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kidney liver pancreas transplant

J H Kang, B H Choi, K M Moon, Y M Park, K H Yang, J H Ryu, C W Chu
It is well known that the quality of organs retrieved from brain-dead donors (DBDs) is better than those retrieved from circulatory death donors. However, in situations of organ retrieval from marginal DBDs, who are unstable despite intensive care, transplantation outcomes are not good. Organ ischemia is the most important determining factor in decreased organ quality in circulatory death donors and in some DBDs. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) for management of DBDs can be an emergency countermeasure...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Cornelis R van der Torren, Jessica S Suwandi, DaHae Lee, Ernst-Jan T van 't Wout, Gaby Duinkerken, Godelieve Swings, Arend Mulder, Frans H J Claas, Zhidong Ling, Pieter Gillard, Bart Keymeulen, Peter In 't Veld, Bart O Roep
Transplantation of islet allografts into type 1 diabetic recipients usually requires multiple pancreas donors to achieve insulin independence. This adds to the challenges of immunological monitoring of islet transplantation currently relying on surrogate immune markers in peripheral blood. We investigated donor origin and infiltration of islets transplanted in the liver of a T1D patient who died of hemorrhagic stroke four months after successful transplantation with two intraportal islet grafts combining six donors...
October 10, 2016: Cell Transplantation
Sumeeta Khurana, Nitya Batra
Toxoplasmosis in organ transplant patients can be a result of donor-transmitted infection, or reactivation of latent infection, or de novo infection. Solid organ transplants including heart, liver, kidney, pancreas and small bowel, and hematogenous stem cell transplants have been implicated in the risk of acquiring infection. In contrast to a benign course in immunocompetent individuals, the spectrum of illness is severe in transplant recipients. Clinical manifestations usually occur within the first 3 months of transplant and may present as encephalitis, pneumonitis, chorioretinitis, meningitis, and disseminated toxoplasmosis with multi-organ involvement...
July 2016: Tropical Parasitology
Carlo Castellani, Baroukh M Assael
Cystic fibrosis (CF), a monogenic disease caused by mutations in the CFTR gene on chromosome 7, is complex and greatly variable in clinical expression. Airways, pancreas, male genital system, intestine, liver, bone, and kidney are involved. The lack of CFTR or its impaired function causes fat malabsorption and chronic pulmonary infections leading to bronchiectasis and progressive lung damage. Previously considered lethal in infancy and childhood, CF has now attained median survivals of 50 years of age, mainly thanks to the early diagnosis through neonatal screening, recognition of mild forms, and an aggressive therapeutic attitude...
October 5, 2016: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
Charles Frenette, David Sperlea, Yveta Leharova, Daniel J G Thirion
OBJECTIVE The goal of this long-term quasi-experimental retrospective study was to assess the impact of a 5-year serial infection control and antimicrobial stewardship intervention on surgical site infections (SSIs). METHODS This study was conducted in a tertiary-care public teaching institution over a 5-year period from January 2010 to December 2014. All patients undergoing hepatobiliary surgery and liver, kidney, pancreas, and simultaneous pancreas-kidney transplantation were included. Outcomes were compared between a preintervention group (2010-2011) and a postintervention group (2012-2014)...
October 3, 2016: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
Stefan G Tullius, Bohdan Pomahac, Heung Bae Kim, Matthew J Carty, Simon G Talbot, Helen M Nelson, Francis L Delmonico
We report on the to date largest recovery of 11 organs from a single deceased donor with the transplantation of face, bilateral upper extremities, heart, 1 lung, liver (split for 2 recipients), kidneys, pancreas, and intestine. Although logistically challenging, this case demonstrates the feasibility and safety of the recovery of multiple thoracic and abdominal organs with multiple vascular composite allotransplants and tissues. Our experience of 8 additional successful multiple vascular composite allotransplants, thoracic, and abdominal organ recoveries suggests that such procedures are readily accomplishable from the same deceased donor...
October 2016: Transplantation
Cynthia M Stonnington, Betty Darby, Angela Santucci, Pamela Mulligan, Patricia Pathuis, Andrea Cuc, Joseph G Hentz, Nan Zhang, David Mulligan, Amit Sood
Solid organ and stem cell transplant patients and their caregivers report a substantial level of distress. Mindfulness-based stress reduction has been shown to alleviate distress associated with transplant, but there is limited experience in this population with other mindfulness-based interventions, or with combined transplant patient and caregiver interventions. We evaluated a novel, 6-week mindfulness-based resilience training (MBRT) class for transplant patients and their caregivers that incorporates mindfulness practice, yoga, and neuroscience of stress and resilience...
