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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29689517/neuropsychological-predictors-of-performance-based-measures-of-functional-capacity-and-social-skills-in-individuals-with-severe-mental-illness
#1
Zanjbeel Mahmood, Cynthia Z Burton, Lea Vella, Elizabeth W Twamley
Neuropsychological abilities may underlie successful performance of everyday functioning and social skills. We aimed to determine the strongest neuropsychological predictors of performance-based functional capacity and social skills performance across the spectrum of severe mental illness (SMI). Unemployed outpatients with SMI (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression; n = 151) were administered neuropsychological (expanded MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery), functional capacity (UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment-Brief; UPSA-B), and social skills (Social Skills Performance Assessment; SSPA) assessments...
April 13, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29687293/psychosocial-stress-exposure-disrupts-mammary-gland-development
#2
Marianna B Johnson, Joscelyn N Hoffmann, Hannah M You, Ricardo R Lastra, Sully Fernandez, Jordan W Strober, Ahmad B Allaw, Matthew J Brady, Suzanne D Conzen, Martha K McClintock
Exposure to psychosocial stressors and ensuing stress physiology have been associated with spontaneous invasive mammary tumors in the Sprague-Dawley rat model of human breast cancer. Mammary gland (MG) development is a time when physiologic and environmental exposures influence breast cancer risk. However, the effect of psychosocial stress exposure on MG development remains unknown. Here, in the first comprehensive longitudinal study of MG development in nulliparous female rats (from puberty through young adulthood; 8-25 wks of age), we quantify the spatial gradient of differentiation within the MG of socially stressed (isolated) and control (grouped) rats...
April 23, 2018: Journal of Mammary Gland Biology and Neoplasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673732/self-assessment-of-social-cognitive-ability-in-schizophrenia-association-with-social-cognitive-test-performance-informant-assessments-of-social-cognitive-ability-and-everyday-outcomes
#3
Juliet M Silberstein, Amy E Pinkham, David L Penn, Philip D Harvey
BACKGROUND: Impairments in self-assessment are common in people with schizophrenia and impairments in self-assessment of cognitive ability have been found to predict impaired functional outcome. In this study, we examined self-assessment of social cognitive ability and related them to assessments of social cognition provided by informants, to performance on tests of social cognition, and to everyday outcomes. The difference between self-reported social cognition and informant ratings was used to predict everyday functioning...
April 17, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669461/connected-speech-and-language-in-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-alzheimer-s-disease-a-review-of-picture-description-tasks
#4
Kimberly D Mueller, Bruce Hermann, Jonilda Mecollari, Lyn S Turkstra
INTRODUCTION: The neuropsychological profile of people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and Alzheimer's disease (AD) dementia includes a history of decline in memory and other cognitive domains, including language. While language impairments have been well described in AD dementia, language features of MCI are less well understood. Connected speech and language analysis is the study of an individual's spoken discourse, usually elicited by a target stimulus, the results of which can facilitate understanding of how language deficits typical of MCI and AD dementia manifest in everyday communication...
April 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668349/climacteric-women-at-work-what-lurks-behind-poor-occupational-quality-of-life
#5
Tatjana Gazibara, Biljana Rancic, Sanja Radovanovic, Ilma Kurtagic, Selmina Nurkovic, Nikolina Kovacevic, Jelena Dotlic
Physical and psychological changes during menopausal transition may affect various aspects of everyday functioning including women's work ability and work productivity. Presence of menopausal symptoms has been well-acknowledged to negatively affect quality of life (QOL). However, data on factors associated with occupational QOL among women at this period of life are lacking. The authors' purpose in this study was to evaluate factors affecting occupational QOL in a sample of employed mid-life women who are experiencing menopause...
April 18, 2018: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665842/sensory-re-learning-of-the-upper-limb-after-stroke-sensupp-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Håkan Carlsson, Birgitta Rosén, Hélène Pessah-Rasmussen, Anders Björkman, Christina Brogårdh
BACKGROUND: Many stroke survivors suffer from sensory impairments of their affected upper limb (UL). Although such impairments can affect the ability to use the UL in everyday activities, very little attention is paid to sensory impairments in stroke rehabilitation. The purpose of this trial is to investigate if sensory re-learning in combination with task-specific training may prove to be more effective than task-specific training alone to improve sensory function of the hand, dexterity, the ability to use the hand in daily activities, perceived participation, and life satisfaction...
