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Photo degradation of neonicotinoid

A Peña, J A Rodríguez-Liébana, M D Mingorance
Wastewater treatment plants receive organic contaminants, such as pesticides, which reach the sewage system from domestic, industrial or agricultural activities. In wastewater, which is a complex mixture of organic and inorganic compounds, biotic or abiotic degradation of contaminants can be affected by the presence of co-solutes. The photodecomposition in natural sunlight of two neonicotinoid insecticides, thiamethoxam and thiacloprid, was investigated in wastewater, aqueous extracts of sewage sludge and in aqueous surfactant solutions, which are abundant in wastewater...
July 2011: Chemosphere
María L Dell'arciprete, Lucas Santos-Juanes, Antonio Arques Sanz, Rafael Vicente, Ana M Amat, Jorge P Furlong, Daniel O Mártire, Mónica C Gonzalez
The reactivity of hydroxyl radicals (HO ) towards three neonicotonoid insecticides, namely imidacloprid, thiacloprid and acetamiprid was investigated. These radicals were generated by photolysis of H(2)O(2) solutions. Flash photolysis experiments were used to determine the rate constants of 5.5 x 10(10) M(-1)s(-1), 6 x 10(10) M(-1)s(-1), and 7.5 x 10(10) M(-1)s(-1), for the reactions of HO with acetamiprid, imidacloprid, and thiacloprid, respectively. Continuous irradiation experiments in the absence and presence of H(2)O(2) allowed the identification and toxicity evaluation of the primary photo- and oxidation products of the insecticides...
July 2009: Photochemical & Photobiological Sciences
Suman Gupta, V T Gajbhiye, R K Gupta
Persistence of two neonicotinoids viz thiacloprid and acetamiprid in soil as affected by UV and sunlight exposure was studied. Treated soil was placed in petri-plates, brought to field capacity moisture and then exposed to UV and sunlight. Dissipation for both the pesticides followed monophasic first order kinetics under sunlight, however under UV-light biphasic dissipation was recorded. Residues of acetamiprid and thiacloprid in soil dissipated with half-lives of 11.1 and 12.8 days under UV light and 25.1 and 19...
August 2008: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
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