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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441092/self-evaluation-of-quality-of-life-among-patients-receiving-home-parenteral-nutrition-a-validation-study
#1
Miriam Theilla, Ilya Kagan, Karina Chernov, Jonathan Cohen, Ilya Kagan, Pierre Singer
BACKGROUND: Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) can increase survival and quality of life (QOL) in cases of chronic intestinal failure. The present study compares a gold standard-a validated QOL assessment by Baxter et al (hereafter, HPN-QOL)-with a shorter questionnaire for QOL evaluation (hereafter, New QOL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Both questionnaires were completed by 58 patients attending the nutrition clinic of the Rabin Medical Center (Israel). A z score was used to equate means and variances...
April 1, 2017: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435321/a-behavioral-medicine-intervention-for-community-dwelling-older-adults-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sara Cederbom, Eva Denison, Astrid Bergland
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is a major health problem among older adults, particularly those who live alone and/or those who are dependent on formal care. Chronic pain is associated with mobility problems, falls, fear of falling, catastrophizing thoughts, and a lower quality of life. Research shows that physical therapy interventions based on behavioral medicine approaches are beneficial for middle-aged adults with chronic pain. However, there appears to be no previous randomized controlled trials (RCTs) based on this theoretical framework that have examined the effect on older adults with chronic musculoskeletal pain who live alone at home and are dependent on formal care to manage their everyday lives...
2017: Journal of Pain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435282/managing-the-patient-with-osteogenesis-imperfecta-a-multidisciplinary-approach
#3
REVIEW
Caroline Marr, Alison Seasman, Nick Bishop
Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a heterogeneous heritable connective tissue disorder characterized by low bone density. The type and severity of OI are variable. The primary manifestations are fractures, bone deformity, and bone pain, resulting in reduced mobility and function to complete everyday tasks. OI affects not only the physical but also the social and emotional well-being of children, young people, and their families. As such, medical, surgical, and allied health professionals' assessments all play a role in the management of these children...
2017: Journal of Multidisciplinary Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434861/representation-of-multiple-body-parts-in-the-missing-hand-territory-of-congenital-one-handers
#4
Avital Hahamy, Scott N Macdonald, Fiona van den Heiligenberg, Paullina Kieliba, Uzay Emir, Rafael Malach, Heidi Johansen-Berg, Peter Brugger, Jody C Culham, Tamar R Makin
Individuals born without one hand (congenital one-handers) provide a unique model for understanding the relationship between focal reorganization in the sensorimotor cortex and everyday behavior. We previously reported that the missing hand's territory of one-handers becomes utilized by its cortical neighbor (residual arm representation), depending on residual arm usage in daily life to substitute for the missing hand's function [1, 2]. However, the repertoire of compensatory behaviors may involve utilization of other body parts that do not cortically neighbor the hand territory...
April 19, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427970/structured-evaluation-of-glioma-patients-by-an-occupational-therapist-is-our-clinical-examination-enough
#5
Christian Franz Freyschlag, Johannes Kerschbaumer, Daniel Pinggera, Gabriele Bacher, Claudius Thomé
BACKGROUND: Preservation of neurological function is mandatory when offering a surgical intervention to patients with low-grade gliomas (LGG), given that the goal of any treatment is the patient's return to their normal everyday life. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether a structured evaluation by an occupational therapist can reveal deficits that might be overseen in routine clinical examination of patients with a surgically treated LGG. METHODS: 20 patients with radiographically suspected LGG have been examined in a standardized fashion at three stages: pre-, postoperatively and three months thereafter...
April 17, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426395/compassion-fatigue-and-compassion-satisfaction-in-hospice-social-work
#6
Sally B Pelon
As part of the interprofessional team of hospice caregivers, social workers are exposed to multiple stressors, both in their work with dying patients and their families and in functioning as professionals within rapidly changing health care organizations. Ongoing exposure to such stressors prompts concern about the emotional and psychological effect working with people who are dying may have on those who do it. Further, an understanding is needed regarding how hospice social workers interpret the costs and benefits of their work and how they cope with the dying and loss that pervade their everyday work lives...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Social Work in End-of-life & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425220/associations-between-the-transsexual-voice-questionnaire-tvq-mtf-and-self-report-of-voice-femininity-and-acoustic-voice-measures
#7
Georgia Dacakis, Jennifer Oates, Jacinta Douglas
BACKGROUND: The Transsexual Voice Questionnaire (TVQ(MtF) ) was designed to capture the voice-related perceptions of individuals whose gender identity as female is the opposite of their birth-assigned gender (MtF women). Evaluation of the psychometric properties of the TVQ(MtF) is ongoing. AIMS: To investigate associations between TVQ(MtF) scores and (1) self-perceptions of voice femininity and (2) acoustic parameters of voice pitch and voice quality in order to evaluate further the validity of the TVQ(MtF) ...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423371/subjective-technology-adaptivity-predicts-technology-use-in-old-age
#8
Stefan T Kamin, Frieder R Lang, Anja Beyer
BACKGROUND: To date, not much is known about the psychological and motivational factors underlying technology use in late life. What are the interindividual determinants that lead older adults to invest in using technological innovations despite the age-related physiological changes that impose challenges on behavioral plasticity in everyday life? OBJECTIVE: This research explores interindividual differences in subjective technology adaptivity - a general technology-related motivational resource that accounts for technology use in late life...
