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Cognitive neuropsychology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917203/cognitive-behavioral-correlates-of-proxy-reports-on-cognitive-capabilities-in-pediatric-patients-with-epilepsy
#1
Christoph Helmstaedter, Renata Vaz Pandolfo, Christian Hoppe, Juri-Alexander Witt
PURPOSE: To validate the Cognitive Problems in Children and Adolescents Questionnaire (KOPKIJ, German: Kognitive Probleme bei Kindern und Jugendlichen), a proxy report measure for recognizing cognitive problems in pediatric patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Anonymized data sets from 279 pediatric epilepsy patients were standardized in regard to the KOPKIJ results of 352 healthy children and adolescents. The KOPKIJ was related to objective routine neuropsychological assessment (NPY), and to two subjective measures, the Child Behavior Checklist questionnaire (CBCL), a proxy rating by the parents, and a questionnaire for self-perceived health-related quality of life in children and adolescents (KINDL)...
September 6, 2017: Seizure: the Journal of the British Epilepsy Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914403/self-transformation-at-the-boundary-of-religious-conversion-and-psychosis
#2
Szabolcs Kéri
The relationship between religious conversion, as a form of spiritual emergency, and psychosis is one of the fundamental issues at the meeting point of theology and clinical psychology. In the present study, we assessed 53 individuals referred to a psychiatry center with the initial diagnosis of a psychotic episode by focusing on the clinical diagnosis (psychosis vs. spiritual emergency), subjective experiences (basic symptoms), and neuropsychological functions. Twenty-nine individuals meet the diagnosis of schizophrenia-spectrum disorders, but 24 persons experienced only religious and spiritual problems (religious conversion)...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914216/-driving-with-alzheimer-s-disease
#3
M Jacobs, E P 't Hart, R A C Roos
OBJECTIVE: To summarise the available literature on driving with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and to investigate the relationship between driving and cognitive functioning. DESIGN: Literature review. METHOD: A systematic search of the electronic databases PubMed/MEDLINE was conducted to select the relevant literature on the driving competence of patients with Alzheimer's disease. RESULTS: A total of 31 studies were selected that investigated driving competence in AD using either an on-road driving assessment or a driving simulator...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914150/a-computerized-test-for-the-assessment-of-mild-cognitive-impairment-subtypes-in-sentence-processing
#4
Sofia Segkouli, Ioannis Paliokas, Dimitrios Tzovaras, Ioulietta Lazarou, Charalampos Karagiannidis, Filippos Vlachos, Magda Tsolaki
This study examines thesentence processing ability of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) subtypes. In addition to standard MCI neuropsychological tests, an experimental approach was applied to assess language. 133 people (93 MCI/40 controls) participated in novel computerized sentence processing tasks. Results presented statistically significant differences between MCI/controls andMCI subtypes (ANOVA):(a) duration F(2,92) = 19.259,p < .001) in sentence construction; (b) correct answers (F(2, 89) = 8.560,p < ...
September 15, 2017: Neuropsychology, Development, and Cognition. Section B, Aging, Neuropsychology and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912995/coprophagia-and-entomophagia-in-a-patient-with-alcohol-related-dementia
#5
João B Fonseca, Pedro Morgado
Coprophagia and entomophagia are two phenomena not commonly reported in the medical literature and their occurrence is usually associated with mental disorders. We present the case of a 59-year-old man with a history of alcohol abuse who was evaluated due to cognitive deterioration and disturbed eating habits including feces and living insects. Organic causes were ruled out and an important cognitive impairment became evident on neuropsychological formal test. The behavior remitted after antipsychotic pharmacologic therapy and alcohol detoxification, leaving the diagnostic impression of alcohol related dementia...
2017: Case Reports in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912737/neuropsychological-profile-of-specific-executive-dysfunctions-in-patients-with-deficit-and-non-deficit-schizophrenia
#6
Ernest Tyburski, Justyna Pełka-Wysiecka, Monika Mak, Agnieszka Samochowiec, Przemysław Bieńkowski, Jerzy Samochowiec
Objectives: Although it has been shown that there are more profound deficits present in deficit schizophrenia (DS) patients than in non-deficit schizophrenia (NDS) patients, there still remain some matters requiring further investigation. In this context, we formulated three research aims: (1) to compare executive functions between the investigated groups, (2) to determine the relationship between particular aspects of executive functions within the groups, and (3) to draw up a neuropsychological profile for executive functions...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912625/cognitive-impairment-in-relapsing-remitting-multiple-sclerosis-patients-with-very-mild-clinical-disability
#7
S Migliore, A Ghazaryan, I Simonelli, P Pasqualetti, F Squitieri, G Curcio, D Landi, M G Palmieri, F Moffa, M M Filippi, F Vernieri
Cognitive dysfunction affects 40-65% of multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and can occur in the early stages of the disease. This study aimed to explore cognitive functions by means of the Italian version of the minimal assessment of cognitive function in MS (MACFIMS) in relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS) patients with very mild clinical disability to identify the primarily involved cognitive functions. Ninety-two consecutive RRMS patients with Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) scores ≤ 2.5 and forty-two healthy controls (HC) were investigated...
