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recurrent cellulitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640123/recurrent-campylobacter-jejuni-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-hypogammaglobulinemia-a-case-report
#1
Youie Kim, Ju Ae Shin, Seung Beom Han, Bin Cho, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang
RATIONALE: Although some cases of recurrent bacteremia due to Campylobacter jejuni have been reported in immunocompromised patients, antibiotic treatment strategies to eradicate C. jejuni and prevent recurrent infections in immunocompromised patients have not been established. Authors' experience of such rare cases should be shared for improving patients' outcomes. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old boy with hypogammaglobulinemia, who received intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy every 3 weeks, was admitted to hospital repeatedly due to recurrent diarrhea and cellulitis of the leg...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631307/interventions-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-erysipelas-and-cellulitis
#2
REVIEW
Adam Dalal, Marina Eskin-Schwartz, Daniel Mimouni, Sujoy Ray, Walford Days, Emmilia Hodak, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: Erysipelas and cellulitis (hereafter referred to as 'cellulitis') are common bacterial skin infections usually affecting the lower extremities. Despite their burden of morbidity, the evidence for different prevention strategies is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and adverse effects of antibiotic prophylaxis or other prophylactic interventions for the prevention of recurrent episodes of cellulitis in adults aged over 16. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to June 2016: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573790/a-comparison-of-programmable-and-non-programmable-compression-devices-for-treatment-of-lymphedema-using-an-administrative-health-outcomes-dataset
#3
P Karaca-Mandic, A T Hirsch, S G Rockson, S H Ridner
BACKGROUND: Patients with lymphedema suffer lifelong swelling and recurrent cellulitis despite use of complete decongestive therapy. Pneumatic compression devices (PCDs), including non-programmable and programmable devices that meet individual patient needs, support long term self-care in the home. Yet, to date, no direct comparison of their relative benefits has been available. OBJECTIVE: Patients who acquired either a non-programmable device (NP-PCD) or a dynamic pressure programmable device (P-PCD; Flexitouch(®) ) were evaluated to compare associated clinical and health utilization outcomes pre/post-device acquisition...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535235/effect-of-cephalexin-plus-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-vs-cephalexin-alone-on-clinical-cure-of-uncomplicated-cellulitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#4
Gregory J Moran, Anusha Krishnadasan, William R Mower, Fredrick M Abrahamian, Frank LoVecchio, Mark T Steele, Richard E Rothman, David J Karras, Rebecca Hoagland, Stephanie Pettibone, David A Talan
Importance: Emergency department visits for skin infections in the United States have increased with the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For cellulitis without purulent drainage, β-hemolytic streptococci are presumed to be the predominant pathogens. It is unknown if antimicrobial regimens possessing in vitro MRSA activity provide improved outcomes compared with treatments lacking MRSA activity. Objective: To determine whether cephalexin plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole yields a higher clinical cure rate of uncomplicated cellulitis than cephalexin alone...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473362/helcococcus-kunzii-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-secondary-to-lower-extremity-cellulitis
#5
Saira Farid, William Miranda, Joseph Maleszewski, Muhammad Rizwan Sohail
An 88-year-old man with history of bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement was hospitalised with fever, chills, malaise and right lower extremity cellulitis. Laboratory investigations revealed leucocytosis and blood cultures grew Helcococcus kunzii Although transoesophageal echocardiography was negative for endocarditis, the patient was treated with 4 week of intravenous ceftriaxone. However, he was readmitted 6 weeks later with symptoms of fever, chills and hypoxia in setting of recurrent H. kunzii bacteraemia...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390618/management-of-orbital-cellulitis-and-subperiosteal-orbital-abscess-in-pediatric-patients-a-ten-year-review
#6
Vittorio Sciarretta, Marco Demattè, Paolo Farneti, Martina Fornaciari, Ilaria Corsini, Ottavio Piccin, Domenico Saggese, Ignacio Javier Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric periorbital cellulitis represents a common disease complicating a nasal infection. METHODS: A ten-year retrospective review of fifty-seven children admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of periorbital cellulitis as a complication of sinus infections was carried out. RESULTS: The age varied from one month to eleven years (mean 3.9 years). Thirty-five were males (62%), while twenty-two were females (38%). Nine out of fifty-seven (15...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369021/intravenous-steroids-with-antibiotics-on-admission-for-children-with-orbital-cellulitis
#7
Lena Chen, Nora Silverman, Andrew Wu, Roman Shinder
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of children with orbital cellulitis treated with intravenous (IV) dexamethasone and antibiotics on admission to patients treated with antibiotics alone. METHODS: Prospective comparative interventional study. Forty-three children admitted to a tertiary institution with orbital cellulitis were enrolled. On admission, all patients were started on broad spectrum IV antibiotics and parents were offered IV dexamethasone (0.3 mg/kg/d every 6 hours for 3 days)...
