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E-health, mobile health, mhealth

Amy D Nguyen, Melissa T Baysari, Diluk R W Kannangara, Amina Tariq, Annie Y S Lau, Johanna I Westbrook, Richard O Day
BACKGROUND: Gout is an arthritic condition that is characterised by extremely painful, debilitating acute attacks and eventual joint and organ damage if not controlled. Despite the availability of very effective therapies that, if adhered to, will prevent acute attacks and long-term damage, the disorder is increasingly prevalent. There is an urgent need to improve self-management of gout. OBJECTIVES: Mobile health (mHealth) applications ('apps'), designed to facilitate management of chronic conditions, present novel opportunities for supporting patient self-management of gout...
October 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Mary Amoakoh-Coleman, Alexander Berend-Jan Borgstein, Stephanie Fv Sondaal, Diederick E Grobbee, Andrea Solnes Miltenburg, Mirjam Verwijs, Evelyn K Ansah, Joyce L Browne, Kerstin Klipstein-Grobusch
BACKGROUND: Low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) face the highest burden of maternal and neonatal deaths. Concurrently, they have the lowest number of physicians. Innovative methods such as the exchange of health-related information using mobile devices (mHealth) may support health care workers in the provision of antenatal, delivery, and postnatal care to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes in LMICs. OBJECTIVE: We conducted a systematic review evaluating the effectiveness of mHealth interventions targeting health care workers to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes in LMIC...
2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Pantelis Angelidis, Leslie Berman, Maria de la Luz Casas-Perez, Leo Anthony Celi, George E Dafoulas, Alon Dagan, Braiam Escobar, Diego M Lopez, Julieta Noguez, Juan Sebastian Osorio-Valencia, Charles Otine, Kenneth Paik, Luis Rojas-Potosi, Andreas L Symeonidis, Eric Winkler
The challenge of providing quality healthcare to underserved populations in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) has attracted increasing attention from information and communication technology (ICT) professionals interested in providing societal impact through their work. Sana is an organisation hosted at the Institute for Medical Engineering and Science at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology that was established out of this interest. Over the past several years, Sana has developed a model of organising mobile health bootcamp and hackathon events in LMICs with the goal of encouraging increased collaboration between ICT and medical professionals and leveraging the growing prevalence of cellphones to provide health solutions in resource limited settings...
August 10, 2016: Journal of Medical Engineering & Technology
Silvana Mareva, David Thomson, Pietro Marenco, Víctor Estal Muñoz, Caroline V Ott, Barbara Schmidt, Tobias Wingen, Angelos P Kassianos
Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) is a construct of increasing importance in modern healthcare, and has typically been assessed using retrospective instruments. While such measures have been shown to have predictive utility for clinical outcomes, several cognitive biases associated with human recall and current mood state may undermine their validity and reliability. Retrospective tools can be further criticized for their lack of ecology, as individuals are usually assessed in less natural settings such as hospitals and health centers, and may be obliged to spend time and money traveling to receive assessment...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
Fatema Khatun, Anita E Heywood, Pradeep K Ray, Abbas Bhuiya, Siaw-Teng Liaw
INTRODUCTION: There are increasing numbers of mHealth initiatives in middle and low income countries aimed at improving health outcomes. Bangladesh is no exception with more than 20 mobile health (mHealth) initiatives in place. A recent study in Bangladesh examined community readiness for mHealth using a framework based on quantitative data. Given the importance of a framework and the complementary role of qualitative exploration, this paper presents data from a qualitative study which complements findings from the quantitative study...
September 2016: International Journal of Medical Informatics
Kathleen T Hickey, Nicole R Hauser, Laura E Valente, Teresa C Riga, Ashton P Frulla, Ruth Masterson Creber, William Whang, Hasan Garan, Haomiao Jia, Robert R Sciacca, Daniel Y Wang
BACKGROUND: Atrial fibrillation is a major public health problem and is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, affecting an estimated 2.7 million Americans. The true prevalence of atrial fibrillation is likely underestimated because episodes are often sporadic; therefore, it is challenging to detect and record an occurrence in a "real world" setting. To date, mobile health tools that promote earlier detection and treatment of atrial fibrillation and improvement in self-management behaviors and knowledge have not been evaluated...
