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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925741/endophthalmitis-following-strabismus-surgery-iposc-global-study
#1
Ofira Zloto, Eedy Mezer, Luis Ospina, Branislav Stankovic, Tamara Wygnanski-Jaffe
PURPOSE: To examine the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery (PSSE), the characteristics of the strabismus surgery, treatment, and prognosis as reported by pediatric ophthalmologists who are members of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus (AAOPS) around the world. METHODS: An email communication was sent to all members of AAPOS. The email included a web link to a survey that included 34 questions that examined the characteristics of patients with endophthalmitis after strabismus surgery...
September 19, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925316/objective-assessment-of-technical-skills-in-otorhinolaryngology-head-and-neck-surgery-residents-a-systematic-review
#2
Érika Mercier, Ségolène Chagnon-Monarque, François Lavigne, Tareck Ayad
Objectives The primary goal is the indexation of validated methods used to assess surgical competency in otorhinolaryngology-head and neck surgery (ORL-HNS) residents. Secondary goals include assessment of the reliability and validity of these tools, as well as the documentation of specific procedures in ORL-HNS involved. Data Sources MEDBASE, OVID, Medline, CINAHL, and EBM, as well as the printed references, available through the Université de Montréal library. Review Methods The PRISMA method was used to review digital and printed databases...
September 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925237/above-and-beyond-a-primer-for-young-surgeons-interested-in-global-surgery
#3
Paula Ferrada, Joseph V Sakran, Joe Dubose, Ashley Vergis, Gregory Peck, Adnan Alseidi, Jacob Moalem, Girma Tefera, Patricia L Turner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Bulletin of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924402/breaking-international-barriers-colorectalsurgery-is-globalsurgery
#4
REVIEW
Julio Mayol, Jaime Otero
Colorectal surgeons have lagged behind other professionals in the use of social media. Currently, Twitter is the most widely utilized social platform for professional purposes among them. Connection and contagion are the two key actions that, together with immediate feedback and quantifiable impact, favor the use of Twitter over other social networks. In early 2016, a group of colorectal surgeons launched the #colorectalsurgery hashtag and, in less than 1 year, the ecosystem has incorporated over 2,600 users that generated over 24,000 tweets and 100 million impressions...
September 2017: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923678/a-case-report-on-gastric-volvulus-of-a-17-years-old-boy-from-bangladesh
#5
M Tasdik Hasan, S M Tajdit Rahman, Hasan M Shihab, Hassan Rushekh Mahmood, Tanni Chowdhury, Quamrul Akhtar Sanju
INTRODUCTION: Gastric volvulus is a rare and true surgical emergency which is life threatening if not recognized and treated quickly. There have been approximately 300 reported cases globally till now. This condition most often occurs during 5th decade of life but there are over 100 reported pediatric cases also. This following rare incidence was such a case of a young patient in Bangladesh. It was the first case of gastric volvulus managed by the surgery department of the concerned hospital...
September 7, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922228/anesthesia-capacity-in-ghana-a-teaching-hospital-s-resources-and-the-national-workforce-and-education
#6
Mark A Brouillette, Alfred J Aidoo, Maria A Hondras, Nana A Boateng, Akwasi Antwi-Kusi, William Addison, Alec R Hermanson
BACKGROUND: Quality anesthetic care is lacking in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Global health leaders call for perioperative capacity reports in limited-resource settings to guide improved health care initiatives. We describe a teaching hospital's resources and the national workforce and education in this LMIC capacity report. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted at Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital (KATH) in Kumasi, Ghana, during 4 weeks in August 2016...
September 14, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922208/patient-centered-outcome-spectrum-an-evidence-based-framework-to-aid-in-shared-decision-making
#7
Angela M Ingraham, Suresh K Agarwal, Hee Soo Jung, Amy E Liepert, Ann P O'Rourke, John E Scarborough
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to develop an alternate construct for reporting anticipated outcomes after emergency general surgery (EGS) that presents risk in terms of a composite measure. BACKGROUND: Currently available prediction tools generate risk outputs for discrete as opposed to composite measures of postoperative outcomes. A construct to synthesize multiple discrete estimates into a global understanding of a patient's likely postoperative health status is lacking and could augment shared decision-making conversations...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922205/impact-of-advanced-age-on-survival-in-patients-undergoing-resection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-report-of-a-japanese-nationwide-survey
#8
Masaki Kaibori, Kengo Yoshii, Isao Yokota, Kiyoshi Hasegawa, Fumio Nagashima, Shoji Kubo, Masanori Kon, Namiki Izumi, Masumi Kadoya, Masatoshi Kudo, Takashi Kumada, Michiie Sakamoto, Osamu Nakashima, Yutaka Matsuyama, Tadatoshi Takayama, Norihiro Kokudo
OBJECTIVE: The impact of age on survival after hepatic resection for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has not been thoroughly examined. We reviewed the data of a nationwide follow-up survey to determine the outcomes of hepatectomy for HCC in elderly patients. BACKGROUND: Management of malignant diseases in elderly patients has become a global clinical issue because of the increased life expectancy worldwide. Advancements in surgical techniques and perioperative management have reduced age-related contraindications for liver surgery...
