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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151052/prevalence-of-health-services-usage-and-associated-factors-in-the-amazon-region-of-brazil-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#1
Maria Elizete A Araujo, Marcus T Silva, Tais F Galvao, Mauricio G Pereira
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of healthcare use and associated factors in the Manaus metropolitan region and to describe the reasons for lack of access. DESIGN: Cross-sectional population-based study. SETTING: A survey conducted between May and August of 2015 in eight cities from Manaus metropolitan region, Amazonas, Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: 4001 adults ≥18 years of age. PRIMARY OUTCOMES MEASURES: Physician visits, dentist visits and hospitalisations in the last 12 months were the primary outcomes...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151045/the-physical-and-mental-health-problems-of-refugee-and-migrant-fathers-findings-from-an-australian-population-based-study-of-children-and-their-families
#2
Rebecca Giallo, Elisha Riggs, Claire Lynch, Dannielle Vanpraag, Jane Yelland, Josef Szwarc, Philippa Duell-Piening, Lauren Tyrell, Sue Casey, Stephanie Janne Brown
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to report on the physical and mental health of migrant and refugee fathers participating in a population-based study of Australian children and their families. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey data drawn from a population-based longitudinal study when children were aged 4-5 years. SETTING: Population-based study of Australian children and their families. PARTICIPANTS: 8137 fathers participated in the study when their children were aged 4-5 years...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150783/incidence-of-non-physiologically-complex-surgical-procedures-performed-in-children-an-ontario-population-based-study-of-health-administrative-data
#3
James D O'Leary, Franklin Dexter, David Faraoni, Mark W Crawford
PURPOSE: Quantification of surgical procedures undertaken by hospitals is necessary for informing resource allocation and modelling healthcare services. Our objective was to quantify the incidence, similarity, and diversity of non-physiologically complex surgical procedures performed at pediatric specialist hospitals and other hospitals performing pediatric surgery. METHODS: We conducted a population-based cohort study of children aged 28 days to 18 yr who underwent surgery in the province of Ontario from 2007 to 2015 using healthcare administrative databases...
November 17, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150472/are-food-and-drink-retailers-within-nhs-venues-adhering-to-nice-quality-standard-94-guidance-on-childhood-obesity-a-cross-sectional-study-of-two-large-secondary-care-nhs-hospitals-in-england
#4
Alice James, Laura Birch, Peter Fletcher, Sally Pearson, Catherine Boyce, Andy R Ness, Julian P Hamilton-Shield, Fiona E Lithander
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether the food and drink retail outlets in two major National Health Service (NHS) district general hospitals in England adhere to quality statements 1-3 of the UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) quality standard 94. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive study to assess the food and drink options available in vending machines, restaurants, cafes and shops in two secondary care hospitals. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adherence to quality statement 1 whereby the food and drink items available in the vending machines were classified as either healthy or less healthy using the Nutrient Profiling Model (NPM)...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150463/month-of-birth-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorder-a-retrospective-cohort-of-male-children-born-in-israel
#5
Hila Shalev, Ido Solt, Gabriel Chodick
BACKGROUND: Increased incidence and prevalence of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) over the last two decades have prompted considerable efforts to investigate its aetiological factors. We examined an association between month of birth and ASD incidence. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort of male children born from January 1999 to December 2008 in a large health organisation in Israel (Maccabi Healthcare Services), ASD was followed from birth through December 2015...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149432/ebola-in-the-netherlands-2014-2015-costs-of-preparedness-and-response
#6
Anita W M Suijkerbuijk, Corien M Swaan, Marie-Josee J Mangen, Johan J Polder, Aura Timen, Wilhelmina L M Ruijs
The recent epidemic of Ebola virus disease (EVD) resulted in countries worldwide to prepare for the possibility of having an EVD patient. In this study, we estimate the costs of Ebola preparedness and response borne by the Dutch health system. An activity-based costing method was used, in which the cost of staff time spent in preparedness and response activities was calculated based on a time-recording system and interviews with key professionals at the healthcare organizations involved. In addition, the organizations provided cost information on patient days of hospitalization, laboratory tests, personal protective equipment (PPE), as well as the additional cleaning and disinfection required...
