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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538846/-clinical-and-microbiological-study-of-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infections-in-internal-medicine-services-of-a-venezuelan-university-hospital
#1
Pedro Quijada-Martínez, Ana Flores-Carrero, Indira Labrador, María Araque
Objectives: To determine the clinical and microbiological characteristics of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTI) in patients admitted to the Internal Medicine services of the Hospital Universitario de Los Andes (HULA), Mérida, Venezuela and to establish the clonal distribution of multi-resistant Enterobacteriaceae that produce this infection. Materials and Methods: Seventy-three adult patients with bladder catheterization were studied between January and July 2015...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533857/antibiogram-profile-of-uropathogens-isolated-at-bahir-dar-regional-health-research-laboratory-centre-northwest-ethiopia
#2
Awoke Derbie, Derese Hailu, Daniel Mekonnen, Bayeh Abera, Gashaw Yitayew
INTRODUCTION: Antimicrobial resistance among bacteria that cause urinary tract infection (UTI) has been increasing since the introduction of chemotherapy. This study was aimed to assess the types of isolates from patients with UTI and to determine their current antimicrobial susceptibility profile. METHODS: A record based retrospective analysis of bacterial uropathogens processed in the period of January 2012 to December 2014 at Bahir Dar Health Research Laboratory Center (BRHRLC) was determined...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527511/accumulation-of-biomass-and-four-triterpenoids-in-two-stage-cultured-poria-cocos-mycelia-and-diuretic-activity-in-rats
#3
Gao-Sheng Hu, Chong-Gui Huang, Yang Zhang, Wei Xiao, Jing-Ming Jia
Poria cocos (Schw.) Wolf, an important medicinal and food fungus, is well known in East Asia. Due to growing market demand, long cultivation period, and consumption of pine trunk during cultivation, developing alternative methods for producing P. cocos and/or its active components is of interest. In the present study, the effects of different culture methods on biomass and accumulation of four triterpenoids were investigated. The ethanol extract of fermented mycelium (EFM) was orally administered to rats. Urine output and concentrations of electrolytes (Na(+), K(+), and Cl(-)) were measured...
April 2017: Chinese Journal of Natural Medicines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526665/the-sensor-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-methods-study-of-self-management-checks-to-predict-exacerbations-of-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-patients-with-long-term-respiratory-conditions
#4
Claire Roberts, Thomas L Jones, Samal Gunatilake, Will Storrar, Scott Elliott, Sharon Glaysher, Ben Green, Steven Rule, Carole Fogg, Ann Dewey, Kevin A Auton, Anoop J Chauhan
BACKGROUND: There are an estimated three million people in the United Kingdom with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and the incidence of bronchiectasis is estimated at around 0.1% but is more common in COPD and severe asthma. Both COPD and bronchiectasis are characterized by exacerbations in which bacteria play a central role. Pseudomonas aeruginosa is isolated from sputum samples from 4% to 15% of adults with COPD and is more likely to be isolated from patients with severe disease...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525923/a-national-implementation-project-to-prevent-catheter-associated-urinary-tract-infection-in-nursing-home-residents
#5
Lona Mody, M Todd Greene, Jennifer Meddings, Sarah L Krein, Sara E McNamara, Barbara W Trautner, David Ratz, Nimalie D Stone, Lillian Min, Steven J Schweon, Andrew J Rolle, Russell N Olmsted, Dale R Burwen, James Battles, Barbara Edson, Sanjay Saint
Importance: Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (UTI) in nursing home residents is a common cause of sepsis, hospital admission, and antimicrobial use leading to colonization with multidrug-resistant organisms. Objective: To develop, implement, and evaluate an intervention to reduce catheter-associated UTI. Design, Setting, and Participants: A large-scale prospective implementation project was conducted in community-based nursing homes participating in the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Safety Program for Long-Term Care...