April 20, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420601/what-older-people-like-to-play-genre-preferences-and-acceptance-of-casual-games
#9
Alvin Chesham, Patric Wyss, René Martin Müri, Urs Peter Mosimann, Tobias Nef
BACKGROUND: In recent computerized cognitive training studies, video games have emerged as a promising tool that can benefit cognitive function and well-being. Whereas most video game training studies have used first-person shooter (FPS) action video games, subsequent studies found that older adults dislike this type of game and generally prefer casual video games (CVGs), which are a subtype of video games that are easy to learn and use simple rules and interfaces. Like other video games, CVGs are organized into genres (eg, puzzle games) based on the rule-directed interaction with the game...
April 18, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419385/development-and-feasibility-of-a-group-based-therapeutic-yoga-program-for-women-with-chronic-pelvic-pain
#10
Alison J Huang, Tami S Rowen, Priscilla Abercrombie, Leslee L Subak, Michael Schembri, Traci Plaut, Maria T Chao
Objective.:  To develop a group-based therapeutic yoga program for women with chronic pelvic pain (CPP) and explore the effects of this program on pain severity, sexual function, and well-being. Methods.:  A yoga therapy program for CPP was developed by a multidisciplinary panel of clinicians, researchers, and yoga consultants. Women reporting moderate to severe pelvic pain for at least six months were recruited into a single-arm trial. Participants attended twice weekly group classes focusing on Iyengar-based yoga techniques and were instructed to practice yoga at home an hour a week for six weeks...
April 15, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417971/greater-cerebellar-gray-matter-volume-in-car-drivers-an-exploratory-voxel-based-morphometry-study
#11
Hiroyuki Sakai, Takafumi Ando, Norihiro Sadato, Yuji Uchiyama
Previous functional neuroimaging studies have identified multiple brain areas associated with distinct aspects of car driving in simulated traffic environments. Few studies, however, have examined brain morphology associated with everyday car-driving experience in real traffic. Thus, the aim of the current study was to identify gray matter volume differences between drivers and non-drivers. We collected T1-weighted structural brain images from 73 healthy young adults (36 drivers and 37 non-drivers). We performed a whole-brain voxel-based morphometry analysis to examine between-group differences in regional gray matter volume...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402254/vegetables-and-fruit-as-a-source-of-bioactive-substances-and-impact-on-memory-and-cognitive-function-of-elderly
#12
Monika A Zielińska, Agata Białecka, Barbara Pietruszka, Jadwiga Hamułka
The phenomenon of population aging is not only associated with an increase in the number and proportion of older people in society, but also with an increase in the incidence of cognitive impairment. This can impair the functioning of the elderly in everyday life, work and social life participation and impair their quality of life. Hence, it is important to identify the protective factors. Neurodegenerative changes are closely linked to inflammatory processes and oxidative stress. Diet is of great importance, with particular attention being paid to the adequate intake of fruits and vegetables, due to their proven health benefits...
April 12, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399475/everyday-functional-ability-in-hiv-and-methamphetamine-dependence
#13
Arpi Minassian, Brook L Henry, Jennifer E Iudicello, Erin E Morgan, Scott L Letendre, Robert K Heaton, William Perry
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (METH) use is a risk factor for the transmission of HIV. Each is associated with neurocognitive impairment and subsequent problems in everyday functioning, yet additive effects of HIV and METH are not consistently observed. This study used the UCSD Performance-Based Skills Assessment (UPSA-2) to assess whether METH use disorder and HIV together resulted in poorer functional outcome than either condition alone. METHOD: Participants in the Translational Methamphetamine AIDS Research Center (TMARC) cohort were stratified based upon HIV infection and METH use disorder: HIV-/METH- (n=49), HIV-/METH+ (n=48), HIV+/METH- (n=37), and HIV+/METH+ (n=38)...