November 17, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149316/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-in-the-formal-and-informal-health-system-responses-to-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes
#7
Olivia Crane, Julie Balen, Bhimsen Devkota, Sudha Ghimire, Simon Rushton
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized for their potential contributions to health service delivery in Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). As well as playing a role in improving the provision of health services under everyday 'normal' circumstances, ICTs can also be important in preparing for, mitigating, responding to and recovering from disasters. This research explores the use of ICTs in a natural disaster situation in Nepal, a country affected by a series of strong earthquakes in 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149181/hospital-utilization-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-in-public-and-private-sectors-under-the-universal-government-health-insurance-scheme-in-chhattisgarh-state-india-lessons-for-universal-health-coverage
#8
Sulakshana Nandi, Helen Schneider, Priyanka Dixit
Research on impact of publicly financed health insurance has paid relatively little attention to the nature of healthcare provision the schemes engage. India's National Health Insurance Scheme or RSBY was made universal by Chhattisgarh State in 2012. In the State, public and private sectors provide hospital services in a context of extensive gender, social, economic and geographical inequities. This study examined enrolment, utilization (public and private) and out of pocket (OOP) expenditure for the insured and uninsured, in Chhattisgarh...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149045/self-organizing-peer-to-peer-middleware-for-healthcare-monitoring-in-real-time
#9
Hyun Ho Kim, Hyeong Gon Jo, Soon Ju Kang
As the number of elderly persons with chronic illnesses increases, a new public infrastructure for their care is becoming increasingly necessary. In particular, technologies that can monitoring bio-signals in real-time have been receiving significant attention. Currently, most healthcare monitoring services are implemented by wireless carrier through centralized servers. These services are vulnerable to data concentration because all data are sent to a remote server. To solve these problems, we propose self-organizing P2P middleware for healthcare monitoring that enables a real-time multi bio-signal streaming without any central server by connecting the caregiver and care recipient...
November 17, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148966/exploring-the-health-care-environment-and-associations-with-clinical-outcomes-of-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#10
Mary Hawk, Robert W S Coulter, James E Egan, Mackey Reuel Friedman, Steven Meanley, Stuart Fisk, Courtney Watson, Suzanne Kinsky
Despite three decades of dramatic treatment breakthroughs in antiretroviral regimens, clinical outcomes for people living with HIV vary greatly. The HIV treatment cascade models the stages of care that people living with HIV go through toward the goal of viral suppression and demonstrates that <30% of those living with HIV/AIDS in the United States have met this goal. Although some research has focused on the ways that patient characteristics and patient-provider relationships contribute to clinical adherence and treatment success, few studies to date have examined the ways that contextual factors of care and the healthcare environment contribute to patient outcomes...
November 17, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148906/research-and-policy-change-to-improve-healthcare-and-elder-services-for-lgbt-older-adults
#11
Sean R Cahill
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 17, 2017: LGBT Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148348/increasing-trends-in-the-use-of-hospital-observation-services-for-older-medicare-advantage-and-privately-insured-patients
#12
Keith D Lind, Claire M Noel-Miller, Lindsey R Sangaralingham, Nilay D Shah, Erik P Hess, Pamela Morin, M Fernanda Bellolio
Policy and financial pressures have driven up use of observation stays for patients in traditional Medicare and the Veterans' Affairs Healthcare System. Using claims data (2004-2014) from OptumLabs™ Data Warehouse, we examined whether people in private Medicare Advantage (MA) and commercial plans experienced similar changes. We found that use of observation increased rapidly for patients in MA plans-even though MA plans were not subject to the same pressures as government-run programs. In contrast, use of observation remained constant for people in commercial plans-except for enrollees 65 and older, for whom it increased somewhat...
July 1, 2017: Medical Care Research and Review: MCRR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148073/adaptation-and-validation-of-the-voices-sf-questionnaire-for-evaluation-of-end-of-life-care-in-sweden
#13
Anna O'Sullivan, Joakim Öhlen, Anette Alvariza, Cecilia Håkanson
OBJECTIVES: Instruments for evaluating end-of-life care by voicing experiences of family members have previously been lacking in Sweden. The objective of this study was therefore to adapt and validate the VOICES (SF) questionnaire to evaluate quality of end-of-life care in Sweden. The VOICES (SF) [Views of Informal Carers - Evaluation of Services (Short form)] is a questionnaire about bereaved relatives' experiences of care in the last three months of life of a deceased family member...
November 17, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147931/horses-for-courses-moving-india-towards-universal-health-coverage-through-targeted-policy-design
#14
Dayashankar Maurya, Altaf Virani, S Rajasulochana
The debate on how India's health system should move towards universal health coverage was (meant to be) put to rest by the recent National Health Policy 2017. However, the new policy is silent about tackling bottlenecks mentioned in the said policy proposal. It aims to provide universal access to free primary care by strengthening the public system, and to secondary and tertiary care through strategic purchasing from the private sector, to overcome deficiencies in public provisioning in the short run. Yet, in doing so, it ignores critical factors needed to replicate successful models of public healthcare delivery from certain states that it hopes to emulate...
