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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728396/characterization-and-functional-inferences-of-a-genome-wide-dna-methylation-profile-in-the-loin-longissimus-dorsi-muscle-of-swine
#1
Woonsu Kim, Hyesun Park, Kang-Seok Seo, Seongwon Seo
Objective: DNA methylation plays a major role in regulating the expression of genes related to traits of economic interest (e.g., weight gain) in livestock animals. This study characterized and investigated the functional inferences of genome-wide DNA methylome in the loin (longissimus dorsi) muscle (LDM) of swine. Methods: A total of 8.99 Gb methylated DNA immunoprecipitation sequence data were obtained from LDM samples of eight Duroc pigs (four pairs of littermates)...
May 14, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728353/estimation-of-rate-and-number-of-under-reporting-deliberate-self-poisoning-attempts-in-western-iran-2015
#2
Mehdi Moradinazar, Farid Najafi, Mohammad Reza Baneshi, Ali Akbar Haghdoost
Objectives: Rates of Deliberate Self-Poisoning (DSP) attempts are subjected to under-counting, under-reporting, and denying suicide attempts. In this study, therefore, we seek to estimate the rate of under-reported DSPs, which is the most common way of suicide attempts in Iran. Methods: Using truncated count models, we estimated rates and numbers of under-counted DSP attempts in western part of Iran in 2015. By this method, n0, namely the number of people attempted DSP, but not referring to any health care centers, was calculated through data connection...
June 15, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728331/surgery-requiring-detailed-preoperative-simulation-and-scar-de-epithelialization-to-repair-severe-postoperative-scarring-from-gastroschisis
#3
Naohiro Ishii, Tomito Oji, Kazuo Kishi
We present the case of a patient with severe postoperative scarring from surgical treatment for gastroschisis, with the intestine located immediately under the dermal scar. Although many patients are unsatisfied with the results of scar repair treatment, few reports exist regarding severe or difficult cases involving the surgical repair of postoperative scar contracture. We achieved an excellent result via simulation involving graph paper drawings that were generated using computed tomography images as a reference, followed by dermal scar deepithelialization...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728330/hair-diameter-variation-in-different-vertical-regions-of-the-occipital-safe-donor-area
#4
Seon Sik Yun, Jae Hyun Park, Young Cheon Na
BACKGROUND: Little is known concerning hair diameter variation within the safe donor area for hair transplantation surgery. Thicker or thinner hair may be needed, depending on the recipient area, hairline design, and the purpose of surgery. METHODS: Twenty-seven patients (7 men and 20 women; mean age, 28 years; range, 20-47 years) were included in this study. The midoccipital point was used as the reference point on the horizontal plane at the upper border of the helical rim...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728321/review-of-the-nomenclature-of-the-retaining-ligaments-of-the-cheek-frequently-confused-terminology
#5
Yeui Seok Seo, Jennifer Kim Song, Tae Suk Oh, Seong Ihl Kwon, Tanvaa Tansatit, Joo Heon Lee
Since the time of its inception within facial anatomy, wide variability in the terminology as well as the location and extent of retaining ligaments has resulted in confusion over nomenclature. Confusion over nomenclature also arises with regard to the subcutaneous ligamentous attachments, and in the anatomic location and extent described, particularly for zygomatic and masseteric ligaments. Certain historical terms-McGregor's patch, the platysma auricular ligament, parotid cutaneous ligament, platysma auricular fascia, temporoparotid fasica (Lore's fascia), anterior platysma-cutaneous ligament, and platysma cutaneous ligament-delineate retaining ligaments of related anatomic structures that have been conceptualized in various ways...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728307/changes-in-reference-evapotranspiration-and-its-driving-factors-in-the-middle-reaches-of-yellow-river-basin-china
#6
Dunxian She, Jun Xia, Yongyong Zhang
Reference evapotranspiration (ET0) is important for agricultural, environmental and other studies, and understanding the attribution of its change is helpful to provide information for irrigation scheduling and water resources management. The present study investigates the attribution of the change of ET0 at 49 meteorological stations in the middle reaches of Yellow River basin (MRYRB) of China from 1960 to 2012. Results show that annual ET0 increases from the northwest to the southeast of MRYRB in space. We find that annual ET0 clearly presents a zigzag change pattern rather than a monotonically change during the whole period...
