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Cardiac perforation

Debabrata Dash
Despite the continuing developments of improved medical devices and increasing operator expertize, coronary chronic total occlusion (CTO) remains as one of the most challenging lesion subsets in interventional cardiology. Percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of CTO is a complex procedure carrying the risk of complications that are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality. The complications can be classified as coronary (such as coronary occlusion, perforation, device embolization, or entrapment); cardiac non-coronary (such as periprocedural myocardial infarction); extra cardiac (such as vascular access complications, systemic embolization, contrast-induced nephropathy, and radiation-induced injury)...
September 2016: Indian Heart Journal
Arathi Kizhedath, Simon Wilkinson, Jarka Glassey
Biopharmaceuticals, monoclonal antibody (mAb)-based therapeutics in particular, have positively impacted millions of lives. MAbs and related therapeutics are highly desirable from a biopharmaceutical perspective as they are highly target specific and well tolerated within the human system. Nevertheless, several mAbs have been discontinued or withdrawn based either on their inability to demonstrate efficacy and/or due to adverse effects. Approved monoclonal antibodies and derived therapeutics have been associated with adverse effects such as immunogenicity, cytokine release syndrome, progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy, intravascular haemolysis, cardiac arrhythmias, abnormal liver function, gastrointestinal perforation, bronchospasm, intraocular inflammation, urticaria, nephritis, neuropathy, birth defects, fever and cough to name a few...
October 20, 2016: Archives of Toxicology
Raúl Alberto Borracci, Natalia Ayala, Paola Renes, Norberto Gustavo Allende
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery perforation associated to cardiac tamponade is an uncommon life-threatening complication of percutaneous coronary intervention, and the occurrence of subepicardial or intramyocardial hematoma without hemopericardium is even rarer. CLINICAL CASE: We describe the case of a 72 year-old woman with a subepicardial hematoma after percutaneous coronary intervention, who required urgent left internal mammary artery graft to anterior descending artery surgery...
October 14, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
Hiroshi Sato, Syuichi Naraoka
We experienced a rare case of post-infarct left ventricular aneurysm (LVA) and ventricular septal perforation (VSP). An 83-year-old woman was treated for acute cardiac insufficiency. Three weeks later after hospitalization, she had sudden cardiorespiratory failure and was diagnosed with VSP and LVA. She underwent emergency heart surgery. After establishing extracorporeal circulation, the LVA was excised longitudinally from the left side of the left anterior descending branch. Endoventricular patch plasty (Dor procedure) was performed to exclude the ventricular aneurysm, and the VSP was closed using Dacron patch...
October 2016: Kyobu Geka. the Japanese Journal of Thoracic Surgery
Xuan Zhang, Hailong An, Junwei Li, Yuanyuan Zhang, Yang Liu, Zhanfeng Jia, Wei Zhang, Li Chu, Hailin Zhang
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Kv7 (Kv7.1-7.5) channels play an important role in the regulation of neuronal excitability and the cardiac action potential. Growing evidence suggests a crucial role for Kv7.4/Kv7.5 channels in regulating vascular smooth muscle contractility. Most of the reported Kv7 openers shown poor selectivity across these five subtypes. In this study, fasudil-a drug for cerebral vasospasm-has been found to be a selective opener of Kv7.4/Kv7.5 channels. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: A perforated whole-cell patch technique was used to record the currents and membrane potential...
September 28, 2016: British Journal of Pharmacology
Chris W Piercecchi, Julio C Vasquez, Stephen J Kaplan, Jordan Hoffman, John D Puskas, Jacob DeLaRosa
We present a rare late complication after inferior vena cava filter (IVC) placement. A 52-year-old woman with an IVC presented with sudden onset of chest pain. Cardiac catheterisation and echocardiography revealed an embolised IVC filter strut penetrating the right ventricle. Endovascular retrieval was considered but deemed unsafe due to proximity to the right coronary artery and concern for migration to pulmonary circulation. Urgent removal of the strut was performed via sternotomy. The postoperative course was uneventful...
September 5, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
T Taki, Y Hoya, A Watanabe, T Nakayoshi, T Okamoto, H Sekine, N Mitsumori, K Yanaga
Introduction Radiotherapy is not commonly used for the treatment of gastric cancer in Japan, where surgery is the standard local treatment. We report the results of chemoradiotherapy in patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer which was deemed difficult to treat surgically. Methods Twenty-one patients with gastric cancer (including sixteen with advanced/recurrent gastric cancer and five with poor general condition) underwent chemo-radiotherapy, for whom the therapeutic efficacy, toxicity and survival period were analysed...
