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quantum yield neonicotinoid

Kifle Z Aregahegn, Dorit Shemesh, R Benny Gerber, Barbara J Finlayson-Pitts
Imidacloprid (IMD) is the most widely used neonicotinoid insecticide found on environmental surfaces and in water. Analysis of surface-bound IMD photolysis products was performed using attenuated total reflectance Fourier transfer infrared (ATR-FTIR) analysis, electrospray ionization (ESI-MS), direct analysis in real time mass spectrometry (DART-MS), and transmission FTIR for gas-phase products. Photolysis quantum yields (ϕ) for loss of IMD were determined to be (1.6 ± 0.6) × 10(-3) (1s) at 305 nm and (8...
March 7, 2017: Environmental Science & Technology
Xianfeng Zhao, Xusheng Shao, Zhuyan Zou, Xiaoyong Xu
Photodegradation of 1-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl)-7-methyl-8-nitro-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridin-5-ol (IPPA152001) and 1-((6-chloropyridin-3-yl)methyl)-7-methyl-8-nitro-5-propoxy-1,2,3,5,6,7-hexahydroimidazo[1,2-a]pyridine (IPPA152004) was studied in distilled water; high-pressure mercury lamp and xenon lamp were used as light sources. The photolytic rate constants of the two compounds and their half-lives were calculated. Compared with imidacloprid, the order of photodegradation rate of three compounds was as follows: imidacloprid > IPPA152001 > or = IPPA152004...
March 10, 2010: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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