2017: Behavioural Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912439/association-between-cognitive-deficits-and-suicidal-ideation-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#8
Shenghong Pu, Shiori Setoyama, Takamasa Noda
The role of cognitive function in suicidal ideation in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) has not been adequately explored. This research sought to measure the relationship between suicidal ideation and cognitive function. Therefore, in this study, the association between cognitive function and suicidal ideation in patients with MDD was assessed. Cognitive function was evaluated in 233 patients with MDD using the Japanese version of the Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS). Suicidal ideation was assessed using item 3 of the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale...
September 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912150/-18-f-fdg-pet-in-parkinsonism-differential-diagnosis-and-cognitive-impairment-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Philipp T Meyer, Lars Frings, Gerta Rücker, Sabine Hellwig
Accurate differential diagnosis of parkinsonism is of a paramount therapeutic and prognostic importance. In addition, with the development of invasive therapies and novel disease-specific therapies, strategies for patient enrichment in trial populations are of growing importance. Imaging disease-specific patterns of regional glucose metabolism with positron emission tomography and [(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-2-D-glucose ((18)F-FDG) allows for a highly accurate distinction between Parkinson's disease (PD) and atypical parkinsonian syndromes (APS) including multiple system atrophy (MSA), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal degeneration (CBD)...
September 14, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906586/equivalent-linear-change-in-cognition-between-individuals-with-bipolar-disorder-and-healthy-controls-over-5%C3%A2-years
#10
Kelly A Ryan, Shervin Assari, Kaley Angers, David F Marshall, Kristin Hinrichs, Rebecca Easter, Pallavi Babu, Bethany D Pester, Scott A Langenecker, Melvin G McInnis
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive dysfunction is a key feature of bipolar disorder (BD). However, not much is known about its temporal stability, as some studies have demonstrated a neurodegenerative model in BD while others have shown no change in cognitive functioning over time. Building upon our prior work, which examined the natural course of executive functioning, the current study aimed to investigate the natural course of memory, emotion processing, and fine motor dexterity over a 5-year period in BD and healthy control (HC) samples...
September 14, 2017: Bipolar Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28906170/developmental-graphemic-buffer-dysgraphia-in-english-a-single-case-study
#11
Kristina Barisic, Saskia Kohnen, Lyndsey Nickels
A single case study is reported of a 10-year-old, English-speaking boy, L.S., who presented with spelling errors similar to those described in acquired graphemic buffer dysgraphia (GBD). We used this case to evaluate the appropriateness of applying adult cognitive models to the investigation of developmental cognitive disorders. The dual-route model of spelling guided this investigation. L.S. primarily made "letter errors" (deletions, additions, substitutions, transpositions, or a combination of these errors) on words and nonwords and in all input (aural and visual) and output modalities (writing, typing, oral spelling); there was also some evidence of a length effect and U-shaped serial position curve...
September 14, 2017: Cognitive Neuropsychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905640/neurobiological-mechanisms-of-exercise-and-psychotherapy-in-depression-the-speed-study-rationale-design-and-methodological-issues
#12
Stephan Heinzel, Michael A Rapp, Thomas Fydrich, Andreas Ströhle, Christina Terán, Gunnar Kallies, Melanie Schwefel, Andreas Heissel
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Even though cognitive behavioral therapy has become a relatively effective treatment for major depressive disorder and cognitive behavioral therapy-related changes of dysfunctional neural activations were shown in recent studies, remission rates still remain at an insufficient level. Therefore, the implementation of effective augmentation strategies is needed. In recent meta-analyses, exercise therapy (especially endurance exercise) was reported to be an effective intervention in major depressive disorder...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Trials: Journal of the Society for Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904508/changes-in-cognitive-function-in-patients-with-primary-insomnia
#13
Hui Guo, Meijie Wei, Wantao Ding
BACKGROUND: Neuropsychological evidence is not sufficient concerning whether there is cognitive impairment in patients with primary insomnia. Further study is needed in this regard. AIMS: To measure the changes in cognitive functioning in patients with primary insomnia. METHODS: 40 patients with insomnia (insomnia group) and 48 normal sleepers (control group) were tested using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), episodic memory test, and Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA)...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904086/cognitive-trajectories-over-4-years-among-hiv-infected-women-with-optimal-viral-suppression
#14
Leah H Rubin, Pauline M Maki, Gayle Springer, Lorie Benning, Kathryn Anastos, Deborah Gustafson, Maria C Villacres, Xiong Jiang, Adaora A Adimora, Drenna Waldrop-Valverde, David E Vance, Hector Bolivar, Christine Alden, Eileen M Martin, Victor G Valcour
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether persistent viral suppression alters cognitive trajectories among HIV-infected (HIV+) women on combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) by investigating performance longitudinally in uninfected (HIV-) and 3 groups of HIV+ women: those with consistent viral suppression after continuous cART use (VS), those without consistent virologic suppression despite continuous cART use (NVS), and those without consistent virologic suppression after intermittent cART use (Int NVS)...