May 19, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523017/antibiotic-susceptibility-in-commonly-isolated-pathogens-from-urinary-tract-infection-in-a-cohort-of-subjects-from-low-socioeconomic-strata
#6
Saera Suhail Kidwai, Ayesha Nageen, Samina Ghaznavi, Farhat Bashir, Jamal Ara
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Urinary tract infection is one of the commonest infections seen in clinical practice. Lack of compliance and unjustified antibiotic prescriptions has resulted in bacterial resistance and is proving as a major challenge in the management of these infections. Our aim was to identify the sensitivity pattern of commonly used antibiotics against urinary tract infections so as to suggest an improvised line of action against bacteria causing urinary tract infections'...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516385/conservative-surgical-treatment-predictors-of-maternal-hydronephrosis-results-of-a-single-center-retrospective-non-randomized-non-controlled-observational-study
#7
Hakan Ercil, Burak Arslan, Ferhat Ortoglu, Ergun Alma, Umut Unal, Mehmet Eflatun Deniz, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Zafer Gokhan Gurbuz
PURPOSE: To determine the parameters that may help the clinicians decide the best suitable treatment method for the pregnant women with symptomatic hydronephrosis which will be based on the easily accessible laboratory tests, monitoring methods and clinical symptoms. METHODS: Digital data and documents of 246 pregnant women with symptomatic hydronephrosis who were hospitalized in our clinic between the dates of January 2011 and January 2016 were retrospectively evaluated...
May 17, 2017: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515902/sites-of-colonization-in-hospitalized-patients-with-infections-caused-by-extended-spectrum-beta-lactamase-organisms-a-prospective-cohort-study
#8
Zeina A Kanafani, Sukayna M Fadlallah, Sarah Assaf, Khalil Anouti, Kohar Annie B Kissoyan, Jad Sfeir, Tamara Nawar, Mohamad Yasmin, Ghassan M Matar
BACKGROUND: The objective of this study was to determine whether patients infected with extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing organisms are colonized at multiple body sites. METHODS: This was a prospective cohort study at a tertiary care center in Beirut, Lebanon. Hospitalized patients with infections caused by ESBL-producing organisms were included. Cultures were obtained from the primary site of infection as well as from other sites (skin, nasopharynx, urine, rectum)...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513759/-diagnosis-of-leptospirosis-in-dogs
#9
Michèle Bergmann, Julia-Rebecca Llewellyn, Katrin Hartmann
Rapid confirmation of the diagnosis leptospirosis is important in order to apply appropriate treatment; in addition, infected dogs are a zoonotic risk. Culture and isolation of living leptospires from blood, urine, or tissues is considered the reference standard of diagnosis. However, sensitivity are low, and leptospires require weeks to months to grow. Therefore, diagnosis of leptospirosis is most commonly based on antibody testing or the detection of Leptospira spp. DNA by PCR. Microscopic agglutination test (MAT) is currently still the recommended confirmatory test for canine leptospirosis, despite its numerous limitations (e...
May 17, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe K, Kleintiere/Heimtiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513001/the-frequency-of-urinary-tract-infection-and-subclinical-bacteriuria-in-dogs-with-allergic-dermatitis-treated-with-oclacitinib-a-prospective-study
#10
Andrew C Simpson, Jennifer R Schissler, Rod A W Rosychuk, A Russell Moore
BACKGROUND: Oclacitinib is a selective Janus kinase inhibitor for the treatment of canine allergic pruritus and atopic dermatitis in dogs. Glucocorticoids and ciclosporin increase urinary tract infection (UTI) frequency in dogs with inflammatory skin disease. OBJECTIVE: Prospective study to evaluate the frequency of UTI and subclinical bacteriuria in dogs with allergic dermatitis receiving oclacitinib. METHODS: Client-owned dogs ≥2 years of age with a history of allergic dermatitis without apparent history of urinary tract disease or predisposition to UTI were included...