September 23, 2016: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
P Cuny, M Houot, S Ginisty, S Horowicz, F Plassart, H Mentec, P Eftekhari
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this paper is to underline the need for systematic monitoring of patients treated with anticholinergic antipsychotic drugs. We present the clinical history of a 34-year-old adult, treated with quetiapine in combination with other drugs with anticholinergic effects. CASE REPORT: A 34-year-old male adult had been suffering from bipolar disorder since 2001. He was treated with risperidone, but he was not compliant due to adverse effects, including decreased libido and erectile dysfunction...
September 13, 2016: L'Encéphale
Thomas M Kelley, Mohammed Kashem, He Wang, James McCarthy, Nels D Carroll, G William Moser, T Sloane Guy
BACKGROUND: This study reported on the treatment of Carpentier type IIIa and type IIIb mitral regurgitation (MR) with a large patch anterior mitral valve leaflet augmentation technique using CorMatrix (CorMatrix Cardiovascular Inc, Alpharetta, GA) extracellular matrix (ECM). METHODS: A single-site chart review was conducted on patients who underwent anterior leaflet augmentation performed with the Da Vinci surgical robot (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) or through a median sternotomy...
September 9, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Fernanda Auciello Salvagni, Adriana de Siqueira, Andre Rinaldi Fukushima, Marina Frota de Albuquerque Landi, Heidi Ponge-Ferreira, Paulo Cesar Maiorka
Animal cruelty is a known behavior of psychopaths, and although the serial killing of humans is widely acknowledged worldwide, this type of crime against animals is seldom discussed. This report describes the necropsy and toxicological findings of 37 dogs and cats, which were found dead in plastic bags in Sao Paulo, Brazil. The animals had all been in the care of an alleged animal rescuer and were to be referred for adoption before being found dead. In the necropsy, the animals showed varying degrees of putrefaction, indicating different periods of death, as well as single or multiple perforations on the thorax...
October 2016: Forensic Science International
Kurt D Piggott, Grace George, Harun Fakioglu, Carlos Blanco, Sukumar Saguna Narasimhulu, Kamal Pourmoghadam, Hamish Munroe, William Decampli
AIM: To investigate and describe our current institutional management protocol for single-ventricle patients who must undergo a Ladd's procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the charts of all patients from January 2005 to March 2014 who were diagnosed with heterotaxy syndrome and an associated intestinal rotation anomaly who carried a cardiac diagnosis of functional single ventricle and were status post stage I palliation. A total of 8 patients with a history of stage I single-ventricle palliation underwent Ladd's procedure during this time period...
August 8, 2016: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
Yu Hasegawa, Ken Uekawa, Takayuki Kawano, Hidenori Suzuki, Shokei Kim-Mitsuyama
BACKGROUND: Although sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) receptor activation by FTY720 (fingolimod) has been suggested to improve the prognosis of experimental stroke, the effect of the drug in early brain injury (EBI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and the precise mechanism of the effect are undetermined. In this study, we investigated the protective effect of systemic administration of FTY720 in EBI after SAH and assessed the mechanism using intracerebroventricular infusion of VPC23019 which is the S1P receptor antagonist...
September 6, 2016: Current Drug Delivery
Sankalp Dwivedi, Fayez Siddiqui, Milan Patel, Shaun Cardozo
Central venous catheter (CVC) insertion rarely causes cardiac tamponade due to perforation. Although it is a rare complication, it can be lethal if not identified early. We report a case of cardiac tamponade caused by internal jugular (IJ) central venous catheter (CVC) insertion using a soft J-tipped guide wire which is considered safe and rarely implicated with cardiac tamponade. A bedside transthoracic echocardiogram (TTE) revealed a pericardial effusion with tamponade. An emergent bedside pericardiocentesis was done revealing bloody fluid and resulted in clinical stabilization...
