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recurrent cellulitis

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868003/wells-syndrome-successfully-treated-with-colchicine
#1
Álvaro Iglesias Puzas, Laura Mesa Álvarez, Ángeles Flórez Menéndez, Susana Romero Yuste, Olga Prieto Gómez
Eosinophilic cellulitis is an uncommon, inflammatory and chronic disorder of unknown etiology. Corticosteroids are currently considered as the first-line treatment but they are not without significant disadvantages such as contraindications in steroid-resistant cases and patients with frequent recurrences. We report a patient suffering from Wells' syndrome with a 24-year history of symptomatic and generalized skin lesions. After consultation in our department, treatment with colchicine 1 mg/day was prescribed resulting in large clinical improvement...
May 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835886/early-experience-of-transilluminated-cryosurgery-for-varicose-vein-with-saphenofemoral-reflux-review-of-84-patients-131-limbs
#2
Kwang Yong Kim, Ji Won Kim
PURPOSE: Varicose veins with great saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency is prevalent. Among various surgical treatments for varicose veins, cryosurgery of GSV is an alternative minimally invasive technique that could leave fewer scars and replace conventional stripping with ambulatory phlebectomy. This study sought to assess outcomes including efficacy and safety of cryosurgery for varicose veins. METHODS: One hundred thirty-one limbs in 84 patients (37 male, 47 female; mean age, 53...
August 2017: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819532/a-case-of-enterobiasis-presenting-as-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-ptsd-a-curious-case-of-the-infection-with-predominant-mental-health-symptoms-presenting-for-the-first-time-in-the-settings-of-a-refugee-camp
#3
Georgios Karamitros, Nikolaos Kitsos, Fotios Athanasopoulos
Enterobiasis (oxyuriasis) is a common infection in human caused by Enterobius vermicularis (E. vermicularis), a human intestinal helminth. Because of the easy way of its transmission among people, it has an extremely high prevalence in overcrowded conditions, such as nurseries and primary schools. Oxyuriasis's symptoms are extremely diverse in children, ranging from nausea, diarrhea, insomnia, irritability, recurrent cellulitis, loss of appetite, nightmares and endometritis. Here we report a curious case of oxyuriasis in the settings of a refugee camp in Greece...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811115/recurrence-of-cutaneous-coccidioidomycosis-6-years-after-valley-fever-a-case-presentation-and-literature-review
#4
Rana Shahab, Nasir K Amra, Rola Rabah, Justin Saunar, Joan Soriano, Jaffar A Al-Tawfiq
Coccidioidomycosis is usually acquired by inhalation of spores of Coccidioides immitis and C. posadasii. The disease ranges from a self-limited acute pneumonia (Valley Fever) to a disseminated disease. We present a 44-year-old healthy male who had patchy hair loss of several months duration resembling discoid lupus. He developed a firm non-scaly red plaque on the right forehead. Initial biopsy showed spongiotic dermatitis, and he was treated with systemic steroids. He then developed forehead and periorbital cellulitis and was treated with systemic antibiotics...
July 8, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782106/sirolimus-as-treatment-for-19-patients-with-refractory-cervicofacial-lymphatic-malformation
#5
Julie E Strychowsky, Reza Rahbar, Meghan J O'Hare, Alexandria L Irace, Horacio Padua, Cameron C Trenor
OBJECTIVE: Lymphatic malformations (LMs) are challenging to manage, particularly those involving the cervicofacial region and airway. Traditional therapy is sclerotherapy and/or resection. We aim to establish the emerging therapeutic role of sirolimus. STUDY DESIGN: Institutional review board-approved retrospective review. METHODS: All patients treated for cervicofacial LM with sirolimus at Boston Children's Hospital, Massachusetts, from November 2012 to October 2016 were included...
