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Cynthia taub

Pedro A Villablanca, Verghese Mathew, Vinod H Thourani, Josep Rodés-Cabau, Sripal Bangalore, Mohammed Makkiya, Peter Vlismas, David F Briceno, David P Slovut, Cynthia C Taub, Patrick M McCarthy, John G Augoustides, Harish Ramakrishna
BACKGROUND: Transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) has emerged as an alternative to surgical aortic-valve replacement (SAVR) for patients with severe symptomatic aortic stenosis (AS) who are at high operative risk. We sought to determine the long-term (≥1year follow-up) safety and efficacy TAVR compared with SAVR in patients with severe AS. METHODS: A comprehensive search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, conference proceedings, and relevant Web sites from inception through 10 April 2016...
October 6, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Srinidhi J Meera, Tomo Ando, Daniel Pu, Shivaprasad Manjappa, Cynthia C Taub
PURPOSE: The left ventricle (LV) undergoes physiologic remodeling in adaptation to the hemodynamic changes that occur in pregnancy. Speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) is a novel and reliable tool to evaluate subtle myocardial alterations that have been utilized to assess myocardial changes in patients with diabetes mellitus (DM) but not in patients with gestational DM (GDM). We seek to evaluate changes in LV function using STE in patients with GDM compared with women with normal pregnancy...
September 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Kyung Taek Oh, Joseph Derose, Cynthia Taub
Complete dehiscence of a composite aortic valve graft with pseudoaneurysm formation is a rare complication following aortic root replacement. This complication often takes place in the setting of acute graft infection and accompanies symptoms of heart failure, valve insufficiency or sepsis. We present a delayed, asymptomatic presentation of this complication in a young man with distant history of aortic root replacement and medically treated prosthetic valve endocarditis a year postoperatively. He had been non-adherent to warfarin over 10 years, but otherwise maintained a healthy life...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
Tomo Ando, Alexandros Briasoulis, Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub, Hisato Takagi, Luis Afonso
OBJECTIVES: The S3 prosthetic valve was introduced to overcome several issues with its predecessor, the SXT, in transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), however, the clinical outcomes of this new model are not clearly defined. We performed a meta-analysis to compare the outcomes in Sapien 3 (S3) and Sapien XT (SXT) recipients. METHODS: A literature search through PUBMED and EMBASE was conducted. Articles that included at least one of the clinical outcomes of interest were included in the meta-analysis: moderate to severe paravalvular regurgitation (PVR), permanent pacemaker implantation (PPI), major vascular complications (MVC), cerebrovascular events (stroke and transient ischemic attack) (CVE), failure rate of device implantation, life-threatening, disabling or major bleeding, need for post-dilation and early all-cause-mortality...
October 1, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Tomo Ando, Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub, David P Slovut, Joseph J DeRose
BACKGROUND: Ventricular septal defects (VSD) are rarely reported as a complication following transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). We sought to characterise the patients, clinical management, and outcomes regarding this rare phenomenon. METHODS: Relevant articles were identified by a systematic search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases from January, 2002 to September, 2015. RESULTS: A total of 18 case reports, including 20 patients, were identified...
October 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
Jared J Liebelt, Yuanquan Yang, Joseph J DeRose, Cynthia C Taub
Ventricular septal rupture (VSR) is a rare but devastating complication after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). While the incidence has decreased, the mortality rate from VSR has remained extremely high. The use of mechanical circulatory support with intra-aortic balloon pump (IABP) and extracorporal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) may be useful in providing hemodynamic stability and time for myocardial scarring. However, the optimal timing for surgical repair remains an enigma. Retrospective analysis of 14 consecutive patients diagnosed with VSR after AMI at Montefiore Medical Center between January 2009 and June 2015...
2016: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
Tomo Ando, David P Slovut, Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub
OBJECTIVES: Patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) often have spontaneous echocardiographic contrast (SEC) observed in the left atrium (LA). Mid-term prognosis of patients with SEC following TAVR is not well studied. We assessed the impact of SEC on outcomes after TAVR. METHODS: Medical records of 93 consecutive patients who underwent TAVR at a single center were reviewed retrospectively. The primary endpoint was defined as the composite of a cardioembolic event, death from any cause, and admission for decompensated heart failure within 3 months of TAVR...
April 2016: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
Tomo Ando, Anthony A Holmes, David P Slovut, Cynthia C Taub
PURPOSE: Left atrial appendage (LAA) flow velocity has not been extensively studied in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) undergoing transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI). The aim of this study was to assess the impact of TAVI on LAA flow velocity. METHODS: Medical records of consecutive TAVI recipients were reviewed retrospectively. Patients with persistent atrial fibrillation were excluded. LAA velocities were measured before and after TAVI by transesophageal echocardiography...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Ultrasound: JCU
Jose N Galeas, Irving E Perez, Pedro A Villablanca, Harjit Chahal, Robert Jackson, Cynthia C Taub
Infective endocarditis has different presentations depending on the involvement of valvular and perivalvular structures, and it is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Aortocavitary fistula is a rare complication. We introduce the case of a 48-year-old female with native valve endocarditis, complicated by aortocavitary fistula to the right atrium, and consequently presented with syncope.