2016: Case Reports in Critical Care
R Joustra, P Kievit, M Verkroost, H Gehlmann, M-J de Boer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Netherlands Heart Journal
Sheng-Xia Wan, Bin Shi, Xiao-Li Lou, Jing-Quan Liu, Guo-Guang Ma, Dong-Yu Liang, Shuang Ma
BACKGROUND: Ghrelin is a hormone that protects against hypoxic injury of cardiac cells by inducing autophagy, but the role of autophagy in sepsis remains unclear. This study aimed to evaluate whether ghrelin could enhance autophagy in rats with intestinal sepsis. METHODS: The cecal ligation and perforation (CLP) method was used to induce sepsis in Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were assigned to four groups: normal group, sham-operated group, sepsis group, and Ghrelin-treated group...
August 26, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Yan Wang, Guangzhi Chen, Yang Bai, Sheng Li, Andrea Natale, Jianzeng Dong, Hong Wang, Caihua Sang, Ronghui Yu, Deyong Long, Ribo Tang, Xingpeng Liu, Xiaopeng Zhao, Yuanwen Jiang, Changsheng Ma, Dao Wen Wang
The current used parameters for transseptal puncture (TSP) under fluoroscopic guidance is from left atriography and need to be verified by precise anatomic measurement. From February 2009 to July 2013, consecutive patients who received computed tomography (CT) were included. Landmarks and parameters were preliminary studied by right atriography, and further evaluated on the CT images of 1001 patients. A method (CTP-2) was proposed for guiding TSP. In right anterior oblique 45° view, the CTP-2 method was defined by points C, T, and P, and 2 areas: point C is in coronary sinus; point T is at a distance of dCT (usually 1...
August 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Branko Furst, Chyong-Jy J Liu, Philip Hansen, Sridhar R Musuku
A 19-year-old man with large malignant pleural and pericardial effusions with tamponade physiology and signs of congestive heart failure presented for emergent subxiphoid pericardial window. Surgical drainage of the pericardium was complicated by a paradoxical cardiovascular collapse that failed to respond to pressors and intravenous fluids. Suspecting a pericardial perforation, a median sternotomy was performed and revealed an intact heart. The arterial pressure was promptly restored after drainage of the pleural effusion...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Nebojša Mujović, Milan Marinković, Nebojša Marković, Aleksandar Kocijančić, Vladan Kovačević, Dragan Simić, Arsen Ristić, Goran Stanković, Biljana Miličić, Svetozar Putnik, Bosiljka Vujisić-Tešić, Tatjana S Potpara
INTRODUCTION: Cardiac tamponade (CT) is a life-threatening complication of radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The course and outcome of CT in low-to-medium volume electrophysiology centers are underreported. METHODS: We analyzed the incidence, management and outcomes of CT in 1500 consecutive RFAs performed in our center during 2011-2016. RESULTS: Of 1500 RFAs performed in 1352 patients (age 55 years, interquartile range: 41-63), 569 were left-sided procedures (n = 406 with transseptal access)...
October 2016: Advances in Therapy
Neeraj Jain, Vijay Ravipati, Edmund K Kerut
Late cardiac perforation by a right ventricular (RV) pacemaker lead may be a challenge to diagnose. Echocardiography often will not adequately demonstrate lead tip migration, but chest computed tomography (CT) readily identifies the lead and tip location. A patient presented one month after dual-chamber pacemaker implantation with fever, sepsis and failure of RV pacer lead capture. Echocardiography demonstrated vegetations on the RV lead and a pericardial effusion, but the lead tip location could not be identified...
September 2016: Echocardiography
Tetsuro Shimura, Masanori Yamamoto, Etsuo Tsuchikane, Tomohiko Teramoto, Masashi Kimura, Hirotomo Satou, Hitoshi Matsuo, Yoshiaki Kawase, Yoriyasu Suzuki, Seiji Kano, Maoto Habara, Kenya Nasu, Yoshihisa Kinoshita, Mitsuyasu Terashima, Tetsuo Matsubara, Takahiko Suzuki
The data regarding the risk and benefits associated with live demonstrations at interventional cardiology congresses are scarce and controversial. We aimed to assess the clinical safety of chronic total occlusion percutaneous coronary intervention (CTO-PCI) procedures during live demonstrations. From January 2008 to December 2013, 739 consecutive patients underwent CTO-PCI at our center, and 199 patients were scheduled to undergo live CTO-PCI demonstrations at cardiology congresses that were globally transmitted to international meetings...
October 1, 2016: American Journal of Cardiology
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