2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Jason E Owen, Michaela Curran, Erin O'Carroll Bantum, Robert Hanneman
Web and mobile (mHealth) interventions have promise for improving health outcomes, but engagement and attrition may be reducing effect sizes. Because social networks can improve engagement, which is a key mechanism of action, understanding the structure and potential impact of social networks could be key to improving mHealth effects. This study (a) evaluates social network characteristics of four distinct communication channels (discussion board, chat, e-mail, and blog) in a large social networking intervention, (b) predicts membership in online communities, and (c) evaluates whether community membership impacts engagement...
June 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
Elizabeth C Voth, Nelly D Oelke, Mary E Jung
BACKGROUND: Use of mobile health (mHealth) technology is on an exponential rise. mHealth apps have the capability to reach a large number of individuals, but until now have lacked the integration of evidence-based theoretical constructs to increase exercise behavior in users. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a theory-based, self-monitoring app on exercise and self-monitoring behavior over 8 weeks. METHODS: A total of 56 adults (mean age 40 years, SD 13) were randomly assigned to either receive the mHealth app (experimental; n=28) or not to receive the app (control; n=28)...
2016: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Lan Thi Hoang Vu, Ngan Thi Kim Nguyen, Hanh Thi Duc Tran, Nazeem Muhajarine
BACKGROUND: Socio-economic development in Vietnam has resulted in increased internal migration particularly among young women seeking employment opportunities in cities. Vietnamese female migrants who enter new environments often encounter the loss or neglect of their right to access sexual and reproductive health services. To address this, a mobile health (mHealth) intervention model was implemented over 12 months (2013-2014) in a factory in the Long Bien industrial zone of Hanoi, Vietnam...
2016: Reproductive Health
Kelly M Collins, Richard F Armenta, Jazmine Cuevas-Mota, Lin Liu, Steffanie A Strathdee, Richard S Garfein
BACKGROUND: New and innovative methods of delivering interventions are needed to further reduce risky behaviors and increase overall health among persons who inject drugs (PWID). Mobile health (mHealth) interventions have potential for reaching PWID; however, little is known about mobile technology use (MTU) in this population. In this study, we identify patterns of MTU and identified factors associated with MTU among a cohort of PWID. METHODS: Data were collected through a longitudinal cohort study examining drug use, risk behaviors and health status among PWID in San Diego, CA...
April 19, 2016: Substance Abuse
Sarah Hales, Gabrielle Turner-McGrievy, Arjang Fahim, Andrew Freix, Sara Wilcox, Rachel E Davis, Michael Huhns, Homayoun Valafar
BACKGROUND: Mobile health (mHealth) has shown promise as a way to deliver weight loss interventions, including connecting users for social support. OBJECTIVE: To develop, refine, and pilot test the Social Pounds Off Digitally (POD) Android app for personalized health monitoring and interaction. METHODS: Adults who were overweight and obese with Android smartphones (BMI 25-49.9 kg/m(2); N=9) were recruited for a 2-month weight loss pilot intervention and iterative usability testing of the Social POD app...
2016: JMIR Human Factors
Smisha Agarwal, Amnesty E LeFevre, Jaime Lee, Kelly L'Engle, Garrett Mehl, Chaitali Sinha, Alain Labrique
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: BMJ: British Medical Journal
Corneel Vandelanotte, Andre M Müller, Camille E Short, Melanie Hingle, Nicole Nathan, Susan L Williams, Michael L Lopez, Sanjoti Parekh, Carol A Maher
Because physical inactivity and unhealthy diets are highly prevalent, there is a need for cost-effective interventions that can reach large populations. Electronic health (eHealth) and mobile health (mHealth) solutions have shown promising outcomes and have expanded rapidly in the past decade. The purpose of this report is to provide an overview of the state of the evidence for the use of eHealth and mHealth in improving physical activity and nutrition behaviors in general and special populations. The role of theory in eHealth and mHealth interventions is addressed, as are methodological issues...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Kate Jongbloed, Anton J Friedman, Margo E Pearce, Mia L Van Der Kop, Vicky Thomas, Lou Demerais, Sherri Pooyak, Martin T Schechter, Richard T Lester, Patricia M Spittal
BACKGROUND: Despite successes in preventing and treating HIV, Indigenous people in Canada continue to face disproportionately high rates of HIV infection. Programs that support healing from lifetime trauma, support connection to culture, and reduce drug-related harms are critical to preventing HIV among young Indigenous people who use drugs. The Cedar Project WelTel mHealth intervention proposed here is a structured mobile-phone initiative to connect young Indigenous people who use drugs with Cedar Case Managers in a community-based setting...
