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Susanna Nuvoli, Barbara Palumbo, Simona Malaspina, Giuseppe Madeddu, Angela Spanu
Nuclear medicine procedures are widely used as "in vivo" biomarkers in a large number of brain diseases, especially in the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) and of parkinsonian disorders (pD). Furthermore, nuclear medicine is used in the differential diagnosis of dementias especially Alzheimer's disease (AD) and dementia with Lewy's bodies (LBD) which share many clinical symptoms and often LBD is misdiagnosed as AD. The differential diagnosis between these clinical entities is crucial for treatment since LBD also shares some clinical symptoms with parkinsonian disorders...
March 20, 2018: Hellenic Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Hiroshige Fujishiro, Masato Okuda, Kunihiro Iwamoto, Seiko Miyata, Youta Torii, Shuji Iritani, Norio Ozaki
AIMS: REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and psychiatric symptoms often antedate the clinical diagnosis of Parkinson's disease / dementia with Lewy bodies. The purpose of this study is to investigate RBD and its relevance to Lewy body disease (LBD) in patients with late-onset psychiatric disorders. METHODS: Study subjects included 19 patients with late-onset psychiatric disorders who exhibited REM sleep without atonia (RWA), which is a hallmark of RBD on polysomnography, at our psychiatric ward...
March 14, 2018: Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences
Julian M M Rogasch, Holger Amthauer, Christian Furth, Patrick Hundsdoerfer, Florian Wedel, Imke Schatka
AIM: According to German guidelines, I-123-MIBG scintigraphy in neuroblastoma (NB) is preferably performed as early (about 4 h p.i.) and late (24 h p.i.) planar imaging and single- photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) or SPECT/CT 24 h p.i. This study evaluated if the work-up could be reduced to a single timepoint. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 37 examinations in 26 patients (f:8; m:18; age, 0.5-23.5a) with NB (initial, 15; restaging, 22). All 74 (early + late) pairs of ventral/dorsal planar whole-body images were reviewed by 3 independent readers in random order blinded to clinical data (1, certainly physiological; 2, likely physiological; 3, likely malignant; 4, certainly malignant)...
February 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Christoph Rischpler, Kristina Schwamborn, Markus Schwaiger, Tobias Maurer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2018: Nuklearmedizin. Nuclear Medicine
Dennis César Lévano-Linares, Jaime Ruiz-Tovar, Alejandro García Muñoz-Najar, Verónica Familiar, Manuel Durán Poveda
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 7, 2018: Cirugía Española
Eve Piekarski, Renata Chequer, Vincent Algalarrondo, Ludivine Eliahou, Besma Mahida, Jonathan Vigne, David Adams, Michel S Slama, Dominique Le Guludec, Francois Rouzet
PURPOSE: Cardiac involvement in familial transthyretin (TTR) amyloidosis is of major prognostic value, and the development of early-diagnostic tools that could trigger the use of new disease-modifying treatments is crucial. The aim of our study was to compare the respective contributions of99m Tc-diphosphonate scintigraphy (DPD, detecting amyloid deposits) and123 I-MIBG (MIBG, assessing cardiac sympathetic denervation) in patients with genetically proven TTR mutation referred for the assessment of cardiac involvement...
March 6, 2018: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
J William Langston, Jesse C Wiley, Michele Tagliati
The diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD) currently relies almost exclusively on the clinical judgment of an experienced neurologist, ideally a specialist in movement disorders. However, such clinical diagnosis is often incorrect in a large percentage of patients, particularly in the early stages of the disease. A commercially available, objective and quantitative marker of nigrostriatal neurodegeneration was recently provided by 123-iodine123 I-ioflupane SPECT imaging, which is however unable to differentiate PD from a variety of other parkinsonian syndromes associated with striatal dopamine deficiency...
2018: NPJ Parkinson's Disease
Karoline van de Loo, Stefan Balzer, Colin R MacKenzie, Thomas M Boemers, Monika Ortmann, Jörg Schaper, Arndt Borkhardt, Hans-Jürgen Laws, Michaela Kuhlen
BACKGROUND: Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis) disease is a generally well-known problem among immunocompromised adults and children. In pediatric oncology, only few cases of M. tuberculosis disease are reported so far. CASE PRESENTATION: We report a case of concomitant lymphnode tuberculosis in a 4-year-old German boy with relapsed ganglioneuroblastoma. 18 months after the initial diagnosis, relapse with new paravertebral lesions and new lesions in the left lower lobe of the lung and in the perihilar lymphnodes suspicious of metastases of the ganglioneuroblastoma were detected...