July 16, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728305/-incidence-and-mortality-of-stomach-cancer-in-china-2013
#7
S W Zhang, Z X Yang, R S Zheng, H M Zeng, W Q Chen, J He
Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality of stomach cancer in China based on the cancer registration data in 2013, collected by the National Central Cancer Registry (NCCR). Methods: There were 347 cancer registries that submitted stomach cancer incidence and deaths occurred in 2013 to NCCR. After evaluating the data quality, 255 registries' data were accepted for analysis and stratified by areas (urban/rural), sex, and age group. Combined with data on national population in 2013, the nationwide incidence and mortality of stomach cancer were estimated...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728300/-evaluate-the-value-of-18-f-fdg-pet-ct-imaging-in-predicting-the-mutationsin-epidermal-growth-factor-receptor-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#8
C Y Ding, W P Yang, Z Guo, J Sun, Y Y Li, T R Li
Objective: To investigate the value of maximum Standardized Uptake Value(SUVmax), Metabolic Tumor Volume (MTV) and Total Lesion Glycolysis (TLG) calculated from (18)F-FDG PET-CT in predicting the presence of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) mutations in lung adenocarcinoma. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 137 lung adenocarcinoma patients with EGFR mutations testing and pretreatment (18)F-FDG PET-CT. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve analysis was performed to quantify the predictive value of SUVmax、MTV、TLG...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728291/-relationship-of-endometrial-thickness-and-endometrial-cancer-risk-in-postmenopausal-women
#9
L Li, M Wu
Evaluation of the vaginal bleeding of postmenopausal women is crucial to diagnose endometrial lesions. Endometrial thickness measured by transvaginal ultrasonography provides an important reference for diagnosis. Currently, no specific cut-off value of endometrial thickness has been identified to predict the malignant risk for endometrial thickening and postmenopausal women without any symptoms. Most of resected endometrial specimens from postmenopausal women without any symptoms are diagnosed as benign or normal tissues...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728265/-mass-spectrometry-combined-with-gene-analysis-for-prenatal-diagnosis-of-glutaric-acidemia-type-%C3%A2
#10
F Han, L S Han, W J Ji, T Chen, F Xu, Y Wang, J Ye, W J Qiu, H W Zhang, Y Z Jiang, C Hou, X F Gu
Objective: To investigate the value of amniotic fluid metabolite detection by mass spectrometry combined with gene mutation analysis in the prenatal diagnosis of glutaric acidemia type Ⅰ (GA-Ⅰ). Method: From January 2009 to December 2016, Department of Pediatric Endocrinology and Genetic, Xinhua Hospital Affiliated to Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine carried out prenatal diagnosis for 24 cases of pregnant women with GA-Ⅰproband. 24 pregnant women without organic acidemia proband for conventional prenatal diagnosis at the same period were used as the control group...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728202/-pyogenic-liver-abscess-changes-of-organisms-and-consequences-for-diagnosis-and-therapy
#11
Alexander Mischnik, Winfried Vincenz Kern, Robert Thimme
Liver abscess is a rare but potentially fatal disease with mortality rates of 2 - 12 %. The spectrum of causative microorganisms varies across the world and is changing due to increasing worldwide travel activity. As a result, previously less frequent pathogens must increasingly be considered in the differential diagnosis. The most common pathogens of liver abscess are so-called abscess streptococci, anaerobes and Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Certain clones among the Gram-negatives, typically among Klebsiella spp...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728186/choroidal-neovascularization-and-geographic-atrophy-are-potential-complications-of-early-onset-large-colloid-drusen
#12
Adriano Carnevali, Giuseppe Querques
The authors report a case of large colloid drusen (LCD) complicated by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and geographic atrophy (GA). A 54-year-old man was referred to the authors' department with diagnosis of early onset retinal drusen. Multimodal imaging led to a diagnosis of LCD complicated by GA in the right eye and CNV in the left eye. The patient received a single injection of intravitreal aflibercept (Eylea; Regeneron, Tarrytown, NY) in the left eye. Six months later, best-corrected visual acuity improved to 20/25, and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography still showed absence of subretinal and intraretinal fluid...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728185/novel-presenting-phenotype-in-a-child-with-autosomal-dominant-best-s-vitelliform-macular-dystrophy
#13
Yasmine F Abdalla, Gabriella De Salvo, Ahmad Elsahn, James E Self
Best's macular dystrophy (BMD) usually manifests with visual failure in the first or second decade of life; however, there is a large variability in expressivity of the disease, and some patients have no manifestation other than a pathological electro-oculogram (EOG). Autosomal dominant Best's vitelliform macular dystrophy (AD-BVMD) has a very specific phenotype that varies with the stage of the disease. In recent years, the authors have seen description of another clinical entity known as autosomal recessive BMD...
