Read by QxMD icon Read

Everyday functioning

John C Sheehan, Kimberly A Kerns, Ulrich Müller
OBJECTIVE: Planning is an important executive function (EF) skill that is fundamental to the capacity to achieve everyday goals that require a series of intermediate steps. This study examined the effect of preterm birth on planning skills in early and middle childhood using Tower problems that made different cognitive workload demands. METHOD: We administered a novel touchscreen Tower of Hanoi task (Monkey Tree Task; MTT) in three age cohorts (3, 6, and 9 years) to 485 children born between 2000 and 2010 (105 extremely low birth weight [ELBW], 248 late preterm [LP], and 132 term-born [Term])...
October 18, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Stefan Stefanovic, Markus Wallwiener, Uros Karic, Christoph Domschke, Luka Katic, Florin-Andrei Taran, Aleksandra Pesic, Andreas Hartkopf, Peyman Hadji, Martin Teufel, Florian Schuetz, Christof Sohn, Peter Fasching, Andreas Schneeweiss, Sara Brucker
PURPOSE: The capture of adequate treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL) of advanced breast cancer patients in clinical routine represents a great challenge. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are data elements directly reported by patients about experiences with care, including symptoms, functional status, or quality of life. There is growing interest in the medical community for the evaluation and implementation of PROs of adverse events (PRO-AEs). Recent interest in PROs in health care has evolved in the context of patient centeredness...
October 17, 2016: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Susanna Whitling, Viveka Lyberg-Åhlander, Roland Rydell
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the vocal behavior and self-assessed vocal health in women with varying everyday vocal load and functional voice problems, including patients with functional dysphonia, in three conditions: work, leisure, and a vocal loading task (VLT). STUDY DESIGN: This is a longitudinal controlled, clinical trial. METHODS: Fifty (n = 50) female subjects were tracked during 7 days' voice accumulation accompanied by a voice health questionnaire, containing general assessments with visual analogue scale and specific voice health questions...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Andreas Bender, Christine Adrion, Luzia Fischer, Martin Huber, Kerstin Jawny, Andreas Straube, Ulrich Mansmann
BACKGROUND: Patients with acquired brain injury who have been discharged from inpatient neurological rehabilitation often continue to suffer from limited independence, participation, and quality of life. Participation-focused outpatient treatment (in German: teilhabeorientierte ambulan. METHODS: In a randomized, controlled trial, 53 patients who had sustained an acquired brain injury approximately four years earlier were allotted to two different sequences of treatment (26 TEAM/control, 27 control/TEAM)...
September 23, 2016: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
Max Wolff, Klaus-Martin Krönke, John Venz, Anja Kräplin, Gerhard Bühringer, Michael N Smolka, Thomas Goschke
Self-control is commonly assumed to depend on executive functions (EFs). However, it is unclear whether real-life self-control failures result from deficient EF competencies or rather reflect insufficient conflict-induced mobilization of executive control, and whether self-control depends more critically on function-specific EF competencies or general executive functioning (GEF), that is, common competencies that underlie all EFs. Here we investigated whether failure-related action versus state orientation, a personality trait related to the conflict-induced mobilization of cognitive control, moderates the effect of general and function-specific control competencies on self-control...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Magdalena Andrzejczak-Karbowska, Robert Irzmański
: Chronic heart failure (CHF), despite the preventive measures taken is the most common problem of modern cardiology. The aging of the body predisposes to the development of PNS, because qualitative changes taking place in the heart of the patient in the elderly are similar to those occurring among patients with heart failure. A growing problem of eldery patients becomes a deterioration of physical fitness leading to the reduction of activity and sedentary lifestyle. There is no doubt that increasing physical activity in the elderly should aim not only to restore the patient to a previous level of functioning, but also improve their physical resources to a higher level of efficiency and to facilitate independent functioning in everyday life...
