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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747249/-the-surgical-management-of-nasal-skull-base-schwannoma-under-endonasal-endoscope-a-retrospective-review-of-52-cases
#1
L Yang, W D Zhao, Q Liu, H K Zhang, D H Wang
Objective: To discuss the surgical technique and outcome of nasal skull base schwannoma treated under endonasal endoscope. Methods: Fifty-two patients with nasal skull base nonvestibular schwannoma were treated under endonasal endoscope from May 2006 to June 2017 in Shanghai E&ENT Hospital. Of the patients, there were 21 men and 31 women. The age of the patients ranged from 33 to 71 years.Schwannoma mainly came from trigeminal nerve.Clinical symptoms included facial numbness, facial pain, nasal obstruction, headache, hypopsia, diplopia and tinnitus...
April 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746651/the-impact-of-the-veteran-s-affairs-medical-system-on-an-otolaryngology-residency-training-program
#2
Alexander Lanigan, Mark Spaw, Christopher Donaghe, Joseph Brennan
Introduction: The field of otolaryngology has become the leading specialty in the management of head and neck pathology and trauma. Graduate medical education programs tasked to train military head and neck surgeons within the Department of Defense (DoD) maintain certification by ensuring adequate surgical case volume and training. In recent years, surgical case numbers have declined due to an overall healthy active duty patient population and deployments of residency faculty. As such, a novel initiative between the San Antonio Military Medical Center and the South Texas Veteran's Healthcare system was developed to provide seamless care among active duty service members, dependents, retirees, and veterans...
May 9, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741289/grommets-ventilation-tubes-for-recurrent-acute-otitis-media-in-children
#3
REVIEW
Roderick P Venekamp, Paul Mick, Anne Gm Schilder, Desmond A Nunez
BACKGROUND: Acute otitis media (AOM) is one of the most common childhood illnesses. While many children experience sporadic AOM episodes, an important group suffer from recurrent AOM (rAOM), defined as three or more episodes in six months, or four or more in one year. In this subset of children AOM poses a true burden through frequent episodes of ear pain, general illness, sleepless nights and time lost from nursery or school. Grommets, also called ventilation or tympanostomy tubes, can be offered for rAOM...
May 9, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717916/risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-acquired-airway-disease-after-congenital-heart-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#4
Andrew J Matisoff, Pranathi Ari, David Zurakowski, Alexandra G Espinel, Nina Deutsch, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVE: In this single-center, retrospective review, we sought to determine the risk factors associated with the development of severe acquired airway disease (AAD; vocal cord paralysis [VCP] or subglottic stenosis [SGS]) in pediatric patients who had undergone surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) with cardiopulmonary bypass. All patients who required surgical treatment for CHD using cardiopulmonary bypass at our institution between 2010 and 2015 were reviewed. We defined severe AAD as either clinically significant VCP, SGS, or both, requiring consultation with the otolaryngology (ENT) service for evaluation...
April 1, 2018: Seminars in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717338/trends-in-rhinoplasty-research-a-20-year-bibliometric-analysis
#5
Shadi Lalezari, David A Daar, Prakash J Mathew, Donald S Mowlds, Keyianoosh Z Paydar, Garrett A Wirth
BACKGROUND: Rhinoplasty is a popular aesthetic and reconstructive surgical procedure. It is one of the top five surgical cosmetic procedures performed worldwide. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate global trends in rhinoplasty research spanning 20 years between 1994 and 2013. METHODS: The top 15 plastic surgery and otolaryngology journals containing rhinoplasty research were determined using impact factors (IF). A database of rhinoplasty articles from 1994 to 2013 was created to include the following classifications: IF, authors' geographic location, study design, level of evidence (LOE), and pertinence to aesthetic or reconstructive rhinoplasty...
May 1, 2018: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29696657/surgical-simulation-and-applicant-perception-in-otolaryngology-residency-interviews
#6
Maheer M Masood, Elizabeth D Stephenson, Douglas R Farquhar, Zainab Farzal, Parth V Shah, Robert A Buckmire, Wade G McClain, J Madison Clark, Brian D Thorp, Adam J Kimple, Charles S Ebert, Lauren A Kilpatrick, Samip N Patel, Rupali N Shah, Adam M Zanation
OBJECTIVE: The traditional resident applicant interview involves multiple oral interviews. The implementation of surgical simulations adds an additional dimension of assessment but can be perceived in a stressful way by applicants. The purpose of this project is to describe low-fidelity simulations that were implemented for the 2016 to 2017 residency interviews and obtain applicant perception of these simulations. METHODS: Six simulation modules were created, which reflected tasks used in six subspecialties within otolaryngology (pediatrics, otology, laryngology, facial plastics, rhinology, and head/neck)...