September 15, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919087/outcomes-of-restrictive-versus-liberal-transfusion-strategies-in-older-adults-from-nine-randomised-controlled-trials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Geoff I Simon, Alison Craswell, Ogilvie Thom, Yoke Lin Fung
BACKGROUND: Guidelines for patient blood management recommend restrictive transfusion practice for most adult patients. These guidelines are supported by evidence from randomised controlled trials (RCTs); however, one of the patient groups not explicitly examined in these studies is the geriatric population. We examined RCTs relevant to transfusion outcomes in older patients. Our aim was to determine whether special guidelines are warranted for geriatric patients, recognising the different pathophysiological characteristics of this group...
September 11, 2017: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918999/diagnosis-of-ehlers-danlos-syndrome-after-a-first-shoulder-dislocation
#10
Geoffroy Nourissat, Marie Vigan, Claude Hamonet, Levon Doursounian, Julien Deranlot
BACKGROUND: Shoulder dislocation is often the first symptom of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS). Whether it occurs in early-onset EDS is unknown. In most cases, surgical failure leads to the diagnosis. We aimed to determine whether clinical symptoms can signal the presence of EDS at a first dislocation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, we analyzed clinical and radiologic data for 27 patients with EDS and shoulder instability and a control population of 40 consecutive non-EDS patients undergoing surgery for an unstable shoulder...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918958/the-association-for-academic-surgery-2011-present-standing-on-the-shoulders-of-giants
#11
Allison L Speer, Lillian S Kao
The Association for Academic Surgery (AAS), which is a society dedicated to inspiring and developing young academic surgeons, recently celebrated its 50th anniversary. Each decade since its inception has seen incredible growth. This most recent decade, from 2011 to present, has been characterized by: (1) reevaluation and clarification of the society's vision, mission, core values and organizational structure; (2) diversification of the membership and leadership; (3) support for international outreach and global surgery research; (4) expansion of its impact through social media; and (5) adaptability to a changing political climate...
September 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918673/suppression-of-tgf-%C3%AE-1-enhances-chemosensitivity-of-cisplatin-resistant-lung-cancer-cells-through-the-inhibition-of-drug-resistant-proteins
#12
Jin Wang, Yunqing Chen, Fenggang Xiang, Min Li, Hong Li, Jinghua Chi, Keyu Ren
Cisplatin-based chemotherapy is the first-line treatment for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but drug resistance occurs in most patients, leading to treatment failure. Recent studies have shown that epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is associated with drug resistance. However, the underlying mechanism is not entirely clear. In this study, first we showed significant positive correlation between the expression of ERCCl and vimentin, and significant negative correlation between the ERCCl and E-cadherin in the neoadjuvant chemotherapy group and the simple surgery group...
September 18, 2017: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918186/health-related-quality-of-life-in-melanoma-patients-impact-of-melanoma-related-limb-lymphoedema
#13
Caroline A Gjorup, Mogens Groenvold, Helle W Hendel, Karin Dahlstroem, Krzysztof T Drzewiecki, Tobias W Klausen, Lisbet R Hölmich
AIM: To explore health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in recurrence-free melanoma patients, with a focus on the association between melanoma-related limb lymphoedema and HRQoL. METHODS: HRQoL was evaluated using the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), the breast cancer module (EORTC QLQ-BR23) subscales body image and future perspective, the Functional Assessment for Cancer Therapy-General subscale social/family well-being and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918167/different-nutritional-assessment-tools-as-predictors-of-postoperative-complications-in-patients-undergoing-colorectal-cancer-resection
#14
Sílvia Fernandes Maurício, Jingjie Xiao, Carla M Prado, Maria Cristina Gonzalez, Maria Isabel Toulson Davisson Correia
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition in patients with colorectal cancer contributes to increased postoperative complications. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prognostic value of several nutritional assessment parameters: body mass index versus percentage of weight loss grading system (BMI/%WL); Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA); standardized phase angle (SPA) by BIA; muscle strength by handgrip strength; muscle mass by computerized tomography; and the combination of muscle mass and strength in patients undergoing resection surgery...