July 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Tommaso Gili, Valentina Fiori, Giada De Pasquale, Umberto Sabatini, Carlo Caltagirone, Paola Marangolo
Recent studies have shown that the systematic and repetitive observation of actions belonging to the experiential human motor repertoire without verbal facilitation enhances the recovery of verbs in non fluent aphasia. However, it is still an open question whether this approach extends its efficacy also on discourse productivity by improving the retrieval of other linguistic units (i.e. nouns, sentences, content words). Moreover, nothing is known regarding the neural substrates which support the language recovery process due to action observation treatment...
October 12, 2016: Brain Imaging and Behavior
Daniel Kaiser, Nikolaas N Oosterhof, Marius V Peelen
: The human visual system can only represent a small subset of the many objects present in cluttered scenes at any given time, such that objects compete for representation. Despite these processing limitations, the detection of object categories in cluttered natural scenes is remarkably rapid. How does the brain efficiently select goal-relevant objects from cluttered scenes? In the present study, we used multivariate decoding of magneto-encephalography (MEG) data to track the neural representation of within-scene objects as a function of top-down attentional set...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
N Gerdes, E Farin
Objective: Taking Fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) as an example, the article illustrates a problem that to our knowledge has not been addressed in rehabilitation research so far: According to our large dataset, a sizeable proportion of patients had to be sent home with extremely severe burdens (<2(nd) percentile in the normal population) at discharge - in spite of good improvements during their stay. Data and methods: Since 2009, patients in the RehaKlinikum Bad Säckingen, an in-patient rehab center for orthopedic-rheumatic diseases, answer the questionnaire "Indicators of Rehabilitation Status" (IRES) at the beginning and the end of their stay...
October 2016: Die Rehabilitation
Marie Geurten, Steve Majerus, Caroline Lejeune, Corinne Catale
We present a new measure of everyday memory, the Questionnaire of Memory (Q-MEM), which is specifically adapted for the ecological assessment of memory disorders in school-age children and constructed with four sections tapping effortful/intentional learning, automatic/procedural learning, prospective memory/organization, and working memory. Confirmatory Factor Analyses supported the Q-MEM's four-factor structure in 700 five-to twelve-year-old children. The analyses also revealed a good internal reliability and a good test-retest fidelity...
October 11, 2016: Applied Neuropsychology. Child
Amber Sousa, Jesus J Gomar, J Daniel Ragland, Concepcion Conejero-Goldberg, Justin Buthorn, Lynda Keehlisen, Ted E Huey, Jeremy Koppel, Marc L Gordon, Erica Christen, Terry E Goldberg
BACKGROUND: The Relational and Item-Specific Encoding task (RISE) measures episodic memory subcomponents, including item-specific and relational encoding of to-be-remembered stimuli. These memory components are neurobiologically relevant because they may engage distinct subregions of the medial temporal lobe, perirhinal and entorhinal cortices, parahippocampus, and hippocampus. METHODS: A total of 125 participants, including 84 healthy controls (HC), 22 mild cognitive impairment-diagnosed and 19 Alzheimer disease (AD)-diagnosed participants, were administered the RISE and neuropsychological measures...
October 11, 2016: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
Ye Zhang, Jun Zhang, Shenyue Zhu, Changhui Du, Wei Zhang
INTRODUCTION: We investigated the prevalence rates for probable PTSD and used generalized estimating equations to identify risk factors for probable PTSD in children and adolescents exposed to the Lushan earthquake. METHODS: A total of 1623 participants completed 3 assessments, including the Children's Revised Impact of Event Scale, at 2 weeks, 3, and 6 months after experiencing the Lushan earthquake. Additionally, demographic variables and variables related to everyday functioning were evaluated at 2 weeks after the earthquake via a self-constructed questionnaire...
October 10, 2016: Asia-Pacific Psychiatry: Official Journal of the Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists
Daniel J Simons, Walter R Boot, Neil Charness, Susan E Gathercole, Christopher F Chabris, David Z Hambrick, Elizabeth A L Stine-Morrow
In 2014, two groups of scientists published open letters on the efficacy of brain-training interventions, or "brain games," for improving cognition. The first letter, a consensus statement from an international group of more than 70 scientists, claimed that brain games do not provide a scientifically grounded way to improve cognitive functioning or to stave off cognitive decline. Several months later, an international group of 133 scientists and practitioners countered that the literature is replete with demonstrations of the benefits of brain training for a wide variety of cognitive and everyday activities...