March 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290630/common-superficial-bursitis
#8
Morteza Khodaee
Superficial bursitis most often occurs in the olecranon and prepatellar bursae. Less common locations are the superficial infrapatellar and subcutaneous (superficial) calcaneal bursae. Chronic microtrauma (e.g., kneeling on the prepatellar bursa) is the most common cause of superficial bursitis. Other causes include acute trauma/hemorrhage, inflammatory disorders such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis, and infection (septic bursitis). Diagnosis is usually based on clinical presentation, with a particular focus on signs of septic bursitis...
February 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272855/a-fifteen-year-experience-of-total-thyroidectomy-for-the-management-of-simple-multinodular-goitres-in-a-low-medium-income-country
#9
A O Afolabi, O O Ayandipo, O O Afuwape, O A Ogundoyin
INTRODUCTION: Total thyroidectomy as a treatment for simple multinodular goitre is not well recognised in most centres in low middle income countries. METHOD: This paper is a retrospective review of outcomes of total thyroidectomy for simple multinodular goitres in the last fifteen years in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. RESULTS: A total of 652 thyroidectomies were done from January 2001 to December 2015. Simple multinodular goitres were indication for a total thyroidectomy in 447 patients (68...
November 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194322/sural-artery-perforator-flap-with-posterior-tibial-neurovascular-decompression-for-recurrent-foot-ulcer-in-leprosy-patients
#10
Hossam El-Din Ali Ismail, Mohamed Hassan El Fahar
Introduction: The sensory loss and alteration of the shape of the foot make the foot liable to trauma and pressure, and subsequently cause more callus formation, blisters, and ulcers. Foot ulcers usually are liable to secondary infection as cellulitis or osteomyelitis, and may result in amputations. Foot ulcers are a major problem and a major cause of handicaps in leprosy patients. The current study is to present our clinical experience and evaluate the use of sural flap with posterior tibial neurovascular decompression (PTND) in recurrent foot ulcers in leprosy patients...
2017: GMS Interdisciplinary Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery DGPW
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182109/acute-truncal-lymphedema-secondary-to-axillary-metastatic-melanoma-presenting-like-cellulitis
#11
Shelley J E Hwang, Benjamin Y Kong, Shaun Chou, Deepal Wakade, Matteo S Carlino, Pablo Fernandez-Penas
There are reported cases of diphencyprone used in treating cutaneous metastases of melanoma. Here, we report a patient with previous primary melanoma on his left back treated with surgical excision and lymphadenectomy, followed by radiotherapy for the recurrent tumor on the primary site. Despite radiotherapy and treatment with dabrafenib and trametinib, in-transit metastases have developed and topical diphencyprone was applied to these metastases. Six weeks later, the patient developed fever and a spreading erythematous tender indurated plaque covering the left side of the body including axillae, back, and flank, clinically suggestive of cellulitis...
2017: Case Reports in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28181687/acupuncture-for-acute-hordeolum
#12
REVIEW
Ke Cheng, Andrew Law, Menghu Guo, L Susan Wieland, Xueyong Shen, Lixing Lao
BACKGROUND: Hordeolum is an acute, purulent inflammation of the eyelid margin usually caused by obstructed orifices of the sebaceous glands of the eyelid. The condition, which affects sebaceous glands internally or externally, is common. When the meibomian gland in the tarsal plate is affected, internal hordeolum occurs, while when the glands of Zeis or Moll associated with eyelash follicles are affected, external hordeolum, or stye occurs. The onset of hordeolum is usually self limited, and may resolve in about a week with spontaneous drainage of the abscess...
February 9, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173879/helicobacter-cinaedi-bacteremia-with-cellulitis-in-a-living-donor-kidney-transplant-recipient-identified-by-matrix-assisted-laser-desorption-ionization-time-of-flight-mass-spectrometry-a-case-report
#13
Ai Katsuma, Izumi Yamamoto, Yukiko Tsuchiya, Mayuko Kawabe, Takafumi Yamakawa, Haruki Katsumata, Aki Mafune, Yasuyuki Nakada, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Kentaro Koike, Akihiro Shimizu, Yudo Tanno, Ichiro Ohkido, Nobuo Tsuboi, Seiji Hori, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Takashi Yokoo
BACKGROUND: Helicobacter cinaedi causes bacteremia and cellulitis, mainly in immunocompromised patients. We report a rare case of H. cinaedi bacteremia with cellulitis in a living-donor kidney transplant recipient identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). A 54-year-old Asian man with IgA nephropathy underwent living-donor kidney transplantation 14 years previously. He was admitted to our hospital for evaluation of fever and multifocal cellulitis...