August 7, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768452/aetiology-and-clinical-features-of-facial-cellulitis-a-prospective-study
#6
Eivind Rath, Steinar Skrede, Haima Mylvaganam, Trond Bruun
BACKGROUND: In the early 20th century, the face was the predominant site of cellulitis. Despite a relative decrease in the incidence of facial cellulitis, it is still common. There are few studies on this condition during the last decades. The aim of this study was to describe contemporary aetiological and clinical characteristics of patients admitted to hospital with non-suppurative facial cellulitis. METHODS: Patients were included prospectively. Clinical details, comorbidities and biochemistry results were recorded...
August 2, 2017: Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766219/a-10-year-experience-with-mastectomy-and-tissue-expander-placement-to-facilitate-subsequent-radiation-and-reconstruction
#7
Zeina Ayoub, Eric A Strom, Valentina Ovalle, George H Perkins, Wendy A Woodward, Welela Tereffe, Benjamin D Smith, Simona F Shaitelman, Michael C Stauder, Karen E Hoffman, Sarah M DeSnyder, Patrick B Garvey, Mark W Clemens, Carlos H Barcenas, Henry M Kuerer, Steven Kronowitz
BACKGROUND: An integrated approach to skin sparing mastectomy with tissue expander placement followed by radiotherapy and delayed reconstruction was initiated in our institution in 2002. The purpose of this study was to assess the surgical outcomes of this strategy. METHODS: Between September 2002 and August 2013, a total of 384 reconstructions had a tissue expander placed at the time of mastectomy and subsequently underwent radiotherapy. Rates and causes of tissue expander explantation before, during, and after radiotherapy, as well as tumor specific outcomes and reconstruction approaches, were collected...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754535/stapled-transabdominal-ostomy-reinforcement-with-retromuscular-mesh-storrm-technical-details-and-early-outcomes-of-a-novel-approach-for-retromuscular-repair-of-parastomal-hernias
#8
Arnab Majumder, Sean B Orenstein, Heidi J Miller, Yuri W Novitsky
BACKGROUND: Parastomal hernia repair (PHR) remains a challenge with no optimal repair technique. During retromuscular hernia repair, traversing the stomal conduit through the abdominal wall can result in angulation and compression. Widening of traditional cruciate incisions in mesh and/or fascia likely contributes to recurrences. To address these pitfalls, the Stapled Transabdominal Ostomy Reinforcement with Retromuscular Mesh (STORRM) technique utilizing a circular stapler was developed...
July 21, 2017: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749716/predilection-to-dermato-lymphangio-adenitis-in-obstructive-lymphedema-of-lower-limbs-depending-on-genetic-polymorphisms-at-tnf%C3%AE-308g-a-ccr2-190g-a-cd14-159c-t-tlr2-2029c-t-tlr4-1063a-g-tlr4-1363c-t-tgf%C3%AE-74g-c-and-tgf%C3%AE-29t-c
#9
Waldemar L Olszewski, Malgorzata Zagozda, Marzanna T Zaleska, Marek Durlik
BACKGROUND: Infection is the most common type of complication observed in lymphedema and is promoted by lymphatic system dysfunction, which causes locoregional immune disorders. Infectious complications are primarily bacterial and most commonly cellulitis (dermato-lymphangio-adenitis, DLA) caused by patients' own skin Staphylococci epidermidis and aureus. The clinical course and outcomes in the immune response to infection have been shown to be associated with genetic polymorphisms. AIM: To investigate polymorphism of TNFα-308G>A, CCR2-190G>A, CD14-159C>T, TLR2 2029C>T, TLR4 1063A>G, TLR4 1363C>T, TGFβ 74G>C, and TGFβ 29T>C...
July 27, 2017: Lymphatic Research and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711129/care-of-infectious-conditions-in-an-observation-unit
#10
REVIEW
Pawan Suri, Taruna K Aurora
Infectious conditions such as skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs), Urogenital infections and peritonsillar abscesses frequently require care beyond emergency stabilization and are well-suited for short term care in an observation unit. SSTIs are a growing problem, partly due to emergence of strains of methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA). Antibiotic choice is guided by the presence of purulence and site of infection. Purulent cellulitis is much more likely to be associated with MRSA. Radiographic imaging should be considered to aid in management in patients who are immunosuppressed, have persistent symptoms despite antibiotic therapy, recurrent infections, sepsis or diabetes...