May 17, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511392/the-diagnostic-value-of-urine-lipoarabinomannan-lam-antigen-in-childhood-tuberculosis
#11
Agustin Iskandar, Erlin Nursiloningrum, Maimun Zulhaidah Arthamin, Ery Olivianto, Mas Slamet Chandrakusuma
INTRODUCTION: Diagnosis of Tuberculosis (TB) in children is difficult because the clinical presentation is not specific, the chest X-ray interpretation has low accuracy and sputum sample is difficult to obtain. Antigen detection test such as rapid urine LAM is a non-invasive alternative for diagnosing TB . Lipoarabinomannan (LAM) is the main component of M.tuberculosis cell wall. AIM: To determine the diagnostic value of urinary LAM antigen for diagnosis of childhood TB...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509726/sodium-butyrate-suppresses-angiotensin-ii-induced-hypertension-by-inhibition-of-renal-pro-renin-receptor-and-intrarenal-renin-angiotensin-system
#12
Lei Wang, Qing Zhu, Aihua Lu, Xiaofen Liu, Linlin Zhang, Chuanming Xu, Xiyang Liu, Haobo Li, Tianxin Yang
OBJECTIVES: Butyrate, a short-chain fatty acid, is the end product of the fermentation of complex carbohydrates by the gut microbiota. Recently, sodium butyrate (NaBu) has been found to play a protective role in a number of chronic diseases. However, it is still unclear whether NaBu has a therapeutic potential in hypertension. The present study was aimed to investigate the role of NaBu in angiotensin II (Ang II)-induced hypertension and to further explore the underlying mechanism. METHODS: Ang II was infused into uninephrectomized Sprague-Dawley rats with or without intramedullary infusion of NaBu for 14 days...
May 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509132/transient-fanconi-syndrome-in-two-preterm-infants-with-hydronephrosis-and-urinary-tract-infection
#13
Takahiro Tominaga, Takeshi Sato, Yosuke Ichihashi, Naoko Amano, Yasuaki Kobayashi, Midori Awazu
Type IV renal tubular acidosis is known to occur in obstructive uropathy with urinary tract infection. Fanconi syndrome, however, has not been described in these settings. We report two preterm infants who developed Fanconi syndrome associated with hydronephrosis and urinary tract infection. Patient 1 is a boy with 21 trisomy, bilateral renal hypoplasia and bilateral vesicoureteral reflux delivered at 35 weeks' gestation. At postnatal day 42, he developed Fanconi syndrome after urinary tract infection, which persisted until the surgical correction of vesicoureteral reflux...
May 2017: CEN Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503325/ceftolozane-tazobactam-for-febrile-uti-due-to-multidrug-resistant-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-in-a-patient-with-neurogenic-bladder
#14
Aurélien Dinh, Benjamin Davido, Ruxandra Calin, Julie Paquereau, Clara Duran, Frédérique Bouchand, Véronique Phé, Emmanuel Chartier-Kastler, Martin Rottman, Jérôme Salomon, Patrick Plésiat, Anaïs Potron
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infections (UTI) are a major public health problem among spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. They frequently involve multidrug-resistant (MDR) bacteria. Ceftolozane/tazobactam (C/T) is a novel antibiotic combination approved for complicated intra-abdominal and UTI caused by Gram-positive and Gram-negative organisms, including some MDR strains. Little is known about the use of this agent for complicated febrile UTI occurring among SCI patients with neurogenic bladder due to MDR Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PSA)...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499434/development-of-a-novel-immunochromatographic-lateral-flow-assay-specific-for-mycobacterium-bovis-cells-and-its-application-in-combination-with-immunomagnetic-separation-to-test-badger-faeces
#15
Linda D Stewart, Nuria Tort, Paul Meakin, Jose M Argudo, Ruramayi Nzuma, Neil Reid, Richard J Delahay, Roland Ashford, W Ian Montgomery, Irene R Grant
BACKGROUND: The European badger is an important wildlife reservoir of Mycobacterium bovis implicated in the spread of bovine tuberculosis in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Infected badgers are known to shed M. bovis in their urine and faeces, which may contaminate the environment. To aid bovine tuberculosis control efforts novel diagnostic tests for detecting infected and shedding badgers are needed. We proposed development of a novel, rapid immunochromatographic lateral flow device (LFD) as a non-invasive test to detect M...