July 1, 2017: Ophthalmic Surgery, Lasers & Imaging Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728102/uterine-necrosis-following-a-combination-of-uterine-compression-sutures-and-vascular-ligation-during-a-postpartum-hemorrhage-a-case-report
#14
Saad Benkirane, Hanane Saadi, Badr Serji, Ahmed Mimouni
INTRODUCTION: The Postpartum bleeding is the first cause of maternal mortality in Morocco. It is an obstetrical emergency that requires a fast multimodal management including medical care, interventional procedure and in few cases a salvatory surgery. CLINICAL CASE: We report a rare case of uterine necrosis following postpartum hemorrhage, refractory to medical therapy, and which was controlled by a combination of uterine hemostatic techniques and vascular ligation three days after surgery, the patient developed a fever (39°C)...
July 10, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728090/remote-mood-monitoring-for-adults-with-bipolar-disorder-an-explorative-study-of-compliance-and-impact-on-mental-health-service-use-and-costs
#15
J Simon, K Budge, J Price, G M Goodwin, J R Geddes
BACKGROUND: Remote monitoring of mood disorders may be an effective and low resource option for patient follow-up, but relevant evidence remains very limited. This study explores real-life compliance and health services impacts of mood monitoring among patients with bipolar disorder in the UK. METHODS: Patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder who were registered users of the True Colours monitoring system for at least 12months at study assessment were included in this retrospective cohort study (n=79)...
July 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728054/an-artificial-neural-network-system-to-identify-alleles-in-reference-electropherograms
#16
Duncan Taylor, Ash Harrison, David Powers
Electropherograms are produced in great numbers in forensic DNA laboratories as part of everyday criminal casework. Before the results of these electropherograms can be used they must be scrutinised by analysts to determine what the identified data tells them about the underlying DNA sequences and what is purely an artefact of the DNA profiling process. This process of interpreting the electropherograms can be time consuming and is prone to subjective differences between analysts. Recently it was demonstrated that artificial neural networks could be used to classify information within an electropherogram as allelic (i...
July 8, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728043/autofocus-on-moving-object-in-scanning-electron-microscope
#17
Andrey V Kudryavtsev, Sounkalo Dembélé, Nadine Piat
The sharpness of the images coming from a Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) is a very important property for many computer vision applications at micro- and nanoscale. It represents how much object details are distinctive in the images: the object may be perceived sharp or blurred. Image sharpness highly depends on the value of focal distance, or working distance in the case of the SEM. Autofocus is the technique allowing to automatically adjust the working distance to maximize the sharpness. Most of the existing algorithms allows working only with a static object which is enough for the tasks of visualization, manual microanalysis or microcharacterization...
July 12, 2017: Ultramicroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728039/cognitive-restructuring-of-gambling-related-thoughts-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Maxime Chrétien, Isabelle Giroux, Annie Goulet, Christian Jacques, Stéphane Bouchard
Gamblers' thoughts have a fundamental influence on their gambling problem. Cognitive restructuring is the intervention of choice to correct those thoughts. However, certain difficulties are noted in the application of cognitive restructuring techniques and the comprehension of their guidelines. Furthermore, the increase of skill game players (e.g. poker) entering treatment creates a challenge for therapists, as these gamblers present with different thoughts than those of the gamblers usually encountered in treatment (e...
July 8, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728011/anti-inflammatory-effect-of-sugar-amino-acid-maillard-reaction-products-on-intestinal-inflammation-model-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo
#19
Jun-Gu Oh, Su-Hyun Chun, Da Hyun Kim, Jin Hye Kim, Hye Soo Shin, Yong Soo Cho, Yong Ki Kim, Hee-Don Choi, Kwang-Won Lee
The Maillard reaction is a nonenzymatic reaction between an amino acid and a reducing sugar that usually occurs upon heating. This reaction occurs routinely in cooking, generates numerous products, which are collectively referred to as Maillard reaction products (MRPs) contributing to aroma and color features. Advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) transformed from MRPs are participated in many types of inflammation reaction. In this study, various sugar-amino acid MRPs were prepared from three different amino acids (lysine, arginine, and glycine) and sugars (glucose, fructose, and galactose) for 1 h with heating at 121 °C...
July 11, 2017: Carbohydrate Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727969/fetal-dysmorphology-still-an-essential-art-analysis-of-the-limitations-of-microarray-in-a-fetal-population-and-a-look-toward-the-genome-sequencing-era
#20
E Fletcher, M Porteous, K J McKenzie, E J Maher, M J Evans
Cytogenomic microarray allows assessment of the genome at higher resolutions than traditional karyotyping. The objective of this study is to evaluate the utility of microarray in a routine fetal autopsy setting before the advent of routine fetal exome/genome sequencing and the issues these technologies may generate. A systematic review of fetal postmortems at 12-24 weeks gestation between January 2011 and December 2014 was undertaken. Cases where there was no consent for audit, research, or genetic testing were excluded as were cases referred to the Procurator Fiscal, stillbirths, and neonatal deaths...
July 2017: Pediatric and Developmental Pathology
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