November 16, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147653/health-status-and-the-demand-for-healthcare-among-the-elderly-in-the-rural-quoc-oai-district-of-hanoi-in-vietnam
#15
Kyung-Sook Bang, Sunghee H Tak, Juhwan Oh, Jinseon Yi, Soo-Young Yu, Truong Quang Trung
Background: Vietnam is experiencing an unprecedented demographic transition. Its proportion of elderly people is growing rapidly. Objective: This study explored the health status and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of rural elderly Vietnamese and assessed their needs for healthcare services. Design: This study used a survey with stratified proportion sampling and quota assignment. In 2016, data was collected from 713 people in the rural Quoc-Oai district of Hanoi aged 60 or older...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146658/views-of-commissioners-managers-and-healthcare-professionals-on-the-nhs-health-check-programme-a-systematic-review
#16
Katie Mills, Emma Harte, Adam Martin, Calum MacLure, Simon J Griffin, Jonathan Mant, Catherine Meads, Catherine L Saunders, Fiona M Walter, Juliet A Usher-Smith
OBJECTIVE: To synthesise data concerning the views of commissioners, managers and healthcare professionals towards the National Health Service (NHS) Health Check programme in general and the challenges faced when implementing it in practice. DESIGN: A systematic review of surveys and interview studies with a descriptive analysis of quantitative data and thematic synthesis of qualitative data. DATA SOURCES: An electronic literature search of MEDLINE, Embase, Health Management Information Consortium, Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Global Health, PsycInfo, Web of Science, OpenGrey, the Cochrane Library, NHS Evidence, Google Scholar, Google, ClinicalTrials...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146651/prevalence-of-pregnancy-related-pelvic-girdle-pain-and-associated-factors-in-australia-a-cross-sectional-study-protocol
#17
Dragana Ceprnja, Lucinda Chipchase, Amitabh Gupta
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy-related pelvic girdle pain (PPGP) is a common musculoskeletal disorder. Women with PPGP report difficulty performing everyday functional activities, such as standing and walking. However, the magnitude of the problem remains unknown in Australia. It is important to determine how many women are affected by this condition and the factors associated with PPGP as this will direct healthcare services to being able to better manage women during pregnancy. Thus, this study aims to determine the prevalence of PPGP and associated factors in a Western Sydney population...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146648/economic-evaluation-of-an-e-mental-health-intervention-for-patients-with-retinal-exudative-diseases-who-receive-intraocular-anti-vegf-injections-e-pseye-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#18
Hilde P A van der Aa, Ger H M B van Rens, Frank D Verbraak, Machteld Bosscha, Marc A Koopmanschap, Hannie C Comijs, Pim Cuijpers, Ruth M A van Nispen
INTRODUCTION: Because of the great potential of vascular endothelial growth factor inhibitors (anti-VEGF) for retinal exudative diseases, an increased number of patients receives this treatment. However, during this treatment, patients are subjected to frequent invasive intravitreal injections, and the effects on reversing the process of vision loss are uncertain, which may have negative consequences for patients' mental health. One in three patients experience at least mild symptoms of depression/anxiety...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146636/antenatal-care-services-and-its-implications-for-vital-and-health-outcomes-of-children-evidence-from-193-surveys-in-69-low-income-and-middle-income-countries
#19
Jana Kuhnt, Sebastian Vollmer
OBJECTIVES: Antenatal care (ANC) is an essential part of primary healthcare and its provision has expanded worldwide. There is limited evidence of large-scale cross-country studies on the impact of ANC offered to pregnant women on child health outcomes. We investigate the association of ANC in low-income and middle-income countries with short- and long-term mortality and nutritional child outcomes. SETTING: We used nationally representative health and welfare data from 193 Demographic and Health Surveys conducted between 1990 and 2013 from 69 low-income and middle-income countries for women of reproductive age (15-49 years), their children and their respective household...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146634/knowledge-attitudes-and-intention-regarding-mhealth-in-generation-y-evidence-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chakaria-bangladesh
#20
M Shafiqur Rahman, Syed Hanifi, Fatema Khatun, Mohammad Iqbal, Sabrina Rasheed, Tanvir Ahmed, Shahidul Hoque, Tamanna Sharmin, Nazib-Uz Zaman Khan, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: mHealth offers a new opportunity to ensure access to qualified healthcare providers. Therefore, to better understand its potential in Bangladesh, it is important to understand how young people use mobile phones for healthcare. Here we examine the knowledge, attitudes and intentions to use mHealth services among young population. DESIGN: Population based cross sectional household survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4909 respondents, aged 18 years and above, under the Chakaria Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area, were interviewed during the period November 2012 to April 2013...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
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