September 12, 2016: Clinical Transplantation
M Karakose, F A Pinarli, M S Arslan, G Boyuk, B Boztok, A Albayrak, A T Ulus, E Cakal, T Delibasi
BACKGROUND: Currently, the most commonly used site for clinical islet transplantation is the liver although it is far from being an ideal site. Low oxygen tension and the induction of an inflammatory response impair islet implantation and lead to significant early loss of islet. The present study aimed to investigate and compare the efficacy of islet transplantation to the ovary and kidney subcapsule in diabetic rats. METHODS: The study was performed with 3 groups of rats (control, ovary, and kidney subcapsule) including 6 Sprague female rats each...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
D R Cote, T J Chirichella, K A Noon, D M Shafran, J J Augustine, J A Schulak, E Q Sanchez, K J Woodside
BACKGROUND: Smoking is a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, malignancy, and surgical complications. Transplant center practices toward smokers vary widely and evoke the classic tension between the ethical principles of justice and utility. We sought to assess current smoking policy variation in U.S. kidney, liver, and pancreas transplant centers. METHODS: An online survey was sent to program directors of all United Network for Organ Sharing-approved solid abdominal organ transplant programs regarding their policies toward prior and current tobacco use...
July 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Waseem Q Anani, Adriana Zeevi, John G Lunz
OBJECTIVES: Luminex-based single-antigen bead human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antibody testing is widely used to define HLA antibodies for transplant compatibility. False-negative results can occur with complement-mediated prozone inhibition. This study assessed the effect of EDTA on the assay background reactivity and fluctuations in antibody mean fluorescent intensity. METHODS: Serum specimens were retrospectively tested using Luminex-based single-antigen beads with and without EDTA...
September 2016: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
Erik Stites, Alexander C Wiseman
Kidney transplantation has proven to be the gold standard therapy for severe chronic kidney disease (CKD) due to multiple etiologies in individuals deemed eligible from a surgical standpoint. While kidney transplantation is traditionally considered in conditions of native kidney disease such as diabetes and immunological or inherited causes of kidney disease, an increasing indication for kidney transplantation is kidney dysfunction in the setting of other severe organ dysfunction that requires transplant, such as severe liver or heart disease...
October 2016: Transplantation Reviews
N Mazanowska, D Rajski, B Pietrzak, P Kaminski, M Wielgos
BACKGROUND: Pathological changes of uterine adnexa are frequently encountered in patients after solid-organ transplantation. The aim of the study was to evaluate the incidence of malignancies among recipients operated with the diagnosis of adnexal tumor with or without clinical symptoms. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed data from 146 solid-organ recipients who underwent surgery in the First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of Warsaw, in the years 2000 to 2014...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Eileen C Farnon, Kenneth E Kokko, Philip J Budge, Chukwuma Mbaeyi, Emily C Lutterloh, Yvonne Qvarnstrom, Alexandre J da Silva, Wun-Ju Shieh, Sharon L Roy, Christopher D Paddock, Rama Sriram, Sherif R Zaki, Govinda S Visvesvara, Matthew J Kuehnert
BACKGROUND: During 2009 and 2010, 2 clusters of organ transplant-transmitted Balamuthia mandrillaris, a free-living ameba, were detected by recognition of severe unexpected illness in multiple recipients from the same donor. METHODS: We investigated all recipients and the 2 donors through interview, medical record review, and testing of available specimens retrospectively. Surviving recipients were tested and treated prospectively. RESULTS: In the 2009 cluster of illness, 2 kidney recipients were infected and 1 died...
October 1, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
John P Donnelly, Jayme E Locke, Paul A MacLennan, Gerald McGwin, Roslyn B Mannon, Monika M Safford, John W Baddley, Paul Muntner, Henry E Wang
BACKGROUND: Solid organ transplant (SOT) recipients are at elevated risk of sepsis. The impact of SOT on outcomes following sepsis is unclear. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from University HealthSystem Consortium, a consortium of academic medical center affiliates. We examined the association between SOT and mortality among patients hospitalized with severe sepsis or explicitly coded sepsis in 2012-2014. We used International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes to identify severe sepsis, explicitly coded sepsis, and SOT (kidney, liver, heart, lung, pancreas, or intestine transplants)...