2016: Trials
Nneka Lotea Ifejika, Elizabeth Anne Noser, James C Grotta, Sean I Savitz
RATIONALE: Swipe out Stroke (SOS) examines the use of a smartphone-based mobile application to reduce obesity in high-risk minority stroke patients. At record-high levels in the United States, obesity disproportionately affects minorities and is highly correlated with cerebrovascular disease. Unfortunately, structured weight loss programs are expensive, and compliance significantly decreases upon program completion. Mobile health (mHealth) technology is an innovative, cost-effective way to bridge this gap...
July 2016: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Diana A Shellmer, Mary Amanda Dew, George Mazariegos, Annette DeVito Dabbs
Applying principles of user-centered design, we iteratively developed and tested the prototype of TPP, an mHealth application to promote medication adherence and enhance communication about medication management between adolescents and primary caregivers. A purposive sample of seven adolescent solid organ transplant recipients who were ≥ one yr post-transplant and their primary caregivers participated. Participants completed up to three face-to-face laboratory usability sessions, a 6-week field test, and a debriefing session...
February 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
Michael de Ridder, Jinman Kim, Yan Jing, Mohamed Khadra, Ralph Nanan
INTRODUCTION: Mobile health (mHealth) technologies have been shown to improve self-management of chronic diseases, such as diabetes. However, mHealth tools, e.g. apps, often have low rates of retention, eroding their potential benefits. Using incentives is a common mechanism for engaging, empowering and retaining patients that is applied by mHealth tools. We conducted a systematic review aiming to categorize the different types of incentive mechanisms employed in mHealth tools for diabetes management, which we defined as incentive-driven technologies (IDTs)...
February 16, 2016: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Óscar J Rubio, Jesús D Trigo, Álvaro Alesanco, Luis Serrano, José García
The ISO/IEEE 11073 standard for Personal Health Devices (X73PHD) aims to ensure interoperability between Personal Health Devices and aggregators-e.g. health appliances, routers-in ambulatory setups. The Integrating the Healthcare Enterprise (IHE) initiative promotes the coordinated use of different standards in healthcare systems (e.g. Personal/Electronic Health Records, alert managers, Clinical Decision Support Systems) by defining profiles intended for medical use cases. X73PHD provides a robust syntactic model and a comprehensive terminology, but it places limited emphasis on security and on interoperability with IHE-compliant systems and frameworks...
April 2016: Journal of Biomedical Informatics
Fuad Abujarad, Federico E Vaca
Latino drinkers experience a disparate number of negative health and social consequences. Emergency Department Alcohol Screening Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (ED-SBIRT) is viable and effective at reducing harmful and hazardous drinking. However, barriers (e.g. readily available language translators, provider time burden, resources) to broad implementation remain and account for a major lag in adherence to national guidelines. We describe our approach to the design of a patient-centered bilingual Web-based mobile health ED-SBIRT App that could be integrated into a clinically complex ED environment and used regularly to provide ED-SBIRT for Spanish speaking patients...
June 2015: Proc Int Symp Hum Factors Ergon Healthc
Kelly A Aschbrenner, John A Naslund, Lydia E Gill, Stephen J Bartels, Dror Ben-Zeev
OBJECTIVE: Mobile health (mHealth) approaches have the potential to transform prevention, wellness, and illness management for people with dual diagnosis consisting of co-occurring mental illness and substance use disorders by providing timely and cost-effective interventions in clients' natural environments. However, little is known about how clients interact with mHealth interventions to manage their illness. This qualitative study explored the content of mobile phone text messages between clients with dual diagnosis and a clinician who engaged them in daily assessment and intervention text exchanges...
2016: Journal of Dual Diagnosis
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