February 7, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162827/infectious-diseases-specialist-management-improves-outcomes-for-outpatients-diagnosed-with-cellulitis-in-the-emergency-department-a-double-cohort-study
#14
Shilpa R Jain, Seyed M Hosseini-Moghaddam, Philip Dwek, Kaveri Gupta, Sameer Elsayed, Guy W Thompson, Robert Dagnone, Kelly Hutt, Michael Silverman
Three hospital emergency rooms (ERs) routinely referred all cases of cellulitis requiring outpatient intravenous antibiotics, to a central ER-staffed cellulitis clinic. We performed a retrospective cohort study of all patients seen by the ER clinic in the last 4months preceding a policy change (ER management cohort [ERMC]) (n=149) and all those seen in the first 3months of a new policy of automatic referral to an infectious disease (ID) specialist-supervised cellulitis clinic (ID management cohort [IDMC]) (n=136)...
April 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135124/comparisons-between-cancer-related-and-noncancer-related-lymphedema-an-overview-of-new-patients-referred-to-a-specialized-hospital-based-center-in-canada
#15
Shirin M Shallwani, Pamela Hodgson, Anna Towers
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema is an irreversible inflammatory condition caused by accumulated lymph fluid and is associated with chronic swelling and increased risk of cellulitis. Our objectives were to: (1) describe the patient population referred to a Canadian lymphedema center and (2) compare lymphedema characteristics between patients with cancer and patients with noncancer diagnoses. METHODS AND RESULTS: A retrospective cohort study was conducted of new patients referred for suspected lymphedema to a hospital-based center over a 2-year period...
March 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070490/a-non-travel-related-rash-in-a-traveler
#16
Keith A Sacco, Jed C Cowdell, M Caroline Burton
A 45-year-old man was admitted for investigation of a symmetric lower limb rash associated with recurrent fever for two weeks following a hiking trip in Italy and Greece. He was treated for sepsis secondary to lower limb cellulitis with no clinical improvement and subsequently diagnosed with Streptococcus gallolyticus endocarditis mediating an infectious vasculitis.
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884474/ckd-and-risk-for-hospitalization-with-infection-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#17
Junichi Ishigami, Morgan E Grams, Alexander R Chang, Juan J Carrero, Josef Coresh, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND: Individuals on dialysis therapy have a high risk for infection, but risk for infection in earlier stages of chronic kidney disease has not been comprehensively described. STUDY DESIGN: Observational cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 9,697 participants (aged 53-75 years) in the Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities (ARIC) Study. Participants were followed up from 1996 to 1998 through 2011. PREDICTORS: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (ACR)...
June 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879620/recurrent-orbital-inflammation-mimicking-orbital-cellulitis-associated-with-orbitopalpebral-venous-lymphatic-malformation
#18
Alicia Galindo-Ferreiro, Hind M Alkatan, Sahar M ElKhamary, Saif AlDosairi, A Augusto V Cruz
An 8-year-old boy initially presented with an orbitopalpebral mass diagnosed clinically and radiologically as a low-flow diffuse venous lymphatic malformation involving the left upper eyelid and orbit. Over 8 months of follow up, he had 2 acute episodes of severe orbital inflammation that warranted hospitalization and treatment with intravenous antibiotic, steroids and surgical debulking. After a third surgical excision, the lesion remained clinically stable.
November 22, 2016: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870714/robotic-assisted-video-endoscopic-inguinal-lymphadenectomy-in-carcinoma-vulva-our-experiences-and-intermediate-results
#19
Vandana Jain, Rupinder Sekhon, Shveta Giri, Nahida Hassan, Kanika Batra, Swati H Shah, Sudhir Rawal
OBJECTIVES: To describe the technique of robotic-assisted video endoscopic inguinal lymphadenectomy (R-VEIL) in patients with carcinoma vulva and discuss the advantages of the technique and oncological outcome. METHODS: Twelve patients of squamous cell cancer of vulva underwent 22 R-VEIL procedures from February 2011 to February 2015. Their preoperative, intraoperative, and postoperative data were retrospectively analysed. RESULTS: The mean age of patients was 61 years (range, 32-78 years)...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784526/abdominal-elephantiasis-nostras-verrucosa-an-underrecognized-disorder
#20
Derek Ho, Eve J Lowenstein
Case 1 A 60-year-old African American man presented with a medical history of morbid obesity (weighing more than 550 lb), benign prostatic hyperplasia, hyperlipidemia, gynecomastia, atrial fibrillation, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, psoriasis, sleep apnea, and cardiomegaly. His size has limited his ability to clean himself properly. He experiences chronic and recurrent skin irritation and cellulitis possibly secondary to intertriginous superinfection, lymphedema, and venous stasis. On examination, his abdomen showed heavy skinfolding with hyperpigmentation, cobblestone and velvety changes, thickening and fibrotic induration of the skin, focal areas of redness, and tenderness on palpation (Figure 1A and 1B)...
2016: Skinmed
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