July 15, 2016: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Gaël Dos Santos, François Haguinet, Catherine Cohet, Dave Webb, John Logie, Germano L C Ferreira, Dominique Rosillon, Vivek Shinde
BACKGROUND: Annual seasonal influenza vaccination is recommended for transplant recipients. No formal pharmacoepidemiology study has been published on the association between solid organ transplant (SOT) rejection and vaccination with seasonal trivalent inactivated influenza vaccines (TIIVs). METHODS: The risk of SOT (liver, kidney, lung, heart or pancreas) rejection after TIIV vaccination was assessed using a self-controlled case-series method (NCT01715792). SOT recipients in England with transplant rejection were selected from the Clinical Practice Research Datalink and linked Hospital Episode Statistics inpatient data...
June 30, 2016: Vaccine
Nasrollah Ghahramani
Limited organ availability in all countries has stimulated discussion about incentives to increase donation. Since 1988, Iran has operated the only government-sponsored paid living donor (LD) kidney transplant program. This article reviews aspects of the Living Unrelated Donor program and development of deceased donation in Iran. Available evidence indicates that in the partially regulated Iranian Model, the direct negotiation between donors and recipients fosters direct monetary relationship with no safeguards against mutual exploitation...
June 2016: Transplantation
Agata Kujawa-Szewieczek, Marcin Adamczak, Katarzyna Kwiecień, Sylwia Dudzicz, Zofia Prażak, Andrzej Więcek
BACKGROUND: Few studies have evaluated the incidence and risk factors of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) in the adult Polish population, in particular in solid organ recipients hospitalized at the nephrological ward. AIM: The aim of this study was to analyze Clostridium difficile infections (CDI) among patients hospitalized in the Department of Nephrology, Transplantation and Internal Medicine, Medical University of Silesia in Katowice. MATERIAL/METHODS: Thirty-seven patients with Clostridium difficile infection diagnosed between October 2011 and November 2013 (26 months), identified among a total of 3728 patients hospitalized in this department during this period, were included in this retrospective, single-center study...
2016: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
J Feugeas, S Mory, H Jeulin, A Velay, J-P Pertek, M Ladriere, M-R Losser
Herpes simplex Virus (HSV) hepatitis is a rare complication of HSV-1 primary infection, with a delayed diagnosis, affecting mainly immunocompromised patients. We describe a case of HSV-1 hepatitis after primary infection occurring in the postoperative days after a pancreas-kidney transplantation. The patient presented with an unusual evolution of a persistent severe hepatitis associated with a persistent viremia (Quantitative Polymerase Chain Reaction) despite an adequate intravenous (iv) antiviral treatment...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Virology: the Official Publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology
V Morabito, P Grossi, L Lombardini, A Ricci, S Trapani, D Peritore, A Gaeta, D Ballanti, E Del Sordo, L Rizzato, A Nanni Costa
INTRODUCTION: According to current estimates, there are about 540,000 patients who are infected with HIV in Western Europe, of which about 3100 are potential candidates for organ transplantation. In Italy, there are currently 85 HIV patients on the transplant list. METHODS: Organ transplantation activity in HIV recipients from 2002 to December 2014 was assessed from the database provided by the Transplant Center of Modena until the year 2011. For the years 2012 to 2014, data are from the Transplant Information System (SIT)...
March 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Eduardo Esteban-Zubero, Francisco Agustín García-Gil, Laura López-Pingarrón, Moisés Alejandro Alatorre-Jiménez, Pablo Iñigo-Gil, Dun-Xian Tan, José Joaquín García, Russel J Reiter
Organ transplantation is a useful therapeutic tool for patients with end-stage organ failure; however, graft rejection is a major obstacle in terms of a successful treatment. Rejection is usually a consequence of a complex immunological and nonimmunological antigen-independent cascade of events, including free radical-mediated ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). To reduce the frequency of this outcome, continuing improvements in the efficacy of antirejection drugs are a top priority to enhance the long-term survival of transplant recipients...
June 2016: Journal of Endocrinology
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