August 2017: Emergency Medicine Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697851/incidence-and-effects-of-seasonality-on-nonpurulent-lower-extremity-cellulitis-after-the-emergence-of-community-acquired-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus
#11
Jasmine R Marcelin, Douglas W Challener, Eugene M Tan, Brian D Lahr, Larry M Baddour
Nonpurulent lower extremity cellulitis (NLEC) is a common clinical diagnosis, with β-hemolytic streptococci and Staphylococcus aureus considered to be the most frequent causes. In 1999, the US Public Health Service alerted clinicians to the presence of community-acquired methicillin-resistant S aureus (CA-MRSA) infections in 4 children in the upper Midwest. Since then, it has become a well-recognized cause of skin and soft-tissue infections, in particular, skin abscess. A previous population-based study of NLEC in Olmsted County, Minnesota, reported an unadjusted incidence rate of 199 per 100,000 person-years in 1999, but it is unknown whether CA-MRSA subsequently has affected NLEC incidence...
August 2017: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640123/recurrent-campylobacter-jejuni-bacteremia-in-a-patient-with-hypogammaglobulinemia-a-case-report
#12
Youie Kim, Ju Ae Shin, Seung Beom Han, Bin Cho, Dae Chul Jeong, Jin Han Kang
RATIONALE: Although some cases of recurrent bacteremia due to Campylobacter jejuni have been reported in immunocompromised patients, antibiotic treatment strategies to eradicate C. jejuni and prevent recurrent infections in immunocompromised patients have not been established. Authors' experience of such rare cases should be shared for improving patients' outcomes. PATIENT CONCERNS: An 18-year-old boy with hypogammaglobulinemia, who received intravenous immunoglobulin replacement therapy every 3 weeks, was admitted to hospital repeatedly due to recurrent diarrhea and cellulitis of the leg...
June 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631307/interventions-for-the-prevention-of-recurrent-erysipelas-and-cellulitis
#13
REVIEW
Adam Dalal, Marina Eskin-Schwartz, Daniel Mimouni, Sujoy Ray, Walford Days, Emmilia Hodak, Leonard Leibovici, Mical Paul
BACKGROUND: Erysipelas and cellulitis (hereafter referred to as 'cellulitis') are common bacterial skin infections usually affecting the lower extremities. Despite their burden of morbidity, the evidence for different prevention strategies is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To assess the beneficial and adverse effects of antibiotic prophylaxis or other prophylactic interventions for the prevention of recurrent episodes of cellulitis in adults aged over 16. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the following databases up to June 2016: the Cochrane Skin Group Specialised Register, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, and LILACS...
June 20, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573790/a-comparison-of-programmable-and-non-programmable-compression-devices-for-treatment-of-lymphedema-using-an-administrative-health-outcomes-dataset
#14
P Karaca-Mandic, A T Hirsch, S G Rockson, S H Ridner
BACKGROUND: Patients with lymphedema suffer lifelong swelling and recurrent cellulitis despite use of complete decongestive therapy. Pneumatic compression devices (PCDs), including non-programmable and programmable devices that meet individual patient needs, support long term self-care in the home. Yet, to date, no direct comparison of their relative benefits has been available. OBJECTIVE: Patients who acquired either a non-programmable device (NP-PCD) or a dynamic pressure programmable device (P-PCD; Flexitouch(®) ) were evaluated to compare associated clinical and health utilization outcomes pre/post-device acquisition...