April 17, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664722/using-a-digital-language-processor-to-quantify-the-auditory-environment-and-the-effect-of-hearing-aids-for-adults-with-hearing-loss
#7
Kelsey E Klein, Yu-Hsiang Wu, Elizabeth Stangl, Ruth A Bentler
BACKGROUND: Auditory environments can influence the communication function of individuals with hearing loss and the effects of hearing aids. Therefore, a tool that can objectively characterize a patient's real-world auditory environments is needed. PURPOSE: To use the Language Environment Analysis (LENA) system to quantify the auditory environments of adults with hearing loss, to examine if the use of hearing aids changes a user's auditory environment, and to determine the association between LENA variables and self-report hearing aid outcome measures...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662463/how-do-you-manage-change-in-organizations-training-development-innovation-and-their-relationships
#8
Riccardo Sartori, Arianna Costantini, Andrea Ceschi, Francesco Tommasi
The article aims to be a reflective paper on the interconnected concepts of training, development and innovation and the potential they have in dealing with change in organizations. We call change both the process through which something becomes different and the result of that process. Change management is the expression used to define the complex of activities, functions, and tools (such as training courses) through which an organization deals with the introduction of something new that is relevant for both its survival and growth...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661612/hearing-self-motion-perception-mobility-and-aging
#9
REVIEW
Jennifer Campos, Robert Ramkhalawansingh, M Kathleen Pichora-Fuller
Hearing helps us know where we are relative to important events and objects in our environment and it allows us to track our changing position dynamically over space and time. Auditory cues are used in combination with other sensory inputs (visual, vestibular, proprioceptive) to help us perceive our own movements through space, known as self-motion perception. Whether we are maintaining standing balance, walking, or driving, audition can provide unique and important information to help optimize self-motion perception, and consequently to support safe mobility...
March 31, 2018: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659031/staff-perceptions-of-borderline-personality-disorder-and-recovery-a-q-sort-method-approach
#10
Rebecca Dean, Sara Siddiqui, Frank Beesley, John Fox, Katherine Berry
OBJECTIVES: This study was the first to explore how staff that work with people diagnosed with borderline personality disorder (BPD) perceive recovery in this client group. These views are important because of the crucial role that staff play in the care of people with BPD, and the challenges that staff experience with these clients. DESIGN: A Q methodology design was used, containing 58 statements about recovery. METHODS: Twenty-nine mental health staff sorted recovery statements according to perceived importance to recovery in BPD...
April 16, 2018: British Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656804/tools-to-screen-and-measure-cognitive-impairment-after-surgery-and-anesthesia
#11
Sérgio Vide, Pedro L Gambús
Cognition is essential to all aspects of our everyday life. Although we take our cognitive function for granted, the perioperative period is prone to several aggressions that might impair it. Postoperative cognitive dysfunction, has been the aim of many studies recently, and was shown to be very common with an incidence that can reach 40%, yielding not only impairment in cognition, but also longer hospital stays, higher costs and greater mortality. While several studies have revealed some of the mechanisms contributing to postoperative cognitive dysfunction, the search for the perfect instrument to screen and measure cognitive (dys)function has proven more elusive...
April 12, 2018: La Presse Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656267/a-naturalistic-examination-of-the-perceived-effects-of-cannabis-on-negative-affect
#12
Carrie Cuttler, Alexander Spradlin, Ryan J McLaughlin
BACKGROUND: Cannabis is commonly used to alleviate symptoms of negative affect. However, a paucity of research has examined the acute effects of cannabis on negative affect in everyday life. The current study provides a naturalistic account of perceived changes in symptoms of depression, anxiety, and stress as a function of dose and concentration of Δ9 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). METHOD: Data from the app StrainprintTM (which provides medical cannabis users a means of tracking changes in symptoms as a function of different doses and chemotypes of cannabis) were analyzed using multilevel modeling...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655932/outcome-measurement-in-the-treatment-of-spasmodic-dysphonia-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
Anna Rumbach, Patrick Aiken, Daniel Novakovic
PURPOSE: The aim of this review was to systematically identify all available studies reporting outcomes measures to assess treatment outcomes for people with spasmodic dysphonia (SD). METHODS: Full-text journal articles were identified through searches of PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane databases and hand searching of journals. RESULTS: A total of 4,714 articles were retrieved from searching databases; 1,165 were duplicates. Titles and abstracts of 3,549 were screened, with 171 being selected for full-text review...
April 11, 2018: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29653296/the-role-of-resting-state-eeg-localized-activation-and-central-nervous-system-arousal-in-executive-function-performance-in-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#14
Da-Wei Zhang, Stuart J Johnstone, Steven Roodenrys, Xiangsheng Luo, Hui Li, Encong Wang, Qihua Zhao, Yan Song, Lu Liu, Qiujin Qian, Yufeng Wang, Li Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study explored the relationships between resting-state electroencephalogram (RS-EEG) localized activation and two important types of executive functions (EF) to extend the prognostic utilization of RS-EEG in children with Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (AD/HD). Also, the role of central nervous system (CNS) arousal in the relationships was examined. METHODS: Fifty-eight children with AD/HD participated in the study. RS-EEG localized activation was derived from spectral power differences between EEG in eyes-closed and eyes-open conditions...