March 5, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
Rudolf A Werner, Ryohei Kobayashi, Mehrbod Som Javadi, Zoe Koeck, Hiroshi Wakabayashi, Stefan Unterecker, Kenichi Nakajima, Constantin Lapa, Andreas Menke, Takahiro Higuchi
Background: 123 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (mIBG) provides independent prognostic value for risk stratification among heart failure patients, but the use of concomitant medication should not impact its quantitative information. We aimed to evaluate the four most-prescribed antidepressants currently used as a first‑line treatment for patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) and their potential on altering mIBG imaging results. Methods: The inhibition effect of four different types of antidepressants (desipramine, escitalopram, venlafaxine and bupropion) for MDD treatment on131 I-mIBG uptake was assessed by in-vitro cell uptake assays using human neuroblastoma SK-N-SH cells...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Saurabh Arora, Nishikant Avinash Damle, Girish Kumar Parida, Abhinav Singhal, Harish Nalli, Shreya Dattagupta, Chandrasekar Bal
The prostate-specific membrane antigen (PSMA) is highly expressed in prostate cancer cells. Few other malignancies have shown expression of PSMA. We present a case of 35-year-old man with medullary thyroid carcinoma, post total thyroidectomy and bilateral neck dissection, now presenting with rising calcitonin levels (doubling time 9 months) and local neck recurrence with negative I-MIBG scan. We decided to perform Ga-PSMA-HBED-CC PET/CT scan to assess PSMA expression and explore the therapeutic option in view of rising serum calcitonin...
February 27, 2018: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Shunsuke Kiuchi, Shinji Hisatake, Takayuki Kabuki, Takahiro Fujii, Takashi Oka, Shintaro Dobashi, Hidenobu Hashimoto, Takanori Ikeda
Ipragliflozin is the first SGLT2 inhibitor approved in Japan. Reported here is a case where long-term administration of ipragliflozin decreased the rate of re-hospitalization due to heart failure (HF). An 83-year-old man with chronic HF and diabetes mellitus (DM) was hospitalized four times in the last five years. He was discharged six months after his last hospitalization, but he continued to have class III HF according to the New York Heart Association classification (NYHA), and his DM was also not properly managed...
February 25, 2018: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
Jing Wu, Jean-Dominique Gallezot, Yihuan Lu, Qing Ye, Hui Liu, Denise A Esserman, Tassos C Kyriakides, Stephanie Thorn, Taraneh Hashemi Zonouz, Yi-Hwa Liu, Rachel Lampert, Albert J Sinusas, Richard E Carson, Chi Liu
Previous studies have demonstrated the feasibility of absolute quantification of dynamic123 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (123 I-mIBG) single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging in human. This work reports on simplified quantification of dynamic123 I-mIBG SPECT using practical protocols with shortened acquisition time and voxel-by-voxel parametric imaging. Methods: Twelve healthy human volunteers underwent five 15-min dynamic SPECT scans at 0, 15, 90, 120 and 180 min after123 I-mIBG injection using a Discovery NM/CT 570c scanner...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Dan Xu, Wenjia Zhu, Li Huo, Shikun Zhu, Fang Li, Han Wang
INTRODUCTION: 123 I-MIBG is the most commonly used radiopharmaceutical to depict cardiac sympathetic innervation. The purpose of this study was to validate the feasibility of131 I-MIBG as an alternative myocardial sympathetic imaging probe in differential diagnosis of Parkinsonism. METHODS: We recruited 17 patients with PD, 21 patients with other parkinsonism (17 with MSA and 4 with PSP), and 6 normal controls. All participants underwent131 I-MIBG scintigraphy for both early and delayed imaging...
February 14, 2018: Parkinsonism & related Disorders
James R Ballinger
Although use of the term "theranostic" is relatively recent, the concept goes back to the earliest days of nuclear medicine, with the use of radioiodine for diagnosis and therapy of benign and malignant thyroid disease being arguably the most successful molecular radiotherapy in history. A diagnostic scan with123 I-,124 I-, or a low activity of131 I-iodide is followed by therapy with high activity131 I-iodide. Similarly, adrenergic tumours such as phaeochromocytoma and neuroblastoma can be imaged with123 I-metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) and treated with131 I-MIBG...