September 4, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916417/in-hospital-clinical-outcomes-after-upper-gastrointestinal-surgery-data-from-an-international-observational-study
#15
T Szakmany, J Ditai, M Kirov, D Protsenko, B Osinaike, A Venara, N Demartines, M Hubner, R M Pearse, J R Prowle
AIMS: Previous research suggests that patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal surgery are at high risk of poor postoperative outcomes. The aim of our study was to describe patient outcomes after elective upper gastrointestinal surgery at a global level. METHODS: Prospective analysis of data collected during an international seven-day cohort study of 474 hospitals in 27 countries. Patients undergoing elective upper gastrointestinal surgery were recruited. Outcome measures were in-hospital complications and mortality at 30-days...
August 18, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914116/defining-a-core-outcome-set-for-adolescent-and-young-adult-patients-with-a-spinal-deformity
#16
Marinus de Kleuver, Sayf S A Faraj, Roderick M Holewijn, Niccole M Germscheid, Raphael D Adobor, Mikkel Andersen, Hans Tropp, Benny Dahl, Heli Keskinen, Anders Olai, David W Polly, Miranda L van Hooff, Tsjitske M Haanstra
Background and purpose - Routine outcome measurement has been shown to improve performance in several fields of healthcare. National spine surgery registries have been initiated in 5 Nordic countries. However, there is no agreement on which outcomes are essential to measure for adolescent and young adult patients with a spinal deformity. The aim of this study was to develop a core outcome set (COS) that will facilitate benchmarking within and between the 5 countries of the Nordic Spinal Deformity Society (NSDS) and other registries worldwide...
September 15, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906072/it-just-made-me-feel-so-desolate-patients-narratives-of-weight-gain-following-laparoscopic-insertion-of-a-gastric-band
#17
Frances Marjorie May Lloyd, Alistair Hewison, Nikolaos Efstathiou
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To describe the experiences of patients who have failed to maintain weight loss following the insertion of a Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band (LAGB) for the treatment of morbid obesity. BACKGROUND: Obesity is a global health problem resulting in physical, psychological and economic problems, and presenting challenges for health services. Surgical intervention is an increasingly common approach to treatment, however some patients do not sustain their weight loss following bariatric surgery and little is known about people's longer-term experiences following LAGB insertion...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904703/patient-satisfaction-with-the-perioperative-surgical-services-and-associated-factors-at-a-university-referral-and-teaching-hospital-2014-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Endale Gebreegziabher Gebremedhn, Girmay Fitiwi Lemma
INTRODUCTION: Globally, increasing consideration has been given to the assessment of patient satisfaction as a method of monitor of the quality of health care provision in the health institutions. Perioperative patient satisfaction has been contemplated to be related with the level of postoperative pain intensity, patients' expectation of the outcome, patient health provider relationship, inpatient services, hospital facilities, access to care, waiting time, cost and helpfulness of treatments received...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903552/impact-of-body-mass-index-on-the-quality-of-life-after-total-gastrectomy-for-gastric-cancer
#19
Ki Bum Park, Ji Yeon Park, Seung Soo Lee, Oh Kyoung Kwon, Ho Young Chung, Wansik Yu
Purpose: We evaluated the impact of postoperative body mass index (BMI) shifts on the quality of life (QoL) following total gastrectomy in patients with gastric cancer. Methods and Methods: QoL data collected from the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) QLQ-C30 and QLQ-STO22 questionnaires were obtained from 417 patients preoperatively and 1 year after surgery. Patients were divided into two groups based on changes in BMI: group 1 comprised patients whose BMI range category dropped, and group 2 included patients who maintained or rose to a higher category compared to their preoperative BMI category...
September 13, 2017: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902106/fine-tuning-the-predictive-model-for-proximal-junctional-failure-in-surgically-treated-patients-with-adult-spinal-deformity
#20
Mitsuru Yagi, Nobuyuki Fujita, Eijiro Okada, Osahiko Tsuji, Narihito Nagoshi, Takashi Asazuma, Ken Ishii, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Kota Watanabe
STUDY DESIGN: Multi-center retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To validate and improve the predictive model for proximal junctional failure (PJF) with or without the bone mineral density (BMD) score. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: PJF is a serious complication of surgery for adult spinal deformity (ADS). A predictive model for PJF was recently reported that has good accuracy, but does not include BMD, a known PJF risk factor, as a variable. METHODS: We included 145 surgically treated ASD patients who were older than 50 at the time of surgery and had been followed up for at least 2 years...
September 8, 2017: Spine
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