March 30, 2018: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652104/the-influence-of-lead-nanoparticles-on-the-morpho-functional-changes-of-rat-liver-during-the-postexposure-period
#15
Vasyl Aleksiichuk, Sergiy Omelchuk, Liudmyla Sokurenko, Rostyslav Kaminsky, Oleksandr Kovalchuk, Yuri Chaikovsky
Lead as any heavy metals may be found in soil, water, air, and is used in everyday life. Once in the body, it causes toxic effect, making the liver, which is one of the main organs of detoxification, suffer. Recently, the study of the action of not only ionic forms of lead, but also its nanoparticles, has become topical. The study aims at determining changes in the liver of rats and biochemical changes in their blood both at late term of exposure to nanoparticles of lead compounds and in the post-exposure period...
April 13, 2018: Microscopy Research and Technique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644888/motor-skill-training-in-musculoskeletal-pain-a-case-report-in-chronic-low-back-pain
#16
Vanessa M Lanier, Catherine E Lang, Linda R Van Dillen
PURPOSE: Low back pain is a chronic condition that limits function. The chief reason individuals with low back pain seek care is difficulty performing functional activities. A novel approach to improving performance of painful and limited functional activities is motor skill training, defined as challenging practice of activities to learn or relearn a skill. The purpose of this report is to describe the design and application of a motor skill training intervention in a 26-year-old man with a 10-year history of low back pain...
April 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627990/the-daily-digital-practice-as-a-form-of-self-care-using-photography-for-everyday-well-being
#17
Liz Brewster, Andrew M Cox
Interest in the connection between involvement in digital communities and well-being has increased as these communities become more commonplace. Specific models of interaction that affect well-being have emerged; here, we examine one of those models, termed 'digital daily practice'. Digital daily practices involve a commitment to doing one thing - exercise, photography and writing - every day and sharing it online. Participants in these practices agree that they provide an unexpected benefit of improving well-being...
April 1, 2018: Health (London)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623146/low-back-pain-among-medical-students-in-belgrade-serbia-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Isidora Vujcic, Nemanja Stojilovic, Eleonora Dubljanin, Nebojsa Ladjevic, Ivana Ladjevic, Sandra Sipetic-Grujicic
Aim: To examine the prevalence of low back pain, to identify self-perceived triggers of low back pain, and to investigate the impact of perceived pain on the daily activities and mood among medical students. Methods: This cross-sectional study enrolled 459 fourth year students at the Faculty of Medicine in Belgrade during December 2014. The anonymous questionnaire was used for data collection. In data analysis, the chi-square test and t -test were used. Results: The lifetime prevalence of low back pain was 75...
2018: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623025/impact-of-powered-knee-ankle-prosthesis-on-low-back-muscle-mechanics-in-transfemoral-amputees-a-case-series
#19
Chandrasekaran Jayaraman, Shenan Hoppe-Ludwig, Susan Deems-Dluhy, Matt McGuire, Chaithanya Mummidisetty, Rachel Siegal, Aileen Naef, Brian E Lawson, Michael Goldfarb, Keith E Gordon, Arun Jayaraman
Regular use of prostheses is critical for individuals with lower limb amputations to achieve everyday mobility, maintain physical and physiological health, and achieve a better quality of life. Use of prostheses is influenced by numerous factors, with prosthetic design playing a critical role in facilitating mobility for an amputee. Thus, prostheses design can either promote biomechanically efficient or inefficient gait behavior. In addition to increased energy expenditure, inefficient gait behavior can expose prosthetic user to an increased risk of secondary musculoskeletal injuries and may eventually lead to rejection of the prosthesis...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621405/searching-for-effective-components-of-cognitive-rehabilitation-for-children-and-adolescents-with-acquired-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#20
Christine Resch, Stefanie Rosema, Petra Hurks, Arend de Kloet, Caroline van Heugten
AIM: Cognitive rehabilitation is of interest after paediatric acquired brain injury (ABI). The present systematic review examined studies investigating cognitive rehabilitation interventions for children with ABI, while focusing on identifying effective components. Components were categorized as (1) metacognition and/or strategy use, (2) (computerized) drill-based exercises, and (3) external aids. METHODS: The databases PubMed (including MEDLINE), PsycInfo, and CINAHL were searched until 22nd June 2017...
April 5, 2018: Brain Injury: [BI]
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