March 28, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398986/living-with-symptoms-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-in-adulthood-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-evidence
#14
Merete B Bjerrum, Preben U Pedersen, Palle Larsen
BACKGROUND: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) relates to four dimensions of behavior: inattentiveness, restlessness, impulsiveness and hyperactivity. Symptoms affect multiple areas of daily life such as academic performance and social functioning. Despite the negative effects of ADHD, people diagnosed with ADHD do not necessarily regard themselves as being impaired. However, it is unclear how adults with ADHD experience and manage their symptoms. OBJECTIVES: To identify and synthesize the best available evidence on how adults experience living with ADHD...
April 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394274/vegetarian-diet-in-chronic-kidney-disease-a-friend-or-foe
#15
REVIEW
Anna Gluba-Brzózka, Beata Franczyk, Jacek Rysz
Healthy diet is highly important, especially in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Proper nutrition provides the energy to perform everyday activities, prevents infection, builds muscle, and helps to prevent kidney disease from getting worse. However, what does a proper diet mean for a CKD patient? Nutrition requirements differ depending on the level of kidney function and the presence of co-morbid conditions, including hypertension, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. The diet of CKD patients should help to slow the rate of progression of kidney failure, reduce uremic toxicity, decrease proteinuria, maintain good nutritional status, and lower the risk of kidney disease-related secondary complications (cardiovascular disease, bone disease, and hypertension)...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393755/chronic-peer-victimization-heightens-neural-sensitivity-to-risk-taking
#16
Eva H Telzer, Michelle E Miernicki, Karen D Rudolph
Although behavioral and experimental studies have shown links between victimization and antisocial behavior, the neural correlates explaining this link are relatively unknown. In the current study, we recruited adolescent girls from a longitudinal study that tracked youths' reports of peer victimization experiences annually from the second through eighth grades. Based on these reports, 46 adolescents were recruited: 25 chronically victimized and 21 nonvictimized. During a functional magnetic resonance imaging scan, participants completed a risk-taking task...
April 10, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393099/reduced-future-oriented-decision-making-in-individuals-with-subjective-cognitive-decline-a-functional-mri-study
#17
Xiaochen Hu, Franziska Uhle, Klaus Fliessbach, Michael Wagner, Ying Han, Bernd Weber, Frank Jessen
INTRODUCTION: Subjective cognitive decline (SCD) refers to an at-risk state of Alzheimer's disease and subtle cognitive deficits that have been observed in this condition. Currently, it is unknown whether complex cognitive processes relevant to everyday life, such as future-oriented choice behavior, are also altered in SCD. METHODS: Twenty SCD participants and 24 control (CO) participants took part in a functional magnetic resonance imaging task on intertemporal decisions, with and without simultaneous episodic future imagination...
2017: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390970/transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-can-enhance-working-memory-in-huntington-s-disease
#18
Clare M Eddy, Kimron Shapiro, Andrew Clouter, Peter C Hansen, Hugh E Rickards
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) combined with a cognitive task can enhance targeted aspects of cognitive functioning in clinical populations. The movement disorder Huntington's disease (HD) is associated with progressive cognitive impairment. Deficits in working memory (WM) can be apparent early in the disease and impact functional capacity. We investigated whether tDCS combined with cognitive training could improve WM in patients with HD, and if baseline clinical or cognitive measures may predict efficacy...
April 5, 2017: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28389109/problem-solving-following-traumatic-brain-injury-in-adolescence-associations-with-functional-outcomes
#19
Shari L Wade, Amy E Cassedy, Lauren E Fulks, H Gerry Taylor, Terry Stancin, Michael W Kirkwood, Keith O Yeates, Brad G Kurowski
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of problem solving with functioning in youth with traumatic brain injury (TBI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional evaluation of pre-treatment data from a randomized clinical trial. SETTING: Four children's hospitals and one general hospital, with level 1 trauma units. PARTICIPANTS: Youth, ages 11 to 18, who sustained moderate or severe TBI in the past 18 months (n = 133). MAIN OUTCOME AND MEASURES: Problem-solving skills were assessed using the Social Problem Solving Inventory (SPSI) and the Dodge Social Information Processing Short Stories (SIP-SR)...
April 4, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386226/limited-effects-of-set-shifting-training-in-healthy-older-adults
#20
Petra Grönholm-Nyman, Anna Soveri, Juha O Rinne, Emilia Ek, Alexandra Nyholm, Anna Stigsdotter Neely, Matti Laine
Our ability to flexibly shift between tasks or task sets declines in older age. As this decline may have adverse effects on everyday life of elderly people, it is of interest to study whether set shifting ability can be trained, and if training effects generalize to other cognitive tasks. Here, we report a randomized controlled trial where healthy older adults trained set shifting with three different set shifting tasks. The training group (n = 17) performed adaptive set shifting training for 5 weeks with three training sessions a week (45 min/session), while the active control group (n = 16) played three different computer games for the same period...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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