May 12, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499418/early-morning-urine-collection-to-improve-urinary-lateral-flow-lam-assay-sensitivity-in-hospitalised-patients-with-hiv-tb-co-infection
#16
Phindile Gina, Philippa J Randall, Tapuwa E Muchinga, Anil Pooran, Richard Meldau, Jonny G Peter, Keertan Dheda
BACKGROUND: Urine LAM testing has been approved by the WHO for use in hospitalised patients with advanced immunosuppression. However, sensitivity remains suboptimal. We therefore examined the incremental diagnostic sensitivity of early morning urine (EMU) versus random urine sampling using the Determine® lateral flow lipoarabinomannan assay (LF-LAM) in HIV-TB co-infected patients. METHODS: Consenting HIV-infected inpatients, screened as part of a larger prospective randomized controlled trial, that were treated for TB, and could donate matched random and EMU samples were included...
May 12, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497048/antimicrobial-resistance-patterns-in-women-with-positive-urine-culture-does-menopausal-status-make-a-significant-difference
#17
Pawel Miotla, Katarzyna Romanek-Piva, Michal Bogusiewicz, Ewa Markut-Miotla, Aneta Adamiak, Andrzej Wróbel, Małgorzata Zebrowska, Sara Wawrysiuk, Katarzyna Mendyk, Ewa Rechberger, Agata Jakubczak, Tomasz Rechberger
Aim. Urinary tract infection (UTI) is considered one of the most common bacterial infections in women. The aim of this study was to investigate the types of uropathogens present, as well as the degree of antimicrobial drug resistance seen among premenopausal (n = 2748) and postmenopausal (n = 1705) women with uncomplicated UTI. Methods. Urinary samples (n = 4453) collected from women with UTI were analyzed in terms of uropathogens present. These were considered as positive if bacterial growth was ≥10(5) colony forming units (CFUs)/mL...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28496395/a-relative-quantitative-positive-negative-ion-switching-method-for-untargeted-lipidomics-via-high-resolution-lc-ms-ms-from-any-biological-source
#18
Susanne B Breitkopf, Stéphane J H Ricoult, Min Yuan, Ying Xu, David A Peake, Brendan D Manning, John M Asara
INTRODUCTION: Advances in high-resolution mass spectrometry have created renewed interest for studying global lipid biochemistry in disease and biological systems. OBJECTIVES: Here, we present an untargeted 30 min. LC-MS/MS platform that utilizes positive/negative polarity switching to perform unbiased data dependent acquisitions (DDA) via higher energy collisional dissociation (HCD) fragmentation to profile more than 1000-1500 lipid ions mainly from methyl-tert-butyl ether (MTBE) or chloroform:methanol extractions...
March 2017: Metabolomics: Official Journal of the Metabolomic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493774/urinary-catheter-related-visits-to-the-emergency-department-and-implications-for-community-services
#19
Tiziana Ansell, Danielle Harari
Thousands of patients live with urinary catheters and the potential complications deriving from long-term use. Disjointed community services may result in patients attending the emergency department (ED) to manage catheter complications. AIM: to conduct a service review of catheterised patients attending the ED of a large London hospital; to describe incidence, reasons for attendance and cost to inform future planning for out-of-hospital care. METHOD: a catheter collaborative, consisting of multidisciplinary health professionals and patients, formulated survey questions...
May 11, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28491325/propionimicrobium-lymphophilum-and-actinotignum-schaalii-bacteraemia-a-case-report
#20
M Ikeda, T Kobayashi, T Suzuki, Y Wakabayashi, Y Ohama, S Maekawa, S Takahashi, Y Homma, K Tatsuno, T Sato, S Okugawa, K Moriya, H Yotsuyanagi
Propionimicrobium lymphophilum is an anaerobic Gram-positive bacillus that exists in human skin and urinary tract. The pathogenicity is, however, not well known. Only two cases of urinary tract infection have been described recently. In the case presented here, the bacterium was isolated, concomitant with Actinotignum schaalii, from blood culture of a patient with fever and difficulty of urination. The bacteria were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and 16S rRNA sequencing...
July 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
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