April 25, 2018: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680444/sinonasal-outcome-after-endoscopic-mononostril-transsphenoidal-surgery-a-single-center-cohort-study
#7
Stefan Linsler, Benjamin Prokein, Philipp Hendrix, Joachim Oertel
OBJECTIVE: The endoscopic endonasal approach has been well established for skull base surgery. However, there are only few studies pointing out nasal complaints after surgery. In this study, the authors evaluated postoperative nasal complaints and complications after mononostril endoscopic procedures. METHODS: All patients operated on parasellar and sellar pathologies at our department via an endoscopic mononostril transnasal transsphenoidal approach from January 2011 to May 2015 were analyzed...
April 18, 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650421/financial-outcomes-of-transoral-robotic-surgery-a-narrative-review
#8
REVIEW
Sammy Othman, Brian J McKinnon
OBJECTIVE: To determine the current cost impact and financial outcomes of transoral robotic surgery in Otolaryngology. DATA SOURCES: A narrative review of the literature with a defined search strategy using Pubmed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science. REVIEW METHODS: Using keywords ENT or otolaryngology, cost or economic, transoral robotic surgery or TORs, searches were performed in Pubmed, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and Web of Science and reviewed by the authors for inclusion and analysis...
April 3, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628319/facial-nerve-palsy-and-laryngospasm-as-a-complication-of-local-anaesthesia-during-adenotonsillectomy
#9
Michał Lubszczyk, Anna Łuczyńska-Sopel, Dariusz Polaczkiewicz
Tonsil surgeries are the most frequently performed surgical procedures in ENT departments. We would like to present the case of a 5-year-old patient who suffered from unilateral peripheral facial nerve palsy and laryngeal spasm following adenotonsillectomy. Paresis was observed immediately after the transfer of the patient to the postoperative room. The activity of facial muscles was restored within 2 hours from the beginning of the surgery. We assume that this was the direct effect of an anaesthetic on the extracranial processes of the facial nerve...
April 5, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574597/reducing-post-tonsillectomy-haemorrhage-rates-through-a-quality-improvement-project-using-a-swedish-national-quality-register-a-case-study
#10
Erik Odhagen, Ola Sunnergren, Anne-Charlotte Hessén Söderman, Johan Thor, Joacim Stalfors
PURPOSE: Tonsillectomy (TE) is one of the most frequently performed ENT surgical procedures. Post-tonsillectomy haemorrhage (PTH) is a potentially life-threatening complication of TE. The National Tonsil Surgery Register in Sweden (NTSRS) has revealed wide variations in PTH rates among Swedish ENT centres. In 2013, the steering committee of the NTSRS, therefore, initiated a quality improvement project (QIP) to decrease the PTH incidence. The aim of the present study was to describe and evaluate the multicentre QIP initiated to decrease PTH rates...
March 24, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29565639/otolaryngology-in-critical-care
#11
Jisha Joshua, Eric Scholten, Daniel Schaerer, Mahmood F Mafee, Thomas H Alexander, Laura E Crotty Alexander
Diseases affecting the ear, nose and throat are prevalent in intensive care settings and often require combined medical and surgical management. Upper airway occlusion can occur from malignant tumor growth, allergic reactions, and bleeding events and may require close monitoring and interventions by intensivists, sometimes necessitating surgical management. With the increased prevalence of immunocompromised patients, aggressive infections of the head and neck likewise require prompt recognition and treatment...
March 22, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29531484/can-red-blood-cell-distribution-width-be-a-potential-marker-in-the-decision-to-perform-tonsillectomy
#12
Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Korhan Kilic, Ayhan Kars, Mustafa Kara, Mustafa Sitki Gozeler
Objective: Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures performed at ear, nose, and throat clinics. Chronic recurrent tonsillitis, obstructive tonsillitis, and halitosis are among the most common indications for surgery. Determining whether the infection is chronic and the patient's annual number of infections are important in estimating the necessity for surgery to be performed due to infectious causes. Red blood cell distribution width (RDW) is a numerical value present in normal complete blood count that provides information about erythrocytes and their dimensions...
February 2018: Eurasian Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500056/surgical-care-and-otolaryngology-in-global-health
#13
REVIEW
Regan W Bergmark, David A Shaye, Mark G Shrime
Surgical access is inadequate for most people. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery established 6 indicators to measure surgical access: geographic accessibility, density of surgical providers, number of procedures performed, perioperative mortality, impoverishing expenditure, and catastrophic expenditure. Otolaryngology surgical, training, and research efforts use these 6 indicators to maximize impact and coordination of worldwide efforts in surgery. Research must be rigorous and consider the counterfactual...