2015: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
Adi Shemesh, Cynthia C Taub
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub, Mario J Garcia, Jian Shan, David P Slovut
AIMS: Patients with paradoxical low-flow severe aortic stenosis (PLF-AS) reportedly have higher left ventricular hydraulic load and more systolic strain dysfunction than patients with normal-flow aortic stenosis. This study investigates the relationship of systolic loading and strain to PLF-AS to further define its pathophysiology. METHODS: One hundred and twenty patients (age 79 ± 12 years, 37% men) with an indexed aortic valve area (AVAi) of 0.6 cm/m or less and an ejection fraction of 50% or higher were divided into two groups based on indexed stroke volume (SVi): PLF-AS, SVi ≤ 35 ml/m, N = 46; normal-flow aortic stenosis, SVi > 35 ml/m, N = 74)...
November 7, 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Jian Shan, Lili Zhang, Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub
BACKGROUND: This study was performed to assess the impact of race on the incidence of heart failure and survival in patients with preclinical diastolic dysfunction. METHODS: All adults during a 5-year period with grade 1 diastolic dysfunction on echocardiogram, left ventricular ejection fraction ≥ 50%, and no diagnosis of heart failure were included in this study. Clinical endpoints were new diagnosis of heart failure (International Classification of Diseases-Ninth Revision code 428...
February 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub, Mario J Garcia, Jian Shan, David P Slovut
BACKGROUND: Patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) are known to have increased left ventricular apical rotation (ApRot) during systole, but its clinical relevance is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the association of ApRot with patient symptoms and total mortality. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed on 82 patients (mean age, 77 ± 14 years; 40% men) with newly diagnosed severe AS with indexed aortic valve areas ≤ 0.6 cm(2)/m(2) and left ventricular ejection fractions ≥ 50%...
November 2015: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
Tomo Ando, Rupinder Kaur, Anthony A Holmes, Allison Brusati, Kana Fujikura, Cynthia C Taub
BACKGROUND: During a healthy pregnancy women experience cardiovascular and hemodynamic changes and normal ranges of left ventricular (LV) function on two-dimensional speckle tracking echocardiography (STE) are not well defined. The aim of this study was to describe the cardiovascular changes that occur during the second and third trimesters of a healthy pregnancy using STE. METHODS: Pregnant subjects were enrolled retrospectively if they underwent a transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) between 2011-2014...
2015: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
Tomo Ando, Anthony A Holmes, Cynthia C Taub, Joseph J DeRose, David P Slovut
BACKGROUND: In transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) the trans-apical approach (TA) is associated with apical myocardial injury but it is unknown if this injury impacts myocardial function. This study was performed to assess the impact of TA on apical longitudinal strain (ALS) and global longitudinal strain (GLS) after TAVR. METHODS: 44 consecutive patients (age 81 ± 7 years, 48% male) underwent TAVR via trans-femoral (TF) (n=27) or TA (n=17) approach. Speckle-tracking analysis of left ventricular longitudinal strain was performed on images from peri-procedure transesophageal echocardiograms immediately before and after valve implantation...
2015: American Journal of Cardiovascular Disease
Irving E Perez, Mark A Menegus, Cynthia C Taub
Premenopausal women with chest pain syndrome may have nonatherosclerotic coronary arteries with abnormal coronary flow. Estrogens have cardioprotective effect improving coronary vasodilatation. This case report discusses the consequences of leuprolide use by decreasing estrogen levels which led to acute myocardial infarction.
2015: Case Reports in Medicine
Jorge Romero, S Arman Husain, Anthony A Holmes, Iosif Kelesidis, Patricia Chavez, M Khalid Mojadidi, Jeffrey M Levsky, Omar Wever-Pinzon, Cynthia Taub, Harikrishna Makani, Mark I Travin, Ileana L Piña, Mario J Garcia
BACKGROUND: The aim of this meta-analysis was to compare the diagnostic accuracy of cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA), stress echocardiography (SE) and radionuclide single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) for the assessment of chest pain in emergency department (ED) setting. METHODS: A systematic review of Medline, Cochrane and Embase was undertaken for prospective clinical studies assessing the diagnostic efficacy of CCTA, SE or SPECT, as compared to intracoronary angiography (ICA) or the later presence of major adverse clinical outcomes (MACE), in patients presenting to the ED with chest pain...
2015: International Journal of Cardiology
Irving E Perez, Mario J Garcia, Cynthia C Taub
Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown cause that can affect the heart. Cardiac sarcoidosis may be present in as many as 25% of patients with systemic sarcoidosis, and it is frequently underdiagnosed. The early and accurate diagnosis of myocardial involvement is challenging. Advanced imaging techniques play important roles in the diagnosis and management of patients with cardiac sarcoidosis.
2016: Current Cardiology Reviews
Anand Kumthekar, Francesca Cossarini, Julia C Shih, Cynthia C Taub, Daniele Massera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2015: American Journal of Medicine
Khashayar Khosraviani, Ythan Goldberg, Behzad Salari, Nariman Nezami, Chang-Fu Peng, Cynthia C Taub
BACKGROUND: Pericardial effusion (PE) volume is often assessed semiqualitatively by echocardiography and categorized into minimal, small, moderate, or large. Several methods of echocardiographic quantification have been proposed, but their application is limited either by complexity or inaccuracy. We evaluated the accuracy of PE volume quantification by two-dimensional transthoracic echocardiogram (2DTTE) and commercially available volume quantification software in patients undergoing pericardiocentesis...
August 2015: Echocardiography
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