October 2016: Psychological Science in the Public Interest: a Journal of the American Psychological Society
C Morin, C Ursu, C Delecourt
INTRODUCTION: The everyday life of a non-ambulatory adolescent or young adult with cerebral palsy can be severely impaired by a painful or stiff hip. The usual surgical solutions such as proximal femoral resection (PFR) are not entirely satisfactory for pain relief, and are mutilating. HYPOTHESIS: A retrospective study assessed the impact of total hip replacement (THR) on such impairment, on the hypothesis that it is more effective than PFR in relieving pain, without aggravating disability...
September 30, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Tomoyuki Shirai, Jianqing Wang, Mayumi Kawabe, Kanako Wake, So-Ichi Watanabe, Satoru Takahashi, Osamu Fujiwara
In everyday life, people are exposed to radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (EMFs) with multiple frequencies. To evaluate the possible adverse effects of multifrequency RF EMFs, we performed an experiment in which pregnant rats and their delivered offspring were simultaneously exposed to eight different communication signal EMFs (two of 800 MHz band, two of 2 GHz band, one of 2.4 GHz band, two of 2.5 GHz band and one of 5.2 GHz band). Thirty six pregnant Sprague-Dawley (SD) 10-week-old rats were divided into three groups of 12 rats: one control (sham exposure) group and two experimental (low- and high-level RF EMF exposure) groups...
September 21, 2016: Journal of Radiation Research
Danielle Cornacchio, Amy E Pinkham, David L Penn, Philip D Harvey
Patients with severe mental illnesses manifest substantial deficits in self-assessment of the abilities that impact everyday functioning. This study compares patients with schizophrenia to healthy individuals on their social cognitive performance, their assessment of that performance, and the convergence between performance and indicators of effort in solving tasks. Patients with schizophrenia (n=57) and healthy controls (HC; n=47) completed the Bell-Lysaker Emotion Recognition Test (BLERT), a psychometrically sound assessment of emotion recognition...
September 29, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
A Richard Kitching, Joshua D Ooi
The generation of inbred mouse strains in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, coupled with the later establishment of specific pathogen-free animal research facilities created a powerful biological platform for exploration of the immune system in health and disease. Studies in this setting have been responsible for huge advances in our understanding of immunobiology and disease, including immune-mediated kidney disease. However, whereas this reductionist and relatively standardized approach allows us to make sense of complex disease biology, it takes place in controlled environments that clearly differ from those that we humans encounter in everyday life...
September 28, 2016: Kidney International
Anna Karin Andersson, Lene Martin, Katarina Strand Brodd, Lena Almqvist
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2016: Early Human Development
Jyoti Savla, Zhe Wang, Karen A Roberto, Rosemary Blieszner
Introduction: An emerging perspective of dyadic coping with chronic illness argues that concordance in the appraisal of illness is crucial for collaborative attempts at seeking information, making treatment decisions, and planning for long-term management of the illness and psychological and physical adjustments of both the care provider and care recipient. The present study examined whether persons with mild cognitive impairment (PwMCIs) and their family care partners (CPs) exhibited concordance in their awareness of deficits in the PwMCIs...
September 29, 2016: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
Cesare R Sirtori, Fabien Labombarda, Samuela Castelnuovo, Rebecca Perry
In the Western world there are now millions of patients who undergo clinical procedures that evaluate coronary artery status each year. Methods span from direct imaging using angiography, computerized tomography, to nuclear magnetic imaging as well as to functional studies, such as positron emission tomography. These techniques have provided significant information to physicians, but there is still need for an improved accessibility. Angiographic methods are expensive and expose the patient to significant amounts of radiation, undesirable in younger patients...
September 29, 2016: Annals of Medicine
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"