PM biophysical properties induced by elicitors and their links to other events of the defence signalling cascade...
September 2016: Journal of Experimental Botany
Anca Doloc-Mihu, Ronald L Calabrese
The underlying mechanisms that support robustness in neuronal networks are as yet unknown. However, recent studies provide evidence that neuronal networks are robust to natural variations, modulation, and environmental perturbations of parameters, such as maximal conductances of intrinsic membrane and synaptic currents. Here we sought a method for assessing robustness, which might easily be applied to large brute-force databases of model instances. Starting with groups of instances with appropriate activity (e...
July 2016: ENeuro
Janine Scholefield, Ricardo Henriques, Anca F Savulescu, Elisabeth Fontan, Alix Boucharlat, Emmanuel Laplantine, Asma Smahi, Alain Israël, Fabrice Agou, Musa M Mhlanga
The NF-κB pathway has critical roles in cancer, immunity and inflammatory responses. Understanding the mechanism(s) by which mutations in genes involved in the pathway cause disease has provided valuable insight into its regulation, yet many aspects remain unexplained. Several lines of evidence have led to the hypothesis that the regulatory/sensor protein NEMO acts as a biological binary switch. This hypothesis depends on the formation of a higher-order structure, which has yet to be identified using traditional molecular techniques...
2016: Nature Communications
Giovanni M Rossi, Giacomo Emmi, Domenico Corradi, Maria L Urban, Federica Maritati, Federica Landini, Paola Galli, Alessandra Palmisano, Augusto Vaglio
Mediastinal fibrosis is a rare disease characterised by fibrous proliferation in the mediastinum. It can be idiopathic or secondary to several conditions such as infections and malignancies. Anecdotal reports have described idiopathic mediastinal fibrosis (IMF) in association with other fibro-inflammatory or autoimmune diseases. We report nine new IMF cases recently seen at our Fibro-Inflammatory Disease Clinic and reviewed the IMF cases reported in the English language literature throughout 2006-2016. The purposes of our literature search were to assess the frequency of the association between IMF and other immune-mediated disorders and to analyse which disorders most often coexist with IMF...
August 23, 2016: Clinical Reviews in Allergy & Immunology
Sophie E Creuzet, Jean P Viallet, Maya Ghawitian, Sakina Torch, Jacques Thélu, Moussab Alrajeh, Anca G Radu, Daniel Bouvard, Floriane Costagliola, Maïlys Le Borgne, Karine Buchet-Poyau, Nicolas Aznar, Sylvie Buschlen, Hiroshi Hosoya, Chantal Thibert, Marc Billaud
Head development in vertebrates proceeds through a series of elaborate patterning mechanisms and cell-cell interactions involving cephalic neural crest cells (CNCC). These cells undergo extensive migration along stereotypical paths after their separation from the dorsal margins of the neural tube and they give rise to most of the craniofacial skeleton. Here, we report that the silencing of the LKB1 tumor suppressor affects the delamination of pre-migratory CNCC from the neural primordium as well as their polarization and survival, thus resulting in severe facial and brain defects...
October 15, 2016: Developmental Biology
Alina Cristina Neguț, Mariana-Carmen Chifiriuc, Oana Săndulescu, Anca Streinu-Cercel, Mihaela Oprea, Elena Carmina Drăgulescu, Irina Gheorghe, Ioana Berciu, Coralia Bleotu, Marcela Popa, Dan Oțelea, Daniela Tălăpan, Olga Dorobăț, Irina Codiță, Mircea Ioan Popa, Adrian Streinu-Cercel
The increasing burden of invasive biofilm-related staphylococcal infections led to a dire need for new agents to prevent biofilm formation. Bacteriophages may hypothetically alter biofilm through several mechanisms, including induction of depolymerizing enzymes, and lysis of persistent bacteria. We have assessed the influence of commercially-available bacteriophage cocktails on Staphylococcus spp. clinical strains viability and biofilm formation. We analyzed 83 staphylococcal strains from patients consecutively admitted to a Romanian infection reference center from October 2014 through May 2015; the strains were characterized by phenotypic and genetic tools for their resistance and virulence features and for their phyliation...
August 11, 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Anca Hermenean, Claudia Ghiozdan, Sami Gharbia, Istvan A Krizbai, Aurel Ardelean
Chronic liver and kidney diseases are among the most fearful pathologies affecting an increasing number of people, having severe consequences on life quality. Although much progress has been made in recent years, availability of cost-effective and innovative therapies is still an unmet medical need. One of the major challenges in the therapy of liver and kidney diseases is to selectively deliver drugs to achieve therapeutically relevant concentration in the target organ, in order to decrease the amount of drug needed and to reduce unwanted side effects...
July 26, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Andrea Ablasser, Anca Dorhoi
Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb) and represents one of the most relevant bacterial diseases worldwide. Recent advances have yielded new insights into the molecular basis of the immune response required for restriction of the pathogen and also highlighted determinants of immunopathology in TB. Several innate immune mediators including soluble proteins as well as lipid molecules participate in both processes, and their mechanisms of action during TB have been extensively studies over the past years...
2016: Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology
Jung Park, Anca Mazare, Holm Schneider, Klaus von der Mark, Michael J M Fischer, Patrik Schmuki
On biocompatible implant surfaces, cellular behavior and fate of stem cells are determined not only by microenvironmental signals but also by electrochemical signals. The potential of electric fields (EFs) to stimulate bone growth and bone healing has been widely demonstrated, but the molecular mechanism linking EFs to osteogenic differentiation has remained elusive. Here we show that constant EFs triggered osteogenic induction of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) on a defined nanotubular TiO2 substrate. EFs stimulate the formation of plasma membrane protrusions and the transport of connexin 43 to these protrusions...
August 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Madalin Marius Margan, Andreea Adriana Jitariu, Anca Maria Cimpean, Cristian Nica, Marius Raica
Normal human breast tissue consists of epithelial and nonepithelial cells with different molecular profiles and differentiation grades. This molecular heterogeneity is known to yield abnormal clones that may contribute to the development of breast carcinomas. Stem cells that are found in developing and mature breast tissue are either positive or negative for cytokeratin 19 depending on their subtype. These cells are able to generate carcinogenesis along with mature cells. However, scientific data remains controversial regarding the monoclonal or polyclonal origin of breast carcinomas...
June 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
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