February 23, 2018: British Journal of Radiology
Tomás P Griffin, Delia Bogdanet, Patrick Navin, Grace Callagy, Paula M O'Shea, Marcia Bell
A 51-year-old male presented 25 years ago with excessive sweating and haematuria. Blood pressure was labile. CT abdomen showed a large right-sided adrenal mass. Two 24-h urine collections showed elevated urinary catecholamines. Right adrenal resection was performed; a phaeochromocytoma (PC) was confirmed histologically. Two decades later, the patient represented with excessive sweating and measured variable blood pressure readings. Measurement of plasma metanephrines (PMets) showed elevated normetanephrine (NMN) [50,250 (R...
February 19, 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
J Breza, J Breza
INTRODUCTION: In the MEN 2A syndrome, which is the most common of the three types of MEN, three endocrine systems are affected simultaneously or subsequently by the development of tumours manifested by medullary thyroid gland carcinoma, pheochromocytoma (often bilateral) and hyperparathyroidism. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 27 patients from 3 families affected by MEN 2A syndrome were examined clinically (by detecting the effects of catecholamine overproduction), biochemically (screening for metanephrine and normetanephrine in the serum), visualization (CT, MRI, MIBG, PET CT) and some of them also genetically (DNA fragment analysis obtained by PCR amplification)...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Hirohisa Watanabe, Kazuhiro Hara, Mizuki Ito, Masahisa Katsuno, Gen Sobue
The International Parkinson and Movement Disorder Society offered standard diagnostic criteria for Parkinson's disease (PD) in 2015. These diagnostic criteria provided systematization of the diagnostic process and detailed explanations of parkinsonism, absolute exclusion criteria, red flags, and supportive criteria. The presence of parkinsonism was a core feature of the criteria. Clear instructions for defining the motor features were described. With regard to the novel aspects, non-motor manifestations (hyposmia, autonomic dysfunction, psychiatric dysfunction, and sleep dysfunction) and ancillary diagnostic tests (olfactory test, cardiac MIBG scintigraphy, and presynaptic dopaminergic imaging) were incorporated...
February 2018: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
Dennise Magill, Natalie Beckmann, Marc Felice, Megan Harkins
This study examines upper extremity skin contamination of nuclear medicine and radiation safety staff during 131I-Metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) therapy. Utilizing retrospective data, a methodology for performing a rapid assessment of the radiation dose to the skin of the upper extremities is presented. Using the skin contamination measurements and calculated skin dose for each contamination incident at our facility, a conversion factor (XE) was derived that estimates skin dose (DE) based on the initial contamination measurement...
February 8, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Kenichi Nakajima, Tomoaki Nakata, Takahiro Doi, Toshiaki Kadokami, Shinro Matsuo, Tetsuo Konno, Takahisa Yamada, Arnold F Jacobson
Aims: The aim of this study was to validate a four-parameter risk model including 123I-meta-iodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) imaging, which was previously developed for predicting cardiac mortality, in a new cohort of patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). Methods and results: Clinical and outcome data were retrospectively obtained from 546 patients (age 66 ± 14 years) who had undergone 123I-MIBG imaging with a heart-to-mediastinum ratio (HMR). The mean follow-up time was 30 ± 20 months, and the endpoint was cardiac death...
February 5, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Xinyu Chen, Rudolf A Werner, Constantin Lapa, Naoko Nose, Mitsuru Hirano, Mehrbod S Javadi, Simon Robinson, Takahiro Higuchi
BACKGROUND: 18F-N-[3-bromo-4-(3-fluoro-propoxy)-benzyl]-guanidine (18F-LMI1195) is a new class of PET tracer designed for sympathetic nervous imaging of the heart. The favorable image quality with high and specific neural uptake has been previously demonstrated in animals and humans, but intracellular behavior is not yet fully understood. The aim of the present study is to verify whether it is taken up in storage vesicles and released in company with vesicle turnover. RESULTS: Both vesicle-rich (PC12) and vesicle-poor (SK-N-SH) norepinephrine-expressing cell lines were used for in vitro tracer uptake studies...
February 6, 2018: EJNMMI Research
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