February 27, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494729/association-of-reduced-delay-in-care-with-a-dedicated-operating-room-in-pediatric-otolaryngology
#14
Andrew J Redmann, Kyle Robinette, Charles M Myer, Alessandro de Alarcón, Aimee Veid, Catherine K Hart
Importance: Obtaining sufficient operating room time for inpatient consults requiring an operative intervention is a persistent challenge for otolaryngologists. Objective: To examine the institution of an otolaryngology-specific operating room (OR) for unscheduled (add-on) cases for its association with time from initial consultation to surgery and, secondarily, to determine utilization of a dedicated block of time. Design, Setting, and Participants: Retrospective review of medical records of a tertiary care pediatric hospital for patients treated between January 1, 2015, and March 31, 2016; analysis was concluded by June 2016...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494321/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update
#15
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients who present with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29494316/clinical-practice-guideline-hoarseness-dysphonia-update-executive-summary
#16
Robert J Stachler, David O Francis, Seth R Schwartz, Cecelia C Damask, German P Digoy, Helene J Krouse, Scott J McCoy, Daniel R Ouellette, Rita R Patel, Charles Charlie W Reavis, Libby J Smith, Marshall Smith, Steven W Strode, Peak Woo, Lorraine C Nnacheta
Objective This guideline provides evidence-based recommendations on treating patients presenting with dysphonia, which is characterized by altered vocal quality, pitch, loudness, or vocal effort that impairs communication and/or quality of life. Dysphonia affects nearly one-third of the population at some point in its life. This guideline applies to all age groups evaluated in a setting where dysphonia would be identified or managed. It is intended for all clinicians who are likely to diagnose and treat patients with dysphonia...
March 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29480362/functional-and-cosmetic-donor-site-morbidity-of-the-radial-forearm-free-flap-comparison-of-two-different-coverage-techniques
#17
Markus Pirlich, Iris-Susanne Horn, Christian Mozet, Mandy Pirlich, Andreas Dietz, Miloš Fischer
BACKGROUND: The use of the radial forearm-free flap is a well-established and reliable reconstruction method in head and neck surgery. Usually, the defect of the donor site is covered with full or split-thickness skin grafts. Since 09/2013, a direct closure of the radial forearm donor site has been performed at the ENT University Hospital Leipzig to avoid secondary donor site morbidity. However, few data are available in the literature on long-term cosmetic and functional results compared to the established indirect donor site defect coverage...
May 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424629/parental-satisfaction-with-being-present-in-the-operating-room-during-the-induction-of-anesthesia-prior-to-pediatric-neurosurgical-intervention-a-qualitative-analysis
#18
Hena Waseem, Rachael S Mazzamurro, Alec H Fisher, Subasish Bhowmik, Rifat A Zaman, Angeline Andrew, David F Bauer
OBJECTIVE Parental presence in the operating room during the induction of anesthesia (PPIA) has been shown to decrease parent and child anxiety and increase satisfaction with patient experience in outpatient otolaryngological procedures, such as tympanostomy tube placement. PPIA for other procedures, such as a major neurosurgical intervention, has been a practice at the authors' institutions for many years. This practice is not universally accepted across the United States, and the potential benefits for patients and families have not been formally evaluated...
May 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405836/expanded-transcanal-transpromontorial-approach-a-novel-surgical-technique-for-cerebellopontine-angle-vestibular-schwannoma-removal
#19
Daniele Marchioni, Marco Carner, Davide Soloperto, Luca Bianconi, Andrea Sacchetto, Luca Sacchetto, Barbara Masotto, Livio Presutti
Objective Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is a benign tumor of the lateral skull base. Different microscopic surgical techniques are described in literature: the retrosigmoid and translabyrinthine approaches are used to treat big tumors located in the cerebellopontine angle, and the middle cranial fossa approach is utilized for small tumors with good hearing preservation. The expanded transcanal transpromontorial (ExpTT) approach is a combined microscopic-endoscopic technique previously indicated for Koos stage I and II VS and now proposed for larger VS, up to 3 cm in diameter, with linear progression into the cerebellopontine angle and touching the brainstem...
April 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389252/risk-factors-and-predictive-model-development-of-thirty-day-post-operative-surgical-site-infection-in-the-veterans-administration-surgical-population
#20
Xinli Li, William Nylander, Tracy Smith, Soonhee Han, William Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infection (SSI) complicates approximately 2% of surgeries in the Veterans Affairs (VA) hospitals. Surgical site infections are responsible for increased morbidity, length of hospital stay, cost, and mortality. Surgical site infection can be minimized by modifying risk factors. In this study, we identified risk factors and developed accurate predictive surgical specialty-specific SSI risk prediction models for the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) surgery population...
April 2018: Surgical Infections
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