June 2, 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535235/effect-of-cephalexin-plus-trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole-vs-cephalexin-alone-on-clinical-cure-of-uncomplicated-cellulitis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Gregory J Moran, Anusha Krishnadasan, William R Mower, Fredrick M Abrahamian, Frank LoVecchio, Mark T Steele, Richard E Rothman, David J Karras, Rebecca Hoagland, Stephanie Pettibone, David A Talan
Importance: Emergency department visits for skin infections in the United States have increased with the emergence of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). For cellulitis without purulent drainage, β-hemolytic streptococci are presumed to be the predominant pathogens. It is unknown if antimicrobial regimens possessing in vitro MRSA activity provide improved outcomes compared with treatments lacking MRSA activity. Objective: To determine whether cephalexin plus trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole yields a higher clinical cure rate of uncomplicated cellulitis than cephalexin alone...
May 23, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473362/helcococcus-kunzii-prosthetic-valve-endocarditis-secondary-to-lower-extremity-cellulitis
#16
Saira Farid, William Miranda, Joseph Maleszewski, Muhammad Rizwan Sohail
An 88-year-old man with history of bioprosthetic aortic valve replacement was hospitalised with fever, chills, malaise and right lower extremity cellulitis. Laboratory investigations revealed leucocytosis and blood cultures grew Helcococcus kunzii Although transoesophageal echocardiography was negative for endocarditis, the patient was treated with 4 week of intravenous ceftriaxone. However, he was readmitted 6 weeks later with symptoms of fever, chills and hypoxia in setting of recurrent H. kunzii bacteraemia...
May 3, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390618/management-of-orbital-cellulitis-and-subperiosteal-orbital-abscess-in-pediatric-patients-a-ten-year-review
#17
Vittorio Sciarretta, Marco Demattè, Paolo Farneti, Martina Fornaciari, Ilaria Corsini, Ottavio Piccin, Domenico Saggese, Ignacio Javier Fernandez
OBJECTIVE: Pediatric periorbital cellulitis represents a common disease complicating a nasal infection. METHODS: A ten-year retrospective review of fifty-seven children admitted to our institution with the diagnosis of periorbital cellulitis as a complication of sinus infections was carried out. RESULTS: The age varied from one month to eleven years (mean 3.9 years). Thirty-five were males (62%), while twenty-two were females (38%). Nine out of fifty-seven (15...
May 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28369021/intravenous-steroids-with-antibiotics-on-admission-for-children-with-orbital-cellulitis
#18
Lena Chen, Nora Silverman, Andrew Wu, Roman Shinder
PURPOSE: To compare the outcomes of children with orbital cellulitis treated with intravenous (IV) dexamethasone and antibiotics on admission to patients treated with antibiotics alone. METHODS: Prospective comparative interventional study. Forty-three children admitted to a tertiary institution with orbital cellulitis were enrolled. On admission, all patients were started on broad spectrum IV antibiotics and parents were offered IV dexamethasone (0.3 mg/kg/d every 6 hours for 3 days)...
March 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290630/common-superficial-bursitis
#19
Morteza Khodaee
Superficial bursitis most often occurs in the olecranon and prepatellar bursae. Less common locations are the superficial infrapatellar and subcutaneous (superficial) calcaneal bursae. Chronic microtrauma (e.g., kneeling on the prepatellar bursa) is the most common cause of superficial bursitis. Other causes include acute trauma/hemorrhage, inflammatory disorders such as gout or rheumatoid arthritis, and infection (septic bursitis). Diagnosis is usually based on clinical presentation, with a particular focus on signs of septic bursitis...
February 15, 2017: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272855/a-fifteen-year-experience-of-total-thyroidectomy-for-the-management-of-simple-multinodular-goitres-in-a-low-medium-income-country
#20
A O Afolabi, O O Ayandipo, O O Afuwape, O A Ogundoyin
INTRODUCTION: Total thyroidectomy as a treatment for simple multinodular goitre is not well recognised in most centres in low middle income countries. METHOD: This paper is a retrospective review of outcomes of total thyroidectomy for simple multinodular goitres in the last fifteen years in a tertiary hospital in Nigeria. RESULTS: A total of 652 thyroidectomies were done from January 2001 to December 2015. Simple multinodular goitres were indication for a total thyroidectomy in 447 patients (68...
November 2016: South African Journal of Surgery. Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Chirurgie
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