September 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903621/virtual-environments-as-an-assessment-modality-with-pediatric-asd-populations-a-brief-report
#15
Tyler C Duffield, Thomas D Parsons, Allisen Landry, Shaza Karam, Tiffany Otero, Sarah Mastel, Trevor A Hall
Virtual environments (VEs) have demonstrated promise as a neuropsychological assessment modality and may be well suited for the evaluation of children suspected of having an autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Some recent studies indicate their potential for enhancing reliability, ecologically validity, and sensitivity over traditional neuropsychological evaluation measures. Although research using VEs with ASD is increasing to the degree that several reviews of the literature have been conducted, the reviews to date lack rigor and are not necessarily specific to cognitive or neuropsychological assessment as many focus on intervention...
September 13, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902679/brief-report-peripheral-monocyte-macrophage-phenotypes-associated-with-the-evolution-of-cognitive-performance-in-hiv-infected-patients
#16
Massimiliano Fabbiani, Antonio Muscatello, Paolo Perseghin, Marco Bani, Arianna Incontri, Nicola Squillace, Giuseppe Lapadula, Andrea Gori, Alessandra Bandera
BACKGROUND: The contribution of monocyte activation in the development of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders is not completely understood. This study aimed to explore the predictive value of peripheral monocyte/macrophage (M/M) phenotypes on the evolution of cognitive performance in a population of virologically suppressed HIV-infected patients. SETTING: Prospective, observational, longitudinal study. METHODS: HIV-1-infected patients with HIV-RNA <50copies/mL for >12 months underwent neuropsychological examination at baseline and after 1 year...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902409/binswanger-s-disease-biomarkers-in-the-inflammatory-form-of-vascular-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#17
REVIEW
Gary A Rosenberg
Vascular cognitive impairment and dementia (VCID) is a major public health concern because of the increased incidence of vascular disease in the aging population and the impact of vascular disease on Alzheimer's disease. VCID is a heterogeneous group of diseases for which there are no proven treatments. Biomarkers can be used to select more homogeneous populations. Small vessel disease is the most prevalent form of VCID and is the optimal form for treatment trials because there is a progressive course with characteristic pathological changes...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Neurochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901576/theory-of-mind-in-spina-bifida-relationship-with-intellectual-and-executive-functioning
#18
Jan Stubberud
This article investigates emotion recognition ability, a central aspect of Theory of Mind (ToM), in a group of individuals with spina bifida myelomeningocele (SBM) experiencing executive function deficits, and examine associations between emotion recognition, and intellectual and executive functioning. A total of 38 adult subjects with SBM were included in this study, participating in a randomized controlled trial evaluating the effects of a cognitive rehabilitation intervention for executive dysfunction. Reading the Mind in the Eyes Test (RMET) was used as a measure of emotion recognition, and neuropsychological tests and questionnaires were utilized as executive function measures...
October 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901547/cognitive-functioning-following-one-year-natalizumab-treatment-a-non-randomized-clinical-trial
#19
I Rorsman, C Petersen, P C Nilsson
OBJECTIVES: Cognitive impairment is common in multiple sclerosis (MS) and can have serious impact on social and occupational functioning. Natalizumab reduces relapse rates, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) lesions, and progression of disability. Previous studies on cognitive functioning have not based inclusion on cognitive performance criteria. The aim of the present study was to determine any potential natalizumab-related cognitive effects on MS patients performing below normal limits on neuropsychological testing...
September 13, 2017: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899759/hippocampal-metabolism-and-prefrontal-brain-structure-a-combined-1h-mr-spectroscopy-neuropsychological-and-voxel-based-morphometry-vbm-study
#20
Johanna Steinke, Christian Gaser, Kerstin Langbein, Maren Dietzek, Alexander Gussew, Jürgen R Reichenbach, Stefan Smesny, Heinrich Sauer, Igor Nenadić
Hippocampal structural and functional integrity impacts on multiple remote areas of the brain, and this connectivity is central to multiple cognitive functions in healthy and disease. We studied associations of hippocampal metabolic markers N-acetyl aspartate (NAA) and glutamate (Glu and Glx; assessed with 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy) and brain grey matter (studied with voxel-based morphometry, VBM) in 20 healthy subjects. We found a significant correlation between right hippocampal NAA and left ventrolateral prefrontal cortical grey matter (TFCE, p<0...